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Análisis de sensibilidad de una linea de transmisión multiconductor.

Análisis de sensibilidad de una linea de transmisión multiconductor.

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REFERENCES

Rep. PIBMRI-

[ I ] L. V. Ahlfors, Complex analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill,

1966.

[ 31 T. S. Huang, Stability of two-dimensional recursive filters,

ZEEE Trans. Audio Electroamat., vol. AU-20, pp. 158-163,

1972.

[ 4 ] Ph. Delsarte, Y. Genin,and Y. Kamp, An equivalence between

bounded multivariable functions anda class of bounded singlevariable functions,ZnZ. J. ConZrol, vol. 34, pp. 383-389, 1981.

height H,of the conductor above the earth, frequency f, but not the

length 1. Here VO and IO are assumed constant and known. The sensitivity of any eigenvector with respect to x is

C. S. INDULKAR, PARMOD KUMAR,

AND

D. P. KOTHARI

multiconductor line is d e s c r i i , and the sensitivities of the receivingend voltage and power with respect to the various line parameters

have been evatuated.

by

1. PARAMETER

SENSITIVITY

MODEL

The multiconductortransmission line equations are [ 11

- Zo Sinh ($Z)tZo

I1 = Cosh ($Z)tIo - Sinh ($2),YOVo

Vl= Cosh ( $ 2 ) Vo

(1)

(2)

Vo and Io are column vectorsrepresenting the sendingend voltages

and currents, respectively. l represents the line length. If Z and Y are

the series-impedance and shunt admittance matrices of the multiconductor line, then the propagation matrix ($I) can be evaluated from the

eigenvalues and eigenvectors of ZY as follows:

QZ = E

, Yn = Q , K ~ Q - I

(3)

The characteristic impedance matrix (ZO) is evaluated from the propagation matrix as follow:

z o = $-z.

(4)

The sensitivity matrix az/ax of the series impedance with respect to

a generic parameter x is composed of the partialaxderivatives of the individual elements of Z matrix with respect to x. The sensitivity matrix

aY/ax is obtained from the sensitivity matrix aPc/ax of the potential

coefficient matrix PCas follows:

avll

av21

aVNl

(1 1)

sensitivity with respect to a parameter x is given by

where

ax

ax

ax

asinh ($Z);

yo*6

Io -

The sensitivity matrix of cosh ($Z)?

tuting h* instead of A in it.

a cosh ($Z)t as

ax

= -Cosh (h1121) S- + S

a Cosh (kI2z)

ax

S-

as-

+ S cosh (h1I2Z)-

ax

(14)

e;.

Once aZ/ax and a Y/ax are obtained, the sensitivity matrix of P, i.e.,

ZY is obtained from

where S =

The sensitivity matrix of sinh ( $ 2 ) ; is obtained from (14) by substituting sinh ( $ 2 ) in place of cosh ( $ 2 ) and h* for A. Further,

powers at thereceiving end are

This sensitivity matrix is used to determine the sensitivity of the eigenValues hk Of P as follows [ 21 :

where qk and S k are the eigenvectors, respectively, of P and Pt, associatedwith the eigenvalue hk,andthe

asteriskindicates the scalar

product of two vectors.

11. SENSITIVITY

OF RECEIVING-END QUANTITIES

respect to a parameter x of the system is obtained by differentiating

Manuscript received July 16, 1981.

The authors are withthe

Department of Electrical Engineering,

Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, 110016, India.

The required expressions for determining the normalised Sensitivity

of the receiving-end voltage and current with respect to the line length

are

=! ! !

az

_

a

-- Sinh ($~);$;IO

- Cosh ( $ 2 ) ? $ ?

az

0018-9219/82/0300-0299$00.75

0 1982 IEEE

YtVo.

(18)

(19)

300

TABLE I

SENSITIVITYVALUES FOR A TRANSMISSION

LINE

I

III.

of the theory, a220 KV horizontal line with sending-end active and reactive powers of 150 MW

and 50 W A R with line length 300 Km is considered. The spacing D ,

height H,radius R , and resistance R of the conductor are assumed to

be 6.096 m, 7.62 m, 1.27 cm and0.93 X lo4 O/m, respectively.

Table I summarises the results obtained at 60Hz.

The reactive power at the receiving end decreases due to increase of

spacing because of the increase of line reactance and decrease of the

shunt susceptance. However, the voltage magnitude and therefore the

regulation increases with increase of spacing. The height of the conductor and its radius influence the reactive power only. Summarising,

both receiving-end voltage and power are most sensitive to length and

frequency and least to height. Of all the quantities, the reactive power is

affected the most with the change in the values of the parameters.

REFERENCES

[ 1] L. M. Wedepohl, "Application of matrix methods to the solution

of traveling-wave phenomena in polyphase systems," Proc. Inst.

Elec. Eng.,vol. 110, pp. 2200-2220, Dec. 1963.

( 2 1 S. Cristina and M. D.'Amore, "Propagation on polyphase lossy

power lines-A new parameter sensitivity model," IEEE Trans.

Power App. Syst., vol. PAS-98, pp. 33-44, Jan./Feb. 1979.

where h 1 , kl , h 2 , . . are scalar quotients. The minimal realization thus

obtained is then used to derive the reduced-order models. The relation

connecting the state variables of the original system with those of the

model is also developed, which makes it possible the use of such models

for deriving suboptimal control policies [6].

Consider a linear time-invariant system represented by

following table:

MODIFIEDROUTHTABLE

R.PARTHASARATHY

AND

SARASU JOHN

.. .. .. ..

models in statespaceformulation, using m o d i f d Cauer continued

fraction as the basis.

The proposedprocedure is amenable to programming on a digital

computer.

I. h R O D U C T l O Y

In the past decade, the problem of deriving reduced order models

for high-order plants has received considerable attention of research

workers [6]. In [ 11, Shieh and Goldmanpresented a procedure for

obtaininga minimal realizationemploying the first,second, and the

mixed Cauer forms. In this letter, we employinstead the following

modified Cauer form [ 21 :

Thedenominatorandnumerator

coefficients of (1) form the fust

two rows. The successive rows are evaluated using the relations [ 31 :

aj+l,k=aj,k+l -hjbi,k+l

and

1

g(s) =

hl

where

+'

1

kl

and

k . = bj,n+l - j

,

a j + l , n + l -i

R. Parthasarathy is with the Department of Electrical Engineering,

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India.

S. John is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Karnataka

Regional Engineering College, Sreenivasa Nagar, Mangalore, India.

j=1,2:..,n.

given in Fig. 1. From the figure arealization for (1) can be directly

written as

Lj=Hv+Lu y = D p u

(3)

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