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B767/22/101

Autoflight System

Boeing 767-200/300

Autoflight System
Training manual
For training purposes only
LEVEL 1

ATA 22

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B767/22/101
Autoflight System

Training manual

This publication was created by Sabena technics training department, Brussels-Belgium, following ATA 104 specifications.
The information in this publication is furnished for informational
and training use only, and is subject to change without notice.
Sabena technics training assumes no responsibility for any
errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this publication.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of Sabena technics training.

Contact address for


course registrations
course schedule information
Sabena technics training
training@sabenatechnics.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. AUTOFLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM GENERAL. .......................................................................6
1.1. FMCS/AFCS Systems. ...........................................................................................................6
1.2. Yaw Damper System. ...........................................................................................................8
1.3. Automatic Stabilizer Trim and Mach Trim. ..........................................................................10
1.4. Autopilot/Flight Director System. ........................................................................................12
1.5. Thrust Management Computer. .........................................................................................14
1.6. Maintenance Monitor System. ...........................................................................................16
1.7. Flight Controls/Autoflight Interface. ...................................................................................18
2. AUTOPILOT GENERAL. .......................................................................................................20
2.1. Component Description. ....................................................................................................20
2.1.1. AFCS Mode Control Panel. .......................................................................................20
2.1.2. Disengage and Go-Around Switches.........................................................................22
2.1.3. Warning and Caution Annunciators..........................................................................24
2.1.4. Autoland Status Annunciators. .................................................................................26
2.1.5. EADI and EHSI Displays. ............................................................................................28

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
ADI - AFDS DISPLAY - ABNORMAL ......................................................................................... 29
AFDS MODE CONTROL PANEL ............................................................................................... 21
A/P DISENGAGE GO-AROUND SWITCHES .............................................................................. 23
A/P WARNING & CAUTION ANNUNCIATIONS......................................................................... 25
AUTOFLIGHT INTERFACE SIMPLIFIED ...................................................................................... 19
AUTOLAND STATUS ANNUNCIATORS .................................................................................... 27
AUTOPILOT FLIGHT DIRECTOR SYSTEM.................................................................................. 13
AUTO STAB, TRIM & MACH TRIM SYSTEMS ........................................................................... 11
EADI & EHSI AFDS DISPLAY - NORMAL ................................................................................... 28
FMCS/AFCS SYSTEMS .............................................................................................................. 7
MAINTENANCE MONITOR SYSTEM ........................................................................................ 17
THRUST MANAGEMENT COMPUTER FUNCTIONS .................................................................. 15
YAW DAMPER SYSTEM ............................................................................................................ 9

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Autoflight System

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


A/P DISC
A/T
ADC
AFCS
AFDS
ALT
ALTN
ARINC
ASA
CDU
CMD
CONF
CONT
CPU
EADI
EFI
EFIS
EHSI
EHSV
EICAS
F/D
FCC
FLT
FMA
FMC
FMCS
FSPM
GEN
HDG
HYD
I/O
ILS
INOP
IRS
IRU
LCCA
LVDT
MCDP
MCP
NAV

Autopilot Disconnect
Auto/Thrust
Air Data Computer
Auto Flight Control System
Autopilot Flight Director System
Altitude
Alternate
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
Autoland status Annunciator
Control Display Unit
Command
Configuration
Control
Central Processor Unit
Electronic Attitude Director Indicator
Electronic Flight Instruments
Electronic Flight Instrument System
Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator
Elctro-Hydraulic Servo Valve
Engine Indicating & Crew Alerting System
Flight/Director
Flight Control Computers
Flight
Flight Mode Annunciator
Flight Management Computer
Flight Management Computer System
Flap/Stabilizer Position Module
Generator
Heading
Hydraulic(ally)
Input/Output
Instrument Landing system
Inoperation
Inertial Reference System
Inertial Reference Unit
Lateral Central Control Actuator
Lineair Variable difference Transformer
Maintenance Control and Display Panel
Mode Control Panel
Navigation

