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16 Rumus tenses bahasa Inggris dan tips

menghafalkannya.
Tenses bahasa Inggris - Pada pelajaran kali ini saya akan menjelaskan tentang 16
rumus tenses dalam bahasa Inggris terlebih dahulu, jika anda sudah benar
benar paham, maka anda bisa lanjut ke bagai mana cara menghafalkannya yang
mudah. Sebelum anda mempelajari ini, sebaiknya anda menyempatkan untuk
membaca tentang tenses terlebih dahulu, karena jika anda mengalami istilah yang
anda tidak tahu, anda bisa melihatnya disana. Saya sudah menjelaskan semuanya
secara sangat rinci disana. Jika anda belum membacanya, silahkan lihat => disini.
1.

Berikut 16 rumus tenses bahasa Inggris tersebut:


RUMUS TENSES

JENIS TENSES

PRESENT

Verbal

Simple present tense


Present
tense

Non- Verbal (Nominal)

S + V(s/es) + O/Adv

S + tobe + Adj/Adv

continuous S + Tobe + Ving + O/Adv

Present perfect tense

S + Have/Has + V3 +
O/Adv

S + tobe
Adj/Adv

being

S + Have/Has + been +
Adj/Adv

Present
perfect S + Have/Has + been + S + Have/has + been +
Ving + O/Adv
being + Adj/Adv
continuous tense

PAST

Simple past tense

S + V2 + O/Adv

S + Was/Were + Adj/Adv

Past continuous tense

S + Was/were + Ving +
O/Adv

S + Was/Were + being +
Adj/Adv

Past perfect tense

S + Had + V3 + O/Adv

S + Had + been + Adj/Adv

Past perfect continuous S + Had + been + Ving + S + Had + been + being +


O/Adv
Adj/Adv
tense

FUTURE

Simple future tense

S + Will/Shall + V + O/Adv

S + Will + be + Adj/Adv

Future continuous tense

S + Will + be + Ving +
O/Adv

S + Will + be + being +
Adj/Adv

Future perfect tense

S + Will + Have +
O/Adv

V3 +

S + Will + Have + been +


Adj/Adv

Future
perfect S + Will + Have + been +
Ving + O/Adv
continuous tense

S + Will + Have + been +


being + Adj/Adv

Simple past future tense


PAST
FUTURE

S + Would + V1 + O/Adv

S + Would + Be + Adj/Adv

Past future continuous S + Would + Be +Ving +


O/Adv
tense

S + Would + Be +being +
Adj/Adv

Past future perfect tense

S + Would + Have +V3 +


O/Adv

S + Would + Have + Been


+ Adj/Adv

Past
future
perfect S + Would + Have + been
+ Ving + O/Adv
continuous tense

S + Would + Have + been


+ being + Adj/Adv

Note:
1.
Untuk tenses FUTURE dan PAST FUTURE ( Yang non verbal) mungkin sangat
aneh jika digunakan kedalam kalimat, karena walaupun ada, tenses tersebut jarang
sekali digunakan dalam percakapan sehari hari.
2.

Untuk PAST FUTURE, Apapun subject nya, harus tetap menggunakan HAVE.
Kurang lebih dimikian tentang rumus tenses yang digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris.
Jika anda masih ada yang kurang paham tentang apa yang telah saya paparkan,
silahkan tinggalkan komentar.
2. Cara yang mudah dalam menghafalakan ke 16 rumus tenses tersebut.

Pertama kita harus hafal terlebih dahulu Nama nama 16 tenses tersebut, lalu kita
lanjutkan menghafalkan rumusnya. Untuk bagaimana mengingat nama nama
semua tenses tersebut, sudah pernah saya jelaskan dalam postingan sebelumnya.
silahkan anda lihat disini. Lalu sekarang kita akan mempelajari bagaimana cara
mengingat rumusnya. Disini saya akan menjelaskan secara poin poin, agar lebih
mudah difahami.
1.

Ciri ciri kaimat verbal adalah menggunakan VERB dan Object

2.

