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LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Sprint 4G LTE Troubleshooting and Optimization Guidelines Document Version 2.0 4G

LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

Sprint 4G LTE Troubleshooting and Optimization Guidelines

Document Version 2.0

4G National RF Engineering

The information contained in this document is proprietary and confidential to Sprint and is intended solely for internal use by Sprint employees. Any unauthorized distribution of this information without the written consent of Sprint is strictly prohibited.

Privileged & Confidential Information

This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential

or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

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LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Revisions and Contributions Organization Name Network Engineering Greg O’Connor Network Engineering

LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

Revisions and Contributions

 

Organization

 

Name

 

Network Engineering

Greg O’Connor

Network Engineering (Dir)

Hui-Lin Chang

Network Engineering (Mgr)

Rashmi Kumar

 
Author Version Date E-mail Address Geof November Geof.Lubeskie@sprint.c 1.0 Lubeskie 2013 om Geof 2.0 January Geof.Lubeskie@sprint.c
Author
Version
Date
E-mail Address
Geof
November
Geof.Lubeskie@sprint.c
1.0
Lubeskie
2013
om
Geof
2.0 January
Geof.Lubeskie@sprint.c
Lubeskie
2013
om

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LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Table of Contents 1 General ......................................................................................................................... 1.1 Purpose .......................................................................................................................................4 1.2 Responsibility

LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

Table of Contents

  • 1 General.........................................................................................................................

    • 1.1 Purpose.......................................................................................................................................4

    • 1.2 Responsibility...........................................................................................................................4

    • 1.3 Revision History......................................................................................................................4

  • 2 LTE Optimization Process Flows...........................................................................

    • 2.1 Site Level Optimization........................................................................................................5

    • 2.2 Cluster Level Optimization..................................................................................................6

    • 2.3 Market level Optimization...................................................................................................7

  • 3 RF Conditions.............................................................................................................

    • 3.1 RSRP.............................................................................................................................................8

    • 3.2 SINR..............................................................................................................................................8

  • 4 Cell Selection..............................................................................................................

    • 4.1 Cell Selection Process...................................................................................................................9

    • 4.2 Cell Selection Criteria...................................................................................................................9

    • 4.3 Cell Reselection..........................................................................................................................10

  • 5 Interference Control...............................................................................................12

  • 6 LTE Handoff Optimization....................................................................................13

    • 6.1 Active mode handover................................................................................................................13

    • 6.2 Idle mode handover.....................................................................................................................16

  • 7 EUTRAN and CDMA2000 Handover..................................................................16

  • 8 RAN Parameters......................................................................................................20

    • 8.1 Physical Cell Identity..................................................................................................................20

    • 8.2 Root Sequence Index (RSI).........................................................................................................20

  • Privileged & Confidential Information

    This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential

    or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 1 General 1.1 Purpose The purpose of this document is toGeoff.lubeskie@sprint.com Dusty Wyman (703-376-4463) Manager RF Planning and Engineering dusty.wyman@sprint.com Rashmi Kumar (703-433-4358) Manager RF Planning and Engineering Rashimi.Kumar@sprint.com 1.3 Revision History Date Version Document Comments Owner 11/15/201 1.0 Geoff Lubeskie Original document (1 Draft) 3 Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization 4 " id="pdf-obj-3-2" src="pdf-obj-3-2.jpg">

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    1 General

    • 1.1 Purpose

    The purpose of this document is to provide national and local RF guidelines to troubleshoot and optimize Sprint’s 4G Network. This document will be used by Sprint RF Engineering to understand high level network performance metrics.

    • 1.2 Responsibility

    The 4G National RF Performance Engineering team is responsible for updating, and monitoring the application of the guidelines described in this document. Please contact the following, if there are questions regarding these planning guidelines.

