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INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA

END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATION


SEMESTER I, 2014/2015 SESSION
KULLIYYAH OF ENGINEERING
Programme

: CIE and Comm Eng

Level of Study : UG 2

Time

: 9.00 am 12.00 pm

Date

: 09 January 2015

Duration

: 3 Hours
Section(s)

: 1&2

Course Code : ECE 2132


Course Title

: Circuit Analysis

This Question Paper Consists of SIX (6) Printed Pages (Including Cover Page) with Five (5)
Questions.
INSTRUCTION(S) TO CANDIDATES

DO NOT OPEN UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO


Total mark of this examination is 100.
This examination is worth 40% of the total assessment.
Answer all FIVE (5) questions.

Any form of cheating or attempt to cheat is a serious


offence which may lead to dismissal

Circuit Analysis

ECE 2132

Q1 [20 marks]
a) In the circuit shown in Fig. 1(a), the switch has been open for a long time. At t = 0, the
switch is closed.

Fig. 1(a)
i) Find the current i0 at t < 0.

(R, U, 3 marks)

ii) Find the time constant for the circuit at t 0.

(R, U, 2 marks)

iii) Analyze to find the current flowing through the inductor by writing the expression for
iL(t); for t 0.

(U, A, 4 marks)

iv) Analyze the voltage across the inductor by writing the expression for vL(t); for t 0.
(U, A, C, 3 marks)

b) The circuit shown in Fig. 1(b) has been open for a long time. The initial charge on the
capacitor is zero. At t = 0, the switch is closed.
i) Find the value of voltage, v(t) for t < 0.

(U, R, A, 2 marks)

ii) How do you explain (in terms of equation) the behavior of the voltage across
capacitor, v(t) for t 0. .

(R, U, A, C, 6 marks)

(Hint: You may use source transformation to simplify the circuit)

Fig. 1(b)

Circuit Analysis

ECE 2132

Q2 [20 marks]
a) The resistance, inductance and capacitance in a parallel RLC circuit shown in Fig. 2(a)
are 250 , 50 mH and 200 nF respectively. The initial inductor current is -45 mA and
the initial capacitor voltage is 15 V.

Fig. 2(a)
i)

Find the initial current in each branch of the circuit.

(U, R, A, 2 marks)

ii)

How would you understand the behavior of voltage v(t) for t 0.


(U, R, A, C, 4 marks)

iii)

How would you understand the behavior of current iL(t) for t 0.


(U, R, A, C, 4 marks)
(Hint: You may answer part (ii) and (iii) in terms of equation)

b) The initial voltage across the 31.25F capacitor in the circuit of Fig. 2(b), is 24 V. The
initial energy stored in the 0.5 H inductor L, is zero. Resistor, R is given as 10k.

Fig. 2(b)
i)

Find the Neper frequency, , and the natural resonant frequency, o. Decide the
type of the response.

(U, R, A, 3 marks)

ii) Find the roots of the characteristic equations.

(U, R, A, 2 marks)

iii) Analyze the current expression i(t) for t 0.

(U, A, 5 marks)

Circuit Analysis

ECE 2132

Q3 [20 marks]
a) In the circuit shown in Fig. 3(a), vg is given as 70cos 5000t V and M is 2mH.

ig

iL

Fig. 3(a)
i) Find generator current, ig and load current, iL.

(U, R, A, 4 marks)

ii) You are required to analyze the circuit by determining the value of impedance
reflected into the primary winding, Zrp and impedance reflected into the secondary
winding, Zrs.

(U, A, 6 marks)

b) A Y connected source feeds a -connected load through a distribution line having an


impedance of 0.3 + j0.9 /. The load impedance is 118.5 + j85.8 /. Use the a-phase
internal voltage of the generator as the reference.
i) Suggest a phase equivalent circuit of the three-phase circuit described in the
paragraph above.

(U, R, C, 3 marks)

ii) Find all line currents IaA, IbB and IcC.

(U, A, C, 3 marks)

iii) Find all phase voltages VAN, VBN, and VCN at the load terminals.
(U, A, C, 2 marks)
iv) Find all the line voltages VAB, VBC, and VCA at the source terminals.
(U, A, C, 2 marks)

Circuit Analysis

ECE 2132

Q4 [20 marks]
(a)

A resistor, Rl is connected in series with the inductor in the circuit in Fig. 4(a).

Fig. 4(a)
(i) Determine to find the expression for H(s) where H(s) = vO/vi.
(ii) At what frequency will the magnitude of H(j) be maximum?

(U, A, 2 marks)
(U, A, 4 marks)

(iii) From your answer in (ii), can you determine the maximum value of the magnitude
of H(j)? (U, A, C, 2 marks)
(iv) At what frequency will the magnitude of H(j) equals its maximum value divided
by

(U, A, 4 marks)

(v) Assume a resistance of 75 is added in series with the 10 mH inductor in the


circuit. Output resistor R is given as 127 . Based on this arrangement of low
pass filter, propose the value of cutoff frequency, c.

(U, A, C, 2 marks)

(b) Fig. 4(b) shows a passive high-pass filter.

Fig. 4(b)
i)

Determine the transfer function in frequency domain, H(j) = vO(j)/vi(j).


(U, A, 2 marks)

ii)

What is H(j) at cut off frequency c?

(U, A, 4 marks)

iii)

If c is increased to 5c, how does the transfer function H(jc) changed?


(U, A, C, 4 marks)

Circuit Analysis

ECE 2132

Q5 [20 marks]
a)

Fig. 5(a) shows a circuit for an active filter.

+
vi

+
vo
-

Fig. 5(a)
i) Find the transfer function vo/vi of the circuit.

(U, A, 6 marks)

ii) Given, R1 = 400 k, R2 = 5 k, C1 = 50 F and C2 = 10 F. Evaluate the center


frequency, bandwidth, gain, cutoff frequencies and the quality for this band-pass
filter.
b)

(U, A, E, C, 6 marks)

Find the solution of z parameters for the circuit in Fig. 5(b).

Fig. 5(b)

(U, A, 8 marks)