You are on page 1of 37

Welcome to

english

LEVEL 4

dot works

Learning Guide 1

Someone got up on the wrong side of the bed

2
I have a party tonight. I need to go to the
hair salon and get ready to shine. Do you
want to join me, today? If so, first, read
what you are going to learn during this
week, and then take your notebook and
come on!

RAP: Identificar las necesidades comunicativas


de
conformidad con las situaciones del contexto y los
elementos lingsticos pertinentes.
Target language: Tiempos verbales: presente simple y
continuo, formas del futuro, auxiliares modales, pasado
simple (definido e indefinido) y continuo, presente perfecto y
presente perfecto continuo
Function: Reconocer la situacin
seleccionar los elementos lingsticos

comunicativa

Evaluation Criteria: Emplea las estructuras gramaticales y


el vocabulario pertinente para cada situacin comunicativa.

1.1 LOOK! WHATS GOING ON?


1.1 Look! Whats going on?

INTRO

1.2 Will you go to the party?

1.3 I got a dress!

3.

Where does she work?


a. She works as a secretary
b. She works at AFL
Laboratories
c. She works in a salon

4. What time does she start


and finish her work?
a. She starts at 8 am and
finish at 6 pm.
b. She starts at 8 am and
finishes at 6 pm.
c. She starts at 9 am and
finishes at 6 pm.
5. Where does she usually
go on Saturday?

COMPREHENSION

a. To the lab
b. To work
c. To the hair salon

Choose the right answer:


1. Is Betty Florez a
hardworking person?
a. No, she isnt.
b. Yes, she does.
c. Yes, she is.

2.

Where does she live?


a. She lives in Barranquilla
b. She lives in AFL
c. She does live in
Barranquilla

6. Today is Saturday, what is


Betty doing at the hair salon?
a. Picking up her car
b. Working
c. Changing her look

7. What is the police officer


doing?
a. Trying to find the cars
owner.
b. Getting Bettys hair done.
c. Crying on the crane.
8.

Why is Betty crying out?


a. Because her car was
lifted by a crane.
b. Because her hairdresser
cut her hair badly.
c. Because the police officer
made her run desperate.

9. What is the hairdresser


doing?
a. Crying
b. Running
c. Cutting Bettys hair
10. Whose car was in
trouble?
a. Bettys
b. The hairdressers
c. None

10

LEARN
COMPARE
- I play tennis on Saturdays
- Today is Saturday, I am playing tennis
- I go to school at 7:00 am every day
- It's 7:00 am, I'm going to school now
IDENTIFY
Identifica el Presente Simple y Continuo en las siguientes
situaciones:
A: What do you do on Saturday morning?
B: I play tennis on Saturday morning
A: What are you doing now?
B: It's Saturday, I'm playing tennis
A: What time do you go to school?
B: I go to school at 7:00 am everyday
A: Are you going to school now?
B: Yes, I'm going to school as everyday at 7:00 am.

Generalmente usamos el Presente Simple para hablar de


situaciones habituales y el Presente Continuo para acciones que se
estn llevando a cabo en ese momento, pero hay ocasiones en las
que esta diferenciacin no es posible.
PRESENT SIMPLE
El presente simple permite hablar de algo que ocurre siempre, antes
y despus de este momento:
Past

Now

Future

Sujeto+Verbo (en infinitive sin la partcula to)+complemento


Si el sujeto es tercera persona del singular se le aade una s al
verbo
Lisa works every day
It always rains here
Tambin se utiliza siempre para referirse a una fecha fijada para
ms adelante o un da sealado:
Tomorrow is my graduation day
The videoconference starts at 10:00 am

11

12
NORMA ESPECIAL: es en lugar de s para la tercer persona:
Para los verbos acabados en o, sh, ch, ss, x, z, y se
aade es en la tercera persona del singular en lugar de s:
Ejemplos:
To wish-He wishes
To fix-She fixes
To watch-He watches
To Kiss- She kisses
To reach-It reaches
To go-She goes
To express-He expresses
To buzz-It buzzes
Los verbos acabados en "-y" cuando la "y" no sea precedida de una
vocal. Forman la tercera persona en "-ies".
To study-She studies
To fly-He flies

PRESENT CONTINUOUS
El presente continuo se emplea principalmente para hablar
de algo que est ocurriendo justo en el momento en el que
se habla, aunque tambin puede referirse a planes y citas
concertadas en el futuro:

Now

Future

Sujeto+ verbo+ing+complement
Leo plays the guitar but he isn't playing now.
They are going to Spain after Christmas.

