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Table of Contents
The Project ABC.......................................................................................................... 3
Project Objectives.................................................................................................... 3
International and Regional Conventions.....................................................................7
Project Description.................................................................................................. 7
Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan...................................................8
Conclusions and Recommendations........................................................................9
Project Background................................................................................................. 9
The Process of Constructing a shopping Mall.....................................................10
Project Rationale................................................................................................ 11
PROJECT DESCRIPTION.......................................................................................... 16
Project Activities.................................................................................................... 17
Pre-Construction (Design) Phase........................................................................17
Construction Phase............................................................................................ 18
Shopping mall construction................................................................................ 18
Communication and Safety Measures................................................................22
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF PROJECT SITE & ITS SURROUNDINGS..........................30
BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT...................................................................................... 36
Flora and Fauna..................................................................................................... 36
SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT............................................................................38
CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT......................................................................................... 41
POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.....................................................................44
EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS..............................................................52
MITIGATION MEASURES............................................................................................ 65
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN.......................................68
DECOMMISSIONING AND CLOSURE PLAN.................................................................72
Institutional Framework for Monitoring, Reporting & Supervision.............................87
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................94
Conclusions........................................................................................................... 94
Recommendations................................................................................................. 94

Abstract
The Management of ABC Limited wants to construct a Senior Mall in Noida that will be of
international standards. Once build this will provide access to goods and services to tourist resort
facilities as well as the residents of Noida and other surrounding towns .Noida is endowed with a
lot of minerals and has got the potential for economic growth.

Diagram
Layout plan:-

Layout planning is deciding the best physical arrangement of all resources within a facility
Facility resource arrangement can significantly affect productivity
Two broad categories of operations:
Intermittent processing systems low volume of many different products

Continuous processing systems high volume of a few standardized products


Four basic layout types consisting of:
Process layouts - Group similar resources together
Product layouts - Designed to produce a specific product efficiently
Hybrid layouts - Combine aspects of both process and product layouts
Fixed-Position layouts - Product is too large to move; e.g. a building
Column Plan:-

Column: Your first plan is your most important plan Your first plan is most important for several
reasons. First, individuals and teams learn the process of planning in the first year. The three
planning teams created a great first-year plan which will resolve the major strategic challenges
their organizations are facing. I would estimate that first-year process gets 60 to 70 percent of the
strategy complete. In the second year, they will have greater process clarity (they can see it),
which in turn leads to a more effective plan and execution. Having been through the process
once, the team understands the entire process and can now focus all of their energy on updating
their plan and strategy. As a result, they will experience a significantly higher level of success
including record sales and profitability.
The second reason is because many companies and individuals work a plan for two or three
years. I established the vision and plan for my life eight years ago. Many of the core strategies
that I developed for my businesses and my personal life are still key strategies today. Every year

we update the strategy and establish annual goals with new action plans to work "on" the
business, but many of the core strategies are still the same. Many components of your first-year
plan can remain in place for the rest of your life.
Your first plan is your most important plan because it is much easier to shape and update a
strategy than it is to create the first one. In simple terms the second year, and annual plans
thereafter, are much easier to develop and execute than the first. As a result, to experience your
highest level of success you must persevere through the first-year planning process.
I look back on those three planning teams and realize they did in fact get it. Not only did they get
it, but now they see it and now are doing it. They're drinking the water, if you will. They are
executing their most important plan their first one. Have you? Remember, those who plan
profit.
Steve Van Remotely is a professional speaker, strategist, adviser and author of "Stop Selling
Vanilla Ice Cream. Contact him at steve@stopsellingvanillaicecream.com, or go to
smadvisors.com or stopsellingvanillaicecream.com. His column runs the first Sunday of the
month.

Area Plan:-

Area Chart:-

Geographical Description:Senior Mall 32, Noida, has been conceived at a strategic location, making it the obvious choice
of more than 20 lakh people. The project offers lifestyle, entertainment, consumer durables and
commodities.
Location: Proximity to Golf Course, adjacent to sector 36 & 31.

New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, also known as Noida, is taken care by New Okhla
Industrial Development Authority management. On April 17, 1976, Noida's administration came
into existence.

April 17 is celebrated as 'Noida Day'. During the Emergency in India in the year 1975-1977, this
administration was set in order to bring a thrust of urbanization. Noida city was formed under the
Act of UP Industrial Area Development. Noida also has a Film City with many media-Related
companies

present

there.

Noida is situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh in its district Gautam Budh Nagar. The distance
between Delhi and Noida is around 20 kilometres to southeast. The distance between Noida and
the headquarter of the district Greater Noida is also about 20 kilometres to northwest and the
distance between Noida and Uttar Pradesh's capital Lucknow is about 457 kilometres to
northwest. Noida is encircled by the River Yamuna on west and south-west, the Delhi city on
north and north-west, Ghaziabad and Delhi's cities on north-east, and river Hindon on the east,
north-east and south-east. Noida comes under Yamuna River's catchment area, and is situated on
an old river bed. The city's soil is considered rich and with characteristics of loam.

The administrative headquarter of the district is in Greater Noida, which is a nearby town.
However, the District Magistrate (DM) of the district, who is the highest government official, is
located in Noida. The Gautam Budh Nagar Lok Sabha constituency and Vidhan Sabha, which is
the state assembly, constituency is in Noida. Among the National Capital Region, Noida is the
17th clean place in India. The National Capital Regions Gurgaon and Faridabad rank 87th and
237th

respectively

in

India

when

it

comes

to

cleanliness.

During summers, Noida's climate is very hot from March to June. The temperature varies from
minimum of 23 degrees Celsius and the maximum of 45 degrees Celsius. During monsoons, the

climate gets very hot and humid from mid-June to mid-September. Noida chilly winters are
marked by the cold waves coming from the Himalayas. During the peak winter time, the
temperatures can fall to as low as 3 to 4 degree Celsius. Noida also faced a lot of issues with
smog and fog during this time. The city is covered by a dense fog, which reduces the visibility on
streets, mostly in January.
Noida has the Delhi Metro facility till the City Centre from Delhi and also to Vaishali. The Metro
service in Noida started in November 12, 2009 (10 months in advance), due to the
Commonwealth Games. Metro will further expand in Noida and will also cover Greater Noida.

Noida has three important expressways - DND Flyway, Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and
Yamuna Expressway. DND Flyway connects Delhi and Noida in no time and is highly preferred
by the office-goers. Yamuna Expressway connects Agra via Mathura to Noida. Recently, a lot of
residential developments have been taking place in the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway's
adjacent area. The city has access to DTC, UPSRTC and private buses. People can choose autorickshaws, cycle rickshaws or taxis for small-distance travel. However, Noida doesn't have direct
rail connectivity. The railway stations can be accessed at nearby areas like Anand Vihar and
Ghaziabad.

Area Map of senior Shopping mall:-

The Project ABC


ABC Mall Limited, propose to establish a shopping mall in Noida Sector 7 ABC Mall Limited
are a private property holding company, which was registered on the 16th of May 2012. ABC
Mall Limited shareholders have a diversified portfolio throughout South Africa which includes
offices, warehouses and shopping centers. In this regard, they have identified a piece of land in
Noida of about 2.5 hectares as a possible site upon which to build a 1163m2 shopping mall. The
proposed development introduces an iconic retail-centric mixed-use development with an
international flavor, where people will experience an exclusive shopping environment, dine and
socialize in an up market setting.
The concept revolves around the construction of a multi-million dollar Shopping Mall
Development facility with a final build-out of approximately 1163m2 in Noida. These premises
lie at the junction of T-3 and president Avenue and can be accessed through the T-3 and President
Avenue, and are directly opposite Noida Sector 7 Flats. The projected total cost of the whole
development will be US $7 million. (US Dollar Seven million). The construction of the shopping
mall will be done at once and is scheduled to commence in March 2013 with completion set for
June 2015
This anticipated project falls under the Second Schedule of the Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) Regulations of the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act
(EPPCA), and its various Instruments. Provided for under this Act is the requirement that an
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study be carried out for this and similar projects. The
Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) of which this report is the main part, presents the findings
of the EIA study to identify both positive and negative impacts together with recommendations
to mitigate potential negative impacts and to enhance benefits
ABC Mall Limited has appointed the consultant to undertake an EIA to comply with the
Environmental Protection and Pollution Act of the Laws of India and subsequent Statutory
Instrument No. 28 of 1997 (Environmental Impact Assessment) regulations

Project Objectives
The key objectives of this project are as follows:
To increase shareholders wealth and value through profit generation by operating on a sound
commercial basis. To offer a one stop shopping and entertainment experience for the people of
Noida and surrounding areas. To provide a modern shopping and entertainment experience for
international visitors to the city of Noida. To contribute towards the modernization of the city of
Noida and support the increased affluence and spending resulting from the booming mining
industry and its support sectors. To contribute in a limited way towards improving the quality of
life for the people of Noida and surrounding areas by offering quality and international class
shopping and entertainment facilities, and employment.
We are convinced that this project will meet the above objectives once implemented and fully
operational.
Location
The shopping mall will be situated in the central commercial business area; it will cover
23683m2 and the floor of about 11623m2. The shopping mall will be accessed from the president
Avenue opposite Noida Sector 7 flats.
Arc 1950 coordinates
EASTINGS
NORTHINGS
67795.104
8564499.761
677948.972
8564621.367
678035.833
8564527.061

677891.892
8564410.419
The Proponent
ABC Mall Limited is a private property holding company, which was registered on 16
May 2012. ABC Mall Limited shareholders have a diversified portfolio throughout South Africa,
which includes offices, warehouses and shopping centers. ABC mall shareholders have been
managing a number of properties in Melrose, Johannesburg South Africa.
Position

Name

Residential Postal Address

Director

Rajarathnam Ravi Sankar

Flat 1,2 Dolphin court, Delhi ,p.o


box 110085,Rohini

Director

Steven Bernard Herring

Director

Thirupathi Ramalinga

Flat 9A-1st Floor, Boulevard,


MetroGurgaon
Flat 9A-2ndFloor, Boulevard,
MetroGurgaon

Secretaries

Rajuram Acharya

Noida Corporate Services Limited


4th Floor Compensation House
Broad way P.O Box 110085Rohini

Total proposed project investment: US$ 7 Million


Proposed Project Implementation Date: March, 2013
CONTACT DETAILS

Name of Developer ABC Mall Limited


4th Floor Compensension House
Address of Developer Broadway Noida
UP
Telephone Number of Developer Tel +0112356464
FAX 260 554554545
Person Responsible for the project Steven Bernard Herring

Percentage shares

Project coordinator Charulata Bhardwaj


EIA Legislative Requirements
According to the EMA of 2011, Section 3 (1) of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Regulations, states that, a developer shall not implement a project for which a project brief or
environmental impact statement is required under these Regulations, unless the project brief or
the environmental impact statement has been concluded in accordance with these regulations and
the India Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA) has issued a decision letter.
ABC mall limited has commissioned this study as part of its corporate responsibility to comply
with the prevailing environmental laws in India so that key environmental issues associated with
the project are identified and suitable measures that can mitigate the potential adverse impacts
are put in place.

International and Regional Conventions


Project Description
The mall will have two landscaped courtyard spaces, which can be used for meetings,
performances, or open market space hence enhancing social interaction. The courtyard also
breaks the monotony of built up space and provide leisurely atmosphere. Surface parking of
approximately 275 vehicles plus 43 taxis near the road will cater for vehicles. This wide
separation of parking will provide convenient flow of vehicles.
Subject to approval of this EIS by the ZEMA, project implementation is schedule to commence
in the first quarter of 2013. Construction of the Shopping Mall will take approximately 3 years.
Decommissioning and closure will depend on future economic and technological conditions over
the life of the Project.
Potential Impacts and Mitigating Measures
The construction of the mall will be done on the virgin land. The Construction of the shopping
mall is likely to cause an increase in a number of people as well as vehicular traffic. The major
negative environmental impacts have been identified as:
Biophysical Impacts
Disfigurement to the project area due to construction activities
Increased air pollution from increased vehicular traffic.
Increased noise nuisance both during construction and operation phases
Irreversible environmental destruction from construction activities such as deforestation, borrow
pit digging and camping site for construction workers
Disfigurement to the landscape from construction wastes and borrow pits
River siltation from eroded soil and silt from increased run-off due to disturbance of sub-soil
structure
Oil and gasoline spills from construction equipment and plant maintenance activities
Littering domestic refuse and sewerage waste from construction camps

Increased particulate matter (diesel) and dust.


