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English - Back To Basics (Yr TIP 2)

Published by R.I.C, Publications 2010

Republished under licence by Prim-Ed Publishing@

This master may only be reproduced by the


original purchaser for use with their class(es). The
publisher prohibits the loaning or onselling of this
master for the purposes of reproduction.

2010

Copyrighte> Jenni Harrold 2010

ISBN 978-1-84654-243-5
PR 6311UK

Trtles available in th is serie s:

English - Back To Basics (Yr liP 2)


English - Back To Basics (Yr VP 3)

English - Back To Basics (Yr 3!P 4)

English - Back To Basics (Yr 4/P 5)


English - Back To Basics (Yr SIP 6)
English - Back To Basics (Yr 6/P 7)
English - Back To Basics (Yr

6 EKf/S I)

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Foreword
English - Back To Basics is II comprehensive resource designed to teach and revise basic literacy concepts. Essential

skills are covered in spelling and word study. punctuation and grammar; with phonics included in Books Yr liP 2, Yr 21P 3
II nd Yr 31P4. Ea ch of the pages focuses on one concept, whi ch is develo ped through releva nl, graded II clivities.
Although intended as II homework series, these books are also ideal for:

teaching a new concept

TItles in the series lire:

consolidation

English - Back To Basics -

y, fIP2

English - Back To Basics -

y, 3/P 4

English - Back To Basics -

assessment

revision.

y, lIP 3

English - Back To Basics - y, 4/P 5


English - Back To Basics -

y, SIP 6

English - Back To Basics -

y, 6 Ext/S 1

English - Back To Basics -

y, 6/P 7

Contents
Final links -mp, Ik ...................................................... 34-35

T. ach.rnot
.
.
Overvlew.............................................................................. IV

Final links -nk, sk

Final links -ff, II, ss

Curriculum links .................................................................. v


Spelling and vocabulary lists ........................................... vi

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..

Vll-Xl

..
Word origins

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

Digraphs -sh

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42-43

Digraphs -th

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

44-45

Finding words

xv
.

XVI

........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

Alphabetical order

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

54-55

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

56--5 7

. . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......

Full stops
Editing

Middle sounds - 2 ..................................................... 12-13


. . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . ......

Initial links -tr, sk

. . . . . . . . . . . ......

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

64--65

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14-15

22-23

Adjectives

24-25

Writing sentences -word order

. . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26--27

Finishing sentences

28-29

Joining sentences -conjunctions

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......

Final links -nt, ft

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . .....

www.prImed.com

. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

70--71

. . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

72-73

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

Writing sentences

Final links -sl, It, pl.................................................... 30--31


.. .. .. . . ............ . . . . . . . ............. . . . . . . .. . . .....

68--69

16--17

. . . . . . . . . . . ......

66--67

Grammar

Verbs

. . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . ......

. . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20--21

Initial !inks -sp, sl...

Final links -nd, Id

62--63

Nouns

. . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............

. . . . . . . . . .....

18--19

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . .....

Initial links -sw, tw

58--59

60--61

Question marks

Middle sounds - 1 ...................................................... 10--11

Initial !Inks -cr, dr

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .....

.. . . .

Capital letlers -names

Final sounds - 2 ............................................................. 8--9

Initial !inks -pi, sl

Capital letlers-sentences

Final sounds - 1 ............................................................. 6--7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . .....

50--51

Punctuation

Initial sounds - 2 ............................................................ 4-5

Initial !Inks -fl, gl

48-49

52-53

Phonics

Initial links -bl, cl

46-47

. . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

Homophones

Initial sounds - 1 ........................................................... 2-3

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Words in words

Opposites

xx - xxi

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..........

. . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rhyming words

Words commonly miss pelt .................................. xvii -xix


Words easily confused or misused

38-39
40-41

Look, say, cover, write, check

xiii

. . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

. . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . ......

dy

Prefixes.............................................................................. xiv
Suffixes

36--37

Sp.lllng and word .tu

Vowel sounds .................................................................... xii


...........................................................

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .....

Digraphs -ch

Additional word lists .......................................................... xi


Consonant sounds

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Spelling rules ...................................................................... vi

GIossary

. . . . . . ......

....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . ......

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............

. . . . . . . . . . . ......

.. . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . ......

74-75
76--77
78--79
80--81
82--83

32-33

iii

English

Back To Basics

Overview

Teacher notes

Format
This series of books contains pupil lind teacher
pages focusing on skills in the following areas:

spelling and word study

punctuation

,.;:'
,:::
:
:
::: :::' . .

- -_
.. ----

::::::::
::.
:::
..--

----_._-

..-
---'-'--_
----

grammar

phonics 1Books Yr liP 2, Yr 21P 3 and Yr 3/P41.

::"--:-:.:.:.:
:.=-";

Fe.tures

- -

----

-
.-

- -

"

.--

This series of books:

provides activities on each page that relate to one


literacy concept

, .... _-...

--.

follows an organised format in which concepts are


repeated and expanded across year levels

..... ....

uses II focal list of vocabulary

!
!

has II pupil page supported by II corresponding


teachers page
has II teachers page that includes answers and
detailed information explaining each concept

--

. '"'

-- -

homework activities to revise skills taught in class

assessment.

.
... ""...

..... .... -.

___

_._-

.''''_.

""' -''''

=
'-_

consolidating and revising knowledge and skills

& WU
ffl

teaching a new concept

., ....... ....

....._.-

This series of books is ideal for:

..j....-.

."N"-._

"'._....

provides additional reference information for


teachers.

Purpose

CD

,
....... ....

OJ _... _......._

l r-

--

---,

.nd voc.bul.
There are two different lists of words used in each book:

an age-appropriate spelling list of 40 words, and

a high-frequency voca bulary list.

Both lists are used frequently throughout each book in the areas of spelling and word study, punctuation and grammar.

Addltlon.1 reference m.terl.1


This book includes:

an extensive glossary of terms used in spelling and word study, punctuation and grammar

vowel sounds and the different ways they are represented

consonant sounds and the different ways they are represented

spelling rules

prefixes, their meanings and examples

suffixes, their meanings and examples

word origins -Latin and Greek root words with their meanings and examples

words commonly misspelt

words easily confused or misused

prepositions and prepositional phrases


words that can be used as adjectives or adverbs.

English -Back To Basics

;,

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Curriculum links
Counlry!Subjec!/level Curriculum Objectives
England

Word Recognition

Literacy

Vear On.

,ecogni an in er ing number of familiar high frequencv word.


apply phonic knowledge and ,kill. to r.ading and .pelling

Word Structur. and S""lIing

spell new word. using phonic.

Sentence Structur. and Punctualion

Northern Ireland

us. capn.l lette" and lull stop,

foundation Stage -Tllking and Lis,ening

language and literacy


Found.bon Stage and
Key Stage On.

d lop phonological awaren... and an extended vocabulary

found.tion Stage - Anding


,ding

us. word structurelo develop

d.,.lop auditory and visual discrimination and memory

Ke, Slago On. -Talking and Listaning

recognise '.",ur of language, showing phonologic.1 awareness

KRV Slage One - Rnding

build up a sight vocabulary

identify words, panerns or letters

recognise and notice how words are constructed and spelt

;:

I',

KRV Siage One Writing

Republic of Ir.land

use a variety 01 skills to spell words

spell correctly a range o l l amiliar, important and regularly occurring words

d.velop inc reasing c ompetence in the use of grammar and punctuation

..

Senior Infant. Competence Ind Confide""R in Using LanguagR

English
Senior Infants and First
Clas.

build up a sight vocabulary

learn to isolate the beginning and linal sounds in written words

learn to isolate the part of a word or svllable which allows it to rhyme with another word Of .yllabls

begin to develop conventional .pelling

First Class -RKlptivenusslo languagl

continus to build a sight vocabulary

engage in acti",ties designed to increase awarene.. 01 .ounds

learn about the sounds associated with the part of a word or syllable that allows it to rhyme with another word or .yllable

learn about the sounds associated with the baginning 01 a word or .yllable

learn to connect the beginning. of word. and syllables with their rhyming parts

learn about common word endings

First Class

;.j

CompetencR and Confidence in Using I.Iong..g.

unde..
t
a nd that the conventions 01 punctuation help to make meaning clearer in writing

spell words in a recogni.able way ba,ed o n an awarene.. 01 the most common spelling string' and pattern.

First Class -De.eloping Cognili.. AlIili,i.. through I.Ionguage

Scotland

perform alphabetical order tasks

hrlv- Rnding

Literacy and Engli.h

Early and First

explore and plav with the patterns and sound. 01 language and use what they learn
explore .ounds. letters and words. discoyar how they work together and u.e them to help with reading and writing

hrlv -Writing

explore .ounds. letters and words. discover how they work together and use them to help with reading and writing

First - Rnding

use knowledge o f sight vocabulary. phonics. punctuation and grammar to read with understanding and expression

Fim-Writing

Wale.

Foundation Phase

PrIm-Ed Publishlrog"

spell the mo.t commonly-used words, using knowledge of lener panerns

wrne independently. use appropriate punctuation and order and link semence. in a way that ma'" sense

Rnding - Skills

language, literacy and


Commun;cation Skills

understand that written symbol. have sound and meaning and develop phonological. graphic and grammatical knowledge

and word recognition


Writing. Skill.

recognise that punctuation is essential to help a reader understand what is wnnen

develop ability to spell common and fami liar word. in a recogn;sable way

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English -Back To Basics

Word lists

Teacher notes

IIIng lI.t
eod

cot

go

It

00

w",

,m

d,d

h,d

look

".

w,

"

d,y

h",

m,

sit

wot

b.d

did

mom

th,

y"

big

dog

If

my

to

y'"

CO"

eod

"'

top

'"

got

"

of

op

Vocabul.ry lI.t
,

big

d.y

four

name

play

'"

op

,II

black

did

got

"

nine

purple

to"

w",

,m

blue

do

go

It

"'

cod

th'

w.

eod

brown

dog

gOing

like

of

said

they

went

'"

draw

green

look

00

'"

this

while

"

cot

eight

grey

m,

0"'

seven

three

yellow

away

come

five

h,

mom

orange

,h,

to

y"

best

d,d

foe

my

pink

sit

two

y'"

Spelling rules
Write i before e, except after c.

Drop the final e to most words when adding a


suffix beginning with a vowel.

For example: friend, beHeve, receive, receipt

For example: use-usable


makll-making

Some exceptions: foreign, either, science, weird, height,


species

Write ie after

Double the consonant when adding a suffix


starting with a vowel (e.g. -ing) to:

For example: sufficient, ancient, conscience, efficient

Write ei when the vowel sounds like an a.


For eXlimple: weigh, rein, reign, neighbour

For words ending in y:

retllin the ywhen adding -ing,


lor example: crying, studying
retllin the yif it is preceded by a vowel, when lidding s
or II suffix;
for example: employs, employer

Exceptions include many words ending in I, where the 1


is IIlways doubled;
for eXlimple: IIppal-lIppliliing
trllvel-trllvelling.

Some exceptions: dryness, shyness.

