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Result and Calculation

Table 4.1 Static pressure readings when using standard


Nozzle (80mm)
Damper Openings
0
%
25%
50%
75%
100%
No
mm of manometer fluid SG = 0.874
.
Points
Room
11
1 pressure
6
134
120
116
114
11
2 After nozzle
6
140
130
126
126
11
3 54mm
6
140
130
126
126
11
4 294mm
6
142
132
130
128
11
5 774mm
6
144
134
130
130
11
6 Before orifice 6
144
136
132
132
11
7 After orifice
6
228
254
262
264
11
8 1574mm
6
210
230
234
238
11
9 2534mm
6
194
206
210
210
0.0016 0.0021 0.0021 0.0023
Q
0
7
6
6
7
Cd orifice
0
0.6625
0.723
0.6888
0.75
Reynold's
2922.1 3779.6 3779.6 4147.0
Number, Re
0
92
01
01
62
Table 4.2 Static pressure readings when using small nozzle
(50mm)
Damper Openings
0
%
25%
50%
75%
100%
No
mm of manometer fluid SG = 0.874
.
Points
Room
11
1 pressure
6
124
108
104
102
11
2 After nozzle
6
176
182
182
184
11
3 54mm
6
166
166
166
166
11
4 294mm
6
150
144
142
142
11
5 774mm
6
148
142
140
140
11
6 Before orifice
6
150
144
142
142
11
7 After orifice
6
214
232
238
240

1574mm

2534mm

11
6
11
6

Cd orifice
Cd nozzle
Reynold's
Number, Re

0
0
0

202

216

220

222

190
0.001
46
0.662
5
0.736
2554.
73

198
0.0018
6

240
0.0018
6

200
0.0020
4

0.723
0.786
3254.6
56

0.6888
0.766
3254.6
56

0.75
0.82
4199.5
57

3. Calculation for Q for 80mm nozzle (100% damper opening)

Q Ai C D' 2 ghi

80mm 5.0265 10 3 m
D2

4
4
'
C D 0.97; g 9.81m 2 s 1 ; h m
Ai

Q 5.0265 10 3 * 0.97 *

2 * 9.81* 126 114 1000 0.00237

Calculation for Cd for 80mm nozzle (100% damper opening)

Cd

A 2 gh 1.9635 10 3

0.00237
0.7500
2 * 9.81* 264 132 1000

Calculation for Q for the 50mm nozzle (100% damper opening)


- We assume that the Cd would be the same as in 80mm nozzle with respect to their damper
opening

Q C dO A 2 gh 0.7500 *1.9635 10 3 *

2 * 9.81* 240 142 1000 0.00204

Calculation for Cd nozzle, 50mm, for (100% damper opening)

Cd

Q
0.00204

0.8200
A 2 gh 1.9635 10 3 2 * 9.81* 184 102 1000

4. Graph of Cd vs Reynolds number (Re), for 80mm nozzle

80mm Nozzle based on Cd Orifice


0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

0.66

0.72

0.69

0.75

80mm Nozzle based


on Cd Orifice

Graph of Cd vs Reynolds number (Re), for 50mm nozzle

50mm Nozzle based on Cd Orifice


0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

0.66

0.72

0.69

0.75

50mm Nozzle based


on Cd Orifice

As we can see, for 80mm nozzle, as Cd goes higher due to higher flow rate, the Re also increasing and
this same go to the 50mm nozzle. From the Re number, we can know that this is a type of turbulence
flow since Re is greater than 2300.
Calculation of Re based on 80mm nozzle is (100% opening)

Re

4 air Q
4 1.23 0.00237

4147.06
Dorifice air 50 10 3 1.79 10 5

air 1.23kgm3 ; air 1.79 10 5 Nsm 2


Calculation of Re based on 50mm nozzle is (100% opening)

Re

4 air Q
4 1.23 0.00204

3569.62
Dorifice air 50 10 3 1.79 10 5

air 1.23kgm3 ; air 1.79 10 5 Nsm 2


Table of Pressure different (Pa) for 80mm nozzle for the respective tapping position
Different pressure (Pa) for 80mm nozzle
No Points
0
25%
50%
75%
100%

(mm)
3

54

294

774

1574

2534

0
0
0
0
0

51.391
2
68.521
6

85.652
102.78
24
119.91
28
942.17
2
736.60
72

85.652
650.95
52
513.91
2

85.852
119.91
28
119.91
28
1010.6
93
805.12
88

102.78
24
119.91
28
137.43
2
1062.0
85
822.25
92

Calculation for No. 8 (Point 1574mm, 100% damper opening)

P SG water h 0.874 9800 124 1000 1062.085

Table of Pressure different (Pa) for 80mm nozzle for the respective tapping position
Different pressure (Pa) for 50mm nozzle
No Points
0
25%
50%
75%
100%
.
(mm)
359.73 496.78 531.04 548.17
0
3
54
84
16
24
28
222.69 308.34 325.47 242.60
0
4
294
52
72
76
8
205.56 291.21 308.34 325.47
0
5
774
84
68
72
76
668.08 925.04 993.56 1027.8
0
8
1574
56
16
35
24
565.30 770.86 822.25 839.38
0
9
2534
32
8
92
96
Calculation for No. 8 (Point 1574mm, 100% damper opening)

P SG water h 0.874 9800 120 1000 1027.824

5. Longitudinal pressure profile against tapping position for 80mm nozzle


4,000.00

Pres

1062.08

3,500.00

sur

3,000.00
e,

822.26

2,500.00
in

100% damper

2,000.00
Pa

75% damper
50% damper

1,500.00

25% damper

1,000.00
500.00

137.43
102.78 119.91

0.00
54

294

774

1574

2534

Longitudinal pressure profile against tapping position for 50mm nozzle

Pressure in Pa

4000
1027.82

3500
3000

839.39
100% damper
opening

2500
2000

548.17

75% damper opening

1500

50% damper opening


242.61 325.48

1000

25% damper opening

500
0
54

294

774

1574

2534

As we can see from the graph, as air flow past through the orifice plate, the pressure is slightly higher
due to the change in the diameter of the orifice plate.