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COLOR VIDEO PRINTER

UP-20
UP-21MD
SERVICE MANUAL
Volume 1 1st Edition (Revised 2)

! WARNING
This manual is intended for qualified service personnel only.
To reduce the risk of electric shock, fire or injury, do not perform any servicing other than that
contained in the operating instructions unless you are qualified to do so. Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel.

! WARNUNG
Die Anleitung ist nur fr qualifiziertes Fachpersonal bestimmt.
Alle Wartungsarbeiten drfen nur von qualifiziertem Fachpersonal ausgefhrt werden. Um die
Gefahr eines elektrischen Schlages, Feuergefahr und Verletzungen zu vermeiden, sind bei
Wartungsarbeiten strikt die Angaben in der Anleitung zu befolgen. Andere als die angegeben
Wartungsarbeiten drfen nur von Personen ausgefhrt werden, die eine spezielle Befhigung
dazu besitzen.

! AVERTISSEMENT
Ce manual est destin uniquement aux personnes comptentes en charge de lentretien. Afin
de rduire les risques de dcharge lectrique, dincendie ou de blessure neffectuer que les
rparations indiques dans le mode demploi moins dtre qualifi pour en effectuer dautres.
Pour toute rparation faire appel une personne comptente uniquement.

UP-20/21MD V1

Table of Contents
Manual Structure
Purpose of this manual .............................................................................................. 3
Related manuals ......................................................................................................... 3

1. Service Information
1-1.
1-2.
1-3.

1-4.

1-5.

Board Location ............................................................................................ 1-1


Main Parts Location .................................................................................... 1-1
Removal and Installation of Cabinet ........................................................... 1-2
1-3-1. Top Cover ................................................................................... 1-2
1-3-2. Ribbon Panel Assembly ............................................................. 1-2
1-3-3. Front Panel Assembly ................................................................ 1-3
Replacement of Main Parts ......................................................................... 1-4
1-4-1. Mechanical Deck Assembly ....................................................... 1-4
1-4-2. DC Fan ....................................................................................... 1-6
1-4-3. Head Assembly .......................................................................... 1-6
1-4-4. DC Motor Assembly .................................................................. 1-7
1-4-5. Stepping Motor Assembly .......................................................... 1-8
1-4-6. Grip Belt ..................................................................................... 1-8
1-4-7. Tray Guide Assembly (2) ........................................................... 1-9
1-4-8. S2/RIBBON Sensor Board ....................................................... 1-10
1-4-9. S1 Sensor Board ....................................................................... 1-11
1-4-10. S8/S9 Sensor Board .................................................................. 1-11
1-4-11. Eject Roller Assembly .............................................................. 1-12
1-4-12. Photo Sensor ............................................................................. 1-12
1-4-13. Interlock Switch Assembly ...................................................... 1-13
1-4-14. Limit Rubber ............................................................................ 1-13
1-4-15. Grip Roller 2 Assembly ........................................................... 1-14
1-4-16. Platen Roller ............................................................................. 1-15
1-4-17. Pinch Roller .............................................................................. 1-15
1-4-18. Cam Gear/Cam R ..................................................................... 1-16
Unleaded Solder ........................................................................................ 1-18

2. Electrical Alignment and Mechanical Alignment


2-1.

2-2.

UP-20/21MD V1

Electrical Adjustment .................................................................................. 2-1


2-1-1. Density Adjustment during Thermal Head Replacement .......... 2-1
2-1-2. Output of Test Pattern (Internal Signal) in Service Mode ......... 2-3
2-1-3. Electrical Adjustment (Analog Video Block) ............................ 2-4
Mechanical Adjustment .............................................................................. 2-8
2-2-1. Mechanical Adjustment Mode ................................................... 2-8
2-2-2. Entering the Mechanical Adjustment Mode .............................. 2-8
2-2-3. Normal Operation Check and Automatic Adjustment ............... 2-9

3. Sensor Arrangement and Functional Description


4. Circuit Operation Description
4-1.

4-2.

4-3.

4-4.

Digital Video Signal Processing Block ....................................................... 4-1


4-1-1. Outline ........................................................................................ 4-1
4-1-2. Flow of Image Signal in Each Operating Mode ......................... 4-2
4-1-3. Basic Operation Timing and CPU Block ................................... 4-6
4-1-4. Memory (DRAM) Block .......................................................... 4-10
4-1-5. Memory Control Block ............................................................ 4-11
4-1-6. Color Adjustment Block .......................................................... 4-13
4-1-7. Sampling Clock Generation Block ........................................... 4-14
4-1-8. Masking Block ......................................................................... 4-14
4-1-9. A/D and D/A Conversion Blocks ............................................. 4-14
Analog Video Signal Processing Block .................................................... 4-15
4-2-1. Outline ...................................................................................... 4-15
4-2-2. Interface Block (IF-851 Board) ................................................ 4-15
4-2-3. Analog Video Signal Processing Block
(Part of VPR-74 Board) ........................................................... 4-16
Operation Description of Print Control Block Circuit .............................. 4-23
4-3-1. CPU Flowchart ......................................................................... 4-23
4-3-2. CPU (IC302) Memory Map ..................................................... 4-23
4-3-3. Outline of Motor Drive Function Blocks ................................. 4-24
4-3-4. Outline of Sensor Detection Circuits ....................................... 4-26
4-3-5. Head Control Block .................................................................. 4-31
Circuit Operation Description of System Control Block .......................... 4-33
4-4-1. Special Mode and Special Operating Method .......................... 4-33
4-4-2. Address Map ............................................................................ 4-33
4-4-3. Circuit Operation ...................................................................... 4-34
4-4-4. Communication with Internal CPU in Unit ............................. 4-35
4-4-5. Analog Video Block (VA) Control on the VPR-74 Board ...... 4-36
4-4-6. RS Communication Control ..................................................... 4-38
4-4-7. Media Protection such for Software ......................................... 4-38

5. Troubleshooting
5-1.
5-2.

Video (Image) Related Trouble .................................................................. 5-1


Mechanical Troubleshooting ....................................................................... 5-3

Mechanical Trouble NG Code List

UP-20/21MD V1

Manual Structure
Purpose of this manual
This manual is the Service Manual Vol.1 of the Color Video Printer UP-20/UP21MD.
This manual contains the service information, electrical alignment and mechanical
alignment, sensor arrangement and functional description, circuit operation
description and troubleshooting.

Related manuals
In addition to this Service Manual Vol.1, the following manual is provided.
. Service Manual Vol.2
Part No.: 9-955-307-XX (for J, UC, CE)
Contains the semiconductor pin assignment, spare parts, block diagrams,
schematic diagrams and board layouts.
. Instruction Manual
Part No.: 3-206-154-XX
This manual describes the information required for the actual management and
operation of this unit.
. Semiconductor Pin Assignments CD-ROM (Available on request)
This Semiconductor Pin Assignments CD-ROM allows you to search for
semiconductors used in B&P Company equipment.
Semiconductors that cannot be searched for on this CD-ROM are listed in the
service manual for the corresponding unit. The service manual contains a complete list of all semiconductors and their ID Nos., and thus should be used together
with the CD-ROM.
Part number: 9-968-546-XX

UP-20/21MD V1

Section 1
Service Information
The illustrations of this section use UP-21MD. For spare
parts of each model, refer to Section 7 Spare Parts. The
following describes the differences of board name between
models.
Board name

Model names

KEY-49

UP-21MD

KEY-51

UP-20

MEC-15

UP-21MD

MEC-20

UP-20

SE-642

UP-21MD

SE-683

UP-20

1-2. Main Parts Location


Switching regulator
DC motor
DC fan
Stepping motor

* Any other boards describes in above are in common use between models.

1-1. Board Location


Mechanical deck assembly
SW-1081 board
IF-851 board
VPR-74 board

IF-852 board
KEY-49/
KEY-51 board

MEC-15/MEC-20 board
SY-299 board

SE-642/SE-683 board

S2/RIBBON sensor board


S11 sensor board

S8/S9 sensor board


S1 sensor board

UP-20/21MD V1

1-1

1-3. Removal and Installation of Cabinet

1-3-2. Ribbon Panel Assembly

1-3-1. Top Cover

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Pull out the paper tray assembly in the direction
indicated by arrow 1.
3. Release the door eject lever and pull out the ribbon
panel assembly in the direction indicated by arrow 2.
4. Pull out the print media in the direction indicated by
arrow 3.

1. Remove the five M3 case fixing screws and then


remove the top cover.
Top cover
M3 case
fixing screw

Print media

M3 case
fixing screws

M3 case
fixing screws

Ribbon panel assembly

Door eject lever


1
Paper tray assembly

2. Re-attach the top cover in the reverse order of step 1.

5. Remove the four screws and two thrust retainer bosses,


and then open the VPR-74 board in the direction
indicated by the arrow.
6. Disconnect the flexible flat cable from the connector
(CN203) on the SY-299 board.
VPR-74 board
BVTT 3x6

Thrust
retainer
bosses
Connector
(CN203)

Flexible flat cable

1-2

SY-299 board

UP-20/21MD V1

7. Remove the front panel. (Refer to Section 1-3-3.)


8. Remove the two screws (BVTT 3 x 6) and then
remove the door stoppers ((L) and (R)).
9. Insert pins into the two holes of sliders and remove the
ribbon panel assembly.
10. Remove the two screws (BVTT 3 x 6) and four claws,
then remove the ribbon panel.
11. Disconnect one flexible flat cable and one harness
from the connectors (CN301 and CN302) on the KEY49 or KEY-51 board.
12. Remove the four screws (BVTT 3 x 6), then remove
the KEY-49 or KEY-51 board.
13. Remove the four screws (BVTT 3 x 6), then remove
the front plate assembly.
14. Remove one screw (PTT 2 x 10), then remove the
interlock plate and SE-642 or SE-683 board.

1-3-3. Front Panel Assembly


1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the paper tray assembly. (Refer to Section 13-2.)
3. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
4. Remove the four screws and four claws and then
remove the front panel assembly.

BVTT 3x6
Claw

Door stopper (L)

Slider

BVTT
3x6

Front panel
assembly

Pin
Ribbon panel
assembly

Claw
BVTT 3x6

Claw
Front panel assembly
Pin

Slider

Door
stopper (R)

Connector
(CN301)
KEY-49/
KEY-51
board

Door front
plate assembly
Connector BVTT
3x6
(CN302)

Claw

BVTT
3x6

Flexible flat cable

5. Re-attach the front panel assembly in the reverse order


of steps 1 to 4.

Harness

BVTT
3x6

BVTT
3x6
A

BVTT
3x6
Claws

SE-642/
SE-683
board

PTT
2x10
Interlock
plate

Claws
Ribbon panel

Door base
assembly

15. Re-attach the ribbon panel assembly in the reverse


order of steps 1 to 14.
UP-20/21MD V1

1-3

1-4. Replacement of Main Parts


1-4-1. Mechanical Deck Assembly
1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the four screws and two thrust retainer basses,
and then disconnect the four flexible flat cables and
one harness from the connectors (CN102, CN301,
CN401, CN601, and CN901) on the VPR-74 board.
3. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
4. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
5. Disconnect the four flexible flat cables from the
connectors (CN201, CN301, CN302, and CN401) on
the SY-299 board.
6. Remove the four screws, then remove the SY-299
board and mechanical partition plate.

7. Remove the two screws and then remove the front stay
assembly.
8. Remove the rod stopper from the switch on the SW1081 board.
n
When attaching the rod stopper, refer to Fig. 1.
9. Remove the power button and spring compression,
then remove the power switch rod.

Power switch rod

Spring
compression

Crooves
Switch
Rod stopper
Fig.1

Flexible flat cables

VPR-74 board

Connector
(CN401)
Connector
(CN301)
Connector
(CN302)
Connector
(CN201)

Flexible
flat cables

Power switch rod

BVTT
3x6

BVTT
Thrust 3x6
retainer
bosses
Connector
(CN901)
Connector
(CN401)
Connector
(CN601)
Connector
(CN301)

Harness

SW-1081
board

Connector
(CN102)

Switch

Flexible
flat cables

Spring compression
Rod stopper

BVTT
3x6
BVTT
3x6

BVTT
3x6

Front stay assembly

SY-299
board
Mechanical
partition plate

Power switch rod

BVTT
3x6

Power button

1-4

UP-20/21MD V1

10. Remove the two screws (B 4 x 20) and then remove


the DC fan.
11. Disconnect the two harnesses from the connectors
(CN201 and CN207) on the MEC-15 or MEC-20
board.
12. Disconnect one harness connected to the thermal head
from the switching regulator.
13. Remove the four screws (BVTT 3 x 6) and then
remove the mechanical deck assembly in the direction
indicated by the arrow.
MEC-15/MEC-20 board
Connector
(CN201)

Connector
(CN207)

Harnesses

14. Disconnect the five harnesses from the connectors


(CN105, CN203, CN204, CN205, and CN206) and the
four flexible flat cables from the connectors (CN102,
CN103, CN104, and CN106) on the MEC-15 or MEC20 board.
15. Remove the three screws and then remove the MEC15 or MEC-20 board.
Flexible flat cable

Mechanical
deck
assembly

Harnesses

Connector
(CN206)
Connector
(CN205)
Connector
(CN102)

Connector
(CN204)

Flexible
flat
cables

BVTT
3x6

Connector
(CN203)

Thermal
head
B
B 4x20

Harness

Harnesses
Mechanical
deck assembly

BVTT
3x6
Connector
(CN106)

DC fan

Connector
(CN103)

BVTT
3x6

Connector
(CN105)

Connector
(CN104)

MEC-15/MEC-20 board

16. Attach mechanical deck assembly in the reverse order


of steps 1 to 15.

A
B

Switching
regulator
BVTT
3x6

UP-20/21MD V1

1-5

1-4-2. DC Fan

1-4-3. Head Assembly

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Cut the band and remove the two harness.
6. Remove the screw (PSW 2.5x6), then remove the
head harness cover.
7. Remove the two screws (M 3x14), then remove the
DC fan.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly and MEC-15
or MEC-20 board. (Refer to Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the DC fan. (Refer to Section 1-4-2.)
6. Remove the two screws (M 2.5 x 8), then remove the
head assembly.
7. Disconnect one flexible flat cable and one harness
from the head assembly.

M 3x14

Harness

DC fan
Harness

To switching
regurator

M 2.5x8
To SY-299
board

PSW 2.5x6

Head harness
cover

Flexible flat
cable

Head assembly

To MEC-15/
MEC-20 board

To switching
regulator

Harness

Band

8. Attach the DC fan in the reverse order of steps 1 to 7.

1-6

8. Attach the head assembly in the reverse order of steps


1 to 7.

UP-20/21MD V1

n
When attaching the head assembly, push it in the direction
indicated by the arrow, then attach the screw A first and
then the screw B.

Rear side

Front side

Screw

Screw

Head assembly
DC motor bracket
Screw

Screw A

Screw B
DC motor bracket
M 2.6x4
DC motor assembly
Band

Front side

1-4-4. DC Motor Assembly


1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the three screws (M 2.6 x 4), then remove the
DC motor bracket.
6. Remove the torque limitter, wheel gear, planetary gear
1 assembly, and three DC gear bearings.
7. Cut the three bands.
8. Remove the two screws (M 3 x 4), then remove the
DC motor assembly.
9. Remove one harness from the connector (CN205) on
the MEC-15 or MEC-20 board.

M 3x4

DC gear bearing

Planetary gear 1
assembly
MEC-15/MEC-20
board

DC gear
bearing

CN205
Wheel gear

Torque limitter
Bands
Harness

10. Attach the DC motor assembly in the reverse order of


steps 1 to 9.
n
When attaching the DC motor bracket, temporarily
secure it with the three screws, then turn the DC motor
bracket counterclockwise and fully tighten the screws.

