Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

MGW route oveflow towards BSC

Facts from available docs:

During the selection of an MG (Media Gateway) from an MGG (Media Gateway


Group) a load sharing algorithm based on the Round Robin method is applied.
According to this algorithm the MGs of an MGG are arranged in a circular list where
the last selected MG is marked. In a subsequent selection attempt towards the MGG
the search for a usable MG (see 3rd point for meaning) starts from the MG next to the
last selected MG. If an MG is finally selected from that MGG it is marked as being the
last selected. In this way an even load distribution is implemented among the MGs
of an MGG.
During call setup MSC selects a media gateway from the BSC media gateway group
and attempts to seize a circuit on the route connected to that media gateway. If the
circuit seizure is not successful then MSC performs media gateway reselection
from the BSC media gateway group excluding the already attempted media
gateways. Reselection may be repeated until all the possible media gateways in the
BSC media gateway group have been attempted.
A usable MG is an MG that is available, not manually blocked or gracefully locked,
appropriate from MG congestion control point of view, with the proper MG profile
that match the received required capabilities and is not indicated to be excluded from
re-selection. For an emergency call or call requesting High Probability of Completion
(HPC) an MG is usable regardless of whether it is congested or not. If an MG is
already used in a call then it is usable for the specific call regardless of whether it is
congested, manually blocked or gracefully locked.
An MG is considered as congested if its Media Gateway Congestion (MC) value is
greater than zero. A congested MG will be selected only for a fraction of new calls
proportional to the value of its MC.
The load control function is implemented in the MGC (MSC-S) and regulates the
traffic load towards the MGs that the MGC controls. The objective of the load control
function is to maintain a high throughput during long-lasting overload. The regulation
is based on that the MGC decreases its traffic load towards MGs corresponding to
congested signalling routes as well as towards MGs that are congested. The traffic
reduction towards an MG is controlled by its MC.
Analysis of the above points:
Traffic distribution between MGWs to a BSC is evenly distributed according to a load
sharing algorithm. It would seem that the MSC continues with this even distribution
even though the other route is congested and in that case a MGW reselection is
performed (after unsuccessful seizure). Overall MGW congestion (according to an MC
value) is considered rather than route congestion when selecting the MGW. I cannot
ascertain if the same call is retained or lost during MGW reselection in case of an
unsuccessful seizure attempt.
Recommendation:
It is appropriate to have equal number of circuits to each MGW route towards a
particular BSC. Equal number of circuits will avoid unbalanced route utilization and
congestion towards one MGW route while the other route is not congested.