II word 01 more than one syllable ending in II single


consonllnt, preceded by a vowel ilthe stress is on the
final sylilible;
for example: begin-beginning
commit-committed.
When the stress is not on the final sylilible, the single
consonllnt remains;
lor eXlimple: develop-developing-developed.

chllnge the yto iifit is preceded by II consonllnt, when


lidding a suffix;
for example: cries, studies

English Back To Basics

II word of one syllable ending in II single consonant,


preceded by a vowel;
for example: drip-dripping
sit-sitting

,;

PrIm-Ed Publishing"

Glossary

Teacher notes

Spelling and word .tudy

Abbreviation

Digraph

Plural

An abbreviation is II word written


in shortened form. A full stop may
be used to show pari of the word is
missing. However, if the last letter of
the word is used, there is no full stop.

Two leiters representing one


phoneme.

Indicates more than one person


or thing.

For example: th sh wh, er, ck, au

Eponyms

For example: two books


three wishes
tour children

For example: Mon. for Monday


Drlor Doctor

Eponyms are words that come tram a


person's name or name at a place.

Prefix

Acronym
A word made up from the initial
letters of II phrase.
For example: SIDS(!udden infant
death !yndrome)
radar(radio detecting
and ranging)

For example: Jules Leotard


Anders Celsius
Earl at Cardigan

Used at the beginning at a base word


to change meaning.
For example: inedible, unconscious,
iegal, disobey

Etymology
The study of the origin and history at
words.

Singular

For example: annuaJtrom the Latin


word annu, meaning
'year'

For example: one book, a table,


an apple

Antonyms

Grapheme

Used at the end at a base word.

Words that are opposite in meaning.

The written representation at a


sound.

For example: work ing, lone ly,

(Note: If it is not pronounced as II


word, it is an intialism; e.g. LPG.)

For example: hot/cold

dark/light
wet/dry

The root word or main part of the


word. Prefixes and suffixes can be
added to the base word.
For example: reading, mis guide d ,
car efully

For example: cricket, wind

Two or more words joined together.


For example: pancake, teaspoon,

underground

For example: b, c, d, f, g, h, j

Contraction
A shortened form at a word. An
apostrophe is used to replace the
deleted leiters.
For example: I'm, we're, they'll,

she'd, can't

Derivative
A word made trom adding pretixes
and suffixes to a base word.
For example: sleeping , unusual,
happily

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A unit at sound which contains a


vowel sound. All words are made up

of one or more syllables.

For example: talk, nerv-ous,


in-de-pen-dent

Synonyms

Homophones

Words that are similar in meaning.

Words that sound the same but are


spelled differently.

For example: big/large

small/tiny
wet/damp

For example: peace/piece

threw/through
bored/board

Consonant
Any leiter ot the alphabet that i s not
a vowel.

walked, editor

Syl/able
Words that are speltthe same but
have different orig ins and meanings
and are sometimes pronounced
differently.

Compound word

Suffix

For example: ew, ing, th

Homographs

Base word

Only one person or thing.

Thesaurus
A reterence book which groups
words by meaning.

Morpheme
The smallest unit at meaning.
For example: house/keep/ing

Phoneme
The smallest unit at sound in a word
that can be represented by one, two,
three or tour leiters. There are 44
phonemes in English.

For example: promise-pledge,


guarantee,
engagement, commit,
assure, secure

Trigraph
Three leiters representing one
phoneme.

For example: t o, shoe,through

For example: high tu dge, pear

Phonetics

Vowel

System at spelling words that


represents sounds by symbols.

The five leiters at the alphabet that


are not consonants.
These are: a, e, i, a and u.

vii

Eng/ish Back To Basics


-

Glossary

Teacher notes

Punctuation

Apostrophe

Exclamation mark

Quotation marks

Used to show ownership and in


contractions to show where letters
have been dropped.

Used to show strong emotion.

Used to indicate direct speech,


quotations and specific tides.

For example: Jackie's dog wasn't


barking.

Forward slash

For example: That's fantastic news!

Used to show options, shortened


forms, in web addresses and instead
of per, an or a.

Capital letters
Used to start II sentence, as the
first letter of proper nouns, for the
pronoun I, in titles, and to start direct
speech.

For example: true/false

Colon

Used at the end of a sentence or in


some abbreviations.

60km/h

Full stop

Used to introduce additional


information.

For example: His birthday was on


21 Feb.

For example: Use the following:


eggs, bacon, milk, salt
and pepper.

For example: 'Did you know the


Spanish word "siesta"
means a short nap?'
Ben asked.

Semicolon
Used to separate short, balanced
and linked phrases or clauses. I t is
stronger than a comma, not as strong
as a full stop. I t can also be used to
separate items in a list of phrases or
clauses.
For example: I bought new shoes;
they were on sale.
I need 12 pens, pencils
and rulers; 24 books,
six erasers and two
bags.

Hyphen
Used to join words and word parts,
clarify meaning and divide words at
the end of a line.

Comma
Used as II short pause to separate
parts of II sentence and items in II list

For example: resigned a contract

brotherin-Iaw

For example: The boy. 11 great


athlete, was competing
in most events.

three-quarters

Parentheses

I tool:. pens, pencils.


paper and paints to the
class.

Used to enclose additional


information such as a comment,
explanation or example.

Dash

For example: lia (my sisterl showed


me how to use the
program.

Used to provide additional


information or show that something is
unfinished.

Question mark

For example: I opened the gih-it


was just what I
wanted.

Used at the end of a sentence to


show a question to be answered.

Ellipsis

For example: Did you finish


everything you wanted
to?

Used to mark letters or words that


have been left out and a pause or
interruption

For example: Her birthday party was


wonderful ... the best
ever!

'.

JJ

English -Back To Basics

viii

PrIm-Ed Publishing"

Glossary

Teacher notes

Gramm.r

Abstract noun

Auxiliary verb

Conjunction

A word which describes things that


cannot actually be heard, seen, smelt
o r t asted.

A 'helping' verb that is used in


forming tense, mood and voices with
other verbs. The verbs to be, to have
and to do are often used as auxiliary
verbs.

A joining word for words, phrases,


clauses and sentences.

For example: anger, be8uty, danger,

jealousy, loyalty, pain

For example: I lite an apple anda


pear.
I was tired butl had
to work because the
assignment was due.

For example: I was thinking of you.

Active voice

He does leave his room


In a mess.

The voice of the verb which shows


that the subject of the sentence i s
performing the action.
For example: Her friend drove the
caL
The dog frightened the
child.

We have seen it.

Clause

A connecting word that tells order


and what is coming next.

A group of words with a subject and


its verb.

For example: I'll finish the dishes first


and then wlltch a film.

For example: She walked to the

station.

Adjective
A describing word used to add
meaning to II noun or pronoun.
For example: He wore II blue shirt.
The meal was

delicious.

Connective

Collective noun
A group of persons or things.
For example: II class 01 pupils, a
(Iockol sheep, a herd
of elephants

Determiner
A word that is used in front of a noun
or pronoun to tell something about it.
For example: atiger, tho tiger, some
tigers, both tigers, that
tiger, throe tigers

Direct speech

Adverb

Command verb (imperative)

Adds meaning to II verb, adjective or


other adverb. I t can tell how, where

A verb used as lin order or command.

Exllctly what is spoken, enclosed in


quotlltion marks.

For exam pIe: Stop talking so loudly.

For example: 'Are you feeling

or when.
For example: He worked carefully.

Common noun

to school.

A word naming general rllther than


particula r things.

She finally finished.

For example: apple, river, table,

Yesterday. they walked

colour

Agreement
Shows that linked words or phrases
agree in terms of case, number,
gender and person.
For example: He is welcome. They
are welcome.

She tried to write the


story herself.

Article
A subclass of determiners where
a and an are indefinite and the is
definitive.
For example: a computer, an apple,
the dog

Complex sentence
Has a main (independent) clause and
at lellst one subordi nate (dependent)
clause.
For example: I like swimming before
I walk along the beach.

Compound sentence
Has two or more independent
clauses with a linking word.
For example: The nurse worked hard
and helped the sick
child.

thirsty?' she asked.

Double negative
When two negatives are used
together, with the effect of cancelling
each other so the negative meaning
is lost.
For example: She wasn't doing

nothing.
He didn'tget no lunch.

Finite verb
A verb that has a subject. A finite
verb must be a part of every sentence
and IIgree with its subject.
For example: The ball rolls.
The balls roll.

Idiom
A phrase that is not meant literally.
For example: over the moon

frog in my throat

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Glossary

Teacher notes

Grammar

Indefinite pronoun

Passive voice

Preposition

A pronoun that reters to people or


things generally and nol specifically.

The voice of the verb which shows


that the subject is having an action
done to it.

Used in front of a noun or pronoun to


describe the relationship.

For example: anybody, anything,

everybody, everyone,
somebody, something

For example: Max was tickled by his


sister.
She was surprised by
the visitors.

Indirect speech
Reports, and often alters, direct
speech without the use of quotes.
For example: I asked her to be quiet.
She told me she would
leave early.

Main (independent) clause


A group of words that can stand
alone and make sense without being
dependent on any other part of II
sentence.

Person
Text may be written as the first,
second or third person and is
indicated by the use of pronouns and
verbs.

For example: Peter is conscientious.


He works quietly.

For example: I wrote the book.


I t must be yours.

Used to specifically name a person


or thing.

Did he write the book?

For example: Jemma, Antarctica,

Personal pronoun
Used in place at a person.

Modifier

Second person personal pronouns


are: you, yours.

way by giving more information. They


might describe, define or make a
.
.
meaning more precise.
For example: The TV is in the largest
room.

Bright-eyed and
inquisitive, the squirrel

Rrst person personal pronouns are: I,

me, mme, we, us, ours.

he, his, him, she, hers, her, it its, they,


them, theirs.

A group of sentences that are about


one main idea. The sentences should
follow in a logical order.

I met the man whose


story I had read.

Sentence

For example: fII eat breakfast after

I've had a shower.

Simple sentence

A pronoun used to show ownership.

A sentence with only one verb ipart


of the predicate) and one subject.

For example: That book is his.

For example: I played a game.

They ate dinner


together.

I have mine here.

Shows what or whom the verb


affects.

Paragraph

For example: Here is the house that I


want to buy.

Possessive pronoun

Object

She wore blue jeans.

Used to connect or relate one part of


a sentence to another.

The car crashed into

For example: She walked towards

I think it's hers.

house.

Relative pronoun

the house.

A group of words in a sentence


which does not contain a finite verb.

the tree.

For example: They purchased a

Sahara Desert

A group of words that makes sense


on Its own. I t may have one or more
clauses. It must have a finite verb,
a capital letter at the start and
end in a full stop, question mark or
exclamation mark.

Phrase

Noun

For example: doctor, Paris, suitcase,


fear, courage

Proper noun

Third person personal pronouns are:

searched for food.

A word that names a person, place,


thing, feeling or idea.

Pronoun
Used in place of a noun to reduce
repetition.

For example: I decided to go


shopping after I had my
lunch.