UP-20/21MD V1

1-7

1-4-5. Stepping Motor Assembly

1-4-6. Grip Belt

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Disconnect the harness from the stepping motor
assembly.
6. Remove the two screws, then remove the stepping
motor assembly.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the stepping motor. (Refer to Section 1-4-5.)
7. Remove the release lever spring.
8. Remove the three screws, then remove the stepping
motor bracket in the direction indicated by the arrow.
9. Remove the grip belt.

Stepping motor
assembly

Harness

M 3x6

M 2.6x4
Grip belt

Release lever
spring
M 2.6x4

Stepping motor
bracket

7. Attach the stepping motor assembly in the reverse


order of steps 1 to 6.
n
When attaching the stepping motor assembly, set the
assembly in the direction indicated by the arrow, then
tighten the two screws.

1-8

10. Attach the grip belt in the reverse order of steps 1 to 9.

UP-20/21MD V1

1-4-7. Tray Guide Assembly (2)


n
For the replacement of the S11 sensor board, please buy
tray guide assembly (2) because S11 sensor board is not
prepared for spare parts.
1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the four screws (M 2.6 x 4), then remove the
front beam.
6. Remove one screw (M 2.6 x 4), then remove the
electrostatic plate spring.
7. Remove the two screws (M 2 x 6), two poli-wahers 2
and four claws, then remove the sensor guide assembly
(2).
8. Remove the two screws (M 2.6 x 4), then remove the
tray guide assembly (2).
9. Remove the one flexible flat cable from the connector
on the S11 sensor board.

M 2x6
Sensor guide
assembly (2)

Two poli-washers 2

M 2.6x4

Flexible flat
cable
Electrode
side
Claws
Connector
S11
sensor
board

Electrostatic
plate spring
Claws

Tray guide
assembly (2)
M 2.6x4

M 2.6x4

Front beam
M 2.6x4

10. Attach the tray guide assembly (2) in the reverse order
of steps 1 to 9.

UP-20/21MD V1

1-9

1-4-8. S2/RIBBON Sensor Board


n
The three claws securing the S2/RIBBON sensor board are
easily broken, therefore be careful not to break the hooks
when removing and attaching the board.
1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 1-3-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the four claws, then remove the sensor guide
assembly (2).
7. Remove the electrostatic plate in the direction
indicated by the arrow.
8. Pull out the two claws of the connector on the S2/
RIBBON sensor board, then disconnect one flexible
flat cable.
9. Remove the three claws, then the S2/RIBBON sensor
board.

n
When routing the flexible flat cable, be sure to route it
under the paper eject guide 3.
Paper eject guide 3
S2/RIBBON
sensor board

Flexible flat
cable

Sensor guide
assembly

Electrostatic plate

Sensor guide
assembly (2)
Claws

Flexible
flat cable

S2/RIBBON
sensor board
Claw CN1 Claw
Claws
Electrode
side

Tray guide assembly (2)


Claws

10. Attach the S2/RIBBON sensor board in the reverse


order of steps 1 to 9.
1-10

UP-20/21MD V1

1-4-9. S1 Sensor Board

1-4-10. S8/S9 Sensor Board

n
The claw securing the S1 sensor board is easily broken,
therefore be careful not to break the hooks when removing
and attaching the board.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove one screw, disconnect one flexible flat cable,
and remove the S8/S9 sensor board.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the two claws, then remove the pick roller
assembly.
7. Remove one claw, disconnect one flexible flat cable,
and remove the S1 sensor board.
Tray guide assembly (2)

Flexible flat cable

M 2.6x4

Claws
Groove

S8/S9 sensor board

6. Attach the S8/S9 sensor board in the reverse order of


steps 1 to 5.
Spring
Flexible flat
cable

S1 sensor board
Pick roller assembly

8. Attach the S1 sensor board in the reverse order of steps


1 to 7.
n
When attaching the pick roller assembly, be sure to
securely attach the spring of the tray guide assembly
(2) to the groove.

UP-20/21MD V1

1-11

1-4-11. Eject Roller Assembly

1-4-12. Photo Sensor

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the sensor guide assembly (2). (Refer to
Section 1-4-8.)
7. Remove the two claws, then remove the eject roller
assembly.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Disconnect one harness from the connector (CN105)
on the MEC-15 or MEC-20 board.
6. Remove the four claws from the mechanical deck
chassis, then remove the photo sensor.
Photo sensor

Claws

Sensor guide assembly (2)

Claws

Claw
Eject roller
assembly
Claw

Tray guide assembly (2)

8. Attach the eject roller assembly in the reverse order of


steps 1 to 7.

TO MEC-15/
MEC-20 board
CN105

Mechanical deck chassis

Photo sensor

7. Attach the photo sensor in the reverse order of steps 1


to 6.

1-12

UP-20/21MD V1

1-4-13. Interlock Switch Assembly

1-4-14. Limit Rubber

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Disconnect one harness from the connector (CN203)
on the MEC-15 or MEC-20 board.
6. Remove one screw, then remove the interlock switch
assembly.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the limit rubber.

Portion C

M 2.6x4
Front side
A

Limit rubber
Limit rubber
cover

TO MEC-15/MEC-20 board
CN203
Interlock swtich
assembly

7. Attach the interlock switch assembly in the reverse


order of steps 1 to 6.
n
When attaching the interlock switch assembly, make
sure that the assembly is properly oriented.

UP-20/21MD V1

7. Attach the limit rubber in the reverse order of steps 1


to 6.
m
. When attaching the limit rubber, be careful of its
orientation, and attach A first and then B.
. After attaching the limit rubber, clean the portion C
with alcohol.

1-13

1-4-15. Grip Roller 2 Assembly


Grip roller 2 assembly

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the stepping motor bracket. (Refer to Section
1-4-6.)
7. Remove one retaining ring, then remove the grip gear
2 and grip roller bearing.
8. Remove discharge (midway) gear and one poliwasher.
9. Remove the two pinch springs.
10. Insert the protection paper in between the pinch roller
and grip roller 2 assembly, then slowly pull out the
grip roller 2 assembly in the direction indicated by the
arrow.
11. Remove the collar (right) from the grip roller 2
assembly.

Pinch roller

Protection paper

Grip roller 2 assembly


Collar (right)

Hole
Chassis

Pinch springs

E3

Poli-washer
Discharge
(midway) gear

Grip gear 2
Grip roller bearing

12. Attach the grip roller 2 assembly in the reverse order


of steps 1 to 11.
n
When attaching the grip roller 2 assembly, be careful
not to damage it at the hole of chassis.

1-14

UP-20/21MD V1

1-4-16. Platen Roller

1-4-17. Pinch Roller

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the grip gear 2 and grip roller bearing. (Refer
to step 7 of Section 1-4-15.)
7. Remove the two pressure springs.
8. Move the two pressure levers in the direction indicated
by the arrow A, then remove the platen roller and two
platen roller bearings in the direction indicated by the
arrow B.

1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)


2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove the tray guide assembly (2). (Refer to Section
1-4-7.)
6. Remove the two pinch springs.
7. Remove one retaining ring, then remove the pinch
roller in the direction indicated by the arrow.
8. Remove the pinch roller and two bearings.
Bearing

Bearing
E3
Pinch roller

Bottom of chassis
Pressure
spring

Front side

Platen roller bearing

Platen roller
Platen roller bearing
B

Pressure
spring

A
Pinch springs

Pressure
lever

9. Attach the pinch roller in the reverse order of steps 1


to 8.

9. Attach the platen roller in the reverse order of steps 1


to 8.

UP-20/21MD V1

1-15

1-4-18. Cam Gear/Cam R


Removal
1. Remove the top cover. (Refer to Section 1-3-1.)
2. Remove the ribbon panel assembly. (Refer to Section
1-3-2.)
3. Remove the front panel assembly. (Refer to Section 13-3.)
4. Remove the mechanical deck assembly. (Refer to
Section 1-4-1.)
5. Remove one flexible flat cable from the clamper.
6. Remove the two screws, then remove the beam (1).
7. Remove one retaining ring, then remove the cam R.

8. Remove the cam connecting shaft in the direction


indicated by the arrow.
9. Remove the cam mounting bracket and two cam
connecting gear bearings.
10. Remove the two spring pins, then remove the cam
gear.
11. Remove the two sheets of cam felt from the cam
mounting bracket.
Cam connecting
gear bearing
Cam mounting
bracket
Spring pin

Flexible flat cable


Clamper

Cam gear
M 2.6x4

Cam
connecting
Cam connecting
Cam felts gear
shaft
bearing
Cam gear Spring pin

Beam (1)

M 2.6x4

Cam R

E3

1-16

UP-20/21MD V1

Installation
m
. Before attaching the cam R, raise the head assembly by
rotating the cam L.
. When attaching the beam (1), temporarily secure it with
the two screws and adjust the clearance between the
positioning dowel and beam (1), then fully tighten the
two screws. (Refer to Fig.2.)
. Apply grease to the cam connecting gear bearing and
cam R. (Refer to Fig.1.)
Grease, SONY (SGL-801) 50G
Sony Parts No. : 7-651-000-11
Apply grease to the inside of
the cam connecting gear
bearing. Wipe off excessive
grease if it is applied to
adjacent areas.

Apply grease to the groove on


the backside of the cam R.

Cam R

Cam connecting
gear bearing

1. Rotate the cam L in the direction indicated by the


arrow A, then raise the head assembly in the direction
indicated by the arrow B.
2. Align the cam follower shaft with the groove inside of
the cam R, then attach the cam R with one retaining
ring.
Cam follower
shaft

Cam R

Groove
Cam L
A

Head assembly

Cam R

Grease

E3
Grease

Groove

Cam follower
shaft
Fig.1

UP-20/21MD V1

1-17

3. Insert the shaft (3, 170mm or longer) from the hole of


the cam R through the hole of the cam L to fix the cam
R and cam L.
Positioning dowel
Approx. 0.3 mm

1-5. Unleaded Solder


Boards requiring use of unleaded solder are printed with a
lead free mark (LF) indicating the solder contains no lead.
(Caution: Some printed circuit boards may not come
printed with the lead free mark due to their particular size.)

Beam (1)

: LEAD FREE MARK


Fig.2

Cam L
Hole

Beam (1)
Chassis
Hole

Cam R

Cam R
Shaft

m
. Be sure to use the unleaded solder for the printed circuit
board printed with the lead free mark.
. The unleaded solder melts at a temperature about 40 d
higher than the ordinary solder, therefore, it is recommended to use the soldering iron having a temperature
regulator.
. The ordinary soldering iron can be used but the iron tip
has to be applied to the solder joint for a slightly longer
time. The printed pattern (copper foil) may peel away if
the heated tip is applied for too long, so be careful.

Shaft

170mm or longer
3
Shaft

4. Attach the cam gear in the reverse order of steps 8 to


11 and 1 to 6 of Removal.

1-18

UP-20/21MD V1

Section 2
Electrical Alignment and Mechanical Alignment
2-1. Electrical Adjustment
n
The UP-20 does not install the LCD. Therefore, when performing this alignment using the UP-20, be sure
to connect a monitor to the UP-20.

2-1-1. Density Adjustment during Thermal Head Replacement


This mode is used when replacing the MEC-15/MEC-20 board, thermal head, power, and parts.
1. Density adjustment
The density must be adjusted during thermal head replacement.
(1) For the density adjustment, print test pattern STEP (V) in advance by the method below before
replacing the head and extract a reference sample.
(2) After replacing the head, print STEP (V) again and adjust the head voltage so that the density is
almost the same as that of the reference sample.
(3) When replace the MEC-15, MEC-20 boards and thermal head, adjust the printing position of head
direction. (Refer to Section. 2-1-1. item4)
(4) After head replacement and voltage adjustment, reset the number of estimated head print sheets.
2. Extraction of sample for density adjustment
(1) Set an ink ribbon and paper.
(2) Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously. The printer then
enters the service mode.
(3) Message HIT ANY KEY is displayed. Press any key.
(4) A menu is displayed.
PRINT TEST
PRESS [EXEC]

(5) Press the EXEC key to start printing.


At that time, the printer controls the thermal head temperature until it reaches a proper temperature.
. When the head temperature is low: The printer performs preheating and starts printing after the
head temperature reaches a proper temperature.
. When the head temperature is high: The printer performs cooling using a fan and starts printing
after the head temperature reaches a proper temperature.
n
If the head temperature is not proper, it may slightly take time to enter the print operation state after
you press the EXEC key.

UP-20/21MD V1

2-1

3. Head voltage adjustment


(1) Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously. The printer then
enters the service mode.
(2) Message HIT ANY KEY is displayed. Press any key.
(3) A menu is displayed.
(4) Press the and keys to display HEAD V:.
(5) Press the and keys to increase or decrease the head voltage parameter. Next, press the
EXEC key to define the setting.
m
. The head voltage does not change if you do not press the EXEC key.
. By decreasing the parameter, the head voltage decreases and the density also decreases. By
increasing the parameter, the head voltage increases and the density also increases. This parameter
does not directly represent the head applied voltage value.
. When 2. THERMAL & EEPROM CHECK 01 executes under the mechanical adjustment state,
clear the head voltage adjustment to default setting. Therefore, above adjustment must be
performed again.
4. Printing position adjustment of head direction
m
. Printing position adjustment performs when replacing IC102 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board and
thermal head.
. The following adjustment must be performed if printout result is not center position on the sheet as to
head direction.
. When 2. THERMAL & EEPROM CHECK 01 executes under the mechanical adjustment state, clear
the printing position adjustment. Therefore, following adjustment must be performed again.
(1) Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously. The printer then
enters the service mode.
(2) Message HIT ANY KEY is displayed. Press any key.
(3) A menu is displayed.
(4) Press the and keys to display SVC1/SVC2/SVC3.
Press the and keys to move SERVICE MENU2.
(5) Press the and keys and message then P H SHIFT is displayed, adjust so that the printing
image becomes nearly center position on the print sheet by pressing the and keys.
. When image size is S and increase the numeral value, move the image to left side on the LCD
display.
. When image size is S and decrease the numeral value, move the image to right side on the LCD
display.
5. Resetting the number of estimated head print sheets
(1) Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously. The printer then
enters the service mode.
(2) Message HIT ANY KEY is displayed. Press any key.
(3) A menu is displayed.
(4) Press the and keys to display HEAD PRN:.
(5) Press the CLEAR key while pressing the EXEC key. The number of estimated print sheets is then
reset.

2-2

UP-20/21MD V1

2-1-2. Output of Test Pattern (Internal Signal) in Service Mode


(1) Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously. The printer then enters the service
mode.
(2) Message HIT ANY KEY is displayed. Press any key.
(3) A menu is displayed.
(4) Press the and keys to display PATTERN when printing other patterns.
(5) Press the and keys to display the required test pattern name.
(6) Press the PRINT key to start printing.
n
At that time, the printer does not control the thermal head temperature. The printer immediately enters the print
operation when you press the PRINT key.
m
. In the state where an error (e.g., no paper or no ribbon) exists, the printer operates with the error displayed. In this case,
press the MENU key, then press the and keys to display a service menu. Next, perform each operation
described above.
. This test pattern cannot be output in the state where MULTI PIX is set to 2. When MULTI PIX is other than 1, a
white frame may be put into the print result of a test pattern. In this case, set MULTI PIX to 1, then print.
There are several types of test patterns. Four standard patterns are as shown below.
1 STEP (H)
2 STEP (V)

3 RAMP (H)

UP-20/21MD V1

4 RAMP (V)

2-3

2-1-3. Electrical Adjustment (Analog Video Block)


This section describes regarding of the analog video signal adjustment.
The following adjustment must be performed when replace the VPR-74 board.
Preparation
1. Composite video signal
75% FULL FIELD color bars (WHITE REF 100IRE)
2. S video signal
75% FULL FIELD color bars
3. RGB signal (for UP-21MD)
WINDOW (WHITE 100IRE)
4. S video signal (for UP-20)
WINDOW (WHITE 100IRE)
Entering the adjustment mode
. Set the power switch to ON while pressing the and keys simultaneously and start the printer in
the service mode.
. Display SERVICE MENU3.

