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# 1. Exercise 1.

1, #61
a.

C ( q )=0.01 q2 +0.9 q +2
C ( 10 )=0.01 ( 10 )2 +0.9 ( 10 ) +2
C(10)=12
2

b.

## 9=[0.01 (10 ) + 0.9 ( 10 )+2]

0.01 ( 9 )2+ 0.9 ( 9 ) +2
-[
C ( 10 )C
C ( 10 ) C (9)=1.09

cost=15 qty

price=x

## Let C = cost, R = revenue, P = profit then,

C ( x )=15(1355 x)

C ( x )=202575 x
2

P ( x )=R ( x )C (x)

P ( x )=1355 x (202575 x)

## P' ( x )=10 x+210

R ( x ) =x( 1355 x)

0=10 x +210

10 x=210

## x=21 optimal price is \$21 per

qty=1355 (21)

qty=30
30 sets will be sold each week.
3. Exercise 1.3, #37

Let

C=total cost

and

## P ( x )=5 x 2+ 210 x2025

P' ( x )=0

game

qty=1355 x

R ( x ) =135 x5 x 2

## 4. Exercise 1.3, #46

a.

50 N if 1,000 N 10,000
F( N ) 40 N if 10,000< N 20,000
35 N if 20,000< N 50,000

b.
N

F(N)

1,000

50,000

10,000

500,000

10,000

400,000

20,000

800,000

20,000

700,000

50,000

1,750,00
0

5. Exercise 1.4, #3
a.

P ( x )=3 x17,000

b.

## P (20,000 )=3 ( 20,000 )17,000

P (20,000 )=60,00017,000

P (20,000 )=43,000

## P (5,000 )=3 ( 5,000 )17,000 P

( 5,000 )=15,00017,000

## P (5,000 )=2,000 Producing 5,000 units gives a loss

of \$2,000.
6. Exercise 1.4, #32
x

20

30

41

72

62

100

55

a.

## b. Split equally between the 2

x= y=50 ; use

26+0.5 x since

30 50<72

P ( x )=26+0.5 ( 50 )=51
Profit = 51 thousand dollars
c. Express P in terms of y;
* We know that

P ( y )=?

100=x + y ; x=100 y

so

## 20+ 0.7 ( 100 y ) for 0 100 y< 30

P ( y )= 26+0.5 ( 100 y ) for 30 100 y< 72
800.25 ( 100 y ) for 72 100 y< 100

## 90 y for 100 y >70

P( y )= 51 y for 70 y >28
55+ y for 28 y 0
7. Exercise 1.4, #42
a.

## x=being thenumber of trees

Average yield:
The total yield:

y
=4004 x
60+ x
y=( 4004 x )( 60+ x )

## y=4 x2 +160 x+ 24,000

b.

Vertex=

c.

b
2a

Vertex=

160
2(4)

Vertex=20
60+20=80
The grower
should grow 80
trees to
maximize yield.
8. Exercise 1.4, #52

## x=no . of dining room tables sell

R ( x ) =500 x

C ( x )=30,000+350 x
a.

R ( x ) =C( x )
500 x=30,000+350 x

150 x 30,000
=
150
150
b.

## x=200 ; 200 tables must be sold to breakeven

P ( x )=R ( x )C (x)
6,000=500 x350 x30,000

6,000=150 x30,000
36,000 150 x
=
150
150
c.

## x=240 ; 240 tables must be sold to make a profit of \$6,000

P ( x )=150 x30,000
P (150 )=150 ( 150 )30,000
150 tables are sold.

d.

R ( 200 )=500(200)

## P (150 )=7,500 There will be a loss of \$7,500 if

R ( 200 )=100,000

t=6

## inventories during those months.

10.Exercise 2.1, #50
a.

E ( x )=x D ( x )

b.

Eave =

## E ( x )=x (35 x +200)

E ( x )=35 2+ 200 x

E ( 5 )E(4)
54
2

Eave =125240

Eave =115

c.

