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Maus
SummativeAssignment*
English11Bradley
Duedate:Thursday,October30,2014

Objectives:
Toshowknowledgeandunderstandingofthegraphicnovel
Maus
Toshowawarenessofthewaysinwhichtheproductionandreceptionoftexts
contributetotheirmeaning
Toevaluateconflictingviewpointswithinandaboutparticularliterarytexts
Toanalyzethestyle,registerandstructureofatext

TheProduct:
An800to1,000wordformalessaythatanswersoneofthesesixquestions:
1. Howcouldthetextbereadandinterpreteddifferentlybytwodifferentreaders?
2. Ifthetexthadbeenwritteninadifferenttimeorplaceorlanguageorfora
differentaudience,howandwhymightitdiffer?
3. Howandwhyisasocialgrouprepresentedinaparticularway?
4. Whichsocialgroupsaremarginalized,excluded,orsilencedwithinthetext?
5. Howdoesthetextconformto,ordeviatefrom,theconventionsofaparticular
genre,andforwhatpurpose?(Forexampleisthisahistorytext?)
6. Howhasthetextborrowedfromothertexts,andwithwhateffects?
7. Otherproposals?Justgetitapprovedby
Mr.Bradley
priortostartingthe
writing.

Step1Completeproposalform(duenextclass)Wednesday,October22,2014
Scrolltonextpagefortheform.

Step2Outline(inclass,useformprovided):
Mustinclude:
theprescribedquestionthathasbeenchosen
thetitleofthetext(s)foranalysis
thepartofthecoursetowhichthetaskrefers
threeorfourkeypointsthatexplaintheparticularfocusofthetask

Step3Writethepaper
FormattingGuidelines:
UseMLAformatforyourwrittentask(seepage8ofthisassignmentsheet).
Atthebeginningofyouressay,copythequestionyoureanswering.
YourtaskmustbewritteninEnglish.
Youmustacknowledgeallsourcesyouuse,includingthetextthatyouare
analyzing.Youreallyshouldntneedsecondarysources.

*Note:Summativeassessmentreferstoassessmentthatsummarizeslearningattheendof
aliteratureunit.Inotherwords,thisisourendofunitassessmentfor
Maus
.

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Maus
SummativePaperTopicProposal
DueviaGoogleDriveWednesday,October22,2014
English11Bradley

Question
Answer
Whatisyour
MeganMinx
name?
Whatisthetitle
Maus
ofthetextyouare
usingasthebasis
ofyouranalysis?
1. Howcouldthetextbereadandinterpreteddifferentlybytwo
Circlethe
differentreaders?
questionyouare
2.
Ifthetexthadbeenwritteninadifferenttimeorplaceor
answering.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Whatinthetext
hasledyouto
believethatyou
cananswerthis
question
adequately?

Answerthe
questionsforthe
promptyou
chose.

Putyour
responsesbelow
thequestions.

Thespace
availableshould
giveyouan
indicationofthe
lengthofthis.Be
conciseyet
specificdonot

languageorforadifferentaudience,howandwhymightit
differ?
Howandwhyisasocialgrouprepresentedinaparticular
way?
Whichsocialgroupsaremarginalized,excludedorsilenced
withinthetext?
Howdoesthetextconformto,ordeviatefrom,theconventions
ofaparticulargenre,andforwhatpurpose?
Howhasthetextborrowedfromothertexts,andwithwhat
effects?

IbelievethatIcananswerthisquestionadequately
becauseinthebooktherearemanysocialgroupsinvolved.
Throughoutreadingthisbookthedifferentwaysthe
differentethnicgroupswerepresentedwasvery
prominent.ItwasalsoamainfocusofourSocratic
Seminarsandofmypersonalinterest.
1. Howcouldthetextbereadandinterpreteddifferentlybytwo
differentreaders?
a. Whoarethetworeaders?
b. Whatarethetwointerpretations?
c. Whyaretheseinterpretationsdifferent?
2. Ifthetexthadbeenwritteninadifferenttimeorplaceor
languageorforadifferentaudience,howandwhymightit
differ?
a. Whatisthedifferenttime,place,language,OR
audience(pickONE)?
b. Howmightthetextdiffer?
c. Whymightitdiffer?
3. Howandwhyisasocialgrouprepresentedinaparticular
way?
a. Whatsocialgroupareyoudiscussing?
b. Whatistheparticularwaythatsocialgroupis
represented?

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writeanovel,
please.

c. Howisthegroupdepictedinthatway?
d. Whyisthegroupdepictedthatway?
4. Whichsocialgroupsaremarginalized,excludedorsilenced
withinthetext?
a. Whichsocialgroupareyoudiscussing?
b. Areyoufocusingonthegroupbeingmarginalized,
excluded,ORsilenced(pickONE)?
c. Howandwhyisthismarginalization,exclusion,or
silencingoccurringinthetext?
5. Howdoesthetextconformto,ordeviatefrom,theconventions
ofaparticulargenre,andforwhatpurpose?
a. Whatgenreareyoudiscussing?
b. AreyoudiscussinghowthetextconformstoOR
deviatesfromthegenre(pickONE)?
c. Howdoestheconformingordeviatingoccurinthe
text?
d. Forwhatpurpose?
6. Howhasthetextborrowedfromothertexts,andwithwhat
effects?
a. Whatborrowedtextareyoudiscussing?
b. Howhas
Maus
borrowedfromsaidtext?
c. Whataretheeffectsofthisborrowing?

Answerstoquestionsrelatingtoyourprompt:
ThesocialgroupsthroughoutMausincludedmanydifferent,butIbelievethe
mostimportantwastheJewsandtheGermans.mTheywereallportrayedasanimalswith
theJewishbeingmiceandtheGermansbeingcats.JewsweremiceandtheGermans
werecatsclearlyduetotherelationofthecatshateandchasethemice.TheJewswere
alsoviewedasaweakandnasty,unwantedcreatures.Thecatswantedtobeseenas
superior.Theywerepresentedinsuchawaythroughthepicturesinthegraphicnovel.I
believetheauthorchosetouseagraphicnovelwastoshowallofhismetaphors,the
animalsbeingamainone,ofcourse.Itgavetheaudienceagoodwaytorelateand
understandthedifferencebetweenthegroups.Idonotthinkthatthisbookwouldhave
beennearlyasefficientnorsuccessful,ifhehadnotusedthegraphicnoveltoportraythe
socialgroupscorrectly.

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OutlineForm
Maus
SummativePaper
English11Bradley

Question
Answer
Whatisyour
MeganMinix
name?
Whatisthetitle
Maus
ofthetextyouare
usingasthebasis
ofyouranalysis?
1. Howcouldthetextbereadandinterpreteddifferentlybytwo
Circlethe
differentreaders?
questionyouare
2.
Ifthetexthadbeenwritteninadifferenttimeorplaceor
answering.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

languageorforadifferentaudience,howandwhymightit
differ?
Howandwhyisasocialgrouprepresentedinaparticular
way?
Whichsocialgroupsaremarginalized,excludedorsilenced
withinthetext?
Howdoesthetextconformto,ordeviatefrom,theconventions
ofaparticulargenre,andforwhatpurpose?
Howhasthetextborrowedfromothertexts,andwithwhat
effects?
OtherPleasewriteithere:

Whatisyour
centralargument?

Youcanrespond
intheformof
bulletpointsora
thesisstatement.

Keypoint1,
includingtextual
evidence*to
supportyour
point

*By textual
evidence, I
mean quotations
from the novel.

ThecentralargumentisthatArtSpiegalmanchosetouse
animalsinhisgraphicnovelpurposelysotheywouldbe
viewedinacertainway.
(JewsasMice.Viewedaspestsandandnasty.Theywere
lowonthetotempoleofhumans.theyhadtoscavengerfor
foodtosurvive.Theyusedpesticidestokillthem,justlike
rodents.Jewsingeneralviewedasanimals,nothuman.)
MausIIpg2530
Theystripthejewsofclothesandhair.Givethemnumbersbc
theyrenotworthaname.Giveunfittingclothesandcoldshowers.
Onespoon,etc.Beatthemasagame

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Keypoint2,
includingtextual
evidence*to
supportyour
point

*By textual
evidence, I
mean quotations
from the novel.

MausII(7072)
Theykilledjewshowtheywouldkillanimalswith
pesticides.theyburnedthemdeadoralive.

