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Oxford Bibliographies Online - Roman Philosophy


In the ancient world, the term “philosophy” meant primarily “Greek philosophy.” Philosophy was invented and
developed in ancient Greece (including Athens, Ionia, and Sicily and Southern Italy), and arrived at Rome
relatively late, where it met some initial resistance. The story of Roman philosophy is of the gradual adoption
and adaptation of Greek philosophical doctrines by Roman authors. The following bibliography focuses on
Roman philosophy from the 1st century bce to the end of the 2nd century ce, the formative period before the
Latin tradition became infused with Christianity. The designation “Roman philosophy” does not include Greek
philosophy in the Roman era, not even those philosophers such as Panaetius and Posidonius who came in
relatively close contact with Roman culture. From this vantage point, it is a bit of a stretch to include Epictetus;
but his teacher, Musonius Rufus, belongs with the Roman tradition, and Epictetus’s work is essential for a correct
understanding of Marcus Aurelius. Not all of the authors wrote or taught in Latin. Most of the Roman Stoics, in
fact, and including the emperor Marcus Aurelius, wrote or taught in Greek. Editions and translations have not
been included in the bibliographies for texts that are widely available and easily accessible. The exceptions have
been noted.

Morford 2002 gives the most compact general introduction (see also Maurach 2006). The two Philosophia

Togata volumes (Griffin and Barnes 1989–1997) contain seminal articles that have redefined research in AngloAmerican circles. Colish 1990 looks specifically at the tradition of Stoicism, Gersh 1986 at Platonism, and both
go beyond the time period of this bibliography. Gill 2006 and Long 2006 (a collection of previously published
essays by the author) illuminate the continuity between the Hellenistic and the Roman period. Grimal 1992 is a
foundational collection of essays on the creation of a philosophical vocabulary in the Latin tradition. Sorabji and
Sharples (see Republic) contains the papers of a conference on both Greek and Roman philosophy in this period.
Colish, M. 1990. The Stoic tradition from Antiquity to the early Middle Ages . Vol. 1, Stoicism in

classical Latin literature . Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
This first volume of a two-volume work contains assessments of the presence of Stoicism in Cicero, the
satirists (Horace, Persius, and Juvenal), the epic poets (Virgil, Lucan, Statius, and Silius Italicus), historians,
Manilius, scholiasts, grammarians, the rhetorical tradition, Aulus Gellius, and Roman law.

Gersh, S. 1986. Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin tradition . 2 vols. Notre Dame, IN:
Univ. of Notre Dame Press.

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Oxford Bibliographies Online - Roman Philosophy

The first volume assesses the Platonism in Cicero and Seneca’s works, as well as the so-called Middle
Platonist authors Aulus Gellius and Apuleius.

Gill, C. 2006. The structured self in Hellenistic and Roman thought . Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
[DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.001.0001]
A study of the notion of “self” in Epicureanism and Stoicism, positing psychophysical holism and
naturalism, combined with key “Socratic” tenets, against the background of Plato and the Platonist
tradition. Its final chapter deals also with Virgil’s Aeneid , Senecan tragedy, and Plutarch’s Lives.

Griffin, M., and J. Barnes, eds. 1989–1997. Philosophia togata 2 vols. New York: Oxford Univ.
The first volume (1989) contains papers on Posidonius, Antiochus of Ascalon, Cicero, and the issue of
philosophical allegiance, as well as more historical and literary contributions. The second volume (1997)
contains papers on Andronicus of Rhodes as alleged editor of Aristotle’s works, Cicero, the anonymous
commentary on Plato’s Theaetetus, Varro, Plutarch, Favorinus, Porphyry, and Celsus.

Grimal, P., ed. 1992. La langue latine, langue de la philosophie . Rome: École Française de Rome.
This collection of essays presents foundational work on how Latin was construed to express and transmit
philosophical notions, also in literature and works of rhetoric.

Long, A. A. 2006. From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman philosophy .
Oxford: Clarendon.
[DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.001.0001]
This collection contains papers on Lucretius, Cicero, Seneca, and Epictetus. For the latter, see also Long
2002 (cited under Epictetus).

Maurach, G. 2006. Geschichte der römischen Philosophie . 3d ed. Darmstadt, Germany:
Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
This general introduction also covers the period before the 1st century ce, and includes Horace, Augustine,
and Boethius.

Morford, M. 2002. The Roman philosophers from the time of Cato the Censor to the death of

Marcus Aurelius . London and New York: Routledge.
Provides a good starting point for the study of Roman philosophy.


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rhetoric. Berkeley: Univ. Greek and Roman. The last century of the Roman Republic marked the first serious engagement of the Romans with Greek philosophy. W. System. The same applies to the tradition of Platonism with the multivolume work Der Platonismus in der Antike (Baltes and Dörrie 1987–2008. M. with articles on specific topics as well as bibliographies. S. Italy: G. its articles still give an excellent overview. This systematic and thematic approach to the Platonist tradition allows for a comparison between different authors. The article provides a sociocultural analysis of the encounter between Rome and Greek philosophy.Oxford Bibliographies Online . and the bibliographies are a useful starting point.4. 1996.B. Press. This work provides a selection of relevant texts with a detailed commentary. E. Gruen. Sorabji and Sharples 2007 gives up-to-date research perspectives. In Studies in Greek culture and Roman policy . C. eds. of California Press. Historica Politica Philosophica. on any given issue.: Raccolta di testi con introduzione e commento . Early Roman Encounters with Philosophy The Romans first came into contact with Greek philosophy in the 4th to 2nd centuries bce. 1973. E. eds. and R.avoserv. Stuttgart: Fromann-Holzboog.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Der Platonismus in der Antike: Grundlagen. Sharples... 3 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . and H. Temporini. Gruen 1996 traces the changing attitudes of Romans toward Greek philosophy. Greek and Roman philosophy 100 BC–200 AD . By E. Baltes. Morford 2002 provides a concise and selective overview of early Roman contact with philosophy. 1985. Dörrie. Entwicklung . Sorabji. 158–192. Intellectual life in the late Roman Republic . 2007. the second volume material on Cicero.library. Philosophie und Temporini 1973 is a research instrument. 1973. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. London: Institute of Classical Studies. This topic is traced in the following works. and provides excellent bibliographies. H. Gruen. Künste . Garbarino. This work provides an introduction to the sociocultural context of Roman philosophy in the 1st century bce. Rawson 1985 provides the broader intellectual background of this period. Paravia. Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt 1.Roman Philosophy http://www. Turin.. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. G. S. 2 vols. Garbarino 1973 provides a detailed overview of the first encounters with Greek philosophy and an excellent selection of the relevant ancient texts. and Roman anxieties. 1987–. Philosophy.. Roma e la filosofia greca dalle origini alla fine del II secolo A.fordham. The first volume has a chapter on Lucretius. R. Though the volume is dated now.

