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Resistance & Propulsion (1)

MAR 2010

Self Propulsion Tests

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Introduction
Objectives of Self propulsion test:
1. To confirm early ship power & speed requirements
and to check the propulsor is able to absorb the
delivered power
2. To derive values of propulsion factors (w, t, R )

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Test procedure
Model is mounted on the
carriage similar to a
conventional calm water test.
However a propulsion system
is also added
T-R
T, Q

T
Dynamometer

Motor

Towed resistance (R)

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Test procedures
T-R
T, Q

T
Dynamometer

1.

Motor

Towed resistance (R)

Number of sets of runs in each of which the


model hull speed Vm is fixed at a speed
corresponding to the ship speed Vs

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Test procedures
T-R
T, Q

T
Dynamometer

2.

Motor

Towed resistance (R)

In each set the propeller speed (n) is varied


from a low value (T<R i.e. model under
propelled) through a value of self propulsion
(T=R model self propelled) to a high value
(T>R model over propelled).
(T = Thrust, R = Resistance)
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Test procedures
T-R
T, Q

T
Dynamometer

3.

Motor

Towed resistance (R)

During each run measurements are taken for


Vm , nm , Tm , Qm , & carriage dynamometer

force T - R

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Test Procedures
For extrapolation of the results to the full scale
prediction we refer to BTTP-1965 procedures as
follows:

Model test results are analysed in terms of:

KT P , KQP , C

TR

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test

For fixed Vm

10KQP

10KQP

1.2 (1 + x)F C

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

T R

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard X=0)

Model self propulsion point

KT P

KT P

T R

+
JP

(1 + x)F C

Ship service self


propulsion point
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

P/D = 0.8

Self propulsion test


KQP
C

C
m

1.2 (1 + x)F C

T R

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard
X=0)

Ship self propulsion


point

KT P

T R

JP
-

(1 + x)F C

Ship service
self propulsion point

The residual drag coefficients ( CR ) of the ship and model will be the
same but the frictional will not. Therefore a skin friction correction must
be applied to C T R
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


KQP
C

C
m

1.2 (1 + x)F C

T R

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard
X=0)

Ship self propulsion


point

KT P

T R

JP
-

Ship service
self propulsion point

The first shift corrects for the skin friction coefficient:


cs!
cm
SF C = !

(i.e. shift 0-0 line down)

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


KQP
C

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

1.2 (1 + x)F C

T R

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard
X=0)

Ship self propulsion


point

KT P

T R

JP
-

(1 + x)F C

Ship service
self propulsion point

For trial condition the power prediction factor is also included (2nd shift)

cs
!

trial

cs
= (1 + x)f !

cs!
cm
(1 + x)f !

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


KQP
C

sC

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

1.2 (1 + x)F C

T R

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard
X=0)

Ship self propulsion


point

KT P

T R

JP
-

Ship service
self propulsion point

For service the power margin of 1.2 is included (3rd shift), hence:

cs!
cm
1.2(1 + x)f !
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


Then at ship trial self propulsion point we read off:

Jp

KQp

KT p

KQP
C

1.2 (1 + x)F C

T R

Ship self propulsion


point (Trial)

Ship self propulsion


point (Standard
X=0)

Ship self propulsion


point

KT P

T R

JP
-

(1 + x)F C

Ship service
self propulsion point

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test

Then model rps at the self propulsion point:

nm

V
=
Jp Dm

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test

define a resistance coefficient:

Rm
kR =
4
n2m Dm
Where Rm is the resistance of the ship
reduced to model scale and calculated
c )
from ( !
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test

Then propulsive efficiency D

4
Pe
Rm Vm
n2m Dm
kR Vm
=
=
=
5 K
PD
2nm Qm
2nm n2m Dm
Qp

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


Finally, given that:

Vm
Jp =
nm Dm

kR
Jp
=
=
2
KQp

(Self propulsion test)

Then for each speed calculate:

PD

PE
= (1 + x)
D

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

(towing tank test)

Self propulsion test


Confirmation of the propeller speed including the scale
effect due to the propeller wake

(rpm)Ns = 60 nm

Dm
Ds

Ns = k2 Nstandard
k2 = 1.265 0.1(1 + x)F 0.2CB
(according to BTTP-65)
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


Finally plot the predicted values of PD , Ns vs Vs
PD

Ns
Ns

Design PD

PD
Vs
Predicted trial speed
Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


The previous method derived the ship power and
speed requirements.
The following is to derive w, t, & R .
Tests require:
Thrust and torque data of the stock propellers used
Equivalent open water propeller curve

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test

From the open water data of the equivalent propeller


select one of 2 methods, either:
Same torque at the propulsion test rpm, this is known as
Torque identity analysis
Same thrust at the propulsion test rpm, this is known as
thrust identity analysis

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

ot

0.6

oq

0.5
0.4

Input from S-P


tests for Torque
identity analysis

KQ p
KQ ot

0.3

KT oq

0.2

Input from S-P


tests for Thrust
identity analysis

KT p

KT ot

0.1
0

Jo q
0.1

0.2

0.3

Jo t
0.4

0.5

0.6

0.65

0.7

Advance coefficient

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

0.8

Thrust identity analysis


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

ot

0.6
0.5
0.4

KQ p
KQ ot

0.3

KT p

0.2

KT ot

0.1
0

Jo t
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

Jp
0.5

0.6

0.65

0.7

Advance coefficient

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

0.8

Thrust identity analysis


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

ot

0.6
0.5
0.4

KQ p
KQ ot

0.3

KT p

0.2

KT ot

0.1
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

Jo t
0.4
0.5

Jp

0.6

0.65

0.7

0.8

Advance coefficient

Jp Jot
wt =
Jp

ht

1t
=
1 wt

Rt

Kqot
=
Kqp

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Thrust identity analysis


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

ot

0.6
0.5
0.4

KQ p
KQ ot

0.3

KT p

0.2

KT ot

0.1
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

Jo t
0.4
0.5

Jp

0.6

0.65

0.7

0.8

Advance coefficient

ot

Ktp
Jot

=
2
Kqot

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Torque identity analysis


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

0.6

oq

0.5
0.4

KQ p

0.3
KT oq

0.2

KT p

0.1
0

Jo q
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.65

0.7

0.8

Advance coefficient

Jp Joq
wq =
Jp

Ktp KR
t=
Ktp

hq

1t
=
1 wq

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Torque identity analysis


KT

0.7

10 KQ

Eta_0

0.6

oq

0.5
0.4

KQ p

0.3
KT oq

0.2

KT p

0.1
0

Jo q
0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.65

0.7

Advance coefficient

Rq

Ktp
=
KT oq

oq

Ktoq
Joq

=
2
Kqp

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

0.8

Self propulsion test

In evaluation of R in the thrust identity:

Pto
o =
PDo

Ptb
B =
PDb

B
PT b
PDo
R =
=

o
PDb
PT o

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


In torque identity PDb = PDo

Rq

PT b
Ktp
=
=
PT o
KT oq

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


In thrust identity PDb = PDo

PT b = PT o

Rt

PDo
Kqot
=
=
PD
Kqp

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

Self propulsion test


But

D = hq oq Rq = ht ot Rt

The above check may be applied to the derived


quantities for both analysis procedures which should
give similar results.

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008

End of Presentation

Rod Sampson - School of Marine Science and Technology - 15th April 2008