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Tuesday, August 4, 2009

JOB Log How to understand and interprete JES 2 Job Log


Q. What is JOB Log? Why do we need a JOB Log? What
When you submit a Batch JOB/JCL to the MVS System,
makes the necessary resources available to the the
tells you the result of the Job. The Result of the
output of the Program. The result of the Batch JOB
of the JOB.

purpose does it serve?


the MVS executes the Job Stream,
EXEC PGM (Program), and finally
Batch JOB is different from the
indicates success/failure(ABEND)

The result of the Batch JOB is stored in SYSOUT Dataset. This file is called the Job
Log. The JOB Log is stored in the queue or Spool. There would be many Job Logs for
Jobs submitted by you as well as other users lying in the Queue/Spool. In the olden
days, these JOB Logs waited in the printer queue to be printed. Since, there was only
one Printer, not all JOB Logs could be printed at the same time. Every JOB Log/Output
awaited its turn in the Queue/Spool. However, now-a-days, you can directly view the
JOB Log from the Printer Queue.
Typically, most sites have SDSF(Spooler Display and Search Facility) installed, which
is just a program running on top of TSO, which helps you to easily see the JOB Logs
and search for JOB Logs by Job name etc. To invoke SDSF, you must type S at the
command line on ISPF. The command ST shows the Jobs which have finished or Terminated.

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JOB Log How to understand and interprete JES 2 Job Log ~ MAINFRAMES TUTORIAL, JCL TUTORIAL, VSAM TUTORIAL, COBOL TUTORIAL, DB2 TUTORIAL, CICS

When you submit JCL/Job Stream to the MVS O/S, you get JOB Log like the above in the
Queue/Spool. MVS dumps several lines of Print Output (informational and diagnostic
messages) to tell you, what it did of the Job. Here, I am going to dissect the JOB
Log.
a. The first few informational messages tell you, when the JOB started on the CPU, and
when it got completed. It also tells you, who started the Job, and that JES2 has
converted the JCL into an internal format.
b. JOB STATISTICS tell you, how many input JCL statements were there. These are called
Input Cards. Every line is treated like a Card. So, even the Instream DD * Statements
are Control Cards. In the above example, JES2 read 21 Cards.
c. The JCL Listing that youve submitted is printed here. All the JCL Statements have
been numbered.
d. COND CODE The statement
CAA0176I STEP01 STEP WAS EXECUTED COND CODE 0000
indicates, that the Job-Step STEP01 for the JOB-Name CAA0176I, was executed
successfully with a condition code 0000. Condition Codes indicate the success or
failure of a Batch JOB. Condition Code of 0 implies that the Job was successful. A nonzero condition code may imply warnings or severe errors. Each Program will return a
condition code ranging from 0000 to 4095.
Moreover, this section also tells you about the status of all Datasets referred in the
DD Cards.
e. The final informational messages in the form IEFXXXX indicate the total time the
JOB took. You can find description of these informational messages in the IBM Manuals.
Posted by Quasar at Tuesday, August 04, 2009
Reactions:

1 comments:

Anonymous said...
Excellent work.....keep it up boy.....
August 24, 2009 11:14 PM

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Note : The copyrights of all the material, text and pictures posted in this website
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Globe-trotting
Some Excerpts from Mainframes360
Q. What are the two broad types of Applications/Systems?
All application/systems are of 2 types
(i) Online Systems(Transaction Processing Systems)
(ii)Batch Processing Systems. Read more ...

Q. What is the DATA DIVSION? What are the different sections in the DATA DIVISION?
DATA DIVISION is used to describe the Input Output Storage areas and temporary storage areas. In other words, itll describe the
structure of the data being stored in Input Output Files, as well as in any temporary storage. Read more ...

Q. What are data-types? What are the basic data-types in COBOL?


Data-type is used to announce/declare to the MVS O/S, about the type of data youre gonna store in a Storage Location, so that it
can estimate the storage space to be allocated and reserved for you data excusively. Read more ...

Q. What are group and Elementary Data Items?


In COBOL, one or more elementary data-items can be grouped together. For example, we can group EMP-NAME, EMP-SALARY and EMP-JDATE
as EMPLOYEE-RECORD. In COBOL, we say that a group item is a data item, which has several low-level(elementary) data-items. Read
more ...

Q. Can you elaborate on how to write the File Descriptor FD Paragraph?


As mentioned before, we must describe the input file record format and output file record format in the File Descriptor FD
paragraph under the FILE SECTION. Remember, that FD paragraph is always coded in AREA A. Read more ...
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JOB Log How to understand and interprete JES 2 Job Log ~ MAINFRAMES TUTORIAL, JCL TUTORIAL, VSAM TUTORIAL, COBOL TUTORIAL, DB2 TUTORIAL, CICS

Q. What is JOB Log? Why do we need a JOB Log? What purpose does it serve?
When you submit a Batch JOB/JCL to the MVS System, the MVS executes the Job Stream, makes the necessary resources available to the
the EXEC PGM (Program), and finally tells you the result of the Job. Read more ...

Q. In the previous tutorial, youve stated what is compiling, linking and running.. Can you show me a Compiler and
Linking JCL/Job Stream that does this?
Sure, as you know, the Compiler takes a SYSIN DD Input Dataset, which is the Source COBOL Program. The COBOL Compiler IGYWC(or
IGYCRCTL) produces SYSOUT DD Dataset containing the JOB Log and Status messages, and more importantly, SYSLIN DD which is Object
Module and Input for the Linker. Read more ...

Q. Show me a simple JCL/JOB Stream to run my COBOL Program(LOAD MODULE).


On Windows, to run a program, we simply click on the Executable File. In the same way, to run our COBOL Program on Mainframes, we
are going to use the LOAD MODULE(Executable). To run a program on the MVS, you write JCL. You specify the name of the Program(LOAD
MODULE) Read more ...