1997.. H. UK: Cambridge Univ. 4 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 381–490. Lukrez. 2007. P.4. Press. This is a collection of seminal articles of the last sixty to seventy years.fordham.. M. R. Edited by H. Algra. Hardie. 1997 and Sedley 1998 dwell on the connections between Lucretius and Epicurus. Algra. K. 2002. Switzerland: Schwabe. Fama deum: Lucrèce et les raisons du mythe . with up-to-date bibliography. et al. Gale. Up-to-date overviews of aspects of Lucretius’s work and bibliography are available in Hardie and Gillespie 2007 as well as Gale 2007. Lucretius and his intellectual background . and his own use of myth.. Halbbd. Analyzes Lucretius’s critique of traditional mythology as the vehicle for misguided views of the divine and his reappropriation of this discourse. Erler. Press. Basel. A. 1994. London and New York: Routledge. 2007. Myth and poetry in Lucretius . Oxford readings in Lucretius .. et al. 1998. eds. Amsterdam and New York: North Holland. his assessment. Lucretius Erler 1994 provides a detailed and systematic analysis. Paris: Vrin. In Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie [1].. 4: Die hellenistische Philosophie. The Roman philosophers from the time of Cato the Censor to the death of Marcus Aurelius . 1 .1 Die Philosophie der Antike. and S. R.oxfordbibliographiesonline..Roman Philosophy http://www. A. Presents a succinct overview of the early period embedded in a general introduction to Roman philosophy (pp. Gillespie. and other aspects of his intellectual background. Press. The Cambridge companion to Lucretius . Presents a systematic overview of the main philosophical aspects of Lucretius’s work. Koenen. Gale. Gigandet. Flashar. whereas the other nine focus on the background of specific passages or motifs. UK: Cambridge Univ. Schrijvers. M. Morford. three of which have been translated into English for the first time (among which is also the essay on analogy included in the collection Schrijvers 1999). Cambridge.Oxford Bibliographies Online . provides thematic treatments. M. Cambridge. and P. Oxford and New York: Oxford Univ. The first nine papers in this volume systematically explore the connections between Lucretius and specific other authors and schools. eds. M. This monograph focuses specifically on Lucretius’s poetics. Schrijvers 1999. a collection of previously published essays by the author. Gigandet 1998 and Gale 1994 treat Lucretius’s poetics and his use of myth. 14–33). H.avoserv. 1994. Standard handbook introduction.

Notre Dame. Stoicism in classical Latin literature . Fortenbaugh.fordham. Powell 1995 is a pivotal collection of essays that have set the tone for recent renewed research into the philosophical aspects of Cicero’s oeuvre. H. In Cicero . including the themes of sleep. of Notre Dame Press. Gersh.. Schrijvers. et al. and sensory illusions. Gawlick. 1989. A. 2 vols. 991–1168. The Netherlands: Brill. Cambridge. Edited by T. Sedley. Basel. 53–154) focuses on the Platonist strand in Cicero’s writings.1017/CBO9780511482380] Defends the thesis that Epicurus’s On Nature is the primary source of Lucretius. and Görler.library. IN: Univ. and New York: Cambridge Univ. 1999. A. 1. and Fortenbaugh and Steinmetz 1989. Gawlick and Görler 1994 presents a systematic UK. as well as Lucretius’s use of analogy. Colish 1990. respectively. Colish. G.Oxford Bibliographies Online .4. Switzerland: Schwabe. A systematic overview of the key aspects of Cicero’s philosophical writings. This treatment (in Volume 1. W.avoserv. M. The Stoic tradition from Antiquity to the early Middle Ages . Vol. and Douglas 1964 provide introductions. Paul.. 1964. to the exclusion of other possible influences. Cicero the philosopher. Philippson 1939. McKendrik 1989. which the latter follows as a “fundamentalist” follower of Epicurus.. 1986. treat the Stoic.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Edited by H. Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin tradition . 2 . Platonist. S. Cicero. In Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie [1]. 135–170. Leiden. 1994. [DOI: 10. and Peripatetic strands in Cicero’s philosophical works. This treatment focuses on the strand of Stoicism in Cicero’s works (pp. This is a collection of previously published essays that focuses on theories of human development and applied psychology. Flashar. Douglas.Roman Philosophy http://www. NJ: Transaction. pp. W. Steinmetz. W. D. and P.. 5 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . The Netherlands: Brill. Dorey. New Brunswick. Cicero The following entries focus on the philosophical works.2 Die Philosophie der Antike. 1998. London: Routledge & K.. Halbbd. Gersh 1986. 61–158). 4: Die hellenistische Philosophie. E. This treatment focuses on the Peripatetic strand in Cicero’s works. Cicero’s knowledge of the Peripatos . P. 1990. Lucretius and the transformation of Greek wisdom . A succinct and very helpful overview. Press. Lucrèce et les sciences de la vie . dreams. See also the other works listed under General Overviews.