SERVICE MENU3
/SVC2/SVC3/SVC4
: 100/11/12/13
IRE
: OFF/ON
AGC
VA ADJUST : OFF/ON
INPUT SEL : V/SV/RGB
: 33
PICTURE
: 28
G-DRIVE
: 28
B-DRIVE
SUB-BRIGHT : 14
: A1
VBS Y
Q01A
1

m
. In the case of UP-20, INPUT SEL is displayed as VIDEO/SV.
. The italic character varies depending on the adjustment value.
Entering the VA ADJUST mode
Move the cursor to the VA ADJUST position and set it to ON position. The printer then enters the
VA ADJUST mode. In this state, no signal is displayed on the monitor. Set it to OFF position to
cancel the mode.
Cautions during adjustment
. Before adjustment, return all user adjustment items (including COLOR ADJUST) to the center position.
. Adjustment is performed in the SOURCE output mode unless otherwise specified.
2-4

UP-20/21MD V1

1. INT 4Fsc adjustment (NTSC)


Conditions for adjustment
1. SOURCE/MEMORY: MEMORY
2. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.

Adjustment
1CT401(F-7): 14.3

TP405 (G-6): 14 M
1,431,818 80 Hz

2. INT 4Fsc adjustment (PAL)


Conditions for adjustment
1. SOURCE/MEMORY: MEMORY
2. NTCS/PAL:
PAL

Spec.

Adjustment
1CT403 (F-6): 17.7

TP404(F-6): 17M
1,773,447.5 80.0 Hz

3. INT 4Fsc adjustment (PAL)


Conditions for adjustment
1. SOURCE/MEMORY: MEMORY
2. NTCS/PAL:
PAL

Spec.
TP406 (F-7): VCO DC

Adjustment
1CT402 (F-7): 14.1

2.0 0.2 Vdc

4. Picture adjustment
Conditions for adjustment
1. VA ADJUST MODE
2. INPUT SELECT: RGB
(UP-20: displayed as S-VIDEO)
3. AGC:
OFF
4. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.
Monitor

Adjustment
[SERVICE MENU3]
[PICTURE:]

Adjust so that the red (or yellow, magenta, or


white) in the diagonally striped portion is the
maximum.

UP-20/21MD V1

2-5

5. G-drive adjustment
Conditions for adjustment
1. VA ADJUST MODE
2. INPUT SELECT: RGB
(UP-20: displayed as S-VIDEO)
3. AGC:
OFF
4. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.
Monitor

Adjustment
[SERVICE MENU3]
[G-DRIVE:]

Adjust so that the yellow (or white) in the


diagonally striped portion is the maximum.

6. B-drive adjustment
Conditions for adjustment
1. VA ADJUST MODE
2. INPUT SELECT: RGB
(UP-20: displayed as S-VIDEO)
3. AGC:
OFF
4. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.
Monitor

Adjustment
[SERVICE MENU3]
[B-DRIVE:]

Adjust so that the white in the diagonally


striped portion is the maximum.

7. AGC REF adjustment


Conditions for adjustment
1. VA ADJUST MODE
2. INPUT SELECT: RGB
(UP-20: displayed as S-VIDEO)
3. AGC:
ON
4. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.
Monitor

Adjustment
[SERVICE MENU3]
[SUB-BRIGHT:]

Adjust so that the white in the diagonally


striped portion is the maximum.

2-6

UP-20/21MD V1

8. VBS Y adjustment
Conditions for adjustment
1. VA ADJUST MODE
2. INPUT SELECT: VIDEO
SIGNAL:
COLOR BAR
3. AGC:
OFF
4. NTSC/PAL:
NTSC

Spec.

Adjustment

Monitor

[SERVICE MENU3]
[VBS Y:]

Adjust so that the white in the diagonally


striped portion is the maximum.

9. H position adjustment
Conditions for adjustment
1. INPUT SELECT: VIDEO
2. INPUT SIGNAL: COLOR BAR

Spec.

Adjustment
1RV201 (D-7): H POSI

TP402 (C-5): SWD HD


TP410 (A-5): SYNC MONI
SWD HD

SYNC MONI
A

A = 100 100 nS

UP-20/21MD V1

2-7

2-2. Mechanical Adjustment


2-2-1. Mechanical Adjustment Mode
In this mode, the adjustment of the sensors installed in a mechanical deck and the assembly of mechanical
parts are confirmed. The confirmation is carried out when replacing the mechanical deck parts.
m
. Various information items of a mechanical deck are stored in IC102 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board.
Be sure to perform all mechanical adjustment after IC102, MEC-15 or MEC-20 board are replaced.
. The cleaning ribbon set (UPC-21CLN) supplied with this unit is required during adjustments of RBN
TYPE and RBN CD sensors.

2-2-2. Entering the Mechanical Adjustment Mode


1. Turn on the power while pressing the DISPLAY and EXEC keys simultaneously. (Continue
pressing them until MECHA JIG MODE appears on the LCD display.)
2. The MECHA SETUP menu in the mechanical adjustment mode appears on the screen (or LCD
display).
[MECHA SETUP menu]

[For OK]

[For NG]

3. Press the and keys, move the cursor to the item to be adjusted or checked, and then press the
EXEC key.

2-8

UP-20/21MD V1

4. Adjustment and check are automatically performed by the mechanical deck. After the adjustment
and check are completed, the result appears on the screen (or LCD display).
5. When OK is displayed, adjustment and check are completed normally. When abnormality is
checked, an error code is displayed. (Take measures referring to the NG_CODE table (at the end of
this manual)).
6. To exit the mechanical adjustment mode, turn on the power again.

2-2-3. Normal Operation Check and Automatic Adjustment


1. SENSORS CHECK
Contents
. Is communication between boards possible?
. Operation check of each PAPER_JAM (S10), PAPER_EJECT (S11) and DOOR sensors.
. Does the sensor of the item to be checked operate normally? (Refer to NG_CODE2.)
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Pull out the ribbon cartridge and paper tray, open the front panel.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NO ANSWER (If NO ANSWER is displayed, SCI communication with IC103 of the SY-299
board is impossible. Therefore, the subsequent adjustment and check cannot be carried out.)
NG command (E2) and NG data (**)(One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE2.)
2. THERMAL & EEPROM CHECK
Contents
. Does IC102 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board operate normally? (The number of estimated sheets or the
sensor information is stored in IC102.)
. Do the thermistor of a thermal head, and the thermistor (THP201) on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board operate
normally?
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Move the cursor to the desired item, press the and keys to select the item, and then press the
EXEC key.
When the display number is 00: Check the thermistor and EEPROM operation. (The contents remain
unchanged.)
When the display number is 01: Check the thermistor and clear the contents of EEPROM (*).
* Contents to be cleared:
Number of estimated sheets, number of estimated head sheets,
ShiftH, ShiftV, error history, head voltage parameter, and sensor
information
n
Be sure to adjust it by display number 01 when replacing the MEC-15/MEC-20 board or IC102 newly.
Display
. OK: 00: OK
01: OK OK
. NG: NG command (E3) and NG data (**)(One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE3.)
UP-20/21MD V1

2-9

[OK display in case of 00]

[OK display in case of 01]

3. HEAD HOME CHECK


Contents
. Does the head position sensors (S8 and S9) operate normally?
. Does the DC motor operate?
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Pull out the ribbon cartridge and paper tray.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command (E1) and NG data (**)(One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
value of the hexadecimal code is an NG item. Refer to NG_CODE1.)
4. PP IN SENS (S1) ADJUSTMENT
Contents
. Automatic light-emitting level and threshold level adjustments of PP IN (PAPER IN) sensor
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Insert the paper tray with print papers.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command (E4) and NG data (**)(One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE4.)

2-10

UP-20/21MD V1

5. PP LD SENS (S2) ADJUSTMENT


Contents
. Automatic light-emitting level and threshold level adjustments of PP LD (PAPER LOAD) sensor
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
m
. For the mechanical deck labeled of initial serial numbers, print paper may be jammed during paper
delivery after adjustment. Therefore, the following adjustment must be performed using automatic
adjustments.
. PP IN and PP LD sensors adjustments can be performed automatically during PRINT ADJUSTMENT
and normal printing conditions. This may be adjusted automatically when normal printing at a first
during set the power switch to ON again and executing of PRINT ADJUSTMENT after 2. THERM &
EEPROM CHECK 01 is performed.
Procedure
(1) Insert the paper tray with print papers.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command (E4) and NG data (**) (One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE4.)
6. RBN TYPE CD (S5 to S7) ADJUSTMENT
Contents
. Automatic light-emitting level and threshold level adjustments of RBN TYPE0, 1, 2 (RIBBON TYPE)
sensors.
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Insert a cleaning ribbon cartridge.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command (E5) and NG data (**) (One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE5.)
7. RBN CD (S3) ADJUSTMENT
Contents
. Automatic light-emitting level and threshold level adjustments of RBN CD sensor
. Does the ribbon motor operate?
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
Procedure
(1) Insert a cleaning ribbon cartridge.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command (E4) and NG data (**) (One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
hexadecimal code is converted into a binary code, and the bit whose 1 is set indicates the
location where NG occurs. Refer to NG_CODE4.)

UP-20/21MD V1

2-11

8. PRINT ADJUSTMENT
Contents
. Automatic light-emitting level and threshold level adjustments of PP IN and PP LD sensors
. Does irregular printing occur by the thermal head or gear?
. Is an error found in the path system of paper?
. Are harnesses and mechanical parts connected properly?
n
Automatic adjustments of PP IN and PP LD sensors are operated when normal printing condition at a first
during set the power switch to ON again and executing of PRINT ADJUSTMENT after 2.THERM &
EEPROM CHECK 01 is performed.
Procedure
(1) Insert a ribbon cartridge and paper tray.
(2) Move the cursor to the desired item and press the EXEC key.
Display
. OK: OK
. NG: NG command and NG data (H **) (One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. The
value of the hexadecimal code is an NG item. Refer to NG_CODE4.)
9. SENSORS DATA
Contents
. The adjustment values (light-emitting level value, high-level value, low-level value, and threshold level
value) of automatically adjusted six sensors are displayed.
. Trouble historical information of mechanical deck (The error information that occurred during
mechanical operation is read. Up to the last eight information items are stored. The contents of
information correspond to the NG_CODE1 data. Press the CLEAR key to clear data. When clearing
is completed, OK is displayed.)
Procedure
Move the cursor to the desired item, press the and keys to select the item, and then press the
EXEC key.
When display number is 00: Trouble historical information
For 01: PP IN (S1) sensor
For 04: RBN TYPE0 (S5) sensor
For 02: PP LD (S2) sensor
For 05: RBN TYPE1 (S6) sensor
For 03: RBN CD (S3) sensor
For 06: RBN TYPE2 (S7) sensor
[Display example of trouble historical information]

2-12

[Display after trouble historical information is cleared]

UP-20/21MD V1

[Display example of sensor data]

Viewing the display of sensor adjustment value


(Example) 84 f5 0f 80
One-byte data is displayed using a hexadecimal code. In each sensor, data is arranged in the
order of light-emitting level value, high-level value, low-level value, and threshold
level value from the beginning.
(For the data described above, the LED voltage value is 84, the high-level value of PHTR is
f5, the low-level value of PHTR is 0f, and the threshold level value is 80.)
Converting the displayed data into the voltage value of a sensor
The displayed data indicates the value obtained when the voltage level (0 to 5.0 V) of each sensor is
divided by 256. Therefore, the voltage value indicated using a hexadecimal code is obtained from the
calculation below.
(Example) When the hexadecimal code is H b3:
H b3 = D 179 ( The hexadecimal display is converted into a decimal display.)
5.0 (v) x 179/256 = 3.4 (v) ( Voltage value of sensor indicated by H b3)

UP-20/21MD V1

2-13

Section 3
Sensor Arrangement and Functional Description

No.

Name

Type of sensor

Function

Head position sensor (S8, S9)

Photo Interrupter

Detects the up/down position of the head

Jamming sensor (S10)

Photo Interrupter

Detects the paper end

Delivery flap sensor (S11)

Photo Interrupter

Detects the amount of delivery

Paper-in sensor (S1)

Reflector

Detects the paper exists or not into the paper feed tray

Paper feed sensor (S2)

Reflector

Defects the paper extremity

Ribbon type detection sensor (S5-S7)

Reflector

Detects the type of the ribbon

Ribbon cueing sensor (S3)

Reflector

Detects the cue of the ribbon

Front panel opening detection

Mechanical

Detects the opening/closing of the front panel

Interlock sensor

Mechanical

Detects the installing of the bottom cover on the unit

m
. Front panel opening detection sensor at No.8 is mounted on the SE-642/SE-683 board.
Regarding to arrangement of the SE-642/SE-683 board, refer to 1-1. Board Location.
. For more details of each sensor, refer to 4-3-4. Outline of Sensor Detection Circuits.

UP-20/21MD V1

3-1

Section 4
Circuit Operation Description
4-1. Digital Video Signal Processing Block
4-1-1. Outline
The main functions of the digital signal processing block on the VPR-74 board are as follows:
1. Converts a video input signal from analog to digital and stores it in memory (DRAM). (Capture)
2. Color-adjusts the image data stored in memory using a color adjustment circuit, and then converts the
data from digital to analog and outputs it to the analog signal processing block on the VPR-74 board
as a monitor output signal. (Monitor output)
3. Color-adjusts the image data stored in memory using a color adjustment circuit and then outputs it to
the head control block through a masking block as print data. (Print data output)
4. Converts a video input signal from analog to digital, converts the signal from digital to analog as it is,
and outputs it to the analog signal processing block as a monitor output signal. (Source output)
The digital signal processing block on the VPR-74 board consists of the following blocks.
. CPU block
. Memory (DRAM) block
. Memory control (ASIC) block
. Sampling clock generation block
. Color adjustment block
. Masking block

UP-20/21MD V1

4-1

4-1-2. Flow of Image Signal in Each Operating Mode


The operating mode on the flow of an image signal in a digital signal processing block can be classified
into the following four modes.
. Source mode
. Memory mode
. Capture mode
. Print data transfer mode
Source mode
In this mode, a video input signal is directly output to the monitor via a digital signal processing block.
The flow of an image signal is as described below.
The RGB analog signal input from an analog signal processing block is converted from analog to digital
as an eight-bit digital signal, respectively. This signal is passed through a DRAM control circuit
(IC1001) and adjusted in color using a color adjustment circuit (IC701). After that, the image size is
adjusted by the blanking produced using a CPU and DRAM control circuit. The resultant signal is
converted from digital to analog again as an analog signal and output to the analog signal processing
block.

4-2

UP-20/21MD V1

Memory mode
In this mode, the image data fetched into DRAM is output to the monitor.
The flow of an image signal is as described below.
The digital image data fetched into DRAM is read using a DRAM control circuit (CXD9111R: IC1001)
and converted from 32 bits to 8 bits. After that, the image data is adjusted in color using a color
adjustment circuit (IC701), and the image size is adjusted by the blanking produced using a DRAM
control circuit. The resultant data is converted from digital to analog and output to the analog signal
processing block.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-3

Capture mode
In this mode, a video input signal is converted from analog to digital and fetched into DRAM.
The flow of an image signal is as described below.
The video signal input from an analog signal processing block is converted from analog to digital as an
eight-bit digital signal. The converted video signal is converted from 8 bits to 32 bits in a DRAM control
circuit (CXD9111R: IC1001), and expanded in DRAM.

