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Diversity Access Point for WiMAX

1 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Table of Contents

BROADBAND WIRELESS ACCESS............................................................. 3

MOTOwi4™................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCING THE DIVERSITY ACCESS POINT...................................... 4

DIVERSITY ACCESS POINT........................................................................ 4

SYSTEM DESIGN BENEFITS ...................................................................... 5

DIVERSITY RF MODULES ........................................................................... 5

BASE CONTROL UNIT ................................................................................. 6

DAP REDUNDANCY..................................................................................... 7


THROUGHPUT & COVERAGE .................................................................... 9

DISTRIBUTED NETWORK ARCHITECTURE ............................................ 10

CARRIER ACCESS POINT CONTROLLER ............................................... 10

QoS ............................................................................................................. 10

SECURITY .................................................................................................. 11

DEVICES..................................................................................................... 11

BACKHAUL ................................................................................................. 12

PORTAL ELEMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM .......................................... 12

DIVERSITY ACCESS POINT FEATURE SET ............................................ 14

IMS BASED FEATURES & SERVICES ...................................................... 14

SUMMARY .................................................................................................. 15

2 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Motorola is committed to leading the
industry with end-to-end WiMAX solutions

BROADBAND WIRELESS ACCESS Motorola is committed to leading the industry with

Broadband Wireless Access promises to enhance end-to-end WiMAX solutions addressing the full
the lives of people around the globe in both mature scope of the operator’s deployment needs including
and developing markets. Whether end-users are access, core, devices, network management and
demanding access to increasingly rich, interactive services.
and personalized content anytime and anywhere, or
simply basic voice connections and the ability to MOTOwi4™
access and share information with their MOTOwi4 is a comprehensive platform of wireless
communities and the world, Broadband Wireless broadband solutions and services. Designed to
Access will provide dynamic solutions. complement and complete operator networks,
MOTOwi4 includes wi4 WiMAX, wi4 Fixed, wi4
WiMAX enables operators to offer versatile
Mesh, and wi4 Broadband over Power Line
solutions that are high performing, cost-effective,
solutions. The MOTOwi4 portfolio also includes
and quick-to-deploy. With WiMAX, operators will be
backhaul solutions that provide low-cost alternatives
able to extend the coverage and capabilities of their
to leased wireline connections for managing
networks to serve today’s large metro areas as well
aggregate data demands for both backhaul and
as new markets previously not reached.
bridging applications. MOTOwi4 solutions are
WiMAX is designed to support last-mile broadband versatile and address a broad range of applications
connectivity to homes and businesses. Connections across operator segments.
that were once dependent on wireline networks,
The Motorola vision provides seamless availability
can become wireless and mobile with WiMAX.
of personal wireless broadband services in any type
While vendors have been providing proprietary
of environment. As an individual travels from office
solutions for many years now, WiMAX promises to
to home to the outdoor network and into hotspot
standardize the equipment, making it interoperable
locations, wireless broadband coverage will follow.
and more affordable.
MOTOwi4 solutions coexist gracefully with a number
WiMAX provides enhanced broadband wireless of networks and standards, so that the end user’s
access in fixed, nomadic and mobile environments. experience is rich and compelling.
WiMAX solutions can be deployed as
MOTOwi4 is extending the reach and capabilities of
complementary to existing networks or as a primary
operator networks, from basic connections in
access technology where alternatives do not exist.
unserved regions to high-speed, mobile access in
With new fixed and mobile services based on
dense metro markets. Motorola’s wi4 WiMAX, wi4
WiMAX, users in rural markets and developing
Fixed, wi4 Mesh, and wi4 Broadband over Power
countries will finally have broadband services that
Line solutions help people access information and
they can afford, while mobile users will benefit from
share content wherever they might be.
access to new mobile multimedia services and
instant access to the whole of the Internet,
wherever and whenever they want it.

