Sie sind auf Seite 1von 65
COURSE FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING OVERALL CONSIDERATIONS 1

COURSE FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING

OVERALL CONSIDERATIONS

COURSE FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING OVERALL CONSIDERATIONS 1

1

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE AGENDA

• Overall layout

• What is the overall Objective

• What is important to know/establish

• Fire and Explosion – Key parameters

• Hazard Gradient

• API 14 J key requirements

• Inherently Safer Design

• Examples of Design

• Future expansions

Hazard Gradient • API 14 J key requirements • Inherently Safer Design • Examples of Design

2

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE OVERALL LAYOUT

What are we trying to achieve ?

Safe and Operable Design

General Sound Principle in Facility Layout:

The principle of inherent safety shall be applied to both the field and facility layout to minimise the likelihood of major initiating events and the escalation of any subsequent consequences

facility layout to minimise the likelihood of major initiating events and the escalation of any subsequent

3

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE OVERALL LAYOUT

ISO 13702 – Control and Mitigation of Fires and Explosions on Offshore Production Installations

OBJECTIVES

Principal Objective of Standard, in order of priority:

• Safety of personnel

• Protection of Environment

• Protection of Assets;

• Minimization of financial consequences of fires and explosions

Protection of Environment • Protection of Assets; • Minimization of financial consequences of fires and explosions

4

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW

What are the hazards and risk levels

• Complexity

• Amount and type of equipment

What is the exposure to personnel

Future requirements

and risk levels • Complexity • Amount and type of equipment What is the exposure to
and risk levels • Complexity • Amount and type of equipment What is the exposure to
and risk levels • Complexity • Amount and type of equipment What is the exposure to

5

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW

1. Purpose and required equipment

WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW 1. Purpose and required equipment Unmanned versus Manned Accommodation Helideck

Unmanned versus Manned

Accommodation1. Purpose and required equipment Unmanned versus Manned Helideck Wellheads Pressures and Inventories Number and

Helideck

Wellheads

Unmanned versus Manned Accommodation Helideck Wellheads Pressures and Inventories Number and types of equipment 2.
Unmanned versus Manned Accommodation Helideck Wellheads Pressures and Inventories Number and types of equipment 2.

Pressures and Inventories

Number and types of equipment

Pressures and Inventories Number and types of equipment 2. Offloading / Tie-in FSO / SAL /

2. Offloading / Tie-in

Number and types of equipment 2. Offloading / Tie-in FSO / SAL / SPM or Pipeline

FSO / SAL / SPM or Pipeline

3. Local conditions

Wind & Current

/ SPM or Pipeline 3. Local conditions Wind & Current Risers Minimize risk of gas towards

Risers

Minimize risk of gas towards ignition sources (accommodation etc) Optimize natural ventilation (accommodation etc) Optimize natural ventilation

& Current Risers Minimize risk of gas towards ignition sources (accommodation etc) Optimize natural ventilation 6

6

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER – RISK ASSESSMENT

Hazards

Wells

Wells

Construction

Construction

Hydrocarbon

Hydrocarbon

Processing

Pipeline

Pipeline

High Technology

High Technology

structures

Heavy lifts

Heavy lifts

Transport of goods

Transport of goods

Transport of people

Transport of people

Human error,

Human error,

sabotage

Decommisioning

Decommisioning

Causes

Event

Poor design, corrosion, errosion, fail to maintain reservoir barriers

Contractor commitment to safety at site

Corrosion, erosion, long term deterioration

Corrosion, erosion, long term deterioration, sabotage

Weather, geological activity, miscalculation due to novelty

Design of cranage or slinging

Human error

Human error or machanical failure

Mal operation, bad maintenance, fail to control change, wilful damage

Not thought through at original design

Blowout Site accident Hydrocarbon release Pipeline failure Dropped objects EVENT Collapse, loss of stability Ship
Blowout
Site accident
Hydrocarbon release
Pipeline failure
Dropped objects
EVENT
Collapse, loss of
stability
Ship collision
Helicopter accident
Hydrocarbon release
Collapse
Helicopter accident Hydrocarbon release Collapse Consequence Major fire or environmental damage delays,