4-4

UP-20/21MD V1

Print data transfer mode


In this mode, the image data that exists in DRAM is output to the SY-299 board as print data during
printing.
The flow of an image signal is as described below.
The data request signal from the SY-299 board is input to CPU (IC501).
The CPU controls a DRAM control circuit (CXD9111R: IC1001), and the DRAM control circuit converts
the image data in DRAM into print data and outputs it. After that, the data is color-adjusted, colorrotated, and converted from RGB to YMC using a color adjustment circuit (IC901). Next, the data is
masking-converted using two masking ROMs and output to the SY-299 board as print data.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-5

4-1-3. Basic Operation Timing and CPU Block


The operation of the digital signal processing block on the VPR-74 board is controlled and managed
according to the command from the SY board by CPU.
CPU operates with the VD signal (SWD_VD) switched into EXT or INT as reference and performs each
setting and control for a DRAM control circuit (CXD911R).
The main functions of a CPU block for digital signal processing are as follows:
. Reception and execution of command from SY board
. VF judgment (synchronous management) of video input signal
. Output of blanking signal
. Control of DRAM control circuit
. Write of color adjustment data
. Write of caption data
CPU memory map
The memory map of CPU is shown below.
000000

Program ROM

01FFFF

200000
DRAM controller.register
400000
Color adjustment circuit (Print)
600000
Color adjustment circuit (Monitor)
6007FF
FFEC00
CPU internal SRAM
FFFBFF
FFFE40
CPU internal register
FFFFFF

4-6

UP-20/21MD V1

Flowchart of CPU
START
Initialize
MAIN:

SWD_VD
IRQ0

VF judgment and
setting of counter for CPU_VD creation
SWD_HD

IRQ1

VF judgment and
VBLANK generation
PRNT_DREQ

IRQ2

Setting of print data output


IMCAP

IRQ4

Execution of highest-speed image fetch function


SCI

RXI

Each DMA flag

DRAM controller setting

Color adjustment
flag

VBLANK

Caption flag

VBLANK

Command flag

UP-20/21MD V1

Command storage and


command flag setting

VBLANK

VBLANK

Write of color adjustment data

Write of caption data

Command execution

4-7

Time-sharing timing

(1)

(2)

VBLNK

DLYD_HD

(3)
A

HBLNK
(1) VBLNK period
. DRAM access
. VF judgment
. Write of color adjustment data
(2) HBLNK period
. DRAM access
(3) Effective screen period
. DRAM access
. Input and output of capture or monitor output image data
(A) DRAM refresh
(B) DRAM access of capture or monitor output image data
(C) Output of print data, and write or read of caption data

Command communication with SY board


The command communication with the SY board is performed by the bi-directional asynchronous serial
communication in which the serial communication port of CPU is used.
Asynchronous serial communication
. Start bit: 1
. Data bit: 8
. Stop bit: 1
. Parity bit: None
. Baud rate: 19200 bps

4-8

UP-20/21MD V1

Synchronous control
The external sync signals (EXT_VD and AFC_HD) and internal sync signals (OVD and OHD (IC406
CXD1217QN)) produced in an analog signal processing block are switched using an SRC/nMEM signal
from CPU (IC501) and sent to the CPU and DRAM control circuit as a V sync signal (SWD_VD) and H
sync signal (SWD_HD). The AFC_HD signal is AFC-processed in the analog signal processing block. If
the AFC processing should be interrupted, the operation of a digital signal processing block is not
guaranteed. The CPU to which the SWD_HD and SWD_VD sync signals were input compares each
phase for VF judgment (frame judgment). This VF judgment performs processing so that the context is
not lost even if a jitter slightly exists in the sync signals. Therefore, odd and even fields are not misplaced
for capturing. The SWD_VD sync signal is also AFC-processed by the software in CPU. Even if noise is
mixed in the SWD_VD sync signal, therefore, the noise component is canceled. A virtual VD signal is
generated by CPU even if the SWD-VD signal is interrupted and even if the period is changed
(CPU_VD). The CPU_VD signal is input to the DRAM control circuit.
Output of blanking signal
The V blanking signal that determines the position of the effective screen in the vertical direction counts
the falling of an SWD_HD signal after an SWD_VD signal is input to CPU, and it is output as a
CPUVBLNKV signal. For the H blanking signal that determines the position of the effective screen in
the horizontal direction, a BLNK signal is output as the blanking signal for input image data capture and
memory image data monitor output operations by the setting value set to the control register of a DRAM
control circuit and the input of a CPUVBLNKV signal.
Control of DRAM control circuit
. Capture operation
. Monitor output operation
. Print data output
. DRAM refresh operation
. Random access operation
To perform the operations described above, each mode is set to the register of a DRAM control circuit.
The DRAM control circuit triggers VD and HD signals for operation.
Each setting is not restricted by video timing. The setting value is latched using a VD signal and
validated after the VD signal.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-9

Write of color adjustment data


The data for a conversion table is written in CXD8869Q (color adjustment circuit) during V blanking.
Write of caption data
Caption data is set to a DRAM control circuit so as to output an access trigger (RATRG). The DRAM
control circuit expands the data on DRAM.

4-1-4. Memory (DRAM) Block


The memory of a four-frame uses 64M-bit SDRAM x 1.
The memory space is constituted by 600 (RAS) x 256 (CAS) x 32 bits for each color of one frame image
memory. However, the memory space is apparently considered as 600 (RAS) x 1024 (CAS) x 8 bits
during use by storing eight-bit image data proportionally to four-dot pixels (four-dot pixels in one
address) in the direction of depth. The conversion of eight bits to 32 bits and vice versa is performed
using a DRAM control circuit.

Memory Configuration (Four-Frame)

4-10

UP-20/21MD V1

4-1-5. Memory Control Block


A four-dot pixel is stored in one address for high-speed processing using SDRAM of 32 bits in the
direction of depth so as to double the apparent SDRAM access speed. This processing is performed using
a standard cell circuit. The circuit is controlled by CPU.
Conversion of 8 bits to 32 bits and vice versa in case of input image data capture (FULL)
The eight-bit image data input to this circuit is stored in each line buffer in the order below.

The main operation and setting of a DRAM control circuit are as follows:
. Various capture operations
FULL image
SPLIT 2 image
SPLIT 4 image
Capture shift size
Write DRAM address
By setting the items above, the DRAM control circuit automatically performs the capture operation in
synchronization with VD and HD signals.
. Print data output operation
Number of output data items
Read DRAM address
The print data output operation is performed by setting the items above and by triggering from CPU.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-11

. Various monitor output operations


FULL image
SPLIT 2 image (Decimated in the horizontal and vertical directions.)
4IN1 image (Equal to a SPLIT 2 image as IC operation.)
Monitor output shift size
Read DRAM address
By setting the items above, the DRAM control circuit automatically performs the monitor output
operation in synchronization with VD and HD signals.
. Random access operation
Write DRAM address
Write data
The random access operation is performed by setting the items above and by triggering from CPU during
V blanking period.
. DRAM refresh operation
Number of refresh access addresses
By setting the item above, the DRAM control circuit automatically performs the DRAM refresh
operation. (RAS only refresh)

4-12

UP-20/21MD V1

4-1-6. Color Adjustment Block


On the video side, the color of image data is adjusted using an SRAM conversion table in IC701
(CXD8869Q). On the print side, it is adjusted using a conversion table in IC901 (CXD8869Q). The table
data is provided in the program ROM of CPU. On the video side, the table data is rewritten during V
blanking period. On the print side, it is rewritten immediately before printing.
On the print side, the color rotation and RGB-YMC conversion of print data are also performed as well as
color adjustment. The flow of data shown below is obtained according to the print color. CPU controls
the print setting of each color by receiving the color information command.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-13

4-1-7. Sampling Clock Generation Block


This block generates a sampling clock, locks the phase to the high level of external and internal sync
signals, and distributes the clock to the DRAM control circuit or color adjustment circuit.
The clock frequency is 18.425196 MHz for NTSC and PAL in common.
The operation timing is shown below.

XT1A (IC603)

SWD_HD
HDB (IC603)
CKO1A (IC603)
O_HDO

O_HDOD
AD_CLK
TAP1 (IC607)
DLYD_HD

4-1-8. Masking Block


The masking block corrects the difference between the ideal reproduction color and the three primary
colors (Y, M, and C) of printed materials using a two-ROM data conversion system of main masking
ROM and sub-masking ROM.
The MAIN, SUB1, SUB2 and print color information signals output from a color adjustment circuit (on
the print side) are input to the main and sub-masking ROMs. The data that was masking-corrected using
a two-ROM conversion table is latched by IC905 and IC906 and output to the SY-299 board as eight-bit
print data.

4-1-9. A/D and D/A Conversion Blocks


The A/D conversion block consists of three A/D converters (CXD1176Q IC350 to IC352). The analog
RGB signal input from an analog signal processing block is clamped using a clamp pulse (nCLAMP
signal) and adjusted in gain using a CLP_REF signal that is input to the VREF pin of an A/D converter.
In the D/A conversion block, an eight-bit digital RGB signal is converted into an analog video signal
using an encoder (BH7243KV IC407) incorporating a three-channel D/A converter.

4-14

UP-20/21MD V1

4-2. Analog Video Signal Processing Block


4-2-1. Outline
The analog video signal processing block mainly consists of the following two blocks.
1. Interface block (IF-851 board)
The interface block mounts a relay for THROUGH/EE selection.
All video signals are input and output from and to the external equipment via this block.
2. Analog video signal processing block (Part of VPR-74 board)
A part of the VPR-74 board consists of an analog video signal processing block.
Moreover, this block can be mainly classified into a video decoder block (that fetches the input video
signal into memory) and video encoder block (that monitors the digital video signal from memory).
I2CBUS is almost used for the setting and adjustment of an analog video block. The analog video
block is controlled by the SY-299 board.
The main functions of the analog video signal processing block are as follows:
. Selection of input signals (composite video, S video, and RGB signals)
. Conversion of composite video and S video signals into RGB signal (Decoding of video signal)
. AGC (Automatic Gain Control) for input signal
. User adjustments (HUE, COLOR, GAIN, OFFSET, MONITOR-RGB, etc.)
. OSD (On Screen Display) function
. Selection of monitor output signal (SOURCE/MEMORY)
. Sync signal processing (NTSC/PAL detection, signal detection, sync separation, and AFC)
. Conversion of RGB digital signal into composite video and S video signals (Encoding of video signal)

4-2-2. Interface Block (IF-851 Board)


A monitor output signal is switched into THROUGH or EE using this block. By using a mechanical
relay, the monitor output of an input signal can be performed even if the power of this unit is off.

R122
0

R113
150

R129
0

8
7

CN107
3

IN

12

D114
RD9.1M-T1B

EMI
OUT
GND
FL107
NM

IN
D113
RD9.1M-T1B

FL114
NM

CN106

R114
150

10

RY107

V_IN

EMI
OUT
GND

V_OUT

D127
RD9.1M-T1B
D128
RD9.1M-T1B

UP-20/21MD V1

4-15

4-2-3. Analog Video Signal Processing Block (Part of VPR-74 Board)


1. Input signal processing block (Decoder block)
(1) SYNC ON GREEN discriminator circuit
This board mounts a discriminator circuit that separates a sync signal from a green channel when no
sync signal is input at the time of an RGB signal input.
IC102 discriminates the existence of a sync input signal and controls a video switch (IC103) that
switches green input and sync input signals.

R124
3.3k

R112
10k

C121
0.47uF

Q102
2SC4116YG-TE85L
IC102 (1/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL

D101
1SS123-T1

Q104
2SC4116YG-TE85L

C174
22uF
6.3V

R116
2.2k

R119
2.2k

IC103

1
C

CR 6
Q

5
4

C106
330pF

R122
47k

IN2
2
CTL
GND
C122
0.001uF

R127 2.7k

IC102 (2/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL

6 NJM2233BM(TE2)
7
+V
IN1 OUT

3
7
Q
3

R115
22k

RESET

C105
22uF
6.3V

C126
22uF
6.3V

R130
470k

15
C

C129
0.1uF

R135
1k

R136
1k

14
CR 10
Q

11
12

9
Q
RESET
13

L105
10uH

L106
10uH

Fig. 1-1

4-16

C124
22uF
6.3V

SYNC ON GREEN Discriminator Circuit

UP-20/21MD V1

(2) Y/C separation block


A digital comb filter (IC109) is used to separate the luminance signal (Y) and chroma signal (C) of a
composite video signal.
The input composite video signal is passed through a band rejection filter (FL101), amplified by
about two times, and input to pin 15 of IC109. The separated luminance signal is output from pin 6
and passed through a band rejection filter. After that, the signal is input to the video switch (IC104)
that switches the luminance signal of an S video signal. In the same manner as described above, a
chroma signal is output from pin 8 and input through a band rejection filter to the same video switch.
L109
10uH

R137
10k
C132
10uF
16V
C114
22uF
6.3V

C118
0.1uF

C135
0.1uF

TE1
24
TE0
23
MODE1
22
MODE0
21
CLK_AD
20
GND_D1
19
NC
18
CLC
17
CLOUT
16
VIN
15
RBT
14
RTP
13

Fig. 1-2

C125
0.1uF

C137
100uF
6.3V

R151
1k

COMB/BPF

R129
100
C115
10uF 16V

R155
1k

R132
47
C127
47uF
6.3V

R133
10k

48

PAL/NTSC

R169
33
C130
47uF
6.3V
R131
10k
C120
0.1uF

VCC_AD
12
GND_AD
11
IBIAS
10
REF_DA
9
COUT
8
VCC_DA
7
YOUT
6
GND_DA
5
FILIN
4
BIAS
3
OVCC
2
PCO
1

IC109
MC141627FT

37

Q106
DTC124EKA-T146

L108
10uH

C119
0.1uF

47

R126
10k

D3
D2
38
D1
39
D0
40
BYPASS
41
VH
42
GND_D2
43
VCC_D
44
FSC
45
N/M
46

C7
25
C6
26
C5
27
C4
28
C3
29
C2
30
C1
31
C0
32
D7
33
D6
34
D5
35
D4
36

L103
10uH

C131
0.022uF
R134
150k

C128
0.1uF

R154
33

R128
33k

Y/C Separation Block

(3) Composite sync signal separation circuit


A composite sync signal (CSYNC) is separated by IC203.
The composite sync signal of the Y signal input to pin 6 of IC203 is separated by IC203, and the Y
signal is output from pin 3. The output signal at pin 3 is positive-synchronous. Therefore, the output
signal is inverted by Q201 so that it is negative-synchronous.
DEC_Y

DLYD_SYNC

007-N5

DEC_C

R201
1k
010-B3

*EXT_CSYNC

Q201
2SC4116YG-TE85L

IC203
BA7046F-E27
R202
10k

VCC
PHCOMP

R211
330
VIN

3
SYNCOUT
1

2
HOSC

HDOUT
4
VDOUT
GND
5

Fig. 1-3

UP-20/21MD V1

C208
1uF

C219
22uF 6.3V

DEC_Y

007-N4

D_SYNC

R205
100k

R208
470k
C209
0.001uF

C207
0.1uF

007-N4

DEC_C

TP201 TP202 TP205

A+5V-1

Composite Sync Signal Separation Circuit

4-17

(4) Decoder block


On this board, the Y/C jungle (CXA2076Q IC204) for a color television is used for decoding of a
video signal. This circuit is compatible with both NTSC and PAL systems. It integrates luminance
signal processing, chroma signal processing, RGB signal processing, and sync signal processing into
one chip. Each adjustment and setting are controlled by I2CBUS.
The input luminance and chroma signals are input to pins 55 and 57 of IC204. After each processing
has been performed, the input signal is output from pins 22, 24, and 26 as an RGB signal.
A VBS/S video signal is delayed by the processing in IC204. Therefore, the signal passed through a
delay line (DL101) of 350 ns is used for sync separation so as to make the timing of a video signal
coincide with that of a sync signal. (Input signal at pin 56)
The hue and color that the user adjusts are adjusted by IC204.
IC211 is a 1H CCD delay line for PAL.
A+9V-1
L203
10uH

