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ISO Cyber Security and ICT

SCRM Standards

ACSAC Conference
December, 2010

Agenda
Cyber Security Standards and ICT SCRM Standards Landscape

ISO Cyber Security Standards Portfolio


ICT SCRM and Software Supply Chain Standards

The Landscape

Within the ISO structure, ISO/IEC JTC1 SC27 focuses on cyber


security

ISO/IEC
Joint Technical Committee 1
(Information Technology)
Subcommittee 27 (SC27)
(IT Security Techniques)

Working Group 1
Information Security
Management Systems

Working Group 2
Cryptography and
Security Mechanisms

Working Group 3
Security Evaluation
Criteria

Working Group 5
Identity Management
and Privacy
Technologies

Working Group 4
Security Controls and
Services

Within the US CS1 focuses on Cyber, while SC7 TAG works in


system and software engineering

ISO/IEC Information Security Management System (ISMS)

Governance (WG1)
Terminology

Family of Standards (WG1)

Guidelines

Requirements

ISO/IEC 27000 Overview and Vocabulary

ISO/IEC 27001
ISMS Requirements

ISO/IEC 27002
Code of Practice
ISO/IEC 27004
Measurement

ISO/IEC 27003
ISMS Guidelines

ISO/IEC 27006
Audit & Certification Requirements

ISO/IEC 27007
Audit
Guidelines

ISO/IEC 27008
Guidance for auditors
on ISMS controls

ISO/IEC 27005
Risk Management

ISO/IEC 2700X (concept)


Sector-Specific Guidelines

Security Engineering (WG3)


Implementation (WG4)

Tamper Protection
Study Period
ISO/IEC 15408 Common Criteria

ISO/IEC 21913 Secure


System Engineering
Principles and Techniques

ISO/IEC 20004-Secure software development and


evaluation under ISO/IEC 15408 and ISO/IEC 18405

ISO/IEC 27036
Supplier Relationships
ISO/IEC 27034
Application Security
ISO/IEC 27033
Network Security

ISO/IEC JTC1 SC7, System and Software Engineering


Relationship of Key Life Cycle Process Standards
24748: Guide to Life Cycle Management
Other
standards
providing
details of
selected SW
processes

Source: J. Moore, SC7


Liaison Report, IEEE
Software and Systems
Engineering Standards
Committee, Executive
Committee Winter
Plenary Meeting,
February 2007.

Revised 12207:
Life cycle
processes for
SW

Revised
15289:
Documentation

Interoperation
Revised
16326:
Project
Mgmt
Revised
15939:
Measurement

Revised 15288:
Life cycle
processes for
systems

Other
standards
providing
details of
selected
system
processes

15026:
Additional
practices for
higher
assurance
systems

Assurance
Case

Revised
16085:
Risk
Mgmt
Common vocabulary, process architecture, and process description conventions

SC22 Programming Languages, ISO/IEC TR 24772, Programming


Language Vulnerabilities
Targets building software that is inherently less vulnerable through improving the programming
languages, or, at least, improve the usage of them in coding
A catalog of 60+ issues that arise in coding when using any language and how those issues
may lead to security and safety vulnerabilities
Cross-referenced to CWE
Each discussion includes
Description of the mechanism of failure
Recommendations for programmers: How to avoid or mitigate the problem.
Recommendations for standardizers: How to improve programming language specifications.
First edition will be published in 2010
Second edition will add annexes specific to particular programming languages
Courtesy of Jim Moore, MITRE

Over the past 2 years one of the focus areas for the US has been
ICT SCRM standards
ICT SCRM And Hoc Group was established in February 2009

Joint group between CS1 and SC7 TAG


Substantial industry and government participation
Contributed ICT SCRM-related content to several new and under revision standards
(ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 27002, ISO/IEC 27036)

Developed consensus-based USNB proposal for ICT Supply Chain Assurance Standard and
presented at SC27 meeting in November 2009
Based on the US proposal a Study Period was established to explore the need to develop ICT
Supply Chain Security Standard

The following slides tell the story of what happened at the conclusion of the study period

Study Period was active for a year with the report briefed out in
October 2010 at SC27 meeting in Berlin
Inputs

ICT Supply Chain Study Period Report


National Body contributions Japan and UK
ISF proposal for a joint standard to address information security in Third Party relationships
US Goals
US had a strong going in position that a standard is needed