Consequence

Major fire or environmental damage

Major fire or environmental damage

delays, reputation damage

delays, reputation damage

Fire, explosion, gas cloud or major environmental damage

Fire, explosion, gas cloud or major environmental damage

Major fire, gas cloud or major environmental damage

Major fire, gas cloud or major environmental damage

Possible escallation to multiple casualties or major environmental damage

Possible escallation to multiple casualties or major environmental damage

Multiple casualties with fire, explosion or environmental damage

Multiple casualties with fire, explosion or environmental damage

Possible escallation to multiple casualties or major environmental damage

Possible escallation to multiple casualties or major environmental damage

Multiple casualties

Multiple casualties

Fire, explosion, gas cloud or environmental damage

Fire, explosion, gas cloud or environmental damage

Multiple casualties

Multiple casualties

7

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE JET FIRE

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE JET FIRE Ignited gas blowout in Algeria Rule of thumb Flame size:

Ignited gas blowout in Algeria

TRAINING COURSE JET FIRE Ignited gas blowout in Algeria Rule of thumb Flame size: Fl=18.5∙Q 0.41
Rule of thumb Flame size: Fl=18.5∙Q 0.41 Fl: flame length (m) Q: release rate (kg/s)
Rule of thumb
Flame size: Fl=18.5∙Q 0.41
Fl: flame length (m)
Q: release rate (kg/s)
1
M
2
 1
C
Z
where Z
Q 0
D
RT
 1
0

Pressure and release area are the driving force

Flame length in m

 

Pressure

Hole size

mm

barg

1

8

37.5

1

0.3

1.8

7.1

15

0.7

4.7

18.3

45

1.2

7.6

29.3

60

1.4

8.7

33.4

8

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION

In order for a vapour cloud explosion to occur in a hydrocarbon facility, four conditions have to be present:

1. A significant release of flammable material 2. Flammable material shall be sufficiently mixed with
1. A significant release of flammable material
2. Flammable material shall be sufficiently mixed with the
surrounding air
3. Ignition source
4. Some confinement, congestion or turbulence in the
released area

Congestion: Pipework, cable trays, etc.

source 4. Some confinement, congestion or turbulence in the released area Congestion: Pipework, cable trays, etc.
source 4. Some confinement, congestion or turbulence in the released area Congestion: Pipework, cable trays, etc.

9

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

December 11, 2005 a number of explosions occurred at Buncefield Oil Storage Depot, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire.

At least one of the initial explosions was of massive proportions and there was a large fire, which engulfed a high proportion of the site. The fire burned for several days, destroying most of the site and emitting large clouds of black smoke into the atmosphere.

burned for several days, destroying most of the site and emitting large clouds of black smoke
burned for several days, destroying most of the site and emitting large clouds of black smoke
burned for several days, destroying most of the site and emitting large clouds of black smoke
burned for several days, destroying most of the site and emitting large clouds of black smoke

10

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

Significant damage occurred to both commercial and residential properties in the vicinity and a large area around the site was evacuated on emergency service advice.

Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were no fatalities.

the site was evacuated on emergency service advice. Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were
the site was evacuated on emergency service advice. Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were

11

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

Significant damage occurred to both commercial and residential properties in the vicinity and a large area around the site was evacuated on emergency service advice.

Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were no fatalities.

the site was evacuated on emergency service advice. Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were
the site was evacuated on emergency service advice. Over 40 people were injured; fortunately there were

12

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

13
13

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD 14
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD 14

14

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD

15
15
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE
EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE EXPLOSION - BUNCEFIELD 16

16

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT 17
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT 17

17

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

Prevailing Wind Direction
Prevailing Wind Direction
Distance
Distance
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Prevailing Wind Direction Distance Risk Pressure Inventory Leak freq. 18

Risk

Pressure

Inventory

Leak freq.

18

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

Accommodation

Separation

Risers

COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure
COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure
COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure
Wellhead Compression Utility
Wellhead
Compression
Utility

Distance

COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure Inventory 19
COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure Inventory 19

Risk

Pressure

Inventory

COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT Accommodation Separation Risers Wellhead Compression Utility Distance Risk Pressure Inventory 19

19

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

Oil Separation Accommodation Fuel gas Glycol contactor Gas compression Water injection Power turbines Utility
Oil Separation
Accommodation
Fuel gas
Glycol contactor
Gas
compression
Water injection
Power turbines
Utility
Chemical injection
Turret
Fuel gas Glycol contactor Gas compression Water injection Power turbines Utility Chemical injection Turret 20

20

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

Oil Separation Accommodation Fuel gas Glycol contactor Gas compression Water injection Power turbines Chemical
Oil Separation
Accommodation
Fuel gas
Glycol contactor
Gas
compression
Water injection
Power turbines
Chemical
Utility
Turret
injection
Separation LP Comp HP Comp Accommodation
Separation
LP Comp
HP Comp
Accommodation
Accommodation
Accommodation
Separation LP Comp HP Comp Accommodation Accommodation Pipe rack Turret Benefits • Segregate Acc from HP

Pipe rack

Turret

Benefits

Segregate Acc from HP

sources.