E' ( 4 ) =lim

h0

E ( 4 +h )E (4 )
h

h
h0

'

h0

35 h 80 h
h
h0

E' ( 4 ) =lim

E' ( 4 ) =lim

x=4 .

Let

G(t)

is years and

G(t)

t=0
is a linear

## function passing through the points (0,125) and (8,155).

155125
t+125
80

Then

G ( t )=

Then

G(t)=

In 2010,

t=15

15
t+125
4
and the model predicts a GDP of

G ( 15 )=181.25

billion dollars.

## 12.Exercise 2.4, #66

C ( q )=0.2 q2 +q +900
dC
=2 ( 0.2 q ) +1
d

q ( t )=t 2+ 100t

dC
=0.4 q+1
d

t=1

dC d
= (0.2 q 2+ q+900)
d dq

dq d 2
= (t + 100t )
dt dt

dC dC dq
=
=(0.4 q+1)(2 t+100)
dt dq dt

## q ( 1 )=( 12) +100 (1)

dC
q=101= [ 0.4 ( 101 )+1 ] [2 ( 1 ) +100]
dt
t =1

q ( 1 )=101 units
dC
=4222.8
dt
13.Exercise 2.5, #1
a.

1
C( x )= x 2 +4 x +57
5
1
C' ( x ) = ( 2 x ) +4
5

2
C' ( x ) = x+ 4
5

R ( x ) =x ( P ( x ) )

( x4 )

x 9
9 x

b.

x2
4

R' ( x )=9

x
2

2
'
C ( x ) = x+ 4
5
2
'
C ( 3 )= (3)+ 4
5
C' ( 3 )=\$ 5.20

c.

C ( 4 )C ( 3 )=

C ( 4 )C ( 3 )=\$ 5.40

d.

R ( x )=9

x
2

R' ( 3 )=9

3
2

'

## R' ( 3 )=\$ 7.50

][

1
1
(4 )2+ 4( 4)+57 (3)2+ 4(3)+57
5
5

dq
=2 t+100
dt
q ( 1 )=1+100
dC
q=101=(41.4 )(102)
dt
t =1

e.

4 2

3 2

9 ( 3 )

9 ( 4 )
R ( 4 )R ( 3 )=
'
'
R ( 4 ) R ( 3 ) =\$ 7.25

## 14.Exercise 2.5, #13

a. Marginal cost = Derivative of total cost function

## MC=(3 q2 +q+ 500)

MC=6 q +1

M C ' =6 ( 40 )+1
MC =\$ 241
b.

## Actual=MC (q+ 1)MC (q)

Actual=3 ( 41 )2 +41+500[ 3 ( 40 )2 + 40+500 ]
Actual=5584( 5340 )
Actual=244
\$244

## 15.Exercise 2.5, #24

Q ( L ) =300 L2 /3

'

Q ( L )=

200
L1 /3

'
12.5= Q Q (512 ) L=25 L

12.5 25 L
=
25
25

0.5= L

## 16.Exercise 2.6, #55

Q=2 x 3+ 3 x 2 y 2+ ( 1+ y )3
d
dy
dy
2 x 3 +3 x 2 y 2 + ( 1+ y )3 ]=6 x 2 +3 x 2 2 y + y 2 2 x + 3 (1+ y )2
[
dx
dx
dx

d
3
2 2
3
2
2 dy
2
2 dy
2 x +3 x y + ( 1+ y ) ]=6 x +6 x y +6 x y +3 ( 1+ y )
[
dx
dx
dx
dy
dy
+ 3 (1+ y )2
dx
dx
6 x 26 x y 2
=
6 x 2 y+ 3 (1+ y )2
6 x 2 y +3 ( 1+ y )2

6 x2 y

6 ( 30 )26 ( 30 ) ( 20 )2
dy
x=30 =
dx y=20 6 ( 30 )2 ( 20 ) +3 ( 1+20 )2

dy 6 x 26 x y 2
=
dx 6 x 2 y +3 ( 1+ y )2

dy
77,400
x=30 =
dx y=20 109,323

y
=Q'
x
y=Q ' ( x)
y=

77,400
( 0.8)
109,323

y 0.566 units
17.Exercise 3.1, #59
a.

b.

