36 views

Uploaded by NisaNurpertiwi

fisika zat padat

- Materials Testing and Sample Preparation Services
- Effect of Plasticizer Concentration on Microstructural and Dielectric Properties of Polymer Composite Electrolyte
- 2 a ZH EM I Coulombs Law E Field Intensity
- Polyenes
- Pdc on Rotating
- Dielectric Properties of Solids
- Dielectric Spectroscopy of Biodegradable Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyhexanoate) Films
- INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT.pdf
- Debye Lecture
- 38 Behaviour DC
- digital-intelligent-megohmmeter-md5060x.pdf
- Chap12 Ceramics
- Step 1 Ejercicio Practico 1 MarioDeLosRios
- A 26-GHz Band Dielectric Waveguide Diplexer
- Intrinsic and Extrinsic Size Effects
- Work Experience
- rahmoune_jstars_29
- Week03 Notes
- Emergence of Molecular Chirality by Vibrational Raman Scattering - Farhad Taher Ghahramani, Afshin Shafiee
- parameters affecting the electrical and thermal properties of transformer oils.pdf

You are on page 1of 4

Dielectrics are basically electric insulators which ordinarily do not contain any free charge

carries fao conduction. They, however contain pocitive and negative charges which are bound

together and hence could be affected by the applied electric fields. A brief description of the

properties of dielectric solids in the presence of an external electric field is given in this

chapter. These properties are important to understand the propagation of electromagnetic

waves through the material media and fabricate various devices such as capacitors,

microphones, etc.

POLARITION AND SUSCEPTIBILITY

When a dielectric is placed in an external electric field E0, the positive and negative charges

are displaced from their equilibrium positions by very small distance (less than an atomic

diameter) throughuot the volume of the dielectric. This results in the formation of a large

number of dipoles each having some dipole moment in the direction of the field. The material

is said to be polarized with a polarization P defined as the dipole moment per unit volume of

the material. As shown in 9.1 the effect of polarization is to reduce the magnitude of the

external field E. Thus the magnitude of the resultant field is less than the applied field E<E0.

In vector notation, we may write

E E0 E p

The field Ep is called the polarization feild as it tends to oppose the applied field E0 within

the material. For ordinary electric fields, the polarization P is proportional to the

mascroscopic field E. In SI units, it is expressed as

P 0 e E

Where e is the permittivity of free space an x is the electric susceptibility. Thus, except for a

constant factor, the electric suscepbility is a measure of the polarozation produced in the

material per unit resultant electric field.

9.2 the local field

The electric field acting at the siteof an atom or molecule is, in general, significantly different

from the macroscopic electric field E an is called the local field. This field is responsible for

polarization of each atom or molecule od a solid. For an atomic site with cubic symmetry, the

local field is given by the Lorentz relation,

Eloc E0 Ep

P

P

E

3 0

3 0

Thus, appart from the macroscopic field, the local field also contains a term which represents

the field due polrization of other atoms in the solid. The expression gets midified with shpe of

the specimen.

9.3 dielectric constant and polarizability

The electric displacement vector for an isotropic or cubic medium can be defined as

D 0 r E 0 E P

Where e is called the relative permittivity or dielectric constant of the electrics. It is scalar

quantity for an isotropic medium and is always dimensionless. The can be used to define the

dielectric constant as

0E P

1 e

0E

Thus, like suscepbility, the d ielectric constant is also a measure of the polarization of the

material. Larger the polarazation per unit resultant field, greater will be the dielectric constant

of the dielectric.

The polarizability , a, of an atom is defined as the dipole moment per unit local electric field

at the atom,

p Eloc

Thus polarizability is an atomic property whereas dielectric constant is a macroscopic

property which depends upon the arrangement of atom within the crystal. If all the atoms

have the dam polarizability and there are N number of atoms per unit volume, the

polarization can be expressed as

P Np N Eloc

The general expression for polarization is, however, given by

P N j j Eloc

j

Where the summation is over all the atoms or atomic sites. In case of cubic symmetry, Eqs

and yield

P

P N E

3 0

N l 0

P

0 E 1 N

3 0

Using , we obtain

r 1

N l 0

N

1

3 0

2 N

3 0

r

N

1

3 0

1

Or

r 1 N

r 2 3 0

This is known as the clausius mossot relation. It relates the dielectric constant to the atomic

polarizability provided the condition of cubic symmetry holds. In a more general form, it is

expressed as

r 1

1

N j j

r 2 3 0 j

The net polarizabilty of a dielectric material results mainly from the following three types of

contributions :

i.

ii.

iii.

Electric polarizability

Ionic polarizability

Dipolar or orientational polarizability

The extant to which a particular polarizability contributes depends on the nature of the

dielectric and the frequency of the applied electric field.

- Materials Testing and Sample Preparation ServicesUploaded byEvans Chibwe
- Effect of Plasticizer Concentration on Microstructural and Dielectric Properties of Polymer Composite ElectrolyteUploaded bySEP-Publisher
- 2 a ZH EM I Coulombs Law E Field IntensityUploaded byAhmad Elhaj
- PolyenesUploaded byHarshilGarg
- Pdc on RotatingUploaded bySISWANTO
- Dielectric Properties of SolidsUploaded byMahesh Lohith K.S
- Dielectric Spectroscopy of Biodegradable Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-3-Hydroxyhexanoate) FilmsUploaded byAdamu Onakpa
- INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORT.pdfUploaded byHidayahSan
- Debye LectureUploaded bymelikeberksoz
- 38 Behaviour DCUploaded byrajaramdossdoss
- digital-intelligent-megohmmeter-md5060x.pdfUploaded byJohann Smith Aranda Ramos
- Chap12 CeramicsUploaded byJasanta J. Phillip Lajawai
- Step 1 Ejercicio Practico 1 MarioDeLosRiosUploaded byHarold Favian Diaz Leonis
- A 26-GHz Band Dielectric Waveguide DiplexerUploaded by1b2o3r4o
- Intrinsic and Extrinsic Size EffectsUploaded bydrtanilbabu
- Work ExperienceUploaded bySaim Raza
- rahmoune_jstars_29Uploaded byprabhu
- Week03 NotesUploaded byBob Lobby
- Emergence of Molecular Chirality by Vibrational Raman Scattering - Farhad Taher Ghahramani, Afshin ShafieeUploaded byCambiador de Mundo
- parameters affecting the electrical and thermal properties of transformer oils.pdfUploaded byAdiAzhari
- B.sc. Hons ElectronicsUploaded byPrashant Pandey
- Solution Hw 5 Part if All 12Uploaded byybobbyx
- The scalar electric potential and the Coulomb superposition integralUploaded byratansrikanth
- MIT8 02SC Challenge Prob07Uploaded byZoran Baotic
- Struve Fundamentals of Molecular SpectroscopyUploaded bySameer Sam
- sdasdasdadaUploaded byDiego Fuentes
- 02 Electric FieldsUploaded byPi Poli
- Lecture-8Uploaded bygopal
- Material Science 5Uploaded byJayanth Guntupalli
- Solution MC Hwk (3).pdfUploaded byAnonymous ySmSUluVfL

- 221687365-Science-McqUploaded byBala Murugan
- Hukum Biot Savart.docxUploaded byOky Dua Oktaningtyas
- Rr220402 Electrical TechnologyUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- ME 305 Part 1 Fundamental Fluid and Flow PropertiesUploaded byJackie Henderson
- ReportUploaded byAsyraf Norahairuzan
- ECE 1311 Ch6Uploaded byFatihah Aina
- Pressure Loss CalculationsUploaded byAgus Manggala
- Science Probe 9 Cheat Sheet Ch9-11Uploaded byderp
- 20. Thermodynamics - Basic - Jan 03, 2017Uploaded byAmit Kumar Singh
- Heat Phenomena Solved Examples _ AskIITiansUploaded bythiripura sundari
- G Factor From Drilling Fluids Processing HandbookUploaded bykaim1
- Distance and DisplacementUploaded byvishal_kalra
- dynamic solutionsUploaded byaleksandarv
- Enhancement of Power Quality in Distribution Systems Using DstatcomUploaded byvc_pothu
- Meter Shunts and MultipliersUploaded byMaela Placido
- Nota Ringkas FIZIK ^^Uploaded byNur Aqilah Qila
- The Treatment of Dielectrics in FasterCap WP130527 R01Uploaded bytttctf2
- HT_NotesUploaded byZaenal Arifin
- Staff detailsNEWUploaded bysydominant
- Chapter 5c(Normal Tangen)Uploaded byLogarithem
- Magnetism and ElectromagnetismUploaded byBrian Donaldson
- 5_6179108799522013227.pdfUploaded bymadivala nagaraja
- AP Exp 3 Dumas Method Determination of the Molar Mass of a Volatile LiquidUploaded byHandugan Quinlog Noel
- Lesson 1 -Introduction to PhysicsUploaded byAnonymous UypCttW
- Lab 10Uploaded byAdrian Murgoci
- Catalogo de GeneradoresUploaded byalexis9463
- exp2Uploaded byJay Romar Pabiania
- physics syllabus melitoUploaded byapi-372340789
- FinalUploaded byJayZx Way
- Simplified representation of tower-footing electrodes for assessment of the lightning performance of transmission lines using EMTP-based platforms - VisacroUploaded byignaciosendo