Las palabras como to play no cumple est norma cuando la palabra


anterior es una vocal, debe aadirse la s.

13

14
PRONUNCIACIN
La terminacin ing que se agrega al infinitivo del verbo (sin
to) nunca se acenta. Se pronuncia in y la g se escucha
apenas, un poco como en ding-dong.
Practica la pronunciacin de estos verbos en presente
simple y continuo.
Listen and Repeat
To drink
Drinking
To eat
Eating

beber
bebiendo
comer
comiendo

To play

jugar

Playing

jugando

VOCABULARIO
Listen and Repeat
Angry

Enfadado(a)

To disturb

Molestar

Landscape

Paisaje

Hungry

Hambriento(a)

To be fed up with

Estar harto (a)

Thick

Grueso (a)

Sweater

Sueter

15

16
RECUERDE QUE:

Pensamiento y opinin: believe, remember, know, think,


seem...

Narraciones o historias

Gusto, preferencias: like, dislike, love, hate...

Para narrar los hechos principales y el continuo para


describir o ambientar.
He drives the car and looks at him.
He is listening to music and he doesnt recognize him.
Then he shouts..
(El conduce y lo mira.
Est escuchando msica y no le reconoce.
Entonces grita...)
En Verbos de Estado

Hay ocasiones en que los verbos de estado pueden ir en


forma progresiva:
1 Para indicar que una situacin es temporal.
I love having dinner with you.
Me encanta cenar contigo (habitualmente).
I am loving having dinner with you.
Me est encantando cenar contigo (hoy).

Los verbos de estado ('state verbs') no pueden ir en tiempos


continuos.

Para indicar que una percepcin es voluntaria

Estos son los que expresan:

This meal smells wonderful.


Esta comida huele de maravilla (estado, percepcin).

Estado y posesin: be, have, own...


Percepcin y sentido: see, hear, smell, feel, taste...

Im smelling this rose.


Estoy oliendo esta rosa (accin voluntaria).

17

18
Con los verbos de pensamiento u opinin se usa las formas
continuas para indicar que hemos empezado a pensar de
esa manera o que no estamos seguro de algo
I regret that the car will have to be sold.
Lamento que el carro tendr que ser vendido
tomado mi decisin y lo siento).

(ya he

I'm regretting my decision to sell the car.


Estoy lamentando mi decisin de vender el carro (cada vez
soy ms consciente de que era una decisin errnea).
El verbo 'feel' cuando significa creer u opinar va en forma
simple y cuando denota estado va en simple o continua.

PARA TENER EN CUENTA


Algunos verbos nunca se conjugan en presente continuo,
entre ellos: like, see, love, hate, believe, prefer, need, know,
understand o remember.
Por ejemplo, diremos
Pardon me? I dont understand
(Perdone, no entiendo)
en lugar de
Im not understanding.

I feel he is wrong.
Creo que est equivocado (opinin).
She is feeling good.
Se siente bien (sentido, estado).
I feel good.
Me siento bien (sentido, estado).

NOW LETS PRACTICE!

19

20

PRACTICE
Exercise 1.

Exercise 2.
Choose the correct form of the verb and build sentences in the
Simple Present or the Present Continuous. / Escoge la forma
correcta del verbo y elabora las oraciones en Presente Simple o el
Presente Continuo.
1)

Put the verbs in brackets in Simple Present or Present Continuous/ Coloca


los verbos que estn entre parenthesis en Presente Simple o Continuo.
1)

She ___________ sometimes magazines. (to read)

2)

We never ___________TV in the morning. (to watch)

3)

Listen! Julio ____________ in the bathroom. (to sing)

4)

My brother usually_______________ in the kitchen. (to help)

5)

My grandma ________________ breakfast now. (to make)

6)

They often ________________the bathroom. (to clean)

7)

Look! The children _____________home. (to come) (Respuesta

8)

Every day his brother _____________ for a walk. (to go)

9)

She__________________with her friend at the moment. (to chat)

10) Lions ______________ meat. (to eat)

Victor _________ football at the moment.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

2)

They ____________ often tests at our school.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

3)

Play
Plays
Am playing
Is playing
Are playing

Write
Writes
Am writing
Is writing
Are writing

He ______________to my teacher now.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Talk
Talks
Am talking
Is talking
Are talking

21

22
4) Look! Manolo and Ann ____________ a film on TV.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Visit
Visits
Am Visiting
Is Visiting
Are Visiting

6) Now, the sun __________________ .


