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MV line protection

Follow the guide


and the arrow to identify
the place of this document
within the detailed table of
contents of part 2-3 a)

2-3 ELECTRICAL NETWORK SELECTION GUIDE


a) Power circuit

1.

MV/LV sensors and accessories

2.

Protections

ID
GU E

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

Definitions
Short-circuit currents
Grounding systems
Selectivity
Protection relays
The MV fuse
MV line protection
Which Sepam should be used for the MV line protection?
The answer is given in the following pages.

2.8 MV transformer protection


2.9 MV motor protection
2.10 MV generator protection
2.11 MV capacitor bank protection
2.12 MV bus tie protection
2.13 Reserved for later use
2.14 Further information on specific protections

3.

Measuring apparatus

4.

Metering apparatus

5.

Recording apparatus

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95
Merlin Gerin Modicon Square D Telemecanique

MV line protection

SELECTION TABLE:
MV line incomer

elect in the table below the corresponding protection schematic


sheet, according to the grounding system, the type of network,
and relays.

type of
network

RESISTANCE GROUNDING
on upstream
MV network

UNGROUNDED NEUTRAL

configuration
control
by

withdrawable circuit breaker (2)

OVERHEAD
or
UNDERGROUND

remote transmission

remote transmission

without

MG (JBus)

without

MG (JBus)

Sepam
1000

Sepam
2000

Sepam
1000

Sepam
2000

LI03

LI01

LI05

LI02

single incomer fixed circuit breaker (1)

see selection table on page 4

fixed switch (1)

2 incomers in // withdrawable circuit breaker (2)

LI04

important:
the solutions proposed in this document are for general use.
They are a direct application of the MV protection guide ref.: CG0021X
(binder C, chapter 1, topic 3).
These elements are to be used as a basic solution for tenders. They could
be also adapted to specific requirements of customer specifications.
Sepam 2000 can be use without remote transmission.
note (1): compartmented switchgear and controlgear with non-metallic partitions (SM6).
Metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear in which components are arranged in separate
compartments as for metal-clad switchgear and controlgear, but with one or more non-metallic
partitions (IEC 298).
note (2): metal-clad switchgear and controlgear.
Metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear in which components are arranged in separate
compartments with metal partitions intended to be earthed (IEC 298).

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95
page 2

MV line protection

SELECTION TABLE:
MV line feeder

elect in the table below the corresponding protection schematic


sheet, according to the grounding system, the type of network,
and relays.

RESISTANCE GROUNDING
on upstream
MV network

UNGROUNDED NEUTRAL

type of
network
control
by

OVERHEAD
or
UNDERGROUND

withdrawable circuit breaker (2)

remote transmission

remote transmission

without

MG (JBus)

without

MG (JBus)

Sepam
1000

Sepam
2000

Sepam
1000

Sepam
2000

LF03

LF01

LF04

LF02

fixed circuit breaker (1)

see selection table on page 5


fixed switch (1)

important:
the solutions proposed in this document are for general use.
They are a direct application of the MV protection guide ref.: CG0021X
(binder C, chapter 1, topic 3).
These elements are to be used as a basic solution for tenders. They could
be also adapted to specific requirements of customer specifications.
Sepam 2000 can be use without remote transmission.
note (1): compartmented switchgear and controlgear with non-metallic partitions (SM6).
Metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear in which components are arranged in separate
compartments as for metal-clad switchgear and controlgear, but with one or more non-metallic
partitions (IEC 298).
note (2): metal-clad switchgear and controlgear.
Metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear in which components are arranged in separate
compartments with metal partitions intended to be earthed (IEC 298).