Stuttgart: Druckenmüller. F. Detailed introduction with outlines of individual works. 6 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 70–101. Plato in Cicero. 1988. De Graff 1940 focuses on the presence of Plato in Cicero’s work. M. and specific works and themes. and Wilhelm Kroll. NJ: Princeton Univ. Philippson. Joy. Edited by August Friedrich von Pauly Georg J. Oxford: Clarendon. Cicero’s philosophical affiliations. Tributum bis M. Powell. The philosophical books of Cicero . This work places Cicero’s views on rhetoric and performative ethics in a broader framework of political thought. McKendrick. Glucker 1988 and Lévy 1992 deal with how Cicero represented his own affiliation with the Academy. de Graff. Graver 2007 includes Cicero’s handling of the Stoic theory of emotions. Edited by J. The state of speech: Rhetoric and political thought in ancient Rome .com.library. Overview of the philosophical works. In Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 2. [DOI: 10. 2007. of California Press. 1104–1192. A. 1995. Princeton. with information on how a work fits into Cicero’s overall corpus and on his sources. Classical Philology 35:143–153.oxfordbibliographiesonline. J. This is a foundational collection of essays that provided fresh impetus for research in Anglo-American scholarship. 1940.1 = 13. Connolly. Schmidt 1979 examines how Cicero positions himself vis-à-vis the Greek tradition in the prefaces to his philosophical works. Specific Aspects and Themes Cicero’s philosophical works were wide-ranging and have been studied from a wide variety of perspectives. it contains analyses of the linguistic aspects. his Academic affiliation. Tullius Cicero: Die Philosophischen Schriften.Roman Philosophy http://www. 1989. Halbband. Poncelet 1957 treats Cicero’s rendering of Plato and Platonic notions in Latin.1086/362352] Provides a succinct overview of Cicero’s citations of Plato. both from Antiquity and subsequent periods. R.avoserv. Press. Glucker.fordham. Berkeley: Univ. London: Routledge.. Tullius Cicero. ed. T. Cicero the philosopher . P. including a contemporary perspective. This is a foundational paper on Cicero’s relation to the Academy. Dillon and A. Long.Oxford Bibliographies Online . G.7.. as well as a chapter on the reception history and an appendix on Cicero in America. Michel 1960 and Connolly 2007 analyze the connections between rhetoric and philosophy. 1939. Cicero’s rapport with the philosophical tradition. In The question of eclecticism .

P. I. 2007. An extensive analysis of the role of philosophy in Cicero’s entire oeuvre. 1960. of Chicago Press. Graver. Also contains extensive treatments of Cicero’s handling of the Stoic theory of emotions. C.fordham. Paris: De Boccard. Rhétorique et philosophie chez Cicéron: Essai sur les fondements philosophiques de l’art de persuader . 2002. UK: Cambridge Philological Society. A thorough assessment of Cicero’s Academic affiliation. Classical Journal 74:115–127. This is an in-depth analysis of Cicero’s treatment of the Stoic theory of emotions in his Tusculan 7 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . Cicero’s place in Roman philosophy: A study of his prefaces. Cicero Academicus: Recherches sur les Académiques et sur la philosophie cicéronienne . This is still a standard work on the linguistic aspects of Cicero’s rendering of Plato and his coinage of a philosophical language in Latin.. with a focus on the Academica as well as a detailed study of related strands of thought in Cicero’s other philosophical works. of Chicago Press.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Lévy 2002 is an article on Cicero’s translation of Plato’s Timaeus. Inwood and Mansfeld 1997 presents a collection of essays on the Academica. M. Cicéron. one of private virtue in the face of all contingencies.avoserv. Graver 2002 and Gildenhard 2007 focus on the Tusculan Disputations. Graver. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Cicero on the emotions: Tusculan disputations 3 and 4 . Schmidt. This paper provides a succinct overview of how Cicero positions himself as a Roman philosopher vis-à-vis the Greek philosophical tradition in the prefaces to his works.oxfordbibliographiesonline. R. Cambridge. 2007. Gildenhard. traducteur de Platon: L’expression de la pensée complexe en Latin classique .Roman Philosophy http://www. A. and Sharples 1991 presents a treatment of the De Fato. including tyranny. Chicago: Univ. Poncelet. 1957. Paideia romana: Cicero’s Tusculan disputations .com. Lévy. including his speeches.library. This work interprets the Tusculanae Disputationes as Cicero’s protest against the collapse of the Roman Republic by proposing a new pedagogy based on Greek philosophy. Michel. Stoicism and emotion . Chicago: Univ. Studies of Individual Works Some of Cicero’s philosophical works have attracted more scholarly attention than others.. M. L. Rome: Ecole Française de Rome. 1992.