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Shine
Shines
Is shining
Are shining
Am shining

7) They sometimes_______________ poems in the lessons.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Read
Reads
Am Reading
Is Reading
Are Reading

Listen! The band _______________ the new guitar.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Watch
Watches
Am watching
Is watching
Are watching

5) Vicky ________________her uncle every weekend.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

8)

9)

Test
Tests
Am testing
Is testing
Are testing

First I_______________ , then I dress.


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Wash
Washes
Am washing
Is washing
Are washing

10) Every morning my sister ____________________ up at 6


o'clock.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Get
Gets
Am getting
Is getting
Are getting

23

24

TASK 1

CULTURE & TIPS

1. What do you usally do on Saturday mornings?

VIDEO

TIP

Write a short paragraph (50


words min.) in English,
describing what you usually
do on Saturday mornings.

Then, record your voice,


reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.

Escriba
una
pequea
composicin (mnimo 50
palabras)
en
Ingls
describiendo lo que usted
usualmente hace un sbado
en la maana.

Luego, grabe su voz,


leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su
composicin.
Use
http://vocaroo.com/
para
realizar su grabacin.

25

26
2. Whats going on?
Attention!

Imagine you are a local weather


reporter. Today while you are at the
citys square, it starts raining.
Describe what youre seeing at this
moment, as the rain doesnt stop
falling. Write a paragraph (50
words min.)
Imagine que usted es un reportero
del canal local del clima. Hoy
mientras usted est en el parque
central de su ciudad, empieza a
caer un fuerte aguacero. Narre lo
que est viendo en este momento,
mientras la lluvia no para de caer.
Escriba su narracin (mnimo 50
palabras).

Then, record your voice,


reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.

Cada uno de los puntos del task 1 debe realizarlos en


el mismo documento de texto. En el caso de las grabaciones deber copiar y pegar el link que proporciona
vocaroo. Luego, de tener su documento completo,
nmbrelo de la siguiente forma: Su nombre completo_Task 1 y envelo a su tutor por medio del enlace de
envo actividad en la plataforma.

Luego, grabe su voz,


leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su
composicin.
Use
http://vocaroo.com/
para
realizar su grabacin.

27

28

1.2. WILL YOU GO TO THE PARTY?


INTRO

29

30

31

32
COMPREHENSION
Choose the right answer
1.

Will Betty go to the party?


a. Yes, she is going.
b. No, she wont
c. Yes, she will.

2.

Where will Betty buy her dress?


a. At a boutique
b. At a restaurant
c. None

3.

Where will Betty and Amanda meet?


a. At the restaurant
b. At the boutique
c. At the parking lot

4.

Will Betty go to the restaurant?


a. No, she wont
b. No, she will
c. Yes, she will

5.

What happened at the end of the story?


a. Betty bought a stunning dress.
b. Amanda bought a stunning dress.
c. Amanda was going to take a red dress with her.

33

34

LEARN
Formas del Futuro: Will
IDENTIFY/IDENTIFICA
Identifica las formas del futuro Will en las siguientes situaciones:

LEARN/APRENDE
Conceptos de formas del futuro
con Will

- Sally will go to a meeting tomorrow (Sally ir a una reunion


maana)
- I will be ready in an hour (Estar listo(a) en una hora)

El presente simple permite hablar


de algo que ocurre siempre, antes y
despus de este momento:

A: Where will Sam go on vacations? (A donde ir Sam en


vacaciones?)
B: Sam will go to France (Sam ir a Francia)

En el idioma ingls existen varias formas para referirse al futuro.


Una de ellas es el Present Continuous, el cual se estudi en la
anterior unidad. Otra es el uso del future tense, equivalente al
tiempo futuro espaol. El future tense emplea el verbo auxiliar Will
para construir las oraciones y se utiliza para predecir, dar opinin o
pedir algo, entre otros.

A: Will you study English at night today? (Estudiaras Ingls en la


noche hoy?)
B: Yes, I will study English at night today (Si, estudiar Ingls en la
noche hoy)
A: Will you be able to repair the car this Sunday? (Sers capaz de
reparar el carro este domingo?)
B: Of course, but it will take a week to repair it (Por supuesto, pero
tomar una semana para repararlo)

Will va seguido por el infinitivo sin la partcula to.


