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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................5

1.1

GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................... 5

1.2

PURPOSE OF DOCUMENT ................................................................................................................... 6

1.3

PROJECT ENGINEERING DOCUMENTS ............................................................................................. 6

1.4

CONFLICTS AND DEVIATIONS ............................................................................................................ 6

1.5

DEFINITIONS.......................................................................................................................................... 6

REFERENCE CODES, STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS ...............................................................8

QUALITY SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................................9

3.1

Inspection ................................................................................................................................................ 9

3.2

Vendors Responsibilities ........................................................................................................................ 9

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS ...............................................................................................................11

4.1

MATERIALS .......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.1

Composition ...................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2

Tangent Lengths and Bends Ends ................................................................................................... 11

4.1.3

Bend Radii ........................................................................................................................................ 11

4.1.4

Test Rings ......................................................................................................................................... 11

4.1.5

Mother Pipe....................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2

Manufacturing Procedure ...................................................................................................................... 11

4.3

MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION (MPQ) .............................................................. 13

4.3.1

General ............................................................................................................................................. 13

4.3.2

Tensile Testing.................................................................................................................................. 13

4.3.3

Impact Testing .................................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.4

Hardness Testing.............................................................................................................................. 14

4.3.5

Corrosion Testing.............................................................................................................................. 15

4.3.6

Essential Variables ........................................................................................................................... 15

4.4

PRODUCTION BENDS......................................................................................................................... 16

4.5

DIMENSIONS........................................................................................................................................ 16

4.6

WELD BEVELS ..................................................................................................................................... 18

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING...............................................................................................................19

HYDROSTATIC TESTING .......................................................................................................................20

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MECHANICAL TESTING .........................................................................................................................20

REPAIR ....................................................................................................................................................20

COATING AND PROTECTING ................................................................................................................20

10 MARKING .................................................................................................................................................21
10.1

API REQUIREMENT ............................................................................................................................. 21

10.2

STENCIL MARKING ............................................................................................................................. 21

10.3

DIE STAMPING..................................................................................................................................... 21

11 CERTIFICATION ......................................................................................................................................22
12 HANDLING AND STORAGE ...................................................................................................................22
13 DOCUMENTATION ..................................................................................................................................22

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INTRODUCTION

1.1

GENERAL

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The Aboozar oil field is located In Persian Gulf some 75 KM to the west of Kharg Island district. This
project includes two Aboozar A20 & A21 new wellhead platforms and infield pipe lines and subsea
cables. The A20 platform will be installed in a location with 6200 m distance from existing Aboozar AC
complex. The A21 platform will be installed in a location with 2600 m distance from existing Aboozar
AA platform. The Aboozar field is located in a water depth of approximately 40 meters.
The existing facilities consist of:
- 3 production platform (AA/AB/AC )
- 10 multi well platforms (A9/A10/A11/A12/A14/A15/A16/A17/A18A/19)
- 3 flare structures with associated supporting platform
- 1 quarters platform (AQ)
- 3 unit platforms located on Flare Bridge supporting platform.
The three main components of the WORK are the followings:
New offshore platforms
Two unmanned wellhead platforms, equipped with the minimum production facilities, including top
deck and jacket. Their names are A20 and A21. It is supposed that they are identical.
Subsea Pipelines and Cables
Supply and installation of subsea pipelines and cables in A20 and A21 to existing platforms
Modification on existing platforms. Figure 1.1 shows Aboozar field overall view.

Figure 1.1 Aboozar field overall view

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PURPOSE OF DOCUMENT
This Specification defines the minimum technical requirements for induction-formed riser and spool
bends.

1.3

PROJECT ENGINEERING DOCUMENTS


These Specifications shall be read in conjunction with the following project specifications.
Table 1.3: Project Scope of Work

Item

1.4

Document / Drawing Title

Document / Drawing No.

Pipeline Design Basis

AB-EPL-DB-GOXX-2101

Line Pipe Specification

AB-EPL-SP-GOXX-2112

CONFLICTS AND DEVIATIONS


All conflicts between requirements of this specification, related contract documents, national standards
and codes of practice shall be referred to the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY for clarification.
Where The VENDOR wishes to deviate from this Specification, or any references contained herein
these deviations shall be clearly stated by the VENDOR and approved by the EPC CONTRACTOR /
COMPANY prior to the commencement of work.

