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Associate Professor
Department of mathematics
Govt. Postgraduate College, Ranikhet (Almora)







Present state of knowledge


Broad outlines of the work


Preliminary work done on the topic





Study of fuzzy measure and some properties of null-additive

fuzzy measure


Present state of knowledge:-

Uncertainty has been manifested by a gradual transition from the traditional

view, which insists that uncertainty is undesirable in science and should be
avoided by all possible means, to an alternative view, which is tolerant of
uncertainty and insists that science cannot avoid it. According to the alternative
view, uncertainty is considered essential to science; it is not only an unavoidable
plague, but it has, in fact, a great utility.
In 19th century, mathematician defined the concepts of sets and functions to
represent a problem. This may be representing a problem is more rigid. In many
situations, the solutions using this concept are meaningless. This difficulty was
overcome by the fuzzy concept. Almost all Mathematical, Engineering, Medicine,
Economics etc. concepts have been redefined using fuzzy sets. Hence it is a must
to popularize these ideas for our future generation.
Second transition occurred when L.A.Zadeh in 1965 introduced fuzzy set
theory, describing fuzziness mathematically for the first time. Fuzziness is a kind of
uncertainty. Thus, fuzzy set extended the basic mathematical concept set [1]. In
view of the fact that set theory is the cornerstone of modern mathematics, a new
and more general framework of mathematics was established [2,3].
Fuzzy measure represent a type of uncertainty, we could assign a value to
each possible crisp set to which the element in question might belong. This value
would indicate the degree of evidence or certainty of the elements membership in
the set. Such a representation of uncertainty is known as a fuzzy measure [4].
Some results on fuzzy measure have been given by Wang(1992). The
concept of fuzzy measure provide us with a broad framework within which it is
convenient to introduce and examine possibility theory, a theory that is closely
connected with fuzzy set theory and pays an important role in some of its

applications. It will also allow us to explicate differences between fuzzy set theory
and probability theory [5,6]. Thus with the advancement of the above research
areas the range of mathematical tools has expanded considerably with the use of
fuzzy measure [7]. Yet there is vast scope of work in this direction.


Broad outlines of the work:

Taking in view of the above development it is proposed to discuss the

concept of associated probabilities to a fuzzy measure, this concepts is based on
the consideration of Shannon entropy of fuzzy measure [8]. Then some basic
properties of entropy of fuzzy measure will also be discussed [9].
The connection between two type of absolute continuity of a fuzzy measure
with respect to a given null additive fuzzy measure will be discussed [10]. Some
theorems of Lebesgue decomposition type for null additive fuzzy measure shall be
studied [11]. We propose a generalization of the concept of symmetric fuzzy
measure based in a decomposition of the universal set [12]. Some properties of
these measures shall also be studied [13].
We shall discuss further regularity properties of null-additive fuzzy measure
on metric spaces of some previous results [3,14]. Under null-additivity condition,
some properties of inner/outer regularity and the regularity of fuzzy measure will
be shown [15]. Also the strong regularity of fuzzy measure will be discussed on
complete separable metric spaces [16].
Attempt shall be made to establish some theorems on Labesgue type
decomposition for continuous and auto continuous for fuzzy measure [17]. Some
theorems on the completeness of fuzzy measure space and some properties of
fuzzy measure and convergence in measure shall be studied [18].

(d) Preliminary work done on the topic:

We have gone through the basic concept of fuzzy set, operation on fuzzy set
and fuzzy measure given by many mathematicians [1,19]. Standard books on the
subject have been studied [20]. Mathematical reviews and many standard

research journals have been consulted [21]. Research papers pertaining to the
topic have also been studied.



[1] Wang, Z. and Klir, G.J. (1992), Fuzzy measure theory, plenum press,
New- York.
[2] Klir, G.J. (1997), Fuzzy arithmetic with requiste constraints, Fuzzy Sets and
Systems, vol. 91 no. 2, pp. 165-175.
[3] Jiang q., H. Suzuki (1996), Fuzzy measure on metric spaces, Fuzzy Sets and
Systems, vol. 83, pp. 99-106.
[4] Klir, G.J. and T.Folger (1988), Fuzzy sets, Uncertainty and information,
Prentice Hall, Englewood cliff, N.J.
[5] Wang Zhenyuan (1985), Asymptotic structural characteristics of fuzzy measure
and their applications, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 16, pp. 277-290.
[6] Yoger, R.R.(1980 cc), Fuzzy sets, probabilities and decision, J. of
Cybernetics, 10(1-3), pp. 1-18.
[7] Stojakovic , M. (1994), Fuzzy valued measure, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol.
65, pp. 95-104.
[8] Criado, F. and T. Gachechiladze (1997), Entropy of fuzzy events, Fuzzy Sets
and Systems, vol. 88, pp. 99-106.
[9] Chakravarty , S.R. and T. Ry (1985), Measurement of fuzziness: a general
approach, Theory and Decision, 19(2), pp. 163-169.
[10] Wang, Z. (1984), The Autocontinuity of set function and the Fuzzy Integral, J.
Math. Anal. Appl. 99.

[11] Song Jinjie and Jun Li (2005), Lebesgue theorems in non-additive measure
theory, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 149, pp. 543-548.
[12] Stojakovic, M. (1992), Fuzzy conditional expectation, Fuzzy Sets and
Systems, vol. 52(1), pp. 53-61.
[13] Qinghe Sun (1994), Properties of fuzzy measure and Rieszs theorem, Fuzzy
Sets and Systems, vol. 62, pp. 117-119.
[14] Congxin Wu and Ha Minghu (1996), on the null-additivity of the fuzzy
measure, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 78, pp. 337-339.
[15] Congxin Wu and Ha Minghu (1994), on the regularity of fuzzy measure on
metric fuzzy measure space, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 66, pp. 373-379.
[16] Yian-Kui Liu and Guang-Quan Zhang (1999), on the completeness of fuzzy
measure-space, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 102, pp. 345-351.
[17] Wang, Z. (1992),On the null- additivity and the autocontinuity of a fuzzy
measure, Fuzzy sets and systems, 45, pp. 223-226.
[18] Mizumoto, M. (1981), Note on the arithmetic rule by Zadeh for fuzzy
conditional inference, Cybernetics and Systems, 12(3), pp. 247-306.
[19] Ouchinnikou, S.V. (1981), Structure of fuzzy binary relations, Fuzzy sets and
systems, 6(2), pp. 169-195.
[20] Negoita, C.V., Ralescu, D. A. (1975), applications of fuzzy sets to systems
Analysis, Wiley, New- York.
[21] Kaleva, O. (1990),The calculus of fuzzy valued functions, Appl. Math. Lett.
3(2), pp. 55-59.

Purpose of the research work proposed

Fuzzy systems, including fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic, provide a rich and
meaningful improvement or extension of conventional logic. The mathematics
generated by this theory is consistent and fuzzy set theory may be seen as a
generalization of classic set theory. The concept of fuzzy measure provides us with
a large frame work within which various special classes of measure can be
formulated, including the classical probability measures. The most fundamental
property of fuzzy measure is their monotonicity with respect to the subset
Possibility, necessity and probability measure do not overlap with one
another except for one very special measure, which is characterized by only one
focal element that is a singleton. The three distribution functions that represent
probabilities, possibilities and necessities become equal for this measure. One
element of the universal set is assigned the value 1, with all other elements being
assigned a value 0. This is clearly the only measure that represents perfect
evidence. In this direction only this will serve as a source of knowledge towards
fuzzy measure, a branch of fuzzy logic.