Socio-economic Impacts:
Increased access to tourist facilities
General improvement in local livelihoods due to synergistic impacts of positive effects of the
project
Increase in revenue to local authorities and institutions from communications, land rates, licenses
and personal levy
Changed human settlement patterns due to increased population who may be attracted to the area
Creation of employment opportunities during the construction and operation phase
Increased trade opportunities in the community due to increased population

Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan


An Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan covering the construction and operational
phases will be elaborated. The plan will comprises elements to be incorporated in the detailed
design of the project. The responsibilities of the ABC Mall, the Contractor and of the various
public authorities will be clearly defined.
Environmental monitoring and enforcement will be stated along with the output from such
monitoring activities. Monitoring responsibilities will be specified for the responsible authorities,
ZEMA, the developer and the Contractor.
The ABC TEAM
The ABC team comprises the following experts:
NAME

POSITION

Ravi Patel

Environmental and Natural


Resource specialist
Social Economist
Civil Engineering and Hydrology
Structural Engineering and
Material Testing

Raj Singhania
Rahul Oberoy
Moin Khan

SIGN

Conclusions and Recommendations


The findings from the study indicate that the socio-economic benefits of the construction of a
shopping mall to the communities in the project area of influence outweigh the nodevelopment scenario. The project is therefore being recommended for implementation
provided that the recommended mitigating measures with the implementation of the Impact
Mitigation Plan and Environmental Monitoring Plan are undertaken.

Project Background
India has vast potential for sustainable economic development through effective exploitation of
its natural resources. One of these areas is through the exploitation of its vast land resources
through property development. The other is the naturally occurring Tourism potential. Both have
greatly contributed to the creation of employment, foreign exchange, local economic growth, and
improving of the aesthetics of the nation at large. With the growth of its fund and coupled with
lack of assets in the market which could yield real rates of returns, ABC Mall Limited has
decided to enhance its investments in property development for Commercial use on the
Copperbelt Noida to be specific. Asa consequence, ABC Mall Limited is intending to construct a
shopping mall that will be called ABC Mall of 32 shops covering about 11623m2. Therefore
these EIS is prepared by the Consultants on behalf of the client ABC Mall.
The Management of ABC Mall are the executing agency while the contractor will be responsible
for the implementation of this project. The main objective of the construction of the shopping
mall is to secure access to goods and services that are efficient in answering to people s needs,
thereby making a significant contribution to realizing and developing India 's economic potential.
In addition to investment and wealth creation, was to add beauty to the city of Noida and bring
vibrancy to the new and up and coming part of Noida destined to be a high end area.

The Process of Constructing a shopping Mall


The process leading to final construction of the shopping mall works is organized under four
main areas namely; preparatory works, organizing project implementation, approval and
awarding of contracts and supervision of physical works.
1.1.1. Preparatory Works
This include selection of the Mall, field assessment (Construction interventions, surveys,
collection of data, etc), preparing improvements plans (preparing of technical specification, local
maps and standard cross sections for works to be carried out and calculations of bill of
quantities) preparation of EIA contract clauses.
1.1.2. Tendering Process
This process involves invitation to tender, making tender documents available to pre-qualified or
registered contractors, organizing pre-tender site visits, issuing tender notices, receipt and
opening of tenders, tender evaluation, and contract negotiations and awarding of tenders.
1.1.3. Organizing Implementation of a Project
This process involves giving notices to the contractor to commence work, liaising and reporting
to the employer/ client and liaising with contractors on the work program and mobilization of
staff, workers and equipment.
1.1.4. Approval and Awarding of Contracts
This process entails obtaining performance bond, insurance of work and workers, giving notice
to contractor to take possession of site, obtaining contractors work program and mobilization of
staff, workers and equipment.
1.1.5. Supervision of Physical Work
This involves day to day monitoring of physical progress of the workers, application of
conditions of contract, enforcement of specifications, measuring of works with contractors'
representatives, quality control in form of materials testing at laboratory and on site, certification
of work done, preparation of interim payment certificates, control of material and equipment on

site, issuing of site instructions and variation orders and settlement of disputes (arbitration,
conciliation, etc).
Project Rationale
Noida is experiencing a growing economy as reflected by the GDP rated at 5.4% in 2011 and is
expected to grow in the coming years, and comparing favorably with general economic growth
in the region. With a population currently estimated at 455.194, Noida has experienced rapid
urbanization in recent years, which has resulted in demand for more modern infrastructure. The
city is thus facing a number of challenges, which include inadequate parking, lack of appropriate
accommodation, traffic congestion due to the increasing number of vehicles and overstretched
designed traffic routes through the City Centre from north and south and the need to service
expanding areas and new development nodes. These areas include: Sector 8, Sector

14, Sector 19, and Sector 21.


There is an urgent need to address the inadequacies of existing infrastructure and to meet a
growing demand for modern facilities in the office and retail market, the residential market and
the hotel and hospitality industry as well as leisure market.The current situation obtaining in the
property market in include
1.4 Proposed location and site MAP
The location plan as prepared by ABC mall Limited for this project is provide below:

The shopping mall will be situated in the central commercial business area; it will cover
23683m2 and the floor of about 11623m2.The shopping mall will be accessed from the president
Avenue opposite Noida Sector 7flats.
1.5 Project Objectives
The key objectives of this project are as follows:
To increase shareholders wealth and value through profit generation by operating on a sound
commercial basis.
To offer a one stop shopping and entertainment experience for the people of Noida and
surrounding areas.
To provide a modern shopping and entertainment experience for international visitors to the city
of Noida.
To contribute towards the modernization of the city of Noida and support the increased affluence
and spending resulting from the booming mining industry and its support sectors.

To contribute in a limited way towards improving the quality of life for the people of Noida and
surrounding areas by offering quality and international class shopping and entertainment
facilities, and employment.
We are convinced that this project will meet the above objectives once implemented and fully
operational.
Objectives of the EIA
As earlier stated, the study was carried out in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the EIA
Regulations to identify potential negative and positive impacts of the project and provide
mitigation measures for negative impacts and enhancement measures for positive impacts
respectively.
We have provided mitigation measures to mitigate the negative impacts. We have also
recommended enhancement plans to enhance positive impacts of the project. An environmental
Management Plan has been presented in this report to provide clear steps designed to ensure
focused implementation of the recommended mitigation and enhancement measures.
We trust the information contained herein meets the requirement of the Environmental Council
of India and warrants them to authorize the implementation of the KML project.
Scope of the EIA
To determine the environmental implications of the construction of the shopping mall, an EIA
must be undertaken according to the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act
(Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations of 2011.
ABC mall limited has identified a pieace of land for the construction of the shopping mall, which
also encompasses an environmental impact assessment. The EIA will assess the impacts from the
construction and evaluate the alternatives. The existing pieace of land has been included with a
"zero-alternative", in case the construction on the proposed land does not take place.
The EIA will determine whether the Construction of the shopping mall will have significant
adverse or beneficial impacts on the environment during the construction phase and operational
life of the mall, and it will also recommend measures for mitigation of negative environmental
effects through the preparation of an environmental management and monitoring plan.

The scope of the study is outlined in the Scoping Report and Terms of Reference (November
2012) as reviewed, commented and approved by the Environmental Council of India . The output
from the EIA is this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) comprising of an Environmental
Management and Monitoring Plan (EMP).
Study Approach and Methodology
The EIA process took place from October 2012 to November 2012, and involved the following
steps:
Review of the existing environmental information and legislation
This included review of the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act and its
subsidiary legislation and other relevant Acts and international conventions.
Initial environmental survey at the proposed Shopping mall

This task involved collecting data around the project areas and identifying areas requiring
detailed investigations, which include sensitive areas.
Scoping

The scoping exercise included consultative meetings and discussions with relevant government
institutions at national, provincial and district level, local communities, representatives from
NGOs and community based organizations and residents from communities around the project
area. Letters stating the objectives of the project and requesting local participation and
consultation in the process were also distributed. Responses from the consultations and
discussions provided the relevant background information and helped identify major
environmental concerns of the communities around the proposed shopping mall for the detailed
EIA process.
Identification of the magnitude and significance of the principal impacts

Impacts will be evaluated in terms of magnitude and significance. There are four groupings of
impacts on the environment, which will be evaluated for the duration of the project namely;
Physical environment
Biological environment
Socio-economic environment
Cultural environment
These impacts may be positive (beneficial) or negative (adverse) and will be classified as low,
moderate or high to the extent their effects will be described quantitatively in terms of
environmental costs and benefits. Effects may be direct or indirect, short term, intermediate or
long term.
The impacts will be assessed during the following stages of the project:
Pre-Construction (Design) Phase
Construction Phase
Operational Phase

It will be important that the likely impacts are defined and evaluated at an early stage of the
planning process. This was done through scoping the specific impacts and their implications
which are pertinent to the shopping mall project so that alternatives can then be investigated and
changes can be incorporated at the design stage. Other measures will also be identified which can
be taken into account during design and construction phases that would enhance the
environmental quality of the shopping mall.
Identification of appropriate mitigation measures and/or design changes to eliminate or
reduce the identified impacts

The mitigation measures will be considered to reduce the effect of the development on the
surrounding environment. Wherever possible recommendations will be made to mitigate against
impacts on the physical, biological, socio-economic environment and cultural environment.
Formulation of an environmental management and monitoring plan

The report will include a plan for monitoring and implementation of mitigation measures during
construction and operation. Mitigation plans should be included in the tender document to form
part of the overall construction contract.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION
Project Location
The proposed project is located at the junction of T-3 and president Avenue in the central
business area of Noida, a city on the NCR Province of India. The province has ten districts.
The shopping complex will accommodate leisure, social and recreational facilities. These will
include shopping, entertainment and administration area of 23683m2. This includes the parking
space.
The mall will be inter-linked by covered walkways. The small retail-shopping units will vary in
size from 48m2 to 450m2. However, the areas can be adaptable to the required minimums
required by the tenant. This also allows for a wide range of tenant mix and wide range of
commodity.
The shopping mall will have adequate provision for full service restaurants and pubs in the
complex and provisions for coffee shops and business caf. A large super store of about 800m2
as one of the key tenants will be run by a recommended franchise that will allow for variety of
commodities. This will be serviced from the back and fully house with administration offices,
staff canteen kitchens and storage spaces.
The mall will have two landscaped courtyard spaces, which can be used for meetings,
performances, or open market space hence enhancing social interaction. The courtyard also
breaks the monotony of built up space and provide leisurely atmosphere. Surface parking of

approximately 275 vehicles plus 43 taxis near the road will cater for vehicles. This wide
separation of parking will provide convenient flow of vehicles.
Subject to approval of this EIS by the ZEMA, project implementation is schedule to commence
in the first quarter of 2013. Construction of the Shopping Mall will take approximately 3 years.
Decommissioning and closure will depend on future economic and technological conditions over
the life of the Project.
The project will consist of the following phases:Phase 1 Site Preparation (Year 1),
Phase 2 Construction (Year 1 Year 2),
Phase 3 Operations (Year 2 Year 30), and
Phase 4 Decommissioning and Closure (may not be done).

Project Activities.
1.1.23. Phases in Shopping mall construction
The project is made up of four phases namely preparation, construction, operation and
decommissioning phase. Each of the phases comprises a series of activities contributing to
overall attainment of the project objectives. The activities involved in each phase are elaborated
in the sections below.
Pre-Construction (Design) Phase
This phase involves carrying out a survey of the proposed shopping mall. Survey in this case
refers to land investigations, drilling, measurements and pre-works examination of the site. To
facilitate the development of a conceptual design an environmental impact assessment was
undertaken and the key concerns from the study were taken into account in the design phase. The
output from this phase is an environmentally friendly-engineered design for the shopping mall,
which has to be implemented in the construction phase.
Construction Phase
The actual construction of the shopping mall will take place in the construction phase. The
estimated shopping mall works will cover the following activities:

Shopping mall construction


The initial activities during this phase relating to construction management will include:

Establishment of the construction Project Management Team (PMT).


Establishment of a professional Site Inspection Team.
Establish and agree management, inspection, and reporting procedure
The Site Establishment will include the initial construction of the following facilities:
Establishment of site management office and facilities.
Maintenance workshop sheds and stores.
Fuel depot / kerb site for the temporary fuel stocks for construction equipment
Establishment of temporary services and builders supply i.e. water supply
Establishment of temporary fencing around the site
There will be labour camp on the project site, although security personnel will be
accommodated on the site. Various plant and equipment to be used during the execution

of civil works will include


Graders
Cranes
Vibrators Rollers
Water Trucks
Bulldozers
Front End Loader
Generator Set 125 KVA
6m Containers
Concrete Mixers
Concrete Pokers Excavators
Water Pumps
Mechanical Tool Boxes
Compressors
Civil Plate Compactors x3
Pedestal Rollers
Tipper Trucks
10 Ton Trucks 4

Construction activities will be repeated as required over the two phased Construction cycles. The
main anticipated project construction activities that will have potential impacts on the
environment are:
a) Site Preparation and Leveling

Initial site preparation will entail removal of the existing infrastructure, scarifying of topsoil and
earthworks to establish the required levels. The project will be constructed by-and large on the
existing level requiring minimal basic earthworks, which will minimise the need for filling of
areas with laterite and aggregates. Earthworks will for the most part involve the use of heavy
machinery such as bulldozers and graders.
b) Construction of Roads and Drainage System
Construction of the roads will involve earth moving and shaping of formation shoulders, and
stabilization of the base with the piling, spreading and compaction of gravel and aggregate
materials on the road.The entrance to the mall will be opposite Noida Sector 7flats on president
avenue studies are underway to find the best way to incoparate the nearby existing public road
network, a team of expertise from local authority and RATSA including RDA and the developer
are yet to develop the traffic strategy Construction of a bitumen surface pavement will involve
the spreading and compaction of aggregates and tar materials on the road. Construction of
drainage will involve excavation and shaping of drains and soil compaction. Lined drains will
require the preparing and pouring of concrete.
c) Excavation and Foundations:
This will involve the excavation of trenches for foundation strips for buildings and trenches for
ground water storage tank water, and sewage reticulation system. The geotechnical survey of the
site is indicative that the bearing capacities of soils are good and the foundation depth and design
for the intended structures will not be complicate.
This will be in accordance with local engineering standards. Construction of foundations will
involve the compaction of underside of foundation trenches and
Pouring and mixing of concreate
d) Sub-structural works and Floor slabs
This will involve block work, mixing, pouring and compaction of concrete, backfilling and
compaction of material according to specifications. This sub structural works will include the
laying of water and sewage reticulation pipes and underground electrical cables.
e) Construction of Superstructures (shopping mall)

This will involve:


The preparing of mortar and concrete.
Structural steel erection
The laying of concrete block walls.
Fixing of roofs.
Erection of roof trusses.
Installation of finishes and fixing electrical and plumbing fixtures and fittings.
Landscaping
f) Materials Mobilization, Handling and Storage
This refers to the acquisition, delivery, and storage of materials required for construction works.
Gravel, laterite, and stone aggregates will be acquired and transported to the site from ZEMA
approved quarry sites within the Noida area. Provision will be made for bulk storage of materials
such as sand, aggregate and laterite. Petroleum products, such as fuels (petrol/diesel), lubricating
oils, hydraulic fluids and bitumen / asphalt mix will also be sourced. Only limited amounts of
these materials will be stored on site as reliable supply sources will be within close proximity. A
small fuel storage facility of capacity 1000 litres, will be established on site. Other materials that
will be transported and stored include sand, cement and blocks,
g) Maintenance of Machinery
A temporary workshop facility will be constructed on site for the maintenance of construction
vehicles and machinery. This will be combined with the fuel storage facility.
h) Movement of Construction Traffic and Heavy Machinery
Transportation of construction materials and waste to and from the site will involve the
movement of heavy vehicles on access roads to the project site as well as within the site. Daily
transportation of construction workers will also add to the volume of construction traffic to the
site. Construction activities such as clearing, excavation, earth moving and mixing of concrete
will involve the movement and operation of heavy plant and equipment on and around the site.

i) Construction Workers Activities


Although no labour camp is planned in the project area, social interaction activities will
undoubtedly result between project workers and local communities. The project will as much as
is possible hire labour from within local communities. Local market transactions will take place
between construction workers and local communities. Casual sexual relationships may also result
from interactions between workers and the community. A canteen will be established on site to
cater for construction workers. The presence of construction workers will require the provision
of water for food preparation and domestic purposes as well as the provision of sanitation and
health services.
j) Water Abstraction
As mentioned earlier, water will be required for construction, workers domestic and dust
suppression measures. Water will be abstracted from on site water system provided by ABC
Water and Sewerage Company at a rate not exceeding 2.5 l/s.
k) Waste Management
Waste management during the construction phase will include:
Provision of temporary workers sanitation.
Collection and disposal of domestic waste at ZEMA approved disposal sites.
Transportation and disposal of building waste and rubble.
Collection and disposal of used oils / lubricants according to ZEMA
Requirements and ERB standards
Shopping Mall Design Parameters
The mall will be a single level development covering 11623m2 of floor space catering for about
32 shop spaces. It will be fully enclosed and air-conditioned. It will have provision for four (4)
anchor tenants. Central to the concept of the development will be an extensive Food Court area
with large enclosed clerestore-lit and landscaped common seating area that will cater for five (5)
sit-down restaurants. The knuckles of the mall will have three (3) court areas. The shopping mall

will also have 273 parking bays at full capacity and in addition it will43taxis parking spaces the
taxi drop off zone.
Fencing
It is recommended that a perimeter fence be provided that secures the entire shopping mall. The
shopping more will be situated in a central business area near some residential houses so it is
necessary to fence off the mall.
Installation of shopping mall furniture
The shopping mall will have to put in place furniture in the forms of signs, demarcations and
lining, safety barriers, culvert beacons, traffic lights. The Project proposes to introduce all the
above-mentioned furniture where appropriate.
Communication and Safety Measures
Firefighting equipment and communication system for safety measures on mall will be installed.
Operational Phase

The main activities that will exist during the operation stage will be those that will relate to the
specific different parts of the development. As indicated in the foregoing, the completion of each
development phase will result into the commencement of the respective operation of the
particular facilities. The completion of the Shopping Mall will open up new avenues to the
populace for consumer shopping, trading in the tenant lots to be provided, and participation in
the varied entertainment packages that will be available. Because of the availability of open
paved spaces, leisure related activities will be highly exploited.
During these operational phases, certain activities that are likely to have an impact on the
environment include:
1) Water Supply As mentioned the average and maximum water demand of the project is
estimated at 2,508 m /day and 4,238 m /day respectively to be sourced from KWSC water
supply. Water will be stored in tanks (Sub-surface, surface or Overhead) in case of water
shortfall.

2) Commuter Traffic The volume of traffic to and from the project area will increase appreciably
once the project is operational. This will especially apply at peak times during the day with
commuter traffic and during peak shopping periods such as weekends.
3) Commercial Activities These will include retail activities at the commercial node.
4). Leisure Activities This includes activities like the shopping, and other entertainment facilities
including restaurants.
5). Estate Management Post Construction Activities relating to estate management will include:

Waste Management

Solid waste management from the commercial node will be the responsibility of the centre
management who will ensure that the area is at all times clean and tidy. The facilities provided
for the separation of waste for recycling and storage will be in enclosed and caged skips to
prevent materials from being blown away from the site. An approved contractor for disposal in
accordance with NCC and ZEMA regulations will collect waste regularly.
Sewer & Storm Water Management Sewer line maintenance will include routing and flushing
the sewer mains, service calls on potentially blocked mains, repair of damaged mains, and
flushing driveway culverts.
Electrical Maintenance & Management The electrical distribution system will be monitored
and maintained on a day-to-day basis. This will be up to the distribution board at each facility.
All internal electrical maintenance will be the tenants responsibility and must be carried out by
an approved electrical contractor.
Water Management The water reticulation system will be monitored and maintained on a dayto-day basis in conjunction with the KWSC. All internal water supply maintenance will be the
responsibility of the owners and will be carried out by an approved plumbing contractor.

Vector/Pest Control (mosquitoes and cockroaches) One of the most effective methods of vector
control is Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS). In this method, the inside walls of mall are sprayed
with residual insecticides. Contact with the walls by any of the pests results in their death

immediately or soon afterwards. The other effective method of mosquito control is that a person
sleeps under insecticide treated nets (ITNs). The ITN works not only by creating a barrier
between the mosquito and its intended victim, but also by killing the mosquito if it gets into
contact with the net. The Management will contract for the annual spraying of public areas of the
mall with appropriate pyrethroids to control mosquitoes and bi- annually with approved pesticide
for the control of cockroaches.

Decommissioning And Closure

Decommissioning and closure is dependent on economic and technological conditions after the
30-year Project life.
Final rehabilitation will includei) Removal (or alternative use) of the redundant Mall infrastructure,
ii) Re-vegetation and re-profiling of the Mall area, and
iii) Post closure environmental monitoring and inspection.
The above-mentioned actions will effectively rehabilitate the Project site.
1.1.24. Sources of Raw materials for shopping Mall
1.1.25. Raw materials During Construction
No

Raw Materials

Sources

Mode of Delivery

Sand - River and Building

Local suppliers

Road truck

(for concrete and building


mortar)
2

Laterite (for foundations and Approved borrow Road truck


construction of road sub base )

pits and quarries

Aggregates

Local

(for concrete and construction


of sub base and pavement of

ZEMA Road truck

approved suppliers
(e.g. Oriental and

internal road

Raube Quarries.

Cement (for concrete, mortar Local


and road works

approved Road truck

supplier (Chilanga
cement plc

Asphalt and bitumen

Local ERB

Road truck

approved supplier
6

clay brick

Registered foreign Road truck


and

local

clay

brick suppliers e.g.


Kalulushi Bricks
7

Concrete blocks and Culverts


(for in fills/ building)

be Road truck

manufactured

on

and off site

Petroleum Products Diesel

Local

(for operation of plant and


machinery)
9

To

suppliers Road truck

Local

ERB

approved supplier

Water for construction, dust Serviced by KWS

Road truck

suppression and domestic use


10

Electricity

To be serviced by

To be supplied

11

General building materials

Local ZEMA

Road truck

(e.g. timber for shuttering, approved suppliers


door

and

window

frames

polythene sheeting, brick force


and mesh for reinforcement,
timber, sewer pipes, paint e.t.c)
12

Finished

products

and Imported ensuring Road truck

equipment

compliance

(e.g. structural steel sections


,IBR roofing sheets, gypsum
board,

uPVC

and

with

India n standards
and regulations

HDPE

piping, light fittings, switches,


aluminum fittings, switches,
window frames, sanitary ware,
brass

ware

ceramic

and

floor

conditioners

finishes,
tiles,

geysers,

air
sewer

treatment plant, booster pumps


etc)
Table2: showing raw materials during construction
Raw Material during the Operational Phase

The main raw materials inputs required for the operational phase of the project will include:
1) Water This will be used for both domestic and commercial use. The water supply demand is
as outlined above.

2) Electricity Provisional electricity demand for the project is estimated at 20 MVA. The actual
supply may be even less than this. ZESCO has indicated that this is within its capacity to supply.

3) Raw Foodstuffs and Sundries This will be required during the operation of catering services
of the Restaurants. This will also include cleaning chemicals and products for tertiary treatment
of sewerage

1.1.26. Waste Products during Construction Phase


The following waste and by-products are expected to be generated during the project
Construction cycle:

1. Topsoil
This Top soil will result from scarifying of the site.
2. Building rubble
This will include sub-soil removed and any rock rubble generated by blasting (or other rock
breaking activities) during excavation of trenches for foundation strips. This will also occur
during the laying of sewer / water reticulation pipes, excavations for water features / ground
storage tanks for water and fuel, etc. and other spoil such as rejected concrete, broken blocks and
tiles, etc.
3. Solid waste
The other solid construction waste will include material such as scrap timber and various off cuts
and refuse such as discarded packaging (e.g. cement bags), workers garbage, and domestic waste
from workers canteen etc.
4. Used oil
Used oil and lubricants will be generated from routine on-site maintenance of Plant machinery
and equipment.
5. Sewage
This will be Sanitary and Sewerage waste generated by the construction workforce.
6. Runoff
This will be Storm water runoff from the site
7. Dust
Dust will be generated on the site from delivery of material and various construction activities.
8. Exhaust emissions:
This will be from the operation of vehicles and machinery on site.
1.1.27. Waste Products during Operational Phase
The following by- and waste products are expected to be generated during operation:

1. Sewage
Average and peak daily sewage flow estimates are based on 80 % return flows of the volume of
water supply. The estimated average sewage volume will be approximately 1662 m3 /day.
2. Domestic / Commercial Solid Waste:
Shoppers, Tenants and Restaurants will generate domestic solid waste. Solid waste from
Restaurant will typically have a high organic content (e.g. vegetable matter and rejected
foodstuffs). The primary generator of solid waste from shops and offices in the development will
be waste packaging and delivery materials (e.g. card board and plastics) and waste paper.
Shoppers will also deposit some litter. Rewstaurants, offices and shopping complexes generally
do not give rise to hazardous or toxic wastes.
3. Storm Water
An increase in storm water runoff will result from the site due to the development of roofed and
paved areas, which do not allow infiltration of rain water. Storm water run off from the parking
areas may contain some hydrocarbons from minor oil or fuel leaks/spills. Storm water run-off
typically also contains silt and suspended solids.
4. Exhaust air:
Discharges to air from the kitchens of hotel, vehicles and mall restaurants
5. Vegetative Waste
This will include leaves and grass cuttings from maintenance of landscaped areas of the estate.
Analysis of Alternative Shopping Mall Construction

It is very unlikely that a different type of scheme would achieve the same level of infrastructural
development as that of the proposed project in terms of surfaced road network and the
implementation of a regulated water supply network.
In addition, many other benefits of the proposed project, such as provision of employment and
numerous multiplier effects on the economy would not be realized if it were not implemented.
The proposed project is fully compatible with general development in the area and is likely to
increase the value of neighbouring properties and ventures. General and specific environmental

impacts, which are anticipated because of the implementation of the project, are detailed in this
report. On balance, is considered that the proposed project will help to meet an urgent need for
new infrastructure and facilities in Noida without significant net adverse impacts on the local and
general environment. This will be facilitated by the application of the appropriate mitigation
measures as discussed in this report.
Taking the effect of constructing a shopping mall project on the environment, other alternatives
were taken into consideration. The purpose was to assess the effects of these alternatives on the
environment against expected benefits. The alternatives considered are:
1) Option A: Do Nothing;
2) Option B: Building on the same given site;
1.1.28. Option A: Do Nothing;
Option A: Do Nothing;
Option A, Do Nothing Alternative option, would mean that the current environmental
assessments and implementation being done on site are brought to a halt, because the option
entails not proceeding with construction of shopping mall
2) Option B: Building on the same given site;
Option B: Proceeding with the option of constructing the ABC mall on the proposed site is the
developers preferred option as the area has already been given to the company and title deed
issued.
Comparison of Alternatives

An objective assessment of the alternatives implies weighing the impacts of continuing with the
option and not continuing. The No option alternative would mean that the Mall is not built on
the proposed site and all the potential impacts on the environment, i.e., biophysical, socioeconomic and cultural would not occur. Option B would entail all the foreseeable impacts on the
bio-physical, socio-economic and cultural environment would occur.
From the above, it can objectively be stated that considering the distance from the Noida and
shortage of land in Noida for such investments, the proposed site would be ideal for construction
of the mall. The main reason for preparing an Environmental Impact Statement is to identify all

the possible impacts associated with the investment and formulate the best measures to mitigate
them before implementation of the project.

