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# I1

Universiti
Malaysia
- PAHANG
Y
Engineering

;l Creativity

## FACULTY OF INDUSTRIAL SCIENCES & TECHNOLOGY

FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE

APPLIED STATISTICS

COURSE CODE

BUM2413

LECTURER

AZLYNA SENAWI

DATE

8 NOVEMBER 2010

DURATION

3 HOURS

SEMESTER

## SESSION 2010/2011 SEMESTER I

PROGRAMME CODE :

BFF/BFM

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:
1. This question paper consists of SEVEN (7) questions. Answer ALL
questions.
3. Answer EACH question on a new page.
4. All calculations and assumptions must be clearly shown.
EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:
1.
2.

## Statistical Tables and Formula

Scientific Calculator
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of NINE (9) printed pages including the front page.

BFF/BFMI1O1 111BUM2413

CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 1
UMP Human Resources and Management Department doing a survey of newspaper read
by non academic staff. The staffs are randomly picked for the survey and the data are
summarized as follows.
Newspapers

Number of staffs

Berita Harlan

30

Kosmo

42

15

The-Star
(a)

--7:
20:::l

(1 Mark)

(b)

## Determine the technique of collecting data used in this survey.

(1 Mark)

QUESTION 2
Two different brands of latex paint are being considered for use. Drying time in hours is
being measured on specimen samples of the use of the two paints. Fifteen specimens for
each were selected and the drying times are given as follows.
Paint B

Paint A
3'S

94:

T1 4P34
- -.

i S4:4.

## Find a 95% confidence

interval for the difference of the true average drying time between the two brands of
paints.
(11 Marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

BFFIBFM/101 111BUM2413

QUESTION 3
Past data indicate that the variance of measurements made on sheet metal stampings by
experienced quality inspector is 0.15 square inch. Such measurements made by an
inexperienced inspector could have too large variance perhaps because of inability to read
instruments properly or too small variance perhaps because unusually high or low
measurements are discarded. A new inspector measures a random sample of 80
stampings with a variance of 0.10 square inch.
Test a hypothesis testing at 0.01 level of significance whether the new inspector is

(a)

(8 Marks)
(b)

## Construct a 95% confidence interval for the true standard deviation of

measurements made on sheet metal stampings by new inspector.
(5 Marks)

QUESTION 4

Samples of peanut buffer produced by three different manufacturers were tested for
sodium content (measured in mg), with the following results:
Mean

Variance

6.3

5.40

5.56

2.7

4.50

2.78

3.0

4.20

2.63

Sodium content
Brand
7.5
4.7
3.1
8.3
2.5
A
--Brand
3.2
7.2
5.6
3.8
4.5
B
Brand
4.2
6.8
2.4
3.5
5.3
C

## Is there a significant difference in the mean amounts of sodium content in these

samples? Use a = 0.05
(15 Marks)

BFFIBFM/101 111BUM2413

CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 5

## A group of researchers conducted two-factor experiment used to investigate the effect of

pH and catalyst concentration on product viscosity (measured in centistokes). The data
are as follows.
pH
5.6
5.9
(a)

Catalyst Concentration
27
25
178, 186, 179, 188
192, 199, 189, 198
197, 196, 204, 244
185, 193, 185, 192

The ANOVA summary table for the above data is shown below.
Source of variation
pH
Catalyst Concentration
Interaction
Error
Total

SS
473.063
95.063
1757.250
3430938

df
1
1

MS
473.063

F
3.230

1105.563

7.550

15

(6 Marks)
(b)

## At a 0.05 , test is there an interaction effect between pH and catalyst

concentration on product viscosity.
(5 Marks)

rd

CONFIDENTIAL

BFFIBFM/101 111BUM2413

QUESTION 6

A study of seat belt users and nonusers yielded a randomly selected sample data
summarized in the following table. At a = 0.1 significance level, test the claim that the
amount of smoking is independent with seat belt use.
Number of Cigarettes Smoked per Day

## Wear seat belt

Don't wear seat belt

1-14

l5 and over

E175

20

48

149

17

50

(14 Marks)

BFFIBFM/101 111BUM2413

CONFIDENTIAL

QUESTION 7

In an experiment, the masses (in grams) of potassium bromide dissolved in 100 grams of
water were recorded at temperature raised from 10C.
Temperature (C)
10
20
30
40
50

Mass (gram)
61
64
70
73
78

(a) Compute the value of the correlation coefficient for the above data.

(8 Marks)

(b) What can you conclude from the value of the correlation coefficient obtained from
part (a)?
(1 Mark)
(c) Assuming that there is a significant linear relationship between the temperature 100
grams of water and the mass of potassium bromide, find the equation of the
regression line for the data.
(3 Marks)
(d) Estimate the mass of potassium bromide will dissolve in 100 grams of water at
temperature 35C.
(2 Marks)

## END OF EXAMINATION PAPER

BFFIBFMI1011IIBUM2413

CONFIDENTIAL

## APPENDIX - Table of Formulas

Confidence Interval & Hypothesis Testing for one Population
[X

Z/

2fl)
fest

[Za r,Ziest=P
/n)

[x t/ ni

'esf =
Xrn

I Z JiiT1 z
"

x
3 - and

where

=1

(n-1) s

_1)s2
2 - (n
Co2

(n-1)s2 ')
' 2
Zia,,ni)

## Confidence Interval & Hypothesis Testing for Two Populations

I '+

fl
12

2)Po
-

Unequal variance
5EI

S2

yfl1

Ii+4

fl2)

Unequal variance
2
S12
1+2

L2 2
_a/

, tsj

(XI-2)-0

12 52
+
fni n2

where

v_

n1 '2

ILi I2
W
n1

-1

L2)
n2-1

CONFIDENTIAL

BFFIBFMI101 1UBUM2413

Equal variance
[

2 )z,,iS

(-2)

\1n1

n2

Equal variance

2)t,1S

(i-2)i'0
Fn,+

)
SP

+n2 2

=
SP

AP2q2(1-2) p
F
,

[C1-2)Zai

Z11

0,

where

Pn,

If p0

F
^+

and

=1

(1)
2

where

P^

V
PP

+n2

PP)

1
S2

n2 In1 I

',n1-1,n2-1

S2

## One Way ANOVA

x i_x2

SST =
1=1 j=I

SS(Tr)

1
1
= _E X 2 __X2

n 1'

N"

Continencv Tables
x n.
ni
J

and

n
R

c (n..E..)
Ii

1=1 j=I

.L,

Goodness of Fit
(o1E1)2
1=1

E1

## Simple Linear Regression

Refer to Statistical Tables and Formulae

CONFIDENTIAL

BFFIBFM/101 111BUM2413

SST=>xk
1=1 j1 k=1

abn

SSA 2 __ix2
=x'
bn i=1 abn
SSA =

x2. -

x2

SSAB=1 > x
n i=1 j1

an

an

abn

SSA SSB