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CPE 633 PROCESS ENGINEERING II

ENERGY RELAXATION
NETWORKS
By Siti Shawalliah Idris

Energy Relaxation

Energy relaxation is a name coined for the


procedure of allowing the energy usage to
increase in exchange for at least one of the
following effects :
a reduction in area
A reduction in the heat exchangers
A reduction in complexity (typically less splitting)

Energy Relaxation

This procedure has as goal to increase heating utility and in


exchange reduce the number of units.

Energy Relaxation
LOOP: A loop is a circuit through the network that
starts at one exchanger and ends in the same
exchanger
PATH: A path is a circuit through the
network that starts at a heater and ends at a cooler

Energy Relaxation

Illustration of a loop
CP=0.010

H1

175 0C

125 0C
C
280

CP=0.040

CP=0.020

H2
65 0C

155 0C

20 0C

36
0
CP=0.015

H
184
0

50
0
112
0C

(*) Heat exchanger loads are


in kW

400 C
56
0

52
0

C2

Energy Relaxation

Illustration of a path
FCp=0.010

125 0C

H1 175 0C

C
280

FCp=0.040

H2
65 0C

FCp=0.020
FCp=0.015

155 0C

200 C
H
36
0

1840

50
0

400 C
112 0C

(*) Heat exchanger loads are


in kW

560 520

C2

Energy Relaxation

Procedure: Find a loop and move around the heat from heat
exchanger to exchanger until one exchanger is eliminated
125 0C
H1

175

0C

C
280

H2

65 0C
155 0C

20 0C

C1

400
C

C2

H
360

184 +X
0

500 -X
112

0C

560

-X

520 +X

If one wants to eliminate one exchanger: X=500. Note that X


could have beennegative, but we chose the smallest possible in
absolute value.

Energy Relaxation

Result: Notice that there is an infeasible match!


H1

175 0C

C
65 0C

450 C

280
650 C

H2
65 0C

155 0C

20 0C C1

H
360

1120

2340
C

400 C C2
60

1020
108 0C

This exchanger
is in
violation of the
minimum
approach

ENERGY RELAXATION

Use a path to move heat around to restore feasibility


H1

1750 C

45 C

280 +X

65 0C

650 C

H2
65 0C
+X
155
0C

200 C

H
36
0

2340 -X
1120C

400 C C2

60 +X 1020 -X
108
0C

The
value

C1

of X needed to restore feasibility


is X=795

Final Network

H1

1750 C

65 0C

450 C
1075
650 C

H2
65 0C

155 0C

200 C

H
1155
1120

1545
C

C1

400 C C2
855

225

55 0C

Thank you for your attention

Working Example
Energy Relaxation Technique

Energy relaxation technique

Remove the smallest heat recovery unit from the network by exploiting the degree of
freedom in a loop.
Recalculate the network temperatures and identify any violationsof the Tmin = 10oC
constraint.
Restore the original Tmin = 10oC throughout the network by exploiting a utility path.

Maximum Energy Recovery Design


Identify the degrees of freedom for network optimisation
HP
100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140 oC

80 oC

H
150

oC

705
0

210
0

450
0

80 oC 6

B
160
00

Tmin =
o

192
5

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5

100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140

oC

80 oC

150 oC

705
0

210
0

450
0

80 oC 6

B
160
00

192
5

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5

Solution
Loop
HP
100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140 oC

150

80 oC

oC

705
0

210
0

450
0

80 oC 6

B
160
00

192
5

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5

Loop

100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140 oC

150

80 oC

oC

705
0

210
0

450
0

80 oC 6

B
160
00

192
5

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5

Utility path 1

100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140 oC
Utility path 2

150

80 oC

oC

705
0

210
0

450
0

80 oC 6

B
160
00

192
5

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5

Loop
HP
100 oC

1
160 oC

100 oC

242
5

B
75 oC

3
140 oC

150

80 oC

oC

7050
-X

2100
+X

4500
+X

80 oC 6

B
160
00

1925 X

90 oC

C
433
0

C
79 oC

42
oC

D
166
70

40 oC
25 oC
25 oC

4
5