    Geoff Lubeskie, National RF Planning and Engineering (717-344-1869)

    Dusty Wyman (703-376-4463) Manager RF Planning and Engineering

    Rashmi Kumar (703-433-4358) Manager RF Planning and Engineering Rashimi.Kumar@sprint.com

    • 1.3 Revision History

    Date

    Version

    Document

    Comments

     

    Owner

    11/15/201

    1.0

    Geoff Lubeskie

    Original document (1 st Draft)

    3

     
     
     
     
     
     

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    Privileged & Confidential Information

    This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential

    or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 2 LTE Optimization Process Flows LTE troubleshooting / optimization activities can

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • 2 LTE Optimization Process Flows

    LTE troubleshooting / optimization activities can be separated into 3 distinct levels:

    Site Level

    Cluster Level

    Market Level

    At the very start, eNBs are the foundation of all LTE Networks. Contiguous groups of eNBs form clusters and groups of clusters make up the markets.

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 2 LTE Optimization Process Flows LTE troubleshooting / optimization activities can

    Figure 1: Network Optimization Flowchart

    • 2.1 Site Level Optimization Single site verification, the first phase of network optimization, involves function verification at each new site. Single site verification aims to ensure that each site is properly installed and that parameters are correctly

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines configured according to the Golden Image (GI). A link to thehttp://sprintcommunities.corp.sprint.com/sites/cops/4GRFPerformance/Parameter %20Management/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2Fsites%2Fcops%2F4GRFPerformance %2FParameter%20Management%2FGolden%20Parameters%2FGolden%20Params Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) ensure each site is performing as it should be. At the very minimum the engineer should validate and analyze the following metrics to ensure that the eNB is performing as it should be. It should be mentioned that each OEM has their own specific targets for each KPI and should be referenced when analyzing the data.  Average & Peak download Throughput  Average & Peak upload Throughput  Intra eNB handovers (between sectors)  Inter eNB handovers to first tier neighbors  Connection setup time & Connection success rate  Latency  Validate RSRP, CINR, Rx Power, and Tx Power are as expected for the test location 2.2 Cluster Level Optimization Contiguous coverage between eNBs within a cluster ensures seamless mobility; therefore, this optimization activity is a major factor in overall network accessibility and retainability. As of the writing of this documentation there is no baseline of the Sprint LTE network. It is imperative that when the OEMs submit clusters for acceptance that the local RF teams are involved. Local RF teams should create MapInfo files for each cluster, which show areas for future optimization. Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization 7 " id="pdf-obj-6-2" src="pdf-obj-6-2.jpg">

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    configured according to the Golden Image (GI). A link to the latest GI for all OEMS can be found at the link below.

    Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) ensure each site is performing as it should be. At the very minimum the engineer should validate and analyze the following metrics to ensure that the eNB is performing as it should be. It should be mentioned that each OEM has their own specific targets for each KPI and should be referenced when analyzing the data.

    Average & Peak download Throughput

    Average & Peak upload Throughput

    Intra eNB handovers (between sectors)

    Inter eNB handovers to first tier neighbors

    Connection setup time & Connection success rate

    Latency

    Validate RSRP, CINR, Rx Power, and Tx Power are as expected for the test location

    • 2.2 Cluster Level Optimization Contiguous coverage between eNBs within a cluster ensures seamless mobility; therefore, this optimization activity is a major factor in overall network accessibility and retainability. As of the writing of this documentation there is no baseline of the Sprint LTE network. It is imperative that when the OEMs submit clusters for acceptance that the local RF teams are involved. Local RF teams should create MapInfo files for each cluster, which show areas for future optimization.

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    7

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Figure 2: Mapinfo file created by local RF showing areas for

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Figure 2: Mapinfo file created by local RF showing areas for

    Figure 2: Mapinfo file created by local RF showing areas for future optimization

    A cluster drive route must be carefully designed to cover each sector of all sites so that all major highways, roads, Sprint stores and major customer locations are covered. Analysis of the drive data will show areas for potential optimization changes to improve the overall user experience. All changes made during the optimization phase should be documented for future reference and possibly shared with other markets as a means of best practice.

    A major challenge that the engineer will face is the fact that the 4G and 3G networks are using the same antenna. At this time, voice is still the number one revenue source for Sprint; therefore, optimization efforts on the 4G sites should not negatively impact the underlying 3G network.

