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CHEMISTRY: 1W1Q

Chapter 2: The Structure of the Atom

Section A
[10 marks]
1. Diagram 1 shows the inter-conversion of three states of matter X, Y and Z of water.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan tiga jirim X, Y dan Z.

Y
Diagram 1 / Rajah 1

(a) What type of particle is found in water?


Apakah jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam air?

[1 mark]

(b) What is the physical state labeled Z?


Apakah keadaan fizikal yang berlabel Z?

[1 mark]

(c) Name the process when water changes from state X to state Z.
Namakan proses apabila air berubah daripada kedaan X kepada keadaan Z. [1 mark]
(d) The smell of curry cooking in the kitchen spreads to the living room.
Based on the kinetic theory of matter, state the process involved.
Explain your answer.
Bau masakan kari di dapur merebak hingga ke ruang tamu.
Berdasarkan teori kinetik jirim, nyatakan proses yang terlibat.
Terangkan jawapan anda.

[3marks]

(e) Solid Q is a compound. Solid Q has melting point of 85 C and boiling point of 150 C.
A boiling tube containing solid Q is heated at room temperature until 180 C.
Pepejal Q ialah satu sebatian. Pepejal Q mempunyai takat lebur pada 85 C dan takat
didih pada 150 C. sebuah tabung didih yang mengandungi pepejal Q telah dipanaskan
daripada suhu bilik sehingga 180 C.
(i)

Sketch a graph of temperature against time during the heating.


Lakarkan satu graf suhu melawan masa semasa pemanasan tersebut. [2 marks]

(ii)

What is the state of matter of compound Q at 66 C?


Apakah keadaan jirim sebatian Q pada 66 C?

[1 mark]

What is meant by melting point?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan takat lebur?

[1 mark]

(iii)

CHEMISTRY: 1W1Q
Chapter 2: The Structure of the Atom

Section A
[10 marks]
1. Diagram 1 shows the inter-conversion of three states of matter X, Y and Z of water.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan tiga jirim X, Y dan Z.

Y
Diagram 1 / Rajah 1

(f) What type of particle is found in water?


Apakah jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam air?

[1 mark]

(g) What is the physical state labeled Z?


Apakah keadaan fizikal yang berlabel Z?

[1 mark]

(h) Name the process when water changes from state X to state Z.
Namakan proses apabila air berubah daripada kedaan X kepada keadaan Z. [1 mark]
(i) The smell of curry cooking in the kitchen spreads to the living room.
Based on the kinetic theory of matter, state the process involved.
Explain your answer.
Bau masakan kari di dapur merebak hingga ke ruang tamu.
Berdasarkan teori kinetik jirim, nyatakan proses yang terlibat.
Terangkan jawapan anda.

[3marks]

(j) Solid Q is a compound. Solid Q has melting point of 85 C and boiling point of 150 C.
A boiling tube containing solid Q is heated at room temperature until 180 C.
Pepejal Q ialah satu sebatian. Pepejal Q mempunyai takat lebur pada 85 C dan takat
didih pada 150 C. sebuah tabung didih yang mengandungi pepejal Q telah dipanaskan
daripada suhu bilik sehingga 180 C.
(iv)

Sketch a graph of temperature against time during the heating.


Lakarkan satu graf suhu melawan masa semasa pemanasan tersebut. [2 marks]

(v)

What is the state of matter of compound Q at 66 C?


Apakah keadaan jirim sebatian Q pada 66 C?

[1 mark]

What is meant by melting point?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan takat lebur?

[1 mark]

(vi)

CHEMISTRY: 1W1Q
Chapter 2: The Structure of the Atom

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Molecule
Gas
Sublimation
Diffusion
Atoms are made from small and very discrete particle
Particles move between empty space in the air

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Correct label and unit of axes


Melting and boiling point marked on graph

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(ii)

Solid

(iii)

The temperature at which solid changes into liquid

(e)
(i)

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