Avoid having to pass HP sources during escape.

Reduce length of high

pressure piping.

Segregate Acc and high

release freq. equip/system

(Compression).

21

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT 22
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT 22
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT 22

22

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT More details will follow 23
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE HAZARD GRADIENT More details will follow 23

More details will follow

23

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Accommodation Protected from External Fires, Explosion and Noise
Accommodation
Protected from
External Fires,
Explosion and Noise
Protected from External Fires, Explosion and Noise Take account of prevailing wind; Gas & Smoke, oil
Take account of prevailing wind; Gas & Smoke, oil on sea Isolated from fuel sources
Take account of prevailing wind; Gas &
Smoke, oil on sea
Isolated from fuel sources – greatest
extend possible - Considered an Ignition
Source (Cat.)
Fire wall or adequate spacing
Minimize windows facing production
HVAC with F&G
Provide quick and easy escape – at least
two independent routes

24

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS 25
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS 25
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS 25

25

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Muster Area Commonly designated temporary Mustering areas are the living quarters, control room, or lifeboat
Muster Area
Commonly designated temporary
Mustering areas are the living
quarters, control room, or lifeboat
station areas
living quarters, control room, or lifeboat station areas Provide protection for personnel for an amount of
Provide protection for personnel for an amount of time consistent with the platform evacuation philosophy.
Provide protection for personnel for an
amount of time consistent with the
platform evacuation philosophy.
Offshore survival gear
Lifeboats, rafts or capsules for all
personnel
At least two independent routes to the
sea

26

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Lifeboats Optimum location for escape 100% capacity incl. Visitors* * Some operators: 100% plus one
Lifeboats
Optimum location for escape
100% capacity incl. Visitors*
* Some operators: 100% plus one
additional boat
Lifeboats Optimum location for escape 100% capacity incl. Visitors* * Some operators: 100% plus one additional
Lifeboats Optimum location for escape 100% capacity incl. Visitors* * Some operators: 100% plus one additional
Lifeboats Optimum location for escape 100% capacity incl. Visitors* * Some operators: 100% plus one additional

27

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Unfired Process Area
Unfired Process Area
COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Unfired Process Area Source of fuel Protected against ignition sources
Source of fuel Protected against ignition sources Not to be placed directly above or below
Source of fuel
Protected against ignition sources
Not to be placed directly above or below
ignition sources
Liquid like to run downwards
Gas likely to rise upwards
Can be located next to wellheads
To be protected against dropped objects

28

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Fired Process Area
Fired Process Area
COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Fired Process Area Source of ignition Remote or protected from
Source of ignition Remote or protected from area that is source of fuel – including
Source of ignition
Remote or protected from area that is
source of fuel – including vertical
separation

29

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Machinery area
Machinery area
TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Machinery area Source of ignition Remotely located or otherwise
Source of ignition Remotely located or otherwise protected from: Wellheads Unfired Equipment Risers and pipelines
Source of ignition
Remotely located or otherwise protected
from:
Wellheads
Unfired Equipment
Risers and pipelines
If no fuel is present it is similar to LQ
and be located in proximity
Combustion engine driven machinery
have both ignition source as well as fuel.
To be separated from:
Wellheads
Risers
Hydrocarbon storage
LQ

30

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Flare & Vent
Flare & Vent
TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Flare & Vent Source of ignition Emits radiation and
Source of ignition Emits radiation and permissible distance shall be accessed Potential for burning rain
Source of ignition
Emits radiation and permissible distance
shall be accessed
Potential for burning rain
Platform
Support Vessels
Source of fuel
Radiation as for flare if ignited

31

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS API 521 Requirements will follow 3 2
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS API 521 Requirements will follow 3 2
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS API 521 Requirements will follow 3 2

API 521 Requirements will follow

32

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Wellhead areas
Wellhead areas
TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Wellhead areas Accessible for drill rig Separated and protected
Accessible for drill rig Separated and protected from: • Sources of ignition • Large inventories
Accessible for drill rig
Separated and protected from:
• Sources of ignition
• Large inventories of Hydrocarbon
• Large inventories of MeOH
• Dropped Objects
• Risers and Pipelines
• Maximum separation to
Accommodation