    As in Site level optimization at the very minimum the engineer should verify the following KPIs during Cluster Optimization

    Average & Peak download Throughput

    Average & Peak upload Throughput

    Intra eNB handovers (between sectors)

    Inter eNB handovers to first tier neighbors

    Connection setup time & Connection success rate

    Latency

    Validate RSRP, CINR, Rx Power, and Tx Power are as expected for the test location

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 2.3 Market level Optimization Similar to cluster level optimization, multiple subsets

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • 2.3 Market level Optimization

    Similar to cluster level optimization, multiple subsets are looked at as a whole. Here, several clusters should be evaluated and analyzed as a whole to verify that mobility and proper networking exists. The on-going evolution of the network due to the addition of new macro, micro, Pico and in-building sites requires that the engineer continuously look at optimizing the network to meet the demands of capacity, and customer expectations.

    • 3 RF Conditions

      • 3.1 RSRP

    Reference signal received power (RSRP), is determined for a considered cell as the linear average over the power contributions (in [W]) of the resource elements that carry cell-specific reference signals within the considered measurement frequency bandwidth.

    Note: Different from GSM or TD-SCDMA systems, TD-LTE systems have multiple subcarriers multiplexed. Therefore, the measured pilot signal strength is the RSRP of a single subcarrier (15 kHz) not the total bandwidth power of the frequency.

    If receiver diversity is in use by the UE, the reported value shall not be lower than the corresponding RSRP of any of the individual diversity branches

    The RSRPs near a cell, in the middle of a cell, and at the edge of a cell are determined based on the distribution of signals on the entire network. Generally, the RSRP near a cell is -85 dBm, the RSRP in the middle of a cell is -95 dBm, and the RSRP at the edge of a cell is -105 dBm.

    • 3.2 SINR

    The SINR is not specifically defined in 3GPP specifications. A common formula is

    as follows:

    SINR = S/(I + N)

    S: indicates the power of measured usable signals. Reference signals (RS) and physical downlink shared channels (PDSCHs) are mainly involved.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines I : indicates the power of measured signals or channel interference

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    I: indicates the power of measured signals or channel interference signals from other cells in the current system and from inter-RAT cells.

    N: indicates background noise, which is related to measurement bandwidths and receiver noise coefficients.

    • 4 Cell Selection

    The cell selection process and cell selection criteria as per 3GPP standard 36.304 are:

    • 4.1 Cell Selection Process

    The UE shall use one of the following two cell selection procedures:

    • 1. Initial Cell Selection

    This procedure requires no prior knowledge of which RF channels are E-UTRA carriers. The UE shall scan all RF channels in the E-UTRA bands according to its capabilities to find a suitable cell. On each carrier frequency, the UE need only search for the strongest cell. Once a suitable cell is found this cell shall be selected.

    • 2. Stored Information Cell Selection

    This procedure requires stored information of carrier frequencies and optionally also information on cell parameters, from previously received measurement control information elements or from previously detected cells. Once the UE has found a suitable cell the UE shall select it. If no suitable cell is found the Initial Cell Selection procedure shall be started.

    NOTE: Priorities between different RAT or frequencies provided to the UE by system information or dedicated signaling are not used in the cell selection process.

    • 4.2 Cell Selection Criteria

    The cell selection criterion S is fulfilled when:

    Srxlev > 0 Where:

    Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas –(Qrxlevmin –Qrxlevminoffset) -Pcompensation Where:

    The signaled value QrxlevminOffset is only applied when a cell is evaluated for cell selection as a result of a periodic search for a higher priority PLMN while camped

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines normally in a VPLMN [5]. During this periodic search for higher

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    normally in a VPLMN [5]. During this periodic search for higher priority PLMN the

    UE may check the S criteria of a cell using parameter values stored from a different cell of this higher priority PLMN.