S ( x ) =2 x 3+ 27 x2 +132 x+207
3

## S ( 0 )=2 ( 0 ) +27 ( 0 ) +132 ( 0 )+ 207

207 units will be sold

S ( 0 )=207

c.

S ( x ) =2 x 3+ 27 x2 +132 x+207
S ' =6 x2 +54 x +132

4 (6)(132)

54 2
54
x=
x=2

0< x <17

x=11
S =-12x+54
x=11

S =-12(11)+54

S =-78

0< x <17

## maximum sales level

18.Exercise 3.2, #55
a.

## S ( x ) =x 3 +33 x 2+60 x +1,000

S ( 0 )=03 +33 ( 0 )2 +60( 0)+1,000
1,000 units will be sold

b.

## S ( x ) =x 3 +33 x 2+60 x +1,000

S ' ( x )=3 x 2+66 x +60

## S left (x right ) =-6(x-11)

6>0
S left (12 right ) =-6(12-11)

6 <0

## S (11 )=113 +33 ( 11 )2 +60(11)+1,000

S (11 )=4,322

Sales are increasing at the largest rate when \$11,000 is spent on marketing.

## 19.Exercise 3.3, #46

a. Vertical Asymptote: x=0
To find x-intercept:

0=2 x +

80,000
x

x
(2 x= 80,000
x )
2 x2 80,000
=
2
2

x 2=40,000

## Since a square root cannot equal a negative, this equation has no

solutions, meaning there is no x-intercept.
To find the y-intercept:

y=2 ( 0 ) +

80,000
0

## This cannot be done, since it would result in a zero in the denominator,

so there is no y-intercept.
Horizontal Asymptote

C ( x )=2 x+

80,000
x

C ( x )=

2 x 80,000
+
1
x

C ( x )=

2 x 2 +80,000
x

Since the degree of the numerator (2) exceeds the degree of the
denominator (1), there is no horizontal asymptote.
b. The average cost curve C(x) approaches the line

c.

y=2 x

as x gets larger.

C ( x )=2 x+

80000
x

C ( x )=2 x+ 80,000 x 1
C' ( x ) =2

2=

C ( x )=280,000 x 2

80,000
2
x

80,000 2
x
x2

2 x 2 80,000
=
2
2

x2= 40,000
x=200

## C ( 200 )=2 ( 200 ) +

80,000
200

C ( 200 )=800
20.Exercise 3.4, #19
a.

R ( q ) =?
R ( q ) =q(1802 q)
R ( q ) =180 q2 q 2

R' ( q )=1804 q

C' ( q ) =?
'
3
C ( q ) =q +5 q +162

'
2
C ( q ) =3 q +5

P ( q )=?
P ( q )=R ( q )C ( q )
P ( q )=180 q2 q 2(q3 +5 q+162)
P(q) is maximized at q=7

## P ( q )=q 32 q2 +175 q162

b.

q3 +5 q+162
(
)
A q=
q
2

A ( q ) =q +5+

162
q

A(q) is minimized at

q=4.327 .

E ( p )=

p ( 3000 p2 )
300
100
p

E ( 10 )=

E ( p )=

30
p30

E ( p )=

30
p30

E ( 10 )=

30
1030

3
2

## E(10) < 1 inelastic

22.Exercise 3.4, #47
Let h(x) = number of units assembled if the break is taken
8:00 am

f ( x )=x 3+ 6 x 2 +15 x

## hours later after

g (x )=

1 3 2
x + x +23 x
3

h ( x )=f ( x ) + g ( 4x )
4x 3 +
1

3
(x3 +6 x 2 +15 x ) +

( 23 ) x +3 x +( 2603 )
3

for 0 x 4

( 2603 )
2
h ( 0 ) =(

3 )

0 3 +3(0)2 +

260
86.67
3

(Minimum)

2
( 3 )3 +3
h ( 3 )=
3

( )

h ( 4 )=

287
95.67
3

(Maximum)

