Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

Purpose of Miniature Circuit Breakers (MCBs)

Power Distribution Units

Power distribution: industrial, military, IT, OEM and custom.

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Using
Using Miniature
Miniature Circuit
Circuit Breaker
Breaker (MCB)
(MCB) -- (on
(on photo:
photo: Acti
Acti 9,
9, the
the new
new DIN
DIN rail
rail miniature
miniature circuit
circuit breaker
breaker (MCB)
(MCB) by
by Schneider
Schneider Electric)
Electric)

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Principle of operation and design


Miniature circuit breakers (MCB) are primarily designed to protect cables and lines against overload (thermal) and short-circuit (electromagnetic).
They thus care for protecting this electrical equipment against excessive temperature rises and destruction in the event of a short-circuit.

Miniature circuit breakers are used in distribution networks in homes and in industrial applications.

They meet the requirements for different applications by various designs and with the aid of a comprehensive range of accessories (for example auxiliary
and signal contacts etc.).
The structural shape of all line protection switches is similar. Certain dimensions are defined by the installation standards (in some cases national). The
major differences lie in the widths (for example 12.5 and 17.5 mm ) or depths (for example 68 and 92.5 mm ).
The breaking capacity is one of the factors that determine the size.

Standards, tripping characteristics and rated switching capacity


MCBs are subject to international and national norms. The design and test requirements are defined in the standard IEC 60898.
For the various applications three trip characteristics B, C and D are defined in IEC 60898 (Figure 1):

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Figure
Figure 11 -- The
The tripping
tripping characteristics
characteristics B,
B, C
C and
and D
D under
under IEC
IEC 60898
60898 are
are
distinguished
distinguished by
by the
the trip
trip level
level of
of the
the short-circuit
short-circuit trigger
trigger

The tripping characteristics B, C and D under IEC 60898 are distinguished by the trip level of the short-circuit trigger
Trip characteristic B is the standard characteristic for wall outlet circuits in domestic and utility buildings (I> 3 5*Ie)
Trip characteristic C is advantageous when using electrical equipment with higher inrush currents as for example of lamps and motors (I> 5
10*Ie)
Trip characteristic D is adapted to electrical equipment that can produce strong current surges such as transformers, electromagnetic valves or
capacitors (I> 10 20*Ie)

AC miniature circuit breakers are normally suitable for single-phase and three-phase supplies up to a rated voltage of 240/415V and AC-DC
MCBs additionally for direct voltage supplies up to rated voltages of 125 V, 220 V or 440 V depending on the number of poles.
Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

In addition to the quality of releasing according to the tripping characteristic, a key feature of MCBs is their rated switching capacity. They are assigned
to switching capacity classes, which indicate the maximum size of short-circuit current that can be handled.
Standard values under IEC 60898 are 1500, 3000, 4500, 6000, 10000, 20000 and 25000 A.
When selecting a MCB to protect cables and conductors, the permissible let-through-I2t values for conductors must be respected. They may not be
exceeded during clearing a short-circuit.
Therefore the I2t values in relation to the prospective short-circuit current are important characteristic of MCBs.
In some countries, miniature circuit breakers are classified according to the permissible I2t values. According to the Technical Connection Conditions
(TAB) of the German power utilities (EVU) for example only MCBs with a rated switching capacity of at least 6000 A and the energy limitation Class 3
may be used for selectivity reasons in distribution boards of domestic and utility buildings behind the meter.
For industrial applications a switching capacity of 10000 A (10 kA) is usually required.

Installation of Miniature Circuit Breakers, safety clearances


MCBs as components of installation systems are usually designed so that compliance with safety clearance requirements is assured when arranged
conform to the system structure.
Circuit breakers can cope with very high currents at high voltages when breaking short-circuits.

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Figure
Figure 22 -- ItIt isis essential
essential that
that the
the safety
safety clearances
clearances are
are observed.
observed. No
No conductive
conductive parts
parts
may
be
located
within
the
hatched
zones
such
as
metallic
walls
or
uninsulated
may be located within the hatched zones such as metallic walls or uninsulated
conductors.
conductors.

During the breaking process, the contact systems and arcing chambers consequently convert large amounts of power into heat energy.
In addition to high temperature rises of components such as contacts, de-ion plates and walls of the contact chambers, the energy converted into an
arc results in heating of the air in the contact system to several thousand degrees Celsius and hence to the formation of a conductive plasma. This
plasma is usually emitted through blow-out openings to the outside and must not reach any conductive parts to prevent secondary short-circuits.
For this season, safety clearances are specified for circuit breakers (Figure 2), within which no conductive parts for example metallic walls or
uninsulated conductors may be located.
Frequently additional insulation components (phase partition walls or covers; in some cases optional) are used. With some products, additional insulation
of the connected conductors is required in accordance with manufacturer specifications.
Non-compliance with the safety clearances can result in accidents with most severe consequences.

Example: Acti 9 MCB (VIDEO)

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Cant see this video? Click here to watch it on Youtube.

Resource: Allen Bradley Low Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear

Breaker

Air Testing

Electrical

Power Pole

Recommended EE articles //
Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

Maintenance
and testing of
the overcurrent
protective
devices

Calculating The
Short-Circuit
Heating Of
Busbars

Miniature
Circuit Breakers
(MCBs) For
Beginners

Electrical life
(durability) of
LV circuit
breakers due to
the switching
operations

Article Tags //

Filed Under Category //

mcb, miniature circuit breaker, overload, protecting, short-circuit,


switching capacity, tripping,

Energy and Power Low Voltage Protection

About Author //
Edvard Csanyi
Edvard - Electrical engineer, programmer and founder of EEP. Highly specialized for design of LV high power busbar
trunking (<6300A) in power substations, buildings and industry fascilities. Designing of LV/MV switchgears. Professional in
AutoCAD programming and web-design. Present on Google+

2 Comments

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

RSS Feed for Comments

2 Comments
can I know why MCCB of say 63 A is preffered when a similar rating of 63A MCB is available .
(reply)
(reply)

Shilpesh

O
OCT
CT 2
21
1 ,, 2
20
01
13
3

thank you very much sir i learned a lot regarding mcbs and some of doubts were clarified through u r article keep posting sir..
sir plz post regarding MCCBS AND CONTACTORS
Gowtham42

(reply)
(reply)

FE
FE B
B 0
03
3 ,, 2
20
01
13
3

Leave a Comment

RSS Feed for Comments

Tell us what you're thinking... we care about your opinion!


and oh, not to forget - if you want a picture to show with your comment, go get a free Gravatar!
N AME *

EMAIL *

WEBSIT E

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!

WE BELIEVE YO U 'R E AN EN G IN EER , BU T N EVER T H ELESS ...*

1 eight =
SIG N ME U P F O R T H E N EWSLET T ER

SUBMIT COMMENT

2015 EEP - Electrical Engineering Portal. All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | 34 queries in 0.206 seconds.

Easily create high-quality PDFs from your web pages - get a business license!