Futuro con el Auxiliar Will
Estructura
Pronombre + Will + verbo + complemento

35

36
I + will+ go to the police (El ir a la policia) POSITIVE SENTENCE
He+ will not+ do the exam (El no har el examen) NEGATIVE
SENTENCE

En oraciones Negativas: Se sustituye will not por won't


I will not = I won't
You will not = You won't

Will she have a


INTERROGATIVE

suitcase?

(Ella

tendr

una

maleta?)
He/She/It will not = He wont/She won't/It won't

El verbo auxiliar will se puede escribir de dos formas:

We will not = We wont

En oraciones Afirmativas: Se sustituye Wi- por un apstrofe (')

They will not = They won't

I will: I'll

I'll be There at 8:00 am/ We'll walk around the park/ She'll work
until 6:00 o'clock/It'll rain soon

You will: You'll


He/She/It will: He'll/She'll/It'll

En la forma Negativa will not podr sustituirse por wont


Rafael won't buy the bike/Lisa won't call her mother/He won't study
today

We will: we'll
They will: They'll

En la forma Interrogativa no existe la forma contrada:


Will you go to school?/ Will Marie attend the meeting?/Will He take
the car?

37

38
PRONUNCIACIN
Podemos decir que la L inglesa se pronuncia de una manera
ligeramente diferente a la l espaola, sobre todo cuando se
encuentra al final de una palabra.
Practica la pronunciacin de las siguientes expresiones:

VOCABULARIO
Listen and Repeat
To fix

Arreglar

To Send for

Llamar/convocar

he'll come/El vendr

Break down

Averiarse/derribar

She'll study/Ella estudiar

To go out

Salir/Irse

You'll return/Usted regresar

To Burn

Quemar

We'll meet/Nosotros nos encontraremos

To repair

Reparar

it'll be/Ser

To cut off

Cortar un suministro

Listen and Repeat

They'll sell/Ellos vendern

39

40
RECUERDE QUE:
Se usa will o won't para:
Hacer predicciones
Example: Today it will be rainy (Hoy ser lluvioso).
Cuando es una decisin espontanea

PARA TENER EN CUENTA


Aunque en la actualidad prcticamente no se utiliza, debe
saber que el auxiliar shall puede sustituir a will tanto en la
primera persona del singular como del plural. Es igual de
correcto decir I shall go to the doctor tomorrow o We shall
go to the cinema on Saturday night pero no She shall
clean the house.

Example: I think Ill go to the University tomorrow (Creo


que ir a la Universidad).
Para prometer algo

NOW LETS PRACTICE!

Example: - Ill visit Luis next monday (Visitar a Luis el


prximo lunes).
Para ofrecer ayuda
Example: - Ill help you (Te ayudar)
Para pedir que alguien haga algo
Example: - Will you take my suitcase to the airport?
(Llevars my maleta al aeropuerto?)

41

42

Exercise 2.
Put the sentences into the correct order/Coloca las oraciones en el
orden correcto.

PRACTICE
Exercise 1.
Mix and Match each sentence/Mezcla y empareja cada oracin.

1. Take/hotel/He/taxi/will/the/at Orden: He will take the taxi at the hotel


2. The/find/think/will/Sandra/I/solution/
the solution

Orden: I think Sandra will find

1.The weather is not so good

a. but She wont do it

2. She is coming to the meeting

b. It will be full

3. office/will/until/in/I/late/work/my Orden: I will work until late in my


office

3. Ill publish the new today

c. I am sure she will win


the championship

4. sick/Susana/go/school/because/to/is/She/wont Orden: Susana wont


go to school because She is sick

4. Shes the best basketball player

d. You will see her there.

