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Rowan University: General Chemistry I,

Practice Problems for Test 2

1. Which chemical equation is balanced?


a.
b.
c.
d.

UO2(s)
UO2(s)
UO2 (s)
UO2(s)

+
+
+
+

2HF(l)
4HF(l)
H4F4(l)
4HF(l)

UF4(s) +
UF4(s) +
UF4 (s) +
UF4(s) +

H2O(l)
2H2O(l)
H2O(l)
4H2O(l)

2. The chemical equation below in not balanced. When balanced, how many moles of BF3 will be
produced from 3 mol of B2O3? the following equation:
B2O3(s) + HF(l)
a.
b.
c.
d.

BF3(g) + H2O(l)

1 mol
3 mol
6 mol
9 mol

3. Ammonia is produced using the Haber process in which nitrogen and hydrogen combine.
N2(g) + 3H2(g)

2NH3(g)

How many grams of nitrogen are needed to produce 325 grams of ammonia?
a. 1070 g
b. 535 g
c. 267 g
d. 178 g
4. Consider the balanced equation for the combustion of propane, C3H8
C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(l)
If propane reacts with oxygen as above
What is the limiting reagent in a mixture containing 5.00 g of C3H8 and 20.0 g of O2?
a.
b.
c.
d.

C3H8
O2
CO2
H2O

5. A reaction involves the following two steps.

2Cu2S (s) + 3O2 (g) 2Cu2O (s) + 2SO2 (g)


Cu2O (s) + C (s) 2Cu (s) + CO (g)
What is the overall reaction?

a. 2Cu2S (s) + 3O2 (g) 2Cu2O (s) + 2SO2 (g)

b. Cu2O (s) + C (s) 2Cu (s) + CO (g)


c. 2Cu2S (s) + 3O2 (g) + 2C (s) 2SO2 (g) + 4Cu (s) + 2CO (g)
d. 2Cu2S (s) + 3O2 (g) + 2 Cu2O (s) + 2C (s) 2 Cu2O (s) 2SO2 (g) + 4Cu (s) + 2CO (g)
6. Hydroxylamine nitrate contains 29.17 mass % N, 4.20 mass % H, and 66.63 mass % O.

Determine its empirical formula.


a. HNO
b. H2NO2
c. HN6O16
d. H2NO3
7. Balance the following equation for the combustion of butane, a hydrocarbon used in gas
lighters:
C4H10(g) + O2(g) CO2(g) + H2O(l)
2C4H10(g)
C4H10(g)
C4H10(g)
2C4H10(g)

a.
b.
c.
d.

+
+
+
+

4O2(g) 8CO2(g)
13O2(g) 4CO2(g)
O2(g) 8CO2(g) +
13O2(g) 8CO2(g)

+ 10H2O(l)
+ 5H2O(l)
5H2O(l)
+ 10H2O(l)

8. What volume of 3.0 M NaOH can be prepared using exactly 96.0 g of NaOH?
a.
b.
c.
d.

0.14 L
0.70 L
0.80 L
1.25 L

9. When Cu(NO3)2 is dissolved in water, it dissociates into copper (II) cations and nitrate
anions as shown below:
Cu(NO3)2 (s) Cu2+ (aq) + 2NO3- (aq)
How many moles of nitrates ions will be formed from 1.0 mol of copper (II) nitrate?
a. 0.50 mol
b. 1.0 mol
c. 1.5 mol
d. 2.0 mol
10. What is the molarity of an aqueous solution that contains 0.715 mol of glycine
(H2NCH2COOH) in 495 mL?
a. 0.715 M glycine
b. 1.44 M glycine
c. 0.495 M glycine
d. 1.21 M glycine
11. How many grams of solute are in 1.75 L of 0.460 M sodium monohydrogen
phosphate(Na2HPO4) buffer solution? (The molar mass of Na2HPO4 is 141.96 g/mol)
a. 0.805 g Na2HPO4

b. 114 g Na2HPO4
c. 1.42 g Na2HPO4
d. 1.75 g Na2HPO4
12. Which one of the following ionic compounds is insoluble in water?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Na3PO4
Ca(NO3)2
NaCl
CaSO4

13. Mercury(II) nitrate reacts with sodium sulfide to form mercury (II) sulfide precipitate.
What are the spectator ions in this reaction?
a.
b.
c.
d.

sodium ion only


nitrate ion only
sodium and nitrates ions
mercury II) ion, sulfide ion, sodium ion, and nitrate ion

14. What is the net ionic equation for the following reaction?
hydrochloric acid (aq) + potassium hydroxide (aq)
a.
b.
c.
d.

