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Republic of the Philippines

PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION


Manila
BOARD OF CRIMINOLOGY
CRIMINOLOGISTS Licensure Examination
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CRIME DETECTION, INVESTIGATION & PREVENTION
SET B
INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one
answer for each item by shading the box corresponding to the letter of your choice on the
answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. Use pencil no. 1 only.
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Regnum
C. Enmity
B. Rancor
D. Bitterness
2. What is the worlds oldest cultivated plant as a source of prohibited drug?
A. Marijuana
C. Opium
B. Coca bush
D. Peyote
3. The existence of an accomplice presupposes the existence of _______________.
A. Principal by indispensable cooperation
C. Any of this
B. Principal by direct participation
D. Principal by induction
4. Which indicator in the investigation of terrorism gives focus to the terrorist preparation
involving other crimes?
A. Adjunct criminal activities
C. tangible evidence
B. Social behaviors
D. Pre-Incident
5. In the Philippines, which of the following agencies must be accountable for an effective
driver control program?
A. Courts
C. All of those
B. LTO
D. Police
6. What kind of personal property can be subject of search or seizure?
A. Fruits of the offense or those used or intended to be used as the means of
committing an offence
B. Subject of the offense
C. Stolen or embezzled property
D. All of these
7. Mental Invalid in the context of drug abuse means _________.
A. Distorted sensory perception
C. Lost of contact with reality
B. Mental deterioration due to drug abuse
D. Loss of will power to quit from drug use
8. What kind of patrol is one moving on a specified road between two points usually on one
city or a section of a highway?
A. Linear Traffic Observation
C. Conspicuous Traffic Observation
B. Visible Traffic Observation
D. Arial Traffic observation
9. What kind of photograph can be utilized for investigating obliterated and or altered
writings to determine if two different inks where used on the same documents?
A. X-ray
C. Any of these
B. Ultra-violet
D. Infra red
10. What is an excellent way of filling accident reports in rural areas?
A. By numeral route designation
C. None of these
B. Primary and secondary filing
D. By street designation
11. Before attacking a fire in closed building it is necessary to determine whether ventilating is
necessary and if so, the method of ventilating. Which is of least value in making such a
decision?
A. Observing density of smoke through windows
B. Observing the points at which smoke may be oozing out from the building
C. Feeling walls and roofs for hot spots
Criminology Board Examination Reviewer
Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

D. Observing the color of the smoke


12. If a person devotes considerable time and effort in obtaining the drug, thinking and
discussing about it and using it to meet his problems and to escape from reality, he is
________.
A. Socially dependent on drugs
C. Psychologically dependent on drugs
B. Mentally dependent on drugs
D. Physically dependent on drugs
13. What kind of writing primarily aims to inform readers?
A. All of these
C. Argument
B. Exposition
D. Narrative
14. Rigor Mortis is first observed in the jaws and neck, and moves to the head front direction.
While it starts at the same time, within how many hours can it be said that have been
completed?
A. 6 to 8
C. 8 to 12
B. 12 to 24
D. 6 to 12
15. What public storm signal is raised when there is very intense typhoon affecting the locality
with very strong winds of more than 185 kph, and may be expected in at least 12 hours?
A. 4
C. 3
B. 1
D. 2
16. What is usually contained in a traffic short form?
A. Fatal, personal and property damage
B. Fatal, personal injury
C. Time, location, participants
D. Time, location, participants and severity
17. Which of the word below Is NOT related to the others?
A. Transmute
C. Transient
B. Alter
D. Metamorphose
18. What is the antidote for amphetamine poisoning?
A. Argot
C. Morphine
B. Barbiturate drugs
D. Chloral hydrate
19. Who built in 1885 the first vehicle propelled by a high-speed internal combustion engine?
A. Walter Ladd
C. Henry ford
B. Joseph Cugnot
D. German Daimler
20. ________________ is an international big business enterprise being run by big-time
transnational criminal syndicates who oftentimes enjoy the protection of state authorities.
A. Illegal drugs trading
C. Carnapping
B. Kidnapping
D. Trafficking
21. What is the constant temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the
atmospheric pressure?
A. Kindling temperature
C. Fire point
B. Boiling point
D. Flash point
22. What is the questioning initiated by the law enforcement officers after a person has been
taken into custody?
A. Detention
C. Criminal Interrogation
B. Custodial investigation
D. Interview
23. How can you ensure a systematic procedure by which you are able to say that other
similar articles could NOT have been substituted?
A. All of these
C. Protection and prevention
B. Collection and Identification
D. Transmission and Disposition
24. Which of the sciences below is particularly important to apply as aids in detecting culprits
of crimes involving physical violence? Its use is associated mainly with physical evidences.
A. Biology
C. Criminalistics
B. Physics
D. Pathology
25. The issue of confidentiality of police hinges on the reason that _________.
A. The suspect may be identified and assisted by friends to hide in a far place.
B. The victim might be put to bad light and may drop the case.
C. On-going investigation may be compromised if the police report is open to the public
D. The investigator might free superior over his associates.
26. When is a child presumed to have been abandoned?