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95
page 3

MV line protection

SELECTION TABLE:
MV line incomer
with cubicle type SM6

elect in the table below the corresponding protection schematic


sheet, according to the grounding system, the type of network,
and relays.

step 1: selection of the protection schematic sheet


step 2: corresponding accessories proposed

step 1

1 local-remote switch

LI14

low voltage compartment 100 mm

additional inclosure on top of cubicle

VIP

LI09
LI12 LI13

with release (2)

Sepam 1000

LI07
LI08

2 push buttons

DM1

with release (1)

Sepam 2000

LI06

(3)

accessories

2 signalling lamps

single
incomer

(3)

moto.

auxiliary contacts
0

LI11 LI10

IM

LV compts

RI
manual

without release

with
remote
transm.

RH110

J
Bus

Sepam 1000

without
remote transmission

CIT

step 2

UNDERGROUND

or

OVERHEAD

step 1

control
by

Sepam 2000

J
Bus

RV112

configuration

VIP

type of
network

type of control

UNGROUNDED
NEUTRAL

STATIMAX

RESISTANCE
GROUNDING
on upstream
MV network

B
B

O = Optional extra
B = Basic proposal

note (1): shunt trip opening release.


note (2): opening and closing release.
note (3): on this page, the relay is optional.
If you need this relay, you have to add a low voltage compartment 100 mm
on the cubicle.

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95
page 4

MV line protection

SELECTION TABLE:
MV line feeder with
cubicle type SM6

elect in the table below the corresponding protection schematic


sheet, according to the grounding system, the type of network,
and relays.

step 1: selection of the protection schematic sheet


step 2: corresponding accessories proposed

step 1

1 local-remote switch

(3)

LF06
LF08

LF07
LF11 LF12

LF13

low voltage compartment 100 mm

VIP

additional inclosure on top of cubicle

with release (2)


B

auxiliary contacts
0

accessories

2 push buttons

LF05

moto.

with release (1)

without release

Sepam 1000

RH110

Sepam 2000

(3)

RI
manual

LF10 LF09

IM

DM1

RV112

with
remote
transm.

Sepam 1000

J
Bus

LV compts

2 signalling lamps

or

without
remote transmission

CIT

step 2

UNDERGROUND

OVERHEAD

step 1

control
by

Sepam 2000

J
Bus

VIP

type of
network

type of control

UNGROUNDED
NEUTRAL

STATIMAX

RESISTANCE
GROUNDING
on upstream
MV network

B
B

O = Optional extra
B = Basic proposal

note (1): shunt trip opening release.


note (2): opening and closing release.
note (3): on this page, the relay is optional.
If you need this relay, you have to add a low voltage compartment 100 mm
on the cubicle.

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95
page 5

MV line protection

SYMBOLS USED
Sepam 1000
or 2000
Sepam

Sepam 100RT
Sepam
100RT

isolating
supervision
relay

THR

ring current transformer

earth

MV current
transformer

testing box

MV voltage
transformer
transformer
zero sequence
generator
MV/LV voltage
transformer with
two secondary windings
MV motor

grounding plate
for THR

resistor

MV fuse

MV circuit breaker
MV load switch
MV contactor

P1

MV generator
voltage test
lamp

ANSI CODE LEXICON

date

02/9
C23

a) 27
ed

revis

12/95

MV capacitor

27
32
37
38/49
46
47
49
50
50G
50N
51
51G
51N
51LR
51V
59
59N
66
67
67N
81
87B
87G
87L
87M
87REF
87T
74/94

earth switch

: undervoltage
: directional power
: undercurrent
: temperature measure
: reverse phase / phase balance current
: phase sequence
: thermal image
: instantaneous overcurrent
: instantaneous zero sequence overcurrent on ring CT
: instantaneous zero sequence overcurrent on CT
: time delay overcurrent
: time delay zero sequence overcurrent on ring CT
: time delay zero sequence overcurrent on CT
: rotor jamming and too long start-up
: overcurrent with voltage restraint
: overvoltage
: zero sequence overvoltage
: number of start-ups
: directional current
: directional zero sequence
: maximum or minimum frequency
: busbars differential
: generator differential
: line differential
: motor differential
: restricted earth fault differential
: transformer differential
: transformer monitoring
page 6