3 Diversity Access Point Product Brief


Diversity Access Point

the BCU. By integrating the RF processing at the
tower-top, the need for heavy RF coaxial cable is
eliminated. Instead, the Diversity RF module utilizes
Motorola’s Diversity Access Point delivers on the a simple fiber connection and a power cable for
performance and cost advantages of WiMAX, connectivity to the BCU. The two antenna RF
standards-based wireless broadband. Featuring section is a single, self-contained field replaceable
highly integrated and flexible design as well as unit (FRU).
enhanced RF capabilities, the Diversity Access
Point is an ideal solution for an operator’s fixed and The BCU can reside at the bottom of the antenna
mobile service applications. tower or more opportune locations based on
operator selection. The BCU contains hot-pluggable
Compliant to 802.16e standards, the Diversity slots for up to two site controllers and up to four
Access Point provides high-performance modem boards to support a four sector site
broadband wireless access in 2.3, 2.5 and 3.5 GHz configuration. Additionally, the BCU contains an
spectrum. The system addresses the operator’s Alarm I/O board, fans and heating, and the power
need for carrier class security, redundancy, and distribution system for the entire site.
QoS features for robust voice, data, and mobility
deployments. The Diversity Access Point solution is designed for
four sector configuration with four Diversity RF
Diversity antenna techniques allow the realization Modules supported by a single Base Control Unit.
of Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output (MIMO) capability The Diversity Access Point system supports
enhancing the coverage and capacity of these frequency reuse for effective spectrum and channel
WiMAX systems, offering strong indoor penetration, management with an N=2 frequency plan.
and supporting full mobility applications.

The Diversity Access Point system includes the

following elements:

ƒ Diversity RF Modules Diversity RF Module

ƒ Base Control Unit

ƒ GPS Antenna Site Synchronization

ƒ All-IP Broadband Backhaul Interface

ƒ Portal Operations & Management Software Simple fiber &

power connection

ƒ Carrier Access Point Controller


The Diversity Access Point consists of two major
subsystems: the Diversity RF Modules and the Base Control Unit
Base Control Unit (BCU) as shown in Figure 1.

The Diversity RF Modules contain a two antenna

RF section that performs all RF transmit and
receive processing to deliver baseband signaling to

Figure 1: Diversity Access Point

4 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Management software allow for configuration,
authentication, and over-the-air system updates.
High Performing
Reduced CAPEX
The Diversity Access Point is based on the IEEE
802.16e-2005 technology standard, and will benefit The Diversity Access Point system benefits from an
from such features as the spectrally efficient S- integrated design that reduces real estate
OFDMA interface, low latency performance, and IP requirements and allows for simple connections
based architecture. Enhanced system gain between components. Flexible hardware and
supported by diversity MIMO antenna capabilities software programmable radios provide the benefit of
allows strong indoor penetration as well as support no-touch software updates. Integrated RF antenna
for cellular-like mobility applications. Additionally, design eliminates the need for costly and heavy
QoS capabilities, security features, and redundancy coaxial cables between antennas and baseband
options make the Diversity Access Point platform a modules and avoids power losses associated with
Figure 2: heavy RF coaxial cables
true carrier-class solution.
Diversity RF
Module Fixed & Mobile Application Reduced OPEX

The Diversity Access Point provides Non-Line-of- The Diversity Access Point has been designed as IP
Sight, fixed and mobile wireless broadband end-to-end. The network architecture eliminates
connections. Paired with a common IP core, the high-cost centralized boxes, simplifies management,
Diversity Access Point will support seamless inter- and reduces core transport costs. Connectivity to
technology handovers. standard IP equipment allows operators to realize
significant cost advantages.
Ease of Installation & Management

Motorola’s design philosophy for the WiMAX DIVERSITY RF MODULES

product portfolio focuses on ease of installation, The Diversity RF Module is a self-contained unit and
management, and operation. The Diversity Access consists of two transmitter lineups, two receiver
Point features small, “zero-footprint” base sites with lineups, two duplexer filters, two antenna elements,
an all-outdoors design and flexible mounting redundant fiber optic interfaces and DC power
options for both the Diversity RF Modules and the conversion. The Diversity RF Modules have a built
Base Control Unit. Simple Operations & in surge suppressor to protect the incoming power
feed from the BCU Power Distribution Unit. The
Diversity RF Module outputs one watt power per
each of the two antenna elements.