A word or group of words that affect


the meaning of another word in some

For example: underthe water, to him,


atthe concert, before
lunch, around them

I t must be yours.

Predicate

Slang

What is written or said aboutthe


subject of a sentence.

Words or phrases in common use


that are not considered to be part of
standard English.

For example: The teacher was tired

and hungry.

For example: aggro, dude.

The kitchen was clean

Statement

and tidy.

A sentence which states a fact.


For example: We will not be leaving

today.
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PrIm-Ed Publishing"

Glossary

Teacher notes

Grammar

Subject

Tense

The person or thing who is doing the


action in II sentence.

Verb lenses tell whether the action is


happening in the past, present or future.

For example: Mrs Gree n taught music.

For example: I walked, I walk, I am


walking, I will walk.

The football team won the


game with the last kick.

Verb

Subordinate (dependent) clause

An action or slate of being word.

A group of words that cannot stand alone


and make sense. II is dependent on the
main clause for its meaning.

For example: She read the book.


He has written II story.
They will elltdinner.

For example: I ale everything on the


plale bec8use J was

We thought about it.

hungry.

Additional word lists


Words used a. prepositions
aboard

among

beyond

over

under

about

around

bot

illside

past

until

above

"'

by

into

P"

"P

across

before

concerning

like

round

upon

aher

behind

despite

near

since

''"

against

below

down

01

through

with

along

beneath

during

off

throughout

within

alongside

beside

except

00

till

without

amid

besides

I"

onto

to

amidst

between

from

oot

towards

according to

aside from

behind in

in front of

in regard to

on account of

ahead of

as to

due to

in lieu of

in spite of

on board

apart from

back of

in addition to

in light of

instead of

out of

asfaras

because of

in the back of

in place of

in view of

owing to

______

. u ed
;:.:
;
;.:;: ..nt
..:W
:::;

::o Bet/v or adverb.


.:d

b.d

doubtless

fast

loose

righI

straight

better

early

first

loud

rough

third

bright

enough

hard

low

second

tighi

cheap

even

high

much

sharp

well

close

fair

late

near

slow

worse

deep
I"
little
.. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .
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quick
smooth
wrong
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.;
Eng/ish Back To Basics
-

Vowel sounds

Teacher notes

There lire 19 vowel sounds listed below. Most of these vowel sounds can be written in II number of
different ways. The letters used to represent sounds in words are called 'graphemes'.
Knowledge about common graphemes and an understanding of how to use them when selecting the
particular one needed to spell II word correctly, are essentilll spelling skills.
Some oltha most commonly used graphemes for each vowel sound are found in the table below.

Grapheme.

Sound
' '
II

II

as in bat

II

as In rllin

ai (pain) By (tray) a-e (plate) II(baby) ea(break) ei (rein) ey (grey)

'ar' as in bar
.
air as m palf

(cat)

ar (car) II (class) 81(calif au Haugh)


air (chairl are (care) ear (bear) ere (there) air (their)

aw as In paw

aw (yawn) or (fork) au (sauce) a (ball) are(store) OM(roar) oar(poor) ough(fought)


augh (caught) al (walk)

'e' as in tell

e (jet) ea (spread)

'eo' as in tree

ee (sheep) ea (beat) y (tunny) ie (thief) ei (ceiling) ey (key) i (ski) eo (athlete)

'er' as in fern

er (germ) i r (girl) IH(purse) or(word) ear (earn) our(jou mey)

ear as In appear

ear (near) eer (deer) ere (here) ier (tier)

'i' as in bit

i (tin) y(pyramid) ui (build)

'i' as in hive

i (find) ie (pie) y (sky) i-e (tine) igh (sigh)

'a' as in top

a (clot) a (wasp) au(sausage) au (cough)

'a' as in hope

a (no) oa (boat) oe(toe) ow (slow) o-e (home)

ow as In cow

ow (down) au (loud)

'oy' as in toy

oy (boy) oi (coin)

'

'
0 0 as in cook

00 (book) u (bush) au (should)

'

'
0 0 as in boot

00 (spoon) ew (flew) ue (true) au (soup) ui (fruit) a (to)

'u' as in mud

u (truck) a (some) au (young)

u-e (fuse) u (duty) ew (new) ue (avenue) eau (beauty)

yu as In use

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Consonant sounds

Teacher notes

There are 25 consonant sounds listed below. Most of these consonant sounds can be written in a number of
different ways. The letters used to represent sounds in words are called 'graphemes'.
Knowledge aboul common graphemes and an understanding of how to use them when selecting the particular
one needed to spell a word correctly, are essential spelling skills.
Some o l the most commonly used graphemes for each consonant sound are found in the table below.

Sound
'b' as in big

b(batl bb (rabbitl

'c' as in cat

c(clean) ck(pack) eh (school) k (kitel cc (occupyl que (cheque)

'eh' as in chin

eh (church) leh (watch!

'd' as in dog

d(doll) dd (rudder) ed halked)

'fas infat

f(Iedfff (giraffe) ph (phonel gh (laughf

'g' as in gel

9 (goalf gg (eggf gu (guidef gh (ghostf

'h' as In hal
.,
. .
J aS InJam

h(havef wh(whof

'_
t
'i.t

Grapheme.

j !jelf 9 (gian\f dge (hedgef gg (suggeslf

T as in look

I !lolfII (hilU Ie !littlef

'm' as in mel
.
n aslnnow

m(molherf mm (hammerf mb (climbf 1m (calmf mn (autumnf

"

..(

n(nursef n n(runnerf kn(knolf

ng as In sing

ng (slrongf n(sinkf

'p' as in pol
.
r asmrun

p(pinf pp (rippedf

"

r(redfrr (carryf wr (writef

's' as in sal

s(sunf ss Hossfc (cen\f ce (ricef sc (scenef

'sh' as in ship

sh (sheepf s(sugar) ss (pressuref ch (machinef ci (speci alf ti (stationf si (tensionf

'f as in tap

I(tent) tt (writtenf th (Thomas) ed (cooked)

'th' as in thin

th (think)

'th' as in then
.
v aslnvan
.
w as In was

th (that) the(breathe)

"

v(vase)!(o!f

"

w(watchf wh (whenf

'x' as in box

x(toxf cks (socks)

'y' as In yes

y(yell)

'z' as in zebra

z (zipf zz (!izzf s(hasf

'zh' as in measure

s(treasuref si (televisionf

c.
.

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English -Back To Basics

Prefixes
Prefix

Meaning

Teacher notes

Example(s}

anti-

opposed, against

antiseptic

bi-

two, twice

bicycle

bio-

life

biography

circum-

around

circumference

co

together

cooperate

contra-

opposite, against

contradict

d,

away, from, down

dofer, descend

dis-

apart

disconnect

en em

make

enable, embrace

"

former

ex-premier

for-

oo!

forgel

fore-

before

forecast

glgll-

billion

gigabyte

hyper-

over, exclusive

hyperactive

iI-

oo!

illegal

not, in

incomplete, inside

1m If-

oo!

impossible, irregular

inter-

between, among

interview

mal-

wrong

malfunction

mega-

million

megabyte

micro-

small

microscope

milli-

thousand

millililre

mini

small

miniskirt

mis-

wrongly

misjudge

non-

oo!

nonsense

out-

outside, detached

outpatient

post-

after

postgraduate

pre-

before

preheat

"

again, back

repeat, return

semi-

half

semicircle

sub-

under

submarine

super-

over, above

superhuman

trans-

across

transport

tri-

three, triple

tricycle

""

oo!

undone

Un!-

one, single

uniform

with-

against, away

withhold

. .

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Suffixes
Suffix

Mnlng

Teacher notes

Example(s}

-able, -ible

capable of, for

adaptable, possibla

-al, -ieal

of. relating to

maternal, magical

."

like

circular

-ale

to make

aggravate

alion

act of

invitation

-dam

slate of

freedom

er, -or

one who

farmer, actor

ess

feminine of nouns

princess

-fold

number of parts, times

twofold

-ful

able to, full of

helpful, plateful

-!On

action, state, quality

consideration, promotion

-158

make into

humanise

-ish

belonging, like

girlish, Swedish

Ism

slate, quality, act of

heroism, baptism

-isl

one who

artist

Ive

like, connected with

native, protective

-less

without

childless

."

like, how, when

manlv, darklv. yearly

-ment

result, state, quality of

achievement, judgment

-ous

full of

nervous

-p ho b ia

fear, dread

claustrophobia

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Word origins

Teacher notes

LATIN ROOT WORDS

Root word

Meaning

EXBmp'''(s}

scribe

writing

describe, inscribe, scribble, prescribe, transcribe

port

carry

transport, portable, report, export, import, support

p"

foot

pedestrian, pedal, pedestal, impede, expedition

spire

breathe

inspire, conspire. respire, transpire

mil

send, let go

transmit, omit, admit, permit, remit

fact

make, do

manufacture, laclor, faction, satisfaction, factory

dllee, duct

to lead

conduct, introduce, produce, educllte, conductor

capit

head

capilaI, captain, decapitate, capitulate

""

flow

fluid, fluent, influence, affluent, effluent

manu

hand

manual, manufacture, manuscript, manipulate

aqua, aqua

water

aquati c, aquarium, aquapla ne, aquedlIel, Aquarius

""'

hear

audio, audience, audible, audition

annu

year

annual, anniversary, biannual, annuity

bene

well

benefit, benefic ial, benefactor, benefi ciary, benevole nt

prem, prim

first

primary, prime, primitive, primer, premier

unus

'"

unit

'"0

two

duet

tres

three

triangle

quatuor

four

quarter

qUinque

five

quintet

'"