33

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Riser & Pipelines
Riser & Pipelines
COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Riser & Pipelines Separated from ignition sources Protected from ship
Separated from ignition sources Protected from ship impact Protected from dropped objects Not be placed
Separated from ignition sources
Protected from ship impact
Protected from dropped objects
Not be placed under living quarters*
Riser ESDV to be located as close as
possible to incoming point of platform
Protect Riser ESDV**
Prevent liquid accumulation under or
near riser ESDV
*) Unless special precautions have been
**) Consider fire protection

34

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS

Launcher & Receivers
Launcher & Receivers
COURSE API 14 J KEY REQUIREMENTS Launcher & Receivers Separated from ignition sources Oriented / Facing
Separated from ignition sources Oriented / Facing outbound Separated from highly travelled personnel routes Separated
Separated from ignition sources
Oriented / Facing outbound
Separated from highly travelled
personnel routes
Separated from material handling areas

35

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

What do we mean by Inherently Safer Design

SAFER DESIGN What do we mean by Inherently Safer Design Inherently Safer Design can be translated

Inherently Safer Design can be translated into;

“What you do not have can not harm you”

as well as

“Personnel that are not exposed does not get harmed”

into; “What you do not have can not harm you” as well as “Personnel that are

36

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN PRINCIPLES

• Fewer hazards

• Fewer causes

• Reduced severity

• Fewer / reduced consequences

SAFER DESIGN PRINCIPLES • Fewer hazards • Fewer causes • Reduced severity • Fewer / reduced

37

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

IP & UKOOA – Guidance for safer design

Projects should aim to minimise the exposure of personnel to hazards by adopting inherently safer
Projects should aim to minimise the exposure of personnel to
hazards by adopting inherently safer designs.
Modification projects should aim to offset any increase in risks
on existing installations by seeking reduction in other areas.

• Simplify installations

• Reduce equipment levels, including safety equipment

• Improve material choices and strength levels

• Decrease maintenance, repair and inspection for the lifetime of the installation

choices and strength levels • Decrease maintenance, repair and inspection for the lifetime of the installation

38

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

BP Guidance on Practice for Concept Selection for inherently safer

Historically, projects may have been driven by BU management and economic teams to minimised capital
Historically, projects may have been driven by BU
management and economic
teams to minimised capital expenditures (Capex) regardless of
the detrimental effects on operational expenditures (Opex),
personnel safety, and environmental consequences

Graham Dalzell

Risk equal OPEX^2 Nothing is Safety Critical
Risk equal OPEX^2
Nothing is Safety Critical
(Opex), personnel safety, and environmental consequences Graham Dalzell Risk equal OPEX^2 Nothing is Safety Critical 39

39

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Sound principles in Facility Layout:

• Provide space around individual items or groups of equipment to enable safe operation, inspection and maintenance;

• Orientate equipment to minimise the potential for escalation in case of a release e.g. Pig trap end enclosures orientated away from process equipment.

potential for escalation in case of a release e.g. Pig trap end enclosures orientated away from

40

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Crude Oil Receiver Wet Gas Receiver Gas Slug catcher Test separator
Crude Oil Receiver
Wet Gas Receiver
Gas Slug catcher
Test separator
LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN Crude Oil Receiver Wet Gas Receiver Gas Slug catcher Test

41

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Sound Principles in Facility Layout

• Provide a means for removal of equipment and transportation to laydown area/warehouse, and, if offshore, to/from facility to support vessel;

• Provide separation and segregation of hazards in the layout design, thereby reducing the possibility of escalation during an accidental event;

• Locate identified ignition sources with due consideration of the effects of wind for all credible gas release scenarios, in order to prevent immediate or delayed ignition;

of the effects of wind for all credible gas release scenarios, in order to prevent immediate

42

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 43
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 43

43

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Sound Principles in Facility Layout

• Design plant layouts to provide natural ventilation to assist with gas dispersion in the event of a release, or where found not to be adequate provide mechanical ventilation 1 ;

• Design to avoid congestion and confinement so limiting explosive overpressure;

• Provide containment for liquid spills and releases;

congestion and confinement so limiting explosive overpressure; • Provide containment for liquid spills and releases; 44

44

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 45
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 45

45

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Sound Principles in Facility Layout

• Provide sufficient separation between areas containing hydrocarbons and safe areas by separation distance for onshore plants, Floating Production, Storage and Offloading System (FPSOs) and bridge-linked platforms, and/or fire and blast barriers for production platforms.