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

A. Failure to provide care and support of a child for no valid reason at all
B. Upon failure to report to the law enforcement agency or the DSWD within 48 hours
C. Upon failure to provide care and support of a child at least for 6 continuous months
D. Any of this
27. What moves rapidly by convection and can spread laterally along the ceiling?
A. Heat
C. Smoke
B. Fire
D. Temperature
28. Which of the words below is NOT related the others?
A. Animate
C. Light
B. Kindle
D. Ken
29. Our oaths of offices demand that we should not be swayed by what is popular, fanciful, or
fashionable but what is right and _________.
A. Well
C. Fair
B. Moral
D. Fundamental
30. How do you handle interviews of suspicious types?
A. Transform him with an ideal witness
C. His fear must first be allayed
B. Employ physical influences
D. Lead subject to relevant matters
31. If proof is the outcome of evidences, what is evidence?
A. Measurement of guilt
C. Instrument of proof
B. Means of social control
D. All of these
32. The amateur criminal usually commits crimes because of __________.
A. High capability
C. Any of these
B. Exceptional opportunity
D. Incessant desire
33. What kind of gas exists solely in the gaseous state under pressure and at normal
atmospheric temperature inside its container?
A. cryogenic gas
C. liquefied gas
B. compressed gas
D. nuclear gas
34. What drugs are capable of provoking changes of sensation, thinking, self-awareness and
emotion?
A. Narcotics
C. Stimulants
B. Depressants
D. Hallucinogens
35. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Irksome
C. Winsome
B. Boring
D. Tedious
36. Which of the word below is NOT related to the others?
A. Pimp
C. Pomp
B. Magnificence
D. Grandeur
37. What is contained in the details section of the report?
A. Narration of the investigation steps by the paragraph
B. Establishing relationship of the details uncovered by the phase of the investigation
Being reported
C. All of these
D. Narrative account of the investigation
38. Senator De Castros smashing victory in the election means that he has retained his seat
in the senate. This is
A. Opinion
C. Guess
B. Event
D. Fact
39. As a basic guide to investigators, he should look upon the evidences as serving to
establish _________________.
A. Indication of the guilty person
C. Method of operation of the operator
B. Any of this
D. The corpus delicti
40. As a general rule, the warrant is directed to be served in __________.
A. Any of the day or night
C. Any time
B. Day time
D. Any time of the day
41. What type of road way provides access from a local street and a major traffic generating
areas?
A. Major arteries
C. Thruways
B. Collecting
D. expressways

