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Los Angeles International Airport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Los Angeles International Airport

Coordinates: 335633N 1182429W

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO:

KLAX, FAA LID: LAX) is the primary airport serving the
Greater Los Angeles Area, the second-most populated
metropolitan area in the United States. It is most often
referred to by its IATA airport code LAX, with the letters
pronounced individually. LAX is located in southwestern
Los Angeles along the Pacific coast in the neighborhood
of Westchester, 16 miles (26 km) from Downtown Los
Angeles. It is owned and operated by Los Angeles World
Airports, an agency of the Los Angeles city government
formerly known as the Department of Airports.
In 2014, LAX handled 70,622,212 passengers, far
exceeding a previous record of 67.3 million travelers set
in 2000.[4] The airport holds the claim for "the world's
busiest origin and destination (O & D) airport" in 2011,
meaning it had the most non-connecting passengers.[5]
The airport also was the third busiest in the world by
aircraft movements. It is also the only airport to rank
among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and
cargo traffic.[6]
While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los
Angeles Area, other airports, including Bob Hope Airport,
John Wayne Airport, Long Beach Airport, and
LA/Ontario International Airport, also serve the region. It
is also notable for being one of few U.S. airports with four
parallel runways.
LAX serves as a hub for American Airlines, Delta Air
Lines, United Airlines, Alaska Airlines, Horizon Air, Great
Lakes Airlines, and Virgin America. The airport also
serves as a focus city for Southwest Airlines, Allegiant
Air, Air New Zealand, Qantas, and Volaris. LAX is the
only airport to serve as a hub for all three U.S. legacy
airlines (American, Delta and United). LAX is also one of
four airports in North America that has scheduled air
service to all six inhabited continents. The other three
airports are Toronto-Pearson, Houston-Intercontinental
(starting in December) and New York John F. Kennedy
Airport. Los Angeles International Airport also serves as
either a hub or focus city for more airlines than any other
airport in the United States.

Los Angeles International Airport


WMO: 72295
Airport type



City of Los Angeles


Los Angeles World Airports


Greater Los Angeles Area


Los Angeles, California

Hub for

Alaska Airlines
American Airlines
Delta Air Lines
Great Lakes Airlines
United Airlines
Virgin America

Focus city for

Air New Zealand

Allegiant Air
Spirit Airlines
Southwest Airlines

Elevation AMSL 128 ft / 39 m

1 History


335633N 1182429W


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1.1 The "X" in LAX

2 Aircraft spotting
2.1 Space Shuttle Endeavour
3 Theme Building
4 Terminals
4.1 Terminal 1
4.2 Terminal 2
4.3 Terminal 3
4.4 Tom Bradley International Terminal
4.4.1 Accommodating the Airbus
4.5 Terminal 4
4.6 Terminal 5
4.7 Terminal 6
4.8 Terminal 7
4.9 Terminal 8
5 Airlines and destinations
5.1 Passenger
5.2 Cargo
6 Traffic and statistics
7 Top international destinations
8 Top domestic destinations
9 Airport lounges
10 Ground transportation
10.1 Intraterminal Transportation
10.2 Freeways and roads
10.3 Bus
10.3.1 FlyAway Bus
10.3.2 Metro Rail
10.4 Airport Metro Connector
10.5 Taxis and private shuttles
11 Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles
12 Flight Path Learning Center & Museum
13 Other facilities
14 Incidents and accidents
14.1 1930s
14.2 1940s
14.3 1960s
14.4 1970s
14.5 1980s
14.6 1990s
14.7 2000s
14.8 2010s
15 Planned modernization
16 In popular culture
17 See also
18 References
19 Further reading
20 External links



FAA airport diagram

Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area





















Passengers (2014)


Aircraft operations (2014)


Economic impact (2012)

$14.9 billion[1]

Social impact (2012)

133.9 thousand[1]

Source: Federal Aviation Administration[2] [3]

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In 1928, the Los Angeles City Council selected 640 acres

(1.00 sq mi; 260 ha) in the southern part of Westchester for a new
airport for the city. The fields of wheat, barley and lima beans were
converted into dirt landing strips without any terminal buildings. It
was named Mines Field for William W. Mines, the real estate agent
who arranged the deal.[8] The first structure, Hangar No. 1, was
erected in 1929 and is in the National Register of Historic Places.[9]
Mines Field opened as the airport of Los Angeles in 1930 and the city
purchased it to be a municipal airfield in 1937. The name became Los
Angeles Airport in 1941 and Los Angeles International Airport in
1949.[10] In the 1930s the main airline airports were Burbank Airport
(then known as Union Air Terminal, and later Lockheed) in Burbank
and the Grand Central Airport in Glendale. (In 1940 the airlines were
all at Burbank except for Mexicana's three departures a week from
Glendale; in late 1946 most airline flights moved to LAX, but
Burbank always retained a few.)[11]
Mines Field did not extend west of Sepulveda Boulevard;[12]
Sepulveda was rerouted circa 1950 to loop around the west ends of
the extended eastwest runways (now runways 25L and 25R), which
by November 1950 were 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long.[13] A tunnel was
completed in 1953 allowing Sepulveda Boulevard to revert to straight
and pass beneath the two runways; it was the first tunnel of its kind.
For the next few years the two runways were 8,500 feet (2,600 m)

Los Angeles Municipal Airport on

Army Day, c. 1931

Hangar No. 1 was the first structure at

LAX, built in 1929, restored in 1990
and remaining in active use.[7]

On July 10, 1956, Boeing's 707 prototype (the 36780) visited LAX.
The Los Angeles Times said it was its first appearance at a
"commercial airport" outside the Seattle area.[15]
The April 1957 Official Airline Guide showed 66 weekday departures
on United Airlines, 32 American Airlines, 32 Western Airlines, 27
TWA, nine Southwest, five Bonanza Air Lines and three Mexicana
Airlines; also 22 flights a week on Pan American World Airways and
five a week on Scandinavian Airlines (the only direct flights from
California to Europe).

Los Angeles International Airport with

Marina Del Rey in the foreground and
Palos Verdes Peninsula in the

American Airlines' 707-123s flew the first jet passengers out of LAX
to New York in January 1959; the first wide-body jets were TWA's
Boeing 747s to New York in early 1970.[10]
In 1958, the architecture firm Pereira & Luckman was contracted to plan the re-design of the airport for the
"jet age". The plan, developed with architects Welton Becket and Paul Williams, called for a series of
terminals and parking structures in the central portion of the property, with these buildings connected at the
center by a huge steel-and-glass dome. The plan was never realized, and the Theme Building was built on the
site intended for the dome.
In the new terminal area west of Sepulveda Blvd that started opening in 1961, each terminal had a satellite
building out in the middle of the tarmac, reached by underground tunnels from the ticketing area.[16] United's
satellites 7 and 8 were first to open, followed by 3, 4 and 5; satellite 2 opened as the international terminal
several months later and satellite 6 was to be the last to open.[17][18]