For severe interference environments, optional

filters can be introduced to the Diversity RF Module
to improve interference mitigation.

The integrated RF architecture eliminates the need

for heavy RF coaxial cables to be run between the
BCU and the Diversity RF Module. A simple fiber
optic cable with redundancy option and a standard
power feed are the only connections required from
the BCU to the Diversity RF Module at the tower

Traditional RF coax cables experience significant

path loss and increase the system power
requirements to account for signal degradation. By
removing the need for heavy RF coaxial cabling, the
power requirements for the Diversity Access Point
are reduced by over two-fold. The reduced power
requirement in turn reduces the number of active
power elements required by the system and offers
Figure 3: Diversity Access Point Logical Schematic the added advantage of improved equipment

5 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Figure 4: Base Control Unit Internal Components View

Further, positioning the active RF elements and Modem Card

heat sinks within the integrated Diversity RF
The Modem Card is a digital baseband card
Module more effectively supports heat dissipation
containing host microprocessors, DSPs, and an
and eases the cooling requirements of the Base
FPGA for performing 802.16e MAC and PHY
Control Unit. Better management of heat dissipation
processing. The Modem Card allows for software
eliminates the need for dedicated real estate and
only upgrades for PHY and MAC layer
air conditioning for the BCU resulting in ease of
modifications. The BCU includes four Modem Card
installation and cost advantages.
slots with typical configuration requiring one Modem
The DAP is designed to support up to 256 active Card per sector. Alternatively, one Modem Card can
users per sector (example: 256 x 4=1024 active be configured to support two sectors using a trunked
users for four sector configuration). Additionally, up configuration.
to 3000 users can be supported across the site as a
Alarm Card
combination of active, idle, and sleeping users.
The Alarm Card provides customer alarm inputs and
BASE CONTROL UNIT relay control outputs, cabinet alarm inputs, power
The Base Control Unit (BCU) performs baseband supply ID information, Layer 1 switching for Ethernet
processing, site synchronization, power distribution, backhaul, power and interface signals to a GPS
and network interfacing. Additionally, the unit hosts receiver, and power and interface signals to an
site level software and provides interfaces for site optional High Stability Oscillator (HSO) reference.
backhaul. Power Supply
The Base Control Unit includes the following The BCU contains slots for three main power supply
components as represented in Figure 4: units. Two power supplies are required to support a
Site Controller Card fully populated site, with an optional third unit to
allow for N+1 redundancy.
The Site Controller Card is a digital processing card
containing a microprocessor platform for the site Fan
level software, a frequency/timing reference circuit, The BCU is cooled by forced air via the air plenum.
an Ethernet switch, and interfaces for backhaul and The BCU utilizes a fan enclosed within a fan tray.
site alarms. The BCU cabinet contains slots for two The BCU fan has a tachometer output that will
Site Controller Cards in a redundant (1+1) model.

6 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

provide alarm triggering approximately one week
prior to fan failure.


The Backplane allows for interconnectivity of the

Site Controller Cards, Modem Card, and the Alarm
Card. The Backplane provides +27 VDC power to
each of the cards.

High Stability Oscillator (HSO)

The HSO is an optional module residing within the
The Diversity Access Point has been designed to
BCU cabinet and will be introduced in a future
achieve high availability for carrier class
system release. The HSO plugs directly into the
deployments and can be configured to support
BCU Backplane and provides a highly stable 1
various redundancy options.
pulse per second signal which the Alarm Card
distributes to the Site Controller Cards for use as a Redundant Ethernet backhaul interfaces maintain
frequency reference in the event of GPS failure. integrity of site throughput aggregation and
The HSO can provide up to 24 hours of holdover. distribution to the network core.