'"

sextuplet

septum

seven

September (7"' month on Roman calendarl

octo

eight

octopus

novem

nine

decem

too

November (g"' month on Roman calendarl

decimal

centum

hundred

century

mille

thousand

millimetre

GREEK ROOT WORDS

MeanIng

Root word

EXBmp/e(s)

meter, metre

measure

centimetre, millimetre, thermometer, barometer, pedometer,


speedometer

micro

small

microscopic, microscope, microphone

aero

""

aeronaut, aerate, aeroplane, aerial

sphere

globe, ball

atmosphere, stratosphere, hemisphere

tele

far all

telephone, teleport, televise, television

logy

word, knowledge,
science of

psychology, biology, zoology, neurology

auto

self

automatic, autobiography, autograph, automobile

logos

word, reason

logic, logistic, logical

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Words commonly misspelt

Teacher notes

LIST 1
about

choose

friend

none

their

ache

colour

guess

ocean

though

address

coming

half

often

through

afraid

cough

heard

once

together

agllill

could

hospital

people

tomorrow

agree

country

hour

picture

tonight

almost

couple

hungry

piece

touch

always

COUSIll

important

please

trouble

among

daughter

insect

promise

Tuesday

answer

decide

instead

question

uncle

'"y

definite

interesting

quick

used

around

different

invite

ready

useful

August

difficult

January

reason

vegetable

aunt

discllss

knew

remember

vOice

autumn

doctor

know

rough

Wednesday

balloon

does

lately

said

welcome

beautiful

don't

laugh

separate

where

because

done

library

September

which

been

during

listen

sign

who

beginning

early

lose

since

women

behaviour

easy

making

some

won't

bicycle

eight

many

someone

would

breakfast

every

meant

special

write

built

exercise

message

spread

writing

business

famous

might

straight

wrong

busy

February

minute

strange

wrote

boy

finish

naughty

sure

yesterday

careful

forgotten

nearly

surprise

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Words commonly misspelt

Teacher notes

LIST 2
accident

customer

incident

private

adventure

damage

information

procedure

aeroplane

decoration

Inlury

punishment

altogether

delicious

instrument

pure

ambulance

disappointing

intelligent

PYlamas

amusing

discovery

jealous

quantity

anxIous

disgraceful

knowledge

reasonable

appear

distract

lawyer

recreation

appreciate

division

league

religion

argument

doubt

machine

repair

assembly

election

malerial

request

association

electric

medicine

scarce

athlete

enormous

migrate

separate

attendance

enough

multiplicIIlion

senous

audience

excitement

museum

silence

author

extreme

musical

skilful

automatic

failure

mystery

subtraction

avenue

fashion

necessary

support

awful

favourite

neighbour

surround

balance

finallv

nephew

technologv

believe

forty

nervous

unknown

careless

frequent

niece

valuable

celebrate

generous

opInion

variety

centre

gradual

oxygen

visitor

certain

heritage

parliament

weary

chocolate

hesitate

passenger

weight

comfortable

honest

permission

weird

committee

horrible

persuade

yacht

conversation

imagination

phvsical

youth

curtain

immediatelv

population

English -Back To Basics

xviii

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Words commonly misspelt

Teacher notes

LIST 3
accessories

convenient

foreigner

irrelevant

outrageous

silhouette

acquaintance

cooperate

fortunately

irreplaceable

paralyse

sincerely

acquire

courageous

freight

irresponsible

participant

sophisticated

admittance

CUriOUS

fugitive

itinerary

permitted

spaghetti

adolescence

deceased

furious

jewellery

phenomenon

spontaneous

anniversary

definite

gauge

kidnapped

pneumonia

statistics

anonymous

desperate

genuine

knowledgeable

politician

successful

appalling

diabetes

glamorous

labelled

possession

sufficient

Arctic

diarrhoea

government

legendary

possibility

supervisor

assistance

difference

grammar

limousine

professional

surgeon

asthmatic

disappearance

grieve

maintenance

pronllllciation

SUSpICIOUS

basically

disapproval

guarantee

manageable

prosecute

technique

bouquet

disastrous

guard

manually

protein

therapeutic

boutique

discipline

hallucination

millionaire

questionnaire

tragedy

bureau

discrimination

harass

miraculous

queue

transferred

campaign

discussion

hereditary

mortgage

reassurance

twelhh

casualty

disease

hilarious

muscle

rebellious

unanimous

cautious

disinfectant

humorous

mysterious

receipt

unconscIous

cemetery

distinguish

hypothetical

nausea

recommend

unique

chauffeur

documentary

hysterical

negotiate

referee

unnecessary

choreography

economically

Ignorance

numerous

regretted

vaccinate

coincidence

efficient

illiterate

nutritious

rehabilitation

vague

colleague

eightieth

imaginative

obedient

relevant

visibility

commercial

electrician

immaculate

obese

responsibility

volunteered

commitment

embarrass

inappropriate

obscene

restaurant

vulnerable

communicate

encourage

independence

obsessive

resuscitate

wintry

competitive

escalator

indigenous

occasion

rhythm

worshipped

concussion

essential

ineligible

occurred

rumour

congratulations

eventually

ingredient

offence

satellite

conscientious

fascinate

inseparable

omitted

schedule

conscIous

fatigue

intermediate

opportunity

siege

controversial

fierce

interrupt

ordinary

significant

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Eng/ish Back To Basics


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Words easily confused or misused

Teacher notes

LIST 1
Words

Exampl

angel/angle

We put the angel on the Christmas tree. A triangle might have 11 right angle.

as/like

I did as I was told. I was like my sister.

ate/eaten

I ate breakfast. I have eaten breakfast.

beat/beaten

We will beal them. We should have beaten them.

became/become

She became II star. She will become a star.

began/begun

He began the work. He has begun to work.

been/being

I have been to school. l like being !It school.

beside/besides

I stood beside him. Who, besides your dad, is home?

blew/blown

The wind blew. The papers have blown away.

breath/breathe

He took a deep breath. He can breathe deeply.

can/may/might

She can do that. May I do thai? I may do that. I might be able to do that.

came/come

She came late. They will come later.

chose/choose

I chose the apple. I will choose an apple.

dairy/diary

The milk came from the dairy. He wrote in his diary.

desert/dessert

The desert was dry. He deserted them. We had ice-cream for dessert.

did/done

He did the work. He has done the work.

forgot/forgotte n

She forgot the number. He has forgotten to bring it.

gave/give

She gave me the book. I will give you the book.

gone/Went

He has gone to school. She went to school.

hid/hidden

Mum hid the Christmas presents. The presents were hidden from us.

its/it's

The dog is wagging its tail. It's a sunny day.

knew/knowfknown

I knew the teacher. I know who she is. I wish I had known before.

laid/lain

It was laid on the table. It had lain on the table for a while.

learn/teach

I had to learn the words. She can teach me how to do it.

lend/borrow

I will lend you the book. May I borrow the book?

loose/lose

These trousers feel loose. Don't lose your phone.

meter/metre

The meter was running. It was a metre long.

of/off

I was tired of working. I took off my hat.

outdoor/outdoors

Cricket is an outdoor sport. We played it outdoors.

passed/past

I passed the test. I walked past her.

pra ctice/pra ctise

He is going to football practice. He will practise his skills.

principaVprinci pie

She is the principal of the school. She followed a basic principle.

quiet/quite

I was very quiet. It was quite funny.

rapt/wrapped

I was rapt with the result. I wrapped a present.

risen/rose

The sun had risen before I woke. The sun rose before I did.

rolelroll

She played the role of a doctor. She ate a salad roll for lunch.

showed/shown

I showed her where I lived. He has shown me the way to go.

storey/story

They lived on the top storey of the building. I read the story.

their/there/they're

That is their house. They live there. They're going out.

threw/through

I threw the ball. I walked through the room.

tore/torn

He tore the shirt he was wearing. The shirt is torn.

wear/where/we're

I will wear the dress. Where are you? We're going to school.

went/gone

They went an hour ago. They have already gone.

who/which

I have two brothers who are older. I have two kittens which are cute.

who's/whose

Who's leaving now? Do you know whose dog it is?

English -Back To Basics

PrIm-Ed Publishing"

Words easily confused or misused

Teacher notes

LIST 2
Rootword

EJt.mpl.ts}

accept/except

Please accept this gift. Everyone went except Drew.

II dditionledition

I completed the addition problems. There is II new edition of thaI book.

advice/advise

She asked for my advice. I would advise you to finish it.

affect/effect

She was affected by the news. It had II good effect on her.

amend/emend

They should amend the rule. He needs to emend iedit) his work.

ballet/ballot

Her ballet dress was beautiful. We needed

belief/believe

My betief is that you will do weil. l believe you will win.

e ha rted/c ha rte red

He charted the data. He chartered II boat forthe day.

e ontinuaVc ontinuous

She was in continual pain. It was II continuous line.

c au ncillor/c au nsellor

The local councillor approved the plans. The counsellor listened to her.

d ependant/d ependent

The woman had two dependants. The child was dependent on her mother.

device/devise

The electronic device was expensive. She had to devise a new plan.

elicit/illicit

He tried to elicit information. The drug was illicit.

eligible/legible

The school was eligible for the grant. Her writing was legible.

emigrant/immigrant

The emigrant left his country. The immigrant arrived in his new country.

emission/omission

There was a gas emission. The omission of her name was an oversight.

emplovee/emplover

The new emplovee worked hard. The boss was their emplover.

forg ave/forgiven

I easilv forgave mv best friend. I told her she was forgiven.

formally/formerlv

I was dressed formallv. 1 was formerly at another address.

human/humane

He is a human being. Thev had to treat the animal in a humane way.

licence/lic ense

He had a driver's licence. He had to license the car.

mediate/meditate

She had to mediate between the groups. I took time to meditate and relax.

mistaken/mistook

I was mistaken about the time. I mistook the time it would take.

ove rtaken/ove rtook

Thev had overtaken the slow car. Thev overtook the car.

premier/premiere

The premier is the state leader. We went to the film premiere.

proof/prove

You need the right proof first. You will have to prove it's true.

refuge/refugee

He took refuge from the storm. The refugee arrived from another country.

review/revue

Write a review of the book. The musical revue was very funny.

scared/scarred

I was scared of the dark. The burn scarred my skin.

scraped/scrapped

She scraped her knee when she fell. I scrapped the work I was doing.

stationary/stationery

The train was stationary. The stationery included pencils.

suit/suite

He wore the new suit to the party. We staved in an expensive hotel suite.

summary/summery

The summary was very brief. It was a fine, summery day.

PrlmEd Publishinge

www.prlm-ed.com

II

ballot paper to vote.

Eng/ish Back To Basics


-

Initial sounds - ,

Phonics

Answers
1. The following illustrations should be coloured.

CD
car clln cal cross
8
dog door dress dinosaur 0
tree tap tiger table
8
sun s8al slaf stamp
8

(.1 ball bat bed book


Ibl
(,I
"I
(.1

English Back To Basics

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Initial sounds

1. Colour the pictures with the same first sound. Write the sound
in the box.
(a)

(b)
w

::0

z
.....

Q.
:::>
Q.
-

(e)
,

(d)

(e)

.. .. .. .. .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"
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.. . .. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

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. .

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"

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"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

, '

. .

. .

. .

English Back To Basics


-

Initial sounds

Phonics

Answers
1. Teacher check
2. (.1 b.d
Idl

'"

(, I to,

Ibl

'"

(.1 ,"
!hI

(,I do,
Ifl book

,,'

3. Answe will vary.

English Back To Basics


-

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Initial sounds

1. Circle the first letter of each word. Write the word.


(a) you

(b) day

(e) look

(d) me

(e) sit

(I) has

(g) end

(h) yes

, 2. Write the first letter for each word.


w

::0

z
.....

(a)

Q.
:::>
Q.

(e)

,ed

(b)

.og

(d)

__

__

ar

__

ix

__

(e)

(g)

(I)

.at

__

__

,en

(h)

ook

__

at

__

3. Write a word that starts with each letter.


(a) a

(e) i

(i) b
.

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

www.prtm-ed.com

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

(j) r
"

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(h) g

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(I) t

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(g) w

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(d) 0

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(e) u

. .

(b) e

_
_
_
_
_
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_
_
_

"

"

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_
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

'.

. . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Final sounds

Phonics

Answers
1. The following illustrations should be coloured.
(.1 cat rat mal hat
Ibl man can Ian pan
(,I bag flag rag tag
"I car bllr jar star
(.1 bus cross dress grass

[i]
0
CD
[i]
[i]

English Back To Basics


-

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Final sounds

1. Colour the pictures with the same last sound. Write the sound in
the box.
(a)

(b)

::0

z
.....