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Since the 1920s, a neighborhood called Surfridge had been on the coastline west of the airport, part of the
larger community of Palisades del Rey along with the neighborhood to the north now known as Playa del
Rey. When the airlines switched to jet airliners during the 1960s and 1970s and Surfridge's residents
complained about noise pollution, the city used its eminent domain powers to condemn and evacuate
Surfridge. The government bulldozed the homes but did not bulldoze the streets, and the fenced-off "ghost"
streets west of LAX are still there.
In 1981, LAX began a $700 million expansion in preparation for the 1984 Summer Olympics. The U-shaped
roadway past the terminal entrances got a second level, with arriving passengers on the lower level and
departing on the upper. Connector buildings between the ticketing areas and the satellite buildings were
added, changing the layout to a "pier" design. Two new terminals (Terminal 1 and the Tom Bradley
International Terminal) were built and Terminal 2, then two decades old, was rebuilt. Multi-story parking
structures were also built in the center of the airport.[10]
On July 8, 1982, groundbreaking for the two new terminals were conducted by Mayor Tom Bradley and
World War II aviator General James Doolittle. The $123 million 963,000-square-foot (89,500 m2)
International Terminal opened on June 11, 1984, and was named for Bradley.[10]
On April 29, 1992, the airport closed for violence and cleanup after the 1992 Los Angeles Riots over the
Rodney King beating.
The airport closed again on January 17, 1994 after the Northridge earthquake.
In 1996, a $29 million, 277-foot-tall (84 m) air traffic control tower was built near the Theme Building.[10]
In 2000, before Los Angeles hosted the Democratic National
Convention, fifteen glass pylons up to ten stories high were placed in
a circle around the intersection of Sepulveda Boulevard and Century
Boulevard, with more pylons of decreasing height following Century
Boulevard eastward, evoking a sense of departure and arrival.
Conceived by the designers at Selbert Perkins Design, the towers and
30-foot (9.1 m) "LAX" letters are a gateway to the airport and offer a
welcoming landmark for visitors.[19] Illuminated from the inside, the
The Theme Building decorated with
pylons slowly cycle through a rainbow of colors that represents the
light displays for the holiday season
multicultural makeup of Los Angeles and can be customized to
celebrate events, holidays or a season. This was part of an overall
face-lift that included new signage and various other cosmetic enhancements that was led by Ted Tokio
Tanaka Architects. The LAX pylons underwent improvements in 2006, as stage lighting inside the cylinders
was replaced with LED lights to conserve energy, make maintenance easier and enable on-demand cycling
through various color effects.[20]
LAX has been a hub for TWA, Air California, Braniff International, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines,
Pacific Southwest Airlines, US Airways, Western Airlines, and the Flying Tiger Line.
Starting in the mid-1990s, under Mayors Richard Riordan and James Hahn, modernization and expansion
plans for LAX were prepared, only to be stymied by a coalition of residents who live near the airport. They
cited increased noise, pollution and traffic impacts of the project. In late 2005, newly elected Mayor Antonio
Villaraigosa was able to reach a compromise, allowing some modernization to go forward while encouraging
future growth among other facilities in the region.
It is illegal to limit the number of passengers that use an airport, but in December 2005 the city agreed to
limit the passenger gates to 163. Once passenger usage hits 75 million, a maximum of two gates a year for up
to five years will be closed, intending to limit growth to 79 million passengers a year. In exchange civil
lawsuits were abandoned, to allow the city to complete badly needed improvements to the airport. [21]

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The airport is a hub for United Airlines, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines,[22] and a focus city for
Southwest Airlines, Allegiant Air, Air New Zealand, Qantas, Virgin America and Volaris. It also serves as an
international gateway and hub for Delta Air Lines and houses a line maintenance facility for Delta's primary
maintenance, repair and overhaul arm, Delta TechOps.[23]
In 2008 plans were unveiled for a $4.11 billion renovation and improvement program to expand and
rehabilitate the Tom Bradley International Terminal to accommodate the next generation of larger aircraft, as
well as handle the growing number of flights to and from the Southern California region, and to develop the
Central Terminal Area (CTA) of the airport to include streamlined passenger processing, public
transportation and updated central utility plants.[24] As of 2013, Los Angeles International Airport is the
biggest airport in California. The multi-year project, originally projected to be completed in 2014, is ongoing
as of February 2015,[25] and is the largest public works project in Los Angeles history.[26][27]

The "X" in LAX

Before the 1930s, existing airports used a two-letter abbreviation based on the weather stations at the
airports. At that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport. But with the rapid growth in
the aviation industry the designations expanded to three letters c. 1947, and "LA" became "LAX." The letter
"X" has no specific meaning in this identifier.[28] "LAX" is also used for the Port of Los Angeles in San
Pedro and by Amtrak for Union Station in downtown Los Angeles.

Aircraft spotting
The "Imperial Hill" area (also known as Clutter's Park) in El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting.
Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the
Westchester In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in
Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners
from directly underneath a flight path.

Space Shuttle Endeavour

At 12:51 pm on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour
landed at LAX on runway 25L.[29] An estimate of over 10,000 people saw the shuttle land in person.
Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. Along
the way the shuttle passed many landmarks in the Los Angeles area including the Santa Monica Pier, Getty
Center, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Griffith Observatory, Malibu coastline, the Hollywood
Sign, Universal Studios Hollywood, the Disneyland Resort, and Los Angeles City Hall. It was quickly taken
off the Boeing 747 and was moved to a United Airlines hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the
hangar while it was prepared for transport to the California Science Center.
On Friday, October 12, Endeavour left the hangar at 2:00 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time and moved eastward
on Manchester Boulevard on its way to the California Science Center. The shuttle transport vehicle (STV)
was constructed of over 60 individual wheels and weighed over 12,000 pounds (5,400 kg). It was designed to
move the shuttle at a speed of 2 miles per hour (3.2 km/h). This was both for safety concerns for the shuttle
and so people could take many photos. As the entire planned route was only 12 miles, it should have only
taken 6 hours to complete. Instead, the shuttle arrived in one piece on the morning of Sunday, October 14,

Theme Building
The distinctive white googie "Theme Building", designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams and

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constructed in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its
four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the
legs. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in
1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney
Imagineering, was completed before the "Encounter Restaurant" opened there in 1997.[30] Visitors are able
to take the elevator up to the roof of the "Theme Building", which closed after the September 11, 2001
attacks for security reasons and reopened to the public on weekends beginning on July 10, 2010.[31]
Additionally, a memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the four
hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX.[32]

LAX has nine passenger terminals arranged in the shape of the letter
U or a horseshoe. The terminals are served by a shuttle bus.
Terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are all connected airside via an
underground tunnel between Terminals 4, 5 and 6 and above-ground
walkways between Terminals 6, 7, and 8. An additional airside
shuttle bus operates among Terminals 4, 6, and the American Eagle
remote terminal. There are no physical airside connections between
any of the other terminals.
In addition to these terminals, there are 2,000,000 square feet
(190,000 m2) of cargo facilities at LAX, and a heliport operated by
Bravo Aviation. Qantas[33] has a maintenance facility at LAX, even
though it is not a hub.

A terminal map of LAX.

Inter-terminal connections between terminals 1, 2, and 3, and between them and the other terminals, require
passengers to exit security, then walk or use a shuttle-bus to get to the other terminal, then re-clear security.
Terminals 4-8, which comprise the south terminal complex, provide airside connections, which allow
connecting passengers to access other terminals without having to re-clear security. The following airside
connections are possible:[34]
Terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 have airside connection.
Terminals 6, 7, and 8 are all connected airside via walking corridors at the same level as the
terminal, allowing passengers a seamless connection (International arriving passengers must
clear Customs, and then security, on a lower level first).
Terminals 4, 5 and 6 are connected via an airside underground walkway. At Terminal 6
passengers can transfer from the above ground Terminal 6/7/8 walkway to the underground
walkway to access Terminals 4, 5 and 6.
Some airlines provide an airside shuttle bus connection between terminals. For example, Qantas offers
a late afternoon/evening shuttle bus for passengers arriving in Terminal 4 to connect with flights
departing from the Tom Bradley International Terminal.[35]
Beginning in 2016, an additional airside corridor will be available from Terminal 4 to the Tom Bradley
International Terminal. This will allow airside connections from Terminals 8, 7, 6, 5 and 4 to the Tom
Bradley International Terminal. An additional security checkpoint will be available in this connector to allow
passengers to enter Terminal 4 after arriving on an international arrival in the Tom Bradley Terminal avoiding
the main Terminal 4 security screening area, also allowing easier connections to Terminal 5, 6, 7 and 8.[36]

Terminal 1
Terminal 1 has 15 gates: Gates 13, 4A4B, and 514 (re numbered to 9, 10, 11A-11B, 12A-12B, 13-15,

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16A-16B, 17A-17B, and 18A-18B, as of mid-May 2015), and houses Southwest Airlines. Terminal 1 was
built in 1984. Terminal 1 is presently undergoing an extensive renovation financed by Southwest Airlines.
This renovation will continue through 2018 and provide updates to security screening area, curbside dropoff,
terminal areas and baggage handling.[37]

Terminal 2
Terminal 2 has 11 gates: Gates 2121B, 2222B, 23, 2424B, and
2528. It hosts most foreign airlines not using the Tom Bradley
International Terminal along with a couple of domestic airlines:
Aeromxico, Air Canada, Avianca, Hawaiian Airlines, Sun Country
Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Volaris, and WestJet.
Terminal 2 was built in 1962, and was the original international
terminal. It was completely torn down and rebuilt in stages between
1984 and 1988 at a cost of $94 million.[38] The rebuilt terminal was
designed by Leo A Daly.[39] Terminal 2 has CBP (Customs and
Border Protection) facilities to process arriving international

Terminal 2 with Air China, Air Canada

and Avianca Airlines.

