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Zaman University

Civil Engineering Department

ELASTIC CRITICAL MOMENT FOR


LATERAL-TORSIONAL BUCKLING OF COLDFORMED CHANNEL BEAMS

By:

Kolneath Pen
Meta Soy

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ELASTIC CRITICAL MOMENT FOR


LATERAL-TORSIONAL BUCKLING OF COLD-FORMED
CHANNEL BEAMS

Kolneath Pen, BS
Meta Soy, BS

Zaman University, 2015

Supervisor: Dr. Miroslav Stibor


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ABSTRACT:
Cold-formed channel beams are one of the magnificent inventions in the steel
construction industry for its compatibility with joints, higher yield strength after the cold
effect when it has reach the strain-hardening stage, high strength-to-width ratio, and
trivial connections with other members. Due to the late introduction of cold-formed
channel beams into the construction industry, there are inadequate design standards and
building codes for this particular section. Thus, an urge to investigate the resistance of
cold-formed channel beams impels the authors to study one of the three buckling failure
modes, distortional, local and lateral-torsional buckling, of cold-formed channel beams:
lateral-torsional buckling. Lateral-torsional buckling is a buckling failure mode, which
occurs when the applied load causes lateral displacement and twisting out of plane in the
compression zone of the beam. This load could be determined as the lateral-torsional
buckling load, which then is used to induce the elastic critical moment, Mcr. Mcr plays an
important role in determining the lateral-torsional resistance of the cold-formed channel
beams whereby fast and precise calculation should be done. However, the analytical
formula to compute the Mcr value through EN1993-1-1 seems complicated and timeconsuming, which therefore could be improved through simplification to expedite the
humans efforts.


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CONTENTS:
Page
List of Tables.. ix
List of Figures xi
Chapter I Introduction.. 1
1.1 Lateral-Torsional Buckling Verification Via Eurocode EN1993-1-1.... 4
Chapter II Objective...... 7
Chapter III Literature Review...... 11
3.1 Comparison between Hot-rolled I Section and Cold-formed Channel Section
.. 13
3.2 Methods for Evaluation of Elastic Critical Moment.. 13
Chapter IV Methodology.... 22
Chapter V Modeling.... 26
5.1 Details of Finite Element Models.. 28
5.2 Buckling Analysis.. 30
5.3 Result. 31
5.4 Models Comparison and Selection.... 35
Chapter VI Analysis and Results.. 41
6.1 Analysis Procedure to Obtain Elastic Critical Moment. 43
6.2 Calculation of Critical Moment Using Theoretical Analysis.... 43
6.3 Analysis and Results.. 45
Chapter VII Comparison and Result Discussion..... 64


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Chapter VIII Conclusion... 71


Reference...... 75


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List of Tables

TABLE NO

TITLE

PAGE

3.1

Cosines of angles between the axes in figure 3.1

15

5.1

Result of C-beam models from the three criteria

35

6.1

Value of C1 & C2 presented by Balz (2012)

45


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List of Figures

FIGURE NO

TITLE

PAGE

1.1

Unrestrained beam exposed to lateral-torsional buckling

1.2

Axis of symmetry of I-beam cross-section

3.1

Different views of I-beam under lateral-torsional


buckling

14

3.2

Value of C2

18

5.1

Cross-sectional data summary of our C-beam

28

5.2

C-beam model via using BEAM188

29

5.3

Result of C-beam model via using BEAM188

32

5.4

Result of C-beam model via using SHELL181

33

5.5

Result of C-beam model via using SOLID185

34

5.6

Comparison of models with varying element size for 1 m


length

36

5.7

Comparison of models with varying element size for 3 m


length

36

5.8

Comparison of models with varying element size for 6 m


length

37

5.9

Results from SHELL181 model of 3 m C-beam with 300


element size

38

6.1

Cantilever beam with L=3 m and Zg=+0.05 m

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6.2

Cantilever beam with L=3 m and Zg=0 m

47

6.3

Cantilever beam with L=3 m and Zg=0.05 m

47

6.4

Cantilever beam with L=6 m and Zg=+0.05 m

48

6.5

Cantilever beam with L=6 m and Zg=0 m

49

6.6

Cantilever beam with L=6 m and Zg=0.05 m

49

6.7

Cantilever beam with L=10 m and Zg=+0.05 m

50


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6.8

Cantilever beam with L=10 m and Zg=0 m

51

6.9

Cantilever beam with L=10 m and Zg=0.05 m

51

6.10

Fixed supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=+0.05 m

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6.11

Fixed supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=0 m

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6.12

Fixed supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=0.05 m

53

6.13

Fixed supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=+0.05 m

54

6.14

Fixed supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=0 m

54

6.15

Fixed supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=0.05 m

55

6.16

Fixed supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=+0.05 m

55

6.17

Fixed supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=0 m

56

6.18

Fixed supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=0.05 m

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6.19

Pin supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=+0.05 m

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6.20

Pin supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=0 m

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6.21

Pin supported beam with L=3 m and Zg=0.05 m

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6.22

Pin supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=+0.05 m

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6.23

Pin supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=0 m

60

6.24

Pin supported beam with L=6 m and Zg=0.05 m

60

6.25

Pin supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=+0.05 m

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6.26

Pin supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=0 m

62

6.27

Pin supported beam with L=10 m and Zg=0.05 m

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7.1

Cantilever beam with Zg=+0.05 m

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7.2

Cantilever beam with Zg=0 m

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7.3

Cantilever beam with Zg=0.05 m

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7.4

Fixed supported beam Zg=+0.05 m

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7.5

Fixed supported beam Zg=0 m

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7.6

Fixed supported beam Zg=0.05 m

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7.7

Pin supported beam Zg=+0.05 m

68

7.8

Pin supported beam Zg=0 m

69

7.9

Pin supported beam Zg=0.05 m

69


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