## (23 ) ( 4 ) +3(4) +( 2603 )

3

92

x=3
Schedule for breaktime=8+ x

8+3
= 11 :00 A . M
23.Exercise 3.5, #6

## Profit=RevenueCost= {[ 200+20 x ( 15x ) ] ( x ) }{ [ 200+ 20 x ( 15x ) ] ( 3 ) }

P ( x )=[200+20 x ( 15x ) ](x3)

x=15

x=14

## 200+20 ( 14 ) ( 1514 )=220

P ( x )=(200+3020 x)(x3)

P ( x )=(50020 x )( x3)

'

## P ( x )=500 x150020 x +60 x

P ( x )=40 x +560

40 x+560=0
560=40 x
14=x
P (14 )=[ 500( 20 ) (14 ) ] (143)
price of

x=\$ 14

P (14 )=2,420 At a

## 24.Exercise 3.5, #27

Let

P (14 )=(500280)(143)

h=height ,

V =volume

## Cost =( cost per square inch ) (area)

Cost of bottom=3 r 2

## Cost =cost of bottom +cost of side

C=3 r 2 + 2 rh

then,

Cost of side=2 rh

V
C ( r )=3 r 2 + 4 r
r2

( )

4V
C ( r )=6 r 2
r

4V
C ( r )=3 r +
r

'

3
r=h
2

4V
6 r
r2
=
4
4
h=

3
V
r= 2
2
r

V
2
r

3
r
2
h
=
3
3
2
2
2
r= h
3
25.Exercise 3.5, #35

P ( x )=5310 x
3=5310 x
353=10 x

10 x 50
=
10 10
x=5
5 years from now
26.Exercise 4.1, #39
a.

r
B ( t )=P 1+
k

kt

( )

(*)

V = r 2 h

9,000=P 1+
P=

0.07
4

4 (5)

9,000
0.07 4 (5 )
1+
4

P=\$ 6,361.42
b.

B ( t )=P e rt

P=

9,000
e 0.07(5)

P=\$ 6,342.19

## 27.Exercise 4.1, #61

r
k

kt

( )
0.04
B ( t )=500 ( 1+
1 )
B ( t )=P 1+

1(5)

B (t)=\$ 608.33
28.Exercise 4.2, #47

B=P e rt
Let

P=100

200=100 e 12 r
e 12r =

200
100

12 r ln 2
=
12 12
r=0.057762

300=100 e 0.057762 t
e 0.057762 t=
ln e

0.057762 t

300
100
=ln 3

0.057762t
ln 3
=
0.057762 0.057762
t 19.02 years
29.Exercise 4.3, #65

a.

E ( p )=

p dq
q dp

E ( p )=

p
[3000 e0.04 p (0.04)]
0.04
3000 e
p

E ( p )=

## p [ 3000 (0.04 ) e0.04 p ]

0.04 p

3000 e

=0.04 p

E ( p )=0.04 p

|E ( p )|=0.04 p>1

## Elastic for p > 25; or

Inelastic for p < 25; or

|E ( p )|=0.04 p<1

|E ( p )|=0.04=1

b. When

## q ( 15 ) =3000 e0.04 (15) 1,646

E ( p )=0.04 ( 15 )=0.6

p=\$ 15

will result in a

## decrease in the quantity demanded by approximately 0.6%. Consequently, an

increase of 2% in price, from \$15 to \$15.3, results in a decrease in demand of
approximately 1646 [ 2(0.006) ] =20 units , from 1,646 to 1,626 units.
Demand will decrease by approximately 1.2%
c.

R ( p )= pq=3,000 p e0.04 p
R ( p )=3,000 p e0.04 p
'

0.04

R ( p ) =3,000(0.04 p e
p=

0.04 p

+e

1
=25
0.04

p=25

a.

04 t

Q (t )=20,000 e

## Q' ( 5 ) =8,000 e0.4(5)

Q ' ( 5 ) =1,082.69
Value is decreasing at the rate of \$1,082.69 per year.
b.

Q (t )=20,000 e0.4 t
Q (5 )=20,000 e0.4 (5)

Rate per =

Q' (t)
Q(t)

Q (5 )=2,706.71

Rate per =

1,082.69
2,706.71

## Constant rate of 40% per year

31.Exercise 4.4, #25 (graph) (t, y)
a. As

b.

t , f (t)1

0.03 ( 10 )

1e

=0.259

10.259=0.741

c.

0.03 ( 20 )

1e

=0.4511

## 1e0.03 (15) =0.3624

0.45110.3624=0.0887
About 8.9% will sink from 15th to 20th day.
32.Exercise 4.4, #42
a.

1e0.15 (3 )
P (3 )=50
P(3)=50(0.362372)

P(3)=18.1186
b.

F ( t )=P ( t )W ( t )
F ( 5 )=P ( 5 ) W (5 )
F ( 5 )=50 ( 1e0.15( 5) ) ( 150 ( 5 ))
26.3827.39
F(5)=1.01

F ( 7 ) =P ( 7 )W ( 7 )
50 ( 1e0.15 (7 )) ( 150 ( 7 ) )

32.5032.40
F(7)=0.096

## The function can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a training program

because as it clearly indicates, by removing the units produced by the new
workers who took no special training, we can determine the level of units
produced by the average workers after having the special training.
The program after 5 weeks as well as after 7 weeks are both effective,
because both of them yielded positive results. However, the training program
after 5 weeks is more effective for it depicts larger remainder after deducting the
units produced by the workers who do not take the program from the ones who
took. Hence, that residual amount represents the additional units that a worker
can produce after taking the training program.

## N ' ( t )=154 t 2/ 3 +37 t

'
2/ 3
N ( t )=154 t +37

t
N ( t )=154
'

5/ 3

5
3

+37 t

462t t
N ( t )=
+37 t
5

N ( b )N ( a )= N ' ( t ) dt

N ( 8 )N ( 0 ) =

N ( 8 )N ( 0 ) =3252.80

][

462(0) 02
462 ( 8 ) 8 2
+37 ( 8 )
+37 (0)
5
5

N ( 8 )N ( 0 ) =3252.8 3,253

Let

u=t +1 ,

P' ( t )=

du=dx
'

P ( t )=3 t+1 dx

'

P ( t )=3 u du

'

P ( t )=3 u

1 /2

3/ 2

3u
+C
3
2

## P' ( t )=2 u u+C

P (t )=2 t+ 2 t +1+ C

P (t )=2 t+ 2 t +1+ C
P ( 8 )=22.3
35.Exercise 5.3, #47

V (5 )V (0)

## P' ( t )=2 ( t+1 ) t+1+C

2.30=2(0)+ 2 (0)+1+C
P ( 8 )=2(8)+2 8+1+C

C=0.3

## 36.Exercise 5.3, #60

N ' ( t )=5 t 2

0.04 t
t
=5 t 20.04 2 dx
2
t +3
t +3
3

5t
N ( t )=
0.04
3
'

N ' ( t )=

du
2
u

N ' ( t )=

5 t3
0.02 ln |t 2+ 3|+C
3

Let u=t +3

5 t 3 0.04 du

u
3
2

N ( t )=

N ' ( t )=

du 2
= tdx
2 2

5 t3
0.02 ln |u|+C
3

5t3
0.02 ln|t 2 +3|+C=0
3

N ( b )N ( a )= N ' ( t ) dx

0 7 days=1

st

5 ( 0 )3
0.02 ln 02+ 3
3
3
5 ( 7)
N (7 )N ( 0 ) =
0.02 ln |72 +3|
3

week

N (7 )N ( 0 ) =571.59(0.02)

N (7 )N ( 0 ) =571.61
From 7 to 14 = 2nd week
3

5 (7)
0.02 ln 72 +3
3
3
5 ( 14 )
N (14 )N ( 7 ) =
0.02 ln |14 2+3|
3

N (14 )N ( 7 ) =4573.23571.59

N (14 )N ( 7 ) =4,001.4

du
=tdx
2

## 37.Exercise 5.4, #34

1

Giniindex=2 [ xL(x ) ] dx
0

e x 1
dx
e1

Giniindex=2 x

[ ( )
2

x
1
Giniindex=2
1 (e x x)
2
e

e x x
Giniindex= x
e1
2

Giniindex=x 22

Giniindex=12

1+2
e1

Giniindex=

1e+ 2
e1

Gini index=

3e
e1

Giniindex=0.164

ln

90
0.1 t0.07 t
=ln e
140

ln

90
=ln e 0.03t
140

90
0.03t
140
=
0.03
0.03
ln

90
140
t=
=14.7
0.03
14.7 years

( e11 )

Gini index=

ln

10
02 (
( e1
)
[
e1
e1 )]

Giniindex=12+2

a.

e x
e1

14.7

b.

0

14.7

0

NE=

0.07
0.1
0

## NE=[ 2000 e 0.07 t900 e0.1 t ] 14.7

0

NE=[ 2000 e 0.07(14.7) 900 e 0.1(14.7) ] 14.7[ 2000 e 0.07 (0) 900 e 0.1(o) ] 14.7
0
0
NE=1,682.2211,100

NE=582.221
\$582,221
c.

## P' 1 ( t ) =[ 900 e 0.1(0) ]

P' 1( t)=90

(0,90)
P' 2 ( t ) =[ 140 e0.07 (0) ]
P' 2 ( t ) =140
(0,140)
39.Exercise 5.5, #5
a.

## D ( q )=40 e0.05 q ; q 0=10 units

10

40 e0.05 q dq
0

800(1e0.05 (10 ))

800 1

1
\$ 314.78
e

b.

## 40.Exercise 5.5, #13

Po=10+15 e0.03 (3 )
po=\$ 26.41
PE

Producers Surplus

PE q E S ( p ) dp
0

0

PS=\$ 2.14

41.

a.

## P' ( t )=725018t 2(3620+12t 2 )

P' ( t )=363030t 2

b.

30 t =3630

t =121

t=11

t=11 11 years

P (t )= ( 363030 t 2) dt
P (t )=3630 t10 t 3
Evaluating from

c.

t=0

to

## 42.Exercise 5.5, #29

5

PV = 1,200 e0.05 t dt
0

1,200 e0.05 t dt
0

1,200

0.05 t

)|

e
5
0.05 0

## 24,000 [ e0.05 (5 )e0.05 (0) ]

24,000 [ 0.221199 ]
PV =\$ 5,308.78
43.Exercise 5.5, #37
a.

## P' ( t )=1.2 e 0.02t

1.2 e 0.02 t dt 60
P (t )=60 e0.02 t 60
P (3 )=60 e 0.02(3)60
P(3)=3.71 billionbarrels

## P (6 )P ( 3 )=[ 60 e 0.02 (6 )60 ][60 e0.02 (3 )60]

7.653.71
P (6 )P(3)=3.94 billionbarrels
b. 9.12 years
c.

PV = 112 P' ( t )
T

## PV = 112 ( 1.3 e 0.04 t ) dt

\$1,218 billion

PV = 145.6 e 0.04 t
0

PV =1,218

44.Exercise 5.5, #46
T

PV = f ( t ) ert dt
0

PV = M ert dt
0

PV =M ert dt
0

PV =M
PV =

rt

1 e

r
r

M
( 1erT )
r

## 45.Page 466, #68

C' ( q ) =6 ( q5 )2

'

C ( q ) =6 ( q5 ) d

C' ( q ) =6

q 3 10 q 2

+25 q +C
3
2

## C' ( q ) =2 q330 q 2+ 150 q+C

Total manufacturing cost from 10 13 units.
13

C ( b )C ( a )= C' ( q ) dq
10

## C ( 13 )C ( 10 )=[ 2 ( 13 )330 ( 13 )2 +150 ( 13 ) ][ 2 ( 10 )330 ( 10 )2 +150(10) ]

C ( 13 )C ( 10 )=1,274500

C ( 13 )C ( 10 )=\$ 774