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF PROJECT SITE & ITS


SURROUNDINGS
1.1Topography
The NCR province lies on a plateau that slopes gently from 1,370m in the north-west to 1,130m
in the middle. The province has the Kafue River as the main river basin that drains the NCRin a
wide arc from north to south and is fed by many tributary rivers and streams principally, the
Delhi, India, ABC and Ganga Rivers in the west and the Yamuna River in the east.
Topographically, Noida district lies on the gentle sloping NCRpen plain at altitudes ranging
between 1,200m and 1,455m above sea level, approximately 13 0 South and 280 35 East. Noida
has an average elevation of approximately 1,300 m (1,200-1,450 m) above sea level. There are
however isolated hilly outcrops such as Kashmir Hills. Higher elevation is reached north-west of
Noida, where mountains form the border with the Democratic Republic of China, whereas the
elevation drops towards river valleys in the East and South.
The district is characterized by undulating terrain of less than 100 slopes and from the project
area, the land gently slopes northwards towards the ABC River with an average gradient of 2%.
The average elevation is about 1200 m above sea level.
1.2 Soils and Geology
The NCR region is a 500 million year old mountain chain, the Lufilian Arc, which formed when
two large pieces of continental crust, the Kalahari Craton and the Congo Craton, collided. This
collision was one of the many that happened between 700 and 500 million years ago to form the
Gondwana supercontinent.
This collision is thought to have remobilised base metals, largely already present in the
sediments that had accumulated in the basin between the two cratons. These brines then
concentrated the base metals either along stratigraphic boundaries, or along fractures, faults or
within structurally controlled 'traps' (such as the nose of afold). The collision also produced

crustal shortening, during which the stratigraphic sequence was techtonically pushed northwards
on top of the Congo Craton.
The Lufilian Arc contains two diamictites, megaconglomerates of glacial origin. One of those is
correlated with the sturtian glaciation, while another correlates with the Marinoan Glaciation,
both global glaciation events that had profound influence on the history of the planet.
Soil formation in India is strongly influenced by rainfall patterns, as these affect the degree of
weathering and leaching. High rainfall patterns in the Copperbelt combined with a low nutrient
base rock have resulted in leached, nutrient-poor soils. The soils are deeply weathered, typically
lateritic, acidic (with pH values ranging from 4.0-5.5), generally leached of silica and base
nutrients and enriched in iron and aluminium oxides. The sandy topsoil often overlies a more
loamy and clayey subsoil and the composition of the soils makes them susceptible to erosion if
soil conservation practices are not used. The soils at the specific project site are mostly laterite on
the southern side and clayey on the northern side.
1.3 Climate
Data from the Noida Weather Station, located 9km northwest of Bwana Mkubwa are used to
define the regional climate and local weather conditions. The Noida Station located at an altitude
of 1270m and, because of similarities in altitude and topography, is considered representative of
conditions at the project area.
Average annual rainfall is approximately 1250mm, with the majority falling during the summer
months of November to March.
As indicated in Table 1 and Figure11, the 84-year average precipitation for a 24- hour event has
been recorded at 28.6cm in January with the lowest being 0.2 in September.(Noida Met Station
1974-2002)
Table 3: Average precipitation for an 84-year old period
Mont

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

28.6

24.3

17.8 3.7

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

0.4

0.2

2.5

13

27.8

h
cm

(Source: www.weatherbase.com)

Recorded temperature for Noida has ranged from as low as -20C to as high as 360C. Low
temperatures have been recorded in the months of April to September while average high
temperatures are usually experienced from October to March.
Table 4: Average relative temperature
Month

Average

Average High Average

Highest

Lowest

Temperature

Temperature

Lower

Recorded

Recorded

Temperature

Temperature

Temperature

January

21

27

16

30

12

February

21

27

16

30

12

March

21

27

16

30

12

April

21

27

16

30

12

May

20

28

13

30

June

16

25

28

July

18

27

31

-2

August

21

31

12

33

September

21

32

15

36

October

24

32

15

36

November

23

30

16

34

12

December

22

28

17

31

11

(Source: www.weatherbase.com)
Average relative humidity rises from October to February and thereafter drops to as low as 30%
in September.
Table 5: Average Relative Humidity for a 3-Year Period
Mont

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

75

75

69

61

52

47

43

36

30

33

54

71

h
%

(Source: www.weatherbase.com)

Wind directions are dominated by winds from the northeast through to the southwest with
maximum gusts ranging from 30 m/s in summer to 22 m/s during the inter months.
Ambient air quality in Noida area is generally influenced by a number of different sources of air
pollution. These include industrial sources, brick ovens, domestic fuel burning and veld burning
for agricultural purposes, charcoal manufacturing and vehicle entrainment of dust on unpaved
roads. Motor vehicles emissions also have some impact on air quality. Biomass burning from
July to September on a regional scale elevates the ambient concentrations from local sources.
The average wind speed of Noida is 3.3m/s. A high frequency of light winds occurs at Noida,
with 40 % of all winds less than 3.4 m/s. The highest frequency of winds is from the sector eastnortheast to east-southeast, with more than 20% of all winds from the east. The strongest winds
occur in this sector and reach 8.5 m/s on 5 % of occasions, mainly in August and September. On
rare occasions the winds exceed 8.5 m/s.
Ambient air quality data is not available for the project site. However, observations made during
visits showed that the air was generally good. Visibility was not Impaired no foul smell was
observed. Some individuals working in the environs of the project site where interviewed
whether they have been affected by any form of air pollution. The answer was that theyhave not
been affected so much apart from occasional smoke emissions from plant
operations and burning activities.

They also have a feeling that the air quality was generally clean. Being an industrial area air
quality was expected to be compromised but the actual situation is different due to low industrial
activities taking place in the area.
The project site being located in the central business area is vulnerable to noise pollution. Key
sources observed included vehicular traffic, plant machinery operations and occasional train
movement. Occasional noise is also recorded from neighbouring plant machinery and vehicles
on the roads such as T-3, President Avenue and Chisokone Avenue. However, noise levels are
generally low. Snap survey conducted during the day around the project site using a Decimeter
showed noise levels ranging 50- 85 dB. The main source of noise peaks observed was vehicular
movement.
1.4 Hydrology and Drainage

Surface Water
The NCR province is mainly drained by the Yamuna River. The River flows through the province
in a wide arc from north to south and is fed by many tributary rivers and streams principally, the
Luswishi,Lufwanyama, ABC and Mwambashi Rivers in the west and the Yamuna River in the
east. The City of Noida is drained by the ABC River, which passes through most of the town
with its tributary streams such as the Noida stream. Other tributaries include the Kabushi
seasonal stream towards the west. Run off water from the site drains into ABC. However, there
are no streams on the specific ABC shopping mall plot and its immediate areas of influence.
There are no aquatic water quality standards established for ABC river. However, a study
conducted by African Mining Consultants to establish water quality of the ABC River using
water collected from ABC river about 120 metres away from the proposed site showed that the
water was generally of good quality except for feacal coliforms, lead, iron, chromium, cadmium
and manganese which were above the India Drinking Water Standards of 0/100 ml, 0.05 mg/l,
1.0 mg/l, 0.05 mg/l, 0.005 mg/l and 0.05 mg/l respectively check appendix for the
results.

Ground Water
Borehole data from sites drilled by Department of water Affairs in the area and its surrounding
indicate that the average depths of boreholes range from 35-60m, with the water often stuck at
depths ranging from 4-25m. Average borehole yield from a 165mm bore is in the range of 2.5-11
litres per second with an average draw down of 30.8 meters. Water samples collected from a
borehole near the proposed site at the golf club about 30 meters away showed that the water was
of good quality and complied with drinking water quality standards. Check the appendix for the
results attached
1.5 Water and Sanitation
All water in Noida is supplied through a company called ABC Water and Sewerage Company.
This campany is charged with the responsibility of providing water supply and sewerage services
to the urban and peri-urban areas of Noida. The population coverage to these areas is estimated at
80% and 60% for water and sewerage services respectively.

The water supply in Noida is presently derived from both surface and underground sources, with
surface sources accounting for approximately 60% of the total supply. Surface supplies are
derived from the Itawa and ABC impoundment's both of which are situated at the ABC River
while underground supplies are derived from two well fields in the Misundu area developed in
the 1980s to augment existing surface supplies.
The City is serviced by three sewage collection systems within two sewage catchment areas. The
first system serves Pamodzi, Chifubu, Kawama, Kansenshi and parts of Northrise in the northern
catchment and conveys sewage to New Kanini Sewage Treatment Plant. The second system
caters for the Central Town area, Kanini, Hillcrest and remainder of Northrise and Kansenshi,
with sewage being pumped to Old Kanini Sewage Treatment Plant through Itawa and Dambo
pumping stations. The third system caters for the southern supply district, and conveys sewage
by gravity to Lubuto Sewerage Treatment Plant. It was noted that sewers in the high cost and
central business district are generally in good condition with only a few blockages being reported
or noticed and ABC Water and Sewerage Company usually fix them. However, most of the
sewers in the low-cost housing areas no longer have the capacity to effectively convey the high
sewage flows as they now cater for populations far in excess of the design capacity, resulting in
frequent flooding. The affected areas in this regard are mainly Chifubu, Main Masala and
Kabushi.

BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
Flora and Fauna
1.1.29. Flora and Vegetation
From the point of view of phytochorial classification, the whole of India belongs (together with
Pakistan, Bhutan, large parts of Asia, Nepal and Srilanka) to the so-called Asian Region. Most of
the region is covered by savanna-woodland (Kawalika, M, 2004).
The Noida region belongs naturally to the savanna-woodland type with significant areas being
agriculturally and horticulturally cultivated. The vegetation of the Copperbelt Province, is
covered with 80% Miombo Woodlands (Brachystegia- Julbernardia), which include
Brachystegia longifolia, Isoberlinia angolensis, Albizia adianthifolia, Ficus brachylepis and
Uapaca kirkiana as the key tree species. Grass mainly comprise of the Hyperrhenia and
Digitaria species which include Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum).

Noida has the Mansansa Forest Reserve, located westwards of the City, and with the Chichele
Plantation attached to it. The project site however, is a brown field, designated as light industrial
area whose anthropogenic activities continue to impact on the floral species of the area.
Vegetation at the project site mostly comprise of ornamental plants with very limited natural
vegetation. Fruit trees include mango, guava and apple trees (see figures 1 and 2 below). Grass
mainly comprise of couch grass (cynodondactylon).

Figure 2: Fauna around the project area


1.1.30. Fauna around the project area
The project area is a brown field, designated as an industrial area that has been affected by years
of anthropogenic activities. However, the few faunal species near the project area are bird species
such as tits, crows, pigeons, owls, and goshawks. Rodents are found around the butter and soap
plants. Insect species found in the general locality of the site include mosquitoes, wasps, bees,
cockroaches, grasshoppers, butterflies, houseflies, aphids and dragonflies.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
Demographic Profile
1.1.31. Major Demographic Characteristics
The 2010 Census of Housing and Population show that currently, Noida has a total population of
455, 194 of which, females constitute 51% and males 49%.The most densely populated area in
Noida is Noida Central Constituency, which includes high density residential areas such as
Nkhwazi, Yengwe, Chipulukusu and Twapia, in addition to the low density areas of Kansenshi
and Kanini. Unfortunately, the report does not categorise population by residential area but by
ward.
Table 6: Population distribution in the project planning area
Ward

Households

Male

Female

Total

Kanseshi

2,514

6,586

6,369

12,955

Nkwazi

4,600

10,713

10,689

21,402

Yengwe

3,570

9,376

10,689

21,402

Chipulikusu

7,651

18,526

18,814

37,340

Kanini

2,683

6,410

6,708

13,118

Twapia

6,034

14,316

14,819

29,135

Dag

2,335

4,860

5,044

9,904

305

677

663

1,340

Hamarskjoerd
Kaniki

1.1.32. Economic Profile Around the project area


Noida used to be the largest industrial centre of India but has been decimated over the years and
scores of closed factories and plants can be seenin the town. A number of former industries
such as clothing and vehicle assembly have gone completely.