1.5

DEFINITIONS
Throughout this specification, the following definitions shall apply:
Company

Iranian Offshore Oil Company (IOOC)

EPC Contractor

Consortium of Jahan-pars and DRG Oil as EPC contractor of project

Consultant

means Petrogas-Jahan as design engineering subcontractor of Consortium


Drosea is appointed as sub-contractor is Petrogas-Jahan for provision of
Jacket/topside structural and pipeline engineering.

Vendor

means anyone who provides goods or services to a company. A vendor often


Manufactures and / or sells their products to a customer

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May

Used to indicate that provision is optional

Shall

Used to indicate that a provision is mandatory

Should

Used to indicate that a provision is not mandatory but is recommended as


good practice

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REFERENCE CODES, STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS


The latest revision of the following codes, standards, and specifications will be used. Codes & Standards
DNV-OS-F101
(2010)
ASME:
BS 427 Part1:
BS 5996:
BS EN 10204:
API5L/ISO 3183
API2B:
API RP 5L-1:
ASTM A370:
ASNT-TC-1A:
ISO 9002: 1994:
ISO 9001:2000:
MR0175ISO 15156
NACE TM0177:
NACE TM0284:

Submarine Pipeline System


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section V: Non Destructive
Examination
Method of Vickers Hardness Test-Testing of Metals
Methods for Ultrasonic Testing and Specifying Quality Grades
of Ferritic steel Plate
Metallic Products: Types of Inspection Documents
Specification for Line Pipe 44th Edition
Specification for Fabrication of Structural Steel Pipe
Recommended Practice for Railroad Transportation of Line
Pipe
Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products
Personnel Qualification and Certification in Non-Destructive
Testing
Model for Quality Assurance in Production, Installation and
Servicing
Quality management systems - Requirements
Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield
Equipment
Laboratory Testing of Metals for Resistance to Sulfide Stress
Cracking in Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Environments
Evaluation of Pipeline and Pressure Vessel Steels for Resistance
to Hydrogen-Induced Cracking

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QUALITY SYSTEM
The VENDOR shall maintain an effective program for quality assurance, and quality control, planned
and developed in conjunction with all functions, necessary to meet the requirements of the EPC
CONTRACTOR / COMPANY Purchase Order or Sub-contract. The requirements shall be met by the
establishment and implementation of procedures which shall ensure that acceptable products are
presented to EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY. The program shall demonstrate both recognition of
the quality requirements of the order and an organized approach to satisfy these requirements. The
quality program shall ensure that quality requirements are determined prior to commencement of
manufacture and subsequently satisfied throughout all phases of production and delivery. The
VENDORs quality systems and quality control procedures shall be in accordance with BS EN ISO
9002 and shall be subject to review and approval of EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY.

3.1

Inspection
EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY will visit the nominated production facilities for the purpose of
witnessing all procedures to be used in the manufacture, inspection, testing, identification and storage of
the induction bends through all stages of manufacture. The EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY
reserves the right to require changes to be made to any nominated manufacturing, inspection testing or
storage practices that do not meet the requirements of this specification, and to reject materials at any
and all stages of manufacture. All representatives of EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY shall be
allowed free access to all parts of the works where material for the preparation and coating is being
processed, used, repaired, inspected or stored. The VENDOR shall fax/telex EPC CONTRACTOR /
COMPANY giving notification at least two week prior to the start of the coating process to enable
inspection arrangements to be made.

3.2

Vendors Responsibilities
The VENDOR shall furnish all materials for bends manufacture, all equipment, all test equipment to
measure bend properties and all instruments or standards for calibrating such devices and tools
necessary for completing the work in this specification.
The VENDOR shall maintain all equipment to be used to perform the work in good condition and shall
make available calibration certificates to the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY, as requested.
The VENDOR shall guard against injury to personnel and property at all times.

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The work shall meet any additional requirements stated on the accompanying procurement package.
The EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY reserves the right to inspect and reject at all stages of induction
bend manufacture if the work is not in accordance with this specification. The VENDOR shall submit a
production schedule to the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY for approval. The VENDOR shall give a
minimum of seven (7) days written notice of commencement of the work. The VENDOR shall give the
CONTARCTOR full and unrestricted access to all areas of the work concerned with the preparation,
manufacture, and inspection and testing of the bends. If any inspection or testing reveals that the work is
not in accordance with this specification, then the entire manufacturing procedure shall be repeated from
the point where the Sub-Contractor can demonstrate compliance with this specification. Such remedial
work shall be carried out at no expense to the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY. The EPC
CONTRACTOR / COMPANY reserves the right to use still or video photography to document the
preparation, manufacturing or inspection activities at any stage of manufacture. All tests performed by
the VENDOR or his suppliers to establish the properties or characteristic of materials shall be in
accordance with the listed codes and standards or in accordance with test methods referenced therein. In
all other cases the Sub-Contractor shall obtain approval from the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY
for alternative standards or test methods to apply. Any errors or omissions noted by the VENDOR shall
be immediately brought to the attention of the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANY. The VENDOR shall
submit all required documents on time for the EPC CONTRACTOR / COMPANYs approval.

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TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

4.1

MATERIALS

4.1.1 Composition
The VENDOR shall be responsible for supplying 6", 12" and 14" NPS, carbon steel pipe material
suitable for manufacturing bends in accordance with this Specification. SUPPLIER shall select suitable
pipe joints from the PURCHASER pipe stock. The selected pipe joints shall have wall thickness such
that after the bending the minimum wall thickness complied with the specified minimum requirements.
4.1.2 Tangent Lengths and Bends Ends
All bends shall be supplied with 500mm long tangent lengths at each end. Weld bevels shall be prepared
on all ends before application of that treatment. Beveled ends shall have the bevel angle and root face in
accordance with the requirements of API 5L/ISO 3183 for plain end pipe. All ends shall be fitted with
material bevel protectors.
4.1.3 Bend Radii
Pipeline bends shall be supplied with bend radii of 5D.
4.1.4 Test Rings
Test rings of length 300mm shall be supplied to represent pipe size and heat treatment batch for the
purposes of welding Procedure and Welder qualification.
4.1.5 Mother Pipe
The mother pipe used for the production of induction bends shall generally be in accordance with the
appropriate project Line pipe specification AB-EPL-SP-GOXX-2112 latest revision.

4.2

Manufacturing Procedure
Bending shall be in accordance with a written manufacturing procedure specification (MPS), which
shall be submitted to PURCHASER for approval prior to commencement of production.
This procedure shall include all proposed operations and tests, together with all appropriate parameters
and acceptance criteria. The minimum information that shall be presented in the MPS is listed below:

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The bending process used


Supply of material; manufacturer and manufacturing location of material
Bending process control procedures
Heat treatment procedures
NDT procedures
Corrosion testing procedures
Use of specified mechanical and corrosion testing
Dimensional control procedures
Marking, coating and protection procedures
Handling loading and shipping procedures
The Manufacturing Procedure Specification (MPS) shall as a minimum contain the following
information:
The bending process used
Supply of material; manufacturer and manufacturing location of material
Bending process control procedures
Heat treatment procedures
NDT procedures
Corrosion testing procedures
List of specified mechanical and corrosion testing
Dimensional control procedures
Marking, coating and protection procedures
Handling loading and shipping procedures
Reference to applicable supplementary requirements, e.g. NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 sour Bends shall
be made from lengths of straight pipe (mother pipe). Bending shall be carried out without mandrels
using progressive local induction heating at the point where the pipe is being bent Miter or wrinkle
bends are not permitted. Once the bending operation has commenced any stoppage shall not be
permitted until the entire bend is completed. Post-bend heat treatment shall be applied over the entire
bend and tangent lengths unless SUPPLIER can demonstrate to the satisfaction of PURCHASER that

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the specified properties can be achieved in the as-bent condition. Heat treatment procedures shall be
submitted to PURCHASER for approval as part of the induction bending procedure.

4.3

MANUFACTURING PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION (MPQ)

4.3.1 General
A test bend shall be produced to qualify each heat and production bend diameter using the thickest pipe
to be bent. Further test bends are required for variations outside the permitted wall thickness range, bend
radius and process variable ranges.
The examinations and mechanical tests as described in this and the following subsections shall be
performed on each test bend. All tests shall be performed on a bend in the final heat-treated condition.
For bends subject to a full austenitising heat treatment after bending, e.g. as part of a quench and
tempering heat treatment, mechanical testing at transition areas is not required.
Dimensions of the bend shall meet the requirements of Section 6.5 of this Specification the bend shall
be non-destructively tested in accordance with Section 7 of this Specification. The testing procedures
and acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with the relevant linepipe specification (refer to section
2.1) unless otherwise stated in this Specification.
4.3.2 Tensile Testing
Tensile testing of specimens with the following orientations and locations:
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material at the inner and outer arc radii (4total)
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material at the start transition area of the inner
and outer arc radii (4no. total)
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material in the tangent length (2no. total)
Transverse from the seam weld of bends fabricated from welded pipe at the tangent length,
start and stop transition area and the arc area (4no. total)

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AB

4.3.3 Impact Testing


Charpy V-notch impact testing of specimens with the following orientations and locations:
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material at the inner and outer arc radii (4no.
sets total)
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material at the start transition area of the inner
and outer arc radii (4no, sets total)
Longitudinal and transverse from the base material in the tangent length (2no. sets total)
Transverse from the weld metal, fusion line and fusion line + 2mm of bends fabricated
from welded pipe at the arc area (3no. sets total)
Transverse from the weld metal of bends fabricated from welded pipe at the start and stop
transition areas (2no. sets total)
Charpy V-notch impact tests shall be carried out at -10C. Acceptance criteria shall be 30J minimum,
and 36J minimum for average of 3no. specimens.

4.3.4 Hardness Testing


Full wall macro samples will be removed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the pipe from the
following locations.
The inner and outer radii of the base material at the start and stop transition areas (4no sets
total)
The tangent length of the base material (1 no. set total)
The start and stop transitions areas of the weld metal of bends fabricated from welded pipe
(2no. sets total).
The macro sections shall be polished and Vickers hardness tested in accordance with BS 427 Part 1. The
maximum hardness shall be 220Hv10 in the base material and 248 Hvl0 in the weld and HAI. The
hardness survey shall be as follows:
For base material: parallel to the pipe wall. 2 mm from each surface and at the midthickness. A minimum of 12 indentations at 2 mm intervals shall be recorded.
For weld macros as shown in Figure 6.1
The bend shall be non-destructively tested in accordance with Section 7.0 of this
Specification.

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4.3.5 Corrosion Testing


Where sour service is specified Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) testing shall be required. The testing
will be in accordance with NACE TM0284, using test solution A. The test specimens maybe taken from
the tangent lengths and shall not be flattened. The acceptance criteria shall be as follows:
Crack length Ratio, CIR < 15%
Crack Thickness Ratio, CTR < 5%, with no transverse cracking greater than 0 1 mm
Crack Surface Ration, CSR < 1.5%

4.3.6 Essential Variables


All tests shall be performed on a bend in the final heat treated condition. For bends subject to a full
austenitising heat treatment after bending (e.g. as part of a quench and tempering heat treatment),
mechanical testing at start and stop transition areas specified above shall not be required. The testing
procedures and acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with the relevant linepipe specification (refer
to section 6.1) unless otherwise stated in this Specification.
The following parameters shall be essential variables, changes in which will necessitate re-qualification
of the MPS:
Change of mother pipe materials from one heat to another
Any change in the diameter of mother pipe. unless otherwise agreed by PURCHASER

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Any increase in the wall thickness of mother pipe or any decrease of more than 20%
Any decrease in bend radius, or an increase of more than 25% to the qualified bend radius
Any change in the bend forming process
A change in the hot forming temperature by more than f 15C
Any change in the post-fonning heat treatment e.g. addition/deletion, temperature ranges,
method, time

4.4

PRODUCTION BENDS
All production bends shall be manufactured using the approved and qualified manufacturing procedure.
Any variation in procedure or deviation from the bend forming parameters used for the test bend, shall
be cause for rejection
All production bends shall be non-destructively examined in accordance with the requirements of
Section 7 of this Specification
Hardness testing shall be performed on the external surface of the completed bends using a
PURCHASER-approved portable hardness tester The testing shall comprise a minimum of 8
measurements around the bend circumference in the tangent lengths and In the middle of the arc section.
Where tangent lengths have not been subject to Induction heating, hardness measurements shall also be
taken in the start and stop transition area. The maximum hardness shall not exceed 300Hv10 except
where sour service is specified, when the hardness shall not exceed 248Hv10.

4.5

DIMENSIONS
The wall thickness at any location on the finished bend shall not be less than the minimum wall
thickness as specified in the relevant pipeline datasheet. The wall thickness of the sacrificial MPQ test
bend shall be measured ultrasonically at 150mm intervals along a band 50mm wide at the inner and
outer radii of the bend between the start and stop transition areas. The wall thickness of production
bends shall be measured on the circumference at locations representing the extrados. Intrados and
neutral zone.
All bends shall be supplied to the following dimensional tolerances:
The inside diameter measured at each of the bend tangent ends shall be within the
tolerances specified in the relevant linepipe specification (see section 2 1)

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Out of roundness, measured as the difference between maximum and minimum outside
diameter, shall not exceed 3.0% of the nominal pipe outside diameter in the body of the
bend. At the ends of the bend. out of roundness shall be within the tolerances specified in
the relevant linepipe specification (see section 2.1)
Each production bend shall be tested using a gauging pig. The gauge shall consist of two
parallel circular plates at least 96% of the minimum pipe inside diameter and separated by a
rigid bar of length 1.5 times the pipe inside diameter
Out of plane tolerance shall not be greater than 0.1 mm per degree of bend angle
The radius of bend curvature shall be within 1% and 12.7mm of the specified value
The bend angle, as shown in Figure 6.2, shall be within 0 75 degrees of the specified
value.
The ends of all bends shall be cut square to the axis of the bend, within a tolerance of
1.5mm

Figure 4.5: Out of Plain Dimension

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Figure6.3: Centre to End Dimension of Formed Bends

4.6

WELD BEVELS
The bends ends shall be as specified on the relevant data sheet. Where required, weld bevels shall be
prepared in accordance with API5L/ISO 3183.

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NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
Non-destructive testing shall be performed on all bends in the final heat treated condition. Procedures
for all non-destructive testing shall be submitted to PURCHASER for approval prior to commencement
of testing and shall include techniques used and acceptance criteria.
SUPPLIER shall only use NDT personnel qualified to ASNT-TC-1A level 2 minimum or agreed
equivalent. The following NDT shall be performed:
100% visual examination of the external surface and accessible parts of the internal
surface. The bends shall be free from gouges, dents, wrinkles, bulges, kinks and surface
spalling
If not ultrasonically tested on the mother pipe prior to bending, 100% ultrasonic testing
over an arc of 90 both sides of the extrados of the bend using a shear wave technique. A
reference standard with longitudinal and transverse notches equivalent to 5 percent of the
nominal wall thickness of the pipe and in accordance with the requirements of API 5L SR 4
shall be used. All discontinuities exceeding the reference standard shall be recorded and
investigated.
A 50mm wide circumferential band at the final cut ends of the bend shall be ultrasonically
tested for laminations in accordance with BS 5996 Level E3.
The longitudinal seam weld of bends fabricated from SAW or ERW pipe shall be 100%
ultrasonically tested according to the requirements of the relevant line pipe Specification in
section 2.1
100% magnetic particle testing shall be performed over an arc of 120- on the extrados of
each bend, in accordance with ASME Section V Article 7 or equivalent approved by
PURCHASER. Neither imperfections exceeding 6mm in length nor cracks shall be
permitted. All surface scale shall be removed by wire brushing prior to magnetic particle
testing
100% magnetic particle testing of the end faces or weld bevels of each bend for laminar
imperfections in accordance with ASME Section V Article 7 or equivalent approved by
PURCHASER. Imperfections exceeding 6 mm shall not be permitted.

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Document Title

Long Radius Bends


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HYDROSTATIC TESTING
Hydrostatic testing shall be performed on all completed bends Test pressure shall be the same as for the
mother pipe, according to the requirements of the relevant linepipe specification in section 6.1.

MECHANICAL TESTING
The mother pipe for bend fabrication The SUPPLIER shall be responsible for supplying 6", 12" and 14
NPS carbon steel pipe material suitable for manufacturing bends in accordance with this Specification.
As the mechanical properties of the bends have been determined during procedure specification tests,
destructive mechanical testing during production will not be required, and mechanical testing will be
made on the test bend only.