Former tenants of the terminal include Air China, Air New Zealand, Northwest Airlines, Pan American
World Airways, and TACA International Airlines. Air New Zealand moved to the Tom Bradley International
Terminal on December 3, 2014[40] and Air China moved to the Tom Bradley International Terminal on July
1, 2015.[41]

Terminal 3
Terminal 3 has 12 gates: Gates 30, 31A31B, 32, 33A33B, 3436,
37A37B, and 38 (gate 39 was removed to make room for Virgin
Australia Boeing 777 operations at gate 38). Terminal 3 opened in
1961 and was Trans World Airlines' terminal. The terminal was
expanded in 1970 to accommodate widebody operations and
between 1980 and 1987, which included a new passenger connector
building and baggage system connected to the original satellite.[42] It
formerly housed some American Airlines flights after that airline
Terminal 3 is served by ultra low-cost
acquired Reno Air and TWA in 1999 and 2001, respectively.
carrier Spirit Airlines.
Eventually, all American flights were moved to Terminal 4. As of
November 2014, Allegiant Air,[43] BizAir Shuttle operated by
Ultimate Air Shuttle,[44] Frontier Airlines,[45] JetBlue Airways, Spirit Airlines, and Virgin America use
Terminal 3. US Airways moved operations to Terminal 6 on November 6, 2014.[46]
Virgin America uses Terminal 2 for arrivals from Cancun. Virgin Australia check-in is in Terminal 3 and all
departures and arrivals are at TBIT.

Tom Bradley International Terminal

Not to be confused with Bradley International Airport, which serves Hartford, Connecticut

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Tom Bradley International Terminal

The Tom Bradley International Terminal (TBIT) has 18 gates; nine on

the north concourse and nine on the south concourse. Each gate is
equipped with a Safegate Advanced - Visual Docking Guidance
System. In addition, there are nine satellite gates for international
flights located on the west side of LAX. Passengers are ferried to the
west side gates by bus. The terminal exclusively hosts most of the
major international airlines, with the exception of those housed in
Terminal 2.
This terminal opened for the 1984 Summer Olympic Games and is
named for Tom Bradley, the first African-American and longestserving (20 years) mayor of Los Angeles, and champion of LAX. The
terminal is located at the west end of the passenger terminal area
between Terminals 3 and 4. Tom Bradley International Terminal hosts
27 airlines and handles 10 million passengers per year.

Tom Bradley International Terminal in

the early morning

In 2010, modernization efforts resulted in additional space for inline

baggage screening, three large alliance-aligned lounges plus one
unaffiliated lounge (to replace the multiple airline specific lounges)
and cosmetic upgrades in the departures and arrivals areas.
On November 17, 2008, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa unveiled design
concepts for LAX's Bradley West and Midfield Concourse projects.
Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), along with city officials,
selected Fentress Architects in association with HNTB to develop a
design concept for the modernization of LAX. The emphasis of the
modernization is to improve the passenger experience and to keep
Los Angeles competitive with other global cities.
On February 22, 2010, construction began on the $1.5 billion Bradley
West project, part of the multi-year $4.11 billion LAX improvement
and redevelopment projects. The project added over 1,250,000
square feet (116,000 m2) of shops, restaurants, and passenger
lounges, as well as new security screening, customs, immigration, and
baggage claim facilities. The terminal's existing two concourses will
be demolished and replaced with a larger pair with 18 gates, nine of
which will be able to accommodate the Airbus A380. The terminal
opened in phases beginning on September 2012, and was completed
in 2014.[47]

Check-in counters in the Tom Bradley

International Terminal

Moving walkways inside the new

south concourse of the Tom Bradley
West terminal. The separated arrivals
walkway on the second floor leads
directly to U.S. Customs.

On September 18, 2013, the new Tom Bradley International Terminal

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at LAX officially opened. Airlines started to use the new, smarter gates that can handle larger aircraft, with
multiple gates configured for the Airbus A380. Inside, Southern California scenes and eccentric videos are
played on seven huge multimedia screens. It is the largest immersive system in an airport and the most
advanced multimedia environment in a North American airport. This system was created by Moment
Factory.[48] Lounge-like seating for relaxation, and the 25,000-square-foot duty-free shopping area are
located in the Great Hall. Many restaurants and high-end shops are located there, such as Chlo, Burberry,
Fred Segal, and Porsche amongst others. Franchises of popular LA restaurants including Umami Burger, 800
Degrees, Larder, Ink.Sack and Lucky Fish are among the restaurant selections available. [49]
Accommodating the Airbus A380
On March 25, 2007, Runway 7R/25L reopened after being shifted 55 feet (17 m) south to prevent runway
incursions and prepare the runway for the Airbus A380. Additional storm drains and enhanced runway
lighting were added. Runway 25L is now 800 feet (240 m) south of the parallel runway centerline to
centerline, allowing a parallel taxiway between the runways; the taxiway was completed in 2008.
On September 18, 2006, Los Angeles World Airports started a $503 million facelift of the Tom Bradley
International Terminal. Improvements included new paging, air conditioning and electrical systems, along
with new elevators, escalators, baggage carousels, and a digital sign that automatically update flight
information. With federal funding, explosives-detection technology was incorporated into the terminal's
underground baggage system.
According to the Los Angeles Times, in February 2007, many Pacific Rim carriers began reducing flights to
LAX in favor of more modern airports, such as San Francisco International Airport, due to the aging Tom
Bradley International Terminal.[50]
On August 15, 2007, the Los Angeles City Council approved a $1.2 billion project to construct a new
10-gate terminal to handle international flights using the Airbus A380.[51] Adding the first new gates built
since the early 1980s, the new structure was to be built directly west of the Tom Bradley International
Terminal on a site that was occupied mostly by aircraft hangars.[51]
On March 19, 2007, the Airbus A380 made its debut at LAX, landing on runway 24L. Though LAX was
originally to be the first U.S. city to see the A380, Airbus later decided to forgo LAX in favor of John F.
Kennedy International Airport in New York City. After city officials fought for the super-jumbo jet to land at
LAX, Airbus had to get two A380s, where they A380 landed simultaneously in New York and Los
On March 31, 2008, the Los Angeles Times reported that foreign carriers were once again flocking to LAX's
Tom Bradley International Terminal. The weaker dollar caused a surge in demand for U.S. travel, resulting in
airlines either adding new destinations or increasing frequencies to existing routes. New airlines that
introduced flights to LAX included Virgin Australia, Emirates Airlines, Turkish Airlines, and Iberia Airlines.
Korean Air, Qantas, Air China, and Air France. The influx of new flights comes amidst the renovation of the
airport and consolidates LAX's status as the premiere international gateway to the Western United States. [53]
Qantas launched service with the Airbus A380 on October 20, 2008, using the west side remote gates.
Though initially deployed between LAX and Sydney, Qantas' A380 service was extended to the
LAX-Melbourne route. This was followed shortly by Korean Air, which initiated nonstop A380 flights to
Seoul-Incheon in October 2011. Air France has launched A380 flights between Paris-Charles de Gaulle and
Los Angeles in May 2012. In addition, China Southern Airlines launched A380 service to Guangzhou in
October 2012, representing an increase in capacity of 78% on the route. With the addition of these services,
LAX boasted six daily A380 services. On October 15, British Airways' nonstop service from London
Heathrow to LAX also became an A380 route.[54]

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Asiana Airlines launched an Airbus A380 service to LAX on Wednesday, August 20, 2014. This new A380
route makes Asiana the eighth A380 operator at LAX and the eleventh airline to operate an A380.
Previously, Asiana deployed regional Asian A380 routes to Osaka, Hong Kong, and Bangkok.[55]
As of 29 March 2015, LAX has more A380 services than any other North American city, with twelve daily
flights spread among nine operators: Emirates (Dubai), China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou), British
Airways (London), Qantas (Sydney and Melbourne), Korean Air and Asiana Airlines (Seoul), Air France
(Paris), Singapore Airlines (Singapore via Tokyo), and Lufthansa (Frankfurt).