Although copper is still India s largest foreign exchange earner and the mainstay of the national
economy, the city of Noida has established itself as a commercial and light industrial centre of

considerable importance, as well as being the junction and distribution centre for the Copperbelt.
Modern factories, offices and shops line the Central Business District. A big attraction in Noida
is the annual India International Trade Fair in July.
There are no mines in Noida itself but a metallurgical plant by Bwana Mkubwa is only 10 km
south-east of the city centre. Copper and precious metals used to be brought from elsewhere in
the Copperbelt for processing at the Noida Copper Refinery and Precious Metals Refinery.
Noida is host to the countrys only refinery, the Indeni Oil Refinery that supplies petroleum
products from Noida to the whole country. The main source of employment and livelihood in
Noida is a combination of formal and informal employment. Formal employment is in the above
named industrial sector covering mining (copper, lime and cement), agriculture (mostly crop
production), food processing, beverages, textiles, saw milling, chemical industries together with
the service industry comprising government service provision in health, education, sanitation as
well as the private sectors services in the hospitality industry, trade and transport. Agriculture,
trade and crafts dominate the informal sector.
Land-use
1.1.33. Land Tenure Systems
India is divided into three types of land tenure systems namely Native Reserves (Traditional
Land), State Land and Trust Land. The proposed project site falls under state land with a 99-year
title leaseholdNoida District has a varying range of industrial and economic activities
that form land use activities.

The majority of the population practice subsistence farming with maize being the major crop
grown. This is mainly for household consumption. Some households are involved in the growing
of vegetables such as rape, cabbage and tomatoes. As referred to above, substantial acreage of
land in Noida is reserved for the Mansansa Forest Reserve while another piece of land has the
Chichele Plantation on it.
Mining activities in Noida are not as extensive as in other Copperbelt towns even though this
was the initial centre of mining. However, Lafarge and Noida Lime have quarry pits for their
cement and lime production respectively while Bwana Mkubwa mine processes copper ore from
Lonshi Mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The land use activity around the project area is predominantly light industrial as well as
residential and the area is designated as a central business centre area by the local authority. They
are no change in the land use and that no impacts will be associated with this in line with the
development .The project will also not result in the damage to agriculture assets as well as
fisheries. The council has given a go ahead of the project meaning that land use and other
associated factors were considered check appendix for council approval.
1.1.34. Settlements
India has five types of human settlements namely cities, municipalities, district centres, rural
centres and villages. Noida falls under the city status type of settlements. However, it also has
settlements which reflect rural and village set ups. The proposed project site is an urban setting.

CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
Cultural Resources
1.1.35. Archaeological, Cultural and Historical Sites
Sites of historical and archeological importance in Noida include the original mine on the NCR
located at Delhi, the grave site for Polish settlers running away from war also located in Northwestern area, the Slave tree and the Dag hamasjoeld memorial site located in the outskirts of the
Central District of Noida.
There are no archaeological, cultural and historical sites on the proposed project area. However,
if fund during the construction the developer will report to the National Heritage and
Conservation Committee for action as outlined by law

PUBLIC MEETINGS/ CONSULTATIONS


Approach and Methodology
The method adopted for community consultations was open discussions with the relevant local
institutions at provincial and district level, representatives from NGOs and community based
organisations and residents from communities living around the proposed site.
Letters stating the objectives of the project and requesting local participation and consultation in
the process were also distributed.
Responses from the consultations and interviews provided the relevant background information
and helped identify major environmental concerns of the communities around the airport for
preparation of this environmental impact statement.
Key Presentations, Questions and Concerns from the Community Consultative Meetings
During public consultative meetings with the local communities, the environmental team gave
presentations on the project and also received the questions/concerns from the community on
issues that should be considered and investigated in the detailed EIA. The key questions/

concerns are contained in the Scoping Report (October 2012) reviewed, commented and
approved by the Environmental Council of India.
These discussions were centered on:
The airport runway and its surroundings (land-use, natural resources, water, etc.)
The most important features (market places, gathering sites, schools, clinics, quarries, borrow
pits, access and feeder roads, etc.)
Sensitive areas (protected areas, graveyards, historical sites, etc.)
Where should construction materials be taken from/or not taken from?
Employment opportunities
Benefits (increased trade and transport) and inconveniences (illegal trade, increased traffic)
Positive or negative experiences with other contractors
Community Concerns
The key community concerns from the public consultative meetings are summarised below and
proposed mitigation measures are elaborated in the chapters on mitigation measures and
environmental management plan.
Table 7: Community Concerns
Community Concerns

CONCERNS

Project site & its surroundings

Concern as to whether the much-talked about


shopping will not be just like other malls that have
failed to be complited.

Concern as to what will happen to settlements near the project area in terms of dust pollution.
Concern as to what will the developer do to the fencing during the construction phase .
Quarries & borrow pits

Concern of illegal sand and stone mining


activities.

Abandoned borrow pits pose hazards to the nearby community and animals .
Lack of consultation between contractor and local community on the sites for excavation of laterite

Siting of construction camps

Lack of consultation between contractor and local


community on the sites for camp sites

Abstraction of water from local sources.

Concern that over exploitation of local water


sources for construction works might lead to water
shortage to the local community.

Employment opportunities

Investigate the role of the Labour Department in


the recruitment of local people.

Concern that employment opportunity for local people should not be restricted to unskilled labour but
also skilled labour.
HIV/AIDS, other diseases and pregnancies.

Local

government

under

the

community

development should be involved in the HIV/AIDS


programmes
Sensitive Areas

Concern that Culture site if fund should be


reported to the NHCC

Drainage design/Culverts

Investigate the flooding at the site area, which


occur during heavy rainfall.

Project benefits to the local community.

Concern that the project benefits to the local


people are not known.

District/Community role in the project

Concern that the roles of the District Council & the commu

not known.
Concern that the duration and cost of investment are not kno
rehabilitation are not known.

POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS


Construction of the shopping mall will adversely affect the environment and the communities in
the immediate surroundings of the construction site. Many of these impacts will arise not only at
the construction site but also at quarries, borrow pits and materials storage areas serving the
project. In addition, adverse environmental and socio-cultural impacts will occur during

construction as a result of air and soil pollution from machinery, dust, noise from construction
equipment and blasting; fuel and oil spills, trash and garbage; and the presence of nonresidentlabor forces.
Impacts on Land and Soil
1.1.36. Construction Phase
In this phase dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks while transporting laterite,
stone aggregate, cement, lime, petroleum products and other chemicals may change the soil
structure. This impact is considered insignificant.
Soil contamination will be caused by leakages from the machines operations, poor handling of
petroleum products such as oil and fuel spillage during dispensing as well as improper disposal
of used oils, hydraulic fluids, toxic and empty oil containers.
Within the construction phase some activities involving site installation, stock piles preparation,
quarrying, construction of detours, access roads, plant park sites and drainage excavation will
cause soil destabilisation. Soil compaction by plant machinery and vehicles movement will lead
to reduced groundwater yields.
1.1.37. Operational Phase
Abandoned excess laterite and stone aggregate littered around stock pile areas after construction
is completed change the soil structure in the surrounding areas. Similarly DE vegetated areas
resulting from post excavation and grading works including drainage channels enhance soil
erosion on discharge areas.
Impacts on Vegetation
1.1.38. Construction Phase
The vegetation to be affected most is that which is confined to the shopping mall reserve and
where gravel pits will be established. Plant most likely to be affected are those found in the five
vegetation types outlined in Section 5.1 above.
The ecological value of the inundated forests and woodlands to the riverine ecosystem cannot be
ignored in that such vegetation stands contain several niches for diversity of animal species.

Should the design of the shopping mall confine the extent of land clearing to the limits of the
shopping mall reserve, then this will not affect vegetation in the outlying areas. However, trees
within the shopping reserve should be preserved for ecological and aesthetic reasons
Dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks during the transportation of laterite, stone
aggregate, cement, lime, petroleum products and other chemicals including emissions from plant
machinery and vehicles hamper normal growth of vegetation. Similarly Poor disposal of toxic
waste and petroleum products hampers normal growth of vegetation.
Loss of vegetation in this phase is caused by activities related to clearing of sites for installation
of works, clearing of the quarry site, preparation of stock pile area, construction of detours,
access roads and park sites and the demand for fuelwood by labour force.
1.1.39. Operational Phase
Laterite dust and littered stone aggregate from the excess construction material left after
shopping mall construction works will hinder normal vegetation growth around the stockpile
areas. - 21 Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitats
1.1.40. Construction Phase
The impacts on wildlife around the project area are considered not significant since the shopping
mall is in the middle of the commercial business area.
1.1.41. Operational Phase
Impacts on wildlife are not considered significant, as the shopping mall runway is located in the
commercial business centre. This will not have any disruption of animal movements during the
operation of the mall.
Impacts on Water Quality
1.1.42. Construction Phase
During construction phase, the bridges, side drains, mitre drains and culverts will require
cleaning, de-silting, reshaping and repair. Some of the drains and culverts might be prone to soil
erosion, which will result in siltation of nearby watercourses. Also impacts on water quality may

be caused by contaminated run-off of petroleum product spillages, leakages from storage areas
and heavy vehicles, improper disposal of used oils and from hydraulic fluids which enters the
nearby surface water sources. Similarly, easily eroded destabilised soils may be washed into
surface water sources and cause siltation and sedimentation which will reduce the water quality
and impact on aquatic life. Activities that will give rise to this impact include construction of
detours, access roads, drainage channels, excavation and grading works.
At the project site, the Contractor will set up temporary camp for its labour force and will require
sanitation facilities such as pit latrines. Construction of sub-standard pit latrines for campsite
labour force may contaminate groundwater due to seepage to the groundwater.
1.1.43. Operational Phase
Excess construction material left after construction works may be washed into the water sources
and lead to sedimentation of water sources and lowering of the water quality. Erosion of bare
areas resulting from excavation and grading works and construction of drainage channels may
increase runoff which will lead to sedimentation and increased turbidity in surface water as well
as reduced groundwater infiltration.
Further hazardous materials spilled from haulage vehicles and washed into water sources will
result in water pollution.
Impacts on Air Quality
1.1.44. Construction Phase
During construction phase large amounts of soil will be excavated and transported. The
machinery used for excavation will generate dust, which can be dispersed by the wind affecting a
zone of up to 100m around the excavation.
Emissions to the air in form of exhaust fumes and dust from vehicles and machines may cause
nuisance to the closest surroundings. Dust raised from gravel access roads by haulage trucks
during transportation of materials will also pollute the air of the immediate local environment
1.1.45. Operational Phase

Impact on air quality in the operational phase is likely to come from increased vehicles and
vehicular traffic flows which proportionately discharge emissions to the air. Also loose soils on
cleared areas may be blown off during strong winds and raise dust particulate matter, which may
affect the quality of the air.
Impacts of Noise
1.1.46. Construction Phase
During construction phase heavy machinery will be used for the excavation of soil. The
machines are noisy and will cause a certain degree of nuisance to the surrounding environment.
The noise levels of machines and vehicles vary widely and depend on the type of noise generated
and level of activity. A front end loader has for instance a power level of 100dB(A) while a
truck will have a power level of 85 dB(A). In the worst case a combined power level
of 115 dB(A) will be in place during construction which will result in the 50 dB(A)
contour being located at a maximum 250m from the construction site. However
since the equipment will never work at exactly the same location the 50 dB(A)
contour will be confined to the construction site and within the airport reserve area.

Some common impacts of noise nuisance include annoyance, sleep disturbance and interference
with communication. Acceptable levels of noise are regarded to be 40 dB(A) during the night
and 50 dB(A) during the day. Since construction will take place during the day only the 50
dB(A) level is of importance.
1.1.47. Operational Phase
During operational phase the source of noise is expected to come from increased a vehicular
traffic. The current noise level at the proposed site is 42.6 dB. The normal acceptable noise level
for such activities is 65dB or CNEL (Community Noise Equivalent Level)
Impacts on Landscape and Aesthetics
1.1.48. Construction Phase
Generation of dust during quarrying, equipment movement including land clearing for stockpiles
as well as reshaping during the shopping mall construction distorts the natural landscape and

may degrade areas of scenic beauty. Further extensive excavations and dumping of stripped top
soils in scenic area spoils the beauty of the areas.
1.1.49. Operational Phase
Abandoned structures, which are left near areas of scenic beauty after construction works, excess
construction materials of laterite, stone aggregate and concrete slabs left in areas of scenic beauty
reduces the quality scenery.
Impacts on Land-use and Surrounding Environment
1.1.50. Construction Phase
The land-use around the project site is characterised by residential and lodge activity and
commercial business areas. Since there are plans to develop the shopping mall, major impacts are
anticipated to the surrounding environment. The major source of impact expected is generation
of dust by construction vehicles. However, this activity will be confined to the mall reserve areas
and therefore the impact can be minimised through a programme, which ensures dust control
such as regular watering down the dust areas.
1.1.51. Operational Phase
Increased vehicular traffic will entail a proportionate increase in exhaust fumes and will have an
impact to the immediate surrounding environment.
Impacts on Socio-economic Environment
1.1.52. Construction Phase
During this phase skilled and unskilled labour will be required. Project areas are characterised by
high level of unemployment and low level of skills and employment opportunities will therefore
increase the positive benefits for the local people who are in dire need of income for sustenance.
Furthermore, indirect opportunities for employment will arise from the provision of services to
the construction teams, such as sale of food and beverages. In this sense the construction of the
shopping mall may have a positive impact on the employment situation in the nearby
communities. This impact is considered to be positive.
1.1.53. Operational Phase