However, PURCHASER reserves the right to require destructive

mechanical testing whenever production bending parameters or heat treatment parameters, do not meet
with the parameters established in the qualified procedures. In such cases, the extent of testing shall be
specified by PURCHASER. Acceptance criteria for all tests shall be in accordance with Section 6 of
this Specification. SUPPLIER shall propose a test procedure for approval by PURCHASER.
8

REPAIR
Minor surface imperfections may be removed by grinding, provided that the minimum wall thickness as
defined in Section 6.5 of this Specification is maintained and no sharp notch results. To ensure removal
of defects, the ground area shall be inspected by magnetic particle testing according to procedures
approved by PURCHASER. The wall thickness shall be checked by ultrasonic examination. Surface
imperfections which cannot be removed .within these limits shall be cause for rejection of the bend.
Weld repairs to the body of the bend will not be permitted.
Laminations in the weld bevel may be removed by further machining provided that the dimensions of
the bend are maintained within the specified limits.

COATING AND PROTECTING


The bends surface shall be free from all deleterious substances and the bends shall be supplied bare and
free of all paint marking. i.e uncoated.

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Document Title

Long Radius Bends


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MARKING

10.1 API REQUIREMENT


The carbon steel bends shall be clearly marked in accordance with the API 5L/ISO 3183 Specification
Section 11.

10.2 STENCIL MARKING


Both ends of the bend shall be hard stamped on the bevel near the weld with a unique bend number that
can be traced to the original pipe number. For bends manufactured from pipe of diameter less than 8,
the pipe number may be applied by paint stencil to the external pipe surface.
Unless otherwise specified, using paint stencils, each bend shall be marked internally near one end with
the following information.
Bend tag number
Pipe original individual identification number and bend suffix
Purchase order 1 item number
Heat No
Diameter wall thickness
Bend angle & radius
Manufacturer.
For bends manufactured from pipe of diameter less than 8, the paint markings may be applied to the
external pipe surface. Any sections of unused straight pipe shall be marked with the original pipe
number and suffix (if more than one).

10.3 DIE STAMPING


Both ends of the bend shall be hard stamped on the end bevel with a unique bend tag number that can be
traced to the original pipe number.

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Long Radius Bends


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CERTIFICATION
Unless otherwise stated in the Requisition, materials shall be delivered by SUPPLIER with certificates
in accordance with BS EN 10204 type 3.1 B attached to the relevant certificate for the parent line pipe.

12

HANDLING AND STORAGE


SUPPLIER shall submit to PURCHASER for approval, procedures for handling, stacking during
storage, and stacking and securing bends for shipment. VENDOR shall provide APPROVED bevel
protectors. No welding of temporary attachments for handling, stacking or securing shall be permitted.
All handling, loading and unloading shall be done in such a manner as to minimize damage using slings
or padded hooks.
Rail cars, trucks, lighters, ships or other conveyances shall be free of debris or any substance that might
damage the bends prior to loading and suitable timber and other dunnage shall be used to protect the
bends against damage in transit.
Loading onto or into rail cars, trucks, lighters, ships or other conveyances shall be performed in
accordance with API RP 5L 1 or API RP 5LWas appropriate, and in all cases in accordance with the
approved handling procedures. No on-deck marine shipment shall be permitted.
Finished bends to be stored for a significant period of time at the mill or marshalling yard shall be stored
in a manner to prevent corrosion.
Bends shall not rest on projections, be subjected to point loadings or be allowed to rub on an adjacent
object. Pipe stresses shall be limited to prevent loading which results in out -of roundness.

13

DOCUMENTATION
The following documentation shall be provided by SUPPLIER:
Supplier Inspection Release Certificate
Mother Pipe Mill Certificates
Certified Bend Test Reports - mechanical, hydrotest (if applicable), dimensional and nondestructive testing
Bend Control Sheets containing
1. Purchase Order and Item Number

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DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
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Document No. :
Document Title

Long Radius Bends


Specification

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2. Material Grade
3. unique bend number
4. mother pipe number and heat number
5. bend radius and angle
6. outside diameter
7. size
8. length
9. weight
10.inside diameter of pipe ends
11.test piece numbers
NDT procedures and NDT Technicians qualifications certificate
Quality Plan
Manufacturing Products Specification