    Srxlev Cell Selection RX level value (dB) Qrxlevmeas Measured cell RX level value (RSRP). Qrxlevmin Minimum required RX level in thecell (dBm) Qrxlevminoffset Offset to the signalled Qrxlevmin taken into account in the Srxlev evaluation as a result of a periodic search for a higher priority PLMN while camped normally in a VPLMN [5] Pcompensation [FFS]

    • 4.3 Cell Reselection

    Cell reselection parameters are broadcast in system information and are read from the serving cell as follows:

     

    Qoffsets,n

    This specifies the offset between

     

    the two cells.

     

    Qoffsetfrequency

    Frequency specific offset for equal

     

    priority E-UTRAN frequencies.

     

    Qhyst

    This specifies the hysteresis value for

     

    ranking criteria.

     

    Qrxlevmin

    This specifies the minimum required Rx level in the cell in

     

    dBm.

     

    TreselectionRAT

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value. For each target RAT a specific value for the cell reselection timer isdefined, which is applicable when evaluating reselection within E-UTRAN or towards other RAT (i.e. TreselectionRATfor E-UTRAN is TreselectionEUTRAN, for UTRAN TreselectionUTRAN for GERAN TreselectionGERAN, forTreselectionCDMA_HRPD, and for TreselectionCDMA_1xRTT).Note:

     

    TreselectionRAT is not sent on

    system information, but used in

     
     

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines reselection rules by the UE for each RAT. TreselectionEUTRAN This specifies

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

     

    reselection rules by the UE for each RAT.

     

    TreselectionEUTRAN

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value TreselectionRAT forE-

     

    UTRAN

     

    TreselectionUTRAN

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value TreselectionRAT for

     

    UTRAN

     

    TreselectionGERAN

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value TreselectionRAT for

     

    GERAN

     

    TreselectionCDMA_HRPD

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value TreselectionRAT for

     

    CDMA HRPD

     

    TreselectionCDMA_1xRTT

    This specifies the cell reselection timer value TreselectionRAT for

     

    CDMA 1xRTT

     

    Threshx, high

    This specifies the threshold used by the UE when reselecting towards the higher priority frequencyX than currentlyserving frequency. Each frequency of E- UTRAN and UTRAN, each band of GERAN, each band class of CDMA2000HRPD and CDMA2000 1xRTT will have a specific

     

    threshold.

     

    Threshx, low

    This specifies the threshold used in reselection towards frequencyX priority from a higher priority frequency. Eachfrequency of E- UTRAN and UTRAN, each band of GERAN, each band class of CDMA2000 HRPD and CDMA20001xRTT will have a

     

    specific threshold.

     

    Threshserving, low

    This specifies the threshold for serving frequency used in reselection evaluation towards

     

    lower priority E-UTRANfrequency or

     
     

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines RAT. Sintrasearch This specifies the threshold (in dB) for intra frequency

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

     

    RAT.

    Sintrasearch

    This specifies the threshold (in dB)

    for intra frequency measurements.

    Snonintrasearch

    This specifies the threshold (in dB) for EUTRAN inter-frequency and

    inter-RAT measurements.

    TCRmax

    This specifies the duration for evaluating allowed amount of cell

    reselection(s).

    NCR_M

    This specifies the maximum number of cell reselections to

    enter medium mobility state.

    NCR_H

    This specifies the maximum number of cell reselections to

    enter high mobility state.

    TCRmaxHyst

    This specifies the additional time period before the UE can enter

    normal-mobility.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 5 Interference Control Downlink (DL) inter cell interference which reduces the

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • 5 Interference Control

    Downlink (DL) inter cell interference which reduces the signal quality is a major factor contributing to degraded service. It usually impacts cell-edge users which lack good quality RF signal due to the presence of multiple serving sectors of similar signal strength. DL inter-cell interference scenario can also be observed in dense urban areas where multipath factor can results in strong signals from various sectors in one geographic region. DL interference if not corrected can lead to poor throughput performance on both downlink and uplink. Therefore an improved DL coverage in terms of both signal strength and quality provides better user experience.