5. I asked her to receive the guest

e. It will rain

6. There are a lot of people


in the concert

f. but you wont read it until Monday

7. I told Jhon at 8:00 am

g. They wont pay for it

8. It is too expensive

h. He will be late

9. Hurry up!

i. James will talk about management

10. We have a videoconference


on Tuesday

j. You wont be ready when


she arrives

5. month/will/Pars/Mauricio/travel/I/to/next
travel to Pars next month

Orden: Mauricio and I will

6. Christmas/dinner/Will/prepare/the/you/?/for Orden: Will you prepare


the dinner for Christmas?
7. house/stay/ Mara/this/Will/in/?/ Orden: Will Mara stay in this house?
8. that/This/wont/Andrea/she/out/me/go/told/Saturday Orden: Andrea
told me that she wont go out this Saturday
9. test/take/hours/the/will/two Orden: The test will take two hours
10. when/get/I/you/call/will/there Orden: I will call you when I get there

43

44

TASK 2

CULTURE & TIPS

Pronunciation

Grabe con su propia voz el siguiente dilogo y enve el archivo de


audio a travs del enlace de envo correspondiente. (Puede
grabar el dilogo usted mismo o con otra persona)

VIDEO

TIP

Jason: How old are you Betty?


Betty: I am twenty-five years old but Ill be twenty-six in October 1st.
Jason: Wow, it will be your birthday soon. What will you do?
Betty: My friend Sally will take me to a beautiful restaurant
Jason: I love going to restaurants. Can I go with you?
Betty: Sure! Will you take your sister?
Jason: No, I dont think so. She will be in a meeting that day.
Betty: What a pity! She will miss my birthday.
Jason: Anyway, I will ask her if she can that day
Betty: That would be nice. I must go. So, see you tomorrow Jason.
Jason: See you Betty, bye bye!
Betty: bye Jason!
Escuche la pronunciacin del dilogo a continuacin :
Escuchar audio

45

46

1.3. I GOT A DRESS!


INTRO

47

48

49

50

51

52
COMPREHENSION
Choose the right answer
1.

Why Betty was disappointed?


a. Because she couldnt find her dress size.
b. Because she felt sick.
c. Because her friend Amanda was going to buy the dress
she liked.

2.

Did Amanda buy a dress?


a. Yes, she did.
b. No, she didnt.
c. No, she did not.

3.

Where were Amanda and Betty?


a. At the party.
b. At the boutique.
c. At the mall.

4.

What was Amanda doing in the boutique?


a. Getting a new dress.
b. Window shopping.
c. Buying a perfect outfit for the party.

5.

Was Betty having a lucky day?


a. Definitely, she was. She got a dress.
b. Definitely, she wasnt. She got a stain on her new dress.
c. No, she wasnt. She couldnt get the dress she liked.

LEARN
COMPARE
- She finished her homework quickly (Ella termin su tarea
rpidamente).
- Ana was working when Carolina called her (Ana estaba
trabajando cuando Carolina la llam).
- I watched a football match on TV yesterday. (Vi un partido de
futbol en Televisin ayer).
- I was sleeping when my son arrived (Yo estaba durmiendo
cuando mi hijo lleg).
IDENTIFY
Identifica el Pasado Simple y Continuo en las siguientes situaciones:
A: Did you clean the house on Monday? (Limpiastes la casa el
lunes?)
B: Yes, I did. I cleaned the garden too. (Si lo hice. Limpi tambin
el jardin.)
A: Was Danny wearing a blue T-Shirt? (Danny estaba usando una
camiseta azul?)
B: No, he wasnt. He was wearing a yellow T-shirt. (No, el no la
usaba. El usaba una camisa amarilla).

53

54
A: I went to the supermarket while my husband was doing the
washing up. (Fu al supermercado mientras mi esposo estaba
lavando los platos.
B: Did you buy my favorite chocolate? (Comprastes mi
chocolate favorite?)
A: The kids were playing in the garden when Lisbon arrived
home. (Los nios estaban jugando en el jardn cuando su madre
lleg a la casa.)
B: Did she bring the gifts for the kids? (Ella trajo los regales para
los nios?)

LEARN/APRENDE
Conceptos Pasado Simple y Continuo
PAST SIMPLE/PASADO SIMPLE
Los verbos en Pasado Simple nos permiten hablar de cosas que ya
han sucedido.
For Example: I closed the door (Yo cerr la puerta).
En el pasado simple utilizamos el auxiliar did para todas las
personas, incluyendo la tercera persona del singular (he/she/it), as
como tambin en su forma negativa e interrogativa.
NEGATIVE:
She didnt do the test/Ella no hizo el test
INTERROGATIVE:
Did she call the police?/Ella llam a la policia?
En la forma afirmativa no utilizamos el auxiliar did sino que
aadimos la particula ed al infinitivo.
AFFIRMATIVE:
Juan watched a great movie on Saturday/Juan vi una gran
pelicula el Sbado.