Sebaliknya, ciri ciri kalimat non verbal adalah TOBE dan adjective.

3.

To be disini diasumsikan sebagai (am, is, are), atau bentuk satu.

4.

Ciri cirri kalimat continuous adalah TO BE + Ving. (am, is , are, untuk present.
Was were untuk Past. Dan been untuk perfect continuous.

5.

Ciri ciri kalimat perfect adalah HAVE/HAS/HAD + V3. (Ket: Have untuk Present,
Had untuk Past)

6.

Ciri cirri dari kalimat PERFECT CONTINUOUS ADALAH Have/Had + Been + Ving.

7.

Ciri cirri kalimat future adalah Will.

8.

Ciri ciri kalimat Past Future adalah WOULD.


Note: Pastikan anda hafal semua ciri ciri tersebut.
Lalu bagaimanakan kita bisa membuat kalimat dengan tanpa melihat rumus? Mari
kita coba praktekkan.
Kita ambil contoh, kita membuat rumus PAST PERFECT yang verbal.

1.

Semua kalimat disini diawali dengan subjek, maka kita harus menentukan
subjeknya dulu.

I+
2.

3.

Setelah subjek terdefinisikan, lalu kedua adalah meletakkan Had dan Verb 3.
Karena seperti yang saya jelaskan tadi ciri kalimat verbal untuk perfect adalah had
+ V3. Kita menggunakan Had karena kita mau membuat kalimat Past. ( lihat poin
nomer 5)
I + Had + Done
Selesai.
Mau contoh lagi? Baik mari kita coba membuat kalimat dengan rumus FUTURE
PERFECT CONTINOUS.

1.

Seperti sebelumnya, kita tentukan subjek terlebih dahulu. Disini saya akan
contohkan They.
They +

2.

Ciri cirri dari Future tense adalah will. (Lihat poin nomer 7). Maka,

They + will +
3.

Lalu cirri cirri dari Perfect Continuous adalah have/had + been +Ving (Lihat
poin nomer 6) maka,

They + Will + Have + been +


studying

4.

Tinggal menambahkan objek atau adverb. (Walaupun tidak diberi tambahan


objek/adverb juga tidak apa apa)

Contoh di beri tambahan Objek:


They + Will + Have + been +
studying + English
Contoh di beri tambahan Adverb:
They + Will + Have + been +
Studying + there
5.

Selesai

16 Tenses Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Rumus


dan Contoh Kalimatnya
Written By Sri Rahma on Friday, July 26, 2013 | 8:21 PM
16 Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris
Sobat pembaca, Belajar Bahasa Inggris Online kali ini akan memberikan ringkasan 16 Tenses
Dalam Bahasa Inggris Lengkap dengan Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya. Belajar bahasa
inggris tidak akan terlepas dari mempelajari Tenses, pengertian tenses secara sederhana ialah
pola kalimat yang berubah sesuai dengan waktu yang dirujuk merujuk yaitu masa lalu (Past),
masa sekarang (Present) dan masa depan (Future).

16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok besar yaitu Present Tense, Past Tense,
Future Tenses (Present), Conditional/Past Future. Berikut adalah ringkasan mengenai tensestenses dalam bahasa inggris tersebut .
1. Simple Present Tense
Suatu tense yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan kebiasaan, fakta dan kejadian yang terjadi
pada masa sekarang.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat

(+) Bentuk Positif


-Subject + To be 1 + Non Verb + Object
- Subject + Verb 1 + Object
Contoh :
She is an english teacher
I speak english every day
(-) Bentuk Negatif
-Subject + To be 1 + NOT + Non Verb + Object
-Subject + DON'T / DOESN'T + Verb 1 + Object
Contoh :
She is not an english teacher
I don't speak english everyday
(?) Tanya
-To be 1 + Subject + Non Verb + Object?
- DO / DOES + Subject + Verb 1 + Object?
Contoh :
Is She an English Teacher?
Do You Speak english everyday