Q.
:::>
Q.
-

(e)
,

(d)

(e)

.. .. .. .. .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"
www.prtm-ed.com

.. . .. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

, .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . "

. "

. "

. "

. "

. "

. "

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"

"

, '

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

, '

. .

. .

. .

English Back To Basics


-

Final sounds

Phonics

Answers
1. Teacher check
2. (.1 mop

Ibl mot

(,I bot

"I milk

(.1 belt

Ifl fl.,

(,I bell

!hI seven

3. Answe will vary.

English Back To Basics


-

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Final sounds

1. Circle the last letter of each word. Write the word.


(al red

(bl len

(cl lor

(dl weI

(el puff

(II mum

(gl cow

(hI pink

, 2. Write the last letter for each word.


w

::0

z
a:

(al mo

(bl ma

(cl ba

(dl mil

__

__

=>
a.

__

__

(el bel

(gl bel

(II fla

__

__

(hI seve,

__

__

3. Write a word that ends with each letter.


(al
(cl

. .

(bl

(dl

(II

(hI

(j)

______

(el

_______

(gl

_______

(il
. .

______

. .

. .

_______

. .

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

www.prtm-ed.com

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

_______

_______

_
_
_
_
_
_

_______

1
___

__

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

'.

. . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Middle sounds

Phonics

Answers
1. The following illustrations should be coloured.
(.1 pen bed jet len
Ibl dog mop rock log
(,I car cat hal fan
"I sun duck bus sum
(.1 bin pig pin fin

GJ
GJ
GJ
0
8

English Back To Basics


-

10

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Middle sounds

1. Colour the pictures with the same middle sound. Write the sound
in the box.
(a)

o
(b)
w

::0

z
.....

Q.
:::>
Q.
-

(e)

(d)

(e)

.. .. .. .. .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"
www.prtm-ed.com

.. . .. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

11

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

'

. .

. .

. .

English Back To Basics


-

Middle sounds

Phonics

Answers
1. Teacher check
2. ,-I duck

Ibl nng

" I pm

"I CriSp

,.1 stamp

Ifl rock

,,I kiss

!hI crack

3. ,-I bin
"I

too

" I '"p

Ibl do,

" I -"

,.1 p"

If)

!hI

,..

English Back To Basics


-

12

www.plim-eil.com

Prim-Ed Publishing-

Middle sounds

1. Circle the middle letter of each word. Write the word.


(a) had

(b) did

(c) can

(d) big

(e) bed

(I) and

(g) dad

(h) get

, 2. Write the middle letter for each word.


w

::0

z
.....

(a) d

ck

(b) r

(d) cr

__

ng

__

Q.
:::>
Q.

(c) p

__

(e) st

, (I) r

,mp

_
_

(g) k

:sp

__

ck

__

(h) cr

ss

__

,ck

__

3. Write a word with each middle letter.


(a)
(c)
(e)
(g)

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

__

,i

__

,n,

__

,e,

__

,u,

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

__

(b)
(d)

__

(I)

__

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

www.prtm-ed.com

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

13

"

"

"

__

,a

__

__

__

(h)

__

,o

__

__

,a

__

"

"

"

'

"

__

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

' . . . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links - bl. cl

Phonics

Answers
1. Teacher check
2. (.1 blanket

(bl blind

Ie) blow

3. (.1 clap

(bl club

Ie) cliff

(d) clock

4. Circled words:
(.1 clap
Ibl clock, blink

(01 classroom, clean


"I blue
(.1 black, blonde
(I)

blunt

(,I clown
!hI blank

English Back To Basics

14

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Prim-Ed Publishing-

bl. cl
1. Circle bl in each word.
(a) blob

(b) blue

(c) black

(d) blink

(e) blank

(I) bleed

2. Write bl to finish the words.


(a)

anket

___

(b)

___

l nd

(c)

___

ow

::0

z
.....
-

3. Write cl to finish the words.

a.

(a)
(c)
4.

ap

(b)

iff

(d)

___

___

ub

__

,ock

___

Circle the bl and cl words. Write yes or no.


(a) Can you clap?
(b) Can a clock blink?
(c) Is the classroom clean?
(d) Is the sky blue?
(e) Is your hair black or blonde?

_
_
_
_

(I) Is your pencil blunt?


(g) Is a clown lunny?
(h) Is this page blank?

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

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15

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links - fl. gl

Phonics

Answers
1. Picture order is: flame, float, flag, floor, floll.
2. Picture order is: globe, glove, glow. glass, glue.
3. (.1 fly
(bl flip
(01 floss
1'1 glass
(.1 fl..
(I)

fl.,

English Back To Basics

16

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Prim-Ed Publishing-

fl. gl
1. Circle the fI in each word. Match the word to the picture.

flag

flame

floor

flea

float

2. Circle the gl in each word. Match the word to the picture.

glass

glue

glove

globe

glow

::0

z
.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q. 3. Choose the right word. Draw a picture.

(a) The bird can( fly Ifloat}


(b) I can (flop I flipJ a coin.
(c) l can (floss IglossJmy teeth.
(d) I can drink from a(glove IglassJ.
(e) The page is( flat I gold }
(f) The cat went out the door
(fluff I flap J.
. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

www.prtm-ed.com

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

17

"

"

"

"

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

'.

. . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links - pl. 51

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 play

(b) plane

(01 plant

(d) plank

(b) sleeve

Ie) sling

(d) slide

2. (.1 plant
Ibl plane

(01 plank
"I play

3. (.1 sleep
4. slip, slop. slap
5.

Teacher check

English Back To Basics

18

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Prim-Ed Publishing-

pl. sl
1. Write pi to finish the words.

(al

ay

___

(bl

ane (el

___

ant (dl

___

ank

___

2. Write the missing pi word.

::0
e(
z

(al The green

grows in the garden.

(bl I saw the

high in the sky.

(el The

.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

was made of wood.

(dl I like to

games.

3. Write sl to finish the words.

(al
4.

eep (bl

___

___

eeve (el

___

ing (dl

___

ide

In summer we should

Ip,

op,

___

5.

___

,ap.

___

Draw two friends playing on a slide and a dog sleeping.

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

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19

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links - sw.

tw

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 swan

Ibl swamp

"I swmg

(.1 sweep

2. (.1 twinkle

Ibl twig

"I twenty

(.1 twist

3. (.1 Iweet

(,I sWim

(,I twins

Ibl swmg

English Back To Basics

20

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sw. tw
1. Circle the sw in each word. Write the word under the picture.

sWim
swan
sWing
sweep
swamp

(b)

(a) _--:-

_
_

_
_

(c) _

_
_
_

::0

z
.....

(d)

(e) _

_
_

_
_
_

2. Circle the tw in each word. Write the word under the picture.
\

a..

\.

_ h - - l;;!-

Jr:1:}

twig
twins
twinkle
twenty
twist

(a) _

_
_
_

(c) _

o
(d)

_
_

_
_
_

(e ) _

_
_
_

3. Choose the right word. Draw a picture


;;'-'.

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(a) A bird can (tweet I twist ).


(b) There is a (switchI swing) to play on.
. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

www.prtm-ed.com

. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

21

"

"

"

"

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

' . . . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links

cr. dr

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 crab

(b) crow

(e) crown

(d) cross

(b) dragon

(e) drink

(d) dress

2. (.1 crayon
Ibl

'OY

(,I crack
"I cream

3. (.1 drip

4. Circled words:
(.1 drink
Ibl dream
(,I draw

"I drive
(.1 doy

(Il

J3

drop

Answer to questions will vary.

English Back To Basics


-

22

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Prim-Ed Publishing-

cr. dr
1. Write cr to finish the words.

(a)

ab (b)

__

(c )

ow

___

___

own (d)

___

055

2. Write the missing cr word.

(a) I can draw with a


(b) I will

::0

z
--'

_______

(c) The cup has a

cream

_______

il I am sad.

crack

crayon

_______

Q.
:::>
Q.

(d) I like iee-

cry

_______

3. Write dr to finish the words.

(a)

4.

__

ip

(b)

agon (c)

___

___

ink (d)

___

ess

Circle the dr words. Write yes or no.

(a) Do you drink milk?


(b) Have you had a dream?
(c) Can you draw?
(d) Do you drive a car?
(e) Is your hair dry?
(I)

Can you drop a ball?

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23

English Back To Basics


-

Initial links - tr. sk

Phonics

Answers
1. Pictures match - trumpel, tree, trunk, train, tray
2. ,.1 trap
"I

1"1

Ibl trip

" I trim

,.1 trot

Ifl trick

3. Pictures match - sky, skull, skates, skip, skis


4. (al skin
(bl skid
leI skunk
5.

Teachercheck

English Back To Basics

24

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Prim-Ed Publishing-

tr. sk
1. Circle the tr in each word. Match the word to the picture.

tree

train

tray

trumpet

trunk

I
2. Write tr to finish the words.

(a)
w

::0

(d)

ap

(b)

(e)

___

__

lip

(c)

,ot

(I)

___

___

1m

___

___

ick

== 3. Circle the sk in each word. Match the word to the picture.

Q.
:::>
Q.

skip

4.

skis

skull

skates

Write the missing word.

(a) My

_____

(b) The car did a

(c) A
5.

sky

Ieels cold.

_____

______

skid
skunk

is an animal.

skin

Draw two girls skipping next to a skinny tree.

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25

English

Back To Basics

Initial links - sp. st

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 spider
"I spot
2. (.1 siring
"I slem

Ibl speak

(,I spoon

(.1 spill
Ibl stew

(,I street

(.1 star

3. Circled words:
(el spider, spell
(bl stick, splash

leI stone, stay. still


(dl stew, steak

leI stop. step

Answers will vary.

English Back To Basics

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sp. st
1. Circle the sp in each word. Write the word under the picture.
=

spot
spoon
spider
spill
speak

<
::;
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

(b)

(a)
(c)

(e)

(d)

------

2. Circle the st in each word. Write the word under the

stem
stew
star
string
street

.. -

(b)

(a)

(c)
(d)

_
_

(e)

_
_
_
_

3. Circle the sp and st words. Write yes or no.

(a) Can a spider spell?


(b) Can a stick make a splash?

(c) Can a stone stay still?


(d) Do you eat stew and steak?
(e) Can you stop on a step?
. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

PrIm-Ed Publlshlll!J"

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

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. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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"

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"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

'.

. . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Final links

nt. ft

Phonics

Answers
1. 1.1 sent

Ibl rent

1,1 cent

'"

dent

1.1 tent

Ifl bent

1"

vent

!hI lent

2. 1.1 lent
Ibl sent
1,1 dent
'"

went

1.1 rent
3. 1.1 I.ft

1'1 lift

1,1 .oft

1'1 sift

1.1 "ft

III craft

1"

drift

Ihi swift

4. 1.1 faft, drift

Il

1'1 I.ft
1,1 lift, soft
1'1 craft
Answers to questions will vary.

