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Aquila Corde Armoniche

Catalogue
2009

Caldogno, Vicenza, Italy / Badenweiler, Germany

... the best came tu us of Almaigne, on this

side the toune of Munic, and from AQUILA in Italie....

Adrian Le Roy ( A briefe and plaine instruction.... London 1574

- AQUILA CATALOGUE INTRODUCTION

ith this catalogue we would like to introduce our complete range of strings and propose some
favourable sales conditions; we would also like to offer you any advice and technical assistance you
may require.

n order to grant maximum clarity and simplicity the catalogue is made up of tables illustrating general
characteristics, field of applications, prices and any further suggestions about each item. On the basis of
our experience and deep know-how in the field of ancient and modern gut processing techniques we believe
that only if we take inspiration from the tradition of the great string-makers of the past it becomes possible to
recover the magic of sound that only gut, of all materials, can offer us.

he discoveries of the past few years, among which the gut loading process that we at AQUILAs first
developed, allowed us to build a bridge into the future by developing natural gut and synthetic strings
with totally innovative acoustic and technological properties: the future of music has always proceeded
through the strings.

Your Distributor:

Matthias Wagner
Klemmbachstr. 11 A
D - 79410 Badenweiler - Schweighof
Phone:
Fax:
e-mail:
Internet:

(+49) 76 32 82 86 95
(+49) 76 32 82 898 68
saitenversand (at) music-strings.de
http://www.music-strings.de ( music string shop )
http://www.lutes-strings.de ( Instrument pages )

On the above given Internet addresses, you can find all these informations and a lot more about other
strings from Savarez, Pyramid, Pirastro and Krschner.

page 2

- HERE IS THE LIST OF THE Aquila PRODUCTS

High and mid range high twist plain gut strings, varnished or oiled.
Mid range double twist gut strings ( V type ), we call them Venice.
Fret-gut.
High and mid range Nylgut strings ( NG type ).
High and mid range nylon strings ( N type ).
Low range Nylgut multifilament wound with copper and silvered copper wire ( D type ).
Low range fully loaded gut strings ( C type ).
Mid range partly loaded gut strings for bowed instruments ( E type ).
Low range gut core strings wound with pure silver or silvered copper wire, according to the
th
th
manufacturing criteria of the 18 and 19 century ( F and A types ).
Mid range open-wound strings (demi-fil) for bowed instruments in pure silver or silvered
copper wire( FD and AD types ).
th
Wound silk-core strings for 18 century-guitars and harps
Sets for classical guitar.
Sets for bowed instruments.
th
Historical rosin for bowed instruments (from a late 18 century-Italian recipe).

- LENGTHS AND DIAMETERS


engths and diameters offered are per price list; however we can provide different sizes upon
request. Sets of strings for instruments of Violin -family come in a choice of three degrees of
tension: light - medium - heavy; those for Viola da Gamba and the Classical Guitar in two: medium
- heavy.
LL OUR PLAIN GUT STRINGS, WHETHER VARNISHED STAINED OR OILED, ARE THE
SAME PRICE.

- GUARANTEES quila shall immediately replace or refund at no extra cost any faulty string (false or broken)
that may have eluded our quality control within one month from delivery, upon return of faulty
items. Please specify whether replacement or refund is required. We can offer no guarantee in
case you are not satisfied with the acoustical characteristics of our standard or custom-made
strings, if they present no material faults.

ote: gut gauges on the tables are considered at the making standard condition of 20 C and
60 % degree of humidity.

- ADVICE AND ASSISTANCE e believe that each musical instrument represents a unique reality and that it is crucial to
produce and choose the ideal stringing for it; this is fundamental in order to achieve the best
performance and ease of play. We are at your complete disposal to help you choose the best
possible stringing for your instrument in full respect to all criteria of historic authenticity.

W
M

ay we here remind of the absolute importance of the correct setting of the system tailpiecebridge- sound post in bowed instruments in relation to the type of stringing chosen.-

o keep calculations simple and make it possible to use any available string-calculator, fully and
partly loaded gut strings, as well as wound Nylgut ones, are referred to by a letter following a
number indicating the equivalent diameter of a plain gut string. E. g. 140 C stands for a fully
loaded gut strings (indicated by the letter C) corresponding to a plain gut string 1.40 mm. in
diameter. The actual diameter of the string is, of course, smaller but under playing conditions it will
have the same working tension as a plain gut string of 140 mm. diameter at equal pitch.

page 3

- HIGH TWIST PLAIN GUT STRINGS INTRODUCTION

he origin of the employment of gut to make musical strings is lost in the mists of time. Along
the centuries manufacturing techniques were gradually refined until they reached the

th
perfection unanimously recognised as the trademark of Italian and French stringmakers in the 17
th
to 19 century.

he scope of our work, supported by constant research and painstaking experimentation, is to


offer natural gut strings produced by modern craftsmen working in the ancient Italian stringmakers manufacturing criteria that for centuries has been passed on from one generation to the
next, sure to offer you the very best of our tradition and aiming to reach the magic of sound that
only gut, of all materials, can achieve.
First choice plain gut strings for general use in high and mid registers.
ll strings more than 0.50 mm. in diameter are exclusively high twist and undergo a specific
processing aiming to ensure maximum elasticity and grant the best acoustical performance,
ease of attack and long playing life, as proven by many acoustics and wear-and-tear tests.

A
S

trings up to 1.75 mm. in diameter are varnished in order to grant a longer playing life; on
request we supply oiled or totally unthreaded strings, too. Strings more than 1.65 mm. thick
are normally oiled.

OT ALL GUT STRINGS ARE ALIKE: THE DIFFERENCE IS MADE BY THE STRICT
RESPECT TO THE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES FOLLOWED FOR CENTURIES BY
THE STRINGMAKING MASTERS.

page 4

High twist gut


Durchm.

AQ 038
AQ 040
AQ 042
AQ 044
AQ 046
AQ 048
AQ 050
AQ 052
AQ 054
AQ 056
AQ 058
AQ 060
AQ 062
AQ 064
AQ 066
AQ 068
AQ 070
AQ 073
AQ 076
AQ 079
AQ 082
AQ 085
AQ 088
AQ 091
AQ 094
AQ 097
AQ 100
AQ 104
AQ 108
AQ 112

120 cm
Brutto

180 cm
Brutto

gelt

gelt

4,76
4,76
4,76
4,76
4,76
5,22
5,22
5,22
6,15
6,15
6,15
6,15
6,15
7,66
7,66
7,66
7,66
7,66
9,05
9,05
9,05
9,05
9,05
11,48
11,48
11,48
11,48
11,48
11,48
14,62

12,30
12,30
15,31
15,31
15,31
15,31
15,31
17,98
17,98
17,98
17,98
17,98
20,07
20,07
20,07
20,07
20,07
20,07
29,58

120 cm
Brutto
half
rectified

5,45
5,45
6,50
6,50
6,50
6,50
6,50
8,12
8,12
8,12
8,12
8,12
9,63
9,63
9,63
9,63
9,63
12,18
12,18
12,18
12,18
12,18
12,18
15,66

180 cm
Brutto
half
rectified

12,99
12,99
16,24
16,24
16,24
16,24
16,24
19,14
19,14
19,14
19,14
19,14
21,23
21,23
21,23
21,23
21,23
21,23
31,32

Durchm.

AQ 116
AQ 120
AQ 124
AQ 128
AQ 132
AQ 136
AQ 140
AQ 145
AQ 150
AQ 155
AQ 160
AQ 165
AQ 170
AQ 180
AQ 190
AQ 200
AQ 210
AQ 220
AQ 230
AQ 240
AQ 250
AQ 260
AQ 280
AQ 300
AQ 320
AQ 340
AQ 400
AQ 420
AQ 440
AQ 480

page 5

120 cm
Brutto

180 cm
Brutto

gelt

gelt

14,62
16,59
16,59
16,59
16,59
16,59
18,91
18,91
18,91
18,91
20,65
20,65
20,65
23,66
26,45
26,45
31,20
31,20
31,20
33,87
33,87
33,87
42,34
42,34
47,10
47,10

29,58
33,18
33,18
33,18
33,18
33,18
37,93
37,93
37,93
37,93
41,53
41,53
41,53
47,56
53,01
53,01
61,60
61,60
61,60
67,63
67,63
67,63
84,68
84,68
88,39
88,39
93,03
97,44
102,08
109,04

120 cm 180 cm
Brutto
Brutto
half
half
rectified rectified
15,66
17,63
17,63
17,63
17,63
17,63
20,07
20,07
20,07
20,07
21,92
22,04
22,04
25,29
28,30
28,30
33,06
33,06
33,06
36,19
36,19
36,19
45,24
45,24
50,34
50,34

31,32
35,26
35,26
35,26
35,26
35,26
40,25
40,25
40,25
40,25
43,96
43,96
43,96
50,92
56,72
56,72
65,89
65,89
65,89
72,38
72,38
72,38
90,60
90,60
94,54
94,54
99,53
104,28
97,56
116,58