When we arrived
Four sets of meetings were scheduled to discuss:

ISF proposal
ICT Supply Chain Security Study Period Results
ISO/IEC 27036, Guidelines for Security of Outsourcing 3rd WD review
Cloud Computing Security Proposal

We were worked with SC27 leadership and delegates to sequence these meetings to
ensure logical flow and to allow for attendance by all interested parties

Tuesday Afternoon
ICT SCRM Study Period

Wednesday
ICT SCRM Study Period

Thursday
ISO/IEC 27036
ICT SCRM Study Period

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Attendance of these meetings and discussion by delegates


exceeded expectations
Heads of Delegation / Experts from
following national Bodies
Belgium
Canada

Liaison Officers
ISF
ISACA

France
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Malaysia
Russia

Singapore
South Africa
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States of America

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Results exceeded expectations too the group decided that


Current ISO/IEC 27036 was too narrow, and a broader standard was needed to address all
concerns related to ensuring information security in supplier relationships
ISF proposal and results of ICT Supply Chain Security Study Period provided good material for
restructuring and expanding ISO/IEC 27036
ICT SCRM Study Period should be closed
ISO/IEC 27036 should be restructured into a 4-part standard with the following new title:
Information technology Security techniques Information Security for Supplier
Relationships

Part 1 Overview and Concepts(ISF proposal, 27036), to introduce the topic


Part 2 Common Requirements (ISF proposal, 27036), to provide requirements that
acquirers can use in contracts
Part 3 Guidelines for ICT Supply Chain (study period outcomes), to address ICT SCRM
specifically
Part 4 Guidelines for Outsourcing (placeholder for the current text, remain at WD3 to
determine future course of action)

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Expanded ISO/IEC 27036 scope


This international standard covers information security in relationships between acquirers and
suppliers to provide appropriate information security management for all parties. In particular,
it also includes management of information security risks related to these relationships.
This International Standard applies to all types of organisations (e.g., commercial enterprises,
public sector organisations, not-for-profit organisations, and partnerships). It specifies the
information security requirements and guidance associated with managing a supplier
relationship (e.g., identifying and categorizing suppliers; agreeing, monitoring, validating, and
changing supplier arrangements; and exiting).
This International Standard covers all types of supplier relationships, including outsourcing,
product and service acquisition, and cloud computing. The intent of this standard is that
supplier relationships cover ICT and other types of supplier relationships (e.g. power supply,
human resources, facilities management) that have information security implications.

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The expanded standard will make many connections with existing


standards to ensure that they are referenced appropriately
Relevant standards to be considered

Management Systems: ISO/IEC 27000 family; ISO 28000, Supply Chain Resiliency;
ISO/IEC 20000, IT Service Management
Risk Management: ISO 31000, ISO/IEC 27005, and ISO/IEC 16085
Lifecycle Processes and Practices, software acquisition, and software assurance
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 (systems), ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207 (software), IEEE 1062 (software
acquisition), ISO/IEC15026 (software assurance)
ISO TMB NWIP on Outsourcing
Proposed liaisons with other standards bodies

Information Security Forum (ISF)


ISO/IEC JTC1 SC7 Systems and Software Engineering
ISO PC246 Anti-Counterfeiting Tools
ISO TC247 Fraud Countermeasures and Controls

ISO TC8 Ships and Marine Technology (home of ISO 28000)


ISO TC223 Societal Security (home of resiliency standards)

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Whats next?
Preliminary drafts of ISO/IEC 27036 Parts 1, 2, and 3 are due to SC27 Secretariat no later
than December 18
ISO/IEC 27036 editors will restructure existing text into new Parts 1 and 2
ISO/IEC 27036 Part 3 editor will create an outline and preliminary draft based on the ICT
SCRM Study Period outputs
Preliminary drafts will be distributed to the National Bodies for comment and reviewed and
revised at the Spring 2010 meeting
CS1 will review all drafts and comment back to SC27
And then we will go to the next meeting, review, revise, and repeat until we are done within
the required timeframe of 3-5 years

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Nadya Bartol
Senior Associate

Booz Allen Hamilton Inc.


One Preserve Parkway
Rockville, MD 20852
Tel (301) 922-9537
bartol_nadya@bah.com

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