Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Chemical & Process Technology: Depressuring Flow - Quick Manual M...

1 of 3

http://webwormcpt.blogspot.com/2009/01/depressuring-quick-manual-m...

CHEM & PROC TECH


OIL & GAS TECH
HEAT & EXCH TECH
GEN TECH

Chemical & Process Technology


A place to share knowledge, lesson learnt...
HOME

ARCHIVE

LINK

Web

Chem & Proc Tech

FREE MAGAZINES

Hot Posts
Sunday, January 25, 2009

Depressuring Flow - Quick Manual Method


Display problem ? Click HERE
Recommended :
Subscribe FREE - Processing Magazine

How to apply valve equation in HYSYS


Depressuring ?
High pressure and moderate/low temperature operation
are common in oil and gas industry. High pressure
system with large vessels will lead to large inventory
and it significantly increases hazardous level to
personnel and assets...

FOLLOW ME

Depressuring system is provided in Oil and gas, Gas & LNG plant,
etc to evacuate the inventory from process system as fast as
possible so that the reduced internal pressure stresses is kept
below the rupture stress. This has been discussed in
"Depressuring within 15 minutes no longer applicable ?".
Nevertheless, quick depressuring may lead to other problem such
as low temperature embrittlement, excessive noise and
vibration, etc. Depressure a high pressure would lead to low
temperature of depressured system and failure due to low
temperature embrittlement. Higher the depressuring rate, lower the
temperature can be experienced by depressured system. Thus, the
restriction orifice (RO) downstream of Blowdown Valve (BDV) in
depressuring system primarily is to limit flow so that the temperature will not drop below
the allowable lowest temperature limit of material. This has been discussed in "Don't
misunderstood depressuring".

Free Newsletter
Free Magazine

Latest Posts
Crevice Corrosion
Engineering Guide
Software for S...
Role of CE in
BioTech Talk
FREE KG-TOWER
V4
Enter your email
address:

Although depressuring shall be implemented within the shortest time possible, excessive
depressuring may potentially lead to damage to equipment such as compressor seal, solid
bed, etc. Thus, there are two type of depressuring as discussed in "Controlled and
Non-controlled Type Depressuring". Nevertheless, it is emphasized again here,
depressuring system shall be designed to bring plant to safe level without any tolerance.
Many depressuring systems are designed to depressure the system within 15 minutes
follow recommendation in API 521. Nevertheless, one shall take note that the 15 minutes
is sort of arbitrary and may be good for some system and configuration. Thus, in most
recent API STD 521, the requirement has slightly changed where a depressuring system
shall be designed such that the stress induced by internal pressure of a system is lower
than stress allowable by the system. This may lead to shorter depressuring time as
discussed in "Depressuring within 15 minutes no longer applicable ?".
Recommended :
Subscribe FREE -Pipeline & Gas Technology
Depressuring can be conducted using simple depressuring
module in process simulator such HYSYS, PRO-II, etc. One shall
understood there are limitation and accuracy issue in above
mentioned depressuring modules and shall be used with care.
There are other depressuring simulator such as LNGDYN by
TECHNIP, BLOWDOWN by Imperial College, etc which are
calculated rigorously and tested with real plant data. It is always
advisable to use these simulator for specific case.
Assumption
In this post, a manual depressuring method is introduced. This
method is first introduced by Grote and are derived base on
following assumptions :

FREE Info

Crevice Corrosion
Mechanism &
Prevention
Stainless Steel and
It Selection Training
Module

SUPPORT This Site

FREE Chemical
Engineering Digital
Issue for Jan 20...
Determine
Corrosion
Allownace (CA)
with Corrosion ...
LNG SES Issues...
Additional
Concerns in
Controlled
Depressuring
Some Comments
on Thermal
Expansion...

Links
Chem & Proc tech
Oil & Gas tech
Heat Exch tech
Gen Tech

i) Critical flow throughout entire depressuring process


ii) Constant mass flow throughout entire depressuring process
iii) System being depressured is maintained as gaseous throughout entire depressuring
process
iv) Constant temperature, molecular weight and compressibility
Methodology
Following is the derivation of the manual equation.

Webworm DC
Chemical and
Process
Engineering
Chemical
Engineering World
Smart Process
Design
ChEng

Visitors

15/06/2015 23:48

Chemical & Process Technology: Depressuring Flow - Quick Manual M...

2 of 3

http://webwormcpt.blogspot.com/2009/01/depressuring-quick-manual-m...

(Since Apr. 21,2007)


2 users online

Archives
April 2007
May 2007
June 2007
July 2007
August 2007
September 2007
October 2007
November 2007
December 2007
January 2008
February 2008
March 2008
April 2008
May 2008
June 2008
July 2008
August 2008
September 2008
October 2008
November 2008
December 2008
January 2009
February 2009
March 2009
April 2009
May 2009
June 2009
July 2009
August 2009
September 2009
October 2009
November 2009
December 2009
January 2010
February 2010
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010
June 2010
July 2010
August 2010
September 2010
October 2010
November 2010
December 2011
July 2012
Concluding Remark
Equation [5] may be used for manual depressuring if a system inventory (initial mass, M 0),
depressuring time (t), initial (P0) and final pressure (P) are are known. One shall check the
assumptions are valid before it is used. This equation may be used as quick method to

August 2012

15/06/2015 23:48

Chemical & Process Technology: Depressuring Flow - Quick Manual M...

3 of 3

http://webwormcpt.blogspot.com/2009/01/depressuring-quick-manual-m...

determine the depressuring flowrate for quick estimate, however it is not recommended
during detailed design.

Related Post
Additional Concerns in Controlled Depressuring
Depressuring - Save Some Time in HYSYS - FLARENET Iteration
Few Recommendation on Manual Blowdown Line
A refresh to Process Engineer on few phenomenons in restriction orifice
Bug in ASPENTECH HYSYS 2006 Dynamic Depressuring Fisher Valve model
How to apply valve equation in HYSYS Depressuring ?
Why Restriction Orifice is some distance from Blowdown valve ?
Labels: Depressurization, HYSYS
AddThis
posted by Webworm, 4:41 PM

0 Comments:
Post a Comment
Let us know your opinion !!! You can use some HTML tags, such as <b>, <i>, <a>

Comment as:

Publish

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

Links to this post:


Create a Link

Home:
<< Home

2008-2010 Chemical & Process Technology | Design by Webworm

15/06/2015 23:48