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Dustin Buenaventura, Kim Lambert Cabaobao, Elben Joseph Camama, Mariya Dennise

Concepcion, John Paoleo Dona, Sharele Ebrada, Christian Albert Factoran

Group 2

Friday / 7-10 P.M. / OZ 309

Physics Department, Adamson University, Ermita, Manila

Abstract

This experiment tends to study the primary of conservation of linear momentum on one

dimension. Formulating a formula for

1. Introduction

2.

Linear

momentum

is

defined as the product of the mass and

the velocity. It is a vector quantity and

its direction is exactly the same as that

of

the

velocity.

Unlike

energy,

momentum is not transformed from one

form into another: momentum remains

momentum and is conserved in all

processes. For any system of physical

objects, the linear momentum is

conserved provided that no outside

forces act upon that system. This

requirement that the system be isolated

is reminiscent of our requirement for

mechanical energy conservation. When

we

design

an

experiment

to

demonstrate

the

conservation

of

momentum, we attempt to insure that

the collisions are completely elastic or

completely inelastic, and that no

external forces act on our well defined

colliding system. The conservation of

momentum law states that, in the

absence of external forces, the total

momentum of a system does not

change.

3.

The basic idea is to come

up with one or more equations that

allow us to predict the final velocities in

a system of colliding objects, based on

our knowledge of the initial masses and

velocities of the collision partners. The

measurements will allow us to extract

the velocities of our collision partners

before and after they collide with each

other. The measured initial velocities can

be used to calculate predicted final

velocities.

These

predicted

final

velocities can then be compared to the

final velocities you actually observe in

order to test the conservation of

momentum law.

4. Theory

5.

Momentum: The linear

momentum of a particle or an object

that can be modeled as a particle of

mass m moving with a velocity v is

defined to be the product of the mass

and velocity:

6.

p=mv

7.

Linear momentum is a

vector quantity because it equals the

product of a scalar quantity m and a

vector quantity v. Its direction

8. is along v, it has dimensions ML/T, and

its SI unit is kg E m/s. Using Newton fs

second law of motion, we can relate the

linear momentum of a particle to the

resultant force acting on the particle. We

start with the Newtonfs second law and

substitute the definition of acceleration:

9.

f =ma

10.

This shows that the time

rate of change of the linear momentum

of a particle is equal to the net force

acting on the particle. The impulse of

the force F acting on a particle equals

the change in the momentum of the

particle. From the Newtonfs second

Law,

11. Impulse is defined as:

12.

I=f t

13. `

When we say that an impulse is

given to a particle, we mean that

momentum is transferred from an

external agent to that particle.

14.

15.

Conservation

of

Momentum: For a system consisting of

multiple masses, the total momentum of

the system is given by;

16.

(1)

system and v is the speed of the

center of mass. The total momentum of

a system of n particles is equal to the

multiplication of the total mass of the

system and the speed of the center of

mass. So long as the net force on the

entire system is zero, the total

momentum of the system remains

constant (conserved). This is called the

conservation of linear momentum.

Although the momentums of the each

particle in the system changes, total

momentum remains constant.

v=

18.

19. t=

difference=

20.

x

t

2H

g

the group can get the velocity of each

ball. After computing for the velocity,

the group finally can get the initial and

final momentum with the help of the

computed and the formula for the

momentum.

31.

32.

Results and Discussion

33.

This

part

of

the

dissertation shows and discusses the

result of the experimentation. The result

is shown in the table below

34.

Table 1: First Pair of Ball

(2)

37. Mass Ball 2 (gm)

39. Time (s)

41. Height (cm)

(3)

p 1( p1 ' + p'2 )

p1+ ( p1 ' + p'2 )

2

36. 3.5

38. 8.4

40. 0.259

42. 32.9

43.

100

(4)

21.

Collisions: If two bodies

collide with each other, they apply a big

force to each other in a very short time

interval.

22.

23.

Methodology

24.

25. The group used the following

materials: metal stand with clamp, 4metal balls with different sizes, meter

stick, ramp, carbon paper, scotch tape

and a bond paper.

26.

27.

28.

Set up:

46. Tot

al

initi

al

mo

me

ntu

m

52. Ball

1

48. momentum

53. Bal

l1

54. Ball

2

55.

p1+ p 2 '

56.

g

61.

v1

75.

77. 78.

62.

76.

cm

cm

cm

81.

13

4

8.4 32

86.

82.

84.

88.

102. 104.106. 108.

12

4

7.8 30

107.

103. 105.

109.

cm

cm

1

12 48

95.

4

110. 112. 114. 116.

1

11 44

3

97. 98.

8

13

118. 119.

8

8.

120.

121.

29.

30.

The group was assigned to

determine the total and final initial

momentum of four different ball sizes.

Using the computed mass and the

measured height the group able to get

49.

%

50.

Di

122.

124.

125.64.5

Time(s)

127.0.259

126.

128.Height(cm)

130.

123.24.7

129.32.9

3.

1.

4.

5.

16.

131.

132.

T

he

data

you

6. found in the first

D two tables was

used to calculate

Ball 1

9. Ball 1

10. Ball 2

11. 13.

the first two balls

p1+ p 2 'in which the

group used the

12.

smaller ball as

g

the first mass

17. 19. 21. 23. 25. 27. 29. 31. 33. 34. while the other

bigger ball was

v1

p1 x 1 ' v 1 ' p1 ' x 2 ' v 2 ' p2 '

used

as

the

18. 20. 22. 24. 26. 28. 30. 32.

second ball.

2.

T

8.

15.

x1

Total

initial

moment

um

51.

53. 54.

38.

40.

42.

44.

46.

48.

50.

52.

2

72.

74. 75.

57.

59.

61.

63.

65.

67.

69.

71.

73.

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