• Accommodations offshore shall be located on separate platforms at a safe distance from wells, hydrocarbon carrying risers and process equipment. Where this is not feasible (e.g. due to water depth), mitigation measures shall be provided in the design such as fire and blast walls and the proposed design shall be demonstrated to have as a minimum a tolerable level of risk;

as fire and blast walls and the proposed design shall be demonstrated to have as a

46

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 47
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 47

47

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Sound Principles in Facility Layout

• Provide escape routes with redundancy and protection (as needed) to enable all personnel to escape to a safe location during an incident;

• Hydrocarbon containing risers shall be preferably located inside the jacket structure or if not possible shall be provided with suitable protection against boat impact.

• All jacket structures shall be provided with structural members to avoid the possibility for a vessel to pass beneath the jacket structure

shall be provided with structural members to avoid the possibility for a vessel to pass beneath

48

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

UKOOA

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN UKOOA 49
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN UKOOA 49

49

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 50

50

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 51
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 51

51

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Dominant release sites:

• Pipe work • Valves • Instruments ≈ 72%
• Pipe work
• Valves
Instruments
≈ 72%
52
52

Dead legs

COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN Dominant release sites: • Pipe work • Valves • Instruments ≈ 72%

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Leak frequency for the 15 highest ranking equipment types (leaks/system year)

Dual fuel turbines and recip. compressors highest ranking as indicated by system leaks. Failure in
Dual fuel turbines and recip.
compressors highest ranking as
indicated by system leaks.
Failure in equipment such as:
are not shown by figure (due to
low individual frequency) but are
important due to the high
numbers of these.

HSR 2002

o Instruments o Valves o Flanges o Piping
o
Instruments
o
Valves
o
Flanges
o
Piping
due to the high numbers of these. HSR 2002 o Instruments o Valves o Flanges o
due to the high numbers of these. HSR 2002 o Instruments o Valves o Flanges o

Power from shore ?

53

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Can we use fewer wells

Horizontal multizone wells

Less rotating equipment

Minimize number of pumps and compressors – Do we need spares ?

Less Processing

Export multiphase to shore

Export Wet gas

Export at lower pressure

compressors – Do we need spares ? Less Processing Export multiphase to shore Export Wet gas

54

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN Fired heater Hot work during production 55

Fired heater

Hot work during production

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN Fired heater Hot work during production 55

55

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 56
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 56

56

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 57
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 57

57

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 58 DA Wellhead
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE
INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN
58
DA Wellhead
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 59 HA Location
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE
INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN
59
HA Location

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 60
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 60

60

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 61
FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN 61

61

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Short bridge on Gorm in the order of 5 - 10 meters.
Short bridge on Gorm in
the order of 5 - 10
meters.
DESIGN Short bridge on Gorm in the order of 5 - 10 meters. A short bridge
DESIGN Short bridge on Gorm in the order of 5 - 10 meters. A short bridge
DESIGN Short bridge on Gorm in the order of 5 - 10 meters. A short bridge

A short bridge between Gorm B and Gorm F was initially proposed in the design of Gorm F to avoid the need for a crane on Gorm F.

Later in the design it was decided to include the crane anyway but the bridge was not extended.

Placing Gorm E next to accommodation is questionable.

62

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE INHERENTLY SAFER DESIGN

Location of turbine air intakes and exhaust piping shall be considered carefully. A gas cloud reaching a turbine has a very high probability of ignition.

exhaust piping shall be considered carefully. A gas cloud reaching a turbine has a very high
exhaust piping shall be considered carefully. A gas cloud reaching a turbine has a very high
exhaust piping shall be considered carefully. A gas cloud reaching a turbine has a very high

63

FACILITIES LAYOUT TRAINING COURSE PROVISION FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

• Additional wells (extra row)

• Additional process or WI module

• Additional produced water handling / treatment facilities

• Other facilities, increased environmental requirements

• Additional risers / in- & outgoing pipelines

• Structure prepared for future bridge connection(s)

• Additional accommodation – accommodation module prepared for extension

• Prepare at early stage in design an “Expansion Strategy” and include provisions

module prepared for extension • Prepare at early stage in design an “Expansion Strategy” and include

64

THANK YOU

65