Terminal 4
Terminal 4 has 14 gates: Gates 4041, 42A42B, 4345 (Gate 44 is
for the bus to the American Eagle remote terminal, Gates 44A-44J),
46A46B, 47A47B, 48A48B, and 49A, and houses American
Airlines flights. Terminal 4 was built in 1961, was expanded in 1983
by adding a connector from the ticketing areas to the original
satellite,[42] and was renovated in 2002 at a cost of $400 million in
order to improve the appearance and functionality of the facility. The
renovation was designed by Rivers & Christian.[56] An international
arrivals facility was also added as part of the renovations.
Interior view of Terminal 4

American Eagle regional flights operate from the "American Eagle

Terminal", a satellite terminal which is located just east of Terminal 8.
Gate 44 serves as the shuttle bus stop at Terminal 4. This terminal has 10 regional jet gates that supplement
the 14 mainline gates at Terminal 4, giving American Airlines and American Eagle more gates than any other
airline at LAX, with 24 (American Airlines Group operates from 28 gates in total, including the four
dedicated gates for US Airways at Terminal 6). The remote terminal is also connected by shuttle buses to
Terminals 6 and TBIT because of Eagle's codesharing with Alaska Airlines, Qantas and US Airways.

Terminal 5
Terminal 5 has 15 gates: Gates 50A50B, 51A51B, 52A52B, 53A53B, 54A54B, 55A, 5657, 58, and
59, and is used as Delta Air Lines' West Coast hub. Western Airlines occupied this terminal at its opening in
1962, and continued to do so until Western was merged with Delta on April 1, 1987. Terminal 5 was
redesigned by Gensler,[57] expanded to include a connector building between the original satellite and the
ticketing facilities and remodeled from 1986 through early 1988. It was unofficially named 'Delta's Oasis at
LAX' with the slogan 'Take Five at LAX' when construction was completed in the summer of 1988.
Northwest Airlines moved all operations to Terminal 5 and Terminal 6 alongside Delta on June 30, 2009, as
part of its merger with the airline. The terminal has a customs area in the arrivals floor, used for international
flights served by Delta Air Lines.

Terminal 6
Terminal 6 has 14 gates: Gates 6063, 64A64B, 65A-65B, 66, 67, 68A68B, and 69A69B. Parts of this
terminal have changed little from its opening in 1961; in 1970, new gates were expanded from the main
building, as is obvious from the rotunda at the end. Four of these gates have two jetways, which can
accommodate large aircraft. An expansion of the terminal, including a connector of the original satellite to
the ticketing areas, was completed in 1987.[58]
The terminal is presently in use by Alaska Airlines, American Airlines (for US Airways operated flights),
Delta and Great Lakes.
Continental Airlines originally built the Connector Building (which links the Ticketing and rotunda

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buildings). Prior to October 2014, United Airlines used the connector

gates, supplementing its base at Terminal 7. Delta also leases some
space from the Airport in Terminal 6, in addition to its base at
Terminal 5. Most of the rotunda gates can feed arriving passengers
into a sterile corridor that shunts them to Terminal 7's customs and
immigration facility.
In April 2011, Alaska Airlines agreed to a deal with Los Angeles
World Airports to renovate Terminal 6 and build an Alaska Airlines
Board Room Lounge. The airline moved its flights to Terminal 6 on
March 20, 2012, and Spirit Airlines was relocated to Terminal 3.[59]
US Airways moved operations to Terminal 6 on November 6,

A Virgin America Airbus A319 at

Terminal 6 prior to the airline's move
to Terminal 3.

Former tenants of the terminal include Continental Airlines until its merger with United in 2011 and Eastern
Air Lines, which went bankrupt in 1991. The terminal also originally housed Pacific Southwest Airlines.

Terminal 7
Terminal 7 has 11 gates: Gates 70A-70B, 71A-71B, 72, 73, 74, 75A-75B, 76, and 77. This terminal opened
in 1962 and was expanded to accommodate widebody aircraft in 1970.[58] The terminal was expanded in
1982 with the addition of a connector building, which today compromises of gates 70A-70B and
71A-71B.[58] Four of these gates have two jetways, which accommodate large aircraft. Terminal 7 is used for
United Airlines' domestic and international operations. The interior of the terminal was renovated between
January 1998 and June 1999 at a cost of $250 million, was designed by HNTB, and was constructed by
Hensel Phelps Construction. Added were new gate podiums, increased size of gate areas, relocated
concessions, expanded restrooms, new flooring, and new signage.[60] Also, the roof of the terminal was
raised, and new, brighter light fixtures were added in order to provide more overall lighting.[61] As of 2012,
Terminal 7 is undergoing another facelift, with significant changes to concessions. The terminal also contains
a United Club and an International First Class Lounge. The terminal has a customs area located on the
arrivals floor, used by international flights served by United Airlines.

Terminal 8
Terminal 8 has 9 gates: Gates 8088. This terminal was originally constructed in 1961 as Concourse 8 and
was redeveloped in 1982 and renamed Terminal 8.[58] The terminal formerly served Shuttle by United flights.
While at one point, United solely operated United Express flights from Terminal 8 and operated non-Express
flights from Terminals 6 and 7, Terminal 8 is now used once again for some mainline flights.

A view of Terminal 8 and the surrounding vicinity including the air traffic control tower and the Theme Building

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Airlines and destinations

LAX connects 87 domestic and 69 international destinations in North America, Latin America, Europe, the
Middle East, Asia, and Oceania. Its most prominent airlines are American Airlines (19.55% of passenger
traffic), Delta Air Lines (17.22%), and United Airlines (16.65%). Other airlines with a presence on a lesser
scale include Southwest Airlines (11.87%) and Alaska Airlines (4.63%).[62]

American Airlines/American Eagle operate the most departures from
the airport, followed by United Airlines/United Express and
Southwest Airlines. American operates the largest network of routes
out of LAX serving 60 destinations, followed closely by Delta (58)
and United (57). American (from December 17, 2015), Delta (from
July 9, 2015) and United all operate nonstop services to the most
transpacific destinations (four). Norwegian Air Shuttle (Operated by
Norwegian Long Haul) serves the most destinations in Europe
(three), while Alaska Airlines/Horizon serve the most destinations in
Mexico (eight). This table lists passenger flights served with a
nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers
originating in Los Angeles according to the airlines' published
schedules, unless otherwise noted.

A line-up of international carriers at

the Tom Bradley International

An Alaska Airlines Boeing 737-900

taking off from LAX. The Hollywood
Sign is visible in the distance

An American Airlines Boeing

777-200ER at LAX

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An Air China Boeing 747-400 taking

off from LAX

An Asiana Airlines Airbus A380 lands

at LAX

A China Southern Airlines Airbus

A380 lands at LAX

An Air France Airbus A380 taking off

from LAX








Guadalajara, Mexico City

Seasonal: Cancn

Aeromxico Connect

Seasonal: Culiacn

Air Berlin

Seasonal: Dsseldorf


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Air Canada

Montral-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson

Air Canada Rouge

Calgary, Vancouver

Air China



Air France

Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle


Air New Zealand

Auckland, London-Heathrow, Rarotonga


Air Tahiti Nui

Papeete, Paris-Charles de Gaulle


Alaska Airlines

A British Airways Airbus A380 lands

Anchorage, Baltimore (begins Septemberat9,LAX

Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Liberia (CR) (begins

November 1, 2015)[64] Loreto (MX) (begins November 1,
2015), Manzanillo, Mazatln, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta,
Salt Lake City, San Jos del Cabo, San Jos de Costa Rica
(begins October 31, 2015),[64] Seattle/Tacoma, Vancouver,

Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air

Loreto (MX) (ends October 31, 2015), Mammoth Lakes,

Medford, Monterey (begins November 5, 2015), Santa Rosa,
Seasonal: Gunnison/Crested Butte (begins December 16,
A Qantas Airbus A380 at LAX
2015), Sun Valley


Seasonal: Rome-Fiumicino


All Nippon Airways

Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita


Allegiant Air

Bellingham, Boise, Eugene, Fargo, Grand Junction, Honolulu,

Idaho Falls, Medford, Provo
Seasonal: Billings, Cedar Rapids, Des Moines,
Fayetteville/Bentonville, Great Falls, Kalispell, Little Rock,
McAllen, Missoula, Montrose, Sioux Falls,
Springfield/Branson, Tri-Cities (WA), Tulsa, Wichita

American Airlines

Atlanta, Austin, Belize City, Boston, Chicago-O'Hare,

A Singapore Airlines Airbus A380
Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Honolulu,
parked at LAX
Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue,
London-Heathrow, Mexico City, Miami, Nashville, New
York-JFK, Orlando-International, St. Louis, San Francisco,
San Jos del Cabo, So Paulo-Guarulhos, Shanghai-Pudong,
Sydney (begins December 17, 2015),[65][66] Tampa, TokyoHaneda (begins October 15, 2015),[67] Tokyo-Narita, TorontoPearson, Washington-Dulles (resumes August 18, 2015),[68]
Seasonal: Eagle/Vail, Jackson Hole (begins December 17,

American Eagle

A Korean
Airbus A380 taxiing
Albuquerque, Austin, Denver, Edmonton,
El Paso,Air
Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fresno, Houston-Intercontinental,
Monterey (ends September 8, 2015),[70] Oklahoma City,
Phoenix, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake 4 (Satellite)
City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA),
Santa Fe (ends September 7, 2015),[70] Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Montrose (begins December 17, 2015)[69]

Asiana Airlines





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Avianca Costa Rica

Guatemala City, San Jos de Costa Rica

Avianca El Salvador

San Salvador

BizAir Shuttle
operated by Ultimate Air Shuttle

Carlsbad (CA)[72]

British Airways



Cathay Pacific

Hong Kong


China Airlines


China Eastern Airlines

Nanjing,[73] Shanghai-Pudong


China Southern Airlines



Copa Airlines

Panama City


Delta Air Lines

Atlanta, Belize City, Boston, Cancn, Cincinnati, Columbus

(OH), Detroit, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Honolulu,
Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kansas City, Kahului,
Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Len/Del Bajo, Lihue, LondonA Lufthansa Airbus A380 lands at
Heathrow (ends October 5, 2015),[74] Mazatln, Memphis,
LAX Orleans, New
Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New
York-JFK, Oakland (begins December 19, 2015), Orlando5, 6
International, Phoenix, Portland (OR),[75] Puerto Vallarta,
Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Jose (CA)
(begins September 1, 2015), San Jos (Costa Rica), San
Salvador, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong,[76] Sydney,
Tampa, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Liberia (CR), Managua[77]

Delta Connection

747-400 taxis at LAX
Austin, Boise, Dallas/Fort Worth, KansasACity,
Monterrey, Oakland, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Sacramento,
Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA),
5, 6
Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tucson (begins December 19,
2015),[78] Vancouver
Seasonal: Bozeman, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Missoula

Delta Shuttle

San Francisco

El Al

Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion





Ethiopian Airlines

Addis Ababa, Dublin[79]

Etihad Airways

Abu Dhabi




Fiji Airways



Frontier Airlines

Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Denver

Great Lakes Airlines

Kingman, Merced, Prescott

Hawaiian Airlines

Honolulu, Kahului
Seasonal: Kailua-Kona, Lihue[80]


Seasonal: Madrid

Japan Airlines

Osaka-Kansai,[81] Tokyo-Narita

JetBlue Airways

Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York-JFK



An Emirates Airbus A380 at LAX


5, 6

A Cathay Pacific Boeing 777-300ER
at LAX

A Delta Air Lines Boeing 747-400
taking off from LAX


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Korean Air

So Paulo-Guarulhos, Seoul-Incheon


LAN Airlines

Lima, Santiago de Chile






Frankfurt, Munich


Norwegian Air Shuttle

Copenhagen, London-Gatwick, Stockholm Arlanda
operated by Norwegian Long Haul Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermeon


A Hawaiian Airlines Boeing TBIT

767-300ER takes off from LAX,
framed against the control tower

Philippine Airlines



Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney

Qatar Airways

Doha (begins January 1, 2016)[82]



Jeddah, Riyadh


Singapore Airlines

Singapore, Tokyo-Narita


Southwest Airlines

Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago-Midway,

Dallas-Love, Denver, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis,
Kansas City, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans,
Oakland, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento,
St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San
A Thai Airways Boeing 777-200ER
Jose (CA), Tucson
takes off from LAX
Seasonal: Omaha

Spirit Airlines

Atlanta (begins August 20, 2015), Baltimore, Cleveland,

Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort
Lauderdale, Houston-Intercontinental, Kansas City (begins
July 9, 2015), Las Vegas, Oakland (begins November 12,
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul

Sun Country Airlines

Minneapolis/St. Paul

Swiss International Air Lines


Thai Airways

Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Seoul-IncheonAn Air New Zealand Boeing 777


Thomas Cook Airlines

Manchester (UK) (begins May 2, 2016)[84]


Transaero Airlines



Turkish Airlines



United Airlines

Baltimore, Boston, Cancn, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland,

Denver, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Kahului,
Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London-Heathrow,
Melbourne, Mexico City, New Orleans, New York-JFK (ends
7, 8
October 24, 2015),[85] Newark, Orlando-International, Puerto
Vallarta, San Francisco, San Jos del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma,
United Airlines Boeing 787-8 at
Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita,A Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Leon/Del Bajio, San Antonio LAX

United Express

Albuquerque, Austin, Boise, Colorado Springs, Dallas/Fort

Worth, Durango (Mexico), El Paso, Fresno, Las Vegas,
Len/Del Bajo, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Monterey, Oklahoma
City, Palm Springs, Phoenix, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt
Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa
Barbara, Seattle/Tacoma, Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs,
Jackson Hole, Montrose


7, 8

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US Airways
operated by American Airlines

Charlotte, Columbus (OH), Nashville,[68] Philadelphia,

Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Tampa,[68]
Washington-Dulles (ends August 17, 2015)[68]

Virgin America

Boston, Cancn, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas-Love, Fort

Lauderdale, Las Vegas, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando3
International, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, WashingtonDulles
The United Airlines "Stars and Bars"

Virgin Atlantic Airways


Virgin Australia

Brisbane, Sydney


Aguascalientes, Guadalajara, Len/Del Bajo, Mexico City,

Morelia, Uruapan, Zacatecas


Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver

Retro Airbus A320 taxiing


^1 Copa Airlines arrivals are located at the Tom Bradley
International Terminal.
^2 Qantas flights to/from New YorkJFK are only for
A Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 with
non-domestic, connecting traffic. The airline does not have
the LA skyline in the background.
local traffic rights to transport passengers solely from LAX to
^3 Although Virgin Australia flights depart and arrive out of the Tom Bradley International Terminal,
passengers check in at Terminal 3.[86]


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Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San Jos
(Costa Rica), SeattleBoeing


Guadalajara, Len/El Bajo, Mexico City, Monterrey

AirBridgeCargo Airlines


Air China Cargo


Air Transport International Toledo

Aloha Air Cargo



Phoenix, Tucson

Asiana Cargo


Atlas Air

Anchorage, Fairbanks, Guam, San Francisco, Tokyo-Narita


Calgary, Glasgow-Prestwick, Indianapolis, Luxembourg, Mexico City

Cathay Pacific Cargo[88]

Anchorage, Hong Kong, Mexico City, San Francisco, Vancouver

Centurion Air Cargo

Seasonal: Guadalajara, Mexico City[89]

China Airlines Cargo[90]

Anchorage, Osaka, San Francisco, Taipei-Taoyuan

China Cargo Airlines


China Southern Cargo

Shanghai-Pudong, Vancouver, Zhengzhou [91]

Emirates SkyCargo

Copenhagen, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Mexico City, Zaragoza

EVA Air Cargo

Anchorage, San Francisco, Taipei-Taoyuan

FedEx Express

Auckland, Fort Worth/Alliance, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark,

Oakland, Portland (OR), San Diego, Sydney

Florida West International



Kalitta Air

Honolulu, Seoul-Incheon

Korean Air Cargo

Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Miami, Tokyo-Narita

Lufthansa Cargo



Guadalajara, Mrida, Mexico City, Quito, Campinas-Viracopos

Nippon Cargo Airlines

Tokyo-Narita, San Francisco

Polar Air Cargo

Anchorage, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong

Qatar Airways Cargo[92]

Luxembourg, Mexico City, Doha

Singapore Airlines

Anchorage, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth

Southern Air

Hong Kong, Leipzig/Halle

UPS Airlines

Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville

Yangtze River Express


Traffic and statistics

LAX handles more "origin and destination" (i.e. not connecting) passengers than any other airport in the

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The airport handled 28,861,477 enplanements, the total number of passengers boarding an aircraft, in 2008.
This makes LAX the third busiest airport in the United States in terms of enplanements.[95]
It is the world's fifth-busiest airport by passenger traffic[96] and fifteenth-busiest by cargo traffic,[97] serving
over 70.6 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight and mail in 2014. It is the busiest airport in the
state of California, and the second-busiest airport by passenger boardings in the United States, based on final
2013 statistics.[98]
In terms of international passengers, as of 2012, LAX is the third busiest in the United States. (behind JFK in
New York City and MIA in Miami)[99] and, as of 2006, 26th worldwide.[100]
The number of aircraft operations (landings and takeoffs) has steadily increased to 636,706 in 2014, up from
614,917 in 2013, according to the Federal Aviation Administration.[101] The Airports Council International
places LAX at third most aircraft movements in the world, as of 2013.[102]
Traffic by calendar year











































































































The LAX control tower and Theme

Building as seen from Terminal 4

Source: Los Angeles World Airports[103]

Top international destinations

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Busiest routes from LAX (Jan-Dec 2013) [104]



London (Heathrow),
United Kingdom



Air New Zealand, American, British Airways,

United, Virgin Atlantic

Tokyo (Narita), Japan



ANA, American, Delta, JAL, Malaysia

Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United

Sydney, Australia



Delta, Qantas, United, Virgin Australia

Seoul (Incheon), South




Asiana, Korean Air, Thai Airways

Taipei (Taoyuan), Taiwan 881,530


China Airlines, EVA Air

Mexico City, Mexico



Aeromxico, Alaska Airlines,Delta, United,


Vancouver, Canada



Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, United, WestJet

Guadalajara, Mexico



Aeromxico, Alaska Airlines, Delta, United,


Paris (Charles de Gaulle),



Air France, Air Tahiti Nui


Toronto (Pearson),


Air Canada, American


Top domestic destinations


Busiest routes from LAX (April 2014 - March 2015) [105]


San Francisco, California


American, Delta, Southwest, United, Virgin America

New York-John F. Kennedy, New



American, Delta, JetBlue, United, Virgin America

Chicago-O'Hare, Illinois


American, Frontier, Spirit, United, Virgin America

Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas


American, Delta, Spirit, United, Virgin America

Las Vegas, Nevada


American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United, Virgin


Honolulu, Hawaii


Allegiant, American, Delta, Hawaiian, United

Seattle/Tacoma, Washington


Alaska, Delta, United, Virgin America

Denver, Colorado


American, Frontier, Spirit, Southwest, United

Atlanta, Georgia


American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest


Phoenix, Arizona


American, Delta, Southwest, United, US Airways

Airport lounges
Terminal 1 None
Terminal 2 Air Canada Maple Leaf Lounge, Virgin Atlantic Clubhouse, Hawaiian Airlines Premier
Terminal 3 Virgin America LOFT
Terminal 4 American Airlines Admiral's Club, American Airlines Flagship Lounge
Terminal 4 (Satellite) American Airlines Admiral's Club
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Terminal 5 Delta Sky Club

Terminal 6 Alaska Airlines Board Room
Terminal 7 United Club (2)
Terminal 8 None
TBIT Star Alliance Lounge, SkyTeam Lounge, Oneworld Lounge, Philippine Airlines Mabuhay
Lounge, Emirates Lounge[107]

Ground transportation
Intraterminal Transportation
Shuttles service the terminals, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting
passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later reenter security. Tunnels connect terminals 5-8,
and a connector between TBIT and terminal 4 is currently under construction.

Freeways and roads

LAX's terminals are immediately west of the interchange between
Century Boulevard and Sepulveda Boulevard (State Route 1). The
405 Freeway can be reached to the east via Century Boulevard, and
the 105 Freeway can be reached to the south via Sepulveda

The closest bus stops to the terminals are the pair of opposites on
Sepulveda and Century, served by Torrance 8, Metro 117, Metro 232,
Commuter Express 574 and Metro 40 (owl service only).
In addition, out of a number of bus systems, many routes (local, rapid
and express) of the LACMTA Metro 232 to Long Beach, Line 8 of
Torrance Transit, Line 109 of Beach Cities Transit, the Santa Monica
Big Blue Bus system's Line 3 and Rapid 3 via Lincoln Blvd to Santa
Monica and the Culver CityBus's Line 6 and Rapid 6 via Sepulveda
Blvd to Culver City and UCLA all make stops at the LAX Transit
Center in Parking Lot C. on 96th St., where shuttle bus "C" offers
free connections to and from every LAX terminal, and at the Green
Line Station, where shuttle bus "G" connects to and from the

One of the large LAX signs that greet

visitors to Los Angeles International
Airport. This sign is at the Century
Boulevard entrance to the airport.

The 405 freeway near LAX.

FlyAway Bus
The FlyAway Bus is a motorcoach shuttle service run by the LAWA,
which currently travels between one of three off-airport areas: San
LAX City Bus Center.
Fernando Valley (Van Nuys), downtown Los Angeles (Union Station),
and the Westside (Westwood). The Irvine FlyAway was discontinued
on August 31, 2012. The shuttle service stops at every LAX terminal. The service hours vary based on the
line. All lines use the regional system of High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to expedite their trips.
Metro Rail
Shuttle bus "G" offers a free connection to and from the Aviation/LAX station on the Los Angeles Metro

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Rail Green Line. The line was originally intended to connect directly
to the airport terminals, but budgetary restraints and opposition from
local taxi and parking lot owners impeded its progress and won.

Airport Metro Connector

In June 2014, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation
Authority approved a $200 million Metro Rail infill station at
Aviation Boulevard and 96th Street on the under construction
Crenshaw/LAX Line to connect to an automated people mover
FlyAway Bus at Los Angeles Union
system called the Airport Metro Connector, connecting terminals 18
to the light rail system.[108] The people mover will have six stations:
three serving the terminal area, one serving a ground transportation
hub, one serving the light rail station, and one serving a rental car hub, decreasing the need for shuttle bus
services. Construction, estimated to cost $1.5 billion, is planned to start in early 2017 and to be completed by
early 2024.[109][110] Currently, shuttle bus "G" runs every 1015 minutes (synched with the train schedule)
from 5 am 1:30 am.[111]

Taxis and private shuttles

Taxicab services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab
Supervision Inc. (ATS). ATS maintains a taxicab holding lot under the 96th Street Bridge where, at peak
periods, hundreds of cabs queue up to wait their turn to pull into the central terminal area to pick up
passengers. A number of private shuttle companies also offer limousine and bus services to LAX Airport.

Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles

The airport also functions as a joint civil-military facility, providing a base for the United States Coast Guard
and its Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles facility, operating four HH-65 Dolphin helicopters, which
covers Coast Guard operations in various Southern California locations, including Catalina Island. Missions
include search and rescue (SAR), law enforcement, aids to navigation support (such as operating
lighthouses) and various military operations. In addition, Coast Guard helicopters assigned to the air station
deploy to Coast Guard cutters.
The Coast Guard is planning to close Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles and move its aircraft and
personnel to Naval Air Station Point Mugu, part of Naval Base Ventura County in Oxnard, California, when
the lease on the existing facility ends in 2016.[112][113]

Flight Path Learning Center & Museum

The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as
the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights (Condor Airlines) and regular
scheduled flights by MGM Grand Air. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for
The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft
scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china,
magazines, signs, even a TWA gate information sign. The museum also offers school tours and a guest
speaker program.
The museum's library contains an extensive collection of rare items such as aircraft manufacturer company
newsletters/magazines, technical manuals for both military and civilian aircraft, industry magazines dating

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back to World War II and before, historic photographs and other

invaluable references on aircraft operation and manufacturing.[114]
The museum has on display "The Spirit of Seventy-Six," which is a
DC-3 (DC-3-262, Serial No. 3269). After being in commercial airline
service, the plane served as a corporate aircraft for Union Oil
Company for 32 years. The plane was built in the Douglas Aircraft
Company plant in Santa Monica in January 1941, which was a major
producer of both commercial and military aircraft.[115]
The museum claims to be "the only aviation museum and research
The light towers, first installed in
center situated at a major airport and the only facility with a primary
preparation for the Democratic
emphasis on contributions of civil aviation to the history and
National Convention in 2000, change
development of Southern California".[116] There are other museums
colors throughout the night.
at major airports, however, including the Udvar-Hazy Center of the
National Air and Space Museum adjacent to Washington Dulles
Airport, the Royal Thai Air Force Museum at Don Muang Airport, the Suomen ilmailumuseo (Finnish
Aviation Museum) at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, the Frontier of Flight Museum at Dallas Love Field, the Tulsa
Air and Space Museum & Planetarium at Tulsa International Airport and others.

Other facilities
The airport has the administrative offices of Los Angeles World
Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the
airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of
Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it
planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963.[118] In
1963 Continental's headquarters moved to a two-story, $2.3 million
Hotels next to LAX.
building on the grounds of the airport.
The July 2009
Continental Magazine issue stated that the move "underlined
Continental's western and Pacific orientation".[121] On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated
to the America Tower in the Neartown area of Houston.[122]
In addition to Continental, Western Airlines and Flying Tiger Line also had their headquarters on the LAX

Incidents and accidents

During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:[125]

On January 23, 1939, the sole prototype Douglas 7B twin-engine attack bomber, designed and built as
a company project, suffered loss of vertical fin and rudder during demonstration flight over Mines
Field, flat spun into the parking lot of North American Aviation, burned. Another source states that the
test pilot, in an attempt to impress the Gallic passenger, attempted a snap roll at low altitude with one
engine feathered, resulting in the fatal spin.[126] Douglas test pilot Johnny Cable bailed out at 300 feet,
chute unfurled but did not have time to deploy, killed on impact, flight engineer John Parks rode the
airframe in and died, but 33-year-old French Air Force Capt. Paul Chemidlin, riding in aft fuselage
near top turret, survived with broken leg, severe back injuries, slight concussion. Presence of
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Chemidlin, a representative of foreign purchasing mission, caused a furor in Congress by isolationists

over neutrality and export laws. Type was developed as Douglas DB-7.[127]

On June 1, 1940, the first Douglas R3D-1 for the U.S. Navy, BuNo 1901, crashed at Mines Field,
before delivery. The Navy later acquired the privately owned DC-5 prototype, from William E. Boeing
as a replacement.[128]
On November 20, 1940, the prototype NA-73X Mustang, NX19998,[129] first flown October 26, 1940,
by test pilot Vance Breese, crashed this date.[130] According to P-51 designer Edgar Schmued, the
NA-73 was lost because test pilot Paul Balfour refused, before a high-speed test run, to go through the
takeoff and flight test procedure with Schmued while the aircraft was on the ground, claiming "one
airplane was like another". After making two high speed passes over Mines Field, he forgot to put the
fuel valve on "reserve" and during third pass ran out of fuel. Emergency landing in a freshly plowed
field caused wheels to dig in, aircraft flipped over, airframe was not rebuilt, the second aircraft being
used for subsequent testing.[131]
On October 26, 1944, WASP pilot Gertrude Tompkins Silver of the 601st Ferrying Squadron, 5th
Ferrying Group, Love Field, Dallas, Texas, departed Los Angeles Airport, in North American P-51D
Mustang, 44-15669,[132] at 1600 hrs PWT, headed for the East Coast. She took off into the wind, into
an offshore fog bank, and was expected that night at Palm Springs. She never arrived. Due to a
paperwork foul-up, a search did not get under way for several days, and while the eventual search of
land and sea was massive, it failed to find a trace of Silver or her plane. She is the only missing WASP
pilot. She had married Sgt. Henry Silver one month before her disappearance.[133]

On January 13, 1969, a Scandinavian Airlines System Douglas DC-8-62, Flight 933, crashed into Santa
Monica Bay, approximately 6 nautical miles (11 km) west of LAX at 7:21 pm, local time. The aircraft
was operating as flight SK-933, nearing the completion of a flight from Seattle. Of nine crewmembers,
three lost their lives to drowning, while 12 of the 36 passengers also drowned.
On January 18, 1969, United Airlines Flight 266 a Boeing 727-200 bearing the registration number
N7434U, crashed into Santa Monica Bay approximately 11.3 miles (18.2 km) west of LAX at 6:21 pm
local time. The aircraft was destroyed, resulting in the loss of all 32 passengers and six crewmembers

On the evening of June 6, 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, a Douglas DC-9 jetliner which had
departed LAX on a flight to Salt Lake City, Utah, was struck nine minutes after takeoff by a U.S.
Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter jet over the San Gabriel Mountains. The
midair collision killed all 44 passengers and five crew members aboard the DC-9 airliner and one of
two crewmen aboard the military jet.
On August 6, 1974, a bomb exploded near the Pan Am ticketing area at Terminal 2; three people were
killed and 35 were injured.[134]
On March 1, 1978, two tires burst in succession on a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 on Continental
Airlines Flight 603 during its takeoff roll at LAX and the plane, bound for Honolulu, veered off the
runway. A third tire burst and the DC-10's left landing gear collapsed, causing a fuel tank to rupture.
Following the aborted takeoff, spilled fuel ignited and enveloped the center portion of the aircraft in
flames. During the ensuing emergency evacuation, a husband and wife died when they exited the
passenger cabin onto the wing and dropped down directly into the flames. Two additional passengers
died of their injuries approximately three months after the accident; 74 others aboard the plane were
injured, as were 11 firemen battling the fire.
On the evening of March 10, 1979, Swift Aire Flight 235, a twin-engine Aerospatiale Nord 262A-33

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turboprop en route to Santa Maria, was forced to ditch in Santa Monica Bay after experiencing engine
problems upon takeoff from LAX. The pilot, co-pilot and a female passenger drowned when they were
unable to exit the aircraft after the ditching. The female flight attendant and the three remaining
passengerstwo men and a pregnant womansurvived and were rescued by several pleasure boats
and other watercraft in the vicinity.

On August 31, 1986, Aeromxico Flight 498, a DC-9 en route from Mexico City, Mexico to Los
Angeles, began its descent into LAX when a Piper Cherokee collided with the DC-9's left horizontal
stabilizer over Cerritos, California, causing the DC-9 to crash into a residential neighborhood. All 67
people on the two aircraft were killed, in addition to 15 people on the ground. 5 homes were destroyed
and an additional 7 were damaged by the crash and resulting fire. The Piper went down in a nearby
schoolyard and caused no further injuries on the ground. As a result of this incident, the FAA required
all commercial aircraft to be equipped with Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).

