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18th Century Material Culture

The Native Americans


Miscellaneous Artifacts

Tumplines
Burden Straps

Iroquois Hemp Tumpline or Burden Strap


1710
(The British Museum)

Northeast Native American Hemp & Moose Hair Tumpline or Burden Strap
1710
(The British Museum)

Northeast Native American Hemp & Moose Hair Tumpline or Burden Strap
1710
(The British Museum)

Northeast Native American Hemp & Moose Hair Tumpline or Burden Strap
1710
(The British Museum)

Northeast Native American Hemp & Moose Hair Tumpline or Burden Strap
1710
(The British Museum)

Iroquois Tumpline or Burden Strap


c. 1775 - 1800
(Eiteljorg Museum, Indianapolis - www.splendidheritage.com)

Iroquois Tumpline or Burden Strap


c. 1775 - 1800
(Eiteljorg Museum, Indianapolis - www.splendidheritage.com)

Hemp & Moose Hair Tumpline or Burden Strap Associated with the Mohawk Tekahionwake
New York c. 1760 - 1800
(Smithsonian - National Museum of the American Indian)

Eastern Woodlands Tumpline


Collected & Used by Lieutenant, Sir John Caldwell, of H.M. 8th Regiment of Foot c. 1780
(Canadian Museum of History - Speyer Collection)

Halters

South Lake Erie Native American Prisoner Halter


c. 1775 - 1800
(Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)

Baskets

Cherokee Cane Lidded Basket Found in South Carolina


Acquired by Hans Sloane from Colonel Francis Nicholson, Governor of South Carolina in 1753
(The British Museum)

Nest of 30 Cree Birch Bark Baskets


c. 1725 - 1740
(The British Museum)

Canoes & Paddles

Canoe Model of the Wabenaki (Abenaki), Possibly Maliseet or Passamaquoddy - Northeastern Maine / New Brunswick, Canada
Birchbark, Wood, & Pigment 18th Century
(Peabody Essex Museum)

Canoe Model of the Wabenaki (Abenaki), Possibly Maliseet or Passamaquoddy - Northeastern Maine / New Brunswick, Canada
Birchbark, Wood, & Pigment 18th Century
(Peabody Essex Museum)

Canoe Model of the Wabenaki (Abenaki), Possibly Maliseet or Passamaquoddy - Northeastern Maine / New Brunswick, Canada
Birchbark, Wood, & Pigment 18th Century
(Peabody Essex Museum)

Mi'kmaq (Micmac) Canoe Model


Birchbark, Wood, Spruce Root, & Porcupine Quill 18th Century
(Peabody Essex Museum)

Cree Paddle
Collected by George Holt of the Hudson Bay Co. between 1768 & 1771
(Nagy Collection - Splendid Heritage)

Captain Bulls War Party at Fort Ticonderoga

Captain Bulls War Party at Fort Ticonderoga

Captain Bulls War Party at Fort Ticonderoga

Captain Bulls War Party at Fort Ticonderoga

Hide Scrapers

Native American Bone Hide Scraper


18th Century
(The Brooklyn Museum)

Native American Bone Hide Scraper


18th Century
(The Brooklyn Museum)

Pincushions

Pincushion Reported to have been made by a Canadian Indian


Embroidered Birch Bark with Moose Hair c. 1770 - 1780
(Manchester Galleries)

Cradles

Cree Cradle - Hudson Bay


c. 1730 - 1750
(The British Museum)

Cree Cradle - Hudson Bay


c. 1730 - 1750
(The British Museum)

Rattles

Native American Gourd Rattle from South Carolina


Acquired by the British Museum in 1753
(The British Museum)

Childs Splint Rattle


Attributed to Paugussett Indian Molly Hatchet (1730 - 1829) Late 18th Century
(Old Sturbridge Village)

Dolls

Cree Doll
c. 1790
(Missouri History Museum)

Cree Doll
c. 1790
(Missouri History Museum)

Cree Doll
c. 1790
(Missouri History Museum)

Combs

Northeast Woodlands Seneca Iroquois Two Wolves Egy Bone Comb


c. 1660 - 1675
(The Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art - Fenimore Art Museum)

Northeast Woodlands Seneca Iroquois Moose or Elk Egy Bone Comb


c. 1670 - 1687
(The Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art - Fenimore Art Museum)

Northeast Woodlands Seneca Iroquois Bone Combs - One an Egy to the Elk (Bottom)
c. 1660 - 1675
(The Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art - Fenimore Art Museum)

Blankets

Fragment of Striped Duel, A Tracking Cloth of English Manufacture


Found at Burrs Hill, Warren, Rhode Island, a 17th CenturyWampanoug Indian Burial Site
(And Site where the 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center used to play Little League Baseball)
(Haenreer Museum of Anthropology)

Skins

Albino Beaver Skin


Whilst serving in Canada in 1777, Colonel De Peyster was given this skin by an Anishinabe man who claimed that,
during meditation, he had been told by the spirit of the Beaver to Kill the Colonel. He confessed that he was unable to
carry out the deed. De Peyster told him to track and kill the Albino Beaver and bring back the skin to appease his guilt.
(Museum of Liverpool)

Living History

Acknowledgements
The material contained within these slideshows is presented for educational purposes only. The
18th Century Material Culture Resource Center does not personally own any of the items
depicted herein and is indebted to the countless museums, libraries, and private collectors who
willingly share their collections with the public through the internet. Every attempt has been
made to credit these organizations and individuals for their contributions as best as possible.
If there is a question you have regarding a particular item featured within a presentation, please
contact the 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center and we will try to answer your
inquiry as best as possible. If for any reason you feel there is any item that should not be
presented here, or if there is an error in any listing, or if you know the source for any item whose
credit is unknown, please inform us and we will make sure your concern is addressed as soon as
possible.
Thank you!
- The 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center