- DOUBLE TWIST GUT STRINGS - V TYPE INTRODUCTION


th
th
In the 16 and 17 century is iconographical sources the strings on musical instruments are
depicted as smooth, rather curly and, in the tract coming out of the peg box, they are often
bundled up like they were made of soft cord. This suggests that at time the strings were extremely
pliable, which would obviously affect their acoustical performance. On the contrary, modern gut
strings, because of their stiffness, can only be made up in circular coils, lest they get damaged.
Starting from this important observation and supported by other historical informations we created
our VENICE strings.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
Our V strings possess a remarkable degree of elasticity and pliability, superior to any strings
currently on the market. This means a surprisingly ready attack and good richness in upper
harmonics. Smooth surface. Available in a wide choice of diameters and lengths, our VENICE
strings are particularly suited for the mid registers of Renaissance and Baroque stringing, e.g. as
nd
rd
st
nd
rd
th
2 and 3 Violin, 1 and 2
Viola and Cello; 3 and 4 Viola da Gamba (Tenor and Bass)
st nd
rd
st
nd
and Lute (Renaissance and Baroque tunings), 1 , 2 and 3 Violone; 1 and 2
Double Bass
strings.
TYPE

70
73
76
79
82
85
88
91
94
97
100
104
108
112
116
120
124
128
132

120cm.
Netto

Brutto

TYPE

11,00
11,00
11,00
1,20
13,20
13,20
13,20
13,20
14,30
14,30
14,30
14,30
14,30
15,40
15,40
15,40
17,60
17,60
17,60

13,09
13,09
13,09
1,43
15,71
15,71
15,71
15,71
17,02
17,02
17,02
17,02
17,02
18,33
18,33
18,33
20,94
20,94
20,94

136
140
145
150
155
160
170
180
190
200
220
240
260
280
310
340
400
420
440
460

120cm.
Netto

Brutto

17,60
20,90
20,90
24,10
24,10
24,10
25,90
25,90
27,90
30,80
30,80
36,20
36,20
44,00
48,80
50,30

20,94
24,87
24,87
28,68
28,68
28,68
30,82
30,82
33,20
36,65
36,65
43,08
43,08
52,36
58,07
59,86

LEGACCI - FRETS L = 200 CM


type

Netto

Brutto

type

Netto

Brutto

type

Netto

Brutto

type

Netto

Brutto

55
60
65
70

6,2
6,5
7,6
7,9

7,38
7,74
9,04
9,4

75
80
85
90

8,9
9,2
9,2
11,4

10,59
10,95
10,95
13,57

95
100
105
110

11,4
11,8
11,8
12

13,57
14,04
14,04
14,28

115
120
130
140

14,5
16,3
16,3
19

17,26
19,4
19,4
22,61

page 6

RECTIFIED NYLGUT STRINGS - NG TYPE


The development of a new synthetic material that can imitate the acoustical characteristics
of gut but without the typical defects such as high cost, short string life, and severe
instability to changes of climate, has always been a fundamental goal of our research.
Nylgut represents the fruit of this research and is a perfect synthesis of the acoustical
properties of nylon and of PVF (carbon) strings.
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
Nylgut, distinguishable by its milk-white colour, has the same guts density (gauges are
the same of the gut) and acoustical qualities similar to that material. It should be
considered the first synthetic version of the natural product. Other strong points of Nylgut
are its elevated resistance under tension greater than that of gut- but even more
important is its extraordinary immunity to changes of climate, considerable superior to that
of nylon and gut, thereby guarantying an insuperable stability of tuning under normal
conditions.
Nylgut can be used advantageously for the substitution of nylon and gut strings for plucked
string instruments such as lutes, guitars and harps (modern harps included). For example,
st
th
Nylgut strings are particularly well suited for the 1
through 5 courses of the
renaissance and d minor-baroque lutes.

page 7

36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
73
76
79
82
85
88
91
94
97
100
104
108
112
116
120
124
128
132
136
140
145

Equiv Nylon

Equiv PVF

40
42
44
46
48
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
73
73
76
79
85
88
91
94
97
100
104

30
32
34
36
38
40
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
68
70
73
76
79
79
82
85
88

120 cm
Netto
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3
3,3

page 8

Brutto
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93
3,93

180 cm
Netto
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4
7,4

Brutto
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81
8,81

- RECTIFIED NYLON STRINGS - N TYPE INTRODUCTION


The use of polyamides for the production of music strings dates back to the 1950s and
replaced gradually that of gut especially in the field of plucked instruments, such as the
Guitar and the Lute.
Compared with gut, nylon offers undoubtedly some practical advantages, such as longer
playing life, higher stability in case of climatic changes and relatively cheaper prices.
FIELD OF APPLICATION
Research applied to synthetic materials has singled out the best polyamides to be used on
musical instruments. Our rectified nylon strings are available in a wide variety of diameters
covering high and mid registers and grant what is normally expected of a good string: a
clean sound, promptness to the touch, long playing life, uncompromising rectification
precision, acoustical qualities comparable with those of the best quality gut strings
available today on the market.
- PRICES -

L = 105 cm.
Type

Equiv gut

Equiv PVF
Netto

38N
40N
42N
44N
46N
48N
50N
52N
54N
56N
58N
60N
62N
64N
66N
68N
70N
73N
76N
79N
82N
85N
88N
91N
94N
97N
100N

34
36
38
40
42
44
46
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
70
73
76
76
79
82
85
88
91

30
32
34
36
38
38
40
40
42
44
46
48
50
52
52
54
56
60
62
64
64
68
70
73
76
79

page 9

Brutto
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6
2,6

3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09
3,09

- NYLGUT WOUND STRINGS - D TYPE First quality wound strings with copper and silvered copper wire, manufactured according
to our best experience. The innovative idea was to employ a Nylgut multifilament cores
very stable to the moisture changing- and to partly limit the production of the very high
overtones giving the metallic edge that is generally present in the strings of this type and
never welcome by early music lovers. The copper wire employed on the thinner strings,
the ones more subject to wear-and-tear, is protected by a light superficial coating which
also grants a longer playing life.
Special lengths (160/180 cm): on request only.
type
73 D
76 D
79 D
82 D
85 D
88 D
91 D
94 D
97 D
100 D
104 D
108 D
112 D
116 D
120 D
124 D
128 D
132 D
136 D
140 D
145 D
150 D
155 D
160 D
165 D
170 D
175 D
180 D
185 D
190 D
195 D
200 D
210 D
220 D
230 D
240 D
250 D
260 D

105 cm
Netto
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,20
4,20
4,20
3,50
3,50
3,50
3,00
3,00
3,00
3,00
2,80
2,80
2,80
2,80
2,80
2,80
2,80
2,80
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,20
3,00
3,00
3,00
3,00
3,00
3,00
3,00

Brutto
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,00
5,00
5,00
4,17
4,17
4,17
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,33
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,81
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,57
3,57

120 cm
Netto
5,76
5,76
5,76
5,76
5,04
5,04
5,04
4,20
4,20
4,20
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,36
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,84
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,60
3,60

Brutto
6,85
6,85
6,85
6,85
6,00
6,00
6,00
5,00
5,00
5,00
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,00
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,57
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,28
4,28

140 cm
Netto
6,72
6,72
6,72
6,72
5,88
5,88
5,88
4,90
4,90
4,90
4,20
4,20
4,20
4,20
3,92
3,92
3,92
3,92
3,92
3,92
3,92
3,92
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,20
4,20
4,20
4,20
4,20
4,20
4,20

page 10

Brutto
8,00
8,00
8,00
8,00
7,00
7,00
7,00
5,83
5,83
5,83
5,00
5,00
5,00
5,00
4,66
4,66
4,66
4,66
4,66
4,66
4,66
4,66
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,00
5,00
5,00
5,00
5,00
5,00
5,00

160 cm
Netto
7,68
7,68
7,68
7,68
6,72
6,72
6,72
5,60
5,60
5,60
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
4,48
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
5,12
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80
4,80

Brutto
9,14
9,14
9,14
9,14
8,00
8,00
8,00
6,66
6,66
6,66
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
5,33
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
6,09
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71
5,71

180 cm
Netto
9,60
9,60
9,60
9,60
8,40
8,40
8,40
7,00
7,00
7,00
6,00
6,00
6,00
6,00
5,60
5,60
5,60
5,60
5,60
5,60
5,60
5,60
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,40
6,00
6,00
6,00
6,00
6,00
6,00
6,00

Brutto
11,42
11,42
11,42
11,42
10,00
10,00
10,00
8,33
8,33
8,33
7,14
7,14
7,14
7,14
6,66
6,66
6,66
6,66
6,66
6,66
6,66
6,66
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,62
7,14
7,14
7,14
7,14
7,14
7,14
7,14

- WOUND STRINGS ON NYLGUT - "DE" TYPE TECHNICAL FEATURES


These strings consist of a Nylgut multifilament core (characterized by a remarkable
stability in climatic changes) with copper wires over-varnished.
Diameters: from 1.00 to 2.50 mm, expressed in equivalent solid gut.
FIELD OF APPLICATION
These strings were specifically designed for the deep basses of archlutes, d minor-lutes,
theorbos with shortened extention, but also for the basses of regular Renaissance and
Baroque lutes, if you prefer a more fundamental oriented sound.
The innovative characteristic of our DE strings lies in the fact that they were specifically
conceived to best reproduce the timbric and acoustical qualities of our C type loaded gut
strings, which are strongly fundamental oriented.
Standard Length: 140 cm.
THE EQUIVALENT SOLID GUT
To keep calculations simple and make it possible to use any available string-calculator, C
type loaded gut strings, as well as wound Nylgut ones D and DE types, are referred to by a
letter following a number indicating the equivalent diameter of a plain gut string.
E. g. "140 C" or "140D"stands for strings (indicated by the letter "C" or "D") corresponding
to a plain gut string 1.40 mm. in diameter. The actual diameter of the strings is, of course,
smaller but under playing conditions it will have the same working tension as a plain gut
string of 140 mm. diameter at equal pitch.