Q. What is the ENVIRONMENT DIVISION? What purpose does it serve in the COBOL Program?
The ENVIRONMENT DIVISION provides information about the computer equipment/configuration upon which the COBOL program will run. It
also gives the name of the input and output files used in the program. It assigns the file-names to ddnames(DD Statements in the
Run JCL). Read more ...

Q. What is a Mainframe Computer?


A Mainframe computer is used by large organisations for processing huge volumes of data e.g. census, consumer statistics, ERP and
financial transaction processing. Read more ...

Q. How did IBM Mainframe machines evolve?


Well, IBM first launched the System/360, then System/370, System 370/XA, Enterprise System Architecture(ESA)/370, System 390 and
the latest machines in the Mainframe series is zSeries(pronounce Zee). Read more ...

Q. What does a Mainframe Computer look like? How do you operate it?
Lets just try to see whats life like, if you are Mainframe machines operator. A Desktop computer can fit into a trolley or a
cabinet. A Mainframe Machine is generally big monster-size, would fill up a room. On a Desktop PC, you would sit near the physical
computer and operate it using the keyboard and the mouse, and see the result on the monitor. Read more ...

Q. Hey, Windows is the most popular Operating System on a Desktop-PC. On the same lines, the popular Mainframes
Operating System is MVS...
Bulls-eye! In fact, MVS is said to be the Operating System that makes the world move. Read more ...

Q. What about Super-computers? Are mainframes faster than super-computers?


Dont equate the word Mainframes to Speed. Mainframes have tremendous processing power or computational power, but of a different
kind. Think of task, where we have 1,00,000 records of Input data, and we want to perform 3 calculations on each record, and then
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JOB Log How to understand and interprete JES 2 Job Log ~ MAINFRAMES TUTORIAL, JCL TUTORIAL, VSAM TUTORIAL, COBOL TUTORIAL, DB2 TUTORIAL, CICS

put the Output Records in a separate file. Read more ...

Q. Whats that name again.. Multiple Virtual Storage? What crap?


Virtual Storage is a simple idea. Virtual storage simulates a large amount of main storage(Primary or main memory) by treating the
auxiliary storage as an extension of the real storage. Thus, a program gets the feel, Wow, I have an infinite amount of computer
memory at my disposal. Read more ...

Q. What is a Batch Job?


If you are a college student, you would have probably written a computer application in C, and executed it on your desktop PC. You
run the program interactively, you type in some input data, wait for the response(output), and then you type some more input, and
this cycle continues. Such programs or systems are called as Online Systems or Transaction Processing Systems. Read more ...

Q. Look, on Windows PC, you interact with the computer using the Windows GUI the Desktop Icons, the Menus,
Buttons etc. How do you interact with an MVS Mainframe System?
MVS offers several ways to interact with it. The 3 main ways of interacting with MVS are TSO, ISPF and CICS. Read more ...

Q. What does COBOL stand for? What are the application areas where COBOL Programs written?
COBOL stands for Common Business Oriented Language. COBOL Programs are used for commercial data processing. COBOL is an Englishlike language. Writing a COBOL program is just like writing a passage in English. Read more ...

Q. You said COBOL Programming language bears resemblance with English. Do COBOL Programs have paragraphs like in
English?
A COBOL Program consists of 4 main divisions : IDENTIFICATION DIVISION, ENVIRONMENT DIVISION, DATA DIVISION and PROCEDURE DIVISION.
IDENTIFICATION DIVISION is used to identify the COBOL Program to the system. It tells the... Read more ...

Q. Show me the basic skeleton of a COBOL Program then..


The basic skeleton of a COBOL Program is as follows : IDENTIFICATION DIVISION. ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. Read more ...

Q. Paragraphs in the English language are indented. Do you have indentation/alignment rules in COBOL?
Just like paragraphs in English, COBOL Divisions and Paragraphs must follow strict alignment rules. The way we indent paragraphs in
English, you must indent different Divisions, sections and paragraphs in a COBOL Program. When you write .. Read more ...

Q. What is the IDENTIFICATION DIVISION used for?


The IDENTIFICATION DIVISION is used to identify the COBOL Program to the system. It has the following paragraphs :
PROGRAM-ID.
AUTHOR.
Read more ...

Q. What does the PROCEDURE DIVISION look like? Whats the format/syntax. Can you elaborate..
The PROCEDURE DIVISION indicates the entry-point or starting point of the COBOL Program. This is where the computer system begins
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JOB Log How to understand and interprete JES 2 Job Log ~ MAINFRAMES TUTORIAL, JCL TUTORIAL, VSAM TUTORIAL, COBOL TUTORIAL, DB2 TUTORIAL, CICS

to run(execute the COBOL instructions). Hence, all your instructions/programming logic must be written inside this PROCEDURE
DIVISION. Read more ...

Q. How do you compile a COBOL Program? What is meant by Linking a COBOL Program? Finally, how do you run the
Program on a Mainframe System?
Compiling a COBOL Program : COBOL is a high-level language. The Mainframe Computer System only understands binary Machine Language
0 and 1. Thus, your COBOL Program has to be translated from COBOL Language to Binary Machine Language. So, you give the Program in
COBOL Language as Input to the Translator(Compiler), and you get the Output Program in Binary Machine Language. Read more ...

Q. Could you throw some light on the WORKING-STORAGE SECTION of a COBOL Program?
The WORKING-STORAGE SECTION is used to declare any fields or records that are not going to be used in input files, or output files,
but they are used to store the intermediate results of processing in a temporary storage area. Read more ...

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About Me
Quasar Chunawalla
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Working at Tata Consultancy Services, Chennai


View my complete profile

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