Keypoint3,
includingtextual
evidence*to
supportyour
point

*By textual
evidence, I
mean quotations
from the novel.

MausIIpg8588
Theywereshovedinacattlecartlikeanimals.trainfor
horses,cattlewelayontopoftheotherlikematches,
likeherrings

(Optionalnot
recommended)

Keypoint4,
includingtextual
evidence*to
supportyour
point

*By textual
evidence, I
mean quotations
from the novel.

MausI&IIThroughouttheentirebook.Jewsaremice,
eventhoughothersareportrayedbasedonwherethey
comefrom,whilejewsaremicenomatterwhat.

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Criteria

Advanced

Proficient

Basic/BelowBasic

Questiontypedat
thebeginningof
youressay

Yes,thequestionisretyped
atthebeginningofyour
essay.Youcopieditexactly.
(5pts)

Thereisavague
referencetothequestion
youreanswering,but
youdidnotcopyit
exactly.(3pts)

Youdidnotincludethe
questionatthe
beginningofyouressay.
(0pts)

Understandingof
thequestion

Clearlyunderstandsthe
promptandaddressesall
partsofit.
Responseisthorough,
detailed,accurateand
specific.(10pts)

Someunderstandingof
theprom
0ptaddressespartofit.
Responseisontheright
trackbutsomewhat
superficialorsometimes
inaccurate.Feelslikea
SparkNotesjob.(6pts)

Lackofunderstanding
ofthepromptdoesnot
addressprompt.
Responseisvague,
inaccurate,and/or
extremelysuperficial.
ClearlyaSparkNotes
job.(1pt)

Thesisstatement

Clear,concise,hasaso
whatfactorPresentsclear
argumentthatgoesbeyond
summaryDemonstrates
understandingofeffectof
literarytechnique(5pts)

Missingoneormoreof
clarity,conciseness,and
sowhatfactor
Presentsadequate
argumentbutmaybe
moresummarythan
analysisadequate
understandingofeffectof
literarytechnique(3pts)

Unclear,wordy,
confusing,orlackingin
asowhatfactor
Lacksargumentlacks
understandingofeffect
ofliterarytechnique(1
pt)

Bodyofpaper

Pointsclearlysupportthesis
Usesrelevantquotationsto
supportideasdevelops
thoroughargumentclear
understandingofhowstyle
effectsmeaning(10pts)

Pointssometimessupport
thesisQuotationsare
moredescriptivethan
analyticaldevelopsbasic
argumentsuperficial
understandingofhow
styleaffectsmeaning
OR:Yourideasmatch
yourthesis,butbecause
yourthesiswasnotan
argument,neitherisyour
paper.
(6pts)

Pointsdonotsupport
thesis
Paperisallsummary
lacksanalysis
Lacksunderstandingof
howstyleaffects
meaning

(automaticdeductionof
5ptsinthiscategoryif
therearenoquotations
atall)

Organization

Strongintroduction,
transitions,andconclusion.
Thesisstatementfoundin
thefirstparagraph
Conclusionsynthesizes
ideasanddoesnotintroduce
newinformation
Logicalsequenceofideas
withinandbetween
paragraphs.
(5pts)

Adequateintroduction,
transitions,and
conclusion.
Thesisstatementfound
laterintheessay.
Conclusionrestates
ideasadequatesequence
ofideas
(3pts)

Missingorpoor
introduction,transitions,
and/orconclusion
nothesisstatementtobe
found
Endsabruptlylacks
senseofclosureideas
areallovertheplace
lacksfocusand
sequence
(1pt)

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Quotation
integration

Clickherefora
videotutorial!
http://goo.gl/iA8B
nI

Quotationsembeddedinto
ownsentencesextremely
smoothly.Quotationsdonot
standalone.Youneverrefer
toquotationsasquotesor
quotationsinyour
sentences.(5pts)

Quotationsembedded
intopapersomewhat
smoothlystilltoomuch
fillerlikeonpage35or
youcanseethisinthis
quote.Yourefertoa
quotationasaquoteor
quotationonce.(3pts)

Quotationsplacedin
paperinaclunky
mannerQuotations
standaloneandarenot
embeddedintoyourown
sentencesYourefertoa
quotationasaquoteor
quotationmultiple
times.(1pt)

(automaticzerointhis
categoryifthereareno
quotationsatall)

