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Appalachian Geological Society

P.O. Box 2605

Charleston, WV 25329

www. appgeosociety. org

AGS May 13th and 14th, 2014

"Reading the Rocks"
Log Analysis School Announcement
Hosted by - AGS and West Virginia University, Department of Geography and

Instructor - Dr. Timothy Carr, Marshall Miller Energy Professor

West Virginia University


DAY 1 - Fundamentals of Well Log Analysis

Tuesday, May 13
9:00 am to 4:00 pm
DAY 2 - Analysis of Unconventional Reservoirs
Wednesday, May 14th
9:00 am to 5:00 pm


WVU Downtown Campus, Morgantown, WV

Brooks Hall, Room 415 (Computer Lab)
98 Beechurst Avenue


Recommended parking is Lot 7 on Beechurst, just down the hill from

Brooks Hall. It is recommended that you park in Lot 7 and cross the
walking bridge at Stansbury Hall (Campus Map, page 5).


$300.00 per person

Cost includes two-day parking pass, in-house lunches and breaks.
Online registration is available and encouraged at using PayPal.

Class size is limited to 24 people. AGS members will be given priority registration
for one week, followed by open registration.
Class Materials are the responsibility of the participants. References are
provided in the course abstract on page 2. The detailed course outline is on pages
3 and 4. Classroom computers will be used.

Reading the Rocks Log Analysis School

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Log Analysis: Reading the Rocks

Course Objectives: Basic questions in the petroleum geology require knowledge of
the sub-surface rock and reservoir properties, and the spatial distribution of
stratigraphic units and facies. The theory and practice behind a range of methods will
be presented and through exercises that provide hands on experience to address realworld challenges of understanding the subsurface.
Good books for basic information:
Geological Log Interpretation
John Doveton; ISBN 1-56576-109-X
SEPM Short Course Notes Number 29
CD $56, SEPM Student Member (Subtract $28.00), SEPM Member (Subtract $16.00)
Basic Well Log Analysis, Second Edition
George Asquith and Daniel Krygowski
AAPG Methods in Exploration No. 16
Product Code 707; List Price: $59
AAPG Member Price: $39
Log Interpretation Principles/Applications
1991, Schlumberger
Available online at
Introduction to Wireline Log Analysis
The Baker Atlas Introduction to Wireline Log Analysis is available to all users of
BakerHughesDirect. Copyright 2002 Baker Hughes Inc.

The detailed course outline is on the following page.

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Topics & Hands-on Exercises



Introduction; The first wireline log - Fast forward to modern logs; Structure
of Well-Log data; LAS Format; Acronyms, Graphical Conventions; The
wellbore environment; Resolution vs. Depth of Investigation.
Exercise 1 Opening a well log and loading a digital log to a

10-10:30 Break
10:30-12 Introduction to common logs; spontaneous potential (SP), gamma-ray,
spectral gamma-ray, neutron, density & photoelectric log; resolution versus
depth of investigation- a trade-off.
Exercise 2 Geothermal Gradient, Formation Temperature, SP
Determined Rmf, Rw and Salinity
Exercise 3 Vsh and Using Spectral Gamma Ray to Determine Clay
Type and Redox Conditions


1-2:30pm Porosity, Pattern recognition of lithofacies, Log overlays and Crossplots.

Exercise 4 Estimate true porosity and determine lithology from
Exercise 5 Quick-Look Pattern Recognition: Everything at a Glance
(The OZ Machine)



Geometry logs; borehole orientation, breakouts and washouts, borehole

imaging of structural and stratigraphic features, from caliper to dipmeter,
from borehole images to global tectonics.
Introduction to numerical methods for mineral estimation from well logs
Exercise 6 Rock Composition: What is Going on?

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Resistivity Logs, Review of physics and equations, the basis of the

Archie Equation, M, N, and the other players.
Exercise 8 Introduction to determination of fluid content.




Basic log analysis techniques for fluid determination; The Archie

Equation; Look at the logs: a reconnaissance technique, where do you
get the numbers and how do you estimate the missing parameters; Bulk
Volume Water Saturation; Crossplots- The Pickett Plot; Estimation of
total and effective porosity from combinations of logs
Exercise 9 Estimating and cross-checking parameters.


Lunch and Discussion


Shaly-Sand Analysis, Coal-bed Methane, Determination of Saturation

in Shale - A new frontier, evaluation of sorbed gas reservoir systems
(natural gas from coal beds and organic shale)
Exercise 10 Quick Look, Shaly-Sand and Coalbed Analysis Where is the Reservoir.

2:30-2:45pm Break

Estimation of total and effective porosity and gas content from

combinations of logs, estimating physical properties one key to
productivity. Integration of logs and core data, neural network training
to expand rock basis.
Exercise 11 Passey Method and other methods of estimating
organic content. Determination of Physical Parameters.


Open Discussion & Evaluation

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