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The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s.
Initial concepts of packet networking originated in several computer science laboratories in the
United States, Great Britain, and France. The US Department of Defense awarded contracts as
early as the 1960s for packet network systems, including the development of
the ARPANET(which would become the first network to use the Internet Protocol.) The first
message was sent over the ARPANET from computer science Professor Leonard Kleinrock's
laboratory at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) to the second network node
at Stanford Research Institute (SRI).
Packet switching networks such as ARPANET, Mark I at NPL in the UK,CYCLADES, Merit
Network, Tymnet, and Telenet, were developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s using a variety
of communications protocols. Donald Davies was the first to put theory into practice by
designing a packet-switched network at the National Physics Laboratory in the UK, the first of
its kind in the world and the cornerstone for UK research for almost two decades.[1][2]Following,
ARPANET further led to the development of protocols for internetworking, in which multiple
separate networks could be joined into a network of networks.
Access to the ARPANET was expanded in 1981 when the National Science Foundation (NSF)
funded the Computer Science Network (CSNET). In 1982, the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP)
was introduced as the standard networking protocol on the ARPANET. In the early 1980s the
NSF funded the establishment for national supercomputing centers at several universities, and
provided interconnectivity in 1986 with the NSFNET project, which also created network access
to the supercomputer sites in the United States from research and education organizations.
Commercial Internet service providers (ISPs) began to emerge in the late 1980s. The ARPANET
was decommissioned in 1990. Private connections to the Internet by commercial entities became
widespread quickly, and the NSFNET was decommissioned in 1995, removing the last
restrictions on the use of the Internet to carry commercial traffic.
In the 1980s, the work of Tim Berners-Lee in the United Kingdom, on the World Wide Web,
theorised the fact that protocols link hypertext documents into a working system,[3] marking the
beginning the modern Internet. Since the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact
on culture and commerce, including the rise of near-instant communication by electronic
mail, instant messaging, voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone calls, two-way interactive
video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums,blogs, social networking,
and online shopping sites. The research and education community continues to develop and use
advanced networks such as NSF's very high speed Backbone Network

Service (vBNS), Internet2, andNational LambdaRail. Increasing amounts of data are transmitted
at higher and higher speeds over fiber optic networks operating at 1-Gbit/s, 10-Gbit/s, or more.
The Internet's takeover of the global communication landscape was almost instant in historical
terms: it only communicated 1% of the information flowing through twoway telecommunications networks in the year 1993, already 51% by 2000, and more than 97%
of the telecommunicated information by 2007.[4]Today the Internet continues to grow, driven by
ever greater amounts of online information, commerce, entertainment, and social.

The Internet components most Internet users are familiar with are e-mail, the web, and web
access. But if you are considering setting up a web site for your business and/or becoming your
own web master there are other Internet components to consider. What follows is a list of all of
the most common components of the Internet.
1. Access - To interact directly with the Internet requires some form of access or
connectivity to the Internet.
2. Chat - IRC (Internet Relay Chat) is used for live discussions on the Internet.
3. Ecommerce - Taking orders for products and services on the Internet.
4. E-mail - Exchanging electronic letters, messages, and small files.
5. FTP - File Transfer Protocol is the most common method of transferring files between
computers via the Internet.
6. Hosting - Making information available to others on the Internet.
7. Mailing Lists - E-mail messages forwarded to everyone on a special interest list.
8. Search Engines - These tools are really a part of the World Wide Web and are often used
when looking for information because the Web has grown so large and is without any
inherent organizational structure.
9. Telnet - Creation of a dumb terminal session to a host computer in order to run software
applications on the host system.
10. Usenet - Newsgroups for receiving news and sending out announcements.
11. World Wide Web - This is largest, fastest growing, part of the Internet, the part for
which Internet browsers like Netscapes Navigator and Microsofts Explorer were
designed. Business is the leading factor fueling the rapid growth of the Web making
information, advertising, and product ordering readily available to everyone with Web

Smart Broadband Inc.

Globe Telecom
Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT)
Sun Cellular [Digitel Mobile Philippines, Inc. (DMPI)]

5. Bayan Telecommunications, Inc. (BayanTel)

6. Meridian Telekoms Inc.
7. Sky Cable
8. Eastern Telecom Philippines Inc.
9. Bell Telecommunication Philippines Inc.
10. Wi-tribe Telecoms Inc.

1. Dial-up connections
To get a dial-up connection, your computer will dial a phone number using your
telephone line.
Dial-up connections need a modem to connect to the internet and you pay for a call each
time you dial-up. Dial-up connections are really slow compared to broadband, and are
usually too slow for streaming video and making voice or video calls on the internet.
If you want to do more than read web pages and send emails, you'll probably need a
broadband connection.
2. Broadband connections
Broadband is a high-speed internet connection.
Unlike dial-up, with broadband your phone line is not tied up. You can make a phone call
and be on the internet at the same time. With broadband, you can watch live news and
sport, download and share large files quickly and shop or bank online more easily.
There are different ways to get broadband which means it doesn't matter where you live
in Australiaeveryone can get access to a fast internet connection.
3. Fixed broadband connections
A 'fixed broadband connection' is a permanent connection to the internet.

If you've got fixed broadband at home, you'll have a broadband modem that you can plug
a cable into. If your modem's also a wireless modem, you'll be able to connect wireless
internet devices to your modem without using a cable.
Wireless connections can be good if you have more than one person and more than one
device all wanting to use the same fixed connection. Most wireless connections let you
use the internet in different rooms and even if you're outside.
With a fixed broadband connection, you might also look into getting an internet phone
rather than keeping your traditional phone line.
This is called VoIPwhich stands for 'voice over internet protocol'.
4. Fixed wireless and satellite connections
If you live in a remote part of Australia, you can get a broadband internet connection by
using either a fixed wireless connection or a satellite connection.
Once you have a broadband connection to your home, you might like to set up a wireless
router so you can connect several wireless devices and use them in and around the home.
5. Mobile broadband connections
You could also get the internet on a mobile broadband connection where you plug a USB
modem into your device and use mobile phone towers to access the internet.
This can be useful if you need the internet when you're out and about, or if you live in an
area with good mobile phone coverage.
6. Internet on your mobile phone
Many mobile phones let you access the internet if you've signed up for internet in your
mobile phone plan.
'Smartphones' are mobile phones that are like small computers. They have software on
them to make it easier for you to surf the internet, check your email and use social
networking sites.

7. Wireless hotspots
If you're out and about with an internet device like a laptop, tablet or smartphone, you
might want to connect at a wireless hotspot.
Wireless 'hotspots' are places like libraries and cafs, which offer you free access to their
broadband connection. You may need to be a member of the library or a customer at a
caf to get the password for the wireless connection.
8. Next steps
Broadband and wireless broadband can be easy to useyou just need to follow a few
simple steps to keep your internet devices secure online.
You can watch our video guides on keeping yourself and your computer protected on the
You can also get a lot of useful information about protecting your computer from the Stay
Smart Online website. The address is