Ann Arbor: Univ. Reprint forthcoming from Cambridge University Press. Dyck 1996 on De Officiis and Dyck 2004 on De Legibus are in-depth scholarly commentaries. A very thorough. Disputations. Zetzel 1995 presents both an edition of and a commentary on selections from De Re Publica. Pease. A pivotal collection of essays on the epistemological issues raised by Cicero’s Academica. 1996. with detailed notes also on the state of the text and philological remarks.fordham. This is still the standard commentary on the De Natura Deorum . 1997. Press.Oxford Bibliographies Online . This paper deals specifically with Cicero’s translation of the Timaeus. 1991. Foundational commentary in Latin. De legibus . Cicero and the Timaeus .. Cambridge. and up-to-date commentary. its place among his philosophical works. its main strength lies in its detailed 8 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . A. A. M.5–7. R. B. Cicero & The consolation of philosophy (Philosophiae consolatio): 4. of Michigan Press. and provides a comparison with Boethius’s treatment of the same topic. R. The Netherlands: Brill. Edited by G. MA: Harvard Univ.Roman Philosophy http://www. eds. J. Philosophia Antiqua 76. Madvig. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. A. Sharples. and Pease 1955 on the De Natura Deorum are still standard works. IN: Univ. Inwood. Notre Dame.avoserv. Dyck 2004 focuses on Book 1 of the De Natura Deorum and is a complement to Pease 1955. Ann Arbor: Univ. 2004. On fate (De fato). A very thorough. 2002. his own philosophical affiliations. and the history of the Academy. Reydams-Schils. 1876. 1955. Tulli Ciceronis De natura deorum . Dyck. of Notre Dame Press. S. of Michigan Press. 3d ed. Leiden. W. This commentary also provides a detailed introduction to the philosophical issues at stake in Cicero’s debate with the Stoics on fate. De officiis. Tullii Ciceronis De finibus bonorum et malorum libri quinque . Dyck.. Warminster. R. N.. detailed. Commentaries Madvig 1876 on the De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum . Reid 1885 on the Academica. Boethius . and up-to-date commentary. Lévy.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Assent and argument: Studies in Cicero’s Academic books . and J. A commentary on Cicero. 95–110. and the Stoic influence on his rendering of key terms. In Plato’s Timaeus as cultural icon . Powell 1988 on Cato Maior De Senectute and Wardle 2006 on Book 1 of De Divinatione are mid-length commentaries. UK: Aris & Phillips. C. A commentary on Cicero . Reprinted by Olms in 1963. detailed. M.

1983. Nereiden bis Numantia . 1995. and includes Cicero’s treatments of the same topic in his other works. Annales Latini Montium Arvernorum 15:23–32. F. Italy: Cella. 1936. The fragments of the works that are no longer extant are being collected by Salvadore 1999–. 200–212. D. Nigidio Figulo. Press. Cambridge. This is still the standard commentary on Academica. Cicero on divination: De divinatione. Varro The grammarian Varro was a very prolific writer. S. Kroll. The fragments and testimonia have been collected by Liuzzi 1983. G.avoserv. Le Pythagorisme à Rome à la fin de la République et au début de l’Empire. Nigidius Figulus (Pythagorean) The Roman Nigidius Figulus provides a window into 1st-century bce Pythagoreanism. Lecce. D.library. Situates Nigidius Figulus in the broader context of the Late Republic. Latin edition of and English commentary on Books 1. and 6. J. Kroll 1936. The introduction to this commentary also locates On Divination in the context of the practice in Republican Rome. Book 1 . Liuzzi. Petit 1988 and the Paulys Realencyclopädie ( RE) entry. 1988. Petit. In Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 1. Wardle. De re publica : Selections . 33. Reid. mid-length commentary. and Wilhelm Kroll.fordham. UK: Cambridge Univ.. Press. M. Halbband. 9 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . astrologo e mago: Testimonianze e frammenti . A.. Tulli Ciceronis Academica . references. 1885. J. Cardauns 1976 has collected the fragments of the Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum on religious practices. 2006. Lehmann 1997 provides insight into the religious and philosophical aspects of his Cicero: Cato maior de senectute . UK: Cambridge Univ.Roman Philosophy http://www. This is a collection of the fragments and testimonies. provide in-depth analysis. Provides a good overview of the basic issues. Oxford: Clarendon. London: Edited by August Friedrich von Pauly Georg Wissowa. Stuttgart: Druckenmüller. 1988. J.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Cambridge.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Standard. Zetzel. 2. Cicero. W. Nigidius Figulus. Powell.

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Notre Dame. Germany. the second volume provides a detailed commentary. Donini 1982. Cardauns. 1986. 10 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 1999–. 1976. and Sorabji and Sharples 2007 provide an overview of the different philosophical schools in this period.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Gersh 1986 focuses on the Platonist strand. l’anima. Le scuole. B.library. Gersh. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. Germany: Steiner. Lehmann. B. 2 vols. and Trapp 2007 gives a more systematic overview of key themes. Provides insight into Varro’s views of religion (which also influenced Augustine). M. Cardauns 2001 provides a general introduction. with articles on specific topics as well as bibliographies. Cardauns.fordham. 2 vols. and philosophers. Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin tradition . Terentius Varro. This treatment (in Volume 1. Rawson. Donini. Germany: Winter.oxfordbibliographiesonline. of Notre Dame Press. Salvadore. with extensive quotations of text. Foucault 1988 and Foucault 2001 have brought this period to the attention of a broader audience of scholars. This is an ongoing project of the publication of the fragments. Intellectual life in the late Roman Republic . IN: Univ. Still contains many useful articles that also provide overviews and bibliographies. Turin. and New York: Olms. social historians. Heidelberg. and attention to the reception history. 1987–1994. Rawson 1985 locates Varro in his intellectual context. 809–840) focuses on the Platonist strand in Varro’s writings.1–7. M... E. Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum . Wiesbaden. 1982..Roman Philosophy http://www. A succinct The first volume is a collection of the fragments. 2001. Y. IMPERIAL ERA The Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt ( ANRW) volumes are excellent research instruments. P.avoserv. Marcus Terentius Varro: Einführung in sein Werk . Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II. Fragmenta omnia quae extant . Hildesheim. Varro is a key figure throughout this exposition.36. l’impero: La filosofia antica da Antioco a Plotino . 1997. Brussels: Latomus. 1985. Press. Varron théologien et philosophe romain .