page 11

105 cm

140 cm

160 cm

180 cm

Netto

Brutto

Netto

Brutto

Netto

Brutto

Netto

Brutto

NGWDE 100

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 104

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 108

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 112

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 116

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 120

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 124

3,90

4,64

5,20

6,19

6,24

7,43

7,28

8,66

NGWDE 128

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 132

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 136

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 140

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 145

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 150

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 155

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 160

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 165

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 170

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 180

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 190

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 200

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 210

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 220

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 230

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 240

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

NGWDE 250

3,60

4,28

4,80

5,71

5,76

6,85

6,72

8,00

page 12

- LOADED BASS GUT STRINGS - C TYPE INTRODUCTION


th
The appearing of wound strings caused, starting from the end of the 17 century, the
definitive abandoning of the ancient manufacturing techniques of the traditional all-gut
strings. This explains why modern plain gut strings fail to produce an acceptable acoustical
performance in the low registers, thus making it unavoidable to use wound strings for
musical repertoires that actually pre-date their historical appearing; this, in turn, causes an
obvious philological paradox as well as serious tone and balance problems between high
and low registers. A large number of bass string hole diameters recorded from original
th
th
bridges and tail pieces of plucked instruments dating from the late 16 and 17 century
shows that those holes are too small to allow plain gut strings a sufficient working tension
th
at the proper pitch. Musical iconography from the 17 century also shows often bass gut
strings of quite different colours from that typical of plain gut, varying from dark red to
brown only. Treatises of the time confirm, too, that strings possessed a remarkable
duration of sound and acoustical exuberance. All this suggests a revolutionary hypothesis:
the loading of gut, a technological strategy that we believe employed by the ancient stringmakers in order to render the strings to be used in the low registers more sonorous.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Varnished natural gut strings characterised by a high, standardised specific weight,
achieved by a loading process with a special mineral compound. Diameters smaller than
185 C are manufactured with a gradual loading decrease, in order to keep the otherwise
excessive brightness of sound of the thinner strings under control and at the same time to
obtain a higher tensile resistance and a longer playing life. Reddish brown colour, smooth
and varnished surface.
ACOUSTICAL PROPERTIES AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
Strong and warm tone, without the excessive brightness typical of wound strings, perfectly
coherent with the tone and dynamics character of plain, or even nylon, high strings.
Excellent in staying in tune, better than any plain Gut, Nylon and wound strings available
today. Indispensable for Renaissance and Baroque stringing, in the strictest respect to
authenticity. Care should be taken not to twist them in the sense of rotation opposite to the
one they already have.
- GUT LOADING IS THE ORIGINAL AND EXCLUSIVE RESULT OF AQUILAS OWN
RESEARCH - THE PRODUCT IS COMPLETELY NON-TOXIC The loaded and partly loaded strings are actually out of production
some singsle strings I do hev actually in my stock

page 13

Art.Nr.
AQC 112
AQC 120
AQC 124
AQC 132
AQC 140
AQC 150
AQC 160
AQC 170
AQC 180
AQC 190
AQC 200
AQC 210

Preis in

Preis in

27,48
27,48
31,4
31,4
37,23
42,94
42,94
43,77
43,77
46,39
51,27
51,27

AQC 220
AQC 240
AQC 250
AQC 270
AQC 280
AQC 300
AQC 320
AQC 340
AQC 380
AQC 400
AQC 400

51,27
80,89
80,89
85,64
85,64
88,02
80,89
80,89
85,64
85,64
88,02

- MORE ABOUT AQUILA WOUND STRINGS ...to learn more: check at the FAQ on the Aquila Internet page
- WOUND GUT STRINGS - " F " AND " A " TYPES.
- OPEN-WOUND STRINGS (demi fil) - " FD ", " AD " TYPES.
- SILK CORE WOUND STRINGS (19th C. Harps and Guitars).
INTRODUCTION
The earliest mentions known to us of wound strings dates back to 1659 (Hartlib Papers
Project; Ephemerides: "Goretsky hath an invention of lute strings covered with silver wyer,
or strings which make a most admirable musick. Mr Boyle. [...] String of guts done about
with silver wyer makes a very sweet musick, being of Goretskys invention) and 1664
(John Playford: "An Introduction to the Skill of Musik...").
However, their use did not spread out very quickly for some decades: in fact the earliest
iconographical evidence showing musical instruments strung with wound strings (Violin
and Cello) date back to 1680.
In Italy, a country renowned for its string production, the earliest evidence is from the year
1677.
According to Rousseau (Trait de la Viole, 1685) it was the Viola da Gamba player Sainte
Colombe who first introduced them into France around 1675, but the most important
English Lute and Viola da Gamba tutor, Thomas Mace's "Musick's Monument", in 1676
does not mention them at all. According to James Talbot's MS. (ca.1700) Lute, Violin and
Bass-Violin bass strings are still the usual gut ones, namely Lyons, Catlines or the "deep
dark red" Pistoys. Only in the early decades of the 18th century wound strings -both close
or open wound (called, in 18th c. France, demi-file)- got the upper hand of traditional gut
strings, revolutionizing music making to our day.

- SILK WOUND STRINGS .


TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
We conceived our "F" (close wound), "FD" (open wound) in pure silver; "A" (close wound),
"AD" (open wound) in silvered copper wire type-strings with the aim of recovering the
typical materials and proportions of the wound strings in use in the 18th and 19th century
page 14

(round wires, no silk between the metal wire and the gut-core): rather different from
modern strings, as supported by historical sources and by measurements taken from
original string fragments in museums.
This is our best answer to the needs of people who are seriously interested in the faithful
reproduction of the musical repertories of the past.
Hereby we would also like to remind you to use our "C" type loaded gut strings when
performing late 16th and hearly 17th century music; our "FD" and "AD" types on French
18th Century-repertoires (3rd D Violine; 4th Bass Viola da Gamba C); in the strictest
respect to historical authenticity.

page 15

-LUTES- Owing to the large variety of instruments within the lute family, we do not find it possible
to suggest any standard stringing. Please let us have the following information:

Type of instrument and vibrating string length.


Top string pitch (note and pitch frequency).
String tension.
Unison or octave disposition of courses.
Type of string (plain or loaded Gut, Nylgut, wound, nylon, etc.).

- Lacking detailed information we will follow our own experience - For all-gut stringing on Renaissance six to ten course and Baroque eleven to thirteen
course d minor lutes we suggest the following general scheme:
st
1 course: plain gut, low twist. Nylgut strings (NG type).
nd
rd
2 and 3 course and all octaves: plain gut, high twist. Nylgut strings (NG type).
th
4 course: Venice, double twist. Nylgut strings (NG type).
th
th
th
5 to 10 course (or 13 ): loaded gut (C type). Nylgut wound strings (D type).
- For the six course-Lute / Vihuela, in respect to authenticity, we recommend the use of
th th
th
Venice strings for the 4 , 5 and 6 courses.

Theorbo / Chitarrone:

FRETTED COURSES.
st
rd
1 and 3 : plain gut, high twist. Nylgut strings (NG type).
nd
th
2 and 4 : Venice, double twist. Nylgut (NG type).
th
th
th
5 and 6 (and 7 , if you have one): loaded gut (C type). Nylgut wound strings
(D type).

EXTENDED BASS COURSES,


TH
th
7
to 12 : plain gut, high twist. Nylgut strings (NG type).
th
th
13 and 14 : loaded gut, (C type). Nylgut strings (NG type).

th
Upon request we supply complete string sets for Baroque, Romantic (19 century)
Guitars, Hurdy-Gurdy and medieval instruments (Harp, Fiddle, Rebec etc.).

page 16

- SETS FOR BOWED INSTRUMENTS (calculated for a-415 Hz.)