Sentence
structure/word
choice

Effectively uses variety of


sentence types to create a
smooth flow; Sentences
are clear;
Uses words correctly;
effectively uses a varied,
vivid vocabulary; finds the
delicate balance between
sounding sophisticated
and purple prose (5 pts)

Overallsmoothwriting
someissuew/sentence
structure,buttheydont
necessarilyinterferewith
meaning
Attempts to use a
sophisticated
vocabulary; may misuse
words from time to
time (3 pts)

Issuesw/sentence
structureinterferewith
meaning
Many words used
incorrectly; vocabulary
is bland OR too much
purple prose (1 pt)

Conventions

Engaging,formal,and
objectivetoneveryfew
grammarerrorsconsistently
usespresenttenseverbs(5
pts)

Formaltoneahandfulof
grammarerrors,but
theyrenotoverly
distractingusuallyuses
presenttenseverbs(3
pts)

Limitedawarenessofor
inconsistenttoneMany
grammarerrorsthat
distractfromthecontent
ofthepaper(1pt)

Format(MLA)
TimesNew
Roman12
Doublespaced
MLAheading
Headerw/page#
Descriptivetitle
(inadditiontothe
copiedquestion)
Margins(1or1.25
inches)
Intextcitations
Workscitedpage

Zeroerrors(5pts)
Twoerrors(3pts)

Seelastpageofthishandout
forsampleformat!

Fourormoreerrors
(1pt)

Wordcount

8001,000words

Wordcounttypedattheend
oftheessay

Example
Wordcount:947
(5pts)

749orfewerwords

OR

1,051ormorewords

Wordcountnottypedat
theendoftheessay
(1pt)

750799words

OR

1,0011,050words

Wordcounttypedatthe
endoftheessay
(3pts)

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Maus
SummativeRubricConversion:
60=100

59=99

58=98

57=97

56=96

55=95

54=94

53=93

52=92

51=91

50=90

49=89

48=89

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45=87

44=86

43=85

42=85

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40=83

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34=79

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32=78

31=78

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25=72

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14=63

13=62

12=60

11=60

10=60

9=59

8=58

7=57

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MeganMinix
Mr.Bradley
English11
10/27/14
MausSummativeEssay
Howandwhyisasocialgrouprepresentedinaparticularway?
ArtSpiegelmanwrotetwobooksbasedonhisfathe
rs
reallifeexperiencesinthe
Holocaust,MausIandMausII.Hepublishedbothbooksasgraphicnovels.Spiegelman
purposelychosetouseanimalsinhisgraphicnoveltoportraythedifferentsocialgroups,
forhedidnotwantthemtojustshowthedifferencebetweenthegroups,buttoalsohave
themviewedinacertainlight.Themostprominentandpurposefulonewouldbethe
miceastheJewish.ArtwantedtheJewstobeseenhoweveryonethoughtofthematthat
time,whichwasnotpretty.Theywereseenasnastyvarmintstothesocietyanditis
shownseveraltimesthroughoutbothbooks.
OneoftheveryfirstandalsoverybasicreasonsofchoosingmiceastheJewswas
simplybecausetheywereseenaspests,sowhatbetterofanideathantodrawthemthan
asanactualrodent.Theywereverylowonthetotempoleofsocietyandthatwasmeant
tobeveryclear.Also,drawingthemasmiceworkedwellsincetheGermanswere
illustratedascatsanditrepresentedtherelationbetweenthetwo.Itdemonstratedhow
theGermansweremoresuperiorandwantedtoexterminateandkillthemice.Howthe
Jewsweretreated,thoughtofandhowtheylivedoverall,wasjustverysimilartothe
micemetaphor.
TheJewsintheHolocaustweretreatedunbelievablyterrible.Antisemitists
blamedtheJewsforbasicallyallofthemisfortuneintheworldandmadeitutterlyclear

