Sie sind auf Seite 1von 32

Protection by Development

Heritage Conservation Policy in the


Netherlands
WORKSHOP PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
IN MANAGING HISTORICAL URBAN
PRECINCTS
Module 1: Economy of Heritage Conservation

Peter Timmer
Jakarta, Monday 6 May 2013

1. Heritage Management in NL
2. Protection by Development
3. Modernization Heritage Policy
4. Economic Benefits
5. Public-Private Interaction

1. Heritage Management in NL

National Government
Provinces
Municipalities

Every layer supports heritage


preservation by own legislation,
policy and funding

Decentralized system: local


government plays a key role in
the implementation

Cultural Heritage Agency

Ministry of Education, Culture and Science


Directorate General for Culture and Media

Protect the Netherlands most important movable and


immovable heritage, ensures monuments and historic
buildings, the archaeological resource, the landscape, and
properly care for fine and applied arts
Closely involved in listing, preserving, sustainably
developing and providing access to the most valuable
heritage in our country. The Agency helps other parties to
get the best out of our heritage
4

Traditional Heritage
Conservation
Listed Buildings:

56.000

Archaeological Sites:

1.400

Protected Townscapes: 450

World Heritage Sites:

Protected Townscapes

Monuments Act, since


1961

Protection safeguarded in
spatial planning and land
use control

Objective: not only


preserve, but also enhance
and utilize historical urban
features and inspire urban
developments

At the same time

City centers and old


neighborhoods (1950s and
1960s were in a state of
decay

They were loosing their role


as economic and residential
areas

Protection isnt the key to


preservation

National Rehabilitation
Programme

10

1970s-1980s: Cooperation
between Ministry of Culture
and the Ministry of Spatial
Planning

Objective: revitalize and


rehabilitate by spatial planning
and financial incentives (city
renewal fund)

Workum 1977

Rehabilitation Plan Workum (1977-1997)

11

Stadsherstel organizations

Stadsherstel: city recovery


made it all practicably
possible

Main purpose: purchase and


restore heritage buildings

Over 40 organizations,
operating city bound,
regional, provincial or even
nation wide
12

2. Protection by
Development
Belvedere policy: 1999-2009
Changing mentality
Embracing a development
orientated approach:
Preservation through
development
Heritage as a source for
inspiration

13

Why?
HERITAGE PRESERVATION

Adds attractiveness
Cultural significance

New functions
Economic base for
maintenance

ECONOMIC AND URBAN


DEVELOPMENT

14

Heritage preservation and


economic/urban
development can
complement each other
Heritage enriches
developments, and
developments provide an
economic base for
maintenance and new
functions

How to accomplish it and safeguard features?


1.

Mapping historical value

2.

Mapping development context

3.

Preservation through development


opportunities

4.

Embedding in policy, management,


urban planning and development
projects

Analyzing heritage
features

Translation to points of
departure regarding
preservation, enhancing
features and utilizing
heritage

Interaction between heritage experts,


designers, government and local community.

15

Instruments
Cultural-historical survey
-

Historical urban features


Pattern, landmarks, functions, character
Intangible urban heritage
Area- or building-based points of departure

Historic building survey


-

16

Historical architectural features


Lay out, uniqueness, authenticity, integrity
Intangible heritage
Building-based points of departure

3. Modernization Heritage
Policy
National policy introduced in 2010:
Continuing Belvedere and provide a
legal base for a development
orientated approach in spatial planning

Three Pillars:
Pillar 1: Taking into account culturalhistorical interests in environmental
planning in general
Pillar 2: More powerful and simpler
rules
Pillar 3: To promote adaptive reuse
17

Protected Townscapes?
Continuing story because of:

Status and national


recognition entails pride
and public awareness

18

Favorable real estate


climate due to a long-term
policy based on rules

Character in Focus

Embedding preservation of
heritage in urban or
landscape planning

Objective: clarity about


own role, national
framework for cooperation

Less regulations, more


cooperation by MOU
between governmental
institutions
19

From collection to connection


By exploiting the economic,
social-cultural and ecological
strengths of the heritage site
better
Five priority tasks:
1 World heritage
2 Sea, coast and rivers
3 Redevelopment
4 Living Landscape
5 Reconstruction era

20

4. Economic Benefits
Research on this topic is
increasing
Economic value of real
estate in protected
townscapes: + 5-20%

21

This makes heritage sites


attractive for (long term)
investors

Financial Incentives
Private and public funds
(charity, National Lottery etc.)
National Restoration Fund:
- Providing low interest loans
- Revolving Fund principle

Government supports (co-financing) preservation by


Subsidies for restoration
Subsidies for maintenance
Subsidies for protection by development
22

Financial Incentives
Private and public funds
(charity, National Lottery etc.)
National Restoration Fund:
- Providing low interest loans
- Revolving Fund principle

Modernization (and crisis)


Government supports (co-financing) preservation by
Subsidies for restoration: decreased
Subsidies for maintenance: no change
Subsidies for protection by development: increased
Subsidies for temporary use, to avoid decay
23

5. Public-Private Interaction
Some heritage tasks lie
beyond the benefit, the
interests, and the knowledge
of owners and users

When public interests or


responsibilities come into
play, the government enters
the scene and supplements

System heritage preservation


in the Netherlands is based
on this public-private
interaction

24

Public-Private Partnership

25

PPP goes beyond mere


public-private interaction

Legal agreement between


public and private parties
to achieve a common
objective, reflected in a
project that assures
conservation of heritage
buildings or sites

PPP and heritage


conservation
Stadsherstel approach
Organization purchase, utilize,
restore, heritage sites

Integrated approach
Conservation incorporated in
(urban) redevelopment plans
Community-Based Approach
Preservation part of urban
environmental management
26

PPP as a tool to

27

restore and reuse heritage buildings

Pakhuis De Zwijger
Amsterdam
28

restore and upgrade historical public space

Catharijnesingel
Utrecht

29

rehabilitate and revitalize urban neighbourhoods

Jordaan
Amsterdam
30

inspire and add value to redevelopment


Belvedere
Maastricht

31

Terima Kasih

32