Socio-economic benefits provided by the construction of the shopping mall will include allweather services and goods provision and reliability, reduced transportation costs, increased
access to Banks, food, groceries farm products, better access to health care and other social
services.
Impacts on Cultural and Historic Sites
1.1.54. Construction Phase
Within the project area we do not have any cultural and historic sites.But if fund during the
construction works they will be protected under the National Heritage Conservation Commission
Act. The impacts likely to affect the sites are disturbance due to increased tourist visitations and
dust generation from vehicles during construction. The dust can settle on the site and can
disfigure its outlook. Other activities that may also lead to this impact include location of
stockpile. In addition construction of detours, access roads and campsites can destroy the site and
may lead to loss of cultural heritage.
1.1.55. Operational Phase
No additional negative impacts on cultural values are foreseen during operational phase.
Impacts on Human Settlements
1.1.56. Construction Phase
There will be no possibilities of demolition; relocation of any settlement .Moreover construction
work will be confined to the shopping mall reserve area. The potential impact is considered
insignificant.
1.1.57. Operational Phase
No direct correlation was determined between migration and construction of the shopping mall
especially that the mall is located on the vergin land with no settlement. No additional negative
impacts on human settlements are foreseen during the operational phase.
Impacts of Quarries and Borrow Pits
1.1.58. Construction Phase

During construction phase, a number of quarries and borrow pits will be opened up. Potential
impacts include vegetation clearance and landscape scars resulting from the absence of revegetation programmes and poor excavationtechniques. Extraction of construction materials
from quarries and borrow pits could generate excessive noise caused by blasting, movement of
machinery and labourers and thus impact on the nearby communities. Also increased air
pollution due to diesel fumes and dust generation resulting from the presence of construction
machinery and site clearing activities.
Quarries and borrow pits impact on the visual and aesthetic view. The excavated areas become
prone to soil erosion during rain season and can contaminate nearby surface water.
1.1.59. Operational Phase
Quarries and borrow pits left abandoned after construction works could be a potential hazard to
ecology and nearby communities and animal population. Transmission of diseases, such as
malaria and their vector can occur in stagnant water collected in abandoned borrow pits. Malaria
that is transmitted by the anopheles mosquito and diarrhoea are both water-related diseases. Thus
the potential impact from poor extraction techniques and lack of re-vegetation programmes is
considered significant. Further if the quarries and borrow pits are sited nearby communities the
pits could become habitats for dangerous creatures such as snakes, which can easily attack
unsuspecting children playing in these abandoned quarries and borrow pits.
Impacts of Road Traffic
1.1.60. Construction Phase
Construction traffic could negatively impact on undisturbed areas of the project. The
construction process could impede movement of people on the usual route to livelihood
activities.
1.1.61. Operational Phase
The vehicular traffic intensity to the mall is likely to increase once the construction of a shopping
mall is complete and the mall becomes operational. The additional vehicular flow may cause an
increased number of accidents on the road. This additional flow could be because of people
going for shoppingor traffic connecting to neighboring communities beyond the shopping mall.

This increase in traffic may cause an increase in the number of accidents. The types of accidents
include those involving vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians.
However, improved sight lines and replacement of road furniture will reduce some accidents.
Overall, the potential impact of an increase in accidents is considered significant and negative.
Impacts of Work Accidents
1.1.62. Construction Phase
During the construction phase heavy machinery will be employed. Heavy machines make a lot of
noise, cause carbon dioxide emissions and generate dust and may cause accidents among
operators if not handled properly. This is likely to have negative impact on health of the workers.
To limit the risk of accidents, safety procedures will be put in place and enforced by the foreman
to ensure that vehicles and machinery only drive in designated places by authorised personnel.
1.1.63. Operational Phase
As the runway rehabilitation project would have completed there will be no workers on site and
there will be no more impact from this phase.
Impacts of Construction Camps
1.1.64. Construction Phase
Construction of camps will require clearance of vegetation and this will result in loss of
vegetation along the route. In addition waste will be produced at the camps including sewage and
petroleum product waste. The potential impacts are significant and negative.
During construction phase, the construction teams will interact with the nearby communities and
can cause social upheaval and transmit diseases (STDs, HIV/AIDS) to the communities living
along the route. However since the road has been in existence for a number of years, it is likely
that the community hasbeen exposed to a social change. The impact is therefore
considered moderate and negative.

1.1.65. Operational Phase

At the end of the rehabilitation project, construction camps will either be demolished or handed
over to the nearby communities and therefore the potential impact in this phase is considered
insignificant.

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS


A project such as construction of the shopping mall is likely to affect the environment and
community. The objective of this section is to predict and to assess these potential impacts of the
proposed project to international standard and to recommend mitigating measures to be
incorporated into the project design.
The assessment of the issues has been conducted according to a synthesis of criteria required by
the integrated environmental management procedure defined as follows:
Nature of Impact
This is an appraisal of the type of effect the proposed activity would have on the affected
environmental component. Its description should include what is being affected and in what way.
Direct Impact
An impact that appears immediately as a result of an activity of the project. For example, the loss
of forest habitat is a direct impact of logging.
Indirect Impact
An impact that is related to the project but that arises from an activity of the project at a
secondary level. For example, building a new runway may cause indirect impacts on the local
economy of a village by increasing accessibility to other markets.
Spatial Extent
The physical and spatial size of the impact. It is a description of whether the impact would occur
on a scale described as follows:
Site, the impact could affect the whole or measurable portion of the site. Whether it is limited to
the immediate area of the proposed project;

Local, the impact could affect the extended area adjacent to the site perhaps a neighborhood or
small town. Whether it would affect environs up to 15km outside the immediate environment;

Regional, that impact could affect the area including the outlying areas of the city, the transport
routes and the adjoining towns.

National, the impact could be as far reaching international boundaries.


Duration
The lifetime of the impact; this is measured in the context of the life-time of the proposed
development.
Short term, the impact will either disappear with mitigation or will be mitigated through natural
process in a span shorter than the construction phase.

Medium term, the impact will last for the period of the construction phase, thereafter it will be
entirely negated.

Long term, the impact will continue or last for the entire operational life of the development, but
will be mitigated by direct human action or by natural processes thereafter.

Permanent, the only class of impact which will be non-transitory. Mitigation either by man or
natural process will not occur in such a way or in such a time span that the impact can be
considered transient.
Intensity
A description of whether or not the intensity (magnitude) of the impact would be high, medium,
low or negligible (no impact). An attempt will be made to quantify the impacts on components of

the affected environment will be described as follows: Is the impact destructive, or benign? Does
it destroy theimpacted environment, alter its functioning, or slightly alter it? These are
rated as follows:

Low, where the impact will not have significant influence on the environment, and this will not
be required to be significantly accommodated in the project design or implementation; the
impact alters the affected environment in such a way that natural processes of functions are not
affected in any significant way.
Moderate, where it could have an adverse influence on the environment which would require
modification of the project design or alternative implementation schedules; The affected
environment is altered, however, function and process continue, albeit in a modified way.
High, where it could have significant influence on the environment but cannot be mitigated or be
accommodated by the project environment by introducing alternative mitigation measures such
as realignment at a particular stretch or adoption of different design measures. Function or
process of the environment is disturbed to the extent where it temporarily or permanently ceases.
This will be a relative evaluation within the context of all the activities and the other impacts
within the framework of the project. Note that some impacts have a high intensity and a short
duration with no permanent audio effects.
Probability
This describes the likelihood of the impacts actually occurring. The impact may occur for any
length of time during the life cycle of the activity, and not at any given time. The classes are
rated as follows:
Unlikely, the probability of the impact occurring is very low, due to either the circumstances,
design or experience.
Possible, the impact could possibly happen, and mitigation planning should be undertaken.
Probable, it is most likely that the impact will occur at some or other stage of the development.
Plans must be drawn up before the undertaking of the activity.

Definite, the impact will take place regardless of any prevention plans, and only mitigatory
actions or contingency plans can be relied on to contain the effect.
Determination of Significance
Significance is determined through a synthesis of impact characteristics or combination of
effects. Significance is an indication of the importance of the impact in terms of physical extent,
intensity and time scale, and therefore indicates the level of mitigation required.
The classes are rated as follows:
Negligible, the impact is not substantial and does not require any mitigatory action.
Low, the impact is of little importance, but may require limited mitigation.
Moderate, the impact is of importance and therefore considered to have mitigation. Mitigation is
required to reduce the negative impacts to acceptable levels or positive impacts maximized.
High, the impact is of great importance. Failure to mitigate, with the objective of reducing the
impact to acceptable levels, could render the entire development option or entire project proposal
unacceptable. Mitigation is therefore essential. Positive impacts should be enhanced as a priority.
From the baseline information assembled in the previous chapter coupled with the information
gained during the consultation stage, the expected environmental impacts can be categorised into
positive and negative impacts.
In addition, it is important to consider the duration of the impact and at what phase of the project
it occurs, i.e. impacts during the rehabilitation phase or impacts over the life of the runway
(operational phase) and whether the impacts are direct (i.e. removal of vegetation) or indirect
(increased deforestation as a result of the improved runway).
The direct impacts would be experienced mainly during the rehabilitation process, and include
effects on the physical environment, health and safety of the residents along the runway and the
construction workers during the rehabilitation phase.
The indirect impacts are primarily socio-economic and extend beyond the project
implementation. The indirect impacts include changes in economic activities and long-term

changes, such as increased land degradation due to increased settlement and development near
the runway.
Unlike the direct impacts, which occur in the immediate environment, the indirect impacts would
be felt in the adjacent regions.
Table of Evaluated Impacts:Phase
Impact

Type of Impact

Spatial

Duration

Intensity

Proba

n/a
Medium term

n/a
Low

n/a
Unlike

Extent
Impacts on Soil
Design
Construction

None
Change in soil

n/a
Direct

n/a
Site

trucks.
Direct

Site

Medium term

Moderate

Probable

Direct

Site

Medium term

Moderate

Probable

Direct

Site

Medium term

Moderate

Probable

texture due to
accumulation of
foreign dust
particles falling
from haulage
Soil
contamination
due to improper
storage of
materials, fuels
and poor waste
oil disposal
methods.
Exposed soil is
prone to erosion
by water or wind.
Stripping and
stockpiling of
topsoil could lead
to erosion and
degradation of

soil quality.
Soil compaction

Direct

Site

Medium term

Soil erosion near

Indirect

Local

Local

Long term

Moderate

Probable

could result
following
construction
activities.
Operational

Long term

Moderate

Possib

runway culverts
and drainage
channels where
water velocity
Soil

could increase.
Indirect

Moderate

Possible

contamination by
waste and
spillages of
aircraft.
Impacts on Vegetation

Design
Construction

None
Retardation of

n/a
Direct

n/a
Local

n/a
Medium term

n/a
Low

n/a
Unlike

vegetation growth
due to
contamination
from dust
particles and gas
Loss of vegetation

emissions.
Direct

due to site clearing


which will lead to
loss of habitat and
displacement of
fauna species,
especially avifauna.
Table of Evaluated Impacts

Local

Medium term

Moderate

Probable

Phase

Impact

Type of

Spatial Extent

Duration

Intensity

Proba

Site

Long term

Low

Possib

n/a
Site

n/a
Long term

n/a
Moderate

n/a
Possib

Site

Long term

Moderate

Possib

Impact
Impacts on Vegetation (Cont'd)
Operational
Increased access as a

Indirect

result of the
development of the
mall could lead to
increased
deforestation around
the mall.
Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat
Design
None
n/a
Construction
Disturbance to birds
Direct
and animals and loss
Operational

of habitat.
Wildlife loss due to

Indirect

accidental killings
caused by increased
traffic to the
Disruption to

shopping mall.
Direct

Local

Long term

Moderate

Possible

Site

Long term

Moderate

Possible

wildlife routes
due to quarries
and borrow pits
left in wildlife
areas without
rehabilitation.
Noise disturbance

Indirect

to wildlife due to
increased
vehicular traffic.
Impacts on Water Quality
Design
None

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Construction

Siltation of water

Indirect

Local

Long term

Moderate

Site

Long term

Moderate

Local

Long term

Moderate

courses due to soil


erosion of nearby
drains and culverts.
Ground water
Indirect
contamination due
to construction of
sub-standard
campsite pit
latrines for
Operational

workers.
Sedimentation and

Indirect

increased turbidity
in surface water
caused by erosion
of bare areas and
runoffs resulting
from excavation
and grading works
and drainage
channels left after
construction
works.
Table of Evaluated Impacts:
Phase

Impact

Impacts on Air Quality


Design
None
Construction
Air pollution caused
by diesel fumes and
dust from excavators,

Type of

Spatial

Impact

Extent

n/a
Direct

n/a
Local

Duration

Intensity

Proba

n/a
Short term

n/a
Moderate

n/a
Probab

bull dozers, graders


and as well as site
clearing will affect
human, vegetation and
also disturb habitats
for birds, animals and
insects.
Unpleasant odors Direct

Site

Short term

Moderate

Probable

due to unmaintained toilets


and poor waste
management.
Operational

Excessive diesel

Indirect

Site

Long term

Moderate

Possib

n/a
Direct

n/a
Site

n/a
Short term

n/a
Moderate

n/a
Probab

Indirect

Site

Long term

Low

Possib

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

fumes due to unmaintained


equipment fuel
stockpiles.
Impacts on Noise
Design
None
Construction
Noise and vibration
caused by construction
machinery, equipment
Operational

and drilling.
Noise from increased

vehicular traffic.
Impacts on Landscape and Aesthetics
Design
Visual impact of the
shopping mall could
be substantial if
designs do not
consider the slope of
the surrounding
environment.