Surge Protection The two transceivers line-ups contained within each

Diversity RF Module are implemented in a “soft-fail”
The BCU has two surge elements. One surge card
fashion. In the event that one of the transceivers
protects the main power input and a second surge
should fail, the Diversity RF Module will continue to
card protects the backhaul, GPS, customer I/O, and
operate utilizing a single transceiver chain. Each
power feeds to the RF heads.
user will effectively operate at a lower modulation
Direct Air Cooling (DAC) Filter and coding rate to compensate for the reduction in
diversity gain.
The DAC filter is an element that restricts
movement of moisture and small and large Future releases will support additional high-
particulate matter across its membrane. It is a cost availability configuration options within the Base
and size effective method for cabinet cooling Controller Unit (BCU) subsystem using either 1+1 or
compared to a traditional heat exchanger. The DAC N+1 redundancy including:
filter provides the added benefit of a much lower
ƒ Site Controller Cards (1+1)
internal air temperature rise than a traditional heat
ƒ Modem Cards
exchanger. The DAC filter will require periodic
o For four sector configuration, two
replacement due to particulate clogging or filter
modem cards can be set up in a
aging. The life of the filter element is dependent
trunked configuration with each
upon local site conditions.
supporting two RF heads
Heater ƒ Optional High Stability Oscillator (HSO) -
Providing up to 24 hours of operation in case
A heater module is included within the BCU cabinet
of GPS signal failure
for operations in cold environments. A two-stage
ƒ Power supply modules (N+1)
heater is controlled by a thermistor and control
circuitry within the heater module. During cold
The Diversity RF Module has also been designed
startup both elements operate to quickly raise the
with redundancy features. Redundant fiber links are
internal temperatures to 0°C. During “cold day”
supported between the Diversity RF Module and the
operation only one heater element is used. The
BCU to maintain the data link in the event of
heat from that element plus heat dissipation within
damage to a given fiber connection.
the BCU can maintain the internal temperatures
above 0°C.

7 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Fixed, Nomadic, Portable, Mobile*
*Simple and Full Mobility application available with optional software upgrade
Active RF heads with integrated antennas and high-speed digital connections
Base Site Architecture
to Base Control Unit over fiber
2.3 GHz (2.300 – 2.400 GHz)
Frequency Bands 2.5 GHz (2.495 – 2.690 GHz)
3.5 GHz (3.400 – 3.600 GHz)
2.3 GHz: 5 or 10 MHz
Channel Bandwidth 2.5 GHz: 5 or 10 MHz
3.5 GHz: 5 or 7 MHz
Air Interface IEEE 802.16e-2005 (S-OFDMA)
Duplex Mode TDD
256 active subscriber devices per sector
Subscriber Devices Supported
3000 Subscriber Devices across base site
Configurability Remote configuration / OTA software upgradeable
4 sector: N=2 recommended
Frequency Reuse
Other configurations supported
Physical Dimensions
(HxWxD): 712 x 178 x 229 mm (28”x7”x9”) Weight: 16 kg (35 lbs)
Diversity RF Module
Physical Dimensions – Control Unit (HxWxD): 788 x 508 x 483 mm (31”x20”x19”) Weight: 68 kg (150 lbs)
Operating Temperature -40ºC to 55ºC Outdoor and Indoor
QPSK (coding rates of 1/2 and 3/4)
16QAM (coding rates of 1/2 and 3/4)
Modulation and Coding
64 QAM* (coding rates of 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, and 5/6)
*64 QAM uplink to be available with a software upgrade
Maximum Transmit Output Power for
2000mW (2 x 1000mW transmit output power per antenna element)
Diversity RF Module
4 sector configuration: 49.5 dBm EIRP = 33 dBm + 16.5 dBi (Single Sector)
Maximum Output Power per Sector
Actual EIRP may vary as a function of government regulation and spectral
(PA & Antenna)
mask requirements (country specific)
Power Requirements -48 VDC, +27 VDC, 88-240 VAC
Power Consumption 1.3KW typical for a 4-sector base site with full redundancy configuration
VLAN Support IEEE 802.1Q
Backhaul Traffic Classification Layer 2 IEEE 802.1p, IPv4 Diffserv (DSCP)
Unsolicited Grant Service (UGS), Real-time Polling Service (rtPS), Extended
QoS Real-time Polling service (ertPS), Non-real-time Polling Service (nrtPS) and
Best Effort (BE)
EAP authentication; CCM-AES 128bit data encyption and authentication;
PKMv2 key management protocol
Baseband Control Unit to RF Access
CPRI over Optical Fiber, DC Power
Point Cabling Connection
Wireline Interface IEEE 802.3 (10/100/1000 Base T Ethernet)
Availability Up to 99.995%
Mandatory applicable requirements.
Regulatory Compliance For example: ETSI EN302 021, 753, FCC, CALEA (47 USC.1001-1010), E911
(§9.47), RoHS/WEEE, ETSI EN 302 326-2
Lightning Protection DC Grounded
Antenna Elements 2
Transmit / Receive Chains 2/2
Polarization Vertical or +/- 45 degree cross-polarization