2. Present Continuous Tense


Suatu tense yang digunakan untuk menunjukan kejadian yang terjadi sekarang atau juga
rencana di masa depan.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya

(+) Bentuk Positif


subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb ing + object
She is watching TV now
(-) Bentuk Negatif
subject + to be + not + verb ing + object
She is not watching TV now
(?) Bentuk Tanya
to be + subject + verb ing + object
Is She watching TV now

3. Present Perfect Tense


Suatu tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang telah dimulai pada suatu titik dan
berlangsung hingga sekarang.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya
(+) Bentuk positif
-Subject + has/have + been + object
He has been at home since morning
-Subject + has/have + Verb III + object
I have studied English For Three Years
() Bentuk negative
-Subject + has / have + not + been + object
He has not been at home since morning
-Subject +has / have + not + verb III + object

I have not studied English For Three Years


( ? ) Bentuk interrogative
-Have / has + subject + been + object
Has He been at home since morning
-Have / has + Subject + verb III + object
Have I studied English For Three Years

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense


Tense yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan satu kejadian yang dimulai pada masa lalu dan terus
berlanjut.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya
( + ) Bentuk positif
-Subject + has/have + been + V-ing
She Has not been reading book for an hour
( ) Bentuk negative
Subject + has / have + not + been + V-ing
She Has not been reading book for an hour
( ? ) Bentuk interrogative
-Have / has + subject + been + V-ing
Has she been reading a book for an hour

5. Simple Past Tense

Tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang telah terjadi pada waktu tertentu di
masa lalu.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
(+) Bentuk Positif :
-Subject + was/were + complement (pelengkap)
-Subject + Verb II + Object
Contoh :
-I saw a movie yesterday
-Last year, Daniel was here
(-) Bentuk Negatif
-Subject + to be (was/were) + not + complement
-Subject + did not + Verb I + Object
Contoh :
-I did not see him yesterday
-She was not here yesterday
Bentuk did not atau was/were not bisa disingkat menjadi didnt atau wasnt dan werent
(?) Bentuk Interrogative :
-Did + Subject + Verb I + Object + ?
Contoh :
-Did you play football yesterday ?

6) Past Continuous Tense

Jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa ada kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lalu
dan belum selesai.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
Positif (+)
Subject + to be (was/were) + verb-ing + object
He was sleeping when I came
Negatif (-)
Subject + was/were + not + verb-ing + object
He was not sleeping when I came
Tanya (?)
- was/were + subject + verb-ing + object ?
Was He sleeping when You came?

7. Past Perfect Tense


Tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang sudah terjadi dan juga sudah selesai
pada masa lalu
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
Positif (+)
Subject + had + verb III + (past participle) + object
She had gone to Australia when I called her
Negatif (-)
Subject + had + not + verb III + object
She had not gone to Australia when I called her

Tanya (?)
Had + subject + verb III + object ?
Had She gone to Australia when You called her

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense


Tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi telah selesai sebelum kejadian
yang lainnya terjadi.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya
Positif (+)
Subject + had + been + verb-ing + object
He had been living in Jakarta about ten years
Negatif (-)
Subject + had + not + been + verb-ing + object
He had not been living in Jakarta about ten years
Tanya (?)
Had + subject + been + object ?
Had He been living in Jakarta about ten years?

9. Future Tense (Present)


Jenis yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian di masa depan, baik secara
terencana (be going) atau secara spontan (will).
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimatnya :
Positif (+)
Subject + will/shall + verb I + object
Subject + am/is/are + going to + verb I + object
Contoh :

We will go to school soon


The students are going to have a test next month
Negatif (-)
Subject + will/shall + verb I + object
Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + verb I + object
Contoh :
We will not go to school soon
The students are not going to have a test next
Pertanyaan (?)
Will/shall + subject + verb I + object
Am/is/are + subject + going to + verb I + object
Contoh :
Will we go to school soon ?
Are the students going to have a test next month ?
10. Future Continuous Tense
Jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang akan berlangsung di
masa depan.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
Positif (+)
Subject + will/shall + be + verb-ing + object
I will be studying English tomorrow
Negatif (-)
Subject + will/shall + not + verb-ing + object
I will not be studying English tomorrow
Tanya (?)
Will/shall + subject + be + verb-ing + object
Will You be studying English tomorrow
11. Future Perfect Tense