- VIOLIN BAROQUE VIOLIN (stringing type before 1690 ca.) - Gut string length: 120 cm.
These sets were conceived bearing in mind the current string diameters strandards and equal feeling profil
EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

2x

62

64

66

high twist gut

see price list

2x

88

91

94

Venice "V" type

see price list

2x

91 V

94 V

97 V

high twist gut

see price list

2x

124

128

132

Venice "V" type

see price list

2x

128 V

132 V

136 V

loaded gut "C" type

see price list

2x

124 C

132 C

140 C

Venice "V" type

see price list

(2X)

170 V

180 V

190 V

loaded gut "C" type

see price list

2x

170 C

180 C

190 C

BAROQUE VIOLIN (stringing type after 1690 ca.) - Gut string length: 120 cm.
These sets were conceived bearing in mind the current string diameters strandards and scaling tension
profile
EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

2x

62

64

66

high twist gut

see price list

2x

79

82

85

Venice "V" type

see price list

2x

82 V

85 V

88 V

high twist gut

see price list

2x

104

108

112

Venice "V" type

see price list

2x

108 V

112 V

116 V

open wound "AD" type

16.00

108 equiv gut


AQVIB DAD/L

112 equiv gut


AQVIB DAD/M

116 equiv gut


AQVIB DAD/H

open wound "FD" type

22.00

108 equiv gut


AQVIB DFD/L

112 equiv gut


AQVIB DFD/M

112 equiv gut


AQVIB DFD/H

silvered copper wound "A" 16.00


type

155 equiv gut


AQVIB GA/L

160 equiv gut


AQVIB GA/M

165 equiv gut


AQVIB GA/H

silver wound "F" type

155 equiv gut


AQVIB GF/L

160 equiv gut


AQVIB GF/M

165 equiv gut


AQVIB GF/H

22.00

Violin historical string sets (gauges developed according to historical sources)


The diameters suggested here were the rule for violin strings from the mid-18th to the end of the 19th
century, as indicated by the substatial documentation of the time.
Especially the medium tension diameters correspond to those of the strings that belonged to Paganini, (ca.
1840) which we measured in April 2000 and other sources.
We strongly suggest here the use of the half rectified gut strings: the surface of these strings is only partly
rectified, imitating the manual polishing techique of the time. With this method the amount of fibers damaged
by the abrasive action is noticeably reduced as compared with strings rectified with modern procedures. The
advantages are: better stability against climatic changes, longer playing life and better acoustic performance.
The 4th string is made according to F. Galeazzi (Rome 1792) and Louis Spohr (1832).

page 17

TYPE

EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list


2X

66

70

73

high twist gut

see price list


2X

85

88

91

high twist gut

see price list


2X

112

116

124

silvered copper wound


"A" type

16,00

170 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/L

175 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/M

180 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/M

pure silver wound "F" type 22,00

170 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/L

175 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/M

180 equiv gut


AQVIH GA/M

- VIOLE BAROQUE VIOLA -- Gut string length: 120 cm.


These sets were conceived bearing in mind the current string diameters strandards
EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

2x

79

82

85

high twist gut

see price list

2x

104

108

112

silvered copper wound 16.00


"A" type

160 equiv gut


AQVAB GA/L

165 equiv gut


AQVAB GA/M

170 equiv gut


AQVAB GA/H

silver wound "F" type

23.00

160 equiv gut


AQVAB GF/L

165 equiv gut


AQVAB GF/M

170 equiv gut


AQVAB GF/H

silvered copper wound 20.00


"A" type

220 equiv gut


AQVAB CA/L

230 equiv gut


AQVAB CA/M

240 equiv gut


AQVAB CA/H

silver wound "F" type

220 equiv gut


AQVAB CF/L

230 equiv gut


AQVAB CF/M

240 equiv gut


AQVAB CF/H

28.00

Viola historical string sets (gauges developed according to historical sources) Suggested diameters represent a mean value as inferred from historic sources from the 18th and 19th
centuries. From those sources it is possible to ascertain that the viol was strung with the same strings as the
violin, minus the E treble and plus an overspun bottom C.
We strongly suggest here the use of the half rectified gut strings: the surface of these strings is only partly
rectified, imitating the manual polishing techique of the time. With this method the amount of fibers damaged
by the abrasive action is noticeably reduced as compared with strings rectified with modern procedures. The
advantages are: better stability against climatic changes, longer playing life and better acoustic performance.
The 3rd and 4th strings are made according to F. Galeazzi (Rome 1792).
TIPO

EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list


2x

85

88

91

high twist gut

see price list


2x

112

116

124

silvered copper 16,00


wound "A" type

170 equiv gut


AQVAH GA/L

175 equiv gut


AQVAH GA/M

180 equiv gut


AQVAH GA/H

silver wound "F" 23,00


type

170 equiv gut


AQVAH GF/L

175 equiv gut


AQVAH GF/M

180 equiv gut


AQVAH GF/H

silvered copper 20,00


wound "A" type

260 equiv gut


AQVAH CA/L

270 equiv gut


AQVAH CA/M

275 equiv gut


AQVAH CA/H

silver wound "F" 28,00


type

260 equiv gut


AQVAH CF/L

270 equiv gut


AQVAH CF/M

275 equiv gut


AQVAH CF/H

page 18

- CELLO (v.l. = 68 cm) // Gut string length: 120 cm. Length of wound 3rd and 4th: l = 120 cm
net / Brut

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

112

116

120

Venice V type

see price list

112 V

116 V

120 V

high twist gut

see price list

150

155

160

Venice V type

see price list

150 V

155 V

160 V

silvered copper wound A type

28,-- / 33,32

AQCE GA/L

AQCE GA/M

AQCE GA/H

silver wound F type

36,-- / 42,84

AQCE GF/L

AQCE GF/M

AQCE GF/H

silvered copper wound A type

33,-- / 39,27

AQCE CA/L

AQCE CA/M

AQCE CA/H

silver wound F type

42,-- / 49,98

AQCE CF/L

AQCE CF/M

AQCE CF/H

BAROQUE CELLO -- Gut string length: 120 cm.


These sets were conceived bearing in mind the current string diameters strandards
EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

112

116

120

high twist gut

see price list

150

155

160

high twist gut *

see price list

200

210

220

silvered copper wound "A" 28.00


type

240 equiv gut


AQCEB GA/L

250 equiv gut


AQCEB GA/M

260 equiv gut


AQCEB GA/H

silver wound "F" type

36.00

240 equiv gut


AQCEB GF/L

250 equiv gut


AQCEB GF/M

260 equiv gut


AQCEB GF/H

silvered copper wound "A" 33.00


type

360 equiv gut


AQCEB CA/L

380 equiv gut


AQCEB CA/M

390 equiv gut


AQCEB CA/H

silver wound "F" type

360 equiv gut


AQCEB CF/L

380 equiv gut


AQCEB CF/M

390 equiv gut


AQCEB CF/H

42.00

for repertoires before 1720 ca. Only

Cello historical string sets (gauges developed according to historical sources) Suggested diameters represent a mean value as inferred from historic sources from the 17th and 18th
centuries.
We strongly suggest here the use of the half rectified gut strings: the surface of these strings is only partly
rectified, imitating the manual polishing techique of the time.
With this method the amount of fibers damaged by the abrasive action is noticeably reduced as compared
with strings rectified with modern procedures. The advantages are: better stability against climatic changes,
longer playing life and better acoustic performance.
The overspun 3rd and 4th strings are made according to common17th and 18th centuries string making
criteria.

page 19

TYPE

EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

120

124

132

high twist gut

see price list

165

170

180

silvered copper wound "A" 26,00


type

245 equiv gut


AQCEH GF/l

255 equiv gut


AQCEH GF/H

275 equiv gut


AQCEH GF/H

silver wound "F" type

36,00

245 equiv gut


AQCEH GA/L

255 equiv gut


AQCEH GA/M

275 equiv gut


AQCEH GA/H

silvered copper wound "A" 33,00


type

365 equiv gut


AQCEH CA/L

375 equiv gut


AQCEH CA/M

410 equiv gut


AQCEH CA/H

silver wound "F" type

365 equiv gut


AQCEH CF/L

375 equiv gut


AQCEH CF/M

410 equiv gut


AQCEH CF/H

46,00

VIOLONCELLO DA SPALLA -

Gut string length: 120 cm.

EUR

medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

100

104

high twist gut

see price list

128

136

Double silver wound "F" type

25,00

190 equiv gut


AQCES DF/M

205 equiv gut


AQCES DF/H

Double silver wound "F" type

32,00

280 equiv gut


AQCES GF/M

305 equiv gut


AQCES GF/H

Double silver wound "F" type

35,00

430 equiv gut


AQCES CF/M

455 equiv gut


AQCES CF/H

- VIOLA D'AMORE Gut string length: 120 cm.


EUR

Medium

Heavy

d''

high twist gut

see price list

60

64

a'

high twist gut

see price list

76

79

f#'

high twist gut

see price list

91

97

high twist gut

see price list

108

120

silvered copper wound "A" type

16.00

145 equiv gut


AQDAM A-A/M

150 equiv gut


AQDAM A-A/H

silver wound "F" type

23.00

145 equiv gut


AQDAM AF/M

150 equiv gut


AQDAM AF/H

silvered copper wound "A" type

20.00

210 equiv gut


AQDAM DA/M

220 equiv gut


AQDAM DA/H

silver wound "F" type

28.00

210 equiv gut


AQDAM DF/M

220 equiv gut


AQDAM DF/H

silvered copper wound "A" type

28.00

280 equiv gut


AQDAM AA/M

295 equiv gut


AQDAM AA/H

silver wound "F" type

32.00

280 equiv gut


AQDAM AAF/M

295 equiv gut


AQDAM AAF/H

page 20

- DOUBLE BASS (v.l. = 105 cm) -- Gut string length: 200 cm.
EUR

Light

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

220

230

240

high twist gut

see price list

300

310

320

Venice "V" type

see price list

300 V

320 V

340 V

AA

high twist gut

see price list

400

420

440

AA

Venice "V" type

see price list

400 V

440 V

460 V

AA

silvered copper
wound "A" type

73.00

400 equiv gut

420 equiv gut

460 equiv gut

AQDB AA/L

AQDB AA/M

AQDB AA/H

silver wound "F" 92.00


type

400 equiv gut

420 equiv gut

460 equiv gut

AQDB AF/L

AQDB AF/M

AQDB AF/H

silvered copper
wound "A" type

540 equiv gut

580 equiv gut

620 equiv gut

AQDB EA/L

AQDB EA/M

AQDB EA/H

silver wound "F" 118.00


type

540 equiv gut

580 equiv gut

620 equiv gut

AQDB EF/L

AQDB EF/M

AQDB EF/H

CC: on request
only.

silvered copper
wound "A" type

680 equiv gut

730 equiv gut

780 equiv gut

AQDB CA/L

AQDB CA/M

AQDB CA/H

CC: on request
only.

silver wound "F" 140.00


type

680 equiv gut

730 equiv gut

780 equiv gut

AQDB CF/L

AQDB CF/M

AQDB CF/H

DD: on request
only.

silvered copper
wound "A" type

680 equiv gut

730 equiv gut

780 equiv gut

AQDB DA/L

AQDB DA/M

AQDB DA/H

DD: on request
only.

silver wound "F" 140.00


type

680 equiv gut

730 equiv gut

780 equiv gut

AQDB DF/L

AQDB DF/M

AQDB DF/H

AA
EE
EE

100.00

130.00

130.00

- DOUBLEBASS Viennese tuning -

Gut string length: 180 cm.