MITIGATION MEASURES
This section proposes mitigation measures for identified potential impacts as discussed in earlier
chapters. Mitigation measures are actions that are intended to avoid, alleviate or reduce
environmental impacts on the environment. Mitigation measures form a basis on which an
Environmental Management Plan has been formulated. The mitigation measures are set forth to
maximize positive impacts and minimize negative impacts as a result of the proposed
development.
Mitigation Measures
Phase
Impacts on Land and Soil
Construction Phase

Impact

Mitigation Measure

Soil contamination due to


improper storage of materials,

Petroleum products dispensing

fuels and poor waste oil

points shall have drip pans;

disposal methods.
Storage of potential pollutants such as fuel, oil and chemicals should be done on sealed surfaces
to prevent soil contamination;

Collection and recycling of used oil & lubricants;

Petroleum storage tanks shall have bund walls around and shall be high enough to contain any
spillage.
Exposed soil is prone to erosion by water or
wind.

Protection of susceptible soil surface with mulch;

Limitation of earth moving to dry periods;

Protection of drainage channels by stone pitching;

Installation of sedimentation basins or planting of erodible surfaces as soon as possible.


Stripping and stockpiling of topsoil could lead
to

Exposed soil should be avoided by selective


soil stripping;

Proposed Measures to Address Concerns of the Communities around the Project area
1.1.66. Shopping Mall Site & its Surroundings
Detours, access Roads and equipment park site location shall be done in consultation with local
authority and with local people and shall take into account the existing land use in the areas.
1.1.67. Quarries & Borrow Pits
Quarries and borrow pits shall not be done near the communities. However, construction waste
may be reused for rehabilitation of the borrow pits.
1.1.68. Sitting of Construction Camps
Selection of camp sites shall be done in consultation with local authority and the local
community. This will help to deal with social upheavals such as temporary marriages, casual sex
relationships and more chances of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases due interaction.
There shall be sensitization to both construction workers and the local community on STDs and
HIV/AIDS using aids such as video shows, pamphlets. Further waste disposal from camp site
shall be done at sites designated by the Local Authority and ZEMA.
1.1.69. Abstraction of Water from Local Sources
Exploitation of water sources for rehabilitation works shall be done with approval by the local
authority and with consent from the local community. This will avoid conflicts and also to
receive support from the local community.

1.1.70. Drainage Design/Culverts


Drainage systems shall discharge into the nearby river basins where water may collect which
could then be available to other users.
1.1.71. Accidents & Black-Spots
Provision of ad1.1.72. Project Benefits to the Local Community
The Contractor shall ensure that the local people with the necessary skills are employed in the
construction and operation of the project.
1.1.73. Detour, By-pass, Lay-bys and Access Roads
Detours, access roads and equipment park site location shall be done in consultation with RDA
and local people and shall take into account the existing land use in the areas.
1.1.74. District/Community Role in the Project
The District/local community shall participate in the project through their local authority during
the project implementation phase. The KML shall ensure that the local authority becomes part of
the project monitoring team during the implementation of the mitigation measures by the
Contractor in those areas under the jurisdiction of the local authority. A report on the contractor's
performance prepared by the KML shall also be made available to the affected in the respective
local authorities. The major communities around project area, which should be considered as part
of the project monitoring team, are the flats residential flats near the project.This will ensure that
the community's concerns expressed during the scoping report and stated in this report are not
overlooked. equate warning signs in black spot areas and speed retarders will be used

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN


Introduction
The EIA Regulations state that the developer must provide an Environmental Management and
Monitoring Plan. An EMP is a document where all the measures that are required for
environmental protection, which will include the mitigation measures and the monitoring plan,
will be found for easy reference. The aim of an environmental management plan is to avoid,
minimise, or ameliorate effects or impacts resulting from project implementation and where
possible, enhance beneficial effects.
In reality, the environmental management plan seeks to limit the interaction of disturbed with
undisturbed lands and through the various process of shopping mall construction, restore the
disturbed land to a pre-determined form of land-use or to a productivity level similar to that
occurring prior to disturbance.
Environmental Management Plan
Environmental management is carried out in all stages of the Project namely; Pre-construction,
Construction and Operational. The key stakeholders in the environmental management activities
are: KML, the contractor, India Environmental Management Agency, Government agencies,
Local Authorities, the affected Local Communities, the shopping mall users and to some extent
the Public.
The Environmental Management Plan for the management of the identified environmental
impacts associated with this project consists of three main components:
1. Implementing the Impact Mitigation Plan
2. Monitoring the implementation of the EMP
3. Institutional Framework for Monitoring, Reporting and Supervision of EMP
1.1.75. Impact Mitigation Plan
The impact mitigation plan allocates the responsibilities for implementation of the proposed
mitigation measures to the various stakeholders and indicates at what stage in the project they
should be performed. The Plan is presented in this chapter under Section 12.3 and it addresses

the negative impacts generated by the construction works and presents the associated cost
estimates of mitigating the adverse impacts. The key components of the proposed impact
mitigation plan are:

Land and Soil


Vegetation
Water Quality
Air Quality
Noise
Landscape and Aesthetics
Land-use and Surrounding Environment
Socio-economic issues
Cultural and Historic Sites
Human Settlements
Quarries and Borrow Pits
Work Accidents
Construction Camps
Road Traffic

Surface Water Management


Surface water is an important component of both ecological and human use of the land. The aim
of the surface water management programme is to ensure that where practical, flows into and
through the project site and the nearby streams are maintained and that water quality to these
systems is maintained.
Erosion Control and Sediment Retention
The highly flocculated nature of the soils in the project areas indicates that they are prone to
erosion in a disturbed state. According, and whereappropriate, all surface runoff from areas of
disturbance and areas with elevated runoff coefficient will be directed by correctly designed
drainage system, to sediment traps with sufficient volume and retention time to maximise
settlement of suspended sediment prior to release.
The drains will be designed according to the characteristics of peak flows for the pre-determined
design storm, and the requirement to discharge flows without causing erosion.
Vegetation and Flora

A number of management initiatives will be implemented to reduce potential impacts and


disturbance to flora and vegetation. These include:
Raising awareness in the workforce about conservation issues and legal obligations of
construction workers by structuring the environmental awareness programme to include issues
relating specifically to project site.
Designing the project layout to reduce the area of clearing required.
Clearly marking and restricting access to areas of high conservation value.
Providing adequate drainage control systems around the runway and access tracks constructed as
part of the project.
Establishing an efficient dust suppression plan in all areas where the generation of dust has been
identified as an environmental management issue.
Retaining topsoil, and vegetation wherever possible during clearing for use during restoration.
Progressively rehabilitating disturbed areas as they become available and are no longer required
for project operations.

Fauna
Experience indicates that fauna adapt readily to the general effects of project operations.
However; it is most likely that the more mobile species will tend to move away from the areas of
greatest activity during construction but will return during the operation of the airport runway.
Restricting disturbance and clearing of habitats to the minimum required for safe and efficient
operations.
Progressively rehabilitating disturbed areas to re-establish habitats;
Declaring a 50m no-go buffer zone around the project area to prevent disturbance.
Construction Waste

Construction waste will be generated as a result of the shopping mall construction. All
construction waste that has been generated will be recycled or placed in designated disposal sites
and covered with soil.
Noise.
Noise management will be limited to standard sound retarding devices on all operational vehicles
as recommended by the manufacturer. Noise generated from operations at the project site is not
expected to impact on local communities due to the distances between the operations area and
areas of habitation. However, ABC mall limited and ZEMA will investigate any noise complaints
received.
Management of Air Quality
Throughout the construction of the shopping mall standard water trucks will use water to
suppress dust. The water trucks will continually apply water to potential dust generation areas
such as the main detours and borrow pit area.
Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation will be ongoing and progressively throughout the life of the project. Evidence to
date indicates that the re-vegetation of disturbed areas will be both natural and rapid. As the first
principle of rehabilitation is long term stability, practices that address this issue will be
implemented as part of long-term approaches.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
Fire hydrants will be installed in strategic locations in the Mall to fight fires that may break out.
If the fire will be insurmountable for the fire hydrants, the Noida City Council Fire Brigade will
be contacted on 993 for back up.
The Mall will have fire extinguishers and hydrants for the purpose of putting off fires. The mall
will also have clearly marked assembly points in the event of fire where people will be
requiredtoassemble. The managers office will direct response to fire but only in the absence of
fire men. Announcements will be made through the public address system at the mall.

In case of no-fire environmental emergencies, the Mall Manager or his designate will contact the
ZEMA emergency response team2 for resources and backup.

DECOMMISSIONING AND CLOSURE PLAN


At closure, the ABC Shopping Mall steel infrastructure, brick structures and foundations will be
dismantled to 500 mm below ground level. Saleable items will be sold at market values.
Redundant equipment will be sold as scrap or disposed off-site at an approved waste disposal
site.
Mobile equipment, pumps, motors, valves, pipes, transformers, electric cables, containers will be
dismantled and/or removed to a secure storage area awaiting sale to the local community,
businesses and scrap metal dealers.
Certain of the Project buildings and Mall structures (after removal of process Mall and
decontamination) could be adapted for sustainable use including small business enterprise, light
industry and/or warehouse use. The local community and businesses will be consulted in this
regard prior to closure. This Decommission and Closure Plan assumes that the whole Project site
will dismantled and removed. Finally, the Mall site will be leveled, re-profiled and re-vegetated.
The proposed closure cost estimates were based on the current market prices and costs of labour.
These shall be updated with annual inflation and major economic changes.
Decommissioning and Closures Cost Estimates
Activity

Responsible Personnel
General

1)

Administrative

expenses

Manager

Cost (ZMK)
and 10,500,000

Environmental Officer

such as salaries and bills


during the Decommissioning
and Closures Phase

General
2) Acquisition of applicable

Manager

Environmental Officer

and 15,500,000

permits,

preparation

of

necessary statutory reports and


any consultancy services.

General
3)

Demolition

and

Manager

and 20,000,000

Environmental Officer

Levelling/re-profiling the area.

General
4) Removal of all the steel
scrap,

non-steel

scrap

alternative uses or disposal.

Total Costs

for

Manager

Environmental Officer

and 10,500,000

Impact Mitigation Plan

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions to be

Monitoring

Authority

Cost of

taken for its

frequency and

Responsible

Mitigation

implementation

indicators

KML

Concrete loading

Impact on Land and Soil


Soil
contamination
due to improper
storage of
materials, fuels
and poor waste
oil disposal
methods.

Petroleum

To trap any fuel

Petroleum

Construction

products

or oil spillage

products

Phase

dispensing points

from getting to

dispensing points

shall have drip

the soil.

shall be inspected

pans and oil

and approved by

absorbents ;

DCA Officers

bay

Drip pans and oil


absorbents put in
place

Approx US$
200/m3

from MTC before


commissioning.

Storage of potential

To avoid direct

Sites for storage of

pollutants such as

contact of soil with

fuel, oil and

fuel, oil and

oil, fuel and

chemicals shall be

Construction Phase
Surfaces shall be
sealed

KML/ZEMA

Tanks to be placed on
concrete hard
standing.

chemicals should be

chemicals in case of

inspected and

done on sealed

accident.

approved by KML

surfaces to prevent

Officers from ZEMA

soil contamination;

before

Concrete @
US$200/m3

commissioning.

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions
taken

to

be Monitoring

for

its frequency

implementation

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impact on Land and Soil


Exposed soil is
prone to erosion
by water or wind.

Installation

of To

sedimentation

trap

soil Mitigation

Construction

particles from the measures

for Phase

basins or planting current of the fast impacts on soils


of

erodible flowing water.

KML

shall be part of

surfaces as soon

the

contract

as possible.

Document

with

the contractor.

Installation

Consultant
of

Excavate

in

common soils @
US$3/m3

sedimentation

Excavate in rock

basins

@ US$50/m3

Stripping
stockpiling

and
of

topsoil could lead


to

erosion

and

degradation

of

soil quality.

Exposed

soil To prevent highly Mitigation

Construction

should be avoided prone soils from measures


by selective soil getting
stripping;

this Phase

exposed impact is part of

to erosion.

the

contract

Document

with

the contractor.

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions
taken

Contractor

to
for

KML

Selective

soil

stripping will be

Consultant

done

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

US$2/m3

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impact on Land and Soil


Soil erosion near
culverts

and

drainage channels
where

water

velocity

could

increase.

Soil

erosion To control soil Programme

should

be erosion and check Shopping

prevented
especially

for Operational Phase KML


mall

for culverts and drainage


near drainage channels maintenance shall

culverts

by requiring

construction

of

be developed and

headwalls,

Culvert
construction will
be

done

specific

Concrete

to

design

aprons,
walls
US$200/m3

wing@

correctly

attention.

made available.

and standard

designed culverts;

Regular maintenance To prevent clogging Mitigation measures Construction Phase


of

culverts

& of the culverts & the this impact is part of

drainage channels;

drainage system by the

contract

debris carried with Document with the


water flow.

Impact

contractor

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

schedule will be put


in place

to
for

implementation

maintenance

US$50/m

Consultant

be Monitoring
its frequency

Linear

of the culverts @

Regular maintenance KML

Actions
taken

Contractor

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Vegetation
Retardation

of Dust control by

vegetation growth application


due

to water;

contamination
from

dust

particles and gas

of

To suppress dust Mitigation


generation

measures

Construction
this Phase

impact is part of
the

contract

The ground will


be watered

KML

Water bowsers to
water

gravel

DCAs @ U$50/hr

emissions.

Document

with

the contractor

Haulage trucks shall


not exceed the speed
limit of 60km per
hour.

To reduce the amount Mitigation measures Construction Phase


of dust generation.

this impact is part of


the

contract

Document with the

Speed

limited

KML

N/A

to

60km per hour

contractor

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions
taken

to
for

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat


Disturbance

to

birds and animals


and
habitat.

loss

of

Construction
should

To reduce on the Mitigation


be extent of the area measures

Construction
this Phase

confined to the to be impacted impact is part of


proposed site

upon.

the

contract

Document

with

Construction will
be restricted to

Contractor
KML

Haulage

of

suitable

gravel

from

outside

game

area

the contractor

Noisy activities to be To

reduce

sleep Mitigation measures Construction Phase

scheduled to occur disturbance to birds this impact is part of


within
normal

prescribed and animals.

the

working

Construction

contract

only

contractor

Mitigation

Objective

Contractor

Haulage of suitable
gravel from outside
game

Consultant

area

US$0.35/m3. km

Local Authority

Actions

Measure

US$0.35/m3. km

will KML

restricted to day time

Document with the

hours.

Impact

the proposed site

taken

to
for

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

Authority

Cost

and Responsible

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat


Wildlife loss due
to

accidental

killings caused by
speeding traffic

There

shall

adherence
speed

be To control over- Provision


to speeding through speed
provision

retarders

of and humps along

warning signs & the roads


mounting

of Operational Phase Police

of

Speed limit will


be used

Traffic Speed humps @

Patrol Unit
Local authority

US$500/ each

speed
traps.

control Partial fencing of


shopping mall

Noise disturbance
to wildlife due to
increased

Control of noisy To monitor and Enforcement


activities on site control

vehicular traffic

of Operational Phase Local Authority

noise local by-laws.

Local laws will ZEMA

(through local by- generation.

be applied

laws);

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions
taken

to
for

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

Authority
and Responsible

Working
limited

hours
to

day

light only.

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Water Quality


Siltation of water
courses
soil

due

to

erosion

of

nearby drains and


culverts.

Sides

of

the To filter of the Mitigation

drainage shall be sediment particles measures

Construction
this Phase

planted with grass in the fast flowing impact is part of


or stone pitched;

rain water with the

contract

grass and also to Document

with

Contractor
KML

Grassing

US$3/m2

Operational
Phase
Stone

Stone pitching @
pitching

avoid erosion of the contractor

will be used

US$50/m2

soil surfaces by
stone pitching.

Drainage
shall

systems To reduce the current Mitigation measures Construction Phase

have

scour of rainwater flow.

checks;

this impact is part of


the

Operational Phase

contract

Contractor

Using stone masonry


at US$12 each

KML

Document with the The drainage will


have scour checks
contractor

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Measure

Actions
taken

to
for

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Water Quality (Cont'd)


Siltation of water
courses
soil

due

to

erosion

of

nearby drains and

Silt traps shall be To protect surface Mitigation


put

along water

pollution measures

Construction
this Phase

Contractor
KML

Approx US$10/m

culverts.

drainage systems;

through filtering impact is part of Operational


finest particles in the
water current.

contract Phase

Document

with

the contractor

Silt traps will be


used

along

the

drainage

Spoon drains shall To control excessive Mitigation measures Construction Phase


have scour checks.

flow and risks of provided for impacts


erosion.

on

Water

Quality

Contractor

Operational Phase

US$15 each

KML

shall be part of the Spoon drains will be


overall
contract provided with scour
checks

Document
Water shortage to
the

local

community due to
over exploitation
for

construction

works.

Exploitation

of To avoid conflicts Mitigation

water sources for and


construction
works
done

shall

receive measures

be local community.
with

authority

the

Contractor

this Phase

support from the impact is part of

approval by the
local

to

Construction

contract

Document

with

the contractor

Permit
obtained

KML
will

be
for

obstruction rights

Nominal
exploitation when
works

are

reconstruction

not

and consent from


the
community.

local

Impact

Mitigation

Objective

Actions

Measure

taken

to
for

be Monitoring
its frequency

implementation

Authority
and Responsible

Cost

of

Mitigation

indicators

Impacts on Water Quality (Cont'd)


Ground

water

contamination
due

to

construction

of

sub-standard
campsite

pit

latrines

for

Proper siting of To

filter Mitigation

Construction

pit latrines away pollutants

from measures

Phase

from

water getting

logged areas;

to

the provided

ground water.

for

impacts on Water
Quality shall be
part of the overall

workers.

KML

Water
areas

Contractor

VIP

latrine

US$600 each

logged
will

be

avoided for siting

contract
Document

with

contractor

Good

hygienic To

promote Mitigation measures Construction Phase

standards and proper cleanliness and avoid provided for impacts


maintenance of pit epidemics
latrines.

in on

construction camps.

Water

Quality

shall be part of the


overall

contract

Public

health

and KML

good health practice


will be used

Contractor

Cleaning activities @
US$150/ month

document with the


contractor

Sedimentation

and

increased turbidity in
surface water caused
by erosion of bare
areas

and

resulting
excavation

runoffs
from
and

grading works and


drainage

channels

left after construction


works.

Excavated soils shall To

make

use

of Mitigation measures Construction Phase

be used for other available soils and provided for impacts


works

such

backfilling

as reduce on creating on
more

bare

Water

areas shall be part of the

which are prone to overall


soil erosion.

Quality
contract

Document with the


contractor

Contractor

Excavated soils will KML


be

used

backfilling

to

for

Institutional Framework for Monitoring, Reporting &


Supervision
1.1.76. Establishment of Collaborating Network
In order to ensure that the identified environmental issues are addressed both during and after
construction of the shopping mall there will be need by the ABC mall limited to collaborate with
key stakeholders. The collaborating network should also involve representatives from the
affected local authorities ( Noida City Council), representatives of District Development Coordinating Committees, representatives of CBOs in affected project area and representatives of
the India Environmental Management Agency. The main objective of this collaborating network
is to ensure that the Contractor is properly implementing mitigation measures outlined in the
contracts and also that ABC mall supervision is complemented by encouraging greater use of
local authorities and local community as part of project monitoring team. The main
responsibilities of the collaborating network will be to:
Complement the efforts for continuous monitoring and assessment of the implementation of the
environmental management plan by ABC mall limited and other relevant institutions;
Assist in the sensitization of the local communities with regard to environmental problems and
their obligation;
Liaise with respective local communities on environmental issues which may arise during the
reconstruction and operation of the shopping mall.

1.1.77. Monitoring Arrangements


To avoid deliberate creation of gaps between what is reflected in the mitigation plan and what
actually gets implemented on the ground, the contracts must spell out the sanctions for noncompliance with mitigation measures. Monitoring will involve field visits by ABC mall limited
staff accompanied by representatives from the local authority in the affected area being visited.
The rationale to involve the local authority members in monitoring in their area of jurisdiction is
to ensure greater use and participation of local community in project monitoring. This approach

is alsoto ensure that the particular project concerns expressed by the communities
during the public consultation meeting (EIA Scoping exercise) receive attention in
the project implementation.

1.1.78. Reporting Procedure and Flow of Information


The ABC Mall Limited will compile a quarterly Environmental Report from the field visits that
will form the basis for assessment of environmental performance. The report will contain the
results of the environmental monitoring and the need for plan adjustment. The report will be
circulated to local authorities in the affected project areas and to other key stakeholders for
review and comment. If there are any comments from the stakeholders these will be
communicated to ABC shopping mall limited for possible follow up and for possible corrective
action to be undertaken by the Contractor. The key stakeholders are outlined in Table 12.1 on
Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities.
1.1.79. Construction Phase
All major stakeholders in the Project have a monitoring role and responsibility during the
construction phase. However, only the Consultant, the India

environmental Management

Agency (ZEMA), ABC Mall Limited are allocated specific and formal monitoring obligations.
During the construction phase, ABC Mall Limited will ensure that the contractor implement the
mitigation measures recommended in the EIS. Further, the ABC mall limited will ensure that
construction workers are sensitized with regard to environmental problems and their obligation.
In addition, ABC mall limited will liaise with respective government agencies such as local
authorities in the affected areas and India Environmental Management Agenc on environmental
issues, which may arise during the construction of the shopping mall phase.
Traffic police, RDA, Forestry Department, health authorities and other public authorities will
automatically monitor some of the effects of the Project during their daily work. This
information should on a regular basis be collected andanalysed by those with a formal
monitoring responsibility such as the ZEMA staff. The following table illustrates the different
stakeholders and their monitoring responsibilities and reporting.
Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities

RESPONSIBLE

PARAMETERS

ORGANISATION

MONITORED

TO

BE OUTPUT

ZEMA
Overall

environmental Discussions with ABC mall

performance of the Project

limited/
Site Engineer

ABC shopping mall/contractor


Monitoring the implementation Regular
of EMP

environmental

progress reports to stakeholders

Overall environmental performance of the Project

Contractor/Site Engineer
Construction
materials

methods

and Regular

environmental

progress reports to ZEMA


Incident reports as and when
required (Pollution, accidents,
etc.) by ABC shopping mall

Implementation of mitigating measures for air, water, soil, traffic, Noise, vegetation, etc.

Environmental management of worksites

Environmental management of construction camps

Environmental management of quarries and borrow pits

Contractors waste management

Rehabilitation of abandoned worksites

Table on Monitoring and Reporting Responsibilities (Cont'd)


RESPONSIBLE

PARAMETERS

ORGANISATION

MONITORED

TO

BE OUTPUT

Contractor/Site Engineer
Performance
equipment

of

Contractors Regular environmental progress


reports to ZEMA
Incident reports as and when
required (Pollution, accidents,
etc.) by ABCn mall limited

Accidents (traffic, pollution spills, etc.)

Community relations

Negative social and environmental impacts

Gender balance in employment

Contractor
Environmental performance of
equipment

Implementation of mitigating measures

Occupational health and safety

Traffic and worksite accidents

Maintenance records
Accidents reports
Mitigating actions
Log sheet records

Air quality

ZEMA
Conducting spot checks on the impacts
on vegetation and wildlife

Instructions to the Contractor and the


Consultant/Site Engineer

Impacts on Cultural and Historic Sites

Instructions to the Contractor and the


Consultant/Site Engineer

Impacts on vegetation and trees

Instructions to the Contractor and the


Consultant/Site Engineer

Traffic accidents

Police reports and instructions to


Contractor

Negative social and environmental


impacts

Complaints to Contractor and


Consultant/Site

NHCC

Forestry Department

Traffic Police

Traffic nuisances

Traffic safety measures


Local authorities

1.1.80. Operational Phase


The local authorities, ZEMA, the Forest Department, Department of Agriculture, water affairs as
well as the Road Development Agency should be responsible for monitoring and management of
all indirect impacts occurring after the construction of the shopping mall.
It is proposed that a working relationship is established between ZEMA, the local business
associations and the mall user groups to ensure appropriate accident monitoring during
operational phase

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


Conclusions
The findings from the Environmental Impact Assessment show that although the proposed
shopping mall is expected to have a number of negative impacts on the environment, most of
these are anticipated to occur during the construction phases and are mitigated in the overall
shopping mall design. Generally, the proposed shopping mall is planned to follow most efficient
environmental management systems thus the potential impacts are therefore reduced.

Recommendations
The study has proposed an Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan (EMP) to address
the management of the identified environmental issues associated with the project .The plan
consists of implementing the listed components stated below as follows:
1. Implementing the Impact Mitigation Plan
2. Monitoring the implementation of the EMP
3. Institutional Framework for Monitoring, Reporting and Supervision of EMP

The mitigation of the negative impacts on biophysical environment will be part of the shopping
mall design. The negative social impacts will require some level of intervention as outlined
below:
Improvement and expansion of social facilities and services
Collaboration with local stakeholders to counter social upheavals
Sex education campaigns to fight HIV/AIDS threats
Provision of alternative social services, facilities and jobs for local people affected by the project.
The mitigation measures will require constant information flow and consultation with the
stakeholders to ensure the least adverse social-economic impact from the project. The project
area of influence outweigh the no-development scenario. The project is therefore being
recommended for implementation assuming the incorporation of the recommended mitigating
measures and implementation of the Impact Mitigation Plan.