oxfordbibliographiesonline. Sextius Quintus Sextius (perhaps together with his son. not limited to Roman philosophy. R.Roman Philosophy http://www. Italy: Rosenberg & Sellier. This is the most up-to-date assessment of Sextius’s views. 2 vols. eds. I. Greek and Roman philosophy 100 BC–200 AD . Translated by R. Brunt 1975 throws light on the historical context of the 11 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . Lana. This work gives a systematic overview of philosophical themes.. Edited by P.Oxford Bibliographies Online . In La langue latine. Paris: de Boccard. New York: Vintage. London: Institute of Classical Studies. 1981–1982 . Vol. 109–124. Lana 1992 gives an overview of the evidence. This is a standard work on the different philosophical schools in this era. 1992.. mostly from Seneca. L’herméneutique du sujet: Cours au Collège de France. Gives an overview of the evidence. 3. Edited by F. Rheinisches Museum 150. 2001. UK: Aldershot. A very influential work on the therapeutic aspects of ethics of the period. accompanied by an interpretation. Grimal. Sharples.fordham. who may have been Sextius Niger) forms an important link in the Roman philosophical tradition about which we have only indirect evidence.avoserv.library. 2007. Hadot.2: 179–210. Gill 2003 provides a general introduction. Provides state-of-the art articles that also help to locate Roman philosophy vis-à-vis its Greek counterparts. 2007. M. Gros. Philosophy in the Roman Empire: Ethics. Hurley. M. Stoicism was the most influential movement during the late republic and early empire. politics and society . Versuch einer doktrinalen Neueinordnung der Schule der Sextier. and W. Ashgate.. 1988. The history of sexuality . Paris: Gallimard/Le Seuil. Foucault. Foucault. 2007. I. The care of the self . and Hadot 2007 a new interpretation of his views. langue de la philosophie . La scuola dei Sestii. These lectures contain detailed textual analyses and complement the more general statements of the previously listed work. Stoicism Of all the Greek philosophical schools. Trapp.

J. Vol. Roskam 2005 on the notion of moral progress. Chicago and 12 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . and Marcus Aurelius. Graver.Roman Philosophy http://www.fordham. Musonius Rufus. Thrasea Paetus. Milan: Bompiani. Also contains a summary of and references to the author’s own groundbreaking research in this field. [DOI: 10. The Netherlands: Brill. Épictète.library. Epictetus. Musonius. I. Juvenal. Sedley 2005 on metaphysics. with translations. C. P. principate. Gill. this work makes the case that logic was still of vital interest to Stoics of this era. Logic and the imperial stoa . M. responsibility. Paris: Les Belles Lettres. The school in the Roman imperial period. Rufus. of Chicago Press.avoserv. Stoicism and the principate. A detailed assessment that also pays attention to the form of the writings. and Sorabji 2000 and Graver 2007 on the theory of the emotions and the passions. 3. 33–58. Cambridge. Inwood. Epictetus. commentaries. Reydams-Schils 2005 on social Lucan. Marc Aurèle . and Mara Bar Serapion. Chicago: Univ. Cornutus. Proceedings of the British School at Rome 43:7–35.. Persius. Brunt. and Marcus Aurelius). and affection . The Roman Stoics: Self. 2003. 2007. Ramelli.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Bénatouïl 2009 gives a general overview of Musonius. Bénatouïl.. and contains responses to Sorabji 2000.1017/CCOL052177005X] A succinct overview of the different strands of Stoicism. The most thorough research instrument to date. G. Reydams-Schils. 1975. Sellars 2009 on the role of philosophy. Barnes. Also includes extensive treatments of Seneca’s and Epictetus’s views on emotion.Oxford Bibliographies Online . The analysis focuses on Epictetus. Edited by B. and extensive bibliographies. Ramelli 2008 is an excellent research instrument with running commentaries and detailed bibliographies for the minor figures (excluding Seneca. UK: Cambridge Univ. A. Specific Aspects and Themes Barnes 1997 focuses on logic. Chaeremon. 2005. 2008. detailed introductions. In The Cambridge companion to the Stoics . as well as the school dynamic (in the case of Musonius Rufus and Epictetus).edu/. Includes Manilius. A foundational article on the sociopolitical context of Stoicism in this era. Leiden. 1997. Stoici romani minori . Press. Against a widespread view. 2009. Les Stoïciens . Stoicism and emotion . T.

that shows the influence of Stoic physics. and Posidonius’s views. the work focuses on Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265220. a treatment of Philo of Alexandria. soul.. Manilius and his intellectual background .oxfordbibliographiesonline. Analyzes the notion of moral progress in Stoic authors of this era in a broader context. 2d ed. Sedley.” this work devotes considerable attention to Seneca’s point of view. Focuses on social ethics. 2009. Sellars. Emotion and peace of mind: From Stoic agitation to Christian temptation .. Belgium: Leuven Univ. Stoic metaphysics at Rome.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Press. Volk 2009 provides the best introduction to Manilius.avoserv. London: Univ. which also includes the original Stoic view. Starting from the assumption that the Stoic approach to bad emotions can be fruitfully compared to the contemporary notion of “cognitive therapy. and emphasizes the role of positive emotions. It treats together political involvement with family ties.0001] State-of-the-art analyses and an extensive bibliography. 2009. On the path to virtue: The Stoic doctrine of moral progress and its reception in (middle-)Platonism . K. Starting with the Socratic legacy of this notion. Leuven. Press. of Chicago Press. In Metaphysics. Volk. Manilius Manilius is the author of a didactic poem. Aristo’s distinctive position. 2005. a detailed assessment of Plutarch’s De Profectibus in Virtute. and Alcinous’s and Apuleius’s handbooks.001. 2005. Press. Cornutus 13 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . Press. in parenthood and marriage. including an analysis of the notion of self this perspective presupposes. Salles. The art of living: The Stoics on the nature and function of philosophy . Roskam. especially in his De Ira. 2000. Oxford and New York: Oxford Univ. London: Duckworth.Roman Philosophy Edited by R. Oxford: Oxford Univ. J. This paper focuses on Seneca’s Letter 58. and its philosophical background. [DOI: 10.library. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Examines the connection between philosophy and biography from the perspective of a notion of philosophy that sees it as a combination of rational discourse ( logos) and training ( askêsis). N. R. Sorabji. Astronomica. Panaetius’s. and ethics in ancient thought . Hecato’s. 117–142. D.