8 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

The Diversity Access Point can be effectively
deployed to address both throughput and coverage.
In Broadband wireless network deployments, Throughput and coverage capabilities of broadband
capacity or coverage requirements will typically wireless networks are highly influenced by the radio
determine how to dimension the network for environment, the profile of data and voice traffic on
necessary performance. For capacity-focused the network, fixed versus mobile application,
deployments, the operator’s primary objective may throughput requirements of subscribers, and the
be to deliver a specified average throughput to a level of interference present at the system. The
discrete subscriber base within a focused region. following table considers a series of deployment and
For coverage-focused deployments, the operator’s environmental parameters to provide directional
primary objective may be to provide a basic level of representation of throughput and coverage
service to a broad geographic area, extending the capabilities of the Diversity Access Point system.
reach of the network to address as many The data is based on simulations and considers the
subscribers as possible. use of both an Indoor and Outdoor Subscriber Unit
at the end-user premises.

Capacity per
Indoor CPE Capacity per
Range Coverage sector
sector Uplink
(10 MHz Channel) (km) (sq. km) Downlink

Rural 3.8 28.3 10.92 1.36

Suburban 1.3 3.6 10.92 1.36

Light Urban 0.6 0.7 10.92 1.36

Dense Urban 0.5 0.6 10.92 1.36

Capacity per
Outdoor CPE Capacity per
Range Coverage sector
sector Uplink
(10 MHz Channel) (km) (sq. km) Downlink

Rural 57.6 6631.6 16.5 2.1

Suburban 20.5 836.5 16.5 2.1

Light Urban 8.7 152.6 16.5 2.1

Dense Urban 7.2 103.1 16.5 2.1

Simulation results based on following parameters:

- 2.5GHz Band; 10MHz channel bandwidth; 75% / - Without STC/MIMO and special multiplexing

25% Downlink/Uplink split - Indoor penetration loss of 15 dB

- Target service at cell edge: 1.024Mbps Downlink, - Full buffer data traffic model (e.g. video/audio
128 kbps Uplink (90% cell coverage) streaming)

- Diversity Access Point antenna height from - Based on average single user connection speed
ground: 30m, Outdoor Subscriber Unit height throughout sector
from ground: 7m, Indoor Subscriber Unit height
from ground: 1.5m

9 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

security and mobility related functions in a Diversity
DISTRIBUTED NETWORK ARCHITECTURE Access Point network deployment.
A Diversity Access Point system is deployed based
The CAP-C supports the following features:
on a distributed network architecture. Capacity and
coverage requirements will factor into network ƒ Authentication liaison between the
dimensioning to determine the initial scale of the user/device and the AAA server
deployment. As coverage or capacity needs grow,
ƒ Security functions such as Local Key
additional base sites can be readily deployed and
Distribution Function (LKDF) for delivering
seamlessly “dropped” into the distributed
As coverage or capacity needs grow,

Authentication Keys
deployed and seamlessly “dropped”
additional base sites can be readily

ƒ Paging Controller (PC)

Conventional cellular systems have relied on
hierarchical architectures with multiple layers of ƒ QoS Policy Decision Point
control and interconnect platforms. Motorola’s
ƒ Flow admission control related to handovers
into the distributed architecture.

WiMAX systems leverage a simplified, peer-to-peer

network architecture that is a flat, IP-based design ƒ Access Control
in a manner similar to that of current 802.11 Wi-Fi
ƒ Handover Decision Point
Access Points.
ƒ Proxy Mobile IP Client Validation
Initially proposed for cellular systems, this
distributed architecture was adopted by Motorola’s ƒ Context Repository (CR) function
WiMAX systems and offers full support of mobility
The CAP-C is designed to support up to 1 million
users on a single chassis and up 1000 Access
The WiMAX distributed network architecture Points. The CAP-C is based on the ATCA platform
approach offers the following benefits: architecture and designed to be highly scalable. The
CAP-C is built upon the Motorola Embedded
ƒ Seamlessly integrates wireless technology
Communications Computing Avantellis 3406 server
specific functionality with IP networking
and operates MontaVista CGL (Carrier Grade Linux)
OS. The Avantellis product line encompasses the
ƒ Allows for the use of a common network for hardware platform, hardware control software,
multiple wireless access technologies middleware, and operating system environment.
ƒ Enables cost-effective implementation for A deployment of Diversity Access Points in
deployments ranging from small to large conjunction with a CAP Controller forms the Access
scale Service Network as defined in the WiMAX Forum
Reference Architecture.
ƒ Enables the use of mobile devices

ƒ Eliminates high-cost centralized boxes QoS

ƒ Enables new types of transport networks The Diversity Access Point system utilizes five
such as metro Ethernet for backhaul classes of QoS as defined by the IEEE 802.16e
specification. The broad support of the varied
ƒ Reduces latencies due to elimination of scheduling classes at the MAC level enable a range
multiple boxes of services including robust voice and data
ƒ Enables distribution of “application level” management and service level assurance.
functionality such as content delivery The five QoS classes supported by Motorola are
networks Unsolicited Grant Service (UGS), Real-time Polling
Service (rtPS), Extended Real-time Polling service
CARRIER ACCESS POINT CONTROLLER (ertPS), Non-real-time Polling Service (nrtPS) and
While preserving the benefits of a distributed Best Effort (BE)
network architecture, the Diversity Access Point
Further enhancing the QoS capabilities of the
system also maintains a centralized platform for
Diversity Access Point system, Motorola extends the
those functions best served by localized
QoS capability with an end-to-end QoS framework
management. The Motorola Carrier Access Point
to meet the needs of true carrier-class deployments.
Controller (CAP-C) provides management of key

10 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Each end-user is provisioned with a set of service The Diversity Access Point solution supports
flows mapping to the various services offered by the standard, off-the-shelf AAA servers for ease in
operator. For example, VoIP and data services may network design.
be defined as two distinct service flows for an end-
The Diversity Access Point solution is being
user. Both service flows could be associated with
designed to achieve a high degree of security to
appropriate QoS related parameters including the
prevent attacks such as Denial of Service. A future
802.16e defined scheduling class, DiffServ
release will introduce a host-based Intrusion
CodePoint (DSCP), as well as minimum and
Detection System (IDS) and a host-based firewall
maximum data rates. These parameters are utilized
are into the system design. When implemented in
at multiple points across the network to providing
individual network elements, the IDS monitors
proper handling of the end-to-end service.
system logs, critical system resources, and sensitive
files, and provided immediate visibility into
unauthorized access.
The Diversity Access Point system implements
802.16e based security architecture to ensure inter- DEVICES
network and device compatibility and
Motorola’s wi4 WiMAX portfolio will offer a full suite
of WiMAX 802.16e-2005 compliant end-user
For over-the-air traffic, PKMv2 protocol is devices. Because WiMAX standards-based
implemented between the device and the Access technology is backed by major chipset
Point to carry the EAP messages. CCM-mode AES manufacturers, WiMAX operators will benefit from
is implemented for data encryption and significant cost reductions as deployments expand
authentication. EAP is carried using AAA protocols and they are able to deliver connections to a large
(RADIUS) between the AAA proxy in the CAP ecosystem of WiMAX compliant devices.
Controller and the AAA server. Both device and
Motorola’s wi4 WiMAX portfolio is conformant to the
user authentication is supported.
802.16e-2005 specification and will follow the
AAA servers are an integral part of the security certification requirements defined by the WiMAX
infrastructure for the Diversity Access Point. The Forum industry group. This will ensure that
AAA framework calls for a Supplicant, Motorola’s WiMAX equipment and devices are
Authenticator, and an Authentication Server role. capable of interoperating with equipment and
The user device is the Supplicant, the CAP devices from a broad spectrum of compliant
Controller provides the Authenticator function and vendors.
the AAA server plays the Authentication Server
Motorola’s suite of WiMAX devices will include:

Intended for fixed broadband application, the Outdoor Subscriber Unit (OSU) can
Outdoor be unobtrusively mounted outside a residence or business to deliver WiMAX
Subscriber Unit connections via Ethernet to the indoors. The OSU provides significant advantage
in extended coverage and capacity.

Simple, self-install devices that operate indoors to receive WiMAX signals through
Desktop the building walls. A variety of Desktop Subscriber Units will be included in the
Subscriber Unit portfolio to address varying feature sets including basic data connection, VoIP,
and Wi-Fi.

WiMAX PC cards can be utilized to bring the WiMAX connection directly to the
PC Card
laptop for a truly nomadic experience.

A suite of multimode mobile handsets featuring fashionable design will deliver

cellular-like mobile performance with broadband-like data throughput.

11 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

BACKHAUL address Motorola’s WiMAX portfolio of infrastructure
Diversity Access Point deployments will use and devices.
backhaul solutions to manage the aggregate data Portal EMS is designed on a highly flexible and
throughputs serviced by each base site. scalable platform to meet an operator’s provisioning
The Diversity Access Point system will support a and management requirements today as well as
host of wireline and wireless backhaul options. grow to meet the needs of an expanded network
Motorola’s Diversity Access Point sites and the tomorrow.
Carrier Access Point Controller can be connected Portal EMS can be integrated with other OSS
to an operator’s existing network through simple L2, systems using 3GPP/3GPP2 defined north-bound
Ethernet connections. Typical implementations interfaces (NBI). The Portal EMS functional
benefit by using Motorola’s Wireless Backhaul elements can be distributed across multiple servers.
Solutions configured in a Point-to-Point manner. Table 3 highlights key platform specifications for
Multiple Diversity Access Point base sites can be Portal EMS and table 4 highlights key features &
paired with Motorola Wireless Backhaul Modules to benefits.
direct traffic from each individual base site to a Portal EMS provides functional and operational
single Diversity Access Point base site location. features designed to increase system availability,
There, the traffic can be aggregated and delivered improve service levels, and simplify provisioning and
to the operator’s core network. management of network operations.

PORTAL ELEMENT MANAGEMENT Some of the key innovations of the Portal EMS
SYSTEM include

Motorola offers the Portal Element Management ƒ Actionable alarms and incidents
System (EMS) to address the operations and
ƒ Dashboards
management requirements of WiMAX deployments.
Motorola Portal EMS leverages Motorola’s ƒ Wizards and wizard templates
extensive experience in managing wireless
ƒ Incident and consolidated information reports
broadband networks. Portal EMS was developed to

Table 3: Portal EMS Platform Specifications

Portal EMS Platform Specifications

Environment Hardware platform: Intel based PC
OS: Windows 2003 Server or Windows XP Professional
Software: JavaTM Runtime Environment
Capacity Up to 500 WiMAX base sites
Up to 100,000 subscriber devices
2 Carrier Access Point Controllers
Interface to XML flat files
Network Elements SNMPv3
Secure FTP
User Interfaces Web access to EMS (local and remote)
Local EMS applications for security management

12 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

Table 4: Portal EMS Features & Benefits

Portal EMS Features & Benefits

Features Benefits

ƒ Real-time alarm viewer and alarm


ƒ Event logging ƒ Reduces the number of maintenance

Fault Management ƒ E-mail event notifications
ƒ Provides targeted issue identification
ƒ Network Element availability lowering resolution time

ƒ Network Element diagnostics

ƒ Software and configuration

ƒ Simplified provisioning of new
network elements and devices
Configuration ƒ Configuration reports
Management ƒ Improved service reliability by
ƒ Inventory data managing effective installations and
automated product updates
ƒ Auto discovery and configuration