Q205
2SC4116YG-TE85L

C259
47uF
16V
R219
2.2k

C232 10uF 16V


C216 0.1uF

52

C220 0.47uF
C234 10uF 16V
C227 10uF 16V

53

C246
0.1uF

0.1uF
C241 47uF 16V
C215 470pF
R213
15k

R250
39

X201
R214
4.433619MHz 470

C212
15pF

X202
3.579545MHz

TP203

TP204
3.58
DEC_YOUT

R215
1.5k

SCMREF

C211
15pF

54
YIN
55
EXTSYNCIN
56
CIN
57
TEST
58
SVCC1
59
APCFIL
60
X443
61
X358
62
NC
63
FSCOUT
64

C258
0.1uF

R230
1k

R229
1k

C252
2.2uF
50V

R231
1k

A_GND

C247
0.1uF
C253
0.1uF

33

C250
1uF
50V

VD+OUT/VPROT
32
VD-OUT/VPROT
31
VTIM
30
ABLFIL
29
ABLIN/VCOMP
28
IKIN
27
BOUT
26
BSH
25
GOUT
24
GSH
23
ROUT
22
RSH
21
SVCC2
20

IC204
CXA2076Q-TL

SGND1
3
-RY_OUT
4
-BY_OUT
C229
0.1uF 5
YOUT
6
YRET
7
-RY_IN
C233
0.1uF 8
-BY_IN
9
SGND2
10
SCPOUT
R226
11
100
YS1
C237 0.01uF 12
R1IN
C239
13
0.01uF
G1IN
C242
14
0.01uF
B1IN
15
YS2
16
YM
17
R2IN
18
G2IN
19
B2IN

C222

4.43

R228
2.7k

DCTRAN

C221 0.47uF

C213
0.47uF

BLHOLD
CVIN

C236
0.1uF

E-WOUT

SDA

51

R216
220
R217
220

R220
470

C251
47uF
16V
R221
100

50
SCL
49
VM
48
SYNCOUT
C226
47
0.0047uF
HSIN
46
VSIN
C228
45
0.47uF
VSFIL
R222
44
330k
DVCC2
R223
43
10k
IREF
42
DGND
41 R225 470 X203 50KHz
CERA
40
AFCFIL
R227
39
5.6k
L2FIL
C238
38
0.01uF
AFCPIN/HOFF
C240
37
0.0047uF
HDOUT
36
DVCC1
C244
35
0.1uF
SAWOSC
34
VAGCSH

R218
1.8k

C223
100pF

Q204
2SA1586YG-TE85L

C261
10uF
16V
C273
10uF
16V

R234
4.7k
R233 4.7k

C254 0.1uF
C255 0.1uF
C256 0.1uF

R235
4.7k

C274
47uF
16V

C257
0.1uF

C230
0.1uF

R236
4.7k

C245
0.01uF
C248
0.01uF
C249
0.01uF

FSC

R232
1k

R224 1M
C224
0.001uF

C225
0.001uF

R257
0

NM

IC211

16

9
1 TDA4665T/V5-118
VP1
VP2
11
VI_R-Y VO_R-Y

14

12
VI_B-Y VO_B-Y

5
SAND
2

C272
10uF
16V

C260
0.1uF

NC1
7

6
NC2
13
NC3
8
15
IC3
NC4
GND1 GND2
10
3
4

Fig. 1-4

4-18

IC2
IC1

Decoder Block

UP-20/21MD V1

(5) HD generation circuit


The HD signal output from pin 37 of IC204 is adjusted to the proper phase and pulse width by IC207
(monostable multivibrator) and sent to the frame memory block as an HD (horizontal sync) signal for
fetching memory. AFC (Automatic Frequency Control) processing is performed for this HD signal.
A+5V-1

R239
3.9k

RV201
2.2k

IC207 (2/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL

C275
47uF
6.3V

R244
6.8k

IC207 (1/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL
2

H POSI

1
C

15
C

CR 6
Q

14
CR 10
Q

11
7

12

RESET

RESET

13

C264
0.001uF

IC208 (1/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL

R240
2.2k

010-B3

AFC_HD

C269
0.001uF

R245
2.7k

IC208 (2/3)
MC74HC4538AFEL
2

1
C

C265
0.0022uF

15
C

CR 6
Q

14
CR 10
Q

11
7

12
Q

Q
RESET

RESET

13

C270
0.0022uF

Fig. 1-5

HD Generation Circuit

(6) Demodulation axis correction circuit


Since, in a television circuit (IC204) for the consumer, the demodulation axis is not orthogonal for
NTSC, a matrix circuit (R241 to R249) is inserted into an RGB signal line so as to correct the
demodulation axis to an orthogonal axis. For PAL, the demodulation axis is orthogonal.
Demodulation is not related when an RGB signal is selected. In this case, therefore, the matrix circuit
must be turned off. The matrix circuit is switched to ON or OFF by IC206 and IC210.
R248
470

IC206
TC7S66FU(TE85R)

DEC_G

009-B3

DEC_R

009-B3
009-B4

C267
0.1uF

R241
470
R246
2.2k

5
1

2
GND
4 3

IC210
TC7S66FU(TE85R)
5
1

C268
0.1uF

2
GND
4 3

DEC_B

R247
4.7k

R249
470

R242
10k

IC205
TC7W00FU(TE12R)

1
1A

N/P

007-B9,009-B8,010-M5

INPUT_SEL1

009-B9,010-B5

8
VCC
7
1Y

2
5

1B
2A

3
2Y

6
2B
GND
4

C266
0.1uF

Q206
DTC124EKA-T146

Fig. 1-6

UP-20/21MD V1

Demodulation Axis Correction Circuit

4-19

(7) AGC (Automatic Gain Control) circuit


This unit mounts a peak AGC circuit that has actual results on the medical market.
The peak value of the RGB signal output from IC204 is sampled by Q301, Q302, and Q303. The
resultant signal is passed through a low-pass filter (R314 and C306) and then input to the operational
amplifier (IC302). The control level is properly adjusted by IC302. The input signal is then passed
through a switch (IC307) for manual gain adjustment (output signal at pin 3 of IC303) and input to the
control pin of GCA (Gain Control Amplifier) (IC304 to IC306).

R312
1.8k

R351
330

IC306
BA7655AF-E2

Q306

C313
47uF
6.3V

4 XN2501-TX

FL303
3

5
R321
1k

Q303
XN4601-TW

5
R309
33

8 5 4 1 9 3 6
8 5 4 1 O3 O2 I2
7
IN
LPF
OUT
FG1 G1 G2 G3 G4 O1 I1 FG2

CTL1
C325
0.1uF7

5
IN2 OUT2

19 18 16 15 10 13 12 20
2

R318
560
4

8
3
VCC
IN1 OUT1

CTL2
GND

4
C321
0.1uF

R326
1k

C307
10uF
16V
R313
0

C305
10uF
16V

R322
8.2k
3

C306
47uF
6.3V

R315
22k

IC302
LM358PW-E05

R323
2.7k

R337
10k

8
VCC
1
IN+1 OUT1

2
IN-1
5
7
IN+2 OUT2
6
IN-2
GND

R314
2.2k

C329
0.1uF

4
R327
15k

IC307
TC4W53FU(TE12R)
8

5
A

VDD

C316
0.1uF

R328
470

Q307
DTC124EKA-T146

1
7
INH VSS VEE

D301
UDZ-TE-17-4.7B

C326
0.1uF 2

C301
0.1uF

R324
10k

Fig. 1-7

AGC Circuit

(8) EVR (electronic volume) adjustment circuit


Adjustment is partially performed using an electronic volume by IC303.
IC303 has a five-channel internal DA converter. The four channels of it are used for VBS gain,
offset, AGC gain, and manual gain, respectively. Adjustment is performed by I2CBUS.
(9) EEPROM
EEPROM (IC301) is mounted to store the setting and adjustment values of this board. This EEPROM
writes or reads data by I2CBUS.

4-20

UP-20/21MD V1

2. Output Signal Processing Block (Encoder Block)


(1) Video encoder block
On this board, BH7243KV (IC407) (made by ROHM) is used as the encoder of a video signal. This
circuit incorporates an eight-bit, three-channel DA converter and video encoder. By inputting a
subcarrier and composite sync signal, an eight-bit RGB digital signal can be converted into a
composite video signal by one chip. The output of RGB, S video, and composite video signals can be
driven in 75 ohms. Moreover, this circuit has an internal OSD (On Screen Display) selector switch.
Setting and adjustment are all performed by I2CBUS. An OSD character signal is sent from the SY299 board.
IC409
MM1031XML
2

R463
3.3k

VCC
1
SI

GND
4

R416 33

DVDD
32
VCLK
31 %RDA4
RDATA4
30 %RDA5
RDATA5
29 %RDA6
RDATA6
28 %RDA7
RDATA7
27
OSDCLK
26
SDA
25
SCL
R418 33
24
VREG
23 C419 0.1uF
AGND1

R464
1k
C435
100uF
6.3V

R417
33

%RDA3

20
SYNIN
19
NT/PAL
18
NC3
17

22
21
SCIN

16
BFPOUT
15
YTRAP
14
VOUT
13
TEST
12
COUT
11
YOUT
10
AVCC2
9
AGND2
8
BOUT
7
GOUT
6
ROUT
5
NC2
4
NC1
3
OSDOFF
2
OSDSW
1

49

BDATA3

BDA7-0

%BDA2

IC407
BH7243KV
%BDA3

BDA7-0

%BDA4

BDA7-0
BDA7-0
BDA7-0

GND

TP403

Fig. 1-8

UP-20/21MD V1

C463
1uF

SYNCOUT

RDATA2
34
RDATA1
35
RDATA0
36
GDATA7
37
GDATA6
38
GDATA5
39
GDATA4
40
GDATA3
41
GDATA2
42
GDATA1
43
GDATA0
44
BDATA7
45
BDATA6
46
BDATA5
47
BDATA4
48

R465 1M
C461
1uF
R470
1k
R469
1k

R471
680

R468
1k
L404
10uH

C464 0.1uF

C466
0.1uF

16

1
V+1
V+2
YIN1
YOUT
3
YIN2
YSAG
2
GCACTL1/MUTE
20
CLAMP_REF
VOUT
4
CLAMP
VSAG

9
10
12
11

19
14
CIN1
COUT
17
CIN2/INSEL
18
GCACTL2/PWRSAVE
7

13
WIDE

SDCOUT
C465
47uF
6.3V

5
CHARA
6

C467
0.1uF

BLANK
GND
8

C432
0.1uF

%BDA6
%BDA5

15
C462
0.1uF
C459 0.1uF

C431
47uF 6.3V

%GDA0
%BDA7

RDATA3

C421
0.1uF
C422
0.1uF
C425
0.1uF
C426
0.1uF
C428
0.1uF
C429
0.1uF

%GDA3
%GDA2
%GDA1

R467
390

BDATA2
50
BDATA1
51
BDATA0
52
DACOFF
53
DGND
54
BDACOUT
55
GDACOUT
56
RDACOUT
57
AVCC1
58
RIN
59
OSDR
60
GIN
61
OSDG
62
BIN
63
OSDB
64

%GDA5
%GDA4

IC410
NJM2538BV(TE2)

C460 0.1uF

33

%BDA1
%BDA0

%RDA0
%GDA7
%GDA6

R466
2.7k
C434
0.1uF

CSYNCIN

C411
47uF
6.3V

%RDA2
%RDA1

SO

C457
0.1uF

TP703

L402
10uH
C410
0.1uF

C458
0.1uF

DACLK

Video Encoder Circuit

4-21

(2) Sync generator block


A sync signal for the monitor output must be generated by this unit when a memory image is selected
for the monitor output or when no input signal exists. This circuit is peripheral circuit IC406.
IC406 is a sync signal generator compatible with NTSC and PAL systems. IC406 generates video
pulses (CSYNC, ODD/EVEN, HD, VD, and SC signals) by inputting a clock. These video pulses are
sent to IC407 and a frame memory block.
NTSC and PAL are switched by Q408. For NTSC, the X401 block is turned on, and a clock of
14.31818 MHz is sent. For PAL, the X402 and X403 blocks are turned on, and clocks of 14.1875
MHz and 17.734475 MHz are sent, respectively. For PAL, a subcarrier (SC signal) is synchronized
with a horizontal sync signal by VCXO (peripheral circuits Q407 and Q409).
Q406
2SC4116YG-TE85L

C417
0.001uF

X404
14.1875MHz
C433
0.1uF

TP406
R426
4.7k
R422
100k

CL408

7
INH VSS VEE

C409
4pF

C415
0.001uF
R415
1k

3
D401
HVC350BTRF

C424
39pF

R419
1k

R414 C413
10k 47pF

R421 C427 CT402


10k 33pF 20pF
NM

R425
10k

C436
2.2uF
50V

0.1uF

C437

CT401
20pF

14.3

VCO DC
C423
39pF

VDD

Q409
2SC4116YG-TE85L

C430
0.1uF

R427 220k

C402
100uF
6.3V

R420
6.8k

IC405
TC4W53FU(TE12R)

C412
47pF

L401
10uH

L403
10uH

Q407
2SC4116YG-TE85L

R413
6.8k
X401
14.318182MHz

C416
0.1uF

C408
0.1uF

Q405
DTA124EKA-T146

R428
10k

14.1

CN402

C404
0.1uF

C418 0.1uF

C420
47uF
6.3V
28
17

14.3M
GND

1
2

VCO DL

GND

17.7M

IC406
CXD1217Q-T4

VDD
22
HCOMOUT

OSC

Q410
DTA124EKA-T146

8
4FSCIN

TP404
7

L405
10uH

17M

CL406

4FSCOUT

30

14M
23

OFLD1

R423
1.5k

TP405

24
CLIN

R424
4.7k

C438
0.1uF

R443
6.8k
X403
17.734475MHz

C454
0.001uF

CL407

CLOUT

C452
47pF

3
OFLD
5
OLALT
31
19
OBF/COLB
MODE1
4
20
OBLK
MODE2
2
18
OSYNC
EXT
10
13
OVD
LALTRI
6
21
OHD
HRI
26
29
OFH
VRI
CL405
15
14
O2FH
TEST
VSS
12

Fig. 1-9

4-22

Q411
2SC4116YG-TE85L

Q408
DTC124EKA-T146

17.7
CT403
20pF

C472
7pF R444
10k

Q412
DTC124EKA-T146

C453
47pF
R445
1k

N/P

007-B9,008-L5,009-B8

Sync Generator Block

UP-20/21MD V1

4-3. Operation Description of Print Control Block Circuit


Outline
The print control block consists of the following blocks.
1. Mechanical control block (IC301 and peripheral on the SY-299 board)
2. Head control block (IC401, IC501 and peripheral on the SY-299 board)
3. Motor driver and sensor control block (MEC-15/MEC-20 board)
IC102 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board is memorized any informations such as sensor information,
total number of the print count on the unit, total number of the print count on the head, record of error
message, Shift H, Shift V, remaining amount of ribbon and head voltage parameter.

