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Item

Navigation
mechanism

Failure
Mode

Cause

Motor
does not
work
properly

Wrong
connections to
the board

Risk Priority
Rating

Local-System
Effect

Sev

Pro
b

De
t

Recommended
Improvement

RP
N

Risk Priority
Rating
Se
v

Pro
b

De
t

RPN

24

Check connections
carefully follow
guidelines if
necessary.

Choose a suitable
propeller based in
calculations and
estimations.

16

Failure in
achieving the
minimum goals.
Propeller
unable to
push the
watercraf
t

Unable to
avoid
walls and
change
direction.

Propeller being
too weak

Wrong
connection or
programing of
the navigation
sensor
Wrong
performance of

Very low
probability of
collecting the
box.

30

Design a novel
Arduino code to
optimize performance.
Make sure connections
are well done.
Calibrate and test the

the servo

Presents
filtering
holes

servo.

Poor material

selection

Possible damage
of the
components

Chassis
Unable to
hold all
the
compone
nts

Poor design

A waste of all the


other efforts.

Put special emphasis


in the design and the
workshops assuring
that the structure and
material accomplish
with their functions.

Power
Supply

Detection
Sensor

Gripping
mechanism

Does not
provide
energy
suitably

Does not
detecting
the box

Unable to
collect
the box

Prototype
remains useless.
Incorrect
calculation and
or connection.

Imposibility of
determining if the
other
components are
functional.

Wrong wireconnection.

Detection
interruption.

Wrong
calibration

Mistakes in the
design

Principal
objective
unachieved

Impossibility to
return the black
box

18

Test previously with


the same sort of
power supplies.

Have more than one


item.

40

18

Make sure the sensor


is well installed and
connected with
previous test.

Check and test the


design many times
estimating the
possible setbacks and
implementing the way
to overcome them in

the design.

Arduino
Uno

Sends
wrong
comman
ds to the
compone
nts

Not functional
code

Prototype
behaving
unexpectedly.

45

Create a good code


test it and verify that
it gives the correct
commands for every
single signal

The prototype was divided into 6 main parts (items) to be analyzed with the FMEA method, the values for severity
probability and determination ratings were graded according to the tables. From the analysis the item with the
highest RPN indicator (45) is the Arduino Uno controller. Therefore there are some improvements planned in order
to avoid a failure of this item, which could be dangerous for the assessment marks and the total performance of
the prototype. With those, the team could reduce its RPN indicator to two thirds its original value (30), which is
much better in terms of performance of the project. Also there were some improvements implemented to the
other items for the same reason. To ensure security no toxic substances are going to be used as materials, a
determination of that was made with a comparison to the HSIS (Hazardous Substances Information System)

30

consolidate list. Moreover safety protocols will be followed in each part of the development of the project in order
to assure all the safety precautions are taken.

Table 1: These tables outline the weighting of different criteria used in the FMEA and Risk Analysis.

Severity
Indicator

Magnitude

No effect

Marks or economic
loss

System does not


work

System is damaged

Injuries or life thead

Probability
Indicator

Magnitude

Not probable

Hardly probable

Probable

High probability that


happens

Certain

Determination
Indicator

Magnitude

Evident

Needs careful
observation

Needs to be touched
or analyzed

Needs to be
dissemble or opened

Needs to be tested