English Back To Basics


-

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nt. ft
1. Finish the words so they all rhyme with

(a)se
(e)te

_
_
_

_
_
_

(b)

re

(I)

be

(c) ce

_
_
_

(g)

__

ve,

went.

_
_
_

_
_
_

(d) de,
(h) le

__

__

2. Use a word with nt to finish the sentence.

(a) We slept in a

______..

(b) I

::0

a letter.
in its door.

(c) The car had a

.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

to the shop.

(d) She
(e) He had to pay the

..

_____

3. Write ft to end each word.

(a) le

_
_
_

(e) ra

_
_
_

4.

(b)

li

(I)

cra,

__

_
_
_

(c) so,
(g)

_
_
_

dri

_
_
_

(d) si,

_
_
_

(h) swi

_
_
_

Put a line under the ft words. Write yes or no.

(a) Can a raft drift?


(b) Do you draw with your left hand?

_
_
_
_

(c) Can you lift a soft toy?


(d) Do you like art and craft?

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English Back To Basics


-

Final links - st. It. pt

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 best

Ibl rest

(,I nest

"I lest

(.1 last

Ifl mast

(,I fest

!hI billst

2. (.1 first
Ibl must
3. (.1 belt

Ibl

melt

(,I

felt

"I

bolt

4. (.1 kept

Ibl

wept

(,I

crept

"I

slept

5.

(.1 rest, slept


Ibl melt
(,I kept. belt

"I crept. nest


Teacher check drawings.

J3

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st. It. pt
1. Write st to finish the rhyming words.

(a) be

(b) re,

(e) la

(f) ma

_
_
_

_
_
_

(c) ne

_
_
_

fa

(g)

_
_
_

(d) te,

_
_
_

__

(h) bla

__

__

2. Choose the right word.

(a) He came ( first I lost ) in the race.


(b) She ( just Imust ) sit down.

::0 3. Write It to finish the words.

(a) be

.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

(b) me

_
_
_

4.

(d) bo

_
_
_

__

Write pt to finish the words.

(a) ke
5.

(c) fe

_
_
_

(b) we,

_
_
_

(d) sle

(c) cre

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

Put a line under the words that end in st, It or pt. Draw a picture,

(a) I had a rest when I slept on the sofa.


(b) The ice-cream will melt in the sun.
(c) He kept the belt on the chair,
(d) He crept over to see the nest.
. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

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. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

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. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

"

"

"

31

"

"

"

"

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

' . . . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Final links - nd. Id

Phonics

Answers
1. Rhyming words are circled.

q,end
)

kind

pond

2. Rhyming words are circled.

@9

3. 1.1 send

@
@0

band

held

Ibl gold

101 cold
Idl find

1.1 lold
til

band

1,1 kind
Ihl hold

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nd. ld
1. Write nd to finish the words. Circle the words that rhyme.
end

be

ki

po

se

---

ba

_
_
_

_
_
_

me

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

le.

_
_
_

2. Write Id to finish the words. Put a tick next to the words that
rhyme.
cold

go

10

he

.....

so

to

bo

ho

::0

z
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

3. Colour the right word.

(a) Did she [send [bend) the letter?


(b) My mum has a [ sold [ gold) ring.
(c) My hands leel[cold [bold ) .
(d) I wantto[ find [mind)the lost dog,
(e) He [ lold [ told ) her to sit down.
(I) The [sand

[ band) played a song.

(g) The teacher is [kind [mind ) .


(h) l can[hold [sold )the cup.
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English Back To Basics


-

Final links

mp. Ik

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 camp

Ibl ramp

(,I bump

"I lump

(.1 lamp

Ifl stamp

(,I dump

!hI lump

2. Circled words:
(.1 slamp
Ibl camp
(,I Jump
"I lump
(.1 damp
(II

lamp

Answers to questions will vary.


3. milk, walk
4. (.1 talk

Ibl sulk

(,I hulk

"I bulk

(.1 milk

Ifl walk

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English Back To Basics


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mp. lk
1. Write mp to finish the words.

(a) ca,
(e) la

(b) ra,

(c) bu,

_
_
_

_
_
_

(g) du,

(f) sta

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

__

(d) lu,

__

(h) ju,

__

2. Circle the mp words. Write yes or no.

(a) Can you stamp your foot?


(b) Have you been on a camp?
w

(c) Can you jump high?

::0

z
--'

(d) Is there a lump on your nose?

Q.
:::>
Q.

_
_
_
_

(e) Is your hair damp?


(f) Can you turn on a lamp?

3. Circle the Ik words, Draw a picture,

I like to drink milk.

I can walk to school.

4.

Write Ik to finish the words,

(a)ta

_
_
_

(d) bu

__

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(b) su

_
_
_

(e) mi,

_
_
_

35

(c) hu,

_
_
_

(f) wa,

_
_
_

English Back To Basics


-

Final links - nk. sk

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 lank

Ibl wink

"I I ink

(.1 bank

2. (.1 rink

(,I sink

Ibl pink
(,I sank
3. (.1 lusk
"I desk

Ibl dusk

(,I mask

(.1 nk

4. (.1 rusk
Ibl desk

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nk. sk
1. Circle the nk in each word. Write the word under the

(b)

(e)

z
.....

_
_

_
_
_
_

2. Choose the right word. Draw a picture.


;.-

(a) I like to skate at the iee [ rink I ink ) .

--,

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

Q.
:::>
Q.

(b) The dress is[drink I pinkJ.


(e) The small boat[sank IblankJ.
3. Circle the sk in each word. Write the word under the picture.
0

mask
desk
tusk
ask
dusk
4.

(a)

(b) _--=-::::=--.
(e)
(e)

(d)

_
_
_
_

Choose the right word. Draw a picture.


/-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(a) The baby had a [ rusk I tusk Jto eat.


(b) She sat at the [ task IdeskJ.
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English Back To Basics


-

Final links

ft. II.

Phonics

55

Answers
1.

hill

fill

fall

hall

will

still

call

tall

bill

pill

ball

small

2. (.1 "ff
"I

',ff

3. (.1 boss
"I loss

Ibl h,ff

(,I p,ff

(.1 stuff

Ifl scruff

1'1 cross

1,1 toss

1.1 floss

III moss

4. Teacher check
5.

(.1 full
Ibl loss

(,I cross
"I stuff

J3

(.1 hill, puff

English Back To Basics


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ft. II. ss

1. Write /I to finish the rhyming words.

hi

__
__
_

WI

bi
ff to

Q.

fa

_ _
__
_

ha

_
_
__
_

_
_
__
_

sti _

ca, _

ta,_

pi

ba

sma

__
_

finish the rhyming words.

(a) cu_

(b) hu

(d) flu

(e) stUI_

__
_

fi

2. Write

::;

r-------

(C)pUI_

__

__
_

(f) scru

__
_

_
_
__
_

3. Write ss to finish the rhyming words.

i?

4.

(a) bo

(b) cro,_

(c)to

(d) 10

(e) flo

(f) mo

__
_

__

_
_
__
_

_
_
__
_

Read and draw.


A small doll with a red dress.

5.

_
_
__
_

A wolf who can huff and puff,

Choose the right word.

(a) The glass is[ full I fall ].


(b) He will[ fuss I toss]the ball.

(c) The teacher is [cross I floss].

(d) There is[ stiff I stuff] on the bed.


(e) I can walk up a[still I hill land not [ puff I off ].
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39

English Back To Basics


-

Digraphs - ch

Phonics

Answers
1. Teacher check
2. (.1 bunch

Ibl branch

(,I pinch

3. (.1 such
Ibl chop

(,I rich
"I chick
(.1 chair

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1. Circle the ch sound. Draw a picture for the word.

chip

chin

chop

rich

chat

chair

bench

church

::0

z
.....
-

Q.

i? 2. Write the word that rhymes.

lunch

(a) b

ranch

_
_
_
_
_

(b)

finch

(c) p

bl

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

3. Choose the right word.

(a) It was(such Imuch) a nice day.

(b) He can (chip I chop) the wood.

(c) The ( rich I chin ) man had a new car.


(d) The small (chickl chat) is yellow.
(e) I will sit on my (c himpI chair).

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

. .

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. .

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. .

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. .

. .

. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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41

"

"

"

"

"

"

'

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

' . . . . . . . .

English Back To Basics


-

Digraphs - sh

Phonics

Answers
1. (.1 shed

Ibl ship

(,I fi,h

(dl fash

2. (.1 ,h.

Ibl shin

(,I shut

(dl shop

3. Teacher check
4. (.1 cash
Ibl

ush

(,I shed
"I fi,h
(.1 ship
10

wish

Answe to questions will vary.

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1. Write sh to finish the words. Draw a picture.


(a)

ed

(c) fi

Ip

(b)

(d) ra

2. Write the sh word that rhymes.


w

::0

z
.....

(a) he

(b) bin

(c) but

(d) hop

Q.
:::>
Q.

3. Read and draw.


She went to the shop. It was shut.

4.

He had a gash on his shin.

Circle the sh words. Write yes or no.


(a) Do you have lots of cash?
(b) Are you always in a rush?
(c) Does your house have a shed?

_
_
_
_
_

(d) Do you like to eat fish?


(e) Have you been on a ship?
(f) Can you make a wish?
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-

Digraphs - th

Phonics

TEACHER INFORMATION
As the locus of this page is spelling, both pronunciations of the digraph th have been
included and not differentiated; for example: thin (unvoiced), that lvoiced). Some
teachers may wish 10 discuss Ihis difference with their students.
Answers
1. Picture order is: moth, thumb, thin, bath.
2. (.1 Ih.

(b) that

I them

(dl thing

(.1 thick

(II with

(,I both

Ihl path

three

Ii) teeth

1'1 think

(II than

(b) that

1<1 think

1'1 three

iii

3. (.1 thick
4. (.1 bath
(bl thank

I throw
(dl moth

J3

(.1 think, three


(I)

thaw

Answers to the questions will vary.

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1. Circle the th sound. Write the word under the picture.

bath

moth

th

to finish the word.

2. Write
w

thin

::0

(a)

(b)

.....

(e)

iek

(I) WI

(g) bo

(i)

ree

(j) tee

(k)

z
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

3. Write the

th

at

(c)

thumb

em

mg

(d)

(h) pa
ink

(I)

an

word that rhymes.


,

(a) brick

(b) hat

(c) pink

(d) tree

that
4.

think

three

thick

Circle the th words, Write yes or no,


(a) Have you ever had a bath?
(b) Do you say thank you?
(c) Can you throw a ball?
(d) Can a moth draw?
(e) Can you think 01 three words?

(I) Can ice thaw?


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-

"tJ
C
"tJ

Look. say. cover. write. check

.,

l>
:;:

am

go

if

IS

it

me

my

of

on

to

up

we

at

In

no

and

big

bed

cat

English -Back To Basics

46

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Look. say. cover. write. check

can

car

day

did

end

had

has

sit

the

top

::0

z
--'
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

see

was

wet

yes

you

look

dog

get

mum

dad

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47

Eng/ish

Back To Basics

Finding words

Spelling and word srudy

Answers
1. it. is, it
2. and, bed, did, end, had
3. can, car, day, had, has, was
4. (.1 Is the desk red?
Ibl Can you read a book?
(,I She has II new pencil.
"I Can you see the sun?
(.1 He was six years old.
,.