4-3-1. CPU Flowchart


START
Initialize
MAIN:

Mechanical status flag

Status processing

Command flag

Command execution

4-3-2. CPU (IC302) Memory Map


The memory map of CPU is shown below.
000000
Built-in ROM (Program)
020000
IC502 (PQC IC)
040000
IC501 ( RAM, Color offset)
060000
CN305 (for Debug)
080000
IC402 (Line number correction ROM)
0A0000

FFE080
Built-in RAM
FFEFFF
FFFE50
Internal I/O register
FFFFFF
UP-20/21MD V1

4-23

4-3-3. Outline of Motor Drive Function Blocks


The motor drive circuit of a mechanical control block consists of the following circuits.
. Fan motor drive circuit
. Stepping motor drive circuit
. DC motor drive circuit
1. Fan motor drive circuit
The fan motor is driven by turning on the transistor (Q201) on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board using the
control signal from pin 33 of IC302. The fan motor is rotated when the head temperature exceeds the
fixed value during printing and in the standby state.
+12V

CN204

C205
0.1uF

+5V

GND

C206
10uF
16V

ROOM_FAN
CN207
ROOM_FAN

NC
GND

2
3

+5V

R210
1k R238
47

R239
10k

HEAD_FAN

HED_FAN

2SD999-T1CK
Q201

To IC302 33pin

+12GND

Q204
DTC124EKA-T146
GND

SY-299

MEC-15/MEC-20

2. Stepping motor drive circuit


The control signals of each phase (A, A, B, and B) are output at pins 93 to 96 of IC302 on the SY-299
board. Drive circuit IC204 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board drives the stepping motor by chopper drive.
The excitation system of the stepping motor is based on one-/two- phase excitation. The reference
voltage input to pins 3 and 14 of IC204 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board drops during a motor stops by
switching the control signal at pin 29 of IC302 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board. Then, grip roller drives
through the belt from a stepping motor.
Besides, this circuit is designed that +32 V is not supplied by controlling of power supply control line
(pin 3 of CN201) except print and pre-heat conditions.
+5V
+32V

R212 R214 R215


4.7k 4.7k 4.7k

R216
4.7k

SLA7024M
IC204

To SY-299
IC302
93-96pin

PLT_MTR
7
VSA
6
5

12

INA
INA

8
OUTA
1
OUTA

INB

OUTB

17
+5V

R230 C211
1 0.0022uF

CN206

VSB

1
2

+32V

+32V

/B
/A

5
6

18

16

11
INB

OUTB

+5V

REF

R222
390

B
A

TP210

RSA

PWDWN

TP207

To SY-299
IC302
29pin

Q203
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

+32GND

R225
2.2k
R231
1

R223
82

R218
1k
GND

R224
2.2k

R221
82

C212
0.0022uF

GND

R236
47k

3
REFA
14
REFB

R237
47k
C217
33uF
50V

2
TDA
10

C218
33uF
50V

13
RSB
GNDA
4

TDB
GNDB
15

C215
470pF

C219
0.1uF

C216
470pF

+32GND

MEC-15/MEC-20

4-24

GND

+32GND

UP-20/21MD V1

3. DC motor drive circuit


Motor drive circuit IC203 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board is controlled by the control signals at pins 55
and 56 of IC302 on the SY-299 board. DC motor drives the feed paper roller, head up/down and ribbon
rewinding respectively by each mechanism positions.

+12V

C221 C213
47uF 0.1uF
16V

+5V

R211
10k

To SY-299
IC302
55,56pin

R213
10k

C220
47uF
16V

IC203
TA8428K

CN205

VCC
3
IN1
OUT1
2
5
IN2
OUT2
C214
0.022uF

+
-

1
2

6
NC
GND
4

+12GND

MEC-15/MEC-20

UP-20/21MD V1

4-25

4-3-4. Outline of Sensor Detection Circuits


A sensor of this unit is classified into the following three types.
The sensor of the reflective type perform the A/D conversion input according to the change with the
passage of time in a sensor level.
Photo interruptive type
. Head position sensor (S8, S9)
. Jamming sensor (S10) (Detects the paper end)
. Delivery flap sensor (S11)
Reflective type
. Paper-in sensor (S1)
. Paper feed sensor (S2) (Detects the paper extremity)
. Ribbon type detection sensor (S5-S7)
. Ribbon cueing detection sensor (S3)
Mechanical type
. Front panel opening detection sensor (SE-642/SE-683 board)
. Interlock sensor
1. Head position sensor (S8, S9)
Type:
Photo Interruptive type
Function: Discriminates the thermal head position.
Level:
Discriminates to sequentially shown as below.
Position

HED_POS_SENSE0
IC302 51P

HED_POS_SENS1
IC302 52P

Head up

Standby state

Paper pip

Paper feed position

Head half

Ribbon cueing, Paper feed

Head down

Y print

Head half

Ribbon cueing, Paper retracting

Head down

M print

Head half

Ribbon cueing, Paper feed

Head down

C print

2. Jamming sensor (Detects the paper end) (S10)


Type:
Photo Interruptive type
Function: Detects whether print paper is not jammed in the mechanical unit during standby.
Detects paper feed and paper during retracting.
Level:
PAPER_JAM_SENS IC302 50P
H: Print paper exists.
L: Print paper does not exist.

4-26

UP-20/21MD V1

3. Delivery flap sensor (S11)


Type:
Photo Interruptive type
Function: Detects the paper stack of a delivery part.
Level:
PAPER_EJ_SENS IC302 49P
H: Print paper stacks, REMOVE PAPER is displayed.
L: Print paper does not exist.
Q108
2SB798-T1-DLDK

+5V

R123
10k
R141
47
R142
10k
R124
1k

+5V
HPOS0 HPOS1
TP309 TP308

Q107
DTC124EKA-T146
R325
39k

R326
39k

GND

R307
47

IC203 51P
IC203 52P
R308
47

CN301 9P

CN101 12P

CN301 10P

CN101 11P

C312
220pF

S8

C313
220pF

S9

GND
GND

+5V
JAM
TP304

GND

R331
39k
R309
47

CN301 11P

CN101 10P

IC203 30P

S10

C314
220pF
GND

+5V
EJ

GND

TP305

R333
39k
R310
47

CN301 12P

CN101 9P

IC203 49P

S11

C315
220pF
GND

GND

SY-299

MEC-15/MEC-20
Sensor circuits for S8 to S11

UP-20/21MD V1

4-27

4. Paper-in sensor (S1)


Type:
Reflective (Paper reflective) type
Function: Detects whether print paper exist or not into the paper feed tray.
Level:
PAPER_IN_SENS IC302 38P
H (analog level): Print paper exists.
L (analog level): Print paper does not exist.
+5V
PPIN
TP310

R314
82k
R301
47

IC302 38P

CN301 2P

CN101 19P

CN103 2P

C301
220pF

Q101
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

GND

IC101 13P

+5V

IC103 (1/2)
LM358PSR
+

R107
47

PAPER IN

TP104

6 -

CN102 3P

PAPER IN
S1

CN102 1P
GND

SY-299

MEC-15/MEC-20

5. Paper feed sensor (Detects the paper extremity) (S2)


Type:
Reflective (Paper reflective) type
Function: Detects the paper feed timing.
Detect whether print paper is not jammed at a paper feed port during standby.
Level:
PAPER_LD_SENS IC302 39P
H (analog level): Print paper exists.
L (analog level): Print paper does not exist.
+5V
PPLD
TP311

R319
15k
R302
47

IC302 39P

CN301 3P

CN101 18P

CN103 2P
+5V

C303
220pF

CN103 6P
PAPER IN

GND

S2
+5V

Q102
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

+5V

IC101 13P

8
+

C106
0.1uF

PAPER_LD
R113
10k

TP105

IC103 (2/2)
LM358PSR
1

R108
47

CN103 3P

2 4
R114
220
GND

R131
120
NM

R132
120
NM

GND

CN103 1P
GND

SY-299

4-28

MEC-15/MEC-20

UP-20/21MD V1

6. Ribbon type detection sensor (S5-S7)


Type:
Reflective type
Function: Detects whether ribbon cassette is installed on the unit.
Discriminates the type of ribbon cassette.
Level:
(analog level)
RBN_TYPE_SENS0
IC302 41P

RBN_TYPE_SENS1
IC302 42P

RBN_TYPE_SENS2
IC302 43P

UPC-21S

UPC-21L

Cleaning

+5V
RB0
TP314

R321
39k
R304
47

CN103 7P

IC302 41P
CN301 5P

CN101 16P
+5V

C306
220pF

CN103 6P

GND

PAPER IN
+5V

IC101 15P

S5

TP107

R117
10k

IC104 (2/2)
LM358PSR

+
C107
0.1uF

RBN_TYPE0

Q104
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

+5V

R110
47

CN103 8P

2 4
R118
330

R135
330

+5V
RB1
TP316

R136
120
NM

GND

R322
39k

GND

R305
47

CN103 9P

IC302 42P
CN301 6P

CN101 15P
PAPER IN

C307
220pF
+5V

RBN_TYPE1

Q105
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

GND

S6

TP108

IC105 (1/2)
LM358PSR

IC101 4P

R119
10k

R111
47

CN103 10P

6 +5V

R120
330

RB2
TP317

R137
330

R138
120
NM

R324
39k
GND

R306
47

CN103 11P

IC302 43P
CN301 7P

CN101 14P
PAPER IN

C310
220pF
+5V

S7

GND

IC101 5P
C108
0.1uF

8
+

RBN_TYPE2

Q106
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

+5V

R121
10k

TP109

IC105 (2/2)
LM358PSR
1

R112
47

CN103 12P

2 4
R122
330

R139
330

R140
120
NM

GND
GND

CN103 1P
GND

SY-299

UP-20/21MD V1

MEC-15/MEC-20

4-29

7. Ribbon cueing detection sensor


Type:
Reflective type
Function: Detects the start mark and cue mark of a ribbon.
Level:
RBN_CD_SENS IC302 40P
H (analog level): Detects the cue mark of each color.
L (analog level): Others
+5V
RB_CD
TP312

R320
12k
R303
47

CN301 4P

IC302 40P

CN101 17P

CN103 4P

C305
220pF

+5V
GND

CN103 6P
PAPER IN
S3

+5V

RBN_CD

Q103
2SC1623-T1-L5L6

TP106

IC104 (1/2)
LM358PSR

IC101 14P

R115
10k

R109
47

CN103 5P

6 -

R116
330

R133
120

R134
120

NM

NM

GND

CN103 1P
GND

SY-299

MEC-15/MEC-20

8. Front panel opening detection sensor (S401/SE-642 or SE-683)


Type:
Mechanical type
Function: Detects whether opening or closing of the front panel.
Level:
DOOR_SENS IC302 48P
H: Open the front panel.
L: Close the front panel.
+5V

+5V

DOOR SENS
TP318

R250
10k

R317
10k

S401
FB231

IC302 48P

2
3

+5V

C302
220pF

3
2
1
GND

D210
1SS123-T1
GND

SY-299

4-30

KEY-49/KEY-51

SE-642/SE-683

UP-20/21MD V1

9. Interlock sensor
Type:
Mechanical type
Function: Detects whether bottom plate is installed on the unit. When bottom plate is not installed on
the unit, turn off the power of the unit.
Level:
MEC-15/MEC-20 board CN201 7P
H: Power ON
L: Power OFF
VCONT

CN201
+12V

1
2
3
4

D+3.3V
M+12V
V_CONT
D+5V

GND

6
7
8
9

GND
REMOTE nON/OFF
GND
STEPM

TP201
VCONT

001-J9

R205
1k
CN203
GND

NO
COM

+32V

1
2

To INTERLOCK SW

GND

R201
0
R202
0
+12GND

R203
0
R204
0
GND

+32GND

MEC-15/MEC-20

4-3-5. Head Control Block


The head control block corrects the parallel print data per line from the VPR-74 board and transfers it to
the thermal head for printing.
The head control block consists of the following five blocks.
. Color table RAM plus temperature correction offset (IC501) that -corrects the parallel print data
from VPR-74 board
. Image processing circuit (picture quality control) (IC502) that performs pattern recognition
interpolation, edge emphasis, and thermal storage correction
. Head drive circuit (IC401, 403) that PWM-converts parallel data and transfers print data to the thermal
head
. Line number correction circuit (voltage drop control) (IC402) that corrects the voltage drop due to the
common resistor of a thermal head
. Head voltage correction circuit
Print data is received from the VPR-74 board as parallel data, -corrected, and processed by a PQC
circuit. After that, the print data is PWM-modulated using a head drive circuit and transferred to the
thermal head via CN401 on the SY-299 board.
correction circuit
The print data sent from the VPR-74 board is -corrected using the data conversion table of RAM
(IC501). Before printing, the data of each YMC color corresponding to the media type, paper feeding
and type is written in the address of RAM. IC501 also accounts two data offset for temperature
correction of continuity printing and color balance functions, and then add it to print data.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-31

PQC IC
The main functions of PQC IC are as follows.
. Edge emphasis
Performs the edge emphasis that improves the sharpness of an image using a digital filter in the
horizontal and vertical directions.
. Thermal storage correction
Corrects the dullness and unstableness of rising due to the defective thermal response of a head using a
digital filter.
. Re-sizing
Digitized video signal data is re-sized to number of a head element corresponding to division mode.
. Patter recognition of data complement
Performs the data complement in relation to the head direction and feed direction respectively.
Head drive circuit
. PWM modulation
PWM-modulates eight-bit parallel data and converts it into serial print data.
. Divided print processing
Divides one gradation into four for printing so that the clearance between print lines does not stand out
when the print dot area of a low-density image portion becomes smaller.
Line number correction circuit
The combined resistance of an element decreases when the number of heating resistor elements that
carries a current to the thermal head increases. In this case, the voltage drop due to the common
resistance of a harness cannot be ignored and the print density decreases. Therefore, this circuit controls
the current-carrying time of a head element and corrects the print density.
Head voltage correction
The head voltage can be increased or decreased by changing a VCONT signal (pin 3 of CN201 on the
MEC-15/MEC-20 board) for the power supply block. A VCONT signal is controlled using software by
using the D/A conversion output (pin 6 of IC101 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board).
All that, head voltage is not output according to VCONT signal controls except during printing and preheating of the thermal head.
. Correction by feed pitch
When data is printed at the same head voltage, the print density becomes thicker as the feed pitch
becomes narrower. Therefore, an offset is made in each feed of ordinary S-size print (FULL, twodivision and four-division), L-size print (FULL, two-division and eight-division) and moreover printing
speed.

4-32

UP-20/21MD V1

4-4. Circuit Operation Description of System Control Block


System control block consists of the following circuit blocks.
. IC103 and peripheral circuit on the SY-299 board
. KEY-49 board (for UP-21MD)
KEY-51 board (for UP-20)
. IF-851 board
. IF-852 board
This section describes the following contents.
1. Special mode and special operating method
2. Address map
3. Circuit operation
4. Communication with internal CPU
. Interface with mechanical control block (IC302: PRT) on the SY-299 board
. Interface with mechanical control block (IC501: FMY) on the VPR-74 board
5. Analog video block (VA) control of the VPR-74 board
. I2C bus control
. Screen display-related signals
. Status signal
6. RS communication control
7. Media protection such for software

4-4-1. Special Mode and Special Operating Method


. Reset of the default setting
Turn on the power by pressing the [STOP], [CAPTURE] and [PRINT] keys simultaneously.
. Service mode
Turn on the power by pressing the [] and [] keys simultaneously.
. Mechanical adjustment mode
Turn on the power by pressing the [DISPLAY] and [EXEC] keys simultaneously.
. Transport mode
Press the [], [] and [MENU] keys simultaneously during power on condition.

