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MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS

Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman


30th January 2015

TITLE: Assignment # 1
N~E:

_________________________

ID: ______________________

Chapter 1: Stress

Ql.
Determine the average normal stress in each of the 20-mm diameter bars of the truss. Set P
40kN.

Figure Ql
[Answer: (<7avg}sc=159MPa; (<7avg}Ac=95.5MPa; (<7avg}As=127MPa}

Solution:

LfO -

fk ( t) ~

tr,c. "'

5o F-N

c~

.i'>j

()-t) -

'50 (
f~te

~ 2:- F~ ~ o ~
ff,j:.

~)

so(tt)-

- FAc

-:.

3t> leN (T)

F~ ~

f~ =-~

=D

'>

~~::: lfo~(T)-

.1~

Gyps.B- ~"ti ~1

A ~ Jl ( 0. 0).) '}_

a~

&.f-~

0 . ~ 1lf2 (

ro 3 ) M

b.v
.l.

( 6'avo ),c =
( 6 cw~) A-C.

';!

t=,~

-A

f~

----,

':-

':.

11

( 66.~ J tt1

':;

f,-.(?
ft.

3
SOc1o )
0 -~1 tp. (~\}-?.)

's-'1 ~r~.

sCl Cto ~)
, 'tS-~
0 . -;1 lf:l- ( f\)?.)
if-D(fD?>)
o "?, t 'fl ( 10-3)

;:,.

\\fa..

\:2=f ~r"'

Y:l,

!It

MOB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Q2.
The hangers support the joist uniformly, so that it is assumed the four nails on each hanger
carry an equal portion of the load. Determine the smallest diameter of the nails at A and at B if
the allowable stress for the nails is

ranow

= 28 MPa. The hangers only support vertical loads.


600 N/m

Figure Q2
[Answer: dA=3. 77mm; dn=3.95mm]

Solution:

~ 9:J.

tf>D IY\- -\~ 5-\-wctw-e ~

()A

q.)l>(~) :: l.l.51)"'

~Yz (tso)(s) ~ 3i>l'l

I
UGI~ Vf}M~~ ~ ~~uhA

~ +2:W\A -=0. (

F!IJ (';) - ~:L!;"O ( [).. -r;) - ~75 (t!J ~ 3 + d.-~) f~ =

Wrlf- rs-

N .

-t t~+, =0 ;

F""

-t 1~1-'f--1-S"

fA"
fo.,

VI t\II s

\;2.~- !l-~ N'

t "'

0\.

" :. '+

J.:l'bb - ?,~ ""-o -~

)f (

~)

T ~\lw ~ .)~

lt

~-

Jf\")
2

...f.._.

tA

T4w ,_

Art.
eli ( ro') .,

I ~~-.2S
4-(

Jtr

d.~

1)

= 9>. "t1-

(lOt.) ,

C&,J~

~-

\3fit.~

4-C!L ) &\!1'l.
4-

~=

3 -9s- ~-

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Chapter 2: Strain
Q3.
The piece of plastic is originally rectangular. Determine the shear strain Yxy at comers D and

C if the plastic distorts as shown by the dashed lines.

3mm

Figure Q3
{Answer: ('{c)xy=('{n)xy=O.OJ 16 rad]

Solution:

- --1 _.t-

- . .,_1. ~

.l
I

J~.

~~

.... r ~ f-,t~-r

3._

"="

Lf03

0(,

=- tOttA..._ 1 ( If -

:t. )

o- oo 't-<i ~~r~

=-~~s~ ~

( lf-00 t- s - ~)

& ,._

-[

f"lk

.,._

~?--

!> =-

-I

-tOt~

~
~')..

'

- ht

D :

('r~ ) ,

fr +

'f

, 0 .o 0 b~.:>..;)_5')_

0 D01f'1~2-12-

~ ODll(, ~

:>

U-C,([D 3)r..-..P.
~

- frt c .

~ Ju

o{ ..

; 0-DDlf-~b?-f). -t o.C>Dbb:l-2-SL..

~ D-C>IIb ~:;!

l1-b(J6 3)rJ

k'

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Q4.
The triangular plate ABC is deformed into the shape shown by the dashed lines. If at A, eAB =
0.0075, 8Ac = 0.01 and Yxy = 0.005 rad, determine the average normal strain along edge BC.
\!

c '"

T:-- ,_,.

300mm

ry

J
-L-4--------------~~----x

--18

A 1 - - 400mm-

Figure Q4
[Answer: 8nc=5.98(Jo-3)]

Solution:

4-c'
(3 I

lk

<>-h-e +ct. cJ

L It<.'

le~

30 3

M~

1'rC

.'

::- (1 -to-ol) C;ro-o)

lA-c.

Y'\.l-Y, .

= { I -f cc_~) L~
~

Arb~

~~

( I + rr_'l )

-:::;.

::;;

LA~,

lft13

-:.

