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COMPARISON
Sr. No.

Parameters

1.
2.

Cost
Mechanism
Setup

3.
4.
5.

Roller Mechanism Rack and Pinion


Mechanism
Cheap
Moderate

Air Piston
Mechanism
Costly

Very Easy

Difficult

Very Difficult

Maintenance

Less Required

Weekly Basis

Daily Basis

Efficiency
Design

~50%
Easy to design

~70%
Depends upon
weight sustaining
capacity

~85%
Depends upon
compressing
power of air
pistons

Table No. 1: Comparison of parameters of different speed breaker mechanism

BASIC PRINCIPLES:

Simple energy conversion from mechanical to electrical.

To generate electricity using the vehicle kinetic energy as input

we can develop electricity from speed breakers

they are using 3 different mechanisms:

Roller mechanism
Rack- Pinion mechanism
Crank-shaft mechanism

ROLLER MECHANISM:

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A roller blind mechanism for winding and unwinding a roll able blind, the mechanism
comprising a support element, a drive sprocket which is rotatable mounted on the
support element for transmitting rotational movement to a blind supporting
member, and a manually-movable elongate flexible drive element which includes a
plurality of interlinked tooth-engaging elements, the drive sprocket including a
plurality of flexible teeth engagable with the tooth-engaging elements of the flexible
drive element. A roller blind mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein a radial
extent of the teeth of the drive sprocket is equal to or greater than a maximum
dimension of the tooth- engaging elements of the flexible drive element.
A roller blind mechanism as claimed in claim 2, wherein the radial extent is equal
to or greater than twice the maximum dimension of the tooth-engaging elements of
the flexible drive element.
A roller blind mechanism as claimed in claim 1, wherein the teeth of the
drive sprocket flex in a circumferential direction of the sprocket.

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Rack and Pinion mechanism:

Rack and pinion gears normally change rotary motion into linear motion,
but sometimes we use them to change linear motion into rotary motion.
They transform a rotary movement (that of the pinion) into a linear
movement (that of the rack) or vice versa.
We use them for sliding doors moved by an electric motor. The rack is
attached to the door and the pinion is attached to the motor. The motor
moves the pinion which moves the rack and the door moves.

CRANKSHAFT MECHANISM:
The crankshaft is a mechanism that transforms rotary movement into
linear movement, or vice versa. For example, the motion of the pistons in
the engine of a car is linear (they go up and down).But the motion of the
wheels has to be rotary. So, engineers put a crankshaft between the
engine and the transmission to the wheels. The pistons of the engine
move the crankshaft and the movement becomes rotary .Then the rotary
movement goes past the clutch and the gear box all the way to the
wheels.

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ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM OF ROLLER MECHANISM:


The rotor (rotating shaft) is directly connected to the prime mover and
rotates as the prime mover turns. The rotor contains a magnet that, when
turned, produces a moving or rotating magnetic field. The rotor is
surrounded by a stationary casing called the stator, which contains the
wound copper coils or windings. When the moving magnetic field passes
by these windings, electricity is produced in them. By controlling the speed
at which the rotor is turned, a steady flow of electricity is produced in the
windings. These windings are connected to the electricity network via
transmission lines.
A car or any heavy vehicle is coming with a speed of 100 mph on the road
and passing over this roller which is fitted at the level of the road then this
roller is gaining the speed nearly somewhere 90 mph (due to losses). So
now suppose a cycle is coming with a speed of 20 mph and is going to
pass this roller (which is moving at a speed of 90mph) due to this
difference in the speed there will be a collision that is the main reason for
using this concept on the speed breaker.

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ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM OF RACK AND PINION


MECHANISM :( POWER HUMP):
In the present scenario power becomes major need for human life. Due today-to-day
increase in population and lessen of the conventional sources, it becomes necessary that
we must depend on non-conventional sources for power generation. While moving, the
vehicles possess some kinetic energy and it is being wasted. This kinetic energy can be
utilized to produce power by using a special arrangement called POWER HUMP.

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ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM OF RACK AND PINION


MECHANISM :( POWER HUMP):
In the present scenario power becomes major need for human life. Due
today-to-day increase in population and lessen of the conventional
sources, it becomes necessary that we must depend on non-conventional
sources for power generation. While moving, the vehicles possess some
kinetic energy and it is being wasted. This kinetic energy can be utilized to
produce power by using a special arrangement called POWER HUMP.
The Kinetic energy of moving vehicles can be converted into mechanical
energy of the shaft through rack and pinion mechanism. This shaft is
connected to the electric dynamo and it produces electrical energy
proportional to traffic density. This generated power can be regulated by
using Zennor diode for continuous supply .All this mechanism can be
housed under the dome like speed breaker, which is called hump. The
generated power can be used for general purpose like streetlights, traffic
signals. The electrical output can be improved by arranging these power
humps in series this generated power can be amplified and stored by
using different electric devices. The maintenance cost of hump is almost
nullified. By adopting this arrangement, we can satisfy the future demands
to some extent.

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS:
The various machine elements used in the construction of power hump are
RACK
SPUR GEAR
FLY WHEEL
BEARINGS
SHAFT
SPRINGS
ELECTRIC DYNAMO
A dome is mounted on four springs and in the bottom, a rack is clamped. The rack consists
contact teeth on both the faces. It is connected to two gear wheels to rotate the gear wheels
only in one direction. We have inserted a free wheel in each gear. The free wheel and the gear
assembly are mounted centrally. The flywheel is also mounted on the same shaft and the shaft

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is simply supported at the both ends by means of ball bearings. Now a dynamo is connected to
each shaft by belt drive. The output terminal of dynamo is connected to an electrical storing
device. The total assembly is arranged in concrete pit.

Table for material of constuction :


S.NO.

NAME OF THE
COMPONENT

MATERIAL USED

QUANTITY

RACK

MILD STEEL

SPUR GEAR

CAST IRON

FLY WHEEL

CAST IRON

SHAFT

MILD STEEL

SPRINGS

CHROMEVANADIUMALLOY
STEEL

BEARINGS

HIGH CARBON
CHROMIUM STEEL

ELECTRIC
DYNAMO

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RACK:
Its primary function is to convert translator motion into rotary motion. It must have higher
strength, rigidity and resistance to shock load and less wear and tear

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Fig: Line diagram of power hump

SPUR GEAR
It is a positive power transmission device with definite velocity ratio. In volute teeth profile is
preferred for adjusting some linear misalignment. It should have high wear and tear, shockabsorbing capacity.

FLYWHEEL
The primary function of flywheel is to act as an energy accumulator. It reduces the fluctuations in speed. It
absorbs the energy when demand is less and releases the same when it is required.

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SHAFTS
It is a rotating element, which is used to transmit power from one place to another place. It supports the rotating
elements like gears and flywheels. It must have high torsional rigidity and lateral rigidity.

SPRINGS
It is defined as an elastic body whose function is to distort when loaded and to recover its original shape when
the load is removed. It cushions, absorbs or controls energy either due to shocks or due to vibrations.

BEARINGS
It is a machine element, which supports another machinery. It permits relative motion between the contacting
surfaces while carrying the loads. They reduce the friction and transmit the motion effectively.

ELECTRIC DYNAMO
It is a device, which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. It works
based on faradays laws of electromagnetic induction.