55

56
PAST CONTINUOUS/PASADO CONTINUO
El pasado continuo es bastante similar al presente continuo, solo
que en este caso hablamos del pasado. Indica que la accin o el
hecho al que hacemos referencia estaba ocurriendo en ese
momento: la frase She was working seala que en aquel instante
al que se alude: Ella estaba trabajando. Veamos su uso y forma:
AFFIRMATIVE:
Amparo was sleeping until late/Amparo estaba durmiendo hasta
tarde.
Camilo and Ally were studying in my house yesterday/ Camilo y
Ally estuvieron estudiando en mi casa ayer.
NEGATIVE:
Jazmin wasnt sitting on that chair/ Jazmin no estaba sentada en
esa silla.
Adriana and Rafael werent playing in the yard/ Adriana y Rafael
no estaban jugando en el patio.

PRONUNCIACIN
PAST SIMPLE/PASADO SIMPLE
La terminacin ed puede pronunciarse de tres formas:
a) id despus de t o d:
to wait/esperar
to need/necesitar

waited
needed

weIted
ni ded

b) t despus de las consonantes sordas ch, sh, f, k, p, s, x:


to ask/preguntar
to watch/observer (watch tv)

asked
watched

a skt
w t t

c) d en todos los dems casos:


to change/cambiar
to explain/explicar

changed
explained

t eInd d
IkspleIned

INTERROGATIVE:
Were they having lunch today?/Ello estaban almorzando hoy?

57

58
VOCABULARIO
COMMON REGULAR VERBS/VERBOS REGULARES COMUNES

Listen and Repeat


COMMON IRREGULAR VERBS/VERBOS IRREGULARES
COMUNES
Begin
bring
choose
drive
feel
do
nd
Keep
have
make

Began
brought
chose
drove
felt
did
found
Kept
had
made

Begun
brought
chosen
driven
felt
done
found
kept
had
made

Say
Smell
Swim
Teach

Said
Smelt
Swam
Taught

Said
Smelt
Swum
Taught

Comenzar/Iniciar
Traer
Elegir/Escoger
Conducir/Manejar
Sentir
Hacer
Encontrar
Mantener
Tener
Producir,
confeccionar, hacer
Decir
Oler
Nadar, Flotar
Ensear

Add
Appear
Advance
Call
Believe
Claim
Clear
Close
Copy
Decide
Destroy
Enjoy
Follow
Happen

Added
Appeared
Advanced
Called
Believed
Claimed
Cleared
Closed
Copied
Decided
Destroyed
Enjoyed
Followed
Happened

Sumar/Sum
Aparecer/Apareci
Avanzar/Avanz/Avanzado
Llamar/Llam
Creer/Crey
Reclamar/Reclam
Aclarar,Limpiar/Limpi
Cerrar/Cerr
Copiar/Copi
Decidir/Decidi
Destruir/Destruy
Disfrutar/Disfrut
Seguir/Sigui
Suceder/Sucedi

59

60
RECUERDE QUE:
Los verbos irregulares no aaden ed sino que cambian
ligera o totalmente en su forma afirmativa del pasado simple.
En su forma Negativa e Interrogativa no, ya que se emplea
el auxiliar to do.
PASADO DE LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES
En la forma Afirmativa, la mayora de lo verbos irregulares
cambian algunas letras entre la forma de infinitivo y la del
pasado, sobre todo las vocales:
To go, went/ to have, had: Ir, tener
En la forma Negativa se emplea to do:
Mat didnt enjoy the party. / Mat no disfrut la fiesta.
En las interrogativas tambin se utiliza to do:
Did you go to school? / Fuistes a la escuela?

El PASADO CONTINUO SE UTILIZA:


Para hablar de una accin en el pasado que todava se
estaba realizando en determinado momento:
She was taking a bath When I arrived home / Ella estaba
bandose cuando llegu a casa
Para situar una escena del pasado:
It was 1998. We were graduating from highschool/ Era el
ao 1998. Nos estbamos graduando del bachillerato.
Para sealar que ha habido un cambio o progreso:
They were improving their pronunciation/Ellos estaban
mejorando su pronunciacin.