EUR

Light

Medium

high twist gut

see price list

200

210

high twist gut

see price list

260

280

Venice "V" type

see price list

280 V

320 V

silvered copper wound "A" type

68.00

345 equiv gut


AQDBV HA/L

370 equiv gut


AQDBV HA/M

silver wound "F" type

86.00

345 equiv gut


AQDBV HF/L

370 equiv gut


AQDBV HA/M

FF#

silvered copper wound "A" type

93.00

460 equiv gut


AQDBV FA/L

495 equiv gut


AQDBV FA/M

FF#

silver wound "F" type

100.00

460 equiv gut


AQDBV FF/L

495 equiv gut


AQDBV FF/M

page 21

- PARDESSUS v.l. = 32 cm) // Gut string length: 120 cm. -- Length of wound strings l = 70 cm
net / Brut

Medium

Heavy

low twist gut

see price list

2X

42

44

high twist gut

see price list

2X

54

56

high twist gut

see price list

2X

70

73

high twist gut

see price list

2X

85

88

Venice V type

see price list

2X

116

120

open wound AD type

16,-- / 19,04

120 equiv gut


AQPA CA/M

128 equiv gut


AQPA CA/H

open wound FD type

22,-- / 26,18

120 equiv gut


AQPA CF/M

128 equiv gut


AQPA CF/H

silvered copper wound A type

16,-- / 19,04

160 equiv gut


AQPA GA/M

165 equiv gut


AQPA GA/H

silver wound F type

22,-- / 26,18

160 equiv gut


AQPA GF/M

165 equiv gut


AQPA GF/H

- TREBLE (v.l. = 36 cm) // Gut string length: 120 cm. -- Length of wound strings l = 70 cm.
net / Brut

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

56

60

high twist gut

see price list

73

76

high twist gut

see price list

94

100

Venice V type

see price list

100V

104V

high twist gut

see price list

116

124

Venice V type

see price list

120V

128V

loaded C type

see price list

120C

132C

loaded C type

see price list

160C

170C

silvered copper wound A type

16,-- / 19,04

150 equiv gut


AQDI GA/M

160 equiv gut


AQDI GA/H

silver wound F type

22,-- / 26,18

150 equiv gut


AQDI GF/M

160 equiv gut


AQDI GF/H

silvered copper wound A type

16,-- / 19,04

210 equiv gut


AQDI DA/M

220 equiv gut


AQDI DA/H

loaded C type

see price list

210C

220C

silver wound F type

22,-- / 26,18

210 equiv gut


AQDI DF/M

220 equiv gut


AQDI DF/H

page 22

- TENOR (v.l. = 55 cm) // Gut string length: 120 cm.


net / Brut

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

60

64

high twist gut

see price list

76

82

high twist gut

see price list

100

108

Venice V type

see price list

104V

112V

high twist gut

see price list

128

136

Venice V type

see price list

132V

140V

Venice V type

see price list

180V

190V

Venice C type, loaded

see price list

180C

190C

silvered copper wound A type

28,-- / 33,32

170 equiv gut


AQTG CA/M

180 equiv gut


AQTG CA/H

silver wound F type

33,-- / 39,27

170 equiv gut


AQTG CF/M

180 equiv gut


AQTG CF/H

Venice V type

see price list

260 V

280 V

Venice C type, loaded

see price list

270C

280C

silvered copper wound A type

29,-- / 34,51

240 equiv gut


AQTG GA/M

260 equiv gut


AQTG GA/H

silver wound F type

33,-- / 39,27

240 equiv gut


AQTG GF/M

260 equiv gut


AQTG GF/H

page 23

- VIOLONE (v.l. = 90 cm) // Gut string length: 180 cm.


net / Brut

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

140

145

high twist gut

see price list

170

180

Venice V type

see price list

180V

190V

high twist gut

see price list

230

240

Venice V type

see price list

240V

260V

silvered copper wound A type

60,-- / 71,40

300 equiv gut


AQVO CA/M

320 equiv gut


AQVO CA/H

silver wound F type

70,-- / 83,30

300 equiv gut


AQVO CF/M

320 equiv gut


AQVO CF/H

silvered copper wound A type

67,-- / 79,73

420 equiv gut


AQVO GA/M

440 equiv gut


AQVO GA/H

silver wound F type

88,-- / 104,72

420 equiv gut


AQVO GF/M

440 equiv gut


AQVO GF/H

silvered copper wound A type

100,-- / 119,--

540 equiv gut


AQVO DA/M

580 equiv gut


AQVO DA/H

silver wound F type

115,-- / 136,85

540 equiv gut


AQVO DF/M

580 equiv gut


AQVO DF/H

- VIOLONE in G Gut string length: 180 cm.

(v.l. = 85 cm)
EUR

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

104

108

high twist gut

see price list

132

140

Venice "V" type

see price list

136 V

145 V

high twist gut

see price list

170

190

Venice "V" type

see price list

180 V

200 V

high twist gut

see price list

220

240

Venice "V" type

see price list

240 V

260 V

silvered copper wound "A" type

60.00

320 equiv gut


AQVOG CA/M

330 equiv gut


AQVOG CA/H

silver wound "F" type

70.00

320 equiv gut


AQVOG CF/M

330 equiv gut


AQVOG CF/H

GG

silvered copper wound "A" type

67.00

420 equiv gut


AQVOG GA/M

430 equiv gut


AQVOG GA/H

GG

silver wound "F" type

88.00

420 equiv gut


AQVOG GF/M

430 equiv gu
AQVOG GF/H

page 24

- BAROQUE AND RENAISSANCE BASS VIOL - RENAISSANCE BASS VIOL -

Gut string length: 120 cm.


EUR

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

73

76

high twist gut

see price list

91

94

high twist gut

see price list

120

124

Venice "V" type

see price list

124 V

128 V

high twist gut

see price list

150

155

Venice "V" type

see price list

155 V

160 V

loaded gut "C" type

see price list

220 C

240 C

Venice "V" type

see price list

220 V

240 V

silvered copper wound "A" type

28.00

210 equiv gut


AQBGR GA/M

220 equiv gut


AQBGR GA/H

silver wound "F" type

33.00

210 equiv gut


AQBGR GF/M

220 equiv gut


AQBGR GF/H

loaded gut "C" type

see price list

280 C

300 C

Venice "V" type

see price list

280 V

300 V

silvered copper wound "A" type

28.00

270 equiv gut


AQBGR DA/M

280 equiv gut


AQBGR DA/H

silver wound "F" type

37.00

270 equiv gut


AQBGR DF/M

280 equiv gut


AQBGR DF/H

BAROQUE BASS VIOL (6 or 7 strings -

Gut string length: 120 cm.

EUR

Medium

Heavy

high twist gut

see price list

73

76

high twist gut

see price list

91

94

high twist gut

see price list

120

124

high twist gut

see price list

150

155

open wound "AD" type

28.00

160 equiv gut


AQBG CA/M

165 equiv gut


AQBG CA/H

open wound "FD" type

33.00

160 equiv gut


AQBG CF/M

165 equiv gut


AQBG CF/H

silvered copper wound "A" type

28.00

200 equiv gut


AQBG GA/M

210 equiv gut


AQBG GA/H

silver wound "F" type

33.00

200 equiv gut


AQBG GF/M

210 equiv gut


AQBG GF/H

silvered copper wound "A" type

30.00

270 equiv gut


AQBG DA/M

280 equiv gut


AQBG DA/H

silver wound "F" type

37.00

270 equiv gut


AQBG DF/M

280 equiv gut


AQBG DF/H

AA

silvered copper wound "A" type

31.00

360 equiv gut


AQBG AA/M

370 equiv gut


AQBG AA/H

AA

silver wound "F" type

40.00

360 equiv gut


AQBG AF/M

370 equiv gu
AQBG AF/H

page 25

- CLASSICAL GUITAR SETS INTRODUCTION


th
Until the mid-20 century the top three strings of the guitar were mounted exclusively in
gut, a material that had been used for thousand of years and that combines excellent
promptness of attack with brilliance of timbre very different, in other words, from modern
nylon strings. And until recently the typical sound quality of gut has been a constant point
of reference for lute-makers, composers and performers alike. A fundamental aim of our
research has therefore been to make a new synthetic product having the same acoustic
properties as gut but without its typical defects (high cost, limited duration and high
instability under varying climatic). Nylgut has precisely these qualities: allowing one, on the
th
th
one hand, to rediscover the sonorities familiar to the great 19 and 20 century masters;
and guaranteeing, on the other, a stability of tuning higher even than that of the best gut
and nylon strings.
Please notice !
Just like gut, Nylgut is liable to suffer from cutting edges. Before stringing the instrument
do make sure the nut and bridge are free from sharp edges and the nut grooves not too
deep and perfectly smooth. You can get rid of sharp edges with very fine grit sandpaper
(600, for example) or the finest steelwool (000).
-The best sound quality develops when the strings have completely set, which may
ordinarily take sometime. To achieve a stable intonation in just a few minutes you can
repeatedly pinch each string at midlength with your fingers, pull it decidedly sideways and
tune it up again. Stop when the string does not pull out of tune anymore.
Note