Answers will vary.

6.

(.1

...

Ibl h.d

(d) my

(,I to, you

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Finding words
1. Write the words that begin with i.

2. Write the words that end with

d.

3. Write the words that have a in the middle.


w

::0

z
--'

and

bed

can

car

day

did

end

had

has

if

is

it

my

see

the

to

was

you

Q.
:::>
Q.

4.

Which word is not spelt correctly? Circle it. Write the word
correctly.
(a) Is th desk red?

(b) Can yu read a book?


(c) She haz a new pencil,
(d) Can you seee the sun?

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(e) He wos six years old.


5.

Use three list words in a sentence,

6.

Write a list word that rhymes with:


(a) be

(b) bad

(c) do

(d) sky

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English Back To Basics


-

Words in words

Spelling and word srudy

Answers
1. (.1

"

(.1 h.
iii

h.

2. (.1 ,,'

Ibl

"

(,I

"

"I

III

"

(,I

"

!hI w.

;,

(i) do
Ibl bot

(e) sat

(d) fat

(,I spm

(d) pink

(e) band

(d) stand

Teacher check pictures.


3. (.1 bin

Ibl wm

Teacher check pictures.


4. (.1

""

Ibl too

Teacher check pictures.

Eng/ish - Back To Basics

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Words in words
1. Write the small word in each word.

(a) and

(b) can

(c) has

(d) sit

(e) the

(I) top

(g) was

(h) wet

(i) she

(j)

dog

::0 2. Add at to finish each word. Draw a picture.

z
.....

(a) e

Q.
:::>
Q.

(b) b

_
_
_

__

, (d) 1

(e) s.

__

_
_
_

3. Add in to finish each word, Draw a picture,


(a) b

(e) sp
4.

(b) w

__

(d) p

_
_
_

__

__

,k

Add an to finish each word, Draw a picture,


(b) 1

(a) r

__

_
_
_

(e) b

(d) st.

,d

__

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__

English Back To Basics


-

Alphabetical order

Spelling and word srudy

Answers
1. lal am
(bl and
leI bed
Id) on
(a) big
2. (al can, has, 10

U,2,3)

(b) end, me, yes

(1,3,2)

Ie) had, my, you

12, 1,3)

(d) of, sit, top

(3,1,2)

3. Answe will vary.

Eng/ish Back To Basics

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Alphabetical order

------1 a b c d e f

. \<. l m n o
9 h. l J

o, r s t u v w x y Z

1. Look at the first letter of each word. Circle the word that comes
first alphabetical/y.

[ am
(b) [ go
(c) [ did
(d) [ was
(e) [ if
(a )

::0

z
.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

big

car

day

it

up

and

bed

see

the

we

on

wet

big

1
1
1
1
1

IS

2. For each line, look at the first letter of each word. Write t 2, 3 to
show the order.
(a) can
(b) end
(c) my
(d) top

D
D
D
D

has
yes
had
of

D
D
D
D

to
me
you
sit

D
D
D
D

3. (a) Write your first name.

(b) Put a circle around the letter that comes first in the alphabet.

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53

English Back To Basics


-

Rhyming words

Spelling and word srudy

Answers
1. (.1 and: hand, band, land, sand
Ibl car: star, jaf, faf, tar
(01 end: bend, lend, send, mend
"I me: see, be, he, she, we
(.1 sit: lit, fit, bit, hit, pit
(Il

day: say, may, lay, ray, bay

(,I lop: hop, flop, mop. pop


!hI can: fan, ran, man, vlln
(il

wet: set, mel, get, jet. let

look:book,look,cook,hook

2. Possible answers include:


(.1 bed: red, led, fed, wed

J3

Ibl big: dig, fig, jig. pig, rig, wig


(01 up: cup, pup
"I I: by, cry. my, tie, pia

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Rhyming words
1. Circle the words that rhyme.

[ and hand
(b) [ car
star
(c) [ end
bend
(d) [ me I see
(e) [ sit
sat
say
(I) [ day
(a)

::0

z
.....
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

(g)

top

hop

[ can I Ian
set
( i ) [ wet
I
like
(j) [ look
I

(h)

band

land

yes

sand

can

lar

lar

tar

lend

and

send

mend

be

by

he

she

we

lit

fit

bit

hit

pit

may

lay

ray

dad

bay

tip

flop

mop

pop

tap

run

ran

man

pm

van

met

meet

get

jet

let

book

took

cook

hook

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2. Write a word that rhymes with each.


(a) bed
(b) big
(c) up
(d) l

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Opposites

Spelling and word srudy

TEACHER INFORMATION
Alltonyms are words that are opposite in meaning. Antonyms can add a contrast in
description or feeling. Many words take 8 prefix to create an antonym; e.g. happy
unhappy
Answers
1. (.1 small

big

1'1 night

d.,

(01 slart

"d

1'1 slop

"

(.1

'ff

"

(II

sland

sit

(,I bottom

to,

(hI down

"'

iii

d'Y

wot

iii

"'

,..

J3

2. Teacher check
3. Teach&f check

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Opposites
1. Write the word that is opposite.

top

(a) small

end

(b) night
______ yes

(c) start

< up

(i) dry
(j) no

< Sit >

2. Draw a picture of two opposite words.

3. Draw a big dog and a small cat.

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-

Homophones

Spelling and word srudy

TEACHER INFORMATION
Homophones are words that sound the same but have differant meanings; e.g. caroBI

- serial. know - no, feat -Ieel, stare - stair


Homographs are words that are spelt the same, have different meanings and may or

may nol sound the same.


Examples:

bow (rhymes with cowa verb meaning 10 bend the body as a sign of respect
bow (rhymes with low}-a noun meaning 8 looped knot
fair-a noun moaning a group of sideshows
fair-an adjective meaning nol cloudy.
Answers

1. (.1 b,

(bl boo

2. (.1 ,oo

(bl

3. (.1

(bl tw,

10

,.

4. (.1 to<

Ibl four

5.

(.1 "d

Ibl read

6.

(.1

Ibl woo

'"

J3

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Words that sound the same


Some words sound the same. Choose one sentence and draw a
. picture.
.

1. Write be or bee.
(a) I can
(b) A

____

____

the best.

can buzz.

2. Write sea or see.


(a) I can

my dog.

::0

(b) I can swim in the

.....
-

Q.
=>
Q.

3. Write

to

or two.

(a) He is going
the shop.
(b) She has
4.

Write

___

legs.

fo r or fo ur.

(a) I can get it

you.

(b) My dog has


5.

legs.

Write red or read.


(a) I can draw a

ball.

(b) She
6.

the book to me.

Write one or won.


(a) I have
(bl l

___

___

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Capital letters - sentences

Punctuation

TEACHER INFORMATION
A capital letter is used:

to start II sentence; e.g. She is here today.

forthe pronoun I, including I'm, I've, l'Il and I'd

as the first letter of a proper noun; e.g. Ireland, Thomas, Pacific Ocean

to start direct speech: e.g. 1 said, 'She is here today'.

for the initial letter and proper nouns in tilles of books, films etc.; e.g. Black
Beauty, Finding Nomo.

Prim-Ed Publishing'"' employs minimal capitalisation for titles of books end other
publications, as recommended by the Style manual for lIuthors, editors and pr;ntofS,
sixth edition, 2002.
Answers
1. (.1 I am on the bed.
Ibl The car is red.

(01 Look lit the dog.


"I My cat is black.
(.1 I can see my mum.
(Il

II is the end of the day.

(,I She went 10 the play.


!hI My dad is big.
iii

He can draw a green bell.

The shop is shut.

Ikl We are going to the park.

III This is lor you.


2. Teacher check

3. Teacher check

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Capital letters - sentences


.

i(

A sentence starts with a capital letter.

----------------------

1. Read each sentence. Use a


red pencil to show where the
capital letter should be.

2. Draw four pictures. Match


one sentence to each picture.

(a) i am on the bed.

::0

z
--'
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

(b) the car is red.


(c) look at the dog.
(d) my cat is black.
(e) i can see my mum.
(f) it is the end of the day.
(g) she went to the play.
(h) my dad is big.
(i) he can draw a green ball.
(j) the shop is shut.
(k) we are going to the park.

(I) this is for you.

3. Write a sentence about yourself. Use a capital letter.

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Capital letters - names

Punctuation

TEACHER INFORMATION
A capitallettflf is used:

to start II sentence; e.g. She is here today.

forthe pronoun I, including I'm, I've, l'Il and I'd

as the first letter of a proper noun; e.g. Ireland, Thomas, Pacific Ocean

to start direct speech: e.g. 1 said, 'She is here today'.

for the inilial letter and proper nouns in tilles of books, films etc.; e.g. Black
Beauty, Finding Nomo.

Prim-Ed Publishing'"' employs minimal capitalisation for titles of books and other
publications, as recommended by the Style manual for authors, editors and pr;rltflfS,
sixth edition, 2002.
Answers
1. lal I sit next to Ben.
(bl I like to play with Sam.

(el My dad's name is Mark.


(dl My teacher is Miss Smith.
leI I live on West Street.
II)

We live in Canada.

(9) Today is Monday.


(hI Her name is Kata.
iii

Our school is Parkwood Primary.

iii

My sisters are Molly and Amy.

(kl Her brother is Jack.


III

Alex is six year.; old.

2. Teacher check

3. Teachercheck

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Capital letters - names

i(

A name needs a capital letter.

----------------------

(I) alex is six years old.

1. Use a red pencil to show


where the capital letters
should be.
(a) I sit next to ben.

::0

(b) I like to play with sam.

.....
-

Q.

i?

(c) My dad's name is mark.


(d) My teacher is miss smith.
(e) I live on west street.
(I) We live in canada.
(g) Today is monday.
(h) Her name is kate.
(i) Our school is parkwood
primary.

(j) My sisters are molly and amy.


(k) Her brother is jack.

2. Draw four pictures. Match a sentence to each picture.


3. Write your name. Use capital letters.
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Full stops

Punctuation

TEACHER INFORMATION
A lull stop (

. ) is used:

to show the end of a slatement; e.g. She went to school.

for abbreviations when the first part 01 the ward is used; e.g. Feb., Capt.
Answers
1. (.) My dog can bark.
(b) I can see 8 star.
(0) She is going to the park.
(d) He has a big dog.
(.) I like milk.
10

The grass is green.

(, ) Her name is Lisa.

(hi Today is Friday.


(i) I live on Falls Road.
HI

We have a cat lind dog.

(I)

My hair is brown.

J3

(k) She had to go to the shop.

2. Teacher check
3. Teacher check

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Full stops
.

i(

A sentence ends with a full stop.

----------------------

1. Read the sentences. Put in


the full stops.

2. Draw four pictures. Match


one sentence to each picture.