ƒ Historical statistics retrieve and

ƒ Improved service availability through
ƒ Real-time and historical statistics monitoring of network performance
display and trends to identify issues early

ƒ Statistics storage

Security ƒ EMS access control ƒ Safeguards the network and ensures

Management ƒ Security logging appropriate levels of security

13 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

The following is a list of high-level features The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) represents an
supported by the Diversity Access Point evolved vision of the carrier class all-IP core
architecture: network and is a significant component of Motorola’s
network evolution strategy. Motorola IMS unleashes
ƒ Fixed and nomadic application
the true potential of packet-based broadband
ƒ Full mobility support (up to 120 km/hr) to be
introduced via software update in future
system release The Diversity Access Point system combined with
ƒ Compliant to IEEE 802.16e specifications the Motorola IMS solution can provide a compelling
ƒ Multi-band and multi-frequency support array of features and applications further enhancing
- 2.3 GHz band with 5 MHz and 10 the service to the end user.
MHz channel bandwidth
These services may include, but are not limited to
- 2.5 GHz band with 5 MHz and 10
the following:
MHz channel bandwidth
- 3.5 GHz band with 5 MHz and 7 ƒ VoIP
MHz channel bandwidth ƒ Seamless Mobility (WiFi/Cellular)
- Other band class under ƒ Seamless Mobility (Common Service Profile)
consideration ƒ Presence
ƒ Diversity Access Point design features ƒ Common Address Book
- Trunked modems ƒ Location
- 4-sector support ƒ Video Call
- MIMO ready system ƒ Video Streaming (e.g. Advertising, TV, VOD)
- Diversity antenna schemes ƒ Audio Streaming (e.g. Advertising, Radio,
ƒ Physical layer MOD)
- Partially Used Sub-Channeling ƒ Audio/Video File Download
(PUSC) ƒ Machine to Machine Solutions (e.g. Vending
- Adaptive modulation up 64 QAM Machines)
downlink & 16 QAM uplink ƒ Prepaid Push To X (Talk, View, Video)
ƒ MAC layer ƒ Instant Messaging (Picture or Video
- Compressed MAP Component)
- HARQ ƒ Instant Voice Message
- Channel sounding ƒ Unified Messaging
- QoS support ƒ Text Messaging (Alerts, Notifications)
- Encryption ƒ Conferencing (Audio/Video)
- IPv4 CS (IPv6 planned) ƒ Find Me/Follow Me
- PHS, RoHC ƒ Multi-Player Gaming
ƒ EAP support ƒ IVR
ƒ Security key distribution ƒ Ring Back Tones
ƒ AAA authentication
ƒ Mobile IP proxy MIP function (future system
ƒ SNMPv3
ƒ IPSec
ƒ Firewall, IDS (future system release)
ƒ Sleep & idle modes (future system release)
ƒ L2 and L3 handovers with roaming support
(future system release)
ƒ High availability
ƒ IMS integration
ƒ Network management options

14 Diversity Access Point Product Brief

The Diversity Access Point solution addresses the
market need for cost-effective, high-performing,
broadband wireless access solutions. Based on
802.16e-2005 technology, the Diversity Access
Point solution will allow operators to service their
fixed and mobile broadband wireless requirements.

Motorola is uniquely positioned to address the

wireless broadband market through the
MOTOwi4™ vision. Motorola has aligned its
business units and roadmaps to provide a
comprehensive, end-to-end solution covering all
aspects of the broadband wireless access
deployment. With our deep and extensive patent
portfolio, over a decade of R&D investment, and
our experience as a global supplier of broadband
wireless access solutions, Motorola is primed to
deliver its best-of-breed WiMAX solutions.

With the advancement of wireless broadband, we

have the opportunity to further advance our service
to the end-user – from basic connections in
unserved regions to high-speed, mobile access in
dense metro markets. Motorola offers operators a
means to truly transform the end-user experience.

Motorola, Inc.

MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent &
Trademark Office. Canopy is a trademark of Motorola, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners.
© Motorola, Inc. 2006


15 Diversity Access Point Product Brief