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

42. Which of the following are crimes reported according to arrests made by the police
rather than crimes reported to the police?
A. Victimless crimes
C. Non-index crimes
B. Hate crimes
D. Index crimes
43. When do you post a close case stamp on a criminal case report?
A. Upon failure to establish a corpus delecti
C. Upon death of the subject
B. Facts are incomplete
D. Upon completion of investigation
44. Who among the scientific aiders in crime detection can inform the investigator as to the
death of a person?
A. Fingerprint expert
C. Medical examiner
B. Ballistician
D. Cardiologists
45. Which refers to an inquiry or proceedings conducted by duly trained members of multidisciplinary team to determine whether child abuse was committed?
A. Custodial interrogation
C. Police interrogation
B. Police interview
D. Disclosure interview
46. What is the modern procedure for coping with streets and highway traffic by improving
road efficiency?
A. Traffic engineering
C. Traffic education
B. Traffic management
D. Traffic direction
47. What is the key to gaining an inside informant from a terrorist group?
A. Knowledge of frustration within the organization
B. Knowledge of the person
C. Knowledge of the person and organization
D. Knowledge of the organization
48. What is the state arising from repeated administration of a drug or on a periodic or on a
continuing basis?
A. Habituation
C. Drug dependence
B. Drug addiction
D. Physical dependence
49. In crime scene photography, the crime photographer should be interested only in
___________.
A. Taking the pictures of relatives
C. taking the view only
B. Portraying the facts of the case
D. taking good photographs
50. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Reinstate
C. Fortify
B. Augment
D. Reinforce
51. What privilege can be availed of only once, by first offenders for penalties of
imprisonment not exceeding six (6) years?
A. Parole
C. Probation
B. Psychological services
D. Home life services
52. Dovetail means___________.
A. Join
C. End abruptly
B. To agitate
D. Taper
53. Which of the following is an investigative deficiency in evidence collection?
A. Any of this
B. Inadequate sampling
C. Clue materials usually found in the presence of a foreign substance
D. Sub-standard samples
54. Aware of the common modus operandi of arson cases in our midst, which of the following
facilities should you check?
A. Electric switch system
C. Gift-wrapped packages
B. All of these
D. Telephones
55. When taking a photograph with the purpose of showing a view that a witness might have
seen the camera, position would normally be ____________.
A. In its normal position
C. Parallel to the subject matter
B. At eyes level
D. Overhead
56. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Minions
C. Conflict
B. Militate
D. Oppose
57. What should the firefighter do when ventilating a peaked roof?

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

A. Make opening at the right angles to ridges pole


B. Make openings parallel to ridge pole on windward side of roof
C. Rip off roof covering on lee side and cut sheathing
D. Make opening on windward side of the roof peak
58. What classification would solvents, paints and gasoline, which are examples of substances
that are sniffed to obtain intoxication fall?
A. Depressants
C. Energizers
B. Inhalants
D. Tranquilizers
59. What is the measure of the degree of thermal agitation of molecules?
A. Ignition point
C. Temperature
B. Flash point
D. Boiling point
60. What kind of evidence links the suspect to the crime scene or offense?
A. Associative
C. Physical
B. Tracing evidence
D. Corpus delicti
61. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Sting
C. Accumulate
B. Hoard
D. Stock
62. To cut a hole in a concrete floor for a cellular type, the cutting operation should start
________.
A. At the thickest point of the concrete flooring
B. At the center of the concrete flooring between the floor beams
C. Close to the floor beams
D. Close to the wall
63. When there is a collision between a train and a bus, which unit of the police should take
charge?
A. Homicide division
C. General Investigation unit
B. Traffic investigation unit
D. Traffic Management Group
64. What is a material that easily yields oxygen in quantities sufficient to stimulate or support
combustion?
A. Smoke
C. Carbon
B. Oxidizing material
D. Ember
65. Which is the most difficult for an investigator regarding informants?
A. Tapping outside source
B. Convincing the insider to spill the beans
C. Outsourcing information
D. Convincing a peripheral informant to act as a witness
66. One who undergoes preventive imprisonment is known as __________.
A. Parole
C. Detention prisoner
B. Probationer
D. Any of this
67. What hair has very narrow medulla?
A. Animal hair
C. Human hair
B. Silk
D. Synthetic hair
68. What is the process of separating light from common colors?
A. Configuration
C. Dispersion
B. Refraction Index
D. None of this
69. In a crime scene physical investigation, what is the interest of the police investigator in
relation to the criminal or suspect?
A. Scene reconstruction
B. Extent of influence of the victim as reflected by the physical evidence
C. Pattern of action or modus operandi
D. Traces from the scene imparted on the criminal/suspect
70. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Frisk
C. Jeopardized
B. Risk
D. Endanger
71. If a ball - point pen is used to write a document that is being questioned, dictated
standards to be obtained must be taken in which of the following manner?
A. The whole dictated writing must be done also in ball - point pen
B. Two sets of 10 sufficient standards must be taken. One set using ball- point
pen and the other set using fountain pen.