    Indicators such as low Signal to noise ratio (SINR), low scale Channel quality indicator (CQI), Transmission mode (transmit diversity), low Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) and high Block error rate (BLER) are common indicators of DL interference. Low SINR and low CQI reports result in lower and more robust modulation scheme for data transmission. The first step in optimization efforts is to improve the coverage and quality of existing serving cells resulting in good quality of service (QoS).

    RSRQ is defined in TS 36.214 as:

    Reference Signal Received Quality (RSRQ) is defined as the ratio N×RSRP/(E-UTRA carrier RSSI), where N is the number of RB’s of the E-UTRA carrier RSSI measurement bandwidth. The measurements in the numerator and denominator shall be made over the same set of resource blocks.

    E-UTRA Carrier Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI), comprises the linear average of the total received power (in [W]) observed only in OFDM symbols containing reference symbols for antenna port 0, in the measurement bandwidth, over N number of resource blocks by the UE from all sources, including co-channel serving and non-serving cells, adjacent channel interference, thermal noise etc.

    The reference point for the RSRQ shall be the antenna connector of the UE.

    If receiver diversity is in use by the UE, the reported value shall not be lower than the corresponding RSRQ of any of the individual diversity branches.

    Other than general optimization practices to control interference, LTE also offers features such as ‘Inter cell Interference Coordination (ICIC)’ technique which dynamically controls interference based on UE’s CQI reports.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Downlink ICIC (DL-ICIC) enhances cell-edge UE performance by adjusting the power

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    Downlink ICIC (DL-ICIC) enhances cell-edge UE performance by adjusting the power for UE based on reported channel condition. Cell center users get different power allocation based on UE’s feedback.

    Average CQI Threshold metric is used to differentiate cell edge and cell center users. DL power control mechanism uses the channel estimation to adjust the Pa parameter which leads to:

    If the user is estimated to be in cell center condition, UE specific DL power related parameter Pa is lowered, which results in power reduction of data subcarriers for that UE and further decreases interference to neighboring cells

    If UE is estimated to be in cell center condition, Pa is increased and hence data subcarriers power is increased to maintain edge UE‟s quality

    • 6 LTE Handof Optimization

    Handover success rate is another important KPI focused on in optimization process. Having a good success rate indicates that sites in network connect to each and user can enjoy uninterrupted access to network in mobility scenarios. The impact of LTE handover performance depends on what type of applications users are running at their end. For example, poor handover performance or high handover latency have low impact on applications such as file transfer where a small interruption can be tolerable whereas bad handover performance may have severe impact on VOIP applications where a handover drop results in voice call drop.

    • 6.1 Active mode handover

    Active mode handover can be of three different types:

    • 1. Intra/Inter Frequency – Handover between cells using sane or different center

    frequencies

    • 2. Intra/Inter eNB – Handover between cells of the same or different site

    • 3. S1/X2 based – Handover involving MME interaction or directly between two eNBs

    using X2 links

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines UE can be configured in connected state to report several different

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    UE can be configured in connected state to report several different types of measurements based on event types as explained below.

    Event A1

    Serving becomes better than a threshold

    Used to deactivate Gap Measurements

    Event A2

    Serving becomes worse than a threshold

    Used to activate Gap Measurements

    Event A3

    Neighbor becomes offset better than the Serving

    Used to trigger Intra-FA Handoff

    Event A4

    Neighbor becomes better than a threshold

    Used for ANR

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    Privileged & Confidential Information

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    or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Next section discusses the configuration related to Event A3 which is

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    Next section discusses the configuration related to Event A3 which is used to facilitate Intra-FA LTE handover.

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Next section discusses the configuration related to Event A3 which is

    In active mode measurements are performed only when Serving Cell RSRP falls below a configurable threshold (Smeasure)

    • The A3 event parameters for Active mode measurement are transmitted via RRC Connection Reconfiguration Message

    • The parameter a3offsetdefines the (neighbor + offset > serving) criteria.

    • Additionally, there is a cell individual offset that can be configured per neighbor (Ind_offset).

