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DesignExample:DeepMassConcretePadBase.|Builder'sEngineer

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Design Example: Deep Mass Concrete Pad Base.

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A steelframed building is to be built on a


siteadjoiningpreviously,wherevariablell
extendsdowntothelevelofthebedrock.A
heavily loaded stanchion, carrying axial
load only, is to be supported on a pad
foundation.

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It has been decided to found the heavily


loaded base in the sandstone bedrock, in
order to minimize settlement. The base is
tobeconstructedasamassconcretepad.

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Loadings
The superstructure working loads are as
follows:

Allowablebearingpressure
From Design Example, the sandstone has a net allowable bearing pressure of n a = 2000
kN/m2
.
Sizeofbase
The foundation surcharge due to the groundbearing slab is small and can be neglected.
Therefore,

Thereforea1.5m1.5mpadfoundationwillbeused,asshowninFig.11.15.
The stanchion bases are set at a common depth of 300 mm below slab level, and the
remainingdepthofexcavationdowntothesandstonerockistakenupbythemassconcrete
base.
The minimum depth of base required, before it becomes necessary for reinforcement to be
introduced,is500mm(seedepthtoangleofloaddispersioninFig.11.15).Clearlyamass
concretebaseisadequateinthisinstance.

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DesignExample:DeepMassConcretePadBase.|Builder'sEngineer

Labels
FOUNDATIONS (134)

PILES (61)
STRUCTURES (58) WATERPROOFING (58)
SOILS(47)FOOTINGS(30)SITEEXPLORATION
(30)BUILDING (29) PAD FOUNDATIONS (18) STRIP
FOUNDATIONS(18)CONCRETE(15)RAFTFOUNDATIONS
(14) DRILLED PIER FOUNDATIONS (13) RETAINING
WALLS (10) EXCAVATIONS (9) SURFACE SPREAD
FOUNDATIONS(9) DRILLED SHAFTS (6) MAT FOUNDATIONS
(5) SHEET PILE (5) WALLS (5) SLABS (4) SLIP CIRCLES AND
UNDERPINNING (4) STRUCTURAL DESIGN (4) STEEL (3)
BULKHEADS(2)FLOOR(2)MASONRY(2)ROOF(2)STONE (2)

Fig.11.15Massconcretepadbasedesignexample.
The choice between the full sized mass concrete pad and the stub column solution is
determinedfromeconomicconsiderations.

COLUMNS (1) DOORS (1) PIPES (1) TIMBER (1) TIMBER PILES (1)
VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION STRUCTURES (1) WINDOWS (1) WOOD
CONSTRUCTION(1)

Popular Posts

The economic changeover point is where the crosssection required for groundbearing

COMPONENTSOFABUILDING:SubstructureandSuper

purposes becomes excessively wasteful in terms of the cost of concrete compared with the
costofintroducingshutteringtoformthesmallercrosssection.Situationswherethiswould

structure.

applyare:

foundations,and(ii)Supers1ructure.Substructureor
Foundationisthelowerp...

(1)Wherethepadsareverydeep,
(2)Wheretheallowablegroundbearingpressuresareverylow,or
(3)Where,duetothenatureoftheground,ashutteredpadisrequiredinanycase.
The lower pad plan size is determined from the loading and the allowable groundbearing
capacity.Ifthesectionisreducedathigherlevel,thesizeatthepointwhereitisreducedis
generallybasedupona45dispersionofloadthroughthemassconcrete(seeFig.11.16).

Abuildinghastwobasicparts:(i)Substructureor

DesignExample3:ReinforcedStrip
Foundation.
Theloadbearingwallofasinglestorey
buildingistobesupportedonawide
reinforcedstripfoundation.Asite
investigationhasrevea...
Example:Pilecapdesign.
Apilecapisrequiredtotransfertheload
froma400mm400mmcolumntofour
600mmdiameterpiles,asshowninFig.
14.30.Pilecaps...
BORINGMETHODSSITEEXPLORATION.
Thefollowingarethevariousboring
methodscommonlyused:(i)Augerboring.
(ii)Augerandshellboring.(iii)Washboring.
(iv)Percus...
FOUNDATIONSFORBLACKCOTTONSOILS.
Blackcottonsoilsandoherexpansivesoils
havetypicalcharacteristicsofshrinkageand
swellingduetomoisturemovementthrough
them.Du...
TIMBERINGOFTRENCHESSOILS.

Fig.11.16Stubcolumnpadbase.

Whenthedepthoftrenchislarge,orwhen
thesubsoilisloose,thesidesofthetrench

The upper pedestal crosssection is determined from the load, the allowable bearing stress

maycavein.Theproblemcanbesolvedby
adopting...

below the base plate and the allowable compressive stress on the mass concrete in
conjunctionwithasuitablepracticalandeconomicsizeforconstruction.Forexample,thesize
determined from stress considerations often needs to be rounded up to a larger practical
mass concrete crosssection particularly where the mass pier is relatively tall (see Fig.
11.17).

http://www.abuildersengineer.com/2013/01/designexampledeepmassconcretepad.html

DesignExample5:Padbaseaxialloadplus
bendingmoment(smalleccentricity).
Acolumnpadbaseissubjecttoanaxialload
of200kN(dead)plus300kN(imposed),

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6/19/2015

DesignExample:DeepMassConcretePadBase.|Builder'sEngineer
andabendingmomentof40kNm.Tosuitsiteconstrai...
ECCENTRICALLYLOADEDFOOTINGS.
Thefootingsaresodesignedand
proportionedthattheC.G.ofthe
superimposedloadcoincideswiththeC.G.of
thebasearea,sothatthef...
LIVELOADSINABUILDING:onfloors,on
roofs.
Liveloads,alsocalledassuperimposed

Fig.11.17Masspiercriteria.
Categories:CONCRETE,PADFOUNDATIONS

loads,consisiofmovingorvariableloads,
duetopeopleoroccupants,theirfurniture,
temporary...

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