You are on page 1of 8

Au t o CAD

Students Handout
AutoCAD INTERFACE
Properties Toolbar

Styles Toolbar

Title Bar
Pull-down Menu Bar
Standard Tool Bar
Layer Toolbar
Draw Tool Bar
Modify Tool Bar
Model Space
Command Icon

Crosshair

User Coordinate
System (UCS)

Scroll Bars
Layout Tab

Command Prompt
Window

Status Bar

Figure 1. AutoCAD Interface


USING THE MOUSE IN AutoCAD
Right Button:
Enter or Short Cut Menu
To repeat the previous command
To end repeating prompts
Scroll Button:
To zoom in,
zoom out and
zoom panning

Left Button:
Pick or point button
To specify a point position
or location

Figure 2. Computer Mouse

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
KEYBOARD CONTROL KEYS
Ctrl + A
Ctrl + B
Ctrl + C
Ctrl + D
Ctrl + E
Ctrl + F
Ctrl + G
Ctrl + J
Ctrl + K
Ctrl + L
Ctrl + M
Ctrl + N
Ctrl + O
Ctrl + P
Ctrl + Q
Ctrl + R
Ctrl + S
Ctrl + T
Ctrl + U
Ctrl + W
Ctrl + X
Ctrl + Y
Ctrl + \
Ctrl + [
Ctrl + 1
Ctrl + 2
Ctrl + 6

to turn ON/OFF Group Selection


to turn ON/OFF Snap
to copy object to Windows Clip Board
to turn ON/OFF Coordinates
to change Isometric Planes
to turn ON/OFF Osnap
to turn ON/OFF Grids
to execute last command
to invoke the Hyperlink command
to turn ON/OFF Ortho mode
to display DBConnect Manager Dialog Box
to create a new Drawing File
to open an existing Drawing File
to display the Plot Dialog Box
to save the content of the Text Window to a Log File
to switch Viewports
to save current drawing
to turn ON/OFF Tablet
to turn ON/OFF Polar mode
to turn ON/OFF Object Snap Tracking
to cut clip selected objects
to redo
to cancel current command
to cancel current command
to turn ON/OFF Property Dialog Box
to turn ON/OFF Design Center Dialog Box
to turn ON/OFF DBConnect Manager Dialog Box

KEYBOARD FUNCTION KEYS


F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12

Online Help
to switch between Graphics Screen to Text Window
to turn ON/OFF Osnap
to turn ON/OFF Tablet
to change Isometric Planes
to turn ON/OFF Coordinates
to turn ON/OFF Grids
to turn ON/OFF Ortho mode
to turn ON/OFF Snap
to turn ON/OFF Polar Tracking
to turn ON/OFF Object Snap Tacking
to turn ON/OFF Dynamic Input
2

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
HOW TO EXECUTE AutoCAD COMMANDS
AutoCAD commands can be given in three ways: (1) use of pull-down menu bar; (2)
use of icon; (3) use of the keyboard. Once the command is given, one will be
prompted on the next step or required input data then press the Enter key to accept
the inputs. When the command prompts are completed, the command can be
terminated by pressing the enter key or the spacebar or the right button of the
mouse.
It is important for beginners to read the command prompt window because it shows
the step by step procedure to properly execute the commands (see Figure 3).

Command Line

Inputted Data

Command Prompt

Figure 3. Command Prompt Window

SETTING THE GRID DRAWING LIMITS/PAPER SPACE


Setting the grid drawing limits or paper space enables the user upon completing all
the drawings to determine if they will fit to the specified paper space. If not,
necessary adjustments should be made such as changing the drawing scale or the
size of the paper.
Sample Problem: Prepare the grid drawing limits/paper space of a short
bond paper (8.5 x 11).
11 = 279.4 mm

Upper right corner coordinates


(279.4,215.9)

8.5 = 215.9 mm

Lower left corner coordinates (0,0)

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
Figure 4. Coordinates and Dimensions of Short Bond Paper
Solution:
Step 1. Set Drawing Limits
Command

: LIMITS (Enter)

Prompts

: Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] 0.0000,0.0000:


(Enter).
: Specify upper right corner 12.0000,9.0000: 279.4,215.9
(Enter).
Where: 279.4 and 215.9 are the x and y coordinates of the upper
right corner of the paper respectively.

Step 2. Set Grid and Snap Spacing


Command

: GRID (Enter)

Prompt

: Specify grid spacing (X) or [ON/OFF/Snap/Aspect]


0.5000: 10.00 (Enter).
Where: 10.00 (variable) is the desired spacing between grid points.

Command

: SNAP (Enter)

Prompt

: Specify snap spacing or


[ON/OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style/Type] 0.5000: 10.0 (Enter).
Where: 10.00 (variable) is the desired snap spacing.

Step 3. Display Grid Points


Command

: ZOOM (Enter)

Prompt

: Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP),


Or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/
Scale/Window/Object] <real time>: All (Enter).
Then, press F7 to turn ON/OFF grid points.

COORDINATES
When prompted to specify a point location in a command prompt, the correct format
of the coordinates must be given. There are three types of coordinate system
formats. These are:
1. Absolute Coordinates x and y coordinates with reference to 0,0
Format: x,y
2. Relative Coordinates x and y coordinates with reference to the previous
point
4

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
Format: @x,y
3. Polar Coordinates distance and angle with reference to the previous point
Format: @distance<angle
Sample Problem:
1. Determine the absolute, relative and polar coordinate formats of points a
to f as shown in Figure 5.
2. Draw Figure 5 using the different coordinate formats.
6
d

5
4

3
2
1
0

Figure 5. Sample Drawing


Solutions:
1. Coordinate Formats
Point

Absolute

FORMAT
Relative

Polar

1,1

1,4

@0,3

@3<90

2,5

@1,1

@2<45

5,5

@3,0

@3<0

6,4

@1,-1

@2<-45

6,1

@0,-3

@3<270

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
2. To draw Figure 5:

Using Absolute Coordinates


Command

: Line (Enter)

Prompts

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Specify first point: 1,1 (Enter).


Specify next point or [Undo]: 1,4 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 2,5 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 5,5 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 6,5 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 6,1 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C (Enter).

Using Relative and Polar Coordinates


Follow the same procedure and input the correct formats of the
coordinates when prompted.

DIRECT DISTANCE ENTRY


Direct distance entry is a method to specify the succeeding point using the cursor to
track direction, and then inputting the distance value of the point. In this process,
the ortho or polar or dynamic mode needs to be turned ON.
Sample Problem: Draw Figure 5 using Direct Distance Entry
Solutions/Procedures:

Using the Ortho and Polar tracking modes

When the Ortho mode is turned ON, the pointing device is limited to
input either horizontal or vertical distance relative to the current point.
When the Polar tracking mode is turned ON, a temporary alignment
direction will be displayed according to the defined polar increment
angle (see Figure 7).
Step 1. Turn ON the Ortho mode using the icon on the Status bar or
the function key F8. Take note that when the Ortho mode is
turned ON, the cursor can only be directed in either horizontal
(left and right) or vertical (top and bottom) directions.
Step 2. Command :
Prompts
:

Line (Enter}.
Specify first point: Pick anywhere on the

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
:
:

:
:

:
:
Value can be changed to
required angle

model space.
Specify next point or [Undo]: Move cursor upward.
Type 3 which is the length of the line, then press
the Enter key.
Specify next point or [Undo]: At this point, the next
line to be drawn is a 45 deg line with length equal to
1.41. Move cursor to Polar tracking icon on the
Status Bar, right click then select Settings. Change
the increment angle to 45 on the Drafting Settings
dialog box and press the Enter key. Turn ON the
Polar tracking mode.
Move cursor and track 45
deg. Type 1.41which is the length of the next line,
then press the Enter key.
Specify next point or [Undo]: Turn ON the Ortho
mode. Move cursor to the right, type 3 which is the
length of the next line, then press the Enter key.
Specify next point or [Undo]: Turn ON the Polar
tracking mode. Move cursor and track 315 deg,
type 1.41 which is the length of the next line, then
press the Enter key.
Specify next point or [Undo]: Turn ON the Ortho
mode. Move cursor downward, type 3 which is the
length of the next line, then press the Enter key).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C (Enter).
Move cursor to track
increment angles. A
temporary alignment
direction will be displayed.

Figure 6. Drafting Settings Dialog Box

Figure 7. Tracking Increment Angles

Using Dynamic Input

Step 1. Turn ON Dynamic Input using the icon on the Status bar or the
function key F12. Once it is turned ON, the command prompt,
distance and angle windows are displayed on the model
space. Data can be entered in these windows (see Figure 8).
Press the Tab key to shift from one window to the other.
7

Au t o CAD
Students Handout
Distance

Command Prompt

Angle

Figure 8. Dynamic Input


Step 2. Command : Line (Enter)
Prompts

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Specify first point: (Pick anywhere on the model space).


Specify next point or [Undo]: 3 (tab) 90 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 1.41 (tab) 45 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 3 (tab) 0 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 1.41 (tab) 315 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: 3 (tab) 270 (Enter).
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: C (Enter).

SELECTING/DE-SELECTING ENTITIES
Most editing commands will prompt to select objects.
select objects. These are:

There are three ways to

1. Objects Selection When prompted to select objects, the cursor turns into a
pick box. Pick (left click) the objects one by one then press the enter key.
2. Window Create a selection window. The entire object to be selected must
be inside the selection window. Start from the upper left corner, press and
hold the left mouse button, then drag to pick the opposite corner. Press the
enter key when done with the selection.
3. Crossing Create a selection window. Start from the lower right corner,
press and hold the left mouse button, then drag to pick the opposite corner.
All objects inside as well as those that intersect with the boundaries of the
selection window will be included in the selection. Press the enter key when
done.