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EMCDDA (2009), Preventing later substance abuse disorders in identified

individuals during childhood and adolescence: review and analysis of

international literature on the theory and evidence base of indicated prevention,
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon.
NICE (2007), 'Community-based interventions to reduce substance misuse among
vulnerable and disadvantaged young people. Public Health Intervention Guidance
no.4', Technical report, National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

Hill, L. G., & Betz, D. L. (2005). Revisiting the retrospective pretest. American
Journal of Evaluation, 26(4), 501-517.

Pratt, C. C., McGuigan, W. M., & Katzev, A. R. (2000). Measuring program outcomes:
Using retrospective pretest methodology. American Journal of Evaluation, 21(3),
Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Ward, P. (n.d.). Addressing response-shift bias:
Retrospective pretests in recreation research and evaluation. Manuscript submitted
for publication.

Foxcroft, D. R., Ireland, D., Lister-Sharp, D. J., Lowe, G., & Breen, R. (2003).
Longer-term primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people: A systematic
review. Addiction, 98, 397-411.

Bry, B. H., Catalano, R. F., Kumpfer, K. L., Lochman, J. E. &

Szapocznik, J. (1998). Scientific Findings from Family Prevention
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Family Focused Prevention of Drug Abuse: Research and
Interventions. NIDA Research Monograph, Washington, DC:
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Abraham, W. Todd, and others. School- and family-level income effects in a
randomized controlled prevention trial: a multilevel analysis. In Family Support as
Reflective Practice, Pat Dolan, John Canavan and John Pinkerton, eds. London:
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2006.
Foxcroft, D. R. Alcohol Misuse Prevention for Young People: Psychosocial and
Educational Interventions. London: Alcohol Concern, 2003. Foxcroft, D. R., and
others. Longer-term primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people: a
systematic review. Addiction, vol. 98, No. 4 (2003), pp. 397-411.
Foxcroft, D. R., and others. Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young
people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 3, 2002. Available from

Mason, W. Alex, and others. Influence of a family-focused substance use

preventive intervention on growth in adolescent depressive symptoms. Journal of
Research on Adolescence, vol. 17, No. 3 (2007), pp. 541-564.
Molgaard, Virginia K., Richard L. Spoth, and Cleve Redmond. Competency
training: the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10 14.
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of
Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Prevention, August 2000.
Redmond, Cleve, and others. Modeling long-term parent outcomes of two
universal family-focused preventive interventions: one year follow-up results.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 67, No. 6 (1999), pp. 975-984.
Spoth, Richard L., Cleve Redmond, and Chungyeol Shin. Reducing adolescents
aggressive and hostile behaviors: randomized trial effects of a brief family
intervention 4 years past baseline. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent
Medicine, vol. 154, No. 12 (2000), pp. 1248-1257.

Az informcitads nmagban nem hatkony a veszlyeztetett fiatalok
kbtszerfogyasztssal kapcsolatos magatartsnak s attitdjnek
megvltoztatsban. 12 Magas kockzat egynek csoportba szervezse a
droghasznlat nvekedshez vezethet. Ez akkor kvetkezik be, ha a fiatalok
eltanuljk egymstl a devins viselkedst. Ha nem strukturltan, vagy
felgyelet nlkl tltenek egytt idt, eltanulhatjk egymstl a devins
viselkedst.13 Clzott prevenci esetben fennll annak a veszlye, hogy a
fogyasztsi magatartst nem preventv mdon befolysoljk.14 A magas
kockzat fiatalok kortrs programokban val rszvtele sorn a veszlyeztetett
csoportok kztti lehetsges negatv fertz hatsok miatt nagy krltekintsre
van szksg.15

12 Roe, E., Becker, J. (2005), 'Drug prevention with vulnerable young people: a
review', Drugs: education, prevention and policy', 12 (2), pp. 85-99. 13 Sussman,
S. et al. (2004), 'The Motivation, Skills, and Decision-Making Model of Drug
Abuse Prevention', Substance Use & Misuse, 39, (1012), pp. 19712016. 14
Wicki. and Stbi (2001) in: Buehler, A & Kroeger C. (2006) Report on the
prevention of substance abuse. Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA
15 Cho, al. (2005), 'Evaluation of a high school peer group intervention for
at-risk youth', Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33 (3),pp.3637.