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NCD
No Computed Data
PCA
Power Control Actuators
PDU
Power Drive Unit
PTU
Power Transfer Unit
RA
Radio Altimeter
RVDT
Rotary Variable difference Transformer
SAM
Stab trim and Aileron lockout Module
SCM
Spoiler Control Module
SPD
Speed
SSFD
Source selector Fault Detector
STAB
Stabilizer
STCM
Stab Trim Control Module
THSP
Thrust Mode Select Panel
TMC
Thrust Management Computer
TMS
Thrust Management System
UNSCHED Unscheduled
VAL
Valve
VLV
Valve
VNAV
Vertical Navigation
WEU
Warning Electronics Unit

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1. AUTOFLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM GENERAL.


1.1. FMCS/AFCS Systems.
The flight management computer system (FMCS) and autoflight control
system (AFCS) are shown along with the subsystems and major elements that
comprise these systems. Interfaces and relationships between the individual
elements are not shown.
The primary elements of the FMCS are two flight management computers
(FMC) and two control and display units (CDU). The CDUs provide
pilot interface with the flight management computer system. The flight
management computers gather the necessary sensor data, perform
computations and drive displays and other systems to navigate and guide the
airplane.

The AFDS has three flight control computers and an AFCS mode control
panel. A single computer, the thrust management computer (TMC) controls
the throttles and calculates thrust limits. The TMS and AFDS use the AFCS
mode control panel to provide an interface with the flight crew. The TMS also
includes a thrust mode select panel for selecting the thrust limit mode.
The yaw damper system and an automatic stabilizer trim system provide dutch
roll damping and pitch trim respectively.
The maintenance control and display panel (MCDP) provides a central location
for storage and display of fault data for the FMCS, AFDS, and TMS via the
flight management, flight control, and thrust management computers. It also
provides ground test control and display for the autopilot-flight director and
thrust management systems.

The autoflight control system (AFCS) automatically controls the airplanes


surfaces and engine thrust as required. Two subsystems, the autopilot-flight
director system (AFDS) and the thrust management system (TMS) provide the
primary surface and throttle control respectively.

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FMCS/AFCS SYSTEMS
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1.2. Yaw Damper System.


Purpose.
The yaw dampers move the rudder to dampen dutch roll, improve ride quality
and to provide automatic turn coordination.
Installation.
Two yaw damper modules are installed moving two separate control actuators.
The actuators operate independently and their outputs combine to move the
rudder. There is no feedback to the rudder pedals from yaw damper operation.
Operation.
The yaw damper module uses inputs from the air data computers,
inertial reference units, flight management computer system and the modal
suppression accelerometers to compute commands which provide corrective
rudder action through the yaw damper actuators.
System Status.
The yaw damper system may be tested while on the ground from the
flight compartment. Proper operation is confirmed by appropriate INOP
annunciation and rudder movement. The INOP lights on the yaw damper
control panel indicate disengagement of the yaw damper.

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YAW DAMPER SYSTEM


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1.3. Automatic Stabilizer Trim and Mach Trim.


Purpose.
The stabilizer is automatically trimmed using commands generated by the
autopilot and the mach trim systems.
Operation.
A/P stabilizer trim commands are generated when prolonged elevator
deflection beyond the trim threshold occurs. The consequent change of
stabilizer position reduces elevator deflection and drag.
Mach trim operates if the A/P is not engaged and there is no manual electric
trim command. As mach increases the stabilizer leading edge moves down.
The pilot can override any automatic trim or mach trim command by applying
opposite column force.
Indicators and Annunciation.
Two stabilizer position indicators are located on the aisle stand.
An UNSCHED STAB TRIM (amber) light indicates when the stabilizer is
trimming without a command to trim.

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AUTO STAB, TRIM & MACH TRIM SYSTEMS

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1.4. Autopilot/Flight Director System.