HCl (aq) + KOH (aq) KCl (aq) + H2O (l)


H+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) + K+ (aq) + OH- (aq) K+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) + H2O (l)
2H+ (aq) + 4OH- (aq) H2O (l)
H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) H2O (l)

15. Which statement is false concerning oxidation numbers?


a. An element's oxidation number is constant and unchanging.
b. Atoms of free elements have an oxidation number of zero.
c. An atom's oxidation state signifies the number of charges for that atom in a
molecule.
d. Oxidation numbers allow easy identification of which atoms gained or lost
electrons.
16. Determine the oxidation number of sulfur in sulfur trioxide, SO3.
a.
b.
c.
d.

-2
+1
+3
+6

17. Determine the reducing agent in the following reaction

2Al(s) + 3H2SO4(aq) Al2 (SO4)3(aq) + 3H2(g)


a.
b.
c.
d.

Al a reducing agent
H2SO4 a reducing agent
Both Al and H2SO4 are reducing agents.
There is no reducing agent.

18. Which reaction is not a redox reaction?


a.
b.
c.
d.

2K(s) + Cl2(g)  2KCl(s)


2Li(s) + 2H2O(l)  2LiOH(aq) + H2(g)
CH4(g) + O2(g)  CO2(g) + H2O(l)
Ba(OH)2 (aq) + H2SO4 (aq) BaSO4 (s) + 2H2O (l)

19. Which reaction is an acid-base reaction?


a.
b.
c.
d.

H2SO4(aq) + 2KOH(aq) K2SO4(aq) + 2H2O(l)


2S2O32(aq) + I2(aq) S4O62(aq) + 2I(aq)
Hg(NO3)2 (aq) + Na2S (aq) HgS (s) + 2NaNO3 (aq)
Ba(NO3)2 (aq) + Na2SO4 (aq) 2NaNO3 (aq) + BaSO4 (s)

20. Calculate the molarity of a solution prepared by diluting 165 mL of 0.688 M calcium
chloride to 925.0 mL.
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.86 M
0.743 M
0.222 M
0.123 M

21. Hydrogen gas exerts a pressure of 466 torr in a container. What is this pressure in atmospheres?
A) 0.217 atm

B) 0.466 atm

C) 0.613 atm

D) 1.63 atm

22. A sample of an ideal gas has its volume doubled while its temperature remains constant. If the
original pressure was 100 torr, what is the new pressure?
A) 10 torr B) 50 torr C) 100 torr

D) 200 torr

23. A 0.850-mole sample of nitrous oxide, a gas used as an anesthetic by dentists, has a volume of
20.46 L at 123C and 1.35 atm. What would be its volume at 468C and 1.35 atm?
A) 5.38 L B) 10.9 L C) 19.0 L D) 38.3 L

24. A flask with a volume of 3.16 L contains 9.33 grams of an unknown gas at 32.0C and 1.00 atm.
What is the molar mass of the gas?

A)
B)
C)
D)

7.76 g/mol
66.1 g/mol
74.0 g/mol
81.4 g/mol

25. If the molecular mass of a gas increases by a factor of 4 at constant temperature, its root mean
square (rms) speed will
A)
B)

decrease by a factor of 4.
increase by a factor of 4.

C)
D)

increase by a factor of 16.


decrease by a factor of 2.

26. Which statement is False?


A) For a gas obeying Charles's Law, a plot of V versus 1/T will give a straight line passing through
the origin
B) During an experiment it was observed that the volume of the gas involved increased. This is
possible with an increase temperature while keeping mass and pressure constant
C) Nitrogen will behave most like an ideal gas at high temperature and low pressure.
D) According to the postulates of kinetic-molecular theory, the molecules of all gases at a given
temperature have the same average kinetic energy.

