14 views

Uploaded by Matthew Foong

turbine

- Hydraulics & Hydraulics Machines July 2013
- Sap Kws Gt 1b r&m Oh Report 10jul13
- SVS.435 Steam Turbine Control Upgrades
- Wind Turbine
- WKV_Turbinen_2010_EN-rev1
- 2-1_R05_Nov_2011.pdf
- Online Monitoring Devices
- Performance of Combined Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade Between Airfoil NACA 0018 With Curve Blade With and Without Guide Vane
- Turbine Type
- An Experimental Investigation on Air Impinging Jets Using Visualization Methods
- Aircraft Engine Rools-Royce
- An Improved Radial Impulse Turbine for OWC
- Ch 5 Steady Device
- Trent1
- LNG+Co
- Free Energy - Steam Jet Water-Air Pump
- full53f_933885.pdf
- InTech-Tribology in Water Jet Processes
- turbo machines
- 566343049494905

You are on page 1of 9

IMPULSE TURBINE

It consists of one or more stationary inlet nozzles (Spear nozzles), a runner, and a casing. The

runner has multiple buckets mounted on a rotating wheel. The pressure head upstream of the

nozzle is converted into kinetic energy contained in the water jet leaving the nozzle. As the jet

strikes the rotating bucket, the kinetic energy is converted into a rotating torque.

T Q r (V1 U )(1 Cos )

U r

(1)

and friction is neglected.

V1 C v

2 g HT

(2)

c) Power delivered by the fluid to the turbine runner

W

shaft Q U (V1 U )(1 Cos )

(3)

d) Condition for Maximum Power

U V1 / 2

(4)

e) Turbine Efficiency

T 2 C v 2 (1 )(1 Cos )

(5)

REACTION TURBINE

U 1 = Runner vane velocity OR Tangential velocity of Runner OR vane peripheral velocity at inlet

V1 = Absolute velocity of water (leaving the guide vane) at inlet

W1 = Velocity of water relative to runner vane (Relative velocity of water) at inlet

V 1 = Tangential component of the absolute velocity at inlet OR Velocity of whirl at inlet OR Swirl

at inlet

Vr1 = Velocity of flow (flow velocity) at inlet OR Radial velocity at inlet

U 2 = Runner vane velocity OR Tangential velocity of Runner OR vane peripheral velocity at outlet

V2 = Absolute velocity of water at outlet

W2 = Velocity of water relative to runner vane (Relative velocity of water) at outlet

V 2 = Tangential component of the absolute velocity at outlet OR Velocity of whirl at outlet OR

Swirl at outlet

2 = Runner vane angle at outlet (Vane angle at outlet)

Vr 2 = Velocity of flow (flow velocity) at outlet OR Radial velocity at outlet

i)

Discharge

Q 2 r1b1Vr1 2 r2Vr 2

(6)

ii)

Tshaft Q (r1 V 1 r2 V 2 )

(7)

iii)

W

shaft Tshaft Q (U 1 V1Cos 1 U 2 V2 Cos 2 )

(8)

iv)

W

water power g Q H T

(9)

v)

W

Tshaft

T shaft

Wwater power

g Q HT

vi)

(10)

1 Cot 1 (2 r1 b1 / Q Cot1 )

2

(11)

U 1 U 2 U ( Dt Dh ) / 4, and

Vr1 Vr 2 Vr Q / A, where

2

2

A ( Dt Dh )

4

(12)

At maximum efficiency V 2 0 and V2 = Vf, it follows that the energy transferred by the fluid

to the turbine per unit weight of the fluid

U V 1

g

In which V 1 V f Cot . Since E should be the same at the blade tip and at the hub, but U is

grater at the tip, it follows that V 1 must be reduced. Similarly, the velocity of flow Vf should

remain constant along the blade and, therefore, Cot must be reduced towards the tip of the

blade. Thus, has to be reduced and, consequently, the blade must be twisted so that it makes a

greater angle with the axix at the tip than it does at the hub.

GENERAL RELATIONSHIPS

vii)

NPSH

viii)

p atm pv

Z hL

g

(13)

( p atm pv ) / g Z hL

HT

ix)

CQ

(14)

Q

D3

(15)

x) Power Coefficient

CP

xi)

Head Coefficient

CH

gH

2 D2

xii)

(16)

3 D5

(17)

NPSH Coefficient

C NPSH

g NPSH

2 D2

(18)

xiii)

Similarity Rules

W

POWER: 2 2 2

W1 1 1

H 2 g1 2

H 1 g 2 1

HEAD:

D2

D1

D2

D1

Q

D

DISCHARGE: 2 2 2

Q1 1 D1

xiv)

(19)

(20)

3

(21)

1/ 2

1/ 2

CP

W T /

Ns 5/ 4

g HT 5/ 4

CH

xv)

SPEED FACTOR

r

2 g HT

(22)