4-4-2. Address Map


Address

Contents

IC

Remarks

000000h-03FFFFh

256k-byte FLASH

IC103

CPU built-in

400000h-400003h

LCD

IC201, IC204

600000h-600008h

Keymatrix

IC201, IC204

FFB000h-FFEFBFh

16k-byte SRAM (1/2)

IC103

CPU built-in

FFF800h-FFFFBFh

I/O

IC103

CPU built-in

FFFFC0h-FFFFFFh

16k-byte SRAM (2/2)

IC103

CPU built-in

UP-20/21MD V1

4-33

4-4-3. Circuit Operation


. Reset circuit
The reset circuit uses PST572CMT (IC105). This circuit outputs a low pulse of about 60 msec when Vcc
becomes less than 4.5 V during the power-on or off sequence. The reset pulse is input to the reset pin
(pin 59) of CPU (IC103). The CPU on the SY-299 board is then reset. After the reset is released, the
CPU outputs the reset pulses for other boards from the reset output pins (pins 28 and 74).
IC103

TP

Object to be reset

Remarks

Pin 59

TP110:RESET1

CPU on SY-299 board

Output of reset circuit

Pin 28

TP109:RESET2

VPR-74 board and peripheral circuit on SY-299 board

Pin 74

TP106:RESET3

Mechanical control block

. Oscillator circuit
The basic clock (9.8304 MHz) of the SY-299 board that is generated using an oscillator circuit
incorporating a crystal oscillator (X101) and CPU (IC103) can be confirmed at pin 61 of IC103.
. Nonvolatile memory
Each menu setting, caption character string or data for COLOR LOAD and USER LOAD is stored in
64 kbit I2C serial EEPROM (IC101). The system starts under last-call state (that is setting state under
turned off the power) according to data is read from the nonvolatile memory when the system starts.
However, when setting is changed in COLOR ADJUST menu and turn off the power during [TEMP]
state but SAVE COLOR is not set in the menu, setting value on this menu page is not stored in IC101.
At that, I2C bus using for data storing is used in common that controls for analog board. When this IC is
replaced, reset of default setting must be performed after resetting of LANGUAGE on the SERVICE
MENU 1.
. LED control
The PRINT LED (that lights during printing) is controlled by CPU (pin 35 of IC103). A digital transistor
of final stage is Q301 on the KEY-49/KEY-51 board. (Q302 on the KEY-51 board for UP-20.) The
ALARM LED (that lights when an error occurs in a printer) is controlled by CPU (pin 36 of IC103). A
digital transistor of final stage is Q302 on the KEY-49/KEY-51 board. (Q301 on the KEY-51 board for
UP-20.)
. Buzzer control
A buzzer sound pulse is output from CPU (pin 39 of IC103). The buzzer does not sound when
[BEEP:OFF] is set in the menu.
. Liquid-crystal display (LCD) control
The bus control of LCD is performed using IC201 and IC204, and IC301 on the KEY-49/KEY-51 board.
The display density of LCD is decided the analog voltage value that is output from CPU (pin 43 of
IC103) and then drive it in IC 206 and peripheral circuit. No display may appear on the LCD when
[LCD-CONT:OFF] is set in the menu. This circuit is common to keymatrix and operates as bus control
of LCD when CS2 is set in the menu.
. Input of main units key (main key/operation key)
The state of the main units key is processed by IC201 and IC204, and IC303, IC304, D305 to D308 and
R342 to R347 on the KEY-49/KEY-51 board, and input through a data bus to CPU. This circuit is
common to bus control of LCD and operates as input of main units key when CS3 is set in the menu.

4-34

UP-20/21MD V1

. Screen display control


A screen display control signal is generated by IC102. Exclusive clock circuit uses in this IC102. The
clock frequency have an effect to horizontal size on the screen. The H-sync and V-sync signal inputs
from the VPR-74 board are required as a timing pulse during operation. The control signal of display
data is output from CPU (pins 1 to 3 of IC103). Characters are actually superimposed using an analog
switch on the VPR-74 board. No screen display may appear when [SOURCE:THRU] or
[DISPLAY:OFF] is set in the menu.
. Remote 1 input and infrared remote control reception
An infrared remote control pulse is received using the infrared photosensor (IC302) on the KEY-49/KEY51 board. This pulse is waveform-shaped by IC209 on the SY-299 board and output to the IF-852 board.
When a wired remote control is connected to J1 on the IF-852 board, a wired remote control pulse is
selected as output. When it is not connected to J1, output pulse of a photosensor is selected as output.
One of selected pulse is waveform-shaped by IC209 on the SY-299 board and shift by IC106, then input
to CPU (pins 40 and 41 of IC103). Therefore, the wire remote control operation may fail due to the
failure of J1 on the IF-852 board.
. Remote 2 input
The two types of remote controls can be connected that are a open/short remote control (RM-91 etc.) and
analog-level remote control (FS-36 etc.) in J2 on the IF-852 board. A open/short-level signal is processed
by IC205 and input to CPU (pin 75 of IC103). An analog-level signal is processed by IC206 and input to
CPU (pin 49 of IC103).
. Remote 2 output
The control signal of a BUSY output signal is output by CPU (pin 34 of IC103) and driven using a buffer
(IC208). Afterward, a signal is input to two circuits of TTL output and open collector output, then an
output signal is decided either them by setting of S201 on the SY-299 board.

4-4-4. Communication with Internal CPU in Unit


. Interface with mechanical control block on the SY-299 board (IC302: PRT)
Bi-directional communication is performed by the asynchronous serial communication that uses serial
communication interface CH.0 incorporated into CPU.

Signal line name

I/O

Description

SY_PRT_TXD

Output

Communication data (IC103: SY IC302: PRT)

PRT_SY_RXD

Input

Communication data (IC302: PRT IC103: SY)

SY_PRT_RTS

Output

Communication enable (IC103: SY IC302: PRT)

L:active

PRT_SY_CTS

Input

Communication enable (IC302: PRT IC103: SY)

L:active

Communication format
System

Asynchronous system

Data length

8 bits

Stop bit

1 bit

Parity

None

Baud rate

19200 bps

UP-20/21MD V1

4-35

. Interface with mechanical control block on the VPR-74 board (FMY)


Bi-directional communication is performed by the asynchronous serial communication that uses serial
communication interface CH.3 incorporated into CPU.

Signal line name

I/O

Description

SY_FMY_TXD

Output

Communication data
(SY-299 board, IC103: SY VPR-74 board, IC501: FMY)

FMY_SY_RXD

Input

Communication data
(VPR-74 board, IC501: FMY SY-299 board, IC103: SY)

SY_FMY_RTS

Output

Communication enable
(SY-299 board, IC103: SY VPR-74 board, IC501: FMY)

L:active

FMY_SY_CTS

Input

Communication enable
(VPR-74 board, IC501: FMY SY-299 board, IC103: SY)

L:active

Communication format
System

Asynchronous system

Data length

8 bits

Stop bit

1 bit

Parity

None

Baud rate

19200 bps

4-4-5. Analog Video Block (VA) Control on the VPR-74 Board


. I2C bus control
Purpose
Controls the I2C bus circuit on the analog board.
Signal line name

I/O

Description

IIC-SCL

Output

Serial data clock

H:active

IIC_SDA

Output

Serial data

H:active

IIC_CTS

Input

Serial data transfer enable

H:active

Functions obtained by I2C bus control


(User menu)
HUE, COLOR, GAIN, OFFSET, MONI-R, MONI-G, MONI-B, IRE, SYNC ON G, and
INPUT SEL
(Service menu)
PICTURE, G DRIVE, B DRIVE, SUB-BRIGHT, and VBS Y
(Other functions)
HALFTONE
n
The object to be handled is an I2C-compatible circuit on the VPR-74 board. The center value for
adjustment is stored in I2C-EEPROM on the VPR-74 board. During start, the SY-299 board reads data
from I2C-EEPROM and initializes the IC on the VPR-74 board. These set values can be changed
(readjusted) in the service man mode. No communication is performed when I2C-CTS is in the send
disable (L) state.
4-36

UP-20/21MD V1

. Screen display-related signals


Purpose
Produces a pulse signal for screen display.
Signal line name

I/O

Description

OSD-R

Output

Screen display control data (R)

H:active

OSD-G

Output

Screen display control data (G)

H:active

OSD-B

Output

Screen display control data (B)

H:active

OSD_BLK

Output

Screen display control data (Blanking)

H:active

OSD_ON_NOFF

Output

Batch control of screen display superimposition (yes/no)

H:active

OSD_HD

Input

Timing pulse (H-SYNC)

Sync negative

OSD_VD

Input

Timing pulse (V-SYNC)

Sync negative

. Status signal
Input signal specification
The signal line INPUT_SEL1 shows on the schematic diagrams, but this line does not use in reality. All
of input signal switching realizes by IIC controls.
. Signal selection during output of source screen
THRU_EE

Contents

THROUGH

EE

n
This signal is used for control of a relay switch on the IF-851 board.
When menu/error appear on the screen, EE screen is output even if SOURCE is set to THRU.
. Color and B/W selection
SET_CL_nBW

Contents

COLOR

B/W

n
COLOR/BW bit processed on the I2C bus circuit is output by a status signal.
. Video mode (NTSC/PAL) selection
SW_NTSC_NPAL

Contents

NTSC

PAL

n
This mode is connected to the NTSC/PAL set switch on the IF-852 board.

UP-20/21MD V1

4-37

4-4-6. RS Communication Control


A serial signal of TTL level that is produced is serial communication interface CH.2 incorporated into
CPU, is converted at 8 V by level conversion IC (IC202 and IC203) then output it.
The last output signal is as follows:
Active:
8V
Non-active: _8 V
The TP position is as follows:
Active:
0V
Non-active: +5 V

Signal line name

I/O

Description

TXD

Output

Communication data (UP External)

RXD

Input

Communication data (External UP)

RTS

Output

Communication enable (UP External)

CTS

Input

Communication enable (External UP)

DTR

Output

Operation status (UP External)

DSR

Input

Operation status (External UP)

Communication format
System

Asynchronous system

Data length

8 bits

Stop bit

1 bit

Parity

None

Baud rate

1200/2400/4800/9600 bps (Menu switching)

4-4-7. Media Protection such for Software


Error message CHECK RIBBON A0 is displayed when specific printer of exclusive use for S paper is
set the L paper.

4-38

UP-20/21MD V1

Section 5
Troubleshooting
5-1. Video (Image) Related Trouble
The flow of a video signal is shown in the figure below.
[Flow of video signal]
Input block

SIGNAL
SOURCE

MONITOR Output block(Monitor)

ANALOG RGB.VIDEO.S-VIDEO
IF-851

RELAY

DECODER

ENCODER

VPR-74

DIGITAL RGB
DRAM

A/D
Test Pattern

D/A

MASKING

8bit DATA(Serial)
SY-299

(Serial to Parallel
Conversion)

HEAD DRIVER
8bit DATA(Parallel)

THERMAL HEAD
Output block(Print)

PRINT RESULT

The flow of a video signal can be mainly classified into input, monitor output, and print output blocks.
The block in which a trouble occurs can be supposed from the trouble state.
1. Both the print result and monitor display are abnormal.
In this trouble state, a trouble occurs in the input block.
2. The print result is normal and the monitor display is abnormal.
In this trouble state, a trouble occurs in the monitor output block.
3. The print result is abnormal and the monitor display is normal.
In this trouble state, a trouble occurs in the print output block.
Each block is described below.
For more details, refer to the block diagram, schematic diagram, and circuit operation description of each
board.

UP-20/21MD V1

5-1

Input Block
In the input block, the flow of a signal is as follows:
Signal input terminal (IF-851) - ADC (VPR-74) - DRAM (VPR-74)
If a trouble is judged to occur in the input block, check the state of a video trouble fully. For fine
symptoms in dots, a trouble may occur in a digital processing system [ADC (around IC350 to IC352) DRAM (around IC801)]. In other states, a trouble may occur in an analog processing system [IF-851 Decoder (around IC204) - ADC].
In the trouble of an analog processing system, the place where a trouble occurs can be more narrowed
down by checking the state of each signal (VIDEO, S-VIDEO, and RGB).
Monitor Output Block
In the monitor output block, the flow of a signal is as follows:
DRAM (VPR-74) - Encoder (VPR-74) - Signal output terminal (IF-851)
Like an input processing block, it can be supposed to some degree by the trouble state whether the block
where a trouble occurs is a digital processing system [DRAM - encoder (around IC407)] or analog
processing system (encoder - IF-851).
The place where a trouble occurs can be more narrowed down by the state of each monitor output signal
(VIDEO, S-VIDEO, and RGB).
Print Output Block
In the print output block, the flow of a signal is as follows:
DRAM (VPR-74) - Masking (VPR-74) - Head control (SY-299) - Thermal head
The data output from DRAM on the VPR-74 board is input through the masking circuit (around IC902
and IC903) on the VPR-74 board to the head control circuit (around IC401, IC402, and IC403) on the
SY-299 board.
Moreover, the print signal that was converted from serial to parallel in the head control block is output
through a harness from CN401 on the SY-299 board to the thermal head.

5-2

UP-20/21MD V1

5-2. Mechanical Troubleshooting


Symptom

Cause

Remedy

Power does not turn on

Interlock switch is damaged

Replace an interlock switch

Interlock switch connector is not connected

Connect an interlock switch connector

Head block incorrectly position

Turn on the power again

Head block incorrectly position


(Sensor S8 or S9 has failed)

Replace the sensor board assembly of


S8 or S9

Head block incorrectly position


(Gear or cam is damaged)

Replace a gear or cam

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Ribbon cassette is not inserted

Ribbon guide is detached

Reinstall a ribbon guide

Head does not move to downwar

Head block is unbiased when installing

Reinstall a head block while biasing

Cannot set the paper tray

Pinch roller shaft is detached

Reinstall a pick roller shaft

SET PAPER indicator does not


disappear even if setting the paper

Sensor S1 has failed

Replace a S1 sensor board assembly

Harness on S1 sensor board assembly


is not connected

Connect a harness

Paper curled

Remove the paper curling

Sensor S5, S6 or S7 has failed

Replace a S2 sensor board assembly

Harness on S2 sensor board assembly is not


connected

Connect a harness

Specified ribbon cassette does not use

Use a specified ribbon cassette

Discrimination mark for ribbon cassette is


stripped

Replace a ribbon cassette

DC motor has failed (No rotating)

Replace a DC motor

DC motor connector is not connected


(No rotating)

Connect a DC motor connector

Pick roller slipped

Confirm the paper surface not dirty

NO RIBBON CASSETTE indicator does


not disappear even if setting the ribbon

Cannot paper feed


(Cannot pull in paper to the unit)

Replace a pick roller assembly


(Worn out of roller)

Cannot paper feed (Paper can pull in to


the unit but stops into grip roller)

UP-20/21MD V1

Planetary gears 1, 2 and 3


cannot change correctly

Replace the mechanism deck

Harness make contact to pick roller

Improve the wiring of harness

Gear has failed (or damaged)

Replace a gear

STM has failed (No rotating)

Replace a STM assembly

STM connector is not connected

Connect the connector on a


STM assembly

Grip roller does not meshing to pinch roller

Replace the mechanism deck

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Gear has failed (or damaged)

Replace a gear

5-3

Symptom

Cause

Remedy

Unsuitable size of paper and


ribbon cassette is displayed

Paper is unsuitability size with ribbon

Replace the paper or ribbon cassette


in order to suitability size

Ribbon discriminate mark cannot


discriminate by dirty etc.

