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PRACTICE QUESTIONS

FLUIDS IN MOTION
AIEEE

1.

An incompressible liquid travels as shown in


figure. The speed of the fluid in the lower
branch will be
(A) 1 ms1
(B) 1.5 ms1
1
(C) 2.25 ms
(D) 3 ms1

2.

A into the tank per unit time is cylindrical tank has a hole of 1 cm at its bottom. Water is flowing into
the tank from a water reservoir above it. The maximum height upto which water can rise in the tank is
2.5 cm. The volume of water flowing
(A) 20 cm3 s1
(B) 40 cm3 s1
(C) 70 cm3 s1
(D) 90 cm3 s1

3.

Two capillary tubes of same radius r but of lengths l 1 and l 2 are fitted in parallel to the bottom of a
vessel. The length of a single tube that can replace the two tubes is
1
1

(A) l 1 l 2
(B) l 1 l 2
(C)
l1 l 2

(D)

l1l 2
l1 l 2

4.

A tank containing a liquid is emptied through an orifice in 9.8 second when placed on the ground. If
this tank is placed at a height of 9.8 metre above the ground, it would be emptied in
1
(A) 9.8 s
(B) 1 s
(C) 9.8 x 9.8 s
(D) 9.8 s
2

5.

Water contained in a tank flows through an orifice of radius 1 cm, under a constant pressure
difference of 10 cm of water column. The rate of flow of water through the orifice is
(A) 4 cm3 s1
(B) 40 cm3 s1
(C) 440 cm3 s1
(D) 4400 cm3 s1

6.

Figure shows two holes in a wide tank containing a


liquid common. The water streams coming out of these
holes strike the ground at the same point. The height of
liquid column in the tank is
(A) 10 cm
(B) 8 cm
(C) 9.8 cm
(D)9 80 cm

7.

A Deoprayag in Garhwal (U.P.), river Alaknanda mixes with the river Bhagirathi and becomes river
Ganga. Assume that Alaknanda, Bhagirathi and Ganga have widths 12 m, 8 m and 16 m respectively.
Again, assume that the average speeds of water in Alaknanda and Bhagirathi are 20 km h 1 and 16
km h1 respectively. Then, the average speed of water in the river Ganga is [ same in each case)
(A) 21 km h1
(B) 23 km h1
(C) 25 km h1
(D) 27 km h1

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r
r
and respectively.
2
3
Then if stream line flow is to be maintained and the pressure across the first capillary is P, then
(A) the pressure difference across the ends of the second capillary is 8 P
(B) the pressure difference across the third capillary is 43 P
(C) the pressure difference across the ends of the second capillary is 16P
(D) the pressure difference across the third capillary is 59 P.

8.

Three capillaries of lengths L, and are connected in series. Their radii are r,

9.

A marble of mass x and diameter 2r is gently released in a tall cylinder containing honey. If the marble
displaces massy y(< x) of the liquid, then the terminal velocity is proportional to
xy
xy
(A) x + y
(B) x y
(C)
(D)
r
r

10.

A small steel ball of mass m and radius r is falling under gravity through a viscous liquid of coefficient
of viscosity . If g is the value of acceleration due to gravity, then the terminal velocity of the ball is
proportional to
mgr
mg
mg
(A)
(B) mgr
(C)
(D)

r
r

11.

In a test experiment on a model aeroplane in a wind tunnel, the flow speed on the upper and lower
surfaces of the wing are v1 and v2 respectively. If be the density of air, then the upward lift is (Given :
A = cross-sectional area of the wing)
1
1
(A) A(v12 v 22 )
(B) A(v 22 v12 )
(C) Av1 Av2
(D) v1 v2
2
2

12.

The gauge pressure of water in a tank is 2.88 x 10 5 pascal. If the density of water is 10 3 kg m3, then
the velocity of efflux from the orifice in the tank, in ms1, is
(A) 12
(B) 144
(C) 28.8
(D) 24

13.

A cylindrical tank stands on a frictionless surface. The seal over a circular hole of radius 0.5 cm in the
wall of the tank ruptures when the level of water above the hole is 1 metre. The force that a person
must apply on the cylinder to keep it from being set in motion is
(A) 1.54 x 103 N forward
(B) 1.54 x 103 N backward
(C) 1.54 N forward
(D) 1.54 N backward

14.

A liquid of density 1200 kg m is flowing steadily in a tube of varying cross-section. The cross-section
at a point A is 1 cm and that at B is 20 mm 2. The points A and B are in the same horizontal plane. The
velocity of liquid at A is 10 cm s1. The velocity of liquid at B is
(A) 5 cm s1
(B) 10 cm s1
(C) 25 cm s1
(D) 50 cm s1

15.

A small spherical solid ball is dropped from a great height in a viscous liquid. Its journey in the liquid is
best described, in the diagram given below, by
(A) curve A
(B) curve B
(C) curve C
(D) curve D

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16.

A cylinder containing water up to a height of 24 cm has a hole


in its bottom. It is counterpoised in a balance. When water
begins to flow out, the initial decrease in balancing weight is
required to be 12 gf to keep the balance beam horizontal. The
cross-sectional area of the hole is
(A) 0.12 cm2
(B) 0.25 cm2
2
(C) 0.50 cm
(D) 0.75 cm2

17.

Some of sand are sprinkled onto the surface of water in a beaker filled to the depth of units. The least
1
time for which the grains of diameter 2 units remain in suspension in water is (Given
units,
4.5
1
density of sand = 2 units, density of water = 1 unit and g =
units.)
2
1
1
1
(A) 1 s
(B) s
(C) s
(D) s
8
2
4

18.