    • This criterion must be satisfied over a configurable period of time for the measurement report to be done (TimeToTrigger).

    • The measurement criteria can be based on RSRP or RSRQ and is configurable (TriggerQuantity).

    • The measurement report can be configured to report RSRP/RSRQ or both (ReportQuantity).

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines • Periodic reports can be generated after the Event criteria are

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • Periodic reports can be generated after the Event criteria are met based on a configurable parameter (reportInterval).

    • Number of reports generated based on the event is controlled using a configurable parameter (reportAmount)

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    19

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 6.2 Idle mode handover Idle mode handover or cell reselection is

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • 6.2 Idle mode handover

    Idle mode handover or cell reselection is the process used by UE and network to monitor UE’s location without it requiring radio resources. In Idle mode, UE remains attached at MME level but remains RRC idle unless it requires RRC resources (for e.g. To perform TAU or Paging procedures)

    Maintaining most current and updated neighbor list on the eNBs is critical to facilitate successful handover. Neighbor list must be updated frequently to accommodate addition of new sites and sectors in the network.

    Condition where multiple handovers are recorded within a very short period between same two cells in stationary or mobile scenario is known as Ping-Pong. Ping-Pong condition affects the end user as more processing time results in poor user experience. This situation arises when both source and target sectors meet the handover thresholds and are equivalent in signal strength. Ping-Pong can occur in both strong and weak conditions. A3 offset, S-measure, Hysteresis and Cell individual offset are some parameters which can be tweaked to reduce Ping-Pong rate.

    • 7 EUTRAN and CDMA2000 Handover

    EUTRAN and CDMA2000 handover can be useful when both networks are overlaid on same geographical region. A user traveling out of LTE coverage area can hand down to HRPD while maintaining the same data session and uninterrupted data transfer. This feature is helpful in cases where a new LTE network is deployed on a matured CDMA2000 network and UE can rely on underlying network whenever it goes out of coverage on LTE

    Implementation of Neighbor list for underlying CDMA network is needed to facilitate EUTRAN to CDMA2000 handover. On LTE side, appropriate neighboring sectors with PN and channel information are populated. Right HRPD neighbors can be selected based statistics such as Handover matrix (HOM) data of CDMA network. Optimization drive test can also give useful information in defining missing or appropriate neighbors for EUTRAN to CDMA2000 interworking.

    Below table explains Parameters and Events used on EUTRAN to CDMA2000 interworking:

    Message

    IE

    Parameter

    Description

    RRC Connection Reconfiguration

    B2 Event

    b2Threshold1Rsrp

    RSRP threshold1 used for triggering the EUTRA measurement report for

    CDMA2000 HRPD Event B2.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines b2Threshold1Rsrq RSRQ threshold1 used for triggering the EUTRA measurement report for

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

       

    b2Threshold1Rsrq

    RSRQ threshold1 used for triggering the EUTRA measurement report for

    CDMA2000 HRPD Event B2.

    RRC Connection

     

    b2Threshold2Cdma200

    CDMA2000 threshold 2 used

    Reconfiguration

    0

    for triggering the inter-RAT CDMA2000 measurement report for CDMA2000 HRPD

    Event B2.

     

    qOffsetFreq

       

    hysteresisB2

    Hysteresis applied to entry and leave condition of

    CDMA2000 HRPD Event B2.

     

    timeToTriggerB2

    timeToTrigger value for CDMA2000 HRPD Event B2. The timeToTrigger value is the period of time that must be met for the UE to trigger a

    measurement report.

     

    reportIntervalB2

    The reporting interval of a measurement report for

    CDMA2000 HRPD Event B2.

     

    reportAmountB2

    The number of measurement reports for CDMA2000 HRPD

    Event B2.

     

    maxReportCellsB2

    The maximum number of cells included in a measurement report for CDMA2000 HRPD

    Event B2.

     

    triggerQuantityB2

    Quantity that triggers the Event B2 measurement The trigger can be set for either RSRP or RSRQ and is only

    applicable on threshold 1.

    RRC Connection Reconfiguration

    A2 Event

    a2ThresholdRsrp

    A2 event is triggered when source becomes worse than the configured RSRP threshold (Refer to standard 36.133 for

    RSRP Report mapping)

     

    a2ThresholdRsrq

    Primary RSRQ threshold value for eventA2. Used only when triggerQuantityA2Prim is set

    to RSRQ.

     

    reportIntervalA2

    Determines the reporting

     

    interval of a measurement

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines report for Event triggerQuantityA2 A1 event is triggered when source becomes

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

     

    report for Event

       

    triggerQuantityA2

    A1 event is triggered when source becomes worse than the configured RSRQ threshold (Refer to standard 36.133 for RSRQ Report Mapping.

     

    hysteresisA2

    Hysteresis applied to entry and leave conditions of Event

    A2

     

    timeToTriggerA2

    The timeToTrigger value is the period of time that must be met for the UE to trigger a measurement report for Event

    A2

     

    reportAmountA2

    The number of reports for periodical reporting for the primary eventA2 measurement .Value 0 means that reports are sent as long as the event is fulfilled. Primary and secondary measurement parameters refer to the option to use different settings for two simultaneous measurements

    for eventA2.

     

    maxReportCellsA2

    The maximum number of cells included in a measurement

    report for Event A2.

     

    reportQuantityA2

    Determines whether the Measurement report for A2 event includes both RSRP and RSRQ information or the only RSRP or RSRQ as configured

    by the Trigger event above.

       

    filterCoefficientEUtraRs

    Filtering coefficient used by

    rp

    the UE to filter RSRP measurements before event evaluation The measurement filter averages a number of measurement report values to filter out the impact of large scale fast fading.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines filterCoefficientEUtraRs Filtering coefficient used by rq the UE to filter RSRQ

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

       

    filterCoefficientEUtraRs

    Filtering coefficient used by

    rq

    the UE to filter RSRQ measurements before event evaluation The measurement filter averages a number of measurement report values to filter out the impact of large scale fast fading.

    RRC Connection Reconfiguration

    A1 Event

    a1ThresholdRsrp

    A1 event is triggered when source becomes better than the configured RSRP threshold ( Actual Threshold= Parameter -140, 36.133 standards) dBm

       

    a1ThresholdRsrq

    A1 event is triggered when source becomes better than the configured RSRQ threshold (Refer to 36.133 standard for

    RSRP Report mapping)

       

    triggerQuantityA1

    Determines whether Event A1 is triggered based on RSRP or

    RSRQ criteria.

       

    reportQuantityA1

    Determines whether the Measurement report for A1 event includes both RSRP and RSRQ information or the only RSRP or RSRQ as configured

    by the Trigger event above.

       

    maxReportCellsA1

    The maximum number of cells included in a measurement

    report for Event A1.

       

    hysteresisA1

    Hysteresis applied to entry and leave conditions of Event

    A1.

       

    timeToTriggerA1

    The timeToTrigger value is the period of time that must be met for the UE to trigger a measurement report for Event

    A1

       

    reportIntervalA1

    Determines the reporting interval of a measurement

    report for Event A1

     

    reportAmountA1

    Determines the number of

     

    measurement reports UE

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines needs to send when Event A1 criteria is met SIB8 systemTim

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

     

    needs to send when Event A1

    criteria is met

    SIB8

    systemTim

    timieAndPahseSynchCri

    eInfo

    tical

     

    CellReselec

       

    tion

    Parameters

    CDMA 2000

       

    bandClass

    Identifies the CDMA-eHRPD frequency band class in which the carrier frequency can be

    found

       

    cellReselectionPriority

    Reselection priority of the cell in the eNB. The range is 0-7, where 0 indicates low, and 7

    high in priority.

     

    threshXHigh

    ThreshXHigh of CDMA2000

     

    HRPD band class DB.

     

    threshXLow

    ThreshXLow of CDMA2000

     

    HRPD band class DB.