( l -+

o . oo-=r-s-) Cc.roo)

~-

() : :. 2L _ 0 .ooS

::. 1- s-~

t;g

~-=tt ~so

Lv,'

J 3160'2 -t

ttl)l);

;o-

s-ro \1\-\h,

~ ~~

~~ af~~

~ <=-

c~~N. ~)

Le-e..
::

SOd..-9~ - SVV
SlYD

~ ~-'1&(!o 3) ~;~

- - - - - - - - :1-

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Chapter 3: Mechanical Properties of Materials


Q5.
The aluminum block has a rectangular cross section and is subjected to an axial compressive

force of36 kN. Ifthe 37-mm side changed its length to 37.6033 mm, determine
(a) Poisson's ratio
(b) the new length of the 50-mm.
[Take Eat= 70 GPa]

36kN
36kN

Figure Q5
[Answer: (a) v =0.321; (b) h' SfJ.fJBBJ'JB mm]

ST>oo If.>

Solution:

"lko..

f=~ ~
A,. (o-os)(e>-C>~1)

3b ( lb~)

11-tt-~ (Lo')

to

5~1Vl

..

- 0 .0

({OP!)

~~J(~ fo ~ ~~
31- c:>o.;3

G111\t ,.. 3"f !70~~

37

~ c

0 0

.)..tl-K'

--vc,

f\.ldlA t'li 0;'1

'1 - o. ~1~ {t"\) 3).

J.~'Keft~

~)r 7"'~~~5

-t \h

:
5

S'"l )e._

.)

(<A) fti~~ 5 ~{lb


-y :;: - f; tA--t
blo~
"' -

( 0
-

(\.) l\.ew ~ ~

\-/ :

O~lg xli"3)

<!>

:>-fl- '?

f(o- 3 )

ro ~"1~ .

.,-o t 0 . 0 ~ I g ( IO 3 )

$"0)

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Q6.
The elastic portion of the tension stress-strain diagram for an aluminum alloy is shown in the
figure. The specimen used for the test has a gauge length of 50 mm and a diameter of 12.5 mm.
If the applied load is 50 kN, determine the new diameter of the specimen. The shear modulus
is

Gal

= 28 GPa.
u(MPa)

"-----'--------- E

0.(Xl614

(mm/mm)

Figure Q6
[Answer: d'

12.4716 mm]

Solution:

?O

J1,
~

(n?)

c\J.-~ ~ ~?> r
~\, +I~~ ~~.5

v.J<J_

~ ~ ?r~

~ -s-+~~ ~~~;

~ Cto~)

o.\0

So,

oo "'Lf-

~ ~:ru-f\~

ok

Lto11t4- ( !()~)

8 I .lf-3 ~ CI 0~ )

).-(\-t-v)
6

~~

l'l\

~~~ &~~~

cz_ [e..f = - y t- {0~


=-

vf

OltC"lt-lh(0-00~?.3)

::.- 0-00;}').l:l.

~~
ot

1\ J = "-i<>r o1

'Tk ~ ~'611*
J' ~ J+

- o Od:J.~'" (\H), - o-o d.!flr ~~><.

b~ ~
~

\#.C--- 0-0l.&lr

p. l{t{b W\~

'

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Chapter 4: Axial Load

Q7.
The copper shaft is subjected to the axial loads shown. Determine the displacement of end A
with respect to end D if the diameters of each segment are dAB= 20 mm, dsc = 25 mm, and

dcD = 12 mm. Take Ecu = 126 GPa.

36kN
A 22.5 kN 8

C 9 kN
Figure Q7

Solution:

_,~

u:

),~

.2.~-sJc:.N

:1

~[
A.

;l::l.b"\<t-4

(-,r~

( lf-5:

-~)~

=-

~~

"'"<f_fL
__.

fr-.

-- c-PL.)
-~

{ (- -;~(tt>'!> ) (

:!(:WJ{lU~)

l- )

)J

(p.I.,1-I'(/1

Lf
7

MDB 2034: SOLID MECHANICS


Associate Professor Dr Abdul Rahim Othman
30th January 2015

Q8.
The hanger consists of three 20I4-T6 aluminum alloy rods, rigid beams AC and BD, and a
spring. If the hook supports a load of P = 60 kN, determine the vertical displacement of F.
Rods AB and CD each have a diameter of I 0 mm, and rod EF has a diameter of I5 mm. The
spring has a stiffness of k = I 00 MN/m and is unstretched when P = 0. (Take Eai = 73.1 GPa)

450mm

L
p

Figure Q8
Solution:

, ~~ LocJA~- T~

r\()Y ~

"M 4k

fa.,~

Jv,.elof<,i

~ h)c!r

t1=, 1\f,

~ c D tirJ ~ ~

fi-t>

rM~ ~~

~qttm~

- Tk ~-- Su-{t'~ (AV'e/)1


Atr ~ JL (o,o,s-) ~ ~ C -J)
4
=' o _r ~ ~ 1 ro
A/'r&-=-- ALtJ -:- 11

4-

(o.oll.) ~

2-

1-8SLt(lb-

5
)

8
')

" f'~

LA-t>

~l r~?) { o-'+>)

::

.~"" to.\

1 ~ (los;) ( 't'S-1 xiQ~

-=- )-_ ~Sl4- ~ ~


-~

f(5i~\v.t.

~c1t\t~.

~\tj

4k

''~~ .-lrJio--fe.. ~ ~r FM

~~

s?- ~ ~
~

C+ ~\ )

o F[1r

, -

v'l'~

\)

st.~~

bo(!t>')
Iob CI\'>'')

_ o- h (\t~~

~ tA~ ~ ~ c-vJ.. A ,

E:>

0 JfA -+

::

:. !L ss-llf -t

'F(

-t

bV\11~ ~

~E/& .

~-&o\()l + e-~

':. 5 . blf ~\. J,