A liquid is kept in a cylindrical vessel which is rotated along its axis. The liquid rises at the sides. If the
radius of the vessel is r metre and the frequency of rotation is 2 revolutions per second, then the
difference in the heights of the liquid at the centre of the vessel and at its sides is
8 2 r 2
8 r 2
r2
r2
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
g
g
g
g

19.

Two capillary tubes A and B are connected in parallel. A liquid flows through these tubes under the
same pres sure head. Both the tubes have the same length. The radii of A and B are r and
respectively. If the rate of flow of liquid through A is 8 cm s then the rate of flow through the
combination is
(A) 8 cm3 s1
(B) 8.5 cm3 s1
(C) 9 cm3 s1
(D) 16 cm3 s1

20.

A spherical ball falls through a viscous medium with terminal velocity v. If this ball were replaced by
another ball of the same mass but half the radius, then the terminal velocity will be [h is the effect of
buoyancy.]
(A) v
(B) 2v
(C) 4v
(D) 8v

21.

There is a hole of area cm in the bottom of a cylindrical vessel containing fluid up to height h. The
liquid flows out in time t. lithe liquid were filled in the vessel up to height 4h, then it would flow out in
time
(A) t
(B) 2t
(C) 4t
(D) t/2

22.

Three capillaries of internal radii 2r, 3r and 4r, all of the same length, are joined end to end. A liquid
passes through the combination and the pressure difference across this co is 20.2 cm of mercury. The
pres sure difference across the capillary of internal radius 2r is
(A) 2 cm of Hg
(B) 4 cm of Hg
(C) 8 cm of Hg
(D) 16 cm of Hg

ANSWERS
1.
A
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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

C
D
A
C
A
B
A
D
D
A
D
C
D
C
B
A
A
A
B
B
D

SOLUTIONS
1.

0.18v + 0.12 x 1.5 = 0.12 x 3


0.18v 0.12 1.5
or
0.12 1.5
v
ms1
or
0.18
= 1 ms1.

2.

volume = av = a 2gh
= 1 2 980 25 cm3 s 1
= 70 cm3 s1.

3.

pr 4 pr 4 pr 4

8 L 8 l 1 8 l 2
or

1 1
1

L l1 l 2

or

1 l 2 l1

L
l1l 2

or

l1l 2
l1 l 2

4.

Time to empty the tank does not depend upon the height of the bottom of tank above the ground.

5.

Rate flow = av = r2v


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22
1 1 2 980 10 cm3 s 1
7
= 440 cm3 s1.

6.

4(H 4) = 6(H 6)
or
2H = 36 16 = 20
or
H = 10 cm

7.

12d x 20 + 8d x 16 = 16d x v
240 128 368
v

km h1
or
16
16
= 23 km h1.

8.

9.

r4
p1r
16

L
L/2
or
P2 = P x 8
4

p2

2 r 2 ( ')g
9

4
x r 3
now,
3
x
3
or
r
v0

similarly,
v0

10.

11.

12.

y
r3

xy
r

Since the steel ball is given to be small therefore upthrust may be neglected.
6rv 0 mg
Now,
mg
v0
or
.
r
1 2
1
v1 p2 v 22
2
2
1
p2 p1 (v12 v 22 )
or
2
1
upward lift = A(v12 v 22 )
2
p1

v 2gh

2hg

2p

2 2.88 105
ms 1
1000

2 288 ms 1
= 24 ms1.

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13.

F = av2
22
=
x 0.5 x 0.5 x 2 x 980 x 100 x 1 dyne
7
= 154 x 105 dyne
= 1.54 N

14.

20 x 102 x v = 10 x 1
1
v
cm s1
or
2 10 2
= 50 cm s1.

15.

The ball acquires velocity due to gravity. In the viscous medium, this velocity goes on decreasing till it
becomes constant.
Curve D is ruled out because it shows linear relationship between velocity and time in the beginning.

16.

Volume = av,
mass = av
momentum = av2
upward reaction force = av2
initial decrease in balancing weight = av2
(Q v 2gh )
= 2a gh
now,
or

17.

v0

12g = 2 x a x 1 x g x 24
12
1
a
cm2
2 24 4
= 0.25 cm2
2 r 2 ( ')g
9

s 2 r 2 ( ')g

t 9

t
9

or
s 2r 2 ( ')g
or
or

18.

2r ( ')g
1 1
t 9

4.5 2

p1 p2
or
or

9 s
2

1
1
2 1 1(2 1)
2

s 1s

1 2
v
2

1
(r)2
2
4 2 v 2r 2
h
2g
hg

4 2 4 r 2
2g

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19.

8 2r 2
g

VA = 8 cm3 s1
r
p
2
VB
8l

1 x 8 = 0.5 cm3 s1
16

V = VA + VB = 8 + 0.5 = 8.5 cm3 s1


20.

4 3
r
3
Keeping m constant, if r is halved, p will increased by a factor of 8.
v0 r3
Now,
m

r2
(8 )
4
v '0 2r 3
v '0

or

v '0
2
v0

dividing,
or
or

v '0 2v 0
v '0 2v

[Q v 0 v]

21.

Let A and a be the cross-sectional areas of the vessel and hole respectively.
Let h be the height of water in the vessel at time.
dh
Let represent the rate of fall of level.
dt
dh
Then, A av a 2gh .
dt

22.

pr 4
.
8l

In the given problem, pr4 = constant

p1 x 16 = p2 x 81 = p3 x 256
p1 81 p2 256

p2 16 p3
81
or

or
or

p1 81 16

p2 16 16
p1 : p2 : p3 : : 81 x 16 : 256 : 81
p1 : p2 : p3 : : 16 : 3.2 : 81
16
p1
x 20.2 cm of Hg
16 3.2 1
= 16 cm of Hg

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