Replace a ribbon cassette

Sensor S5, S6 or S7 has failed

Replace a S2 sensor board assembly

Harness on S2 sensor board


assembly is not connected

Connect a harness

Overlapped paper feed


(Extreme cannot detect on the paper)

Remove the overlapped feed paper


(Do not use the removed paper)
Replace the mechanism deck

Overlapped paper feed cause


of the paper stuck

Remove the overlapped feed paper


(Do not use the removed paper)
Dispose the remained paper thoroughly

Grip roller does not meshing to pinch roller

Replace the mechanism deck

Cannot printing

Paper feeding irregular


occurs in printing side

Creases occurs in printing side

5-4

Actuator type photo sensor has failed

Replace an actuator type photo sensor

Connector of an actuator type sensor


is not connected

Connect a connector of an actuator type


photo sensor

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Gear has failed (or damaged)

Replace a gear

Power supply cable of a head is not connected

Connect a power supply cable of a head

Head harness for signal line is not connected

Connect a head harness for signal line

Power supply cable of a head is disconnected

Connect a power supply cable of a head

Head harness for signal line is disconnected

Connect a head harness for signal line

Head has failed

Replace a head

Sensor S8 or S9 has failed


(Head is not regular position)

Replace the sensor board assembly


of S8 or S9

Head block incorrectly position


(Cam, joint gear or gear has failed)

Replace the cam, joint gear or gear

Planetary gears 1, 2 and 3 cannot


change correctly

Replace the mechanism assembly

Belt incorrectly tension

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Specified paper does not use

Use the specified paper

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Gear has failed (variety of core etc.)

Replace a gear

Head incorrectly position

Readjust a head position correctly

Specified paper does not use

Use the specified paper

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Static electricity plate is not installed correctly

Reinstall a static electricity plate

Head block incorrectly position


(Cam, joint gear or gear has failed)

Replace the cam, joint gear or gear

UP-20/21MD V1

Symptom
Color print gap occurs in printing side

Density irregular occurs in printing side

Thinning print occurs in printing side

Streak lines occurs in printing side

Irregular sound occurs under printing

Paper jammed

UP-20/21MD V1

Cause

Remedy

Grip roller does not meshing to pinch roller

Replace the mechanism deck

Back tension spring unsuitability strength

Replace the mechanism deck

Torque limiter unsuitability strength

Replace the mechanism deck

Belt incorrectly tension

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Reinstall a STM assembly

Head block is slipped out of the place


(Defective of compressibility)

Reinstall a head block

Head block incorrectly position


(Cam, joint gear or gear has failed)

Replace the cam, joint gear or gear

Head has failed

Replace a head

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Head block incorrectly position


(Cam, joint gear or gear has failed)

Replace the cam, joint gear or gear

Head incorrectly position

Readjust the head position correctly

Specified paper does not use

Use the specified paper

Head block is slipped out of the place


(Defective of compressibility)

Reinstall a head block

Head block incorrectly position


(Cam, joint gear or gear has failed)

Replace the cam, joint gear or gear

Head incorrectly position

Replace a head block assembly

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Ribbon cassette has failed

Replace a ribbon cassette

Back tension spring unsuitability strength

Replace the mechanism deck

Torque limiter unsuitability strength

Replace the mechanism deck

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

Gear is damaged

Replace a gear

Overlapped paper feed

Remove the overlapped feed paper


(Do not use the removed paper)
Replace the mechanism deck

Overlapped paper feed cause


of the paper stuck

Remove the overlapped feed paper


(Do not use the removed paper)
Dispose the reminded paper thoroughly

Ribbon cassette has failed


(Paper caught in the bottom of the cassette)

Replace a ribbon cassette

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

STM has failed (No rotating)

Replace a STM assembly

STM connector is not connected

Connect the connector on a


STM assembly

Harness of the rear side is detached


to the paper carrying path

Improve wiring of the harness

5-5

Symptom

Cause

Remedy

Does not paper delivery

Planetary gears 1, 2 and 3 cannot


change correctly

Replace the mechanism deck

Ribbon cassette has failed


(Paper caught in the bottom of the cassette)

Replace a ribbon cassette

Head block is slipped out of the place

Reinstall a head block

Loss of synchronism in STM


(Belt incorrectly tension)

Readjust the belt tension correctly

STM has failed (No rotating)

Replace a STM assembly

STM connector is not connected

Connect the connector on a


STM assembly

Delivery roller has failed

Replace a delivery roller assembly

Limit lever is detached from the bearings

Reinstall the bearings of a limit lever

Gear is damaged

Replace a gear

DC fan has failed

Replace a DC fan

DC fan connector is not connected

Connect a DC fan connector

Limit lever spring is not hanged

Re-hang a limit lever spring

Limit lever is detached from the bearings

Reinstall the bearings of a limit lever

Delivery guide incorrectly position

Reinstall a delivery guide

S11 sensor has failed

Replace a S11 sensor board assembly

Too fast timing operates head cleaning

Indicator does not disappear in spite of


no accumulates the delivered paper

5-6

UP-20/21MD V1

Mechanical Trouble NG Code List


NG_CODE1
Display message

NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

Cheking point

Example of possible cause

MECHA TROUBLE

E1

08

HEAD_HOME_TIME_OUT

Cannot move head to head up position, time runs out

. Relation of DC motor

. DC motor harness is not connected.

09

HEAD_HOME_PICK_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from head up to paper pick position, time runs out

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN205, IC203

. Sensor harness is not connected.

0a

HEAD_PICK_HALF1_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from paper pick to head half position, time runs out

SY-299/CN302, IC302

. Overload is applied to mechanical block.

0b

HEAD_HALF1_DOWN1_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from head half to Y print position, time runs out

0c

HEAD_DOWN1_HALF2_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from Y print to head half position, time runs out

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN104

10

HEAD_HALF2_DOWN2_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from head half to M print position, time runs out

SY-299/CN301, IC302

11

HEAD_DOWN2_HALF3_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from M print to head half position, time runs out

S8/S9

12

HEAD_HALF3_DOWN3_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from head half to C print position, time runs out

13

HEAD_DOWN3_HALF4_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from C print to head half position, time runs out

14

HEAD_HALF4_DOWN4_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from head half to L print position, time runs out

15

HEAD_DOWN4_HOME_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from L print to head up position, time runs out

16

HEAD_DOWN3_HOME_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from C print to head up position, time runs out

17

HEAD_PICK_HALF2_TIMEOUT

Cannot move head from paper pick to head half position, time runs out

1f

HEAD_POS_ERROR

Cannot detect head position

1d

HEAD_COLD_ERROR

Detects the abnormal temperature of thermal head thermistor

1e

HEAD_HEAT_TIMEOUT

Cannot rise the regular temperature during pre-heating of a thermal head, time
runs out

34

RIBBON_MCL_TIMEOUT

Detects index mark during magenta or cyan indexing of an ink ribbon by sensor S3,

HEAD

CHECK RIBBON

E1

. Relation of sensor

. Thermal head

time runs out

SY-299/CN401, IC302
. Relation of DC motor

. Head cam FG has damaged.


etc.

. Thermal head has failed.


. Thermal head harness is not connected or damaged etc,.
. Sensor harness is not connected.

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN205, IC203

. Ribbon take-up torque incorrectly.

SY-299/CN302, IC302

etc.

. Relation of sensor
MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC104
SY-299/CN301, IC302
S3
A0

MECHA TROUBLE

E1

51

CHECK RIBBON

LOAD_TMG_TIMEOUT

Detects an unused ribbon by a ribbon type detect sensor 0 to 2 (S5 to S7)

Printing paper is not fed until a feed sensor (S2) when feeding paper, time runs out

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC105

. Type reflection port of an ink ribbon has failed.

SY-299/CN301, IC302

. Sensor harness is not connected.

S5-S7

. Optical axis is out of place because of sensor board is


installed incorrectly.

. Relation of DC motor

LOAD

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN205, IC203

/CHECK PAPER

SY-299/CN302, IC302
. Relation of sensor

LOAD

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103

. Sensor harness is not connected.


. Paper feed is fault by reduce of friction on paper feed
roller.
. Paper feed tray has damaged.
etc.

SY-299/CN301, IC302
S2
(Continued)

UP-20/21MD V1

(i)

(i)

(Continued of NG_CODE1)

Display message

NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

Cheking point

Example of possible cause

MECHA TROUBLE
LOAD
/CHECK PAPER
LOAD

E1

52

PULLIN_TMG_TIMEOUT

Printing paper cannot be pulled in from a paper feed sensor (S2) to the inside of a unit

. Relation of stepping motor

. Stepping motor harness is not connected.

MECHA TROUBLE
EJECT
/CHECK PAPER
EJECT

E1

56

LOAD_PAPER_SHORT

58

PUSHOUT_TMG_TIMEOUT

when feeding paper, time runs out

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN206, IC204

. Sensor harness is not connected.

Detects short paper during load by a paper feed sensor (S2) when feeding paper, time

SY-299/CN302, IC302

. Loss of synchronism in a stepping motor.

. Relation of sensor

runs out

59

EJECT_TMG_TIMEOUT

. Overload is applied to grip roller mechanism.

Print paper cannot be pushed out from the inside of a unit to a paper feed sensor (S2)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103

. Overlapped paper feed.

when paper ejection, time runs out

SY-299/CN301, IC302

etc.

Printing paper cannot be ejected from paper feed sensor (S2) to the outside of a unit

S2

when paper ejection, time runs out


MECHA TROUBLE
PROCESS

E1

61

62

PP_LD_MISSING_ERR

PP_LD_JAM_ERR

Detects paper is not existed under paper exist timing conditions by a paper feed

. Relation of stepping motor

. Sensor harness is not connected.

sensor (S2) when retracting paper

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN206, IC204

. Overload is applied to grip roller mechanism.

Detects paper exist under paper is not existed timing conditions by a paper feed

SY-299/CN302, IC302

. Loss of synchronism in a stepping motor.

. Relation of sensor

sensor (S2) when retracting paper

etc.

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S2
63

PP_JAM_ERR

64

PP_JAM_MISSING_ERR

65

PP_PRINT_TIMEOUT

Detects paper exist under paper is not existed timing conditions by a jamming sensor

. Relation of stepping motor

. Sensor harness is not connected.

(S10) when retracting paper

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN202, CN206, IC204

. Overload is applied to stepping motor mechanism.

Detects paper is not existed under paper exist timing conditions by a jamming sensor

SY-299/CN302, IC302

. Loss of synchronism in a stepping motor.

. Relation of sensor

(S10) when retracting paper


Long time is spent in printing, time runs out

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN105

. Overlapped paper feed.


etc.

SY-299/CN301, IC302
S10
MECHA TROUBLE
SENSOR

E1

73

RBN_CD_ALARM

Fall detection level of a ribbon cueing detect sensor (S3)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103-

. Deterioration in sensitivity of sensor due to dust

74

PAPER_LD_ALARM

Fall detection level of a paper in sensor (S1)

IC105

etc,.

75

PAPER_IN_ALARM

Fall detection level of a paper feed sensor (S2)

SY-299/CN301, IC302

76

RBN_TYPE0_ALARM

Fall detection level of a ribbon type detect sensor 0 (S5)

Each sensor (S1-S7)

77

RBN_TYPE1_ALARM

Fall detection level of a ribbon type detect sensor 1 (S6)

78

RBN_TYPE2_ALARM

Fall detection level of a ribbon type detect sensor 2 (S7)

7f

ROOM_HEAT_ERROR

Detects abnormal high temperature in a room thermistor

MEC-15 or MEC-20/THP201, CN202

. Defective of harness etc,.

SY-299/CN302, IC302

(ii)

(ii)

UP-20/21MD V1

A way at looking the list: For NG_CODE2 to 5, refer to HEX code converting as binary. (Example For h42 = 0100 0010: sixth bit and first bit)
NG_CODE2
NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

Cheking point

Example of possible cause

E2

BIT 2

PAPER_JAM_SENS

Defective of a jamming sensor (S10) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN105


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S10

BIT 1

PAPER_EJ_SENS

Defective of a delivery flap sensor (S11) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN106


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S11

BIT 0

DOOR_SENS

Defective of a front panel opening sensor detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

SE-642
KEY-49 or KEY-51/CN301, CN302
SY-299/CN203, IC302

NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

E3

BIT 6
BIT 5

HEAD THERMISTOR

Defective of a temperature detection of a head thermistor (when


mechanism adjustment)

Thermal head
SY-299/CN401, IC302

. Thermal head harness is not connected.


etc.

BIT 4
BIT 3

ROOM THERMISTOR

Defective of temperature detection of a room thermistor


(THP201 on the MEC-15/MEC-20 board) (when mechanism
adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/THP201, CN202


SY-299/CN302, IC302

. Harness is not connected.

BIT 0

EEPROM

Cannot write or read correctly in EEPROM (IC102 on the MEC15/MEC-20 board) (when mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/IC102, CN101


SY-299/CN301, IC302

. Harness is not connected.

NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

E4

BIT 5
BIT 4

RBN_CD_SENS

Defective of a ribbon cueing sensor (S3) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC104


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S3

BIT 3
BIT 2

PAPER_LD_SENS

Defective of a paper feed sensor (S2) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MMEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S2

BIT 1
BIT 0

PAPER_IN_SENS

Defective of a paper in sensor (S1) detection (when mechanism


adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC103


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S1

. Sensor harness is not connected.


. Sensor board is installed incorrectly.

NG_CODE3
Cheking point

Example of possible cause

NG_CODE4

UP-20/21MD V1

Cheking point

(iii)

Example of possible cause

(iii)

. Sensor harness is not connected.


. Optical axis is out of place because of sensor board is installed incorrectly.

NG_CODE5
NG command

NG data

Contents of NG

Symptom

Cheking point

E5

BIT 5
BIT 4

RBN_TYPE_SENS2

Defective of a ribbon type sensor 2 (S7) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC105


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S7

BIT 3
BIT 2

RBN_TYPE_SENS1

Defective of a ribbon type sensor 1 (S6) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC105


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S6

BIT 1
BIT 0

RBN_TYPE_SENS0

Defective of a ribbon type sensor 0 (S5) detection (when


mechanism adjustment)

MEC-15 or MEC-20/CN101, CN103, IC101, IC104


SY-299/CN301, IC302
S5

(iv)

(iv)

Example of possible cause


. Sensor harness is not connected.
. Optical axis is out of place because of sensor board is installed incorrectly.

UP-20/21MD V1

SAFETY CHECK-OUT
After correcting the original service problem,
perform the following safety checks before
releasing the set to the customer :
Check the metal trim, metallized knobs, screws,
and all other exposed metal parts for AC
leakage. Check leakage as described below.
LEAKAGE TEST
The AC leakage from any exposed metal part to
earth ground and from all exposed metal parts to
any exposed metal part having a return to
chassis, must not exceed 0.5 mA. Leakage
current can be measured by any one of three
methods.
1. A commercial leakage tester, such as the
Simpson 229 or RCA WT-540A. Follow the
manufacturers instructions to use these
instruments.
2. A battery-operated AC milliammeter. The
Data Precision 245 digital multimeter is
suitable for this job.
3. Measuring the voltage drop across a resistor
by means of a VOM or battery-operated AC
voltmeter. The limit indication is 0.5 V, so
analog meters must have an accurate lowvoltage scale. The Simpson 250 and Sanwa
SH-63Trd are examples of a passive VOM
that is suitable. (See Fig. A)

To Exposed Metal
Parts on Set
10 kZ

1.0 kZ

0.015 F

AC
voltmeter
(0.5V)

Earth Ground
Fig A. Using an AC voltmeter to check AC leakage.

UP-20/21MD V1

UP-20 (UC, CE)


UP-21MD (UC, CE) E
9-955-307-13

Sony Corporation
B&P Company

Printed in Japan
2003. 8 22
2001