       

    tReselectionSfUsageHR

    Whether to use

    reselection.

    PD

    tReselectionSfUsageHRPD of

    HRPD reselection information that is sent down to SIB8. tReselectionSfUsageHRPD determines whether to apply a scaling factor for HRPD cell

       

    tReselectionHRPD

    TReselctionHRPD included in the HRPD Reselection information sent to SIB8. The default is 0, and can be

    changed by the operator.

       

    tReselectionSfHighHRP

    Value by which parameter

    D

    tReselectionCdmaHrpd is multiplied if the UE is in a high mobility state as defined in

    3GPP TS 36.304

       

    tReselectionSfMediumH

    TReselectionSfMediumHRPD

    to SIB8.

    RPD

    included in the HRPD

    Reselection information sent

     

    searchWindowSize

    The size of the search window

     

    in the eNB.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 8 RAN Parameters 8.1 Physical Cell Identity PCI is derived from

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    • 8 RAN Parameters

      • 8.1 Physical Cell Identity

    PCI is derived from two physical layer signals –Primary Synchronization Signal (PSS) and Secondary synchronization signal (SSS). There are 504 unique PCIs. The physical-layer cell identities are grouped into 168 unique physical-layer cell- identity groups, each group containing three unique identities. The grouping is such that each physical-layer cell identity is part of one and only one physical-layer cell-identity group. A physical-layer cell identity is thus uniquely defined by a number in the range of 0 to 167, representing the physical-layer cell-identity group, and a number in the range of 0 to 2, representing the physical-layer identity within the physical-layer cell-identity group.(2) ID (1) ID cell ID 3N N N   (1) ID N (2) ID N

    Each cells Reference signal transmits a pseudo random sequence corresponding to assigned PCI. And channel quality measurements are also made on reference signals. Thus, an optimized allocation of PCIs is needed to avoid problems in cell recognition or cell search. During PCI planning, one needs to avoid same PCI and PSS on neighboring cell. This eliminates confusion in cell search and also reduces interference which can occur due to PSS or reference signal collision.

    • 8.2 Root Sequence Index (RSI)

    The Preambles used in RACH procedure are derived from Root Sequence. Preambles are obtained by cyclic shifts of root sequence which are based on Zadoff-Chu sequence. There are 838 Root Sequences available. There are 64 preambles available per cell and UE randomly selects one preamble to perform random access procedure. If number of preambles per root sequence is less than 64 Preambles, continue deriving Preambles with next Root Sequence unit 64 preambles are obtained. Thus, unique assignment of Root sequence is recommended between neighboring cells. The Below tables describes Ncs to Zero Correlation zone configuration mapping and LSM parameter for configuring RSI and Zero correlation zone configuration parameter.

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies

    Privileged & Confidential Information

    This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential

    or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

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    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines 9 References <a href=https://Systems.samsungwireless.com Network Vision > Publications > Sprint > 4G RAN > Manuals 430 LTE eNB Maintenance Troubleshooting Manual 410 MMBS Operational Manual 819 LTE Optimization Guidelines LTE standard documents: 3GPP TS 36 series LTE optimization guidelines Huawei Technologies LTE Optimization Guidelines Anritsu Privileged & Confidential Information This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization 27 " id="pdf-obj-26-2" src="pdf-obj-26-2.jpg">

    LTE Troubleshooting / Optimization Guidelines

    9

    References

    Network Vision > Publications > Sprint > 4G RAN > Manuals

    • 430 LTE eNB Maintenance Troubleshooting Manual

    • 410 MMBS Operational Manual

    • 819 LTE Optimization Guidelines

    LTE standard documents: 3GPP TS 36 series

    LTE optimization guidelines Huawei Technologies

    LTE Optimization Guidelines Anritsu

    Privileged & Confidential Information

    This information is subject to Sprint policies regarding use and is the property of Sprint and/or its relevant affiliates and may contain restricted, confidential

    or privileged materials intended for the sole use of the intended recipient. Any review, use, distribution or disclosure is prohibited without authorization

    27