General.
The autopilot and flight director system (AFDS) provides automatic guidance
and control of the airplane ailerons, elevators, and, for autoland, the rudder. It
also provides the guidance processing for the flight director displays.
Engagement and mode selection of the autopilot and flight director are
accomplished through the AFCS mode control panel.
Annunciation and Display.
Each electronic attitude director indicator (EADI) displays flight director
commands and an AFDS flight mode annunciator (FMA).
The FMA indentifies AFDS status, roll/pitch arm and engaged modes.
The autoland status annunciators identify the system capability and limitation
status for autoland operations. The AFCS mode control panel has mode
selector switch annunciation and reference readouts.
A red A/P DISC light and an amber AUTOPILOT caution light gives visual alerts
for A/P warnings and cautions.

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AUTOPILOT FLIGHT DIRECTOR SYSTEM


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1.5. Thrust Management Computer.


Purpose.
The thrust management computer (TMC) acts as a thrust limit computer and
an autothrottle computer. These functions each have different modes, which
are selected and annunciated in different places.
Thrust Limit Functions.
The thrust limit modes are selected on the Thrust Mode Select Panel (TMSP) or
by the FMC in VNAV mode. They are annunciated on EICAS.
The thrust limit functions are always engaged. The value of the thrust
limit is annunciated on EICAS and used as an upper limit for autothrottle
computations.
Autothrottle Functions.
The autothrottle modes are selected on the AFCS Mode Control Panel (MCP)
or by the FMC in VNAV mode. They are annunciated on the EADI via EFIS.
The autothrottle functions will not be engaged in a mode unless the AFCS
MCP is in the A/T ARM position and a mode has been selected on the AFCS
MCP. These functions will be used to position the throttles.

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THRUST MANAGEMENT COMPUTER FUNCTIONS


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1.6. Maintenance Monitor System.


Purpose.
The maintenance monitor system combines flight fault storage and ground
test functions for the autopilot flight director system, thrust management
system, and flight management system.
Installation.
One maintenance control and display panel (MCDP) is installed in the main
equipment center. It is directly connected to the flight control computers,
flight management computers, and the thrust management computer.
Through these computers much of the airplane avionics can be tested.
Operation.
The MCDP is normally off. It turns on automatically at touchdown, and the
connected computers send information about failures that occurred during
the flight. This failure information is stored in the MCDP memory, and the
maintenance technician can use it for fault isolation. The MCDP can also
perform ground tests, which allow the technician to check proper operation of
the autoflight systems.
The MCDP is operated using the switches and readout on its front panel.
It may also be operated from the flight compartment using a carry-on remote
control panel. The MCDP readout is displayed on the EICAS CONF/MCDP
page. This page may be displayed in flight if the EICAS flight test switch is in
the flight test position.

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MAINTENANCE MONITOR SYSTEM


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1.7. Flight Controls/Autoflight Interface.


Flight control computers (3) use the autoflight (A/P) servos to control airplane
movement. FCC interfaces the thrust management computer (TMC),
flight management computer (FMC), maintenance control and display panel
(MCDP) with the specific A/P servo needed for airplane axis movement.
FCC then commands the control valves in the appropriate servos to allow
hydraulic pressure to move the output cranks. Output cranks connect to
mechanical linkage for power control actuator (PCA) input. LVDTs in each
servo compare surface position versus servo position for the information
needed to null commanded control valve inputs.
Manual/electric overrides are available for each system.

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AUTOFLIGHT INTERFACE SIMPLIFIED


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2. AUTOPILOT GENERAL.
2.1. Component Description.
2.1.1. AFCS Mode Control Panel.
Function.
The mode control panel (MCP) provides the primary interface between the
flight crew and the flight director, the autopilot and the thrust management
systems. These are subsystems to the automatic flight control system (AFCS).
Front panel controls and displays allow for engagement mode selection, and
control of these systems.

MCP Power Up.


At power up the following displays are shown :
- IAS/MACH display shows 200,
- HDG shows 000,
- Vert SPD is blanked,
- ALT shows 10000,
- All mode switch lights off.