(a) My dog can bark


(b) I can see a star
(c) She is going to the park
w

::0

z
--'

(d) He has a big dog


(e) I like milk

Q.
:::>
Q.

(I) The grass is green


(g) Her name is Lisa
(h) Today is Friday
(i) I live on Falls Road
(j) We have a cat and dog

(k) She had to go to the shop

(I) My hair is brown


3. Write a sentence. Use a full stop.

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Question marks

Punctuation

TEACHER INFORMATION
A question mark! ? I is used:

allhe end ola sentence that asks 8 question; e.g. How are you?
in direct and reported speech where 8 question is asked; e.g. 'How are you?'
she asked.
Answers
1. (.1 Is the sky blue?
1'1 Can you see the sky?
(01 Is today Monday?
1'1 Did you go 10 the shop?
(.1 Do you like to draw?
(II

Do you have a pink ball?

(,I Is your name Oliver?


(hI Is the grass green?
iii

Can you ride a bike?

iii

Is the cat fal?

J3

1'1 Do you have ten toes?


III

Is she your Mum?

2. Answers will vary.


3. Teacher check

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Question marks
A question mark (?) is used when a question is asked.

1. Read the sentences. Put in


the question marks.

2. Write an answer to the


questions.

(a) Is the sky blue

(a) How old are you?

(b) Can you see the sky


(c) Is today Monday
w

::0

z
--'

(b) What number is next?

(d) Did you go to the shop

5, 6, 7, 8,

(e) Do you like to draw

_
_
_

(c) Do you have a sister?

Q.
:::>
Q.

(f) Do you have a pink ball


(g) Is your name Oliver

(d) What colour do you like?

(h) Is the grass green


(i) Can you ride a bike

(e) What day is it?

(j) Is the cal lat


(k) Do you have ten toes

(f) What food do you like?

(I) Is she your mum

3. Write a question. Use a question mark.

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Editing

Punctuation

Answers
1. (.1 My name is James.
Ibl On Sunday I will go to the park.
(01 Jess sits next to Dan.
"I I like the bike MaK has.
(.1 We live at 9 Lake Street.
(Il

Miss Van read II book.

2. (.1 I like to play with my dog.


Ibl Can you sit on a bed?
(01 Did you see the grey cat?
"I My mum has a red car.

(.1 I have two hends.

III

Can you seethe big ball?

3. (.1 Can you ask Jack to play?

J3

Ibl My brother, Aden, is len.


(01 The dog's name is Rocky.
"I Did you talk to Molly?

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Editing
1. Use a red pencil to show where the capital letters should be.
(a) my name is james.
(b) on sunday i will go to the park.
(c) jess sits next to dan.
(d) i like the bike max has.
(e) we live at 9 lake street.
w

::0

z
--'
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

(f) miss yan read a book.

2. Use a full stop or a question mark.


(a) I like to play with my dog
(b) Can you sit on a bed
(c) Did you see the grey cat
(d) My mum has a red car
(e) I have two hands
(f) Can you see the big ball

3. Use a red pencil to correct the sentences. You will need to


add capital letters, full stops and question marks.
(a) can you ask jack to play
(b) my brother, aden, is ten
(c) the dog's name is rocky
(d) did you talk to molly
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Nouns

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
Nouns are naming words. They name people, places, things and ideas.
Common nouns are words naming general rather than particular things; lI.g.
apple, river, table, colour.
Proper nourls name specific people and things and use a capital letter;

o.g. England, Luke.


Collective nouns name a group of people, animals or things; e.g. class, herd.
Abstract nouns name an idea, concept or quality; e.g. love, danger, youth, pain.
Nouns are often identified by the placemenl of B, an, the or somll in front of the word.
Answers
1. (.1 b.d

(bl ,,'

(,I do,

1'1 oranges

(.1 pencil

(II cake

(,I S.m

(hI baby

(i) books

iii tree

1'1 chair

(II bird

2. Teacher check

J3

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Naming words
1. Put a circle around the words that name a person, place or
thing.

(a) This is a bed.

(b) The cat is black.

(c) The dog is big.

(d) I like oranges.

(e) My pencil is blue.

(I) This is a cake.

(g) Sam is six.

(h) The baby sleeps.

(i) I like books.

(j) I can draw a tree.

(k) The chair is red.

(I) I can see a bird.

::0

z
--'
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

2. (a) Draw two animals.

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(b) Draw two things you play with.

71

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-

Verbs

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
A IIfub is 8 word or group 01 words that names an aclion or stale of being. Verbs are

often called 'doing words'; e.g. read, walks, speak, has broken, ate, will type.
Verbs can indicate lense, voice, mood, number and parson.
Answers
1. (.1 sit

(bl sleep

(,I

1'1 draw

(.1 drink

(f) ...

(,I

'""

(hI read

Ii) sWim

iii

watch

1'1 walk

(f) throw

2. Teacher check

. .

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Doing words
1. Circle the doing word.

(a) I sit at my desk.

(b) I sleep in my bed.

(c) I see a tree.

(d) I can draw.

(e) I drink milk.

(I) I eat apples.

(g) I can run fast.

(h) I can read.

(i) I like to swim.

(j) I watch television.

(k) I walk to school.

(I) I can throw a ball.

::0

z
--'
-

Q.
:::>
Q.

2. (a) Draw one thing you do in the

(b) Draw one thing you do at night.


Write the doing word.

day. Write the doing word.

______

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-------

,.

English -Back To Basics

Adjectives

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
An adjectivB is a word that describes or gives more information about a noun or
pronoun; e.g. pretty. thin, tall, delicious. It qualifies the word it describes by making
it more specific; e.g. the fed dress-the adjective fed specifies the colour of the
noun dress. Adjectives can toll about the colour, size, numbar, classification or
quality of a noun or pronoun. They can come before or after the noun and usually
after the pronoun; e.g. the beautiful bird, The bird is beautiful. II is beautiful.
There IIrll threl lonns of adjectives: sbsoluto (e.g. smell), comparative (a.g. smaller),
superlative (e.g. smallest).
Answers
1. tree: green, shady, big. tall
2. bell: round, soft, bouncy
3. sludent: smart, kind, pretty. small
4. apple: tasty, red, crisp, juicy
5.

aeroplane: big, loud, heavy, fast

6.

Teachercheck

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Describing words
Colour the words that can tell about the picture.

1.

2.

green
tall

round
games

ten

white

play

ouncyr

shady

soft

i' bat

big

::0

z
== 3.
Q.
:::>
Q.

small

4.

me r

tasty

smart r

pretty

CIiSp

like

kind r
you

5.

red

IUICY

6.

big
loud

ag

Draw your favourite animal.


Write words to describe it.

sky
fast
heavy r

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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'-

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

75

--::
-::-:--:-:
-:-:.L
. . ..

_
_
_
_
_

E
nglish - Back T
o Basics

Writing sentences - word order

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on ils own. II must havD a finite

verb (a verb with a subject), a capital letter at the start, and end in a full stop.
question mark or exclamation mark.
Answers
1. (.1 I can see the door.
1'1 My mum has a fed car.
(01 I saw a big dog.
1'1 She has two books.
(.1 My dad is kind.
(II

Can you ride a bike?

(,I I like my black dog.

(hI Can we go 10 the park?


iii

He has one nOS8 and two feel.

I will buy a ball at the shop.

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Writing sentences - word order


1. Write the sentence so it makes sense.
(a) I can see door. the
o

(b) My mum has red car. a

, . 1
"" J':;11
. ,

(c) I saw dog. a big

',- .

",,,'

::0

z
.....
-

(d) She two books. has

Q.
:::>
Q.

(e) My kind. dad is


,

(f) Can ride you a bike?

(g) like I my black dog.

(h) we go to Can the park?

(i) He has one feel. and two nose

(j) shop. the at ball a buy will i

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Finishing sentences

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on ils own. II must have e finite

verb (a verb with a subject), a capital letter at the start, and end in a full stop.
question mark or exclamation mark.
Answers
1. Sentences will vary.

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Finishing sentences
1. Finish each sentence so it makes sense.
(a) l like to

,.

_______

(b) It is fun when


(c) Today I wili

,.

______

(d) My teacher is
(e) I do not like
w

::0

z
--'

(f) At night, I
go to bed.

,.

______

,.

______

_______,.

______

before I

Q.
:::>
Q.

(g) Jack and Ben


(h) I am good at
(i) I eat

,.

_______

______

_______

(j) On Sunday, 1
(k) I am good at

(I) I like to

for breakfast.
.

______

______

______

after

school.

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.Joining sentences - conjunctions

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
A conjunctiorl is II word (or words) that connects words, phrases, clauses and

sentences; e.g. and, but, because, so, thaI.

Conjunctions used 10 join sanlences of equal importance are called


coordinating conjunctions; e.g. l like apples and oranges. They include and,
but, for, yet, or, liS well as, both, so, therefore and nOf.
Conjunctions used 10 join clauses are called subordinating conjunctions; e.g.
She was happy because I arrived. They include because, before, if, while,
until, like, though, allhough, unless, as, since, whare, whenever, wherever.
Answers

1. (e) I can run lind jump.


(b) I can talk and walk.
Ie) He can read and write.
(d) The cllr is red and lasl.

2. (a) I can see the moon but not the sun.


Ib) I like apples but not oranges.
Ie) I can write a sentence but not a book.
Id) I have two sisters but no brothers.
3. la) I am tired and I need a sleep.
Ib) I leel sad but I am not crying.
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.Joining sentences
1. Use and to join the sentences.
(a) I can run. I can jump.

I can run

(b) I can talk. I can walk.

I can talk

(c) He can read. He can write.

He can read

(d) The car is red. The car is last.

The car is red

______

jump.

_____

walk.

______

write.

_____

fast.

2. Use but to join the sentences.


(a) I can see the moon. I can't see the sun.

::0

z
--'

I can see the moon

Q.
:::>
Q.

______

notthe sun.

(b) I like apples. I don't like oranges.

I like apples

_____

not oranges.

(c) I can write a sentence. I can't write a book.

I can write a sentence

______

not a book.

(d) I have two sisters. I don't have a brother.

I have two sisters

______

no brothers.

3. Use and or but to join the sentences.


(a) I am tired. I need a sleep.

I am tired

_____

1 need a sleep.

(b) I feel sad. I am not crying.

I feel sad
4.

_____

1 am not crying.

On the back of this sheet draw a food you like and a food you
don't like.

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Writing sentences

Grammar

TEACHER INFORMATION
A sentence is a group of words that makes sense on ils own. II must have e finite

verb (a verb with a subject), a capital letter at the start, and end in a full stop.
question mark or exclamation mark.
Answers
1. Sentences will vary.

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Writing sentences
1. Write a sentence. Check if it makes sense. Use a capital letter
and full stop.
(a) What did you have for dinner last night?
I had

______

for dinner.

(b) What are you wearing?


l am
w

::0

z
--'

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

(c) What animals do you like?


1

-------

Q.
:::>
Q.

(d) How many fingers and toes do you have?

(e) What do you like to do on Sunday?

(f) What is your favourite toy?

(g) What sport do you like?

(h) What is your teacher's name?


My
PrIm-Ed Publishlrog"

_
__
_
__
_
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
__
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