By Type of SFP Program

Underlying Empirically-tested Theory

Aktan, G. (1998). Evolution of a substance abuse prevention program with inner city
African-American families. Drugs-and-Society. 12(1-2).
Kumpfer, K.L. (1999). Factors and Processes Contributing to Resilience: The Resilience
Framework. In M.D. Glantz and J.L. Johnson (Eds.) Resilience and Development: Positive
Life Adaptions, 179-224. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Kumpfer, K.L., & Turner, C.W. (1990-1991). The Social Ecology Model of Adolescent
Substance Abuse: Implications for Prevention. The International Journal of the Addictions,
25(4a), 435-463.
Redmond, C., Spoth, R., Shin, C., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). Modeling long-term parent
outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: One-year follow-up
results. Journal-of-Consulting-and-Clinical-Psychology. 67(6): 975-984.
Russell, D.W., Kahn, J. H., Spoth, R., & Altmaier, E. M. (1998). Analyzing data from
experimental studies: A latent variable structural equation modeling approach. Journal-ofCounseling-Psychology. 45(1): 18-29.
Spoth, R., Redmond, C. (1996) Illustrating a framework for rural prevention research: Project
family studies of rural family participation and outcomes. In Peters, R. (Ed), McMahon, R. J.
(Ed). Preventing childhood disorders, substance abuse, and delinquency. Sage Publications,
Inc; Thousand Oaks, CA.
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (1998). Direct and indirect latent-variable parenting
outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: Extending a public
health-oriented research base. Journal-of-Consulting-and-Clinical-Psychology. 66(2): 385399.
Spoth, R., Goldberg, C., & Redmond, C. (1999). Engaging families in longitudinal
preventive intervention research: Discrete-time survival analysis of socioeconomic and
social-emotional risk factors. Journal-of-Consulting-and-Clinical-Psychology 67(1): 157163.
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., & Lepper, H. (1999). Alcohol initiation outcomes of universal
family-focused preventive interventions: One- and two-year follow-ups of a controlled
study. Journal-of-Studies-on-Alcohol 13: 103-111.
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., Shin, C., & Huck, S. (1999). A protective process model of parentchild affective quality and child mastery effects on oppositional behaviors: A test and
replication. Journal of School Psychology,. 37(1): 49-71.
Spoth, R. L., Redmond, C., Kahn, J. H., & Shin, C. (1997). A prospective validation study of
inclination, belief, and context predictors of family-focused prevention involvement. FamilyProcess 36(4): 403-429.
Spoth, R., Reyes, M. L., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (1999). Assessing a public health approach

to delay onset and progression of adolescent substance use: Latent transition and log-linear
analyses of longitudinal family preventive intervention outcomes.Journal-of-Consulting-andClinical-Psychology 67(5): 619-630.
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., Shin, C., Lepper, H., Haggerty, K., & Wall, M. (1998). Risk
moderation of parent and child outcomes in a preventive intervention: A test and
replication. American-Journal-of-Orthopsychiatry. 68(4): 565-579.
Springer, J.F., Sambrano, S., Sale, E., Nistler, , M., Kisim, R., & Hermann, J (2000).The
National Cross-site Evaluation of High-risk Youth Programs: Final Report. EMT Associates,
Inc. and ORC Macro, Prepared for CSAP, Rockville: MD.
Turner, C., Sales, L., & Springer, F. (1998). Analysis of the High Risk Youth Grantee
Program: Pathways to Substance Use. Paper Presented at the 3rd Annual CSAP High Risk
Youth Conference, Cincinnati, OH, July 23, 1998.

A program a csaldot clozza meg, tbbkomponens, dinamikus, interaktv,

viselkeds s vlekedsvltozst tz ki clul.
Az lseket elnys, ha frfi-n csoportvezetpr irnytja. Javallott 6 s 12
hnappal a program lezrulta utn uttallkozkat tervezni a program pozitv
hatsainak erstse rdekben.
A program adaptcija megvalsult Ausztrliban, Spanyolorszgban,
Hollandiban, Olaszorszgban, Portugliban, Oroszorszgban s Thaifldn. A
10-14 vesek szmra kszlt programverzi adaptcija sikeresnek bizonyult
tbbek kztt Peruban, Chilben, Costa Ricban, El Salvadorban, Svdorszgban,
Norvgiban, az Egyeslt Kirlysgban (Allen, Coombs, Foxcort, 2006)
Cultural Adaptation Process for International Dissemination of the Strengthening
Families Program Karol L. Kumpfer, Methinin Pinyuchon, Ana Teixeira de Melo and
Henry O. Whiteside
Allen, D., Coombs, L., & Foxcroft, D. (2006). Cultural accommodation of the
Strengthening Families Programme 10-14: UK Phase I study. Health Education
Research, 22(4), 547-560