27. Magnesium metal (0.100 mol) and a volume of aqueous hydrochloric acid that contains 0.500
mol of HCl are combined and react to completion. How many liters of hydrogen gas, measured at
STP, are produced?
Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)
A)
B)

2.24 L of H2
4.48 L of H2

C)
D)

11.2 L of H2
22.4 L of H2

28. A mixture of N2 and O2 has a total pressure of 0.95 atm. What is the partial pressure (in
atm) of N2 if there are 0.56 mol N2 and 0.32 mol O2 in the mixture?
A)
B)
C)
D)

0.30 atm
0.35 atm
0.53 atm
0.60 atm

29. If the atmospheric pressure is 760.0 mmHg and the difference in height in the diagram to the right
is 15.0 cm, what is the pressure of the gas in the flask?

A)

760.0 mmHg

B)

745.0 mmHg

C)

775.0 mmHg

D)

15.0 mmHg

30. What is the effusion rate for O2 compared to Kr?


A)
B)
C)
D)

1.618
0.618
2.619
0.318

31. Which statement is False?

A)
B)
C)
D)

An exothermic reaction causes the surroundings to increase in temperature


When H is negative, the heat is a product.
Standard heats (enthalpies) of formation of compounds, Hf, may be positive or negative.
Freezing of water is endothermic.

32. Use the following data to calculate the standard heat (enthalpy) of formation, Hf , of
manganese(IV) oxide, MnO2 (s).
2MnO2(s) 2MnO(s) + O2(g)
MnO2(s) + Mn(s) 2MnO(s)
A)
B)
C)
D)
33.

H = 264 kJ
H = 240 kJ

+ 24 kJ
+ 216 kJ
504 kJ
+ 504 kJ
Using the reaction, 2 Al + Fe2O3 2 Fe + Al2O3 DH = -850 kJ, find out the H for
2 Fe + Al2O3 2 Al + Fe2O3?
A)
B)
C)
D)

-850 kJ
-425 kJ
+850 kJ
+425 kJ

34. Calculate the amount of heat released when 3.76 moles of Ca(OH)2 are allowed to react for the
following reaction.
Ca(OH)2 + CO2 CaCO3 + H2O H = -69.1 kJ
A)
B)
C)
D)

-18 kJ
-69 kJ
-73 kJ
-2.6 x 102 kJ

35. A 22.05 g solid is heated in a test-tube to 100.00C and added to 50.00 g of water in a coffee-cup
calorimeter. The water temperature changes from 25.10C to 28.49C. Find the specific heat
capacity of the solid.
A) 0.387 J/gK
B) 0.450 J/gK
C) 0.711 J/gK
D) 0.900 J/gK

36. Calculate q when 28.6 g of water is heated from 22.0C to 78.3C.


A) 0.385 kJ B) 1.61 kJ C) 6.74 kJ D) 9.37 kJ

37. Which one of the following is not a correct formation reaction? (products are correct)
A)
B)
C)
D)

H2(g) + O(g) H2O(l)


1 H (g) +
1 Cl (g) HCl(g)
2
2
2
2
6C(graphite) + 3H2(g) C6H6(l)
C(graphite) C(diamond)

38. What is the frequency (in s-1) of the electromagnetic radiation that have a wavelength of 473 nm?
(Assume that the radiation travels at the speed of light, 3.00x108 m/s.)
A)
B)
C)
D)

3.00 x 1018 s-1


9.23 x 107 s-1
6.34 x 1014 s-1
1.0 x 108 s-1

39. A student uses a microwave oven to heat a meal. The wavelength of the radiation is 1.20 cm.
What is the energy of one photon of this microwave radiation?
(Placks constant, h = 6.626 x 10-34 Js, Speed of light, c = 3.00 x 108 m/s)
A)
B)
C)
D)

1.66 x 10-23 J
1.66 x 10-24 J
2.20 x 10-42 J
1.99 x 10-26 J

40. Who proposed a model that successfully explained the photoelectric effect?

A) Planck

B) Einstein

C) Rydberg

D) Bohr

41. Select the arrangement of electromagnetic radiation which starts with the lowest energy
and increases to greatest energy.
A)
B)
C)
D)

radio, infrared, ultraviolet, gamma rays


radio, ultraviolet, infrared, gamma rays
gamma rays, infrared, radio, ultraviolet
gamma rays, ultraviolet, infrared, radio

42. Electromagnetic radiation of 500 nm wavelength lies in the __________ region of the
spectrum.
A) infrared

B) visible

C) ultraviolet

D) X-ray

43. An electron in the n = 6 level emits a photon with a wavelength of 410.2 nm. To what
energy level does the electron move?
A) n = 1

B) n = 2

C) n = 3

D) n = 4

44. The orientation in space of an atomic orbital is associated with

A)
B)
C)
D)

the principal quantum number (n).


the angular momentum quantum number (l).
the magnetic quantum number (ml).
the spin quantum number (ms).