- Hydraulics & Hydraulics Machines July 2013Uploaded byPrasad C M
- Sap Kws Gt 1b r&m Oh Report 10jul13Uploaded byVIBHAV
- SVS.435 Steam Turbine Control UpgradesUploaded byMachineryeng
- Wind TurbineUploaded byMayita Contreras
- WKV_Turbinen_2010_EN-rev1Uploaded bymig22ismago
- 2-1_R05_Nov_2011.pdfUploaded byVenkatesh atmakuru
- Online Monitoring DevicesUploaded byyogi_swarn
- Performance of Combined Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Blade Between Airfoil NACA 0018 With Curve Blade With and Without Guide VaneUploaded byIndra Herlamba S
- Turbine TypeUploaded byKrishna Pd Bhurtel
- An Experimental Investigation on Air Impinging Jets Using Visualization MethodsUploaded byEKKACHAI PRABNAKORN
- Aircraft Engine Rools-RoyceUploaded byShanmuga
- An Improved Radial Impulse Turbine for OWCUploaded bySylvia Pei
- Ch 5 Steady DeviceUploaded byRenu Sekaran
- Trent1Uploaded bygohar
- LNG+CoUploaded bylubangjarum
- Free Energy - Steam Jet Water-Air PumpUploaded byKlaus Rocca
- full53f_933885.pdfUploaded bysharma.hansraj
- InTech-Tribology in Water Jet ProcessesUploaded byjunaidmasoodi
- turbo machinesUploaded byratchagaraja
- 566343049494905Uploaded byashoku2
- Speed vs CurUploaded byjnmanivannanmech
- Gas TurbineUploaded byarsalantariq15
- (3)Modelling and ControlUploaded byChandra Sekhar
- Maintenance Publications ATA SPECIFICATIONUploaded byAnonymous bqR3TroLgK
- Dguha1952.Blogspot.com 2014 05 Turbine Generator Pkg EreUploaded bytpplant
- FM Qpaper Nit Raipur Mech 5th SemUploaded byShashi Bhushan Patel
- Report 3Uploaded bybalamurali s
- 16therUploaded byArun Yoga
- Presentation CompressorsUploaded bymohamed anwar
- Types of TurbinesUploaded byAsim Amir

- Binding Sign Off R3 (Updated Feb 2018).pdfUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Chap15_10eUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Chap01_10eUploaded byJim
- ReadmeUploaded bycarlos valdez
- Access Control With Sap and b Comm ErpUploaded byMatthew Foong
- AntennaUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Newest Report With Rubric TrussUploaded byMatthew Foong
- group-2Uploaded byMatthew Foong
- DS_vms_v2Uploaded byMatthew Foong
- 222739585-Electric-Drive-Solution-Manual.pdfUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Problem Set F09 03 SUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Impact of a Jet.docxUploaded byConniefer Choi
- Lecture 1Uploaded byMatthew Foong
- Programme (1)Uploaded byMatthew Foong
- Tablet Lab FUploaded byMatthew Foong
- ReadmeUploaded bycarlos valdez
- Final DraftUploaded byMatthew Foong
- Expt80 (1)Uploaded byDinesh Kumar Subramaniam
- HW8-F10Uploaded byMatthew Foong
- HW8-F10Uploaded byMatthew Foong

- A Combined Packed-Bed Friction Factor Equation Extension to Higher Reynolds Number With Wall EffectsUploaded by1940LaSalle
- Fundamentals of Centrifugal PumpsUploaded bywholenumber
- Series and ParallelUploaded byErvz Mission
- ANSI ASABE S375.2 DEC1996 (R2009)Uploaded byStephan
- Centrifugal Pump DesignUploaded bydinsha
- 1 bUploaded bybob
- UFGS 33 11 23Uploaded byDebye101
- BOOK 13 [BL]Uploaded bydirgan_udyana
- Production & Process, Module - 4, Pumps, 2000Uploaded byAnonymous Xy309m9Sm9
- Mechanical EngineeringUploaded byHongwei Guan
- Orifice MeterUploaded bySumit Jha
- Slugging in Pipelines What You NEED to KnowUploaded byAnthony Johan
- Lm SectionUploaded byPartsGopher.com
- Computational Analysis of Turbulent flow heat transfer and pressure loss in Duct or Pipe with Segmental BafflesUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Skoflo HighTurndown_060712Uploaded byedrice
- SampleUploaded bystreetranpu
- Me2135ca Tpset4 Part 1 p6-p12 w p1 and p2Uploaded byJsjd
- PED certs from 01 01 2015 to 30 09 2015 dnvba_tcm8-45570Uploaded byTahir Mahmood
- Drip_Pan_Elbow-Technical_Information.pdfUploaded byAnonymous B1AOOsmRMi
- Troubleshooting Guide DeaeratorsUploaded byvictorvikram
- 15100Uploaded byNoushad P Hamsa
- Flow Induced VibrationUploaded bySuthan Selvaraj
- fluid mixing.docxUploaded byMuhd Noor Shafee Kamisan
- Fan DetailUploaded byQaz Zaq
- Jesco Ejector PresiuniUploaded byNicolae Ciprian Anghel
- -What Do We Know About Pressure - Leakage Relationships in Distribution SystemsUploaded bySkywalke3r
- Tube-Mac® Piping Technologies Ltd. Catalogue (Imperial Units)Uploaded byTheAnonymousLugia
- Blasius.pdfUploaded bysanketdange2007
- CHBE+401 (1)Uploaded byaawlachew
- Report: Pneumatic UTMUploaded byadibah ismail