Anneo Cornuto. S.. whereas Boys-Stones 2001 treats Cornutus’s role in the tradition of allegory. 2001. This work provides a good starting point in English. 2003. Grimal 1991..Oxford Bibliographies Online . Ramelli.. “Lucius Annaeus Cornutus’ Epidrome (Introduction to the traditions of Greek theology): Introduction. Hays 1983 provides a translation of the one extant work. A. and Veyne 2003 provide authoritative information about Seneca’s life and works with close attention to his philosophical views. Hays. In Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft Suppl. Provides a text. D. An authoritative scholarly overview. in English. and Vottero 1998 collects the fragments of Seneca’s works. and extensive bibliography. Nesselrath. Lucius Annaeus Cornutus worked on literature and philosophy. Kornutos. Germany: Mohr Siebeck. 2009. Most. and Nesselrath 2009 provides state-of-the-art analyses. Tübingen.-G. Post-Hellenistic philosophy: A study of its development from the Stoics to Origen . and notes. Maurach 1996. Ramelli 2003 is the most detailed treatment to date.” PhD diss. Cornutus. G. Zadorojnyi. Compendium of Greek Theology.fordham. G. Seneca Griffin 1976. I. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. which can be difficult to track down. H. 995–1005. and of Christian truth vis-à-vis non-Christian systems of thought. This work focuses specifically on the allegorical tradition. Cornutus and Stoic allegoresis. 5: Agamemnon–Statilius .library. Univ.. Press. In Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II. Oxford and New York: Oxford Univ. Lana and Malaspina 2005 offers a bibliography. a detailed introduction. commentary. Bilder und Deutungen . Edited by Wolfgang and Wilhelm Kroll. An authoritative analysis of Cornutus in the context of Stoic views of human language and their approach to allegory. translation. Boys-Stones. compendio di teologia greca . Milan: Bompiani. translation. 1989. Stuttgart: Druckenmüller. and on how the authority of Plato came to be established in Platonism. and Ramelli. with a close analysis of Cornutus.of Texas. 1931.Roman Philosophy http://www. Klauck. Nock. Edited by August Friedrich von Pauly Georg Wissowa. 2014–2065. Die griechischen Götter: Ein Überblick über Namen. R. Nock 1931 and Most 1989 are authoritative assessments. ed. essays contributed by Boys-Stones. 14 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 1983. and taught the poets Persius and Lucan.36. Introduction and translation by Berdozzo.3.

Bibliografia senecana del XX secolo .. Seneca: The life of a Stoic .avoserv.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Veyne. 2005. I.fordham. which are collected and analyzed here. in addition to a biography. including the Hellenistic period). Self-scrutiny and self-transformation in Seneca’s Letters . Fillion-Lahille 1984 focuses specifically on Seneca’s analysis of the emotions. Seneca: A philosopher in politics . Malaspina. [DOI: 10.. 1998. C. Specific Aspects and Themes Setaioli 1988 is the standard work on source analysis for the philosophical works. Vottero. This assessment posits a fundamental gap between Seneca’s Stoic philosophical ideal and everyday morality. Sullivan. 2003. Gersh 1986 treats the presence of Platonism in Seneca. New York and London: Routledge. Oxford: Clarendon.. Italy: Pàtron Editore. Wildberger 2006 assesses Seneca against the background of Stoicism in general (i. Grimal. Leben und Werk . Translated by D.23] A foundational article pursuing a literary approach to the question of the self in Seneca’s Letters.Roman Philosophy http://www. Lucio Anneo Seneca: I frammenti. 1997. Darmstadt. Lana. Italy: Pàtron Editore. G. Griffin. Germany: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. except for the fragments.1. also provides summaries of Seneca’s P. Pubblicazioni del Dipartimento di Filologia.1093/gr/44.library. An authoritative overview of Seneca’s life and work. This bibliography is an excellent work instrument for research on Seneca. P. 1976. An authoritative overview of the historical context of Seneca’s work. Greece & Rome 44:23–38. 15 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 1996. Edwards 1997 is a foundational article on the notion of self in Seneca. Inwood 2005 provides translations and philosophical interpretations of key aspects of Seneca’s works..e. and E. Hadot 1969 on psychagogy and the tradition of literary consolations. Università degli Studi di Torino. The works of Seneca are easily accessible. and Ker 2009 on the theme of death. Linguistica e Tradizione Classica 10 . Edwards. Maurach. 1991. This work. M. Seneca. Paris: Fayard. Bologna. D. Sénèque ou la conscience de l’empire .