On February 1, 1991, USAir Flight 1493 (arriving from Columbus, Ohio), a Boeing 737-300, landing
on runway 24L at LAX, collided on touchdown with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, Flight
5569 departing to Palmdale, California, that had been holding in position on the same runway. The
collision killed all 12 occupants of the SkyWest plane and 22 people aboard the USAir 737.

Al-Qaeda attempted to bomb LAX on New Year's Eve 1999/2000. The bomber, Algerian Ahmed
Ressam, was captured in Port Angeles, Washington, the U.S. port of entry, with a cache of explosives
that could have produced a blast 40x greater than that of a devastating car bomb hidden in the trunk of
the rented car in which he had traveled from Canada.[135][136] He had planned to leave one or two
suitcases filled with explosives in an LAX passenger waiting area.[137][138] He was initially sentenced
to 22 years in prison, but in February 2010 an appellate court ordered that his sentence be
On January 31, 2000, Alaska Airlines Flight 261, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 jetliner flying from
Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to San Francisco and Seattle, requested to make an emergency landing at
LAX after experiencing control problems with its tail-mounted horizontal stabilizer. Before the plane
could divert to Los Angeles, it suddenly plummeted into the Pacific Ocean approximately 2.7 miles
(4.3 km) north of Anacapa Island off the California coast, killing all 88 people aboard the aircraft.[140]
Three of the aircraft hijacked as part of the September 11, 2001 attacks (American Airlines Flight 11,
American Airlines Flight 77, and United Airlines Flight 175) were scheduled services to LAX.
In the 2002 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of July 4, 2002, Hesham Mohamed Hadayet
killed two Israelis at the ticket counter of El Al Airlines at LAX. Although the gunman was not linked
to any terrorist group, the man was upset at U.S. support for Israel, and therefore was motivated by
political disagreement. This led the FBI to classify this shooting as a terrorist act,[141] one of the few
on U.S. soil since the September 11 attacks.
On September 21, 2005, JetBlue Airways Flight 292, an Airbus A320 discovered a problem with its
landing gear as it took off from Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California. It flew in circles for three
hours to burn off fuel, then landed safely at Los Angeles International Airport on runway 25L,
balancing on its back wheels as it rolled down the center of the runway. Passengers were able to watch
their own coverage live from the satellite broadcast on JetBlue in-flight TV seat displays of their plane
as it made an emergency landing with the front landing gear visibly becoming damaged. Because
JetBlue did not serve LAX at the time, the aircraft was evaluated and repaired at a Continental
Airlines hangar.[142][143]
On July 29, 2006, after America West Express Flight 6008, a Canadair Regional Jet operated by Mesa

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Airlines from Phoenix, Arizona, landed on runway 25L, controllers instructed the pilot to leave the
runway on a taxiway known as "Mike" and stop short of runway 25R. Even though the pilot read back
the instructions correctly, he accidentally taxied onto 25R and into the path of a departing SkyWest
Airlines Embraer EMB-120 operating United Express Flight 6037 to Monterey, California. They
cleared each other by 50 feet (15 m) and nobody was hurt.[144]
On August 16, 2007, a runway incursion occurred between WestJet Flight 900 and Northwest Airlines
Flight 180 on runways 24R and 24L, respectively, with the aircraft coming within 37 feet (11 m) of
each other. The planes were carrying a combined total of 296 people, none of whom were injured. The
NTSB concluded that the incursion was the result of controller error.[145] In September 2007, FAA
Administrator Marion Blakey stressed the need for LAX to increase lateral separation between its pair
of north runways in order to preserve the safety and efficiency of the airport.[146]

On October 13 and 14, 2013, two incidents of dry ice bomb explosions occurred at the airport. The
first dry ice bomb exploded at 7:00 p.m. in an employee restroom in Terminal 2, injuring nobody.
Terminal 2 was briefly shut down as a result. On the next day at 8:30 p.m., a dry ice bomb exploded on
the tarmac area near the Tom Bradley International Terminal, injuring nobody. Two other plastic
bottles containing dry ice were found at the scene during the second explosion. On October 15, a
28-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the explosions and was booked on
charges of possession of an explosive or destructive device near an aircraft. He is held on $1 million
bail.[147][148][149] On October 18, a 41-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the
second explosion, and was booked on suspicion of possessing a destructive device near an aircraft.[150]
Authorities believe that the incidents are not linked to terrorism.[147]
In the 2013 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of November 1, 2013, at around 9:31 a.m.
PDT, a lone gunman entered Terminal 3 and opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle, killing a
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officer and wounding three other people. The gunman
was later apprehended and taken into custody. Until the situation was clarified and under control, a
few terminals at the airport were evacuated, all inbound flights were diverted and all outbound flights
were grounded until the airport began returning to normal operation at around 2:30 p.m.[151][152]

Planned modernization
LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX. These include terminal and runway improvements,
which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest
class of very large passenger aircraft.
These improvements[153] include:
New crossfield taxiway
New large aircraft gates at TBIT
TBIT core improvements
New Midfield Satellite Concourse
Replacement of Central Utility Plant
LAWA is also planning to build and operate an automated people mover. This small train will include three
stations in the central terminal area and three outside east of the terminals at a new intermodal transportation
facility, connecting passengers between the central terminal area and the Metro Green Line, the future Metro
Crenshaw Line, and regional and local bus lines and a consolidated car rental facility.[154]

In popular culture

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Numerous films and television shows have been set or filmed

partially at LAX, at least partly due to the airport's proximity to
Hollywood studios. Film shoots at the Los Angeles airports, including
LAX, produced $590 million for the Los Angeles region from 2002 to

See also
California World War II Army Airfields
Los Angeles Airport Police
Peirson Mitchell Hall, instrumental in establishing the airport

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145. "NTSB incident report. NTSB identification OPS07IA009A" (
/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=20070821X01217&key=1%20). National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved
March 13, 2008.
146. Staff (September 2007). "Outgoing FAA Administrator Marion Blakey: LAX Must Address Runway Safety"
( Metro
Investment Report.

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147. Alsup, Dave (October 16, 2013). "Police: Arrest made in Los Angeles airport dry ice explosion"
( CNN.
Retrieved October 16, 2013.
148. Abdollah, Tami (October 16, 2013). "AP Newsbreak: Arrest in LA airport ice explosions"
Associated Press. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
149. Winton, Richard (October 16, 2013). "LAX dry ice explosions: Airport employee arrested in case"
(,0,4216277.story). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
150. Abdollah, Tami (October 18, 2013). "Official: 2nd LAX worker also set off dry ice bomb"
Associated Press. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
151. "TSA Agent Reported Shot at LAX; Major Police Response" ( KTLA TV. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
152. "Passengers evacuated from terminal at Los Angeles International Airport after reports of gunshots"
( Fox News. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
153. "LAX Specific Plan Amendment" (
/Contractors%20roll%20out%2011-19-08.pdf) (PDF). Retrieved December 6, 2010.
155. Tony Barboza (January 22, 2007). "L.A. airports fly high with film shoots" (
/22/local/me-film22). Los Angeles Times.

Further reading
Bullock, Freddy. LAX: Los Angeles International Airport (1998)
Schoneberger, William A., Ethel Pattison, and Lee Nichols. Los Angeles International Airport
(Arcadia Publishing, 2009.)

External links
Los Angeles International Airport official website
Wikivoyage has a travel
guide for Los Angeles
LAneXt website (
International Airport.
LAX Noise Management Internet Flight Tracking System
Wikimedia Commons has
FAA Airport Diagram (
media related to Los Angeles
/1507/00237AD.PDF) (PDF), effective June 25, 2015
International Airport.
Los Angeles International Airport travel guide from
Resources for this airport:
AirNav airport information for KLAX (
ASN accident history for LAX (
FlightAware airport information ( and live flight
tracker (
NOAA/NWS latest weather observations (
SkyVector aeronautical chart for KLAX (
FAA current LAX delay information (
Retrieved from "

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Categories: Los Angeles International Airport 1930 establishments in California

Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces in California Airports established in 1930
Airports in Los Angeles County, California Airports in the Greater Los Angeles Area
Buildings and structures in Los Angeles, California
Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command in North America
Westchester, Los Angeles
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