Electrical Characteristics.
Airplane power, 28 V dc and 5 V ac for panel lighting, is provided through
three quick-disconnect connectors mounted on the rear panel. ARINC data
buses, discrete inputs/outputs and 28 Vdc servo power are also routed
through the quick-disconnects.
Cooling Air.
Forced airflow from the airplane main equipment cooling duct is supplied to
the MCP at the rear of the MCP that automatically mates with the forced air
system when the MCP is installed.
Mechanical Characteristics.
The MCP is installed and held in place by four screws. The four screws are
captivated in the mounting rails provided by the glareshield structure and align
with floating locknuts located in the bottom of the MCP.
Each illuminated pushbutton switch contains four bulbs which are replaceable
from the front without removing the MCP.

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AFDS MODE CONTROL PANEL

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2.1.2. Disengage and Go-Around Switches.


Autopilot Disengage Switches.
One autopilot disengage switch is located on each pilots control wheel.
It is positioned on the side of the wheel farthest from the throttle handles.
Each switch is a single action, multiple pole, pushbutton switch.
Go-Around Switches.
There is one thumb actuated switch assembly on each thrust lever.
Each assembly contains three switches which provide the logic discrete used in
go around mode of operation.

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A/P DISENGAGE GO-AROUND SWITCHES


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2.1.3. Warning and Caution Annunciators.


Autopilot Warning Light.
The red A/P DISC warning light comes on to indicate that the autopilot has
been disconnected either manually or automatically. This warning may be
cancelled by pushing one of the autopilot wheel disengage switches or by reengaging the autopilot.
Autopilot Caution Light.
The amber AUTOPILOT caution light comes on to indicate a degraded
autopilot condition. This caution is removed by disengaging the autopilot or
engaging a different mode for which the condition does not apply.
Other Systems Displays.
The master warning and master caution lights on the glareshield are driven by
the autopilot disconnect and mode fail logic respectively.
These displays can be cancelled by pressing the lens caps.
The EICAS upper display indicates AUTOPILOT DISC and AUTOPILOT for
autopilot disconnect and autopilot caution respectively.

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A/P WARNING & CAUTION ANNUNCIATIONS


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2.1.4. Autoland Status Annunciators.


Function.
The autoland status annunciators provide the pilot with information on
degradation from a triple redundant autoland capability.
Component Details.
Displays :
- There is an upper and a lower display on each autoland status
annunciator. The upper display indicates the autopilot systems actual
autoland capability and the lower display indicates the degradation
from land 3 capability.
- Each display has three faces : one blank face, one A face and one B
face. The displays are driven by magnetic coils.
Switches :
- There are two test switches. Pressing TEST 1 rotates the upper and
lower display A faces into view. TEST 2 rotates the B faces into view.
The reset switch can be used to clear the lower display (not during test).

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AUTOLAND STATUS ANNUNCIATORS


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2.1.5. EADI and EHSI Displays.


Normal Function.
The EADI is the display for AFDS flight director commands,
engage request status, and flight mode annunciation.
The EHSI displays the selected heading index.

EADI Displays.
AFDS Status is displayed at the upper right hand corner top line in green.
AFDS Pitch Armed Mode is displayed at the upper left middle sector, bottom
line in white.
AFDS Pitch Operate Mode is displayed at the upper left middle sector, top line
in green.
AFDS Roll Armed Mode is displayed at the upper right middle sector, bottom
line in white.
AFDS Roll Operate Mode is displayed at the upper right middle sector, top line
in green.
EHSI Display.
Selected Heading Index is displayed in magenta.

EADI & EHSI AFDS DISPLAY - NORMAL


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Abnormal Function.
To notify the pilot of failures to the data driving his display.
Display action taken by EFIS SG when data from FCC is valid.
Bar drawn through display message response to a mode fail of affected
mode.
Flight director command bars removed response to NCD.
Display action taken by EFIS SG when data from FCC is not valid.
F/D displayed in upper right quadrant (Area 2) and all AFDS display
removed response to data bus shutdown, invalid parity, or wrong word
length.

ADI - AFDS DISPLAY - ABNORMAL

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