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Bsnl
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Practical

Training Report

At
BSNL, JODHPUR CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION TO BSNL SDH SYNCHRONOUS DIGITL HERARCHY OCB ORGAN
CONTOL BOARD MDF MAIN DISTRIBUTION FRAME PCM PULSE CODE
MODULATION PROCESS ABBREVIATIONS

2
BSNL

BHARAT SANCHAR NIGAM LIMITED is abbreviated as BSNL. It is fourth largest


departement of TeleCommunication Company in Asia and seventh in world today. Which is one
of the most earning revenue in India. Above more than 3 laces employees, officer and engineers
working in BSNL at present. Previously electro mechanically exchanges for use in India namely
Strowger type exchange, cross bar exchange were there. These manual telephone exchanges
suffered from some disadvantages. To overcome these an automatic exchange was introduced in
this system. In 1980s PITHROTHA LTD. Introduced C-DOT exchange in India. These
exchanges replaced by electro mechanical exchange. These exchange which has wide range of
capacity replaced electro mechanical exchange, C-DOT-128, C-DOT-256, C-DOT-512, C-DOT1024(SBM) exchange, C-DOT-2048(MBM) exchange and so on. Besides C-DOT exchange ILT
exchange, E-10B exchange also proved of mild stone in Telecommunication Sector to replace
electromechanical exchanges, which were most sophisticated and modern latest techniques
electronics exchanges. There after it was OCB-283 exchange which proved very important
exchange in this series to replace electro mechanical exchanges. Now it is WLL & GSM
mobiles which is also proved a mild stone in Telecommunication sector. It was 31
st
march 2002 when BSNL started these GSM mobile and today it has provided almost 35 lacks
mobiles in all over country. WLL system which is also a mobile with limited mobility in city &
can have Tele communication facility in that area almost. While GSM can cover all cities of the
country. DOT provides the following facilities :

Telegraph services
3

Telephone services such as Local calls, Trunk calls, Overseas calls etc.

Wireless services including mobile wireless services for police, defense, metrological
departments, etc

Renting of Broadcast & TV channels

Telecom Bureau Services

Data Services

FAX Services Telecom factories to manufacture telephone switching boards and accessories at
Bhilai, Mumbai, Calcutta and Jabalpur.

I.T.I. Bangalore for the manufacturing for the carriers, VFT, Coaxial and microwave equipment.

I.T.I. Gonda for the manufacturing of E-10B electronic exchange equipment.

Hindustan Cables LTD. Hyderabad & Rupnarainpur for manufacturing underground cables.

Hindustan teleprinters LTD Chennai for manufacturing teleprinters. Local telecom network at the
metropolitan cities of Mumbai and Delhi are under the MTNL(Mahanagar Telephone Nigam
Limited). Its Corporate office is at Delhi. Hence Telecommunication sector has changed our life
style today entirely and today it seems that world has become very small.
SDH (SYNCHRONOUS DIGITAL HERARCHY)
INTRODUCTION :
It is an international standard networking principle and a multiplexing method. The name of
hierarchy has been taken from the multiplexing method which is
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