Jenis tenses yang digunakan menyatakan kejadian yang akan telah selesai pada masa
depan
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
Positif (+)
Subject + shall/will + have + been + complement
Subject + shall/will + have + verb III + object
Contoh :
I will have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning
Majid will have rented my house next month
Negatif (-)
Subject + shall/will + not + been + complement
Subject + shall/will + not + have + verb III + object
Contoh :
I will not have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning
Majid will not have rented my house next month
Interrogative atau kalimat tanya (?)
Shall/will + subject + been + complement
Shall/will + subject + have + verb III + object?
Contoh :
Will you have been in this hospital until tomorrow morning?
Will Majid have rented my house next month?
12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian dimasa depan akan
telah berlangsung.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
Positif (+)
Subject + shall/will + have + been + verb-ing + object
I will have been visiting grandmother tomorrow morning
Negatif (-)
Subject + shall/will + not + have + been + verb-ing + object

I will not have been visiting grandmother tomorrow morning


Interrogative atau kalimat tanya (?)
Shall/will + subject + have + been + verb-ing + object?
Will you have been visiting grandmother tomorrow morning?
13. Past Future tense/(Simple) Conditional
Tenses ini digunakan untuk menyatakan probabilitas. Contoh: if I found his wallet, I
would give it back to him
Rumus dan Contoh
Positif (+)
Subject + should/would + be + object
Subject + should/would + verb I + object
Contoh :
She should be in Yogyakarta next month
I would be pick up when you arrive at the station tomorrow
Negatif (-)
Subject + should/would + not + be + object
Subject + should/would + not + verb + object
Contoh :
She should not be in Yogyakarta next month
I would not be pick up when you arrive at the station tomorrow
Interrogative/Tanya (?)
Should/would + subject + be + object?
Should/would + subject + verb I + object?
Contoh :
Should She be in Yogyakarta next month
Would you be pick up when I arrive at the station tomorrow
14. Past Future Continuous tense/Conditional
Tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan yang akan dilakukan melalui
sebuah proses.

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat :


Positif (+)
Subject + should/would + be + verb-ing + object
My brother would be finishing Thesis last week
Negatif (-)
Subject + should/would + not + be + verb-ing + object
My brother would not be finishing Thesis last week
Tanya (?)
Should/would + subject + be + verb-ing + object?
Would your brother finishing Thesis last week?
15. Past Future Perfect tense/Conditional
Tenses ini digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan yang akan telah dilakukan oleh
subyek.
(+) Positif
Subject + should/would + have + been + complement
Subject + should/would + have + verb III + object
Contoh:
- Ani would have seen John if She had come earlier
- Sinta would have been married if her parents had permitted
(-) Negatif
Subject + should/would + not + have + been + complement
Subject + should/would + not + have + verb III + object
Contoh :
- Ani would not have seen John if She had come earlier
- Sinta would not have been married if her parents had permitted
(?)Tanya
Should/would + subject + have + been + complement ?
Should/would + subject + have + verb III + object ?
Contoh
- Would Ani have seen John if She had come earlier

- Would Ani have been married if her parents had permitted


16. Past Future Perfect Continuous tense/Conditional
Jenis Tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kemungkinan yang akan telah
dilakukan untuk beberapa saat.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat
(+) Positif
Subject + should/would + have + been + verb-ing + object
Contoh :
By last Saturday I should have been sailing for three days.
(-) Negatif
Subject + should/would + not + have + been + verb-ing + object
By last Saturday I should have been sailing for three days
(?) Tanya
Should/would + subject + have + been + verb-ing + object ?
Contoh :
Should you have been sailing for three days By last Saturday?