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thattheytrulybelievedtheJewswerecompletelyunworthyoflifeitself.WhenVladek
firstarrivestoAuschwitzitisacriticsceneforprovingthis.Afterthefirstdivision,the
prisonerswerebarkedattoundressandtoleaveallvaluablesbehind.TheGermansalso
shavedthembare,similartoanakedmolerat.Theywerethenorderedtothebathhouse,
wheretheytookfreezingcoldshowers.AftertheJewswereshowered,theyranthrough
thesnowwheretheyreceivedclothing,whichwasmorethanlikelynotfitting,andwere
registeredwithIDnumbers.Inthisscenetheywerenottreatedashumans,fortheywere
stolenoftheirbelongings,hairandidentity.TheJewswerenotevenworthyofaname,
letalonetheveryluxuryofadecentshowerorofowninganything.Ifaprisonersdaredto
askforanewsizeofclothingtheresultwasnotgoodinanysortofway.Artillustratedin
thebookaPolishpigslappingtheJewwithhiswoodenshoeashesaysMaybeNOW
theyllfit!(MausII26).ThistrulyshowstheGermansnoranyoneelsecaredforthe
Jewsinanyway.
Alongwithbeingadisgracetothehumanrace,Jewswereliterallyseenand
treatedasavarmint.TheJewishcharacterscanbeidentifiedasthemicemiceare
consideredtobethepestsoftheanimalskingdom,whileantisemitistsbelievethatJews
arethepeststothehumanrace(meganni.wordpress.com).Thisquoteperfectlyexplains
therelationshipbetweentheJewsandthemice,fortheytrulyweretreatedasarodent
throughouttheHolocaust.ForinMausII,itisexplainedhowtheZyklonB,apesticide,
droppedintohollowcolumns(71)isusedinordertoexterminatetheJewishprisoners.
TheJewswerekilledthesamewayanactualmousewouldbe.Theywerefirsttricked
andtrappedintothebathhousechamberandwerethenmurderedwithanactualpesticide
gasthebodieswereshoveledintotheovenscarelesslyaftertheyhadalldeceased.This
ofcoursewasnottheonlywaytheJewswerekilled.Someofthedeadandsomeofthe

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livewereshovedintoamassivegraveandthendrenchedwithgas.Theluckywere
alreadydead,whiletheoneswhohadmanagedtostayalivethatfarwereburnedtodeath.
Sonotonlywerethejewslivingdisgracefully,buttheywerenotevenworthyofan
acceptabledeath.
TheJewishwereconstantlytreatedasanimals.Forexample,theywerebasically
confinedandcaged,similartoanimals.Theywereforcedtocommitinhumanechoices
utterlytojustsurvive.Otherwaystheyweretreatedlikeananimalparticularywaswhen
theywerejampackedintoatrainwhentheywereleavingAuschwitz.Vladekexplainedit
as..atrainforhorses,forcows(MausII85).Theywereshovedinuntiltherewas
absolutelynoroomandthecurrentstateofbeinginasuchatightplacewasridiculous.
Vladekhimselfhintedtowardsthemetaphorfordirectlycallingthemallanimals,We
layontoptheother,likematches,likeherrings(85).Thisisdirectlymakingthe
connectionofthembeingseenasanimalsandgivingArtareasonforportrayingtheJews
thisway.Vladekalsosaid,HighupIsawhookstochainupmaybetheanimals,(85)
furtherprovingtheanimalconnection.
Spiegelmanhadseveralreasonsforchoosinganimalstorenderthedifferentsocial
groupsinhisgraphicnovel.Manyofthesereasonsareportrayedthroughtheuseofmice
asJewsspecifically.TheseincludethefactoftheJewssimplybeingablemishtothe
humanraceorarodent.Theywereobviouslythoughtverypoorlyof,consideringthey
werethetargetofagenocideandwerebrutallytreatedwhilealiveanddead.Alsothe
veryobviousreasonsofthemetaphorbetweenthecatandmousevsGermansandJews.
I'mThereisundeniableproofoftheJewsbeingseenasanimals,specificallyvarmints,
andthisfurtherconfirmsArtsreasoningbehindillustratingthepeopleasanimals.
WordCount:923

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WorksCited
"ArtSpiegelman:MaskMetaphorsinMaus."
OfficiallyDigitally
.OfficiallyDigital
Blog,n.d.Web.31Oct.2014.
<http://meganni.wordpress.com/essays2/artspiegelmanmaskmetaphorsinmaus/>.
Spiegelman,Art.
MausI.
NewYork:PantheonBooks,1992
Spiegelman,Art.
MausII.
NewYork:PantheonBooks,1992

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