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

C. One half of the dictated writing should be done using a ball point and the other half
in fountain pen
D. Two sets of 10 sufficient standards must be taken. One set in ball point pen and the
other is pencil
72. The cause of the majority of fire deaths is:
A. Infection
C. Shock
B. Burns
D. Asphyxiation
73. What is that geographical portrayal of the accident history of a location for a certain
period?
A. Spot maps
C. Police Accident Report
B. Accident summary sheet
D. Collision diagrams
74. As a rule it would not be sufficient for police officers just to recite section 20, Art. IV of
the constitution, he must also duty bound to __________.
A. Explain the effects of some rights in practical terms
B. None of them
C. Tell the person of the right which he is detained
D. Communicate what the person under interrogation may or may not do
75. Human rights are inalienable, indivisible, interdependent and __________.
A. Independent
C. Imprescriptible
B. Inherent
D. All of this
76. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Habitat
C. Hackneyed
B. Abode
D. Domicile
77. Machiavellian means ____________.
A. Practical
C. Straight forward
B. Crafty
D. Weird
78. As a criminologist/responder to terrorism, how would you protect yourself and the public
by isolating terrorists?
A. Note down specific dangers
B. Free the captured victim right away
C. Collect and share collect information
D. Downplay potential threats
79. What is the disposition under which a defendant, after conviction and sentence is
released, subject to condition imposed by the court?
A. Pardon
C. Parole
B. Executive clemency
D. Probation
80. Street level pushing/peddling is a problem addressed by which of the following police
operational strategy?
A. Demand reduction
C. All of this
B. Community oriented policing system
D. Supply reduction
81. Anti-Sexual Harassment is also known as __________.
A. R.A. 6975
C. R.A 7877
B. R.A. 7610
D. P.D. 603
82. Any person under investigation shall have the right to ___________.
A. Be informed of such right
C. All of this
B. Remain silent
D. Counsel
83. What is the situation in which the capacity to sustain livelihood and the life is threatened
primarily by political factors and in particular high levels of violence?
A. Complex emergency
C. Terrorism
B. Natural Calamity
D. Man-made disaster
84. What is the street name of morphine?
A. Crystal
C. Lahar
B. Monkey
D. Bata
85. The first important step to take in combating trafficking in women from the human rights
perspective would be:
A. Raise the officials awareness and understanding
B. All of this
C. When public officials awareness, understanding has been raised and their
commitment to uphold and protect womens right

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

D. Raise the public officials awareness


86. Which of the following drawing is made primarily for courtroom presentation
A. Rough sketch
C. All of this
B. Rough draft
D. Finished drawing
87. A power oriented traffic control/devise by which traffic is warned or directed to take some
specific action is called __________.
A. Object markings
C. Traffic light signal
B. Reflectorized markings
D. Club markings
88. Can a child below 15 years of age be employed?
A. It depends whether he has a working permit
B. Yes, provided employer ensure protection, health, safety and name of the child
C. None of this
D. No he is a minor
89. What are the symptoms of the use of amphetamines?
A. Excitement, alertness and wakefulness
B. Sensation of distorted time, space, sound and color
C. Loss of appetite, anxiety and irritability
D. False perceptions of object and experiences
90. ___________________ is the thing that has actually happened and is true.
A. Opinion
C. Fact
B. Guess
D. Reality
91. There are two types of standards to be obtained in the investigation of questioned
documents, one is collected and the other is ________.
A. Photographed
C. None of this
B. Dictated
D. Bargain
92. Which of the words below is NOT related to the others?
A. Shackle
C. Boggle
B. Haggle
D. Bargain
93. Galton, one of the fingerprints pioneer, scientifically estimated that the possibility of the
prints of just two fingers being identical to each other was ___________.
A. 70 billion to 1
C. 64 billion to 1
B. 50 billion to 1
D. 100 billion to 1
94. In a combustion process, which event comes first?
A. Fire point
C. None of this
B. Ignition temperature
D. Flash point
95. How probable cause determined before a search warrant is is in order?
A. All of this
B. By the judge after examination under oath
C. By the affirmation of the complainant and witness he may produce
D. Personally, by the judge
96. What is the act of injecting or that means of introducing the dangerous drug into the
physiological system of the body
A. Consumption
C. Use
B. Administration
D. Abuse
97. What is called of that threat of using illegal physical methods to introduce a suspect to
make admission or confession?
A. All of this
C. Third degree
B. Coercion
D. Duress
98. Molten means ______________.
A. Glowing
C. Feathery
B. Milky
D. Liquefied by heat
99. This, That, There and Those are examples of what kind of pronouns?
A. Prepositions
C. Adjectives
B. Demonstration
D. Interjection
100. What kind of police reporting includes offense, offender and victim data?
A. National crime information system
C. National crime victimization survey
B. Incident-based
D. Uniform crime reporting

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer


Crime Detection, Investigation and Prevention
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim