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First Two Layers

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F2L

Information
Proposer(s): Ren Schoof
Proposed: 1981
Alt Names:
Variants: ZBLS, VHF2L, WV, MGLS, possibly others
No. Steps: 1
No. Algs: 42
Avg Moves: 6.7 HTM a slot
Purpose(s):

Speedsolving, FMC

First Two Layers, or F2L are normally the first two bottom layers of the 3x3x3 cube, or essentially all layers up until the last layer on larger
cubes.
The definition is a little different depending on the subject or who you are talking to. Normally it is as above but it may also refer to the part of
the Fridrich method that solves the pairs without counting the cross part.
2-gen F2L, most pairs (30:42) have the edge sitting in the U-layer having two orientations, it shows R or F colour at the side. If it is the R colour
you can solve the pair using only RU and if it is the F colour you can turn the cube (y') and sovle the pair to the back slot using only RU. The only
pairs that needs both R and F turns are the six ones with the edge unoriented in the slot, if the edge is oriented in the slot both ways works.

Approaches
Petrus F2L
Another way to solve the 'F2L' is by building blocks, common during the first two layers of the Petrus method.
Fridrich F2L
There are many ways to solve the 'F2L' on a cube. A common system is using the Fridrich method first two layer approach. After solving the
cross, a corner-edge pair is paired up, and then inserted into the correct slot. A total of four corner edge (or 'CE') pairs are made and inserted to
solve the first two layers.
The concept of pairing up four corner/edge pairs was first proposed by Ren Schoof in 1981.


F2L
edit

Easy Cases
Reposition Edge

Reposition Edge and Flip Corner

Split Pair by Going Over

Corner in Place, Edge in U Face

Pair Made on Side

Edge in Place, Corner in U face

Weird Cases

Edge and Corner in Place

Easy Cases

F2L 1

F2L 2

F2L

U (R U' R')

F2L

y' U' (R' U R)

F2L

R' F R F'

F2L

U' (F' U F)

F2L

U2 (R U2 R')

F2L

F R' F' R

F2L

d' L' U L

F2L

r U R' U' M

F2L

(U2) l R U' R' U l'

F2L

(U2) l2 F' l' U l'

F2L

(U') F R' F' R2 U' R'

F2L 3

F2L 4

F2L

y' (R' U' R)

F2L

(R U R')

F2L

y (L' U' L)

F2L

(U2) L (R U' R') U L'

F2L

F' U' F

F2L

U M R U' R' U M'

F2L

U r' R2 U' R' U M'

Reposition Edge

F2L 5

F2L 6

F2L

(U' R U R') U2 (R U' R')

F2L

d (R' U' R) U2' (R' U R)

F2L

(U' R U R') U (R' F R F')

F2L

y' (U R' U' R) U2 (R' U R)

F2L

F2 (L' U' L U) F2

F2L

y' (U R' U' R) U' y (F R' F' R)

F2L

L U' R U L' R' U2 R U' R'

F2L

U' (r U' R' U) (R U r')

F2L

U' (R U R') U' R U2 R'

F2L

R2 (B U B' U') R2

F2L 7

F2L 8

F2L

U' (R U2' R') U2 (R U' R')

F2L

d (R' U2 R) U2' (R' U R)

F2L

U' R U2 R' U' R U2 R'

F2L

y' U (R' U2 R) U2 (R' U R)

F2L

M' U' M U2 r U' r'

F2L

(r' U2) (R2 U R2 U r)

F2L

R U B U2 B' U R'

F2L

y' R' U' F' U2 F U' R

F2L

U' (R U R' U)(R U R')

Reposition Edge and Flip Corner

F2L 9

F2L 10

F2L

U' R U' R' d R' U' R

F2L

d (R' U' R U')(R' U' R)

F2L

R d' R U R' U2 F'

F2L

y2 U' (L U' L') d (L' U' L)

F2L

U F' U F U' R U R'

F2L

U r U R' U' R2 r' U' R'

F2L

d R' U R d' R U R'

F2L

U' R U' R' U2 M R U' R' U M'

F2L

y2 B2 (U' R' U R) B2

F2L

F (R U R' U') F' R U' R'

F2L

(U F' U' F) U' (F' U' F)

F2L

F2 (U R U' R') F2

F2L 11

Back Right Slot Open: R' U R2 U R'

F2L 12

F2L

U' (R U2' R') d (R' U' R)

F2L

R U' R' U R U' R' U2 R U' R'

F2L

(y) L' d L' U2 L U2 F

F2L

d (R' U2 R) d' (R U R')

F2L

U' R U2 R' U2 M R U' R' U M'

F2L

R U2 R' U2' R U2' R' U2' R U' R'

F2L

U (F R' F' R)2 U' R U R'

F2L

R' U2 R2 U R2 U R

F2L

(y') R U2 R2 U' R2 U' R'

F2L

y (F U') (R U2 R' U2') F'

F2L

U' l F U' R U l' U R'

F2L

(U R U' R') U' (R U R' U') (R U R')

Back right slot open: R' U2 R2 U R'

F2L 13

F2L 14

F2L

d (R' U R U')(R' U' R)

F2L

U' (R U' R' U)(R U R')

F2L

y' U (R' U R U')(R' U' R)

F2L

d' F U' F' d R U R'

F2L

(U F' U F) U' (F' U' F)

F2L

M' U' (R U R') U' (R U2 r')

F2L

(R U' R') U (R' F R F') (R U' R')

F2L

(R U R') d' (L' U' L U) (L' U' L)

F2L

(R U' R' U2)(R U' l U' R' U l')

Back right slot open : R' U R F' U' F

Split Pair by Going Over

F2L 15

F2L 16

F2L

M U L F' L' U' M'

F2L

(R U' R' U) d (R' U' R)

F2L

U (R' F R F') U (R U R')

F2L

(R U' R') U2 (F' U' F)

F2L

y' (R' U R U') d' (R U R')

F2L

(U') (R U2 M' U' R' U) (R U r')

F2L

y (L' U L) U2 y' (R U R')

F2L

(U) R (F R U R' U' F') R'

F2L

R U2 R' U R U R' U R U' R'

F2L

(U) M' (U R U' r') (U' R U R')

F2L

R U R' U2 R U' R' U R U' R'

F2L

y' U R U2 R U' R U R' U2 R'

F2L

R U' R U2' R2' U' R2 U' R2'

F2L

U' R2 U2 R U' R' U R' U2 R2

F2L

y' (R' U2 R) U (R' U' R)

F2L

y (L' U2 L) U (L' U' L)

F2L

(R U R' U') R U2 R' U y (L' U L)

Front left slot open: U (R U' R') D (R U' R') D'

F2L 17

F2L 18

F2L

(R U2 R') U' (R U R')

F2L

(R U R' U') (R U R' U') F R' F' R

F2L

F' U2 F U F' U' F

F2L

(R' F R F') (R U' R' U) (R U' R')

Pair Made on Side

F2L 19

F2L 20

F2L

U R U2 R2 (F R F')

F2L

U' F' U2 F2 (R' F' R)

F2L

U (R U2 R') U (R U' R')

F2L

y' U' (R' U2 R) U' (R' U R)

F2L

(R U2 R' U') U' (R U' R' U)(R U R')

F2L

y2 d' (R' U2 R) U' (R' U R)

F2L

U' (R U R' U) (F' L' U2 L F)

F2L

U' (R U' R2' F R F') (R U' R')

F2L

U' (R U' R' U) (R U') (l U' R' U l')

F2L

d' L' U2 L U' L' U L

F2L 21

Weird

F2L 22

F2L

(R U' R') U2 (R U R')

F2l

y' (R' U R) U2 (R' U' R)

F2L

U2 (R U R' U)(R U' R')

F2L

F' L' U2 L F

F2L

R B U2 B' R'

F2L

y' U2 (R' U' R U')(R' U R)

F2L

U2 R x' U' R U x R2'

F2L

y2 U' d' (R' U' R U')(R' U R)

F2L

U F R U R' U' R' F' R

F2L

r U' r' U2 r U r'

F2L

U F R U R' U' F' R U R' U2'

F2L

d2 y' R' U' R U' R' U R

F2L 23

F2L 24

F2L

U2 R2 U2 (R' U' R U') R2

F2L

U F' L' U L F R U R'

F2L

U (F R' F' R) U (R U R')

F2L

(R U R') d (R' U R U') (R' U R)

F2L

U R U' R' U' R U' R' U R U' R'

F2L

y' (R' U' R U) U (R' U' R U)(R' U' R)

F2L

(R U R' U') U' (R U R' U')(R U R')

F2L

y' U2 R2 U2 (R U R' U) R2

F2L

(R U2 R') (F' U F) U' (R U R')

F2L

U' (R U) (R2' F R F') (R U' R')

F2L

U' (R U R' U) (R U') (l U' R' U l')

F2L

U2 F2 U2 (F U F' U) F2

F2L

F U (R U' R' F')(R U' R')

Corner in Place, Edge in U Face

F2L 25

F2L 26

F2L

d' (L' U L) d (R U' R')

F2L

U (R U' R') d' (L' U L)

F2L

y U' (L' U' L) U (F U F')

F2L

U (R U' R') U' (F' U F)

F2L

U' (F' U F) U (R U' R')

F2L

U (R U' R') (F R' F' R)

F2L

U' M' U R U' r' (R U R')

F2L

U R U (r' R U' R' U M')

F2L

R U2 R' U R U2 R' U2 R U' R'

F2L

U R U' M' U R' U' M

F2L

R U R' U2 R U R' U2 R U' R'

F2L

r U r' U2 r U r' U2 r U' r'

F2L

R' F' R U R U' R' F

F2L

y (r U r' U') (r' F r F')

F2L

(U') F' R U R' U' R' F R

F2L

(R U' R' U') (R U' R' U) (R U R')

F2L

y' (l' U' l U) (l F' l' F)

F2L

(U) (R' U' R' U') R2 (U R U R)

F2L

y U R' u' R U' R' U u R

If the back right slot is open:


F2L

R2 U' R' U R2

F2L

U D' R U' R' D

F2L 27

F2L 28

F2L

(R U' R' U)(R U' R')

F2L

(R U R' U') F R' F' R

F2L

(R U' R2)(F R F')

F2L

(R U R') d (R' U2 R)

F2L

F' U' F U2 (R U' R')

F2L

y' (R' U R U')(R' U R)

F2L

(R U R') U (F' U2 F)

F2L

R U2 l U' R' U l'

F2L

(R U R') U l2 F' l' U l'

F2L

(F' U F2)(R' F' R)

F2L

(U2) R' F R F2 L' U2 L F

F2L 29

F2L 30

F2L

y' (R' U' R U)(R' U' R)

F2L

(R U R' U')(R U R')

F2L

U2 (R U' R') y' (R' U' R)

F2L

U2 (F' U F)(R U R')

F2L

(R' F R F')(R' F R F')

F2L

U' (R U2 R')U2 (R U R')

F2L

M' U R U' r' U (R U' R')

Edge in Place, Corner in U face

F2L 31

F2L 32

F2L

(R U' R') d (R' U R)

F2L

(R U R' U')(R U R' U')(R U R')

F2L

(R U' R' U)(F' U F)

F2L

(U R U' R')(U R U' R')(U R U' R')

F2L

U' R' F R F' R U' R'

F2L

U2 R d' R U R' d R'

F2L

R U' l U' R' U l'

F2L

U R d' R U2 R' d R'

F2L

F2 r U r' F R U' R'

F2L

R2 U R2 U R2 U2 R2

F2L

R U2 R' U' F R' F' R

F2L

U2 R2 U2 R2 U' R2 U' R2

F2L

(R U2 R') (F' U2 F) U' (R U R')

F2L 33

F2L 35

F2L 34

F2L

y U' L' U' R' U L U' R

F2L

U' (R U2' R') U (R U R')

F2L

(U' R U' R') U2 (R U' R')

F2L

U (R U R') U2 (R U R')

F2L

y U' (L' U' L) U2 (L' U' L)

F2L

d (R' U R) U2 (R' U R)

F2L

U y F U R U R' U' R U' R' F'

F2L

(U' F' U' F) U2 (F' U' F)

F2L

y' U' R D R' U R D' R'

F2L 36

F2L

(U' R U R') d (R' U' R)

F2L

d (R' U' R) d' (R U R')

F2L

U2 (R U' R') U' (F' U' F)

F2L

y U2 (L' U L) U (F U F')

F2L

U M' U R U' r' R U' R'

F2L

U F' U' F U' (R U R')

F2L

U' l U' R U l' U R'

F2L

U2 (R' F R F') U2 (R U R')

F2L

(R' F R F') (R U' R' U) (R U' R' U2) (R U' R')

F2L

(R U' R') d (R' U2 R) U2' (R' U R)

F2L

(R U R') U2 (R U2 R') d (R' U' R)

F2L

(R2 U2) (F R2 F') (U2 R' U R')

Edge and Corner in Place

F2L 37

F2L 38

Solved

F2L 39

F2L 41

F2L 40

F2L

(R U' R') U' (R U R') U2 (R U' R')

F2L

(R U' R' U)(R U2' R') U (R U' R')

F2L

y' (R' U' R) U2 (R' U R U') (R' U' R)

F2L

(R U R') U2 (R U' R' U)(R U R')

F2L

y (L' U' L) U2 (L' U L U')(L' U' L)

F2L

(R U2) (R U R' U) (R U2 R2')

F2L

(R U R' U') (R U2 R') U' (R U R')

F2L

(R U' R') d (R' U2 R U2') (R' U' R)

F2L

(R U2 R' U2) (R U2 R' U') R U R'

F2L

R U' R' F2 L' U' L U F2

F2L 42

F2L

(R U' R') d (R' U' R U')(R' U' R)

F2L

(R U' R' U) d (R' U' R U') (R' U R)

F2L

R U' R' U' R U' R' d R' U' R

F2L

(R U' R' U2) y' (R' U' R U' R' U R)

F2L

y (L' U' L U)(L' U L) U2 (F U F')

F2L

(R U R' U') (R U' R') U2 (F' U' F)

F2L

(R U' R) y (U R U' R') y' R2

F2L

y (L' U L) d' (L U L' U) (L U L')

F2L

F2 (L' U' L U) y (L U' L)

F2L

R2 y (R U R' U') y' (R' U R')

F2L

(R U' R')(F' L' U2 L F)

See also

Keyhole First Two Layers

Intuitive solving

Advanced F2L

ZBLS

Fridrich Method

Petrus Method

External Resources
Beginner

RiDo's Hunting Story - Simple analogy method for F2L

Standard

Erik Akkersdijk's F2L Cases (from his old site)

Dan Harris's F2L Cases

Opticubes.com Optimal F2L Cases

Jason Baum's F2L Cases

Andy Klise's Printable F2L PDF

CubeLoop F2L Algs

Bob Burton's F2L Cases

F2L algs for every case from all angles by Shotaro Makisumi

Youtube: How to get faster at the 3x3 Rubik's cube - F2L - by Feliks Zemdegs

Youtube: Rubik's Cube: Fridrich F2L explained - by Badmephisto

Advanced

Erik Expert F2L tutorial

Cubefreak Advanced F2L

Multislotting Tutorial

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3x3x3 other substeps

This page was last modified on 25 January 2013, at 03:22.

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