61

62
PARA TENER EN CUENTA
Los verbos cuyo infinitivo terminan en e como to live, solo
aadimos d (lived) (Vivi)
Lo que finalizan en consonante+vocal+consonante, como la
palabra plan, duplicamos la ultima letra (planned).
Los que terminan en y precedida por consonante, como to
study, cambian la y por una i y colocamos ed al final (studied).
(Estudi)
El verbo To be, adems de ser irregular, no tiene una nica forma
verbal de pasado simple, como ocurre con el resto de irregulares,
sino dos: was y were (Estuvo(e), Estuvieron)
Las contracciones (dont, didnt) suelen emplearse mas que todo
en el lenguaje hablado. En cambio, en la escrita se utilizan mucho
menos, ya que hacerlo supone elegir un registro bastante
informal.

NOW LETS PRACTICE!

63

64

PRACTICE

b) Write the complete answer as the example/Escribe la respuesta


completa como en el ejemplo:

Exercise 1.
a) Connect the infinitive verb with its past simple / Relaciona el verbo
infinitivo con su pasado simple.

Did you buy a book? (No)


No, I didnt buy a book
1. Did you open the window of my room? (No)
Answer: ________________________

1.Eat

a. Bought

2. Drink

b. Knew

3. Buy

c. Needed

4. Know

d. Opened

5. Need

e. Ate

6. Open

f.Went

7. Go

g. Drank

2. Did you eat Lasagna yesterday? (Yes)


Answer:________________________
3. Did Fernando come by bus? (Yes)
Answer:________________________
4. Did Carolina tell you about the last new?(No)
Answer:________________________
5. Did you go to Argentina last year? (Yes)
Answer: ________________________

65

66
Exercise 2.
c) Use the words in brackets to say what Michael and Linda did
yesterday in Past Continuous. / Utilice las palabras entre parntesis para
decir que hacan Michael y Linda ayer en Pasado Continuo.
1.

Michael (wear, a blue jean)


__________________________________________________

3.

Michael (sit, in the park)


________________________________________________

8.

Linda and Michael (take care, of her sister at 3:00 pm)


________________________________________________

CULTURE & TIPS

Linda (wear, a yellow dress)


__________________________________________________

5.

7.

Michael ( do, the math homework)


__________________________________________________

4.

Linda (sleep, at noon)


________________________________________________

Linda (make, a call at 9:00 am)


__________________________________________________

2.

6.

VER VIDEO

Michael (hold, a pen)

__________________________________________________

TIP

67

68

TASK 3
What did you do yesterday?

Attention!
Write a short paragraph (50
words min.) in English,
describing what you did
yesterday. Use simple past
and past continuous.

Then, record your voice,


reading what you have
written in your composition.
Use http://vocaroo.com/ for
recording your voice.

Escriba
una
pequea
composicin (mnimo 50
palabras)
en
Ingls
describiendo lo que usted
hizo ayer. Use pasado
simple y pasado simple
continuo.

Luego, grabe su voz,


leyendo lo que ha escrito en
su
composicin.
Use
http://vocaroo.com/
para
realizar su grabacin.

Cada uno de los puntos del taller debe realizarlos en el


mismo documento de texto. En el caso de la grabacin
deber copiar y pegar el link que proporciona vocaroo.
Luego, de tener su documento completo, nmbrelo de
la siguiente forma: Su nombre completo_Task 3 y
envelo a su tutor por medio del enlace de envo
actividad en la plataforma.

69

70

Final Considerations
Remember:

You use simple present when you talk


about daily activities.

You use present continous when you talk about


temporary situations.

2
The activities that you must carry out in this learning
guide are:

You use simple past when you narrate a past event.


You use past continuous when you describe a situation
that goes on for some time in the past.

Task 1
Task 2
Task 3
Evaluation

You use Future-Will when you refer to a situation in the


future.

71

72

CRDITOS
Lder de Proyecto:
Jairo Antonio Castro Casas
Expertos temticos:
Javier Gmez Zapata
Andrea Gonzlez Mosquera
Ivon Mirit Molina Barrios
Asesor Pedaggico:
Mnica Patricia Osorio Martnez

Programadores:
Diego Rodrguez Ortegn
Jos Felix Arizala Segura
Mayra Durango
Equipo de Diseo:
Gabriel David Surez Vargas
Guillermo Armando Aponte Celis
Jhonny Ronald Narvez Olarte
Julin Mauricio Milln Bonilla
Leonardo Stiglich Campos

Guionistas:
Beatriz Helena Duque Ospina
scar Daro Cardozo Garzn
scar Ivn Pineda Cespedes

73