Untersuchungen zur Antiken Literatur und Geschichte 84.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387032. The deaths of Seneca . dealing with (1) Seneca’s philosophical milieu. J. Seneca e i Greci: Citazione e traduzione nelle opere filosofiche . Seneca und die Stoa: Der Platz des Menschen in der Welt . This is the most detailed study to date of the connections between Seneca’s positions and the system of Stoicism. Notre Dame. Analyzes the extent to which Seneca has made concessions to Platonist psychology. Vol. Berlin: de Gruyter. pp. Paris: Klincksieck. (6) God and human knowledge in the Naturales Quaestiones. 1984. Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte der Philosophie . (10) getting to goodness. Ker. 2 vols. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. (7) moral judgment. (11) freedom and autonomy. 2009. as well as its reception history. B. Setaioli. Le De ira de Sénèque et la philosophie stoïcienne des passions .oxfordbibliographiesonline.. Oxford: Oxford Univ. and happiness. (9) reason.fordham. 13. of Notre Dame Press. 2006.001. 2 vols. (2) psychological dualism. Fillion-Lahille. Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin tradition . 1988. 1969. Oxford: Clarendon.avoserv. via the influence of Posidonius. 155–195) of Platonist borrowings and themes in Seneca’s philosophical works. [DOI: 10. (8) natural law. 2005. Inwood. Reading Seneca: Stoic philosophy at Rome . J.library.. (5) the will. Press.1–2.0001] Provides a comprehensive treatment both of the theme of death in Seneca’s writings and of the cultural significance of the renderings of his own death scene in Antiquity. and (12) self-assertion. J. IN: Univ. Provides an overview (in Volume 1. Hadot. rationalization. An authoritative collection of essays. also by locating it in the philosophical tradition. S. Commentaries 16 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . This is the most thorough analysis to date of Seneca’s use of his sources in his philosophical works. (3) the social dimension of the De Beneficiis. Wildberger.Roman Philosophy http://www. Gersh. (4) rules and reasoning. Seneca und die griechisch-römische Tradition der Seelenleitung . Italy: Pàtron Editore. Bologna. Bibliographies Online . This work focuses specifically on the theme of psychagogy in Seneca. 1986.

Musonius Rufus Musonius Rufus was Epictetus’s teacher. P. 71. Kuen 1994 on the De Vita Beata. Standard. Kuen. Grimal. Mid-length commentary. Sénèque.oxfordbibliographiesonline. Geytenbeek 1963 to date remains an authoritative overall analysis now complemented by Ramelli 2008 See also Bénatouïl 2009 under Stoicism 17 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . Italy: Le Monnier. 65–66. Press. Intention und Darstellungsweise im philosophischen Werk Senecas am Beispiel des Dialogs De vita beata— Einleitung. 1984.fordham. Extensive commentary on the De Vita Beata. Texts (based on Hense 1905) and translations are given by Lutz 1947. Seneca : De otio. B. Seneca: Naturales quaestiones. His recorded work is not easily accessible. State-of-the-art commentary with an extensive introduction that also places this work in the context of ancient views on kingship. Liber 2 . Salem. Braund 2009 on the De Clementia. UK: Cambridge Univ. Seneca: Selected philosophical letters . 76.Oxford Bibliographies Online . 117–124). L. Press. with much attention also devoted to its philological aspects.. Inwood 2007 focuses on philosophical issues in a selection of Seneca’s Letters. H. with attention to cultural context and philological issues. 1953. mid-length commentary. M. Based on the dissertation of the author.library. Florence. Hine. NH: Ayer. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.. 113. with informative introduction. Wortkommentar und systematische Darstellung .Roman Philosophy http://www. Lanzarone. with good introductions. Oxford: Oxford Univ. 1994. with a rich bibliography that also includes an overview of commentaries on other works. Annaei Senecae dialogorum liber I De providentia . N. De brevitate vitae. Press. and Lanzarone 2008 on the De Providentia are extensive commentaries. 2003. Seneca: De clementia. D.avoserv. S. Inwood. Extensive commentary. Hine 1984 on the second book of the Naturales Quaestiones. Heidelberg. 106. De constantia sapientis . Cambridge. who also provided a Teubner edition of the Naturales Quaestiones (1996). 87. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Germany: Winter. 2008. G. 85. Braund. 2009. 2007. Grimal 1953 on the De Constantia Sapientis and Williams 2003 on the De Otio and the De Brevitate Vitae are mid-length commentaries. Die Philosophie als dux vitae: Die Verknüpfung von Gehalt. A translation of and commentary on a selection of Seneca’s letters (58.

A. I. Hense. Bonhöffer. 1993.oxfordbibliographiesonline. and Long 2002 is the most in-depth philosophical analysis to date.Roman Philosophy http://www. Originally published as Die Ethik des Stoikers Epictet (Stuttgart: Enke. A. Kamtekar 1998 focuses on the theme of shame/reverence. Book I: Translation. Dobbin 1998 provides a commentary on the first book of the Discourses. Greek text. Good basic introduction. Hadot.fordham. and notes. Lutz.library. CT: Yale Univ. F. Clarendon Later Ancient Philosophers. 2008. Provides a detailed introduction and bibliography. Epictet und die Stoa .Oxford Bibliographies Online . O. commentary . See especially pp. Geytenbeek. Musonius Rufus and Greek diatribe . and A. Foundational detailed analysis. Leipzig: Teubner. Companion volume to Bonhöffer 1890. Une clé des Pensées de Marc Aurèle: Les trois topoi philosophiques selon Épictète. 1894). also includes the author’s own previous research on this topic. Dobbin. ed. Musonius Rufus.. Detailed treatment of Book 1 of the Discourses. W. Epictetus Bonhöffer 1890. Ramelli. The ethics of the Stoic Epictetus: An English translation . 1905.. Haddot. with a focus on ethics. as well as a text. See also Bénatouïl 2009 under Stoicism. C. 1947. Hijmans 1959 and Hadot 1993 give insights into key aspects.avoserv. bibliotheca scriptorum Graecorum et Romanorum . The Netherlands: Van Gorcum. van 1963. C. By P. translation. In Exercises spirituels et philosophie antique . P.. Paris: Études Augustiniennes. and Stevens and Bonhöffer 1996 are still foundational. C. Epictetus: Discourses. and Mason and Scaltsas 2007 presents a collection of essays. Stuttgart: Enke. Oxford: Clarendon. 691–944. Assen. and translations. 1890. 18 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . New York: Peter Lang. Stoici Romani minori . New Haven. R. Milan: Bompiani. Reliquiae. This is an edition with an introduction in Latin. introduction. Stephens. Musonius Rufus: The Roman Socrates . 135–172. An in-depth assessment of how Musonius Rufus’s views fit into the tradition. Bonhöffer. Press.

