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NAME: Chaze dacOSTA



Title: What evidence exist to

suggest that Jamaica experienced
a sugar revolution between 16551705

TABLE OF contents


It is with great pleasure to thank and acknowledge all those who

made the completion of this project possible for me .i would firstly
like to thank my family for the push and support into achieving
perfection for this project I would also like to thank my social
studies teacher mrs.wallace for the constant help and support
towards my SBA and lastly I would like to thank god for giving me
the determination and will ,staying up late nights to achieve the
utmost perfection for this project.

TITLE OF STUDY: Jamaica economy and slavery

QUESTION: what evidence exist to suggest that

Jamaica experienced a sugar revolution between


I chose to research this particular topic of history

due to my interest in the topic and the abundance of
information entitled in the area .The aim of my
research is to further grow onto my knowledge of the
history of my country Jamaica .this research is
targeted to give the reader a better idea of the sugar
revolution which occurred in Jamaica in 1655-1705.


Then evidence which exists to suggest that there

was a sugar revolution in Jamaica between 1655
and 1705 are endless. The changes were so
tremendous and widespread that all aspects of
Jamaica ;social ,political and economical had a
obvious change .In both French and English islands
the primary cash crop had changed .the price of land
,population ,land use and social organization all
changed due to the revolution .the change was so
traumatic that it was labeled as revolutionary ,the
primary crop changed from tobacco to sugar cane
.the racial ratio change from white being 4:1 ,to
black over powering the whites 5:1.the changes
experienced in Jamaica goes on .

The change in population in Jamaica was an

obvious sign of a sugar revolution being experienced
by Jamaica .Jamaica black to white ratio was fairly

equal leading up to the late sixteen hundreds but as

the sugar revolution began to become more
aggressive on the country the blacks population
began to significantly triumph over the whites
population up to the 1700s.

As a result of the sugar revolution whites

continued to import black slaves on plantations
which further declined the population of white on the
island .smallholders lost their lands and refusal to
become laborers led to even more white migration
out of the island and back to England .




Figure 1




Figure 1: showing black to white ratio in Jamaica in

the late 1600s to the mid 1700s.

The formation of a social organization is further

evidence of a sugar revolution in Jamaica. Whites
were at the top, following colored then blacks .as
shown in the below figure.

These were people with European heritage .the had
control over majority of the population and was the
owners of machinery, most slaves and transport.

People who were of both African and European
culture. They were given no political law and owned
little land .their main goal was to achieve equality
with whites.
People who were born in Africa or by African
parents .they were fierce by nature and were given
no rights or power which resulted in much resistance
by slaves.
The planters lived in the great house .the great
house was usually located on higher ground on the
estate ,so the masters could supervise the slaves at
work and it had easy access to roads .it was the
largest building on the estate .
the slaves built small huts in which they occupied
made out of mud, water and or timber .they were
usually squashed between one another due to the
amount if black who lived on the estates .they were
located downwind away from the great house, closer
to the cane fields they worked on .A storehouse was

nearby where tools and supplies were kept and a

hospital on the estate for ill slaves and a whipping
area for slaves.

Change in population was not the only affect of

sugar revolution but as well as absenteeism. This
refers to where owners of European plantations who
are not currently living on the plantation can hire
overseas workers to take control of the plantation.
There were many factors which contributed to start
of this practice .some of which are diseases and the
threat from a black uprising .
in Jamaica the sugar revolution caused a change of
land from small land holder to wealthy land holders
.the price of land skyrocketed way over 3500 ,much
more than a small holder would earn .sugar estates
required as much as 150 acres while a tobacco
plantation would only require at most 30 acres ,a
sugar plantation was a one hundred plus more man
kind of job while tobacco manufacturing could be
done by one man .When the sugar revolution hit
tobacco was no longer sustainable and small

holders had no money to buy more land as a result

they moved back to England or a next country .the
sugar revolution eventually led to monoculture .this
meant the focus of one crop. Profits were so high for
sugar cane that farmers ignored other crops and
even began to start starving because of the lack of
food crops, which led to more importation of foreign
Slaves were smarter than planters and planted their
own food provisions in unused land .slaves received
no wages as a result their produce of their
provisions were there salary .provision was
important to them because:
Anything they produced for themselves were
theirs so they could sell their property for money
The money earned could be used to provide
them with things slave owners wont provide
Enough money after selling their provisions
could result in them buying their freedom
Provisions were important to planters because
The provisons provided the slave owners
with a market for food .

In conclusion many changes occurred in
Jamaica as a result of the sugar revolution
.the sugar revolution resulted in significant
economical ,political and social changes in
Jamaica .in the end the sugar revolution
changed the way of Jamaican culture from
then to the existence of the people.