45. Which statement is false?


A) The orientation in space of an atomic orbital is associated with the principal quantum

number (n).
B) The shape of an atomic orbital is associated with the angular momentum quantum

number (l).
C) The orientation in space of an atomic orbital is associated with the magnetic quantum

number (ml).
D) Atomic orbitals developed using quantum mechanics describe exact paths for electron
motion.
46. Which of the following is a correct set of quantum numbers for an electron in a 3d
orbital?
A)
B)

n = 3, l = 0, ml = 1
n = 3, l = 1, ml = +3

C)
D)

n = 3, l = 3, ml = +2
n = 3, l = 2, ml = 2

47. Which statement is False?


A)
B)
C)
D)

Continuous spectra are characteristic of heated solids.


Line spectra are characteristic of atoms in the gas phase.
The energy of a photon is directly proportional to the wavelength of the radiation.
The quantum numbers, n = 3, l = 0, ml = 0, correspond to 3s orbital.

48. Which of the following transitions of an electron in a H atom has the highest frequency photon
involved.
A)
n = 2 to n = 4
B)
n = 2 to n = 1
C)
n = 2 to n = 5
D)
n = 4 to n = 3
49. Which of the following quantum number combinations is NOT allowed?
A)
B)
C)
D)

n = 2, l = 0, ml = 0
n = 4, l = 3, ml = -1
n = 3, l = 1, ml = 0
n = 5, l = 2, ml = +3

50. Which of the following is a d orbital?

A)

B)

C)

D)

Short answer question:


1. An unknown volume of water at 18.2C is added to 24.4 mL of water at 35.0C. If the final
temperature is 23.5C, what was the unknown volume? (Assume that no heat is lost to the
suroundings; dwater = 1.00 g/mL)

2. Lithium (1.62 g) and is reacted with 6.00 g oxygen. Which of these reactants is the limiting reagent
and how much product will be formed. 4Li + O2 2Li2O

3. Use the Rydberg equation to calculate the frequency of a photon absorbed when the hydrogen atom
undergoes a transition from n1 = 2 to n2 = 4. (R = 1.096776 107 m1)

4. Stoichiometric amounts of nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas react in a calorimeter to produce 5.00 g of
ammonia gas. The calorimeter temperature rises 0.42C. The calorimeter and water have a combined
heat capacity of 32.16 kJ/K. Calculate the heat of formation of ammonia, Hf, in kJ/mol. The
formation reaction for ammonia is:
0.5N2(g) + 1.5H2(g) NH3(g).

5. A 255-mL gas sample weighing 0.292 g is at 52810 Pa and 127C.


a. How many moles of gas are present?
b. What is the molar mass of the gas?

6. Aqueous potassium iodate (KIO3) and potassium iodide (KI) react in the presence of dilute
hydrochloric acid (HCl), as shown below.
KIO3(aq) + 5KI(aq) + 6HCl(aq) 3I2(aq) + 6KCl(aq) + 3H2O(l)
What mass of iodine (I2) is formed when 15.0 mL of 0.0050 M KIO3 solution reacts with 30.0 mL of
0.010 M KI solution in the presence of excess HCl?

7. Methanol (CH4O) is converted to bromomethane (CH3Br) as follows:


CH4O + HBr CH3Br + H2O
If 12.23 g of bromomethane are produced when 5.00 g of methanol is reacted with excess HBr,
what is the percentage yield?

8. Identify each statement as true or false.


a. In the Rydberg equation, for a fixed value of n1, the longest wavelength line has n2 =

.
b. In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, the electron moves in a circular path which

Bohr referred to as an orbital


c. Line spectra are characteristic of atoms in the gas phase.
d. In the quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen atom, the energy depends on the
principal quantum number n but not on the values of l or ml.