The Stoicism of Marcus Aurelius. Interlocutore di se stesso: La dialettica di Marco Aurelio . Kamtekar. Asmis.2:103–119. Annas. 2007. Scalstas. Press. Giavatto. Marcus Aurelius Rutherford 1989 and Hadot 1998 are the standard accounts. A wide-ranging collection of essays. Annas 2002 and Annas 2004 focus on ethics. “ΑΙΔΩΣ in Epictetus. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102.. 2228–2252.. [DOI: 10.avoserv. An in-depth analysis of distinct features that are representative of Marcus Aurelius’s philosophical E. Askesis: Notes on Epictetus’ educational system . 1998. R.oxfordbibliographiesonline. J. An analysis of Marcus Aurelius’s ethics from the perspective of the relation between physics and ethics. See also Bénatouïl 2009 under Stoicism. Oxford: Clarendon. Hijmans. Focuses on Epictetus’s pedagogical approach.Roman Philosophy http://www. (2) desire. having to do with (1) assent. The philosophy of Epictetus . Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic guide to life .” Classical Philology 93:136–160. L. An influential analysis of the three main exercises recommended by Epictetus. A. 2008. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. Annas.36.00110] Focuses on the social dimension of Marcus Aurelius’s ethics. Assen. 2002. The Netherlands: Van Gorcum. 1959. A.. 19 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . Marcus Aurelius: Ethics and its background. Asmis 1989 examines Marcus Aurelius’s specific brand of Stoicism. A. J. 1989. and (3) impulse. My station and its duties: Ideals and the social embeddedness of virtue. and New York: Olms.library. of which Hadot 1998 also brings out the connections between Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius. Edited by Wolfgang Haase. Oxford: Oxford Univ.2: 109–123. Mason. An influential treatment of this theme in Epictetus. B. Bibliographies Online . 2002. and Giavatto 2008 on dialectic. Germany. A. Rhizai: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 1.1111/1467-9264. In Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II. 2004. Long.fordham. with an emphasis on Socrates’s influence. and T. eds.3. The most extensive philosophical analysis to date.

1998. 1987–. The inner citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius . This systematic and thematic approach to the Platonist tradition allows for a comparison between different authors.Oxford Bibliographies Online .fordham. An in-depth sociocultural study. 20 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . 81–123. Edited by Wolfgang Haase. 1990. and provides excellent bibliographies. J. J.library. Baltes.1. System. Press. American Journal of Philology 111:471–492. Whittaker 1987 focuses on key figures and aspects. as well as the structure of the arguments in Marcus Aurelius’s writings. Platonism The multivolume work Der Platonismus in der Antike (Baltes and Dörrie 1987–) is a good research instrument for placing the Roman imperial tradition in its broader philosophical context. 1989. MA. and London: Harvard Univ.. Press. R. The middle Platonists 80 BC to AD 220 . A foundational study that interprets Marcus Aurelius from the perspective of the pedagogical program of Chase. the Aristotelian component of Middle Platonism.36. Entwicklung .. Der Platonismus in der Antike: Grundlagen. de Filippo. the Stoic component. NY: Cornell Univ. J. Oxford: Clarendon. 1977. Platonic philosophy in the early centuries of the Empire. Rutherford. Albinus. on any given issue. Sandy 1997 and Harrison 2000 focus on Apuleius’s role in the movement of the Second Sophistic. Curiositas and the Platonism of Apuleius’ Golden Ass .oxfordbibliographiesonline. B. Translated by M. M.. Contains sections on Alcinous. [DOI: 10. and H.avoserv. In Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II. 1987. Apuleius Dillon 1977 provides a succinct overview and Gersh 1986 a more in-depth assessment of the philosophical issues.2307/295242] Examines the importance of Platonic psychology for the Golden Ass. Stuttgart: Fromann-Holzboog. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter. An in-depth study of the role of logic and dialectic. P. and the Gnostics. Ithaca. Whittaker. Greek and Roman. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: A study . eds. Dillon. Hadot. Dörrie. Cambridge. the Neopythagoreans. Mortley 1972 focuses on theology and de Filippo 1990 on psychology.Roman Philosophy http://www.

Press. Apuleius: A Latin Sophist . 1997. All rights reserved. Mortley. of Notre Dame Press. Provides a detailed and in-depth analysis (in Volume 1. Gersh. N. Notre Dame. 174. 215–328) of the main philosophical themes. pp. 1972.Roman Philosophy http://www. R. S. Provides many detailed analyses. 21 of 21 9/28/2011 09:50 . and brings out also Apuleius’s debt to the Roman tradition. Provides a succinct overview. Takes the 2nd-century ce Greek cultural paradigm as its main vantage point.. 2000.fordham. Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism: The Latin tradition . S.avoserv. Mnemosyne suppl. The Greek world of Apuleius: Apuleius and the Second Sophistic . 2 vols. LAST MODIFIED: 06/29/2011 DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780195389661-0042 BAC K TO TOP Copyright © 2011.Oxford Bibliographies Online . Harrison. Apuleius and Platonic theology. Leiden. G. Sandy. American Journal of Philology 93:584–590.2307/294349] Explores Apuleius’s treatment of the ineffability of the divine. 1986. The Netherlands: Brill. IN: Univ. Oxford: Oxford Univ.. [DOI: