You are on page 1of 12


We young communists are now faced with the important task of leading
the Korean revolution along the right path to meet the prevailing situation.

The current internal and external situation is very complicated and tense.

Fearing the growing might of the Soviet Union and the ever-increasing
revolutionary struggle of the oppressed peoples, the imperialists are frantically
manoeuvring to stamp it out. Moreover, finding themselves in the vortex of a
worldwide crisis, they are faced with severe political and economic difficulties,
and in order to overcome them they are strengthening their aggressive and
predatory policy with regard to other countries.

The Japanese imperialists caught up in the worldwide economic crisis at

present are trying to find a way out by accelerating war preparations to invade
the Asian Continent and, at the same time, by further intensifying the colonial
repression and plunder of Korea.

In order to quench the Korean peoples anti-Japanese spirit and crush

their desire for independence once and for all, the Japanese imperialists are
covering the whole of Korea with military, gendarme, police, intelligence
networks, and are enacting various evil laws to arrest, imprison and slaughter
Koreans at will. Our fellow countrymen thrown behind prison bars by the
Japanese imperialists number tens of thousands.

More than ever before the Japanese imperialist marauders are intensifying
economic plunder as well as political repression in Korea.

By seizing Koreas key industries, the Japanese imperialists are putting a

brake on the development of the national industry and are robbing our rich
resources including gold, silver, coal and iron ore without restraint. In
particular, these aggressors are making desperate efforts to ruthlessly exploit
the cheap labour in Korea. As a consequence, the Korean workers are leading a
wretched life as wage slaves, as colonial slaves.

The Japanese imperialists are exploiting the countryside even more

ruthlessly while maintaining the feudal landownership in Korea. They not only
seized vast tracts of land by force, but shipped off as much as seven million
sok of rice last year alone, while pursuing a coercive, predatory policy to obtain
grain in the name of the increased rice production plan. Owing to the cruel
expropriation of the Japanese imperialists and feudal landlords, our peasants
are barely subsisting on grassroots and tree-bark.

The Korean nation is facing a question of life or death todayit either

perishes for ever under the colonial yoke of the Japanese imperialists or rises
up in a fight to survive. If it merely laments over its ruined land and tolerates
the unheard-of Japanese tyranny, our nation will fall never to rise again, but if
the whole nation rises up and fights defying death, it will greet the dawn of

The Korean people who are at a dead end because of the harsh colonial
rule of the Japanese imperialists, are now waging a vigorous mass struggle
against them across the country.

Following the general strike of dockers in Wonsan last year, the workers of
the Pusan Textile Mill went on strike this year, and there were solid May Day
strikes by workers in Seoul, Pyongyang, Taegu, Inchon, Hungnam, Chongjin
and all other parts of the country. More recently the workers of the Sinhung
Coal Mine came out on strike in force.

Together with the struggle of the workers, the struggle of the peasants is
growing in intensity. Last year alone there were scores of tenant disputes and
the peasants fought against the Japanese imperialists and pro-Japanese
landlords in various places.

The students in Kwangju and youth and students throughout the country
are also fighting resolutely against the Japanese imperialists policy of colonial
slave education, their policy of obliterating national culture and their policy of
obscuration and assimilation.

As mentioned above, the mass struggles of workers, peasants and youth

and students against the Japanese imperialists and their lackeys take the form
of uprisings everywhere. But they meet one setback after another in the face
of the brutal armed repression of the Japanese imperialists, due to the lack of
leadership based on the correct line and policy.

After the Korean Communist Party was dissolved in 1928, most of the
factionaliststhe self-styled leaders of the Korean revolutiongave up the
revolutionary movement and turned philistines for their own comfort. On the
other hand, some factionalists prompted by political ambitions and a desire for
higher positions drove the people into a reckless uprising only to shed blood in
vain. A typical example is the recent May 30 Uprising in east Manchuria.
Without correctly analysing and assessing the revolutionary situation, the
factionalists forced the peasants to join the reckless uprising. And so the
barehanded rebels were brutally mown down by the bayonets of the Japanese
imperialist army and police and the reactionary warlords, with the result that
the revolutionary forces suffered tremendous losses and the revolution faced








revolutionary organizations, the revolutionary spirit of the anti-Japanese

masses was lowered, and we had to experience bitter trials in our

revolutionary struggle. All this was due to the lack of correct leadership in our


The situation thus created urgently demands that our revolution be led
along the road to victory on the basis of a correct revolutionary line, strategy
and tactics.

We are young communists who have set out on the road of sacred
struggle with a single purpose in mind to save the country and people, so we
should solve this pressing demand of the times.

In order to lead the Korean revolution to certain victory, we must learn

serious lessons from the stern reality that our peoples mass struggle against
the Japanese fails time after time and our revolution undergoes ordeals.

Those who professed themselves to guide our peoples anti-Japanese

national-liberation movement were divorced from the masses; they gathered
together a few high-ranking officials solely to indulge in empty talk and
quarrel, instead of mobilizing the masses of people for the revolutionary

It is true that large numbers of people have taken part so far in various
anti-Japanese movements. But they were scattered and unorganized.

The masters of the revolutionary struggle are the masses of people, and
only when they are organized and mobilized can they win the revolutionary
struggle. Therefore, the leaders of the movement must go among the masses

and awaken them so that they themselves wage the revolutionary struggle as
masters. But the self-styled leaders of the communist movement merely
indulged in a war of words harmful to the revolution, and gave no thought to
awakening the masses and mobilizing them for the revolutionary struggle.
Without organizing the masses for revolutionary struggle, is it possible to
achieve the sacred cause of liberating the country from the vicious Japanese
imperialist colonial yoke?

The so-called leaders of our peoples anti-Japanese national-liberation

movement not only failed to mobilize the masses for revolutionary struggle
but, being infected with flunkeyism towards great powers, brought serious
harm to our revolution.

Since our aim is to carry through none other than the Korean revolution,
we should solve all problems arising in the course of that revolution by our own
efforts, proceeding from the specific conditions in our country.

But the factionalists who have infiltrated into the ranks of the communist
movement are so imbued with flunkeyism that they have solved none of the
problems facing our revolution but, rather, put obstacles in its way.

Let us see how the factionalists acted in connection with the problem of
party building in our country. This problem concerns the correct fulfilment of
the Korean revolution, so Korean communists have to solve it by themselves to
suit their actual conditions. We need not get someone elses approval to our
revolutionary movement. Whether anyone approves or not, we will succeed if
we conduct our revolution properly. Nevertheless, the M-L group, the Tuesday
group, the North Wind Association group and other factions, each insisting that
it is the only orthodox and genuine Marxist group, approached the
Comintern for approval, instead of building up the Party. Thus the Korean
Communist Party did not set down roots among the masses deeply enough to

overcome Japanese imperialist oppression and, in the long run, was expelled
from the Comintern.

After the Korean Communist Party was dissolved, the factionalists put up
the signboard of Party reconstruction and were engrossed solely in
expanding their own factions and in the scramble for leadership. Then each of
them without any foundation fabricated the Party centre and again tried to
get approval from the Comintern. This clearly shows how completely saturated
the factionalists were with flunkeyism.

The losses flunkeyism inflicted on our revolution were indeed serious. As

already mentioned above, the May 30 Uprising was merely the brain child of
the factionalists to satisfy their political ambitions, and from beginning to end
took an ultra-Left direction under the instigation of the Left adventurists.
This put up big obstacles in the path of our revolution.

Experience shows that in order to lead the revolution to victory, one must
go among the masses of people and organize them, and solve all problems











responsibility in accord with the actual conditions, instead of relying on others.

Drawing on this lesson we regard it as most important to take the firm

standpoint that the masters of the Korean revolution are the Korean people
and that the Korean revolution should by all means be carried out by the
Korean people themselves in a way suited to the actual conditions of their

Only when we adopt this standpoint towards the revolution can we map
out a correct line and policy and achieve the sacred cause of national

In order to guide the Korean revolution correctly, we must know clearly

what the character and tasks of the Korean revolution are at present.

How, then, can we define the character of the Korean revolution at the
present stage? This question should likewise be solved on the basis of our
specific situation.

Korea today is a colonial semi-feudal society occupied by the Japanese

imperialists, a society where the normal development of capitalism is retarded
and feudal relations are predominant. The Korean people are not only
subjected to all sorts of national contempt, exploitation and oppression as
Japanese colonial slaves but also suffer untold hardships in the shackles of
feudal relations maintained by the power of the Japanese imperialists.

Unless we overthrow the foreign aggressors, the Japanese imperialists,

we can neither free our nation from the yoke of colonial slavery nor abolish
feudal relations. For this reason our peoples first and foremost task is to fight
against the Japanese imperialists. The problem of launching an anti-Japanese
struggle was already advanced by us as the immediate task when forming the
Down-with-Imperialism Union.

While combatting the Japanese imperialists, we must struggle to abolish

feudal relations. Only then can we free the peasants from the chains of
feudalism and succeed in undermining the foundation of Japanese imperialist
colonial rule.

Our peoples urgent demand is to carry out the tasks of the antiimperialist revolution and of the anti-feudal revolution, the former being to
fight against the Japanese imperialists and the latter against their accomplices,

the feudal landlords. These two revolutionary tasks are closely connected with
each other. The main task of the Korean revolution, therefore, is to overthrow
the Japanese imperialists and win independence for Korea and, at the same
time, to liquidate feudal relations and introduce democracy.

In view of the main task of the Korean revolution, its character at the
present stage is anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic.

Broad sections of the anti-imperialist forces such as workers, peasants,

youth and students, intellectuals, petty bourgeoisie, conscientious noncomprador capitalists and religious communities can participate in this
revolution. By mobilizing all the anti-Japanese patriotic forces, we must strike
down the Japanese imperialists and their accompliceslandlords, capitalists,
pro-Japanese and traitors to the nationand win national liberation and









government that will protect the interests of the workers, peasants and other
broad masses of people. Only when we set up a peoples government, can we
liquidate completely the remnant forces of imperialism and all the other
reactionary forces, and successfully carry out the tasks of the anti-feudal
democratic revolution.

We must not mark time after carrying out the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal
democratic revolution, but press on with the revolution to build a socialist and
communist society and, further, carry through world revolution, too. To
complete the Korean revolution in a responsible manner is tantamount to being
faithful to world revolution and to accelerating it.

In order to guarantee success in the Korean revolution, we must, first of

all, organize and wage an armed struggle against the Japanese imperialists.

As the historical experience and lessons of the anti-Japanese struggle

show, no one can bring us independence on a tray; we can never vanquish the
Japanese imperialists and win national independence by peaceful means.

Moreover, the present situation urgently demands that we wage an

organized armed struggle against the Japanese imperialists. Since the
Japanese imperialists are intensifying their suppression without precedent and
we are dealing with an enemy armed to the teeth, we must gradually build up
the violent mass struggle into an organized armed struggle.

In colonies an armed struggle against imperialism is the law of the

development of the national-liberation movement. Owing to its intrinsic
aggressive and predatory nature, imperialism will never withdraw from the
colonies of its own accord, and will always resort to brutal violence to maintain
its colonial rule. So the imperialist forces of aggression must be smashed by
revolutionary armed forces.

We must overthrow the Japanese imperialist aggressors and achieve

national liberation and independence by our own efforts. Therefore, we must
rapidly build up our strength by making good preparations for organizing and
waging an anti-Japanese armed struggle.

To prepare ourselves well for an armed struggle, we must first organize a

Korean Revolutionary Army.

We must form the Korean Revolutionary Army, a revolutionary armed

organization, out of young communists educated and trained in revolutionary
organizations including the Young Communist League and the Anti-Imperialist

Youth League. We must thus accumulate the necessary all-round experience

for armed struggle.

In order to make the Korean revolution a success, we must also arouse

and unite all the anti-Japanese patriotic forces and marshal them for the
sacred struggle against the Japanese.

In essence, revolution is a struggle to liberate the masses of people, so it

cannot triumph without the participation of the broad masses. Moreover, since
we intend to defeat the Japanese imperialists and free the whole nation by
relying on the efforts of the Koreans themselves, we must unite as one all the
forces opposed to the Japanese imperialists.

That is why we must rally under the anti-Japanese banner all the forces
with anti-Japanese tendencies, including men of religion and conscientious
non-comprador capitalists, to say nothing of the workers and peasants.

Next, in order to guarantee success in the Korean revolution, we must

step up the work of founding a party.

For the Korean revolution to be victorious there must be a Marxist-Leninist

party, the General Staff of the revolution. Only a revolutionary party can
formulate a correct line, strategy and tactics, mobilize the broad masses for a
struggle against the Japanese imperialists, and build a socialist and communist

We must derive serious lessons from the dissolution of the Korean

Communist Party and make an effort to found a party on a sound basis. To do
this, we must not try to proclaim the founding of a party right away without
any preparation or to gain the approval of the Comintern, as the factionalists

did. We cannot by any means build a revolutionary party in the way the
factionalists do; even if we formed a party it could not discharge its mission
properly nor could it continue to exist in the face of a counter-revolutionary

We must not fail to found a new revolutionary party for ourselves. We

must make ample preparations for the purpose. If thorough preparations are
made, the approval of the Comintern is a foregone conclusion.

In going ahead with the formation of a party, we must, for a start, set up
basic party organizations. This is of great significance not only in making
general preparations for party building more substantial, but in striking deep
roots among the broad masses as soon as the party comes into existence. We
must form the party not by proclaiming the party center first but by setting up
fully prepared basic party organizations and steadily expanding them.

We must closely link preparations for forming a party with the struggle
against the Japanese imperialists. Only when we combine preparations for
party founding with revolutionary practice, can we rear fine communists tried
and tempered in struggle and carry out the Korean revolution successfully.


Whether we lead the Korean revolution to victory along the right path or
not depends on how we implement the revolutionary tasks before us.

Since we are having to deal with difficult revolutionary tasks never tackled
by anyone before, we must be ready to encounter numerous obstacles and
hardships and, whenever they stand in the way, we will have to surmount
them for ourselves as the masters of the Korean revolution.

Let us all fight stubbornly to hew the path of the Korean revolution.

Os imperialistas japoneses, agarrados pela crise econmica mundial, no

momento esto tentando achar uma sada, acelerando os preparativos de
guerra para invadir o Continente Asitico, e, ao mesmo tempo, intensificando
outra vez a represso colonial e a pilhagem da Coreia.
Tomando as indstrias-chave de Coreia, os imperialistas japoneses esto
pondo um freio no desenvolvimento da indstria nacional e esto roubando as
nossas riquezas naturais, inclusive o ouro, a prata, o carvo e o ferro sem
qualquer limite. Especialmente, esses agressores esto fazendo esforos
desesperados para explorar desapiedadamente a mo-de-obra barata na
Coreia. Como consequncia, os trabalhadores coreanos so levados a uma vida
desgraada, com salrios de escravos, como escravos coloniais.
Os imperialistas japoneses esto explorando a zona rural mesmo mais
desapiedadamente, ao mesmo tempo que mantm o latifndio feudal na
Coreia. Eles no somente tomam vastas parcelas de terra pela fora, mas
embarcaram para seu pas mais de sete milhes de soks de arroz no ano
passado, prosseguindo a poltica coercitiva, predatria de obter cereais em
nome do plano de aumento da produo de arroz. Devido expropriao cruel
dos imperialistas japoneses e latifundirios feudais, nossos camponeses
subsistem se alimentando de razes e cascas de rvore.
A nao coreana est hoje se defrontando com uma questo de vida ou
morte se perece para sempre sob o jugo colonial dos imperialistas japoneses
ou se levanta numa luta para sobreviver. Se, simplesmente, se lamenta sobre
sua terra arruinada e tolera a inaudita tirania japonesa, nossa nao nunca se
levantar outra vez, mas se ela inteira se levanta e luta, desafiando a morte,
saudar a alvorada da libertao.