Perla

Perla

Alabastro

Alabastro

Alchemia

Alchemia

Ambra/Gut&S
ilk

sup

norm

norm

sup

sup

norm

mi

8,3 KG

7,8 Kg

8,0 Kg

8,6 Kg

8,6 Kg

8,0 Kg

8,6 Kg

si

6,2 Kg

5,9 Kg

6,8 Kg

7,2 Kg

7,2 Kg

6,8 Kg

7,6 Kg

sol

5,9 Kg

5,6 Kg

6.0 Kg

6,4 Kg

6,4 Kg

6.0 Kg

6,7 Kg

RE

7,8 Kg

7,4 Kg

7,4 Kg

7,8 Kg

7,8 Kg

7,4 Kg

6,0 Kg

LA

7,7 Kg

8,5 Kg

7,7 Kg

8,1 Kg

8,1 Kg

7,7 Kg

7,7 Kg

MI

7,2 Kg

6,6 Kg

6,9 Kg

7,5 Kg

7,5 Kg

6,9 Kg

7,5 Kg

ALCHEMIA
Set with two degrees of tension. The first three strings use monofilaments of rounded, polished Nylgut synthetic gut. Its features include promptness of attack, acoustic projection,
excellent timbre and a truly remarkable stability of intonation, not to mention an admirable
evenness of tone with the wound basses. The basses have a multifilament core in a material of new conception (Nylgut multifilament), specially wound with pure silver, that
boasts high resistance to tensile stress and stability under varying climatic conditions. Using pure silver ensures the highest possible response in terms of timbre and volume, lower
interference from finger noise and durability above the norm. The wound strings have also
been designed according to the principle again absolutely new of progressively increasing the dynamic performance of the bass register to compensate for the human ears
natural tendency to perceive lower frequencies less audibly.
page 26

alchemia single strings


(normal and superior tension)
alchemia set (normal and superior tension)

24.80

2.60

alchemia basses (normal and superior tension):

18.00

2.70

alchemia trebles (normal and superior tension):

7.70

3.10

5.80

6.10

6.30

PERLA
Traditional set with two degrees of tension presenting high overall levels of performance.
The first three strings are made of perfectly rounded, smooth, gauged nylon monofilament
that also boasts excellent acoustic and mechanical properties. The basses, wound with
silver-plated copper, consist of a core of Nylgut multifilament that ensures not only a high
resistance to tensile stress but also a low absorption of both atmospheric humidity and
sweat. This makes for rapid and stable intonation, as well as greater durability. Suitable for
the highest quality guitars.
- Perla single strings
(normal and superior tension):
Perla set (normal and superior tension)

11.90

1.40

Perla basses (normal and superior tension)

8.30

1.40

Perla trebles (normal and superior tension)

4.10

1.60

2.90

3.00

3.10

ALABASTRO
Set with two degrees of tension. The first three strings use monofilaments of rounded,
polished Nylgut "synthetic gut". Its features include promptness of attack, acoustic
projection, excellent timbre and a truly remarkable stability of intonation, not to mention an
admirable evenness of tone with the overspun basses.
The basses, overspun with silver-plated copper, consist of a core of Nylgut multifilament
that ensures not only a high resistance to tensile stress but also a low absorption of both
atmospheric humidity and sweat. This makes for rapid and stable intonation, as well as
greater durability.
sets

- alabastro single strings (normal and superior


tension):

alabastro set (normal and superior tension)

12.50

1.80

alabastro basses (normal and superior tension)

8.50

1.90

alabastro trebles (normal and superior tension)

5.50

2.20

3.00

3.20

3.30

page 27

- 19th CENTURY GUITAR SETS All Aquila strings are entirely hand-made

GUT & SILK SET (1880-1946 performances) Up to the middle of the 20th century, the only available strings for guitar were plain gut for
the trebles and wound on silk core for the basses.
Their acoustical performance was quite different from that of modern stringings. The
salient characteristics were a marked timbric presence, response and brightness typical of
the thinner gut strings (certainly superior to plain nylon and in some respects closer to
PVDF or carbon) while the basses, on the other hand, possessed an exquisitely vocal
quality, i.e. not so bright as, and with less sustain than, modern wound on nylon strings
and more fundamental heavy.
The Treble tension- profile is not true scaling (like in use in all of the modern guitar's sets):
it is just ligthly scaling, like the standard of that time.
This set which is made with only one degree, of tension, riproposes excatly a historical
assembling, tipycal of the period of Llobet and Trrega by using oily gut for trebles and
wound basses, silver-copper covered on silk, as it was said by Pujol in the "Escuela
Razonada de la Guitarra" of 1934.
Please notice !
Gut is liable to suffer from cutting edges. Before stringing the instrument do make sure the
nut and bridge are free from sharp edges and the nut grooves not too deep and perfectly
smooth.
You can get rid of sharp edges with very fine grit sandpaper (600, for example) or the
finest steelwool (000).
-The best sound quality develops when the strings have completely set, which may
ordinarily take sometime. To achieve a stable intonation in just a few minutes you can
repeatedly pinch each string at midlength with your fingers, pull it decidedly sideways and
tune it up again. Stop when the string does not pull out of tune anymore.
single strings:

sets
romantic guitar gut& silk set

35.00

5.70

silk-basses

17.00

6.80

gut -trebles

20.00

8.60

5.50

6.00

6.60

AMBRA - Romantic guitar Nylgut set


(The syntetic version of the 'Gut & Silk' set)Up to the middle of the 20th century, the only available strings for guitar were plain gut for
the trebles and wound on silk core for the basses: their acoustical performance was quite
different from that of modern stringings.
The salient characteristics were: a marked timbric presence, response and brightness
typical of the gut strings (certainly superior to plain nylon and in some respects closer to
page 28

PVDF or carbon) while the basses, on the other hand, possessed an exquisitely vocal
quality, i.e. not so bright as, and with less sustain than, modern wound on nylon strings
and more fundamental heavy.
Our Ambra set was developed keeping in mind this historical fact, in order to best recreate, by means of modern synthetic materials, the sound of Llobet and Trrega. This set
was conceived for one grade of tension and cosists of Nylgut - true synthetic gut, we are
tempted to say - for the trebles, adopting the representative mean diameters as indicated
by Pujol in his "Escuela Razonada de la Guitarra" from 1934 (less scaling tension than the
modern gyuitar trebles), while for the basses (silvered copper wires wound on Nylgut
multifilament core) we tried to find the right balance between wire and core, which would
recreate exactly the typical sound of the wound silk strings of the time.
- ambra single strings:
ambra set

13.50

1.90

ambra basses

9.00

1.90

ambra trebles

5.50

2.20

3.10

3.30

3.40

page 29

- UKULELE STRINGS INTRODUCTION


Until the mid-20th century Ukuleles were mounted exclusively in gut, a material that had
been used for thousand of years and that combines excellent promptness of attack with
brilliance of timbre - very different, in other words, from modern nylon strings. And until
recently the typical sound quality of gut has been a constant point of reference for luthiers,
composers and performers alike.
A fundamental aim of our research has therefore been to make a new synthetic product
having the same acoustic properties as gut - but without its typical defects - (high cost,
limited duration and high instability under varying climatic). Nylgut has precisely these
qualities: allowing one, on the one hand, to rediscover the sonorities familiar to the great
19th and 20th century Uke masters; and guaranteeing, on the other, a stability of tuning
higher even than that of the best gut and nylon strings.
Please notice!
Just like gut, Nylgut is liable to suffer from cutting edges. Before stringing the instrument
do make sure the nut and bridge are free from sharp edges and the nut grooves not too
deep and perfectly smooth.
You can get rid of sharp edges with very fine grit sandpaper (600, for example) or the
finest steelwool (000).
The best sound quality develops when the strings have completely set, which may
ordinarily take sometime. To achieve a stable intonation in just a few minutes you can
repeatedly pinch each string at midlength with your fingers, pull it decidedly sideways and
tune it up again. Stop when the string does not pull out of tune anymore.
Genuine gut uke strings!
For centuries, all natural gut strings were the only choice available to musicians. With
modern production capabilities and the advent of nylon/plastic, came a longer lasting,
more consistent string that was also more impervious to climate and humidity changes;
HOWEVER, as it is with many modern "improvements" something was lost. The feel and
action of true gut strings can't be matched. And to some, the authentic, traditional tone
produced by gut strings can't be replaced either.
Made from multiple strands of real animal (not cat) intestines, gut strings are the result of
a slow, painstaking process that requires a relentless attention to detail. We at Aquila
pursues the ways of Italy's past to bring us the finest gut strings available today. These
strings also make an excellent choice for your vintage instruments.
Item No

Netto / brutto

Soprano Sets
AQ UKU SD1

SOPRANO REGULAR TUNING,


Key of D (all gut strings) C, G E, A
page 30

12,80 / 15,23

-Nylgut Ukulele Strings Item No

Netto / brutto

Soprano Sets
AQ UKU S1

SOPRANO REGULAR TUNING,

6,80 /

7,89

7,20 /

8,35

6,80 /

7,89

7,20 /

8,35

7,20 /

8,35

SINGLE PACKED G STRING WOUND

2,30 /

2,74

CONCERT REGULAR TUNING, Key of C:

6,80 /

7,89

7,20 /

8,35

7,90 /

9,40

7,90 /

9,40

Key of D (all Nylgut strings) A, D, F#, B


AQ UKU S2

SOPRANO LOW-G TUNING,


key of D (1 wound string) A, D, F#, B

AQ UKU S3

SOPRANO REGULAR TUNING,


key of C (all Nylgut strings) G, C, E, A

AQ UKU S4

SOPRANO LOW-G TUNING,


key of C (1 wound string) G, C, E, A

Different Soprano Sets


AQ UKU S5

SOPRANO LOW-G TUNING,


key of C (1 wound string) G, D; A, E

AQ UKU S5-G
Concert sets
AQ UKU C1

(all Nylgut strings) G, C, E, A


AQ UKU C2

CONCERT LOW-G TUNING,


key of C (1 wound string) G, C, E, A

AQ UKU C3

CONCERT LOW-G TUNING,


key of C (2 wound strings) G, C, E, A

Different concert sets


AQ UKU C4

CONCERT FIFTHS TUNING ( 2 wound strings )


C, G, D, A like viola da braccio

AQ UKU C4-C

SINGLE PACKED C STRING WOUND

2,30 /

2,74

AQ UKU C4-G

SINGLE PACKED G STRING WOUND

2,30 /

2,74

TENOR REGULAR TUNING,

6,80 /

7,89

7,20 /

8,35

7,20 /

8,35

Tenor sets
AQ UKU T1

Key of C (all Nylgut strings) G, C, E, A


AQ UKU T2

TENOR REGULAR TUNING,


key of C (1 wound string) G, C, E, A

AQ UKU T3

TENOR LOW-G TUNING, key of C


(1 wound string) G, C, E, A

page 31

AQ UKU T4

TENOR LOW-G TUNING, key of C

7,60 /

8,82

(2 wound strings ) G, C, E, A
AQ UKU T4-G

SINGLE PACKED G STRING WOUND

2,40 /

2,86

AQ UKU T4-C

SINGLE PACKED C STRING WOUND

2,40 /

2,86

7,90 /

9,40

Different Tenor sets


AQ UKU T5

TENOR FIFTHS TUNING CGDA


(2 wound strings) like viola da braccio

AQ UKU T5-C

Single packaged 4th G Tenor wound string

2,40 /

2,86

AQ UKU T5-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

2,40 /

2,86

AQ UKU T6

TENOR EBGD, High D Tuning

7,20 /

8,35

2,30 /

2,74

(1 wound string) D, G, B, E
AQ UKU T6-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

AQ UKU T7

TENOR 6 strings, Key of C, 1 wound string (LILI'U) 8,80 / 10,21

AQ UKU T7-A

Single packaged 1st A Tenor wound string

AQ UKU T8

TENOR 8 strings, Key of C, 1 wound string (LILI'U) 9,80 / 11,37

AQ UKU T8-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

2,40 /

2,86

BARITONE 4 strings, GCEA Tuning

6,80 /

7,89

7,90 /

9,16

2,30 /

2,74

Baritone sets
AQ UKU B1

(all Nylgut strings)


AQ UKU B2

BARITONE 4 strings, D, G, B, E Tuning,


2 wound strings, key of G

AQ UKU B2-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

AQ UKU B2-D

Single packaged 4th Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

Different Baritone sets


AQ UKU B3

BARITONE 6 strings (2 wound strings) - DGBE

AQ UKU B3-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

AQ UKU B3-D

Single packaged 4th Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

AQ UKU B4

BARITONE 8 strings (2 wound strings) - DGBE

AQ UKU B4-G

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

AQ UKU B4-D

Single packaged 4th Tenor wound string

2,50 /

2,98

page 32

11,-- / 12,76

13,60 / 15,08

Banjo Ukulele sets


AQ UKU BU1

BANJO UKULELE, Key of C G, C, E, A

7,20 /

9,35

7,60 /

8,82

2,50 /

2,98

(1 wound string)
AQ UKU BU2

BANJO UKULELE, Key of C


(all Nylgut strings) G, C, E, A

AQ UKU BU2-C

Single packaged 3rd Tenor wound string

AQ UKU BU3

BANJO UKULELE, gut strings Key of C

12,-- / 14,28

(all genuine gut strings) G, C, E, A


Banjo
AQ BJ1

Nylgut classic 5-string Banjo set medium tension 8,90 / 10,59


DBGDG tuning ( 4th wound )

AQ BJ1-B

Single packaged 4th wound string

2,50 /

AQ BJ1-L

Nylgut classic 5-string Banjo set light tension

8,90 / 10,59

AQ BJ1-BL

Single packaged 4th wound string light

2,50 /

2,98

AQ BJ2

ALL Nylgut classic 5-string Banjo set medium

8,30 /

9,88

8,30 /

9,88

2,98

DBGDG tuning ( 4th wound )


AQ BJ2-L

ALL Nylgut classic 5-string Banjo set light


th

DBGDG tuning ( 4 wound ) light


AQ BJ4

Nylgut Minstrel Banjo strings

9,20 / 10,95

AQ BJ4-G

Single packaged Minstrel Banjo string, 4th wound

2,60 /

AQ BJ5

ALL Nylgut 5-string MEDIUM TENSION

9,20 / 10,95

3,09

D, B, G, D, G Tuning
Until the 1950s, only gut cords were used for the Charango, Ronroco Timple canario and
the Cuatro, in which the quickness of the answer was joined with the brilliance of the
tones, being the sound very different with respect from the present nylon cords.
Our investigative work has always had the objective to make an artificial cord that had the
same acoustic properties of the gut cords, without its typical defects (short life time, high
prices, excessive sensitivity to the atmospheric variations).
With Nylgut we have been able to eliminate these defects, reproducing the original
sound and tones of the Charango, Ronroco and Cuatro and at the same time guaranteeing
an excellent tuning stability, with respect to which it can be produced with the best Nylon
cords.

page 33

- CHARANGO, CUATRO, RONROCO, TIMPLE CANARIO Cuerdas de Nylgut.


Hasta la mitad del siglo XX para el Charango, Ronroco, Cuatro, Timple Canario se utilizaron solo cuerdas de tripa, en las que la rapidez en la respuesta se juntaba con la brillantez
en los matices, siendo la sonoridad muy diferente respeto a las actuales cuerdas de nylon.
Nuestro trabajo de investigacin ha tenido siempre como objetivo lograr realizar una
cuerda artificial que tuviera las mismas propiedades acsticas de las cuerdas de tripa, sin
sus tpicos defectos (escasa duracin, altos precios, excesiva sensibilidad a las
variaciones atmosfricas).
Con Nylgut hemos conseguido eliminar estos defectos, logrando reproducir el timbre y
los matices originarios del Charango, Ronroco, Cuatro, Timple Canario, garantizando al
mismo tiempo una excelente estabilidad de la intonacin, superior respeto a la que puede
producirse con las mejores cuerdas de Nylon.
Atencin: antes de colocar las cuerdas comprobar que las ranuras de la cejuela superior
no tengan excesiva profundidad y sean perfectamente lisas y sin asperidades o ngulos
cortantes.
Para lograr al cabo de pocos minutos una perfecta estabilidad de la intonacin, se
aconseja, en el tensar, estirar cada cuerda paralelamente a la tapa y a la altura de la
boca. Suspender al notar que la cuerda cesa de alargarse.
Until the 1950s, only gut cords were used for the Charango, Ronroco Timple canario and
the Cuatro, in which the quickness of the answer was joined with the brilliance of the
tones, being the sound very different with respect from the present nylon cords.
Our investigative work has always had the objective to make an artificial cord that had the
same acoustic properties of the gut cords, without its typical defects (short life time, high
prices, excessive sensitivity to the atmospheric variations).
With Nylgut we have been able to eliminate these defects, reproducing the original sound
and tones of the Charango, Ronroco and Cuatro and at the same time guaranteeing an
excellent tuning stability, with respect to which it can be produced with the best Nylon
cords.
Attention: before placing the cords verify that the grooves of the superior bridge does not
have excessive depth and they are perfectly smooth and without sharp or cutting edges or
angles.
In order to obtain after few minutes a perfect stability of the tuning, it is advised,
while tightening, pull each cord parallel to the sound board around the sound hole.
Stop pulling when you notice that the cord stops stretching.
Charango ...
AQ CHARA

Aquila charango string set

8,00 / 9,52

AQ TIM

Aquila Timple Canario string set

7,00 / 8,33

AQ RON

Aquila Ronroco string set

9,00 /10,71

AQ CUAT

Aquila cuatro string set

6,80 / 7,14

page 34

- OUD SETS INTRODUCTION


Until the mid-20th century the top three strings of Ouds were mounted exclusively in gut, a
material that had been used for thousand of years and that combines excellent
promptness of attack with brilliance of timbre - very different, in other words, from modern
nylon strings. And until recently the typical sound quality of gut has been a constant point
of reference for Oud-makers, composers and performers alike.
A fundamental aim of our research has therefore been to make a new synthetic product
having the same acoustic properties as gut - but without its typical defects - (high cost,
limited duration and high instability under varying climatic). Nylgut has precisely these
qualities: allowing one, on the one hand, to rediscover the sonorities familiar to the great
19th and 20th century Oud masters; and guaranteeing, on the other, a stability of tuning
higher even than that of the best gut and nylon strings.
Please notice
Just like gut, Nylgut is liable to suffer from cutting edges. Before stringing the instrument
do make sure the nut and bridge are free from sharp edges and the nut grooves not too
deep and perfectly smooth.
You can get rid of sharp edges with very fine grit sandpaper (600, for example) or the
finest steelwool (000).
The best sound quality develops when the strings have completely set, which may
ordinarily take sometime. To achieve a stable intonation in just a few minutes you can
repeatedly pinch each string at midlength with your fingers, pull it decidedly sideways and
tune it up again. Stop when the string does not pull out of tune anymore.
Price for 11 string oud Set Turkish/Arabic: EUR 22.00 net / 26,18 brut

Turkish tuning set- types


All these types are made in standard tension (4.2 Kg average for each string= silvered
copper wound strings) or in light tension (3.9 Kg average for each string. All the wound
strings are of red copper)
1 st Type

2nd Type

3rd Type

4th Type

dd

Nylgut string

dd

Nylgut string

dd

Nylgut string

dd

Nylgut string

aa

Nylgut string

aa

Nylgut string

aa

Nylgut string

aa

Nylgut string

ee

wound string

ee

wound string

ee

wound string

ee

wound string

BB

wound string

BB

wound string

BB

wound string

BB

wound string

AA

wound string

F#F#

wound string

F#F#

wound string

AA

wound string

EE

wound string

C#C#

wound string

EE

wound string

C#C#

wound string

TURKISH OUD SINGLE PACKAGED STRINGS:


dd
Nylgut
2.30/2,74
(two strings)
aa
Nylgut
2.30/2,74
(two strings)
ee
Wound
5.70/6,78
(two strings)
BB
Wound
5.50/6,55
(two strings)
AA or F#F#
Wound
5.50/6,55
(two strings)
E or C#
Wound
3.003,57
(one single string)

page 35

Arabic tuning set- types


All these types are made in standard tension (4.2 Kg average for each string= silvered copper wound strings)
or in light tension (3.9 Kg average for each string. All the wound strings are red copper)
1 st Type

2nd Type

3rd Type

4th Type

cc

Nylgut string

cc

Nylgut string

cc

Nylgut string

cc

Nylgut string

gg

Nylgut string

gg

Nylgut string

gg

Nylgut string

gg

Nylgut string

dd

wound string

dd

wound string

dd

wound string

dd

wound string

AA

wound string

AA

wound string

AA

wound string

AA

wound string

FF

wound string

FF

wound string

GG

wound string

GG

wound string

CC

wound string

DD

wound string

CC

wound string

DD

wound string

ARABIC OUD SINGLE PACKAGED STRINGS (standard or light tensions):


cc
Nylgut
2.30 / 2,74 (two strings)
gg
Nylgut
2.30 / 2,74 (two strings)
dd
Wound
5.70 / 6,78 (two strings)
AA
Wound
5.50 / 6,55 (two strings)
FF and GG
Wound
5.50 / 6,55 (two strings)
C and D
Wound
3.00 / 3,57 (one single string)
ff
Nylgut
2.30 / 2,74 (two strings)
Different arabic Aquila oud sets (standard or light tension):
Set of: 1 ff, 2 cc, 3 gg, 4 dd, 5 aa + 6 FF, 7 C (or 6 FF, 7 D) (or 6 GG, 7C) (or 6 GG, 7 D)
= 20,33
Set of: 1 ff, 2 cc, gg, 4 dd, 5 aa + 6 F (or 7 G) = 16,66
Furthermore a plain d string is available and a wound string for C instead of an A in
silverwound.
All available sets may be found in the string shop with the detailed informations.

page 36

- JAZZ DOUBLEBASS STRINGS - JAZZ DOUBLEBASS GUT SETS Gut strings were already produced in Padoa, Verona, Venice, Treviso and Vicenza since the
beginning of the 17th century. Documents of the time show that such production lasted
uninterruptedly well into the mid 20th century. Locally produced strings, thanks to their superior
quality, were exported abroad in big quantity, as proven by numerous recently discovered archival
sources. Our products are wholly produced in house in Vicenza (a town 60 Km far from Venice), to
individual requirements, beginning from fresh gut, respecting and reviving the old italian tradition.
The scope of our work, supported by constant research and painstaking experimentation, is to offer
natural gut strings produced by modern craftsmen working in the 19 and 20th Italian/French stringmakers manufacturing criteria that for centuries has been passed on from one generation to the
next, sure to offer you the very best of our tradition and aiming to reach the magic of sound that
only gut, of all materials, can achieve.
- SINGLE PACKAGED STRING PRICES EUR

Light

Medium

high twist gut

see price list

210

230

high twist gut

see price list

280

300

AA

high twist gut

see price list

400

420

AA

silvered copper wound "A" type

73.00

Light

Medium

AA

silver wound "F" type

92.00

Light

Medium

EE

silvered copper wound "A" type

100.00

Light

Medium

EE

silver wound "F" type

118.00

Light

Medium

FULL SET PRICE (Basses: 'F' type pure silver) 275.00 (20 % discount already enclose)
FULL SET PRICE (Basses: 'A' type silvered copper) 246.00 (20 % discount already enclose)
not all gut strings are alike: the difference is made by the respect to the manufacturing processes
followed for centuries by the stringmaking masters.
NEW!! - 'THUNDER' SET (SINTETIC NYLGUT SET) Until the mid of the 20th century the top two (sometime three) upper Doublebass strings were
mounted exclusively in gut, a material that had been used for thousand of years..
A fundamental aim of our research has therefore been to make a new synthetic product having the
same acoustic properties as gut - but without its typical defects (high cost, limited duration and high
instability under varying climatic).
Nylgut has precisely these qualities: allowing one, on the one hand, to rediscover the sonorities
familiar to the great 19th and 20th century doublebass's Jazz masters.
The four strings of our Thunder set, overspun with silver-plated copper, consists of a core of
Nylgut multifilament that ensures not only a high resistance to tensile stress but also a low
absorption of both atmospheric humidity and sweat.
This makes for rapid and stable intonation, as well as greater durability.
- THUNDER'S SINGLE PACKAGED STRING PRICES
G
wound on nylgut core
EUR 28.00
D
wound on nylgut core
EUR 36.00
AA
wound on nylgut core
EUR 49.00
EE
wound on nylgut core
EUR 57.00
THUNDER'S WHOLE SET: EUR 160.00 + VAT (no discount applied)

page 37

Conditions of delivery and payment


all prices are given in EURO ( ) !
The delivery of all strings to abroad will be done after a prepayment to the down given banc
account or immediately after transmitting the credit card informations ( owner, number, valid until ).
The minimun ware value should be 80,- .
The given prices are brotto for a delivery within the european community and nett for outsite
delivery ( in this case the client will pay the taxes while receivung the delivery ).
Shipping will go to the risk of the customer, but will be done always by a registerd letter with an
insurance. To the string prices you have to add the costs for shipping. Reclamations can only be
accepted within 10 days.
delivery times:
Orders will be worked normally on the day they receive me.
All Savarez strings, Aquila Nylgut and Aquila gut strings up to diameters of 2mm will always be on
a good stock. Krschner, Pyramid and Pirastro strings can be delivered during 10 days. Special
strings from Aquila may have a longer delivery timpe up to 2 month.
long strings :
Long Nylon strings from Savarez are available only in 2m. Savarez-gut strings longer
than 1,20 m are available only starting from diameter BRH / BRV 160.
The following discounts can be given for payment with credit cards:
ware value > 400
2 %
ware value > 600
3 %
ware value < 50,-add 4,-strings cannot be taken back!
shipping ( port, packing, insurance)
germany

europe

world

world air mail

50 - 100

Gramm

3,--

5,30

4,--

6,70

100 - 500 Gramm


( ~ 40 strings)

3,--

8,71

6,--

12,--

500 1.000 gramm

4,--

8,71

8,--

14,70

16,--

26,--

1.000 2.000 gramm


UPS ( 1 day guaranteed )

55,--

85,--

DHL ( 1 4 days )

45,-- to 56,--

56,-- to 86,--

shipping times:

germany
europe
USA

1-2 days
3-4 days
10-14 days

banc account:

IBAN - Code:
DE50683518650007524358
SWIFT
SOLADES1MGL via SOLADEST
Sparkasse Markgraeflerland

Foreign payment can be done by a banc prepayment or by VISA or Mastercard / Eurocard. Please
send your dates only by fax or within a letter. Never do this by e-mail!
All earlier